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# Cik Chia Choo Bian

## Physics Assessment Format SPM 2010

Paper 1 - 4531/1 Paper 2 - 4531/2 Paper 3 - 4531/3 Peka Physics - 4531/4

QUESTION ELEMENTS
Knowledge (5 aspects) Understanding (4 aspects) Application (2 aspects) Problem solving (2 aspects) Conceptualizing (2 aspects) Decision making (1 aspect)

KNOWLEDGE
An ability to recall or to identify specific matters in the contents of Physics for example facts, concepts, principles, theories and laws.

Facts

principle concept

KNOWLEDGE
Theory law

## MASTER IT TO ANSWER 5 ASPECTS OF QUESTIONS

Question (Paper 1)
1. Period of pendulum oscillation is affected by A. mass of the pendulum B. length of the pendulum string C. type of pendulum

Question (Paper 2)
1. State the unit of current. (section A)

2. What is meant by specific heat capacity ? (section B) 3. What is meant by base quantity ? (section C)
17/7/07 2 Rejab 1428H

HRO

Question (Paper 3)
1. State the precaution of the experiment. (section A) 2. State the relationship between current and voltage. (Section A) 3. List the apparatus and materials (Section B)

## 17/7/07 2 Rejab 1428H

HRO

Strategies
1. Remember all the key words in the definition of a fact,concept,principle,teory and law. 2. Write them in a notebook under different categories such as facts, concepts, principles, teories and laws. 3. Create pictures to remember them. 4. Practise past year questions
17/7/07 2 Rejab 1428H

HRO

Understanding
Ability to translate, interpret, extrapolate and understand concept or principles in physics fields which involve the use of knowledge without new situation and do not require explanation about the implications towards the knowledge

Question (Paper 1)
1. Hand scalded by steam is more painful compare to hand scalded by boiling water because
A steam has a higher specific latent heat than water B steam loses heat slower to

## surrounding compare to water

C steam has a higher temperature

Question (Paper 2)

1. Before a football tournament, the ball to be used in the game must have a suitable pressure. Explain why a ball with less pressure is not suitable for the football tournament. [4 marks]

F
=

(mv mu) t

Ball with a suitable pressure have small/ less reaction time So the impulsive force is greater And the ball can go further

Question (Paper1,2)
1. A wooden block floats on the surface of liquid R and sinks in liquid S. The correct comparison of density is A liquid R is denser than liquid S B liquid S is denser than liquid R C liquid S is denser than wooden block D wooden block is denser than liquid R

Question Paper 2
(ii)

1. Diagram 1.2 shows micrometer screw gauge which measures diameter of glass rod. The micrometer screw gauge has zero error as shown in Diagram 1.1

(a) What is the reading of zero error of micrometer screw gauge? -0.03 mm (b) What is the diameter of the glass rod? 3.83 mm (-0.03 mm) = 3.86 mm

(c) What is the purpose of measuring of the diameter of the glass rod at several different places ?
increase accuracy / to get more accurate reading

(d) Why is the micrometer screw gauge more sensitive device compared to the vernier callipers? can detect a small change of reading

Question 2 [ Forces and Motion ] Diagram 2 shows a skydiver falls freely downwards before the parachute open

i Name and label the forces which act on the skydiver in Diagram 2..
weight and upthrust ii. Why must the skydiver open up his arms and legs wide when falling freely as shown in Diagram 2 Increases the surface area / Increases the air resistance

iii. After a while, the parachute opens and the skydiver keep falling until he reaches a constant velocity. Draw a velocity time graph to show the motion of the skydiver. v

Question 3 [ Light ] Diagram 3.1 shows an object O placed in front of a concave lens. (a) (i) Draw ray diagram to show the formation of image in Diagram 3.1.

## (ii) State two characteristics of the image formed

virtual, upright and diminished (b) The concave lens is then replaced with a convex mirror. Draw ray diagram to show the formation of image in Diagram 3.2

(ii) State a similar characteristic of the images in Diagrams 3.1 and 3.2.

## b.i. correct ray diagram ii virtual ,upright and diminished

Strategies
1. Practise past year questions in order to master the ability to translate, interpret ,extrapolate and understand concepts and principles. 2. Explain with physics concepts, principles, laws, theories and facts.

