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ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Alcatel 1000 MM E10

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

A NEXT GENERATION SWITCH

Alcatel 1000 MM E10

Multimedia Multiservices Switch


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

UMTS Value added servers


WAP IN SMSC VM

WLL - Fixed Cellular Terminal

GSM Full mobility Restricted mobility Fixed radio RITL FITL DECT

UTRAN

LEO/GEO
HLR

Audio Server
IP

PoP for Online Services Alcatel 1000 MM NB Network


NM

NB/BB services

ADSL
NMC

Local management OSS


NT

BB Network

ISDN

Centralized management

PABX
NB services
Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

POTS

OSS

VIETNAM

October 2001

ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Program Objectives why a new Core?


New

Objectives

More capacity and performances Multi-media switching UMTS / Broadband ready New integrated interface Technology compatibility Open up to information technology Reduced Footprint

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

Multi-processor station for Call Control (8 MBHCA/ 16384 PCM ) ATM Matrix UMTS Transcoder ATM interfaces (A7670) PCM over SDH-STM1 interface Inter-Working Unit Echo Canceller in pool With Software reuse Hardware architecture compatible Unix servers New packaging
VIETNAM October 2001

Principles/Characteristics
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Multi-service One equipment able to perform all functions Fixed or mobile, Local or transit Modular and scalable Applies to both capacity and functions Compatibility hardware and software evolve independently Quality of service Same level of service for Voice over circuit (PSTN) or voice over packet Service guarantee Preserves the revenue generated by carrier grade services like IN
Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10 VIETNAM October 2001

Principles/Characteristics
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Service enhancements Packet capability enables future services Billing Facilitates billing through the generation of CDRs for any type of communication - circuit or packet Interoperability Guarantees interoperability between national and international data networks High capacity Integrated high capacity terminations such as SDH STM1 (VC12)

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


CAPACITY

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Capacity / Scalability

Maximum Capacity
NB terminations : 16,384 PCM Equivalent
Throughput : 80 Gbits/s BHCA = 8,000,000 (2,500,000 with 100% IN)

Traffic > 200,000 Erlang

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Exchange capability

Scalability
From small configuration - 250 KBHCA to 8MBHCA Smooth scalability - expansions without traffic disturbance Example 250,000 BHCA = 2 Racks 1,500,000 BHCA = 5 Racks > 5,400,000 BHCA = 12 racks

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Exchange capability

Interfaces
Physical E1 - maximum 16,000 STM1 - maximum 512 Signalling Interfaces CAS - Decadic and R2 CCS7 ISUP national - International ISUP SCCP, TCAP, INAP (CS1) V5.x A AAL2 (BICC) DSS1 - ISDN BRA/PRA
Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10 VIETNAM October 2001

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Exchange capability

CSNMM
Subscribers = 5120 POTS (1280 ADSL) 2000 subscribers per rack Traffic = 400 Erlang Subscribers Analog - ordinary and special ISDN - BRA & PRA ADSL with bypass of the switch V5.1 Leased lines - 64 kbps All subscriber boards plug to plug compatible
Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10 VIETNAM October 2001

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


FUNCTIONAL ARCHITECTURE

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Hardware- Software

Distributed and scalable architecture Built around


Hardware = Multi-processor Stations (SM) A powerful multi-processor multi-purpose platform Software = Logical Machines (ML) A piece of software that handles all the facets of a telephony service SM/ML combinations The hardware and software for a particular exchange are scaled to meet the traffic requirements

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Product architecture
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Current platform
LAN STS SDH/STM1

Access

Local Subscribers

Remote subscribers

CSN RCX Switching Matrix 2048 PCM SMT SMA A SMM SMC SMC

SDH TM Network 2 Mbps

CSN
2 Mbps PDH/SDH PRA Fixed-radio subscribers GSM subscribers AN

SMT

V.5.x

RCP

GSM/BSS

TMN SM = Mutiprocessor station

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Product architecture
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MM platform
LAN STS SMB-TU IWU SDH/ATM TU Rseau SDH SDH/STM1 SMT

Access
Remote subscribers
CSN
PDH/SDH CSN TU SDH

2 Mbps

SMT SMA

RCH Switching Matrix 16384 PCM

PRA Fixed-radio subscribers GSM subscribers UMTS subscribers

V.5.x
AN

A
A7670 / TC

Servers Unix

2 Mbps
RCP

GSM/BSS
SMM

SMB

SMB

Iu

LANs Ethernet

UTRAN

To external OS-IS

TMN
Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10 VIETNAM October 2001

SMB Station
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Main characteristics

