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General Listening Strategies

• Concentrate and keep your mind

focussed on what you are listening to
• Listen intently
• Get an overall view of the text – you do
not need to understand or memorize
every word
• When listening to oral text more than
- Identify the main ideas the first time
- Identify specific details, like numbers,
names etc
• Lean and apply the right listening skills
Listening Skills
A. Listening for main ideas

• Find out what the text is all about

• Take note of all the key words
• Summarize them into one sentence
Listening Skills
A. Listening for specific

• Concentrate on relevant parts

• Ignore the irrelevant information
• Attention given to names, dates,
numbers, reasons/ causes, and
Listening Skills
A. Paraphrasing

• Listen and understand what is

being said
• Identify the main ideas and key
• Link them logically and restate
using your own words
Listening Skills
A. Summarising

• Listen and understand what is said

• In shorter and precise form
• Only main ideas are included
• Details will be discarded
Listening Skills
A. Making Inferences

• Making intelligent guess or

making logical interpertation
based on information given
• Analyze the availabe information
& interpret the whole meaning
• Make use of background
knowledge and common sense
Listening Skills
A. Predicting

• Guessing what the speaker is

going to say next
• Pay attention to transition markers
as they help in predicting what
comes next
Listening Skills:
Transition Markers
• Change of direction
 But
 However
 Even though
 Furthermore

• Cause & effect

 because, so
Listening Skills:
Transition Markers

• Additional information

 In addition
 Moreover
 Furthermore
 And
Listening Skills:
Transition Markers
• Sequence
 First, second, third…
 Next
 Finally
 Last

• Illustration
 For example, such as, like
Listening Skills:
Transition Markers

• Conclusion
 As a result
 Therefore
 Hence
 Thus
 In conclusion
Listening Skills
A. Drawing Conclusion

• Think carefully what has been said

• Next, form a logical opinion
• Similar steps to making predictions
Listening Skills
A. Recognizing attitudes, roles &

• Attention to signals in spoken

discourse – tone, speed, volume &
quality of voice
• Attention to speakers’ choice of
Listening Skills
I. Listening Critically

• Distinguish fact from opinion

• Analyze & evaluate the
• Listen to all information critically
as speaker may say something
unreasonable, exaggerate or