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Leader , Codes, Notes

Ethical Leadership
Actions: Work to positively change the attitudes and behaviors of employees. Engage in socially constructive behaviors.

Do not abuse power or use improper means to attain goals.


Team Leadership Roles:

Act as liaisons with external constituencies. Serve as troubleshooters.

Managing conflict. Coaching to improve team member performance

Leadership Roles: Mentoring

A senior employee who sponsors and supports a less-experienced employee (a protg). Mentoring Activities:

Present ideas clearly

Listen well Empathize Share experiences Act as role model Share contacts Provide political guidance

Leadership Roles: Self-Leadership

A set of processes through which individuals control their own behavior. Creating self leaders:
Model self-leadership. Encourage employees to create self-set goals. Encourage the use of self-rewards. Create positive thought patterns. Create a climate of self-leadership. Encourage self-criticism.

Ethics Check
1. Is it legal? 2. Is it balanced?

3. How will it make me feel about myself?

Ethics Quick Test

1. Is the action legal? 2. Does it comply with our values? 3. If you do it, will you feel bad? 4. How will it look in the newspaper? 5. If you know its wrong, dont do it. 6. If youre not sure, ask. 7. Keep asking until you get an answer.

1. Is it legal? 2. Is it within our shared beliefs and policies? 3. Is it right / fair / appropriate?

4. Would I want everyone to know about this? 5. How will I feel about myself?

Benefits of Ethics Codes

1. Legal protection for the company 2. Increased company pride and loyalty 3. Increased consumer / public goodwill

4. Improved loss prevention

5. Reduced bribery and kickbacks

6. Improved product quality

7. Increased productivity

Content of Codes of Conduct

Employment practices Employee, client, and vendor
information Public information / communications Conflicts of interest Relationships with vendors Environmental issues Ethical management practices Political involvement


How Codes of Conduct Influence Behavior

Codes of Conduct act as a

1. Rule book 2. Signpost 3. Mirror 4. Magnifying glass

5. Shield 6. Smoke detector 7. Fire alarm 8. Club


Traits of Effective Leaders

Internal locus of control Integrity

High energy



Traits of Effective Leaders

Sensitivity to others

Self-confidence Stability


Traits of Effective Leaders (cont.)

Want to be in charge Not overly bossy or bullying Affects all other traits

High energy
Drive, hard work, stamina, persistence Tolerate stress well

Trust own judgments, decisions, ideas, capabilities Related to effectiveness and advancement

Traits of Effective Leaders (cont.)

Locus of control
Internal = belief in the control of your own destiny External = belief in fate, luck, etc.

Emotionally in control, secure, positive Associated with managerial effectiveness and advancement

Honest, ethical, trustworthy Essential to running a successful business

Intelligence Is the ability to think critically, solve problems, and make decisions Is the best predictor of job performance Emotional intelligence Self-awareness Being conscious of your own emotions and how they affect your personal and professional life Social awareness The ability to understand others Self-management The ability to control disruptive emotions Relationship management The ability to work well with others

Traits of Effective Leaders (cont.)

Traits of Effective Leaders (cont.)

Flexibility Change, adjust to changes The ability to influence others about change Sensitivity Understand group members as individuals, communicate well, people centered Requires empathy

Promoting an Ethical Climate

Set an example of ethical behavior in your own actions Facilitate the development and dissemination of a code of ethical conduct Initiate discussions with followers or colleagues about ethics and integrity

Promoting an Ethical Climate

Recognize and reward ethical behavior by others Take personal risks to advocate moral solutions to problems Help others find fair and ethical solutions to conflicts Initiate support services (e.g., ethics hotline, online advisory group)
2006 Prentice Hall Leadership in Organizations 14-19

Opposing Unethical Practices

Refuse to share in the benefits provided by unethical activities Refuse to accept assignments that involve unethical activities Try to discourage unethical actions by others Speak out publicly against unethical or unfair policies in the organization
2006 Prentice Hall Leadership in Organizations 14-20

Opposing Unethical Practices

Oppose unethical decisions and seek to get them reversed Inform proper authorities about dangerous products or harmful practices Provide assistance to others who oppose unethical decisions or practices

Ethical Leadership
Determinants of Ethical Leadership Future Research on Ethical Leadership

Discussion Question

Do you believe that if you use ethical behavior it will pay off in the long run?

1- Clearly state your own personal ethical principles and apply them to ethical issues in engineering. 2- Recognize an engineering ethical dilemma and apply a systematic process of moral reasoning to resolve it. 3- Explain the advantages and limitations of engineering ethics codes and apply one to the resolution of an ethical dilemma.

4- Define responsibility, identify to whom and to what you will be responsible as a practicing engineer, and give examples of how you might fulfill -- or fail to fulfill -those responsibilities. 5- Describe the effects of technology on individuals, society, and the environment and apply your ethical principles, as well as those of other ethical systems, to the critical examination of technology in light of those effects.