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AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

Lesson Focus: How are deserts shaped by wind?

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AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

Enables Weather erosion to ing Breakdo take place Removal and wn of transportatio rocks in n of situ Click to edit Master subtitle style sediments The agents of erosion are the forces which have the energy to remove and transport 3/11/12 sediments: water, wind, ice
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AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

Aeolian (Wind) Processes

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3/11/12
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AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

Aeolian (Wind) Processes


Organise your notes on a Venn diagram like this...
Process es of Erosion Processes of Transporta tion Depositi on

Factors Factors affectin affecting g Click to edit Master subtitle style transportati erosion on

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AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

The three main processes of aeolian erosion are: Removal of fine 1. sediment by the Deflation D_fl_t__n wind Action of wind2. Click to edit Master subtitle style borne particles Abrasion Ab____n

3. Attrition At_____n
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against rocks Colliding grains become smaller and rounder

AS Geography Deserts 1.
AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

Deflation

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AS Geography Deflation is the dominant type Deserts


AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

of wind erosion in arid landscapes

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AS Geography Reg Deserts


AS Geography

L4. Hot Deserts & Margins

formation

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AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

2. Abrasion Sand blasting - Larger particles are more erosive confined to a couple of Click to edit Master subtitle style metres above the surface Occurs much more slowly than deflation 100 y 1mm
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How did this rock pedestal form?

AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

strength/ duration of wind

wind direction particle size carried

Factors vegetatio affecting n cover the rate of Click to edit Master subtitle style wind erosion?
structure and composition of the rock 3/11/12
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moisture content of soil

AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

The three main processes of aeolian transportation are:

1. <0.15mm in Suspensio diameter 2. 0.15n Click to edit Master subtitle style Saltation 0.25mm > 0.25mm 3. Creep Use this diagram to describe movement / particle size for 3/11/12

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AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

wind speed vegetati on / Factors nature influencing of the surface to edit Master subtitle style transportat Click particl e size
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wind direction

ion
turbulenc e

wind duration

AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

Loess

Hypothesis: small particles require lower wind velocities to be lifted??

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AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

Use the data to plot the entrainment velocity for particles of different sizes. Entrainment velocity is the velocity at which a particle will be lifted. Particle Diameter Threshold Particle diameter (mm) Velocity (cm S-1) should be converted to a 0.01 35.4 0.02 28.1 logarithmic scale 0.04 20.9 (on x axis) edit Master subtitle style Click to 0.07 15.9 Describe and 0.1 17.2 explain the 0.2 22.8 relationship 0.4 27.2 between threshold 1.0 46.3 velocity and 2.0 53.1 particle size. 3/11/12 3.0 63.2
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3/11/12
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AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

Aeolian deposition occurs when... Wind velocity decreases and can no longer transport Obstacles may also slow down wind velocity...
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AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

Wind Direction this obstacle would you expect Which side of

the wind-blown sand to be deposited? Vote Now!

Click to edit Master subtitle style PREVAILING WIND DIRECTION

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AS Geography

Hot Deserts & Margins

Sand shadow Effect


Air converges and Click to edit Master subtitle style velocity increases Air diverges and velocity decreases Deposition occurs on

3/11/12
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3/11/12
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