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SHAPING THE FUTURE

PRESENTED BY: V.SAINADHA


A.SOUJANYA

CONTENTS
1. ABSTRACT

2. WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY ?
3. HISTROY 4. EXISTENCE IN REAL WORLD 5. INDIAN SCENARIO 6. NANO DEVICES

7. APPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
8. CONCLUSION

STONE AGE

WORKSHED IN BRONZE AGE

WHATS NEXT

WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY?

Nanotechnology is defined as the application of science and scientific knowledge at nanoscale for industrial or commercial objectives.

Nanotechnology was conceived in 1959,when Nobel Laureate physicist Richard P. Feynman gave a lecture titled Theres plenty of Room at the bottom and it outlined the theoretical concept of manipulating atoms to build molecules. Dr Feynman explained that the principles of physics dont deny the possibility of manipulating things atom by atom .Dr Feynman is therefore credited with being the first person to advance the possibility of molecular assembly.

EXISTENCE OF NANO IN REAL - WORLD An Israel company, has developed a pill-size video camera that can travel through the digestive track and transmit pictures along the way providing a less invasive technique to examine the small intestine. This video camera uses a miniature CMOS video imaging chip and white LED as a light source. IBM scientists have developed a vast assembly of transistors using materials only a few molecules wide, taking a major step toward much thinner and powerful computers.

THE INDIAN SCENARIO:

IndiaNano is an initiative supported by the US and INDIAN research organizations, investment firms and corporations aimed at developing a platform for collaboration between entrepreneurs and service providers in order to harness the benefits of advances in materials and manufacturing , electronics, medicine and healthcare, environment and energy management , chemicals, biotechnology, agriculture, information technology, and national security that have been enabled by the break throughs in Nanotechnology.

NANODEVICES:

Computers have been getting smaller faster and cheaper because of advances in silicon technology. In fact since 1975 the number of transistors on a semiconductor chip has doubled every 18 months. A microprocessor today has approximately 40 million transistors, by 2020 it could have 5 billion. Programmable nanodevice.

NANOTUBES:

Carbon nanotubes are an exotic variation of common graphite. The characteristics of nanotubes are as follows. 1. Emission of electrons at a relatively low voltage. 2. Minimal power requirement. 3. High current densities. A single nanotube with a natural junction where a straightsection joined to a helical section is called single wall nanotube. Nanotubes have a special feature that they are about six times lighter & ten times stronger than steel.

CARBON NANOTUBES

SOFT NANOTUBES

ROBOTIC SURGICAL SYSTEM :

APPLICATIONS OF THE NANOTECHNOLOGY :

Automotive industry
Chemical industry

Engineering
Electronic industry

Construction
Medicine

Molecular nanotechnology :

Future Growth Through


NANOTECHNOLOGY

CONCLUSION: In the nanoworld chemical reactions can occur much more quickly, electrons move faster, heat is conducted much better, batteries can last longer without being charged. The materials are much stronger. Nanotechnology as a scientific and technological thrust encompasses the best of many opportunities afforded to the scientific, engineering, industrial communities. Todays advances offer tremendous possibilities & also tremendous risks-and were just going to learn to live with both of them.

References

www.nanotech-now.com Electronics For You magazine Nanotechnology by Ralph C.Merkle Nanotech by Jack Dann