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PROJECT TIME MANAGEMENT

Muhammad Kamran Khalid Six Sigma Black Belt, PMP

Project Time Management (pg 129 PMBOK)


Project Time Management includes the processes required to accomplish timely completion of the project.

Logical relationships (pg 138 PMBOK)


Finish-to-Start Activity A must finish before Activity B can start
Construction and landscaping

Start-to-Start Activity A must start before Activity B can start

Documentation and Editing

Finish-to-Finish Activity A must finish before Activity B can finish

Testing and documentation

Start-to-Finish Activity A must start before Activity B can finish

Dependency Determination
(pg 139 PMBOK)

Mandatory Dependency
(Hard Logic)

Discretionary Dependency
(Soft Logic, Preferred logic, Preferential logic)

External Dependency

Leads and Lags (pg 140 PMBOK)


When a successor activity starts a week earlier instead of its actual start date, e.g. Starting documentation 2 weeks prior to the product prototype. (finish to start with a 2 week lead.) When an activity starts after a delay. Waiting for 3 days for concrete to dry before erecting the frame (Finish to start with 3 day lag)

Precedence Diagram Method (PDM)

EXERCISE 1 Create a Network Diagram


TASK Dependency Duration

A B C D E F G

A A B C,D C E,F

2 3 3 4 2 1 1

SOLUTION
B D

3
A

4
E

2
C F

EXERCISE 2 Create a Network Diagram


TASK Dependency Duration

A B C D E F G

A A B,C D D E, F

2 3 3 4 2 1 1

SOLUTION
B F

3
A D

1
G

2
C

EXERCISE 3 Create a Network Diagram


TASK Dependency Duration

A B C D E F G H

A A B,C C B E F,D

2 3 3 4 2 1 1 3

SOLUTION
B F

Introducing an end node


H

3
A

1
D

3
end

2
C

0
E G

EXERCISE 4 Create a Network Diagram and


calculate slack
TASK Dependency Duration

A B C D E F G

A A B C,D C E, F

2 3 7 3 2 1 1

SOLUTION
2 B 5 3 3 6 1 0 A2 0 22 0 2C 9 27 9 0 9 F 10 10 1 11 1
Forward Pass complete

5 D 8 6 3 9 1 9 E 11 9 2 11 0

Backward pass complete


Slack calculated

11 G 12 11 1 12 0

Critical path A-C-E-G

EXERCISE 5 Create a Network Diagram and


calculate slack
TASK Dependency Duration

A B C D E F G

A A B C,D C E, F

2 3 7 3 1 1 2

SOLUTION
2 B 5 3 3 6 1 0 A2 0 22 0 2C 9 27 9 0 9 F 10 9 1 10 0
Forward Pass complete

5 D 8 6 3 9 1

Backward pass complete


Slack calculated

9 E 10 9 1 10 0

10 G 12 10 2 12 0

Critical path A-C-E-G and A-C-F-G

EXERCISE 6 Reduce project duration by 1 day


TASK Dependency Duration Crash Cost

A B C D E F G

A A B C,D E F

2 3 7 3 2 1 1

350 100 250 100 300 -

SOLUTION
Forward Pass complete

2 B 5 3 3 6 1 0 A2 0 22 0 2C 9 27 9 0

5 D 8 6 3 9 1 9 E 11 9 2 11 0

Backward pass complete Slack calculated

11 F 12 11 1 12 0

12 G 13 12 1 13 0

Reducing C by 1 day

Critical path A-C-E-F-G

SOLUTION
Forward Pass complete

2 B 5 2 3 5 0 0 A2 0 22 0 2C 8 26 8 0

5 D 8 5 3 8 0 8 E 10 8 2 10 0

Backward pass complete Slack calculated

10 F 11 10 1 11 0

11 G 12 11 1 12 0

Critical path A-C-E-F-G and A-B-D-F-G