Application
Aspects
Example of key words: Apply Show Explain Solve Modify Relate Change Classify Picturise Illustrate Sketch Calculate

Use method, concept, theory in new situation (Qualitative) Solve problem using knowledge and understanding (Quantitative)

Question (P1,2,3)
A durian takes 3 seconds to drop from the tree to the ground. Ignoring air resistance, what is the height of the branch from which the durian drops? A 15 m B. 30 m Suggested answer : C. 45 m S = ut + a x t x t D. 50 m E. 60 m = 0 + x 10 x 3 x 3 = 45 m

Strategies

1. Remember all formulas 2. Understand all formulas 3. Practise lots of calculation questions 4. Create a book on formulas 5. Practise answering past year questions Paper 1

Problem Solving
The ability of using knowledge , scientific skills and thinking skills to solve physics problem qualitatively and or quantitatively. (Paper 2) The ability to solve physics problem by scientific investigation. (Paper 3)

## Question (Paper 2 Section B)

An earth-monitoring satellite falls into the earths atmosphere at high velocity and reaches a high temperature. This is caused by the earths gravitational force and air resistance. Using the appropriate physics concepts, suggest and explain suitable designs or ways to protect the satellite and its equipment : (i) from extreme heat (ii) from breaking up on landing

(i) heat resistant materials : prevent heat from entering High melting point materials : impregnable to being liquefied (ii) low-density materials : reduce impulsive force Rigid, light and strong materials : not easily breakable and dented Fitted with a parachute : increase air resistance, reduce velocity

Question (Paper 3)

## Refer to Paper 3 questions

Forces and Pressure] A automotive student ordered to investigate charecteristics of liquid for using in brake hydraulic system of car. Diagram 6 shows an arrangement of hydraulic.

Table 6 shows characteristic for four type liquid that using as brake liquid above.

## Liquid characteris tic A

B C D

Boiling point / C

## Specific heat capacity /J kg-1 C-1 140 2500 4200 2200

Density / kg m-3

Rate of vaporation

## Low Low Average High

Based on Table 6 above, describe the characteristics of liquid appropriation so that the liquid used as liquid in the apparatus above. Next select which liquid more appropriate used for this purpose. Give your reason.

Result:

Characteristics Explanation Reason Boiling point Specific heat capacity Density Rate of vaporation Liquid B is chosen High High So that liquid slow to heat So that it cant be easily hot Average High density, liquid more heavy Low Liquid volume will be decrease faster if rate of vaporation high Reasons: Boiling point high, specific heat capacity average, rate of vaporation low

Strategies

## Refer to general strategies

CONCEPTUALISATION

The ability to reason by identifying and analysing common characteristics or variables and synthesis the common characteristic or relation with variables to create a physics concept.

CONCEPTUALISATION
CRITERIA
- list common characteristics

correctly - classify or explain common characteristic or variables correctly - relate characteristic and variables to create concept correctly with identical justification.

## Question (Paper 2 Section B

Diagram 1 Diagram 2

Diagram 1 shows : Daniel is drinking with a straw Diagram 2 shows : An empty syringe is dipped in water and the syringe piston is pulled up. From the diagrams state the identical characteristics ,explain the phenomenon and name the science concept involved

Diagram 2 Diagram 1 water flows/ gets into the straw Diagram 2 water flows into the syringe When air molecule are sucked up, air pressure inside the straw decreases. The external pressure (atmospheric pressure ) which is higher pushes the water into the mouth / the straw. When the piston is pulled up , air pressure inside the straw decreases . External pressure (atmospheric) which is higher pushes the water into the syringe. Physics concept : atmospheric pressure

Diagram 1

Question : Compare the diagrams below and relate the relationship between their focal 5 marks lengths and the curvature of mirrors
Curved mirror J Curved mirror K

Diagram 1.1

Diagram 1.2

SPM 2004

Mirror K is more curve / K is more concave. Distance of F from P of mirror J is further than mirror K. Reflected rays from both mirrors pass through F, focal point. Incident rays passing through C from both mirrors are reflected along CP, radius of curvature. Curvature increases, focal length decreases.
5 marks

CRITERIA - state logical sort of choosing - explain completely and correctly the importance of choosing the characteristic towards the problem. - evaluate correctly and logically the contribution from all alternatives towards making the most excellent decision. The ability to choose the most suitable alternative concur with the objective.

