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Parameters of GPRS Network Optimization


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The PCU performance parameters are essential to the GPRS network. Proper setting of such parameters can improve performance of the packet services.

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Chapter 1 GPRS Cell Parameters Chapter 2 Parameters of Cell Reselection Chapter 3 Performance Parameters

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Show Configuration

Pcu show gprs 1

Configuratio n of Cell 1

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GPRS Cell Parameters


NMO T3168 T3192 DRX_TIMER_MAX ACCESS_BURST_TYPE

CONTROL_ACK_TYPE
BS_CV_MAX PAN

T3172

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NETWORK_MODE
Configure Configure Gs PCCCH Interface
Yes Yes

Network Mode

Channel for circuit paging


PPCH

GPRS Paging Channel


PPCH
PCH PCH PPCH

Idle Mode
PCCCH Or CCCH CCCH CCCH

Packet Transmitting Mode

PCH PACCH

PACCH

II III

No No

No Yes

PCH PCH PCH

CCCH CCCH

PCH

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T3168
T3168 is used to set the maximum duration for the MS to wait for the packet uplink assignment message
PCU PACKET CHANNEL REQUEST PACKET UPLINK ASSIGNMENT/ IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT COMMAND PACKET RESOURCE REQUEST

T3168

PACKET UPLINK ASSIGNMENT

Condition Very Good Good Bad

BLER BLER<2% 2%<BLER<5% 5%<BLER<10%

T3168 recommendationms 500 1000 2000

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T3192
The timer is for the MS to wait for TBF release after receiving the last data block.

PCU
PACKET DOWNLINK ACK/NACK FAI=1

T3192
PACKET DOWNLINK ASSIGNMENT TFI

Final ACK Identifier

T3192 codec valuems

000 500

001 1000

010 1500

011 0

100 80

101 120

110 160

111 200

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DRX_TIMER_MAX
The MS request keeps the maximum value of non-DRX mode.

Non_DRX

Non_DRX

DRX

Packet transmission mode

Packet idle mode

Packet idle mode

DRX_TIMER_MAX (s)

Parameter Value Reserved Duration (s)

0 0

1 1

2 2

3 4

4 8

5 16

6 32

7 64

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ACCESS_BURST_TYPE
MS uses 8bit format or 11bit format in the following three types of messages

PACKET CHANNEL REQUEST PTCCH UPLINK BLOCK PACKET CONTROL ACKNOWLEDGMENT

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CONTROL_ACK_TYPE
Set the default format used by the MS in the control acknowledgement message.

Parameter value 0: 4 access burst format

Parameter value 1: RLC/MAC control block format

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BS_CV_MAX

PCU
CV=X BS_CV_MAX=10

RLC DATA BLOCK

T3198

RLC DATA ACK

200ms

CV=X

Timeout

RLC DATA BLOCK

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BS_CV_MAX

suppose BS_CV_MAX=3

PCU

CV=0

CV=1

CV=2

CV=3

CV=15

CV=15

CV=15

CV=15

MS buffer UL RLC blocks


CV=0 CV=1 CV=2

More data

CV=3

CV=15

CV=15

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PAN
PAN_DEC PAN_INC PAN_MAX

Set the decrease step length of the N3102 counter of the MS Set the increase step length of the N3102 counter of the MS Set the maximum value of the N3102 counter of the MS
Packet Uplink Ack/Nack - PAN_DEC

N3102
PAN_MAX

+ PAN_INC

Abnormal Release Perform Cell Re-selection

T3182 T3182

T3182

T3182

T3182

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PAN

PCU
RLC DATA BLOCK
PAN_INC=2

PACKET DATA ACK N3102+2

RLC DATA BLOCK T3182

PAN_DEC=1

PACKET DATA ACK


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PAN

Parameters PAN_INC PAN_DEC PAN_MAX 0 0 0 1 1 4 2 2 8 3 3 12

Value 4 4 16 5 5 20 6 6 24 7 7 28 32

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T3172
WAIT_INDICATION

PCU
PACKET CHANNEL REQUEST PACKET ACCESS REJECT Phase I

T3172
PACKET CHANNEL REQUEST

PACKET RESOURCE REQUEST PACKET ACCESS REJECT

Phase II

T3172

PACKET RESOURCE REQUEST

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Chapter 1 GPRS Parameters Chapter 2 Parameters of Cell Reselection Chapter 3 Performance Parameters

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NETWORK_CONTROL_ORDER

Description Definition Whether the MS send the M.R No Yes Yes MS mode Ready & Standby Only Ready Only Ready Cell Selection Mode Controlled by MS Controlled by MS Controlled by network

NC0 NC1 NC2

Normal MS Control Mode MS Control with M.R Mode Network Control Mode

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GPRS Cell Selection


If no PBCCH channel exