You are on page 1of 15

Sixty years of archival education in England, 1947-2006: looking back and looking forward

Dr Elizabeth Shepherd School of Library, Archive and Information Studies University College London e.shepherd@ucl.ac.uk
Second Asia-Pacific Conference for Archival Educators and Trainers, 17-20 October 2006, Tokyo

Introduction: Professional education


Long, specialised, strongly conceptual Transmits specialised knowledge Ideas and concepts Understanding of occupational sub-culture, its values and norms Training school in university, academic degrees, research programmes

Introduction: Overview of UK archival education

1947 to 1972: six UK universities established archival programmes 1947-1980: traditional market in local government archives 1980-2000: records management a distinct part of the discipline 2000s: impact of digital records how should academic discipline develop in future, the role of research?

Historical development of archives and records management education in England


Early 20th century developments University Diplomas in archives, 1947-1980 Records management and digital records: teaching developments 1980-2006 Archival education in 2000s

Early 20th century developments


Recruitment to the Public Record Office (PRO) & local archives: historical & classical education, plus in-house training Report on Local Records in 1902 recommended school on the model of the Ecole des Chartes in Paris Universities begin to teach palaeography, diplomatic, local history and librarianship

Early 20th century developments


Palaeography & diplomatic: Hubert Hall, University of London, 1896 Hilary Jenkinson, Kings College, London, 1930s R L Poole, Oxford University, 1897 Local history: Liverpool School of Local History and Palaeography, 1902/1911 Librarianship: Library Association and London School of Economics, 1902 Library Assn and University College London, School of Librarianship, 1919

University Diplomas in archives, 1947-1980


1947 three developments: 1. University College London, archive studies in library school (Hilary Jenkinson and British Records Association) 2. Liverpool University, Diploma in the Study of Records and Administration of Archives (Professor of medieval history, Geoffrey Barraclough) 3. Oxford, Bodleian Library training scheme

University Diplomas in archives, 1947-1980


Syllabus, Liverpool University, 1947: Latin & English palaeography (2 papers) Diplomatic, administrative history, real property law and local history (1 paper) editing & calendaring historical documents (1 paper) theory and practice of archive administration, practical work Lancashire Record Office (1 paper) oral examination

University Diplomas in archives, 1947-1980


UCL syllabus, 1970: three compulsory courses (record office management, records management, finding aids) six options, (administrative history, palaeography & diplomatic, description of records, law of real property, historical sources, local government organisation, company law & accounting, history of science & technology, use of computers in record offices)

Records management and digital records: teaching developments 1980-2006


Records management education: Report and model syllabus for records management Northumbria University: MSc in Records and Information Management, MA/MSc in Records Management by distance learning Traditional archival programmes modernised

Records management and digital records: teaching developments 1980-2006


Digital records education: Traditional archival programmes reshaped to address digital records eg UCL Glasgow University: MSc in Information Management and Preservation Some programmes fail: closure of Society of Archivists correspondence course and of University of Wales, Bangor MA

Archival education in 2000s


First professional qualifications at graduate level (Masters) at seven universities Liverpool University undergraduate year Diploma or Certificate in Professional Studies: Records and Information Management mid-career MRes in Library, Archive and Information Studies at UCL PhD and research programmes

Conclusion
How should archival education move forward in the UK? Academic research community for archives and records management Forum for Archives and Records Management Education and Research (FARMER) PhD conference in archives and records management Archives and Records Management Research Network (ARMReN) 2006-2007

Archives and Records Management Research Network (ARMReN)


Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), 2006-2007

help develop research in discipline of archives and records management link academics in archives and records management with researchers who use archives and records professionals collect and disseminate information about research foster the development of young academic researchers act as a central point for the exchange of ideas encourage new collaborative partnerships, within the UK, Europe and internationally

Sixty years of archival education in England, 1947-2006: looking back and looking forward

Dr Elizabeth Shepherd School of Library, Archive and Information Studies http://www.slais.ucl.ac.uk/research-ARMReN http://www.slais.ucl.ac.uk/ e.shepherd@ucl.ac.uk
Second Asia-Pacific Conference for Archival Educators and Trainers, 17-20 October 2006, Tokyo