DECISION MAKING

Diagram 4.1 shows an electromagnet being used to lift scrap mental. Diagram 4.2 shows the same electromagnet being to lift a bigger quantity of scrap metal when the current flowing through it is increased

Diagram 4.1

Diagram 4.2

## Based on the information and observation:

(a) State one suitable inference. (b) State one hypothesis that could be investigated. (c) With the use of apparatus such as soft iron core, insulated copper wire, pins and other apparatus, describe an experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b)

## In your description, state clearly the following:

(i) The aim of the experiment. (ii) The variables in the experiment. (iii) The list of apparatus and materials. (iv) The arrangement of the apparatus. (v) The procedure used in the experiment. Describe how to control the manipulated variable and how to measure the responding variable.

(vi) The way to tabulate the data. (vii) The way to analyse the data.

## 4(a) State a suitable inference

Strength of an electromagnet is influenced by an electric current.

Reject: Mass

## 4(b) State a hypothesis

When the electric current increase, the strength of the electromagnet increases. Accept: (Effect) Current / voltage/ number of dry cell/ battery/ power

## 4(c) State the aim of the experiment

(i) Aim: To investigate the relationship between electric current and the strength of electromagnet (ii) Variable: manipulated: Electric current/ voltage/ number of cell/ power responding: Strength of the electromagnet/ number of pins/ paper clip Reject: quantity of scrap mental ( Note: Constant variable can be ignored)

## 4c (iii) State the apparatus and materials

Apparatus and Material: d.c power supply, rheostat, pins, ammeter, voltage, soft iron core, insulated copper wire, beaker, retort stand, switch.

## 4c (iv) State the functional arrangement of the apparatus

Soft iron core rheostat Insulated copper wire

A
ammeter

Pins

4c(v) Procedure:
State the method to control the manipulated variable The d.c. power supply is switch on and the rheostat is adjusted until the ammeter reading is 0.1A State the method to control the responding variable The number of pins attracted to the iron core is counted/ measure/ recorded

Repeat the experiment at least 4 times. Repeat the previous steps using current of 0.2A, 0.3 A, 0.4 A dan 0.5 A.

## 4c (vi) State how the data is tabulated

Electric current/A 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 Number of pins attracted

## 4c(vii) State how data is analysed

Plot a graph of strength of an electromagnet against the electric current / a graph of the number of pins attracted against electric current.
Number of pins attracted

Electric current/ A

PHYSICS 1
PAPER 1 , CODE 4531/1 50 Questions Only 3 elements are being tested : knowledge, understanding and application.

PHYSICS 2
PAPER 2 , CODE 4531/2 Questions consists of three sections SECTION A STRUCTURED QUESTION: 8 COMPULSORY QUESTIONS SECTION B ESSAY QUESTION : 2 QUESTIONS (CHOOSE ONE) SECTION C ESSAY QUESTION : 2 QUESTIONS (CHOOSE ONE)

## ELEMENT AND NUMBER OF QUESTIONS (SECTION A)

QUESTION NO. 1 ELEMENT
KNOWLEDGE UNDERSTANDING KNOWLEDGE UNDERSTANDING APPLICATION

MARKS

## ELEMENT AND NUMBER OF QUESTIONS (SECTION A)

QUESTION KNOWLEDGE 6 3 UNDERSTANDING MARKS APPLICATION QUESTION KNOWLEDGE 7 UNDERSTANDING MARKS 4 APPLICATION

## QUESTION KNOWLEDGE 8 5 UNDERSTANDING MARKS APPLICATION

QUESTION 6

ELEMENT KNOWLEDGE UNDERSTANDING CONCEPTUALISE KNOWLEDGE UNDERSTANDING APPLICATION PROBLEM SOLVING KNOWLEDGE APPLICATION DECISION MAKING

MARKS 8

10

12

PAPER 2
ELEMENT AND NUMBER OF QUESTIONS (SECTION B and C )

SECTION B Two questions CHOOSE ONE SECTION C Two questions CHOOSE ONE

## Section B , choose one

QUESTION NO. 9
10

ELEMENT
KNOWLEDGE UNDERSTANDING CONCEPTUALISE PROBLEM SOLVING

MARKS
1 4 5 10
TOTAL= 20

## Section C , choose one

QUESTION NO. 11
12

ELEMENT
KNOWLEDGE UNDERSTANDING APPLICATION DECISION MAKING

MARKS
1 4 5 10
TOTAL = 20

PHYSICS 3
PAPER 3 , CODE 4531/3 Questions consist of two sections SECTION A STRUCTURED QUESTIONS 2 COMPULSORY QUESTIONS SECTION B ESSAY QUESTION 2 QUESTIONS (CHOOSE ONE)