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Japan in World War II & Hiroshima

By: Lauren Rocha and Francisco Hernandez

Prologue

Conflict between Japan and the United States and Britain


Rejected racial equality clause in Treaty of Paris of 1919 U.S Congress passes Exclusion Act in 1924 Economic Crisis
Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 Great Depression in 1929

Military takes over government in the 1930s


Kwantung Army occupies Manchuria

1933 Japan withdrew from League of Nations

Japan vs. China


1937 Sino-Japanese War
Who started shot first? August, Japanese Naval Officer killed by Chinese Troops. Japan occupies entire coast of China until 1945 Also occupy French Indochina (Vietnam)

1940 Japan joins Germany and Italy in the Tripartite Pact

U.S and Britain start an oil boycott Japan captures Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) for oil Starts war with U.S and Britain LEADS TO..

ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR


General Tojo Hideki gives the order to bomb Pearl Harbor and other islands in the Pacific

Pacific War
1941 Guam and Wake Island surrender to Japan In 1942 the Philippines, the Dutch East Indies, Hong Kong, Malaya, Singapore and Burma fall to Japan Turning Point: Battle of Midway Allies begin island hopping, conquering Japan in each one In 1945, U.S invades Iwo Jima and Okinawa

Kamikaze Strategy

U.S. Bombs Japan


U.S had been bombing many cities of Japan
Tokyo Yokohama Hamamatsu Nagoya Osaka Kobe Etc.

A survivor described the damage to people: The appearance of people was . . . well, they all had skin blackened by burns. . . . They had no hair because their hair was burned, and at a glance you couldn't tell whether you were looking at them from in front or in back. . . . They held their arms bent [forward] like this . . . and their skin - not only on their hands, but on their faces and bodies too - hung down. . . . If there had been only one or two such people . . . perhaps I would not have had such a strong impression. But wherever I walked I met these people. . . . Many of them died along the road - I can still picture them in my mind -like walking ghosts.

Little Boy
Name of the atomic bomb that hit Hiroshima Exploded 1,900 feet above the city The mushroom cloud climbed about 40,000 feet into the sky Approximately 70,000 people died instantly 70,000 more people died over 5 years due to radiation Fat Man, the 2nd Atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki

August 14, 1945 Emperor Showa surrendered unconditionally. August 28,1945 Japan was officially at peace.

Works Cited
The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Japan. New York: Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge, 1993. Print. Pages 95-105. Hiroshima and Nagasaki. http://history1900s.about.com/od/worldwarii /a/hiroshima.htm. (Accessed March 2012). Militarism and WW2 (1912-1945). http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2129.html. (Accessed March 2012).

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