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Project Title

Implementation Of SCADA on Power Distributed System

4/14/2012

Department Of Electrical Engineering

Project Advisor
Dr. Umer Farooq (Assistant Professor)

4/14/2012

Department Of Electrical Engineering

Group Members
Muhammad Ali Tahir
Furqan Ali Shoaib saleh Zohaib Hassan

(BTE-SP09-040)
(BTE-SP09-026) (BTE-SP09-076) (BTE-SP09-090)

4/14/2012

Department Of Electrical Engineering

Introduction
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA)
o

SCADA is an acronym for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition.

SCADA systems are used to monitor and control a plant or equipment in industries
o o

SCADA system enables a site operator to monitor and control processes

These systems encompass the transfer of data between a SCADA central host computer and a number of Remote Terminal Units (RTUs)
o o A SCADA system

gathers information , transfers the information back to a central site, and display the information in a logical and organized fashion
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Components of the SCADA system


SCADA systems consist of: Remote Unit: One or more field data interface devices, usually Remote Terminal Units (RTUs), which interface to field sensing devices and local control switchboxes and valve actuators. Communication Mode: A communications system used to transfer data between field data interface devices and control units and the computers in the SCADA central host. The system can be radio, telephone, cable, satellite, etc., or any combination of these.

Master Unit: A central host computer server or servers (sometimes called a SCADA Center, master station, or Master Terminal Unit (MTU).
Software (SCADA HMI Software): A collection of standard and/or custom software [sometimes called Human Machine Interface (HMI) software or Man Machine Interface (MMI) software] systems used to provide the SCADA central host and operator terminal application, support the communications system, and monitor and control remotely located field data interface devices

4/14/2012

Department Of Electrical Engineering

Objectives
Remote sites data monitoring. Monitoring of voltages, currents, power and frequency of power distributed system. Transfer of data using GSM communication. Collect & manage data of the remote areas. Send SMS to a monitoring center. Establishing a Human Machine Interface to monitor the data in a well mannered fashion.

4/14/2012

Department Of Electrical Engineering

Methodology
o Electrical parameters (Voltages, currents and frequency) will be
measured at remote site.

o We will multiplex the data of above mentioned parameters.


o We will connect Remote Terminal Units (RTUs) to GSM module by
using microcontroller.

o GSM module will receive data from RTUs and will send SMS packets to
control room.

o In control room GSM module will receive SMS packets & will place it in
SCADA (HMI software in PC).

o We will connect the GSM module with PC by using serial port.

4/14/2012

Department Of Electrical Engineering

Methodology

4/14/2012

Department Of Electrical Engineering

Methodology
At Remote Sites:
o Voltages. Current and frequency of line is measured.
o Data will be encoded to ASCII. o Data will be transferred to control room.

4/14/2012

Department Of Electrical Engineering

Methodology
In control Room:
o o o

Data will be received. Data will be decoded. Data will be placed in SCADA .

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Department Of Electrical Engineering

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Features
o We are providing general solution.

o The proposed implementation of our project is the system that will solve
the problem of continuous monitoring.

o Control of data acquisition system with the help of cheap wireless


communication.

o No need of service personnel to visit each site


o Industrial implementation of our project is WAPDA.

4/14/2012

Department Of Electrical Engineering

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Time Lines
Task\Month
Literature Review & Equipment Acquisition Training and simulation period Implementation Thesis
March April May June July August SeptemberOctober November January -December

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Department Of Electrical Engineering

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Tools
SOFTWARE:

HARDWARE:

SCADA (HMI) software Microcontroller Development Tool (Mikro C) Proteus (for circuit simulations) C-language (for serial port communication)

Transformer GSM Module A/D Converters PIC Microcontrollers PC

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Department Of Electrical Engineering

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Applications
oPumping Stations Clear Water, Sewage & Irrigation oElectricity Generation , Distribution & Utility oChemical Industry oMilitary & Defense oMedical Sector oMeteorological Applications oMining & Extraction Industry oOil, Gas & Petroleum Industry oAny Manufacturing & Process Industry oSurvey Labs for Critical Data Collection & Analysis oR & D Departments oEngineering College Labs oRemote Monitoring & Switching of Electrical Systems /Systems oMonitoring of Refrigerated Vans & Cold Storage
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References
o NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM, Supervisory Control and
Data Acquisition (SCADA) Systems, NCS TIB 04-1 ,October 2004.

o Keith Stouffer, Joe Falco , Karen Kent, Guide to Supervisory Control


and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Industrial Control Systems Security , September 2006.

o www.controlsysinc.com/SCADAApplications.htm. o www.dpstele.com/.../scada/applications_of_scada.php - United


States.

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Department Of Electrical Engineering

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