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Day 23 April

th 19

Chapter 16

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4/19 Today Chapter 16 4/24 Chapter 16 4/26 End CH 16, Class evals, Study Guide and Clicker Review 4/30 FINAL EXAM

Chapter 16: Conservation and Biodiversity

Human influences on the environment


Lectures by Mark Manteuffel, St. Louis Community College ; Clicker Questions by Kristen Curran, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater

16.1 Biodiversity benefits humans in many ways.

Consider also the following:

Vinblastine and vincristine Two chemicals from the Madagascar periwinkle treating leukemia and Hodgkins lymphoma

Ancrod Chemical from the Malayan pit viper

dissolves blood clots and is effective in treating some heart attack and stroke patients.

Epibatidine chemical from small frog 200 times

more effective than morphine in relieving pain and is non-addictive.

If we choose to protect a specific parcel of land, say the one from the last slide, we are protecting 1. 2. 3. 4. genetic biodiversity. species biodiversity. habitat biodiversity. all of the above.

If we choose to protect a specific parcel of land, say the one from the last slide, we are protecting 1. 2. 3. 4. genetic biodiversity. species biodiversity. habitat biodiversity. all of the above.

16.3 Where is most biodiversity?

Why are there more species in an acre of tropical rain forest than in an acre farther from the equator, such as in a temperate forest or prairie?

Latitudinal Biodiversity Gradient

How do the location of biodiversity hot spots and number of mammalian species correlate?
1. Biodiversity hot spots are located in places where there is overall low biodiversity of mammals. Biodiversity hot spots are located in places where there is overall high biodiversity of mammals. Biodiversity hot spots are usually found closer to the poles, whereas mammalian biodiversity is greatest nearer to the equator. 1 and 3

2.

3.

4.

How do the location of biodiversity hot spots and number of mammalian species correlate?
1. Biodiversity hot spots are located in places where there is overall low biodiversity of mammals. Biodiversity hot spots are located in places where there is overall high biodiversity of mammals. Biodiversity hot spots are usually found closer to the poles, whereas mammalian biodiversity is greatest nearer to the equator. 1 and 3

2.

3.

4.

16.4 Island biogeography helps us understand the maintenance and loss of biodiversity.

16.5 There are multiple causes of extinction.

On average, species persist for about 10 million years, although some last for hundreds of millions of years

According to the graph, when was the largest mass extinction event?
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 450 million years ago 375 million years ago 250 million years ago 210 million years ago 65 million years ago

According to the graph, when was the largest mass extinction event?
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 450 million years ago 375 million years ago 250 million years ago 210 million years ago 65 million years ago

16.6 We are in the midst of a mass extinction.

Current

rates of extinction in every wellstudied group of plants and animals support the hypothesis that a mass extinction is underway.

Seems to

be the result of the activity of one specieshumans.


11% of all species are currently endangered 14% are threatened 4% of all species are endangered and 50% are in decline

16.7 Some ecosystem disturbances are reversible, others are not.

16.8 Disruptions of ecosystems can be disastrous.


1) Introductions of exotic species

Why should we worry about exotic species?


Like the brown tree snake?

WHOOPS!