Based on ACPWU card (PowerPC processor) : agent New technology composed of cards and appliques MMB Bus for communication between agent : 400 Mbit/s Local Bus for agent intra-communication : 200Mbit/s Global objective of performance by using a PowerPC processor : x 7 (in comparison with the current technology) : 1 PU = 70 caps (in high efficiency)
Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10 VIETNAM October 2001

SMB Station
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Functional Architecture

Appliques

AATRA AATRA

AAETH

AAAUX

AAMLA AAMLA

XXX

AASBT/ AATAD

LOCAL BUS

LOCAL BUS

LOCAL BUS

Board

ACPWU (Processor)

ACPWU

ACAUX (Auxiliaries)

ACMPR (coupler MP, N7)

ACPWU

MMB BUS @ 400 Mbit/s CMP PU AUX CSMP XXX

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

SMB Station
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Different types of SMB

Configuration-dependant (customer needs)


SMB_C (Control) : CMP (+ CMS )+ PU x n SMB_A (Auxiliaries) : CMP (+CMS )+ PU + CSMP x m SMB_CA : CMP + PU x n + CSMP x m SMB_XT (Matrix-TU) : CMP + PU + AUX SMB_CAXT : CMP + PU x n + CSMP x m + AUX SMB_G (Gateway) : CMP

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

TU SDH VC12
ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Payload TDM : SDH/STM1 interface carrying 63 PCM Connected to ATM switch matrix with High bit rate links Interfaces :
Optical : S1.1 (G957) Electrical (G703)
EPS (Equipment Protection Switch) : N + 1 (N 12) APS (Automatic Protection Switch) Optical interface ALS (Automatic Laser Shutdown)

Protection / Securization :

only

63 x PCM TM SDH transmission network

TM
A1000 MM

A1000 MM

1 x 155 Mbit/s

ADM
VIETNAM

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

October 2001

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


ATM SWITCH MATRIX

ATM Switching: RCH


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Use of the ATM technique for narrow-band switching (Composite ATM) Compatibility ensured with existing technology
Defense: duplication mechanisms as for RCX Same interfaces with SMT, CSNL, SMA

Compactness
Huge reduction of boards and racks Reduced Power consumption

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

ATM Switching: RCH


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Principle

Since the Alcatel 1000 E10s ATM matrix is a cell switching device, 64 Kbit/s channels to/from ATM cell adaptation is performed
Time Slot mapping into cell 128 PCM cell demapping to Time Slot ATM switching matrix cell switching

Principle: 3 functions

ATM link 622 Mb/s

128 PCM

RCTCA

BBASE

Implementation with 2 basic elements

622 Mb/s

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

ATM Switching: RCH


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Composite ATM (TCA 1/2)

Converting voice circuits into/from ATM cells must be delay free All Time slots bound to the same destination are loaded in the same ATM Virtual Circuit (VC) every 125 s (no packetisation delay)
ASE
TCA TCA

128 LR

Composite cells 64 Kbit/s Time Slots

TCA

TCA

One or several VC (depending on traffic load) lead to that destination (the VCs to cross the ASE are established dynamically) Cell delivery time is mastered by the CBR AAL1 service category

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

ATM Switching: RCH


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Composite ATM (TCA 2/2)

To line up with the switch internal connectivity, the RCH also uses the LR as input/output link format:
8 bits speech or data information Supplementary check bits to provide per channel protection through the RCH.
ATM cell

Header (5 octets)
AAL1

Payload (48 octets)

Voice channels (40 octets)

Protection (7 octets) for the 40 voice channels

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

ATM Switching: RCH


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

ATM Switching Element (ASE)

The ASE board (ATM Switching Element) is the basic ATM matrix
16 x 622 Mbits input/output ports (10 Gbit/s)

It enables connecting:
PCMs through the TCA (narrowband) High bit rate links (for new TU) any mix of the above !

0 1

ASE

16 x 622 Mbit/s ATM ports for the switching


15

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

ATM Switching: RCH


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Configuration for 2048 PCM max

One single ASE board enables connecting:


16 x TCA 128 PCMs = 2048 PCMs
128 PCMs TC A 0 1 ASE

One branch represented

128 PCMs TC A 15

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

ATM Switching: RCH


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Configuration for 4096 PCM max


4 0 8-11 1 2 3 ASE_1 0 4 5 6 4 7 12-15 4 0 8-11 1 2 3 ASE_1 1 4 5 6 12-15 4 7

4 ASE boards (first stage) + 2 ASE boards (second stage) enable connecting:
32 x TCA 128 PCMs = 4096 PCMs

0-3 4-7 ASE_2 0

Switching capacity: 20 Gbit/s

12-15

0-3 4-7 ASE_2 1 12-15

4
0 8-11 1 2 3 ASE_1 4 3 5 4 6 12-15 7

One branch represented

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

ATM Switching: RCH


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Configuration for 8192 PCM max


