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k solanki 02 Sanjay Vishwakarma 03 Suzan menezes 06 Pranav Thakkar 07

Definition :It is a systematic framework which helps managers to develop their business strategies by appraising their internal and external determinants of their organization's performance.
Situation Analysis / Internal Analysis /\ Strengths Weaknesses \ External Analysis /\ Opportunities Threats

Internal environmental factors include :Leadership talent Human resource capabilities, The companys culture Effectiveness of its policies and procedures. External environmental factors include :Competition Government legislation Changing trends Social expectations.

Definition:The process of converting raw materials, components, or parts into finished goods that meet a customer's expectations or specifications.
Manufacturing commonly employs a manmachine setup with division of labor in a large scale production.

This crucial sector is central to the creation and retention of good jobs and a good standard of living for working families. Manufacturing firms are especially valuable to the economy because when they export goods, they bring back to their communities much of the wealth earned from sales around the country and the world. Manufacturing enables to provide people with different goods, as well as, employment.

The creation of goods, services or utility, which means satisfying human wants and needs.

IRELANDs manufacturing sectors had another strong month in October, with production levels rising by 13.4% on a yearon-year basis and by 7.3% when measured against the preceding month. The high-tech and chemical-driven "modern" sector saw a monthly increase of 9.2% while the "traditional" sector experienced a 0.9% rise.

"We continue to believe that when the world economy regains momentum, Ireland is better placed than most to take advantage of that, and we still think a strong manufacturing production/export performance will provide the platform for a sustainable Irish economic recovery over the next few years.

"Ireland has a number of high-value sectors which are relatively immune to the normal business cycle trends, and these are helping to underpin our continued healthy export performance. "Improved competitiveness has also meant that Irish firms are growing market share," said INEC chief economist Fergal OBrien said. "However, the latest figures show that not all sectors are immune from the euro zone slowdown. The drop in output in the engineering and plastics sectors is a concern."

Irelands initial plan to attract manufacturing to Ireland was through the use of tax incentives. Currently the Irish Government offer manufacturing companies a very competivitive corporate tax rate of 12.5%. Irelands tax is half that of the next competitor which is China at 25% .

Irelands weaknesses are based around costs namely energy costs, waste management costs, local authority charges and legal service costs. Waste management in Ireland currently has a poor image compared to other European countries. Currently the country is the second most expensive country for non-hazardous waste and the most expansive for biological waste

Government have invested 8.2 billion through the National Development Plan 2007 2013 on the Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation Third level education result the Irish workforce is increasingly becoming more skilled and educated. They will provide 1.25 million over a 5 year period for the research groups to set up and carry out innovative research.

Ireland has a high inflation rate compared to other countries in Europe in recent years. Competition on the international front is another threat to manufacturing in Ireland. larger populations and are offering manufacturing companies the opportunity to operate in their countries at competitive costs, most notably with cheaper labour costs.

The Indian economy expanded at its slowest pace in more than two years in the July-September quarter, hurt by high local borrowing costs and a deepening euro-zone crisis. Aggressive rate increases by the Reserve Bank of India over the past 20 months to cool inflation have crimped industrial expansion, adding to pressure from a gloomy global economy that has hurt demand for exports. The slow pace of economic reform and a series of graft charges against the government have further soured investor sentiment, affecting foreign investment.

India's GDP Growth Slows to 6.9%

Social & Personal Services Financial, Real Estate & Business Services Transport and Communication Trade, Hotels & Restaurants Construction Electric Gas & Water


13.10% 14.60% 12.10% 15.90% 7.20% 2.00%

Mining Agriculture

Social & Personal Services, 13.10% Financial, Real Transport and Estate & Business Communication, Services, 14.60% 12.10% Trade, Hotels & Resturants, 15.90%

2.00% 17.80%

Agriculture, 17.80% Mining, 2.00% Manufacturing, 15.20% Elecrtric Gas & Water, 2.00% Construction, 7.20%

Vast Industrial Presence in both Public and Private Sectors Huge demand for Domestic Industrial goods. Avail of Low-cost, Skilled Human Resources. Proactive government continued thrust on reforms- Further liberalization under process. Increasing investment in real assets (Capacity Expanding), Inflow of FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) across Industrial sector.

Presence of Vast Industrial sickness Outdated labor laws, and presence of too many political labor and trade union. Nascent Regulatory systems to check misuse of market power by firms. Dependency of Subsidies(SSI Small scale industries) Inadequate and poor quality infrastructure cost and time delays.

Growing Competition of Indian industry due to focus on efficient and quality. Vast export marked to explore. Growing recognition of Made in India brand in global market Major growth through outscoring opportunities Presence of Deming award winning firms (Focus on quality) Growing number of overseas investment and acquisition by Indian Firms.

Heavy competition in manufacturing field from china. Power crises and the virtuous growth cycling manufacturing sector. Large informal sector, Poor working condition and low wages. Inclusion of social (Labor) issues in trade dialogues could happens exports (e.g., Child labor) High corruption and inadequate environmental safety norms could affect sustainability.

Zimbabwe has a well developed industrial infrastructure and manufacturing sector, being one of the strongest and most diversified in Sub-Saharan Africa. Manufacturing is the highest single contributor to the country's GDP accounting for more than a third of the countrys exports. The manufacturing sector is diversified, producing many different products as well as absorbing much of the agricultural and mining output. Close to 60 countries have invested in Zimbabwe so far with the highest investments coming from China, Germany and Switzerland. Zimbabwe has access to regional and international markets through its membership of numerous international trade agreements.

With tariff reductions and the region moving towards a free market and the 2014 target of a customs union and free movement of factors of production fast approaching, it is essential that empirical evidence of the benefits that such measures bring be quantified.
The Trade

and Manufacturing sectors recognize the need to produce quality statistics, in order to better:(i) define and measure development outcomes, (ii) identify development issues, (iii) inform policy design and debate (iv) facilitate planning, implementation, monitoring and measuring the impact of development interventions in the sector.

Agriculture Transport and Communication Manufacturing Tourism Electricity and Water Mining Others
35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0%
32% 19% 14% 14% 10% 5% 6%

19% 14% 14% 10% 5% 6% 32%

The sector contributes significantly to gross domestic output, export
earnings and employment. Office Space is available Quality transport and financial infrastructure along with a welltrained labour force could facilitate efforts to revive the economy.

Unequipped offices Demotivated workforce Lack of skills in statistical packages Lack of appreciation of statistics by policy makers and top management Lack of specific financial allocation for statistical programmes in the sector budget Absence of coordination mechanisms

Formation of Trade and Manufacturing Sector Statistics Committee. The manufacturing sector also provides considerable input of consumables to the mining industry as well as processing minerals for export. They are in negotiated agreements which provide for preferential duties on exports to various countries.

Decisions based on inaccurate information. Zimbabwean product systems are expensive compared to other products in the region due to the high cost of funding and inefficient production systems, which puts pressure on prices. High cost of production, coupled with low levels of capacity utilization and inferior product quality has largely rendered Zimbabwe's manufactured goods uncompetitive both on the regional and international markets.

Rank as GDP GDP GDP ($) Inflation Population Literacy Rate Life Expectancy Sex Ratio 173 3% US$ 212.792 billion 2.5% 4.2 mn 99% 80.19 yrs 1000 / 981 4 8.50% US$1.25 trillion 9.34% 1.21 billion 74.04% 69.89 yrs 940 / 1000 198 8.2%

US$8.1 billion
4.80% 12.52 mn 91.10% 49.6 yrs 981 / 1000

Country Ireland India Zimbabwe

Inflation in 2011
10.00% 8.00% 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% Ireland India 2.50% 9.34%

2011 2.50% 9.34% 4.80%





2010 - 11


Ireland India Zimbabwe

120,000,000.00 100,000,000.00 80,000,000.00

123,564.00 84,553,364.38 22,902.89

126,729.00 114,264,897.18 51,575.27

2.56% 35.14 125.19%

40,000,000.00 20,000,000.00 Ireland India Zimbabwe