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An entrepreneur is a person in an organization, with a vision, originality and daring, who acts as the boss and divides as to how, the activity shall be carried on. The Entrepreneur is considered as the nucleus of an enterprise.

Women Entrepreneurship

The Government of India has defined a women entrepreneurship as an enterprise owned and controlled by a woman having a minimum financial interest of 51% of the capital and giving at least 51% of the employment generated in the enterprise to women.

Why do Women Take-up Employment

Pull Factors

Womens desire to evaluate their talent To utilize their free time or education Need and perception of Womens Liberation, Equity etc. To gain recognition, importance and social status. To get economic independence

Push Factors
Death of bread winner Sudden fall in family income Permanent inadequacy in income of the family

Functions of women entrepreneurs

Explore the opportunities of starting new enterprises. Assume risks and bear uncertainties. Introduction of new innovations or imitation of successful innovations made by others. Co-ordination, administration and control. Providing leadership in every business aspect.

Reasons for slow growth of women entrepreneurship in India Lack of business education.
Unfavorable family background. Dual role of women. Lack of aptitudes and training. Absence of individualistic spirit.


Family burden due to the fact that the male partners of many women are working in Middle East countries. Inadequate infrastructure facilities. Shortage of capital and technical knowhow. Absence of ideal market conditions. Lack of freedom to choose a job according to ability, influence, sex, custom etc.


Corruption in administration. Lack of adequate transport and communication facilities. Shortage of power. Lack of security.

Challenges faced by women entrepreneurs

Shortage of finance Shortage of raw materials Inadequate marketing facilities Hesitant to find out the access Keen competition High cost of production


Family responsibilities Low mobility Lack of education Low capacity to bear risks Social attitudes Low need for achievement

Key Measures to success

Direct & indirect financial support Yojna, schemes and programmes Technological training and awards Federations and associations

Direct & Indirect Financial Support

Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) State Small Industrial Development Corporations State Industrial Development Corporation Nationalized Banks State Finance Corporation District Industrial Centers Differential Rate Schemes Mahila Udyog Nidhi Scheme

Yojna ,Schemes and Programmes

Nehru Rojgar Yojna Jawahar Rojgar Yojna TRYSEM DWACRA

Technological Training and Awards

Stree Shakti Package by SBI Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India Trade Related Entrepreneurship Assistance and Development (TREAD) National Institute of Small Business Extension Training (NSIBE Womens University of Mumbai

Federations and Associations

National Alliance of Young Entrepreneurs (NAYE) India Council of Women Entrepreneurs, New Delhi Self Employed Womens Association (SEWA) Association of Women Entrepreneurs of Karnataka (AWEK) World Association of Women Entrepreneurs Associated Country Women of the World

Women Entrepreneurship in India


Earlier there were 3 Ks

Kitchen Kids Knitting

At present there are 4 Es

Then came 3 Ps

Powder Pappad Pickles

Electricity Electronics Energy Engineering


Procedure of getting finance should be simple Effective propagation of programmes and Yojna Linkages between product, services and market centers. Encouragement to technical and professional education. Support from the family