2 0 8-9 1 2 3 ASE_1 0 4 5 6 2 7 14-15
0 1 2 3 ASE_1 1 4 5 6 14-15 2 7

8 ASE boards (first stage) + 4 ASE boards (second stage) enable connecting:
64 x TCA 128 PCMs = 8192 PCMs

0-1 2-3 ASE_2 0

2 8-9

14-15

Switching capacity: 40 Gbit/s

0-1 2-3 ASE_2 3 0 8-9 1 2 3 ASE_1 4 7 5 6 2 14-15 7

2
14-15

One branch represented

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

ATM Switching: RCH


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Configuration for 16384 PCM max


1 0 8 1 2 3 ASE_1 0 4 5 6 1 7 15
0 1 2 3 ASE_1 1 4 5 6 15 1 7

16 ASE boards (first stage) + 8 ASE boards (second stage) enable connecting:
128 x TCA = 16384 PCMs

0
1 ASE_2 0

1 8
15

Switching capacity: 80 Gbit/s

0 1 ASE_2 7 0 9 1 2 3 ASE_1 4 15 5 6 1 15 7

1
15

One branch represented

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


MANAGEMENT

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Management

Performed by SMM station


Duplicated - active/standby mode Can be connected to network management center SMM consists of two half stations each containing
An

SM station bus BSM A primary processor PUS and associated memory A primary multiplex line driver for communication on interstation LAN Connection to two SCSI bus Link with telecom bus Connection with other half station

Terminals PCs or work stations


Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10 VIETNAM October 2001

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

SCSI bus Inter-station LAN

Management

CMP

PUP BSM

Common memory

MC

Duplex

SCSI
line driver

line driver

COM

UCA

Telecom Bus ASL Alarm J64

line driver

line driver

line driver

Asynchronous Link
Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

Alarm
VIETNAM

X.25 links
October 2001

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


IN ATM ENVIRONMENT

Voice Over ATM


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ADSL

Alcatel 1000 MM E10 MultiMedia Platform


NB call control

Principle
BICC CS1 Signalling

CSN

Local Loop Op.


Indirect Access

TDM TU

ATM Switch Fabric

TDM TU
VoATM

PSTN Networks ATM Network

GW

Cheaper Networking with Voice over ATM (ITU-T/BICC std.)

AN
WirelineWireless & Mobile Access

AAL2

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

PRINCIPLES
ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

BICC CS1 ISN CSF BCF BIWF ISUP

Bearer Independent Call Control Capability set 1 defined end 99 at ITU Interface Serving Node Call Service Function Bearer Control Function Bearer InterWorking Function BICC CSF SS7 network BICC CSF

ISUP

BCF TDM

UNI ATM network

UNI

BCF

TDM

BIWF ISN

BIWF ISN

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


PACKAGING

Packaging
ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Characteristics

3 configurations of sub-racks

1 fan unit sub-rack


sub-equipment possible no rack-wiring
wiring between appliques

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Packaging
ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Subracks list

SMB
(10 slots)

SMB
(10 slots)

==> 2 backplanes SMB_10


AB2S

RCH
branch A

TU

RCH
branch B

==>
IBTUX

1 backplane TU 2 backplanes RCH ( 2 Branches )

SMB
(5 slots)

RCH
branch A

SMB

RCH

==>
ABX2S

(5 slots) branch B

2 backplanes SMB_5 2 backplanes RCH ( 2 Branches )

U.V.

1 standard fan unit

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Packaging
ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Example

RCH

TU

RCH

SMB

SMB

SMB

RCH

SMB

RCH

SMB

SMB

SMB

SMB

SMB

SMB

RCH

TU

RCH

SMB

SMB

RCH

TU

RCH

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Technology comparison
ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Current / MM E10
E10MM technology RCH, SMB PCM (SMT2G) 14 1200 13 kW E10MM technology RCH, SMB SDH 5 350 9,5 kW

Configuration 2000 PCMs Number of racks Number of boards Power consumption

Current Technology 21 2500 23 kW

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Conclusion
ARCHITECTS OF AN INTERNET WORLD

Alcatel 1000 MM E10


Multi-service Multi-media platform QoS High capacity - CAPEX and OPEX savings Flexibility User Friendly A step closer to NGN

Deploy ATM-based Alcatel 1000 MM E10

and you are ready for the future

Alcatel VND - A1000 MM E10

VIETNAM

October 2001

Architects of an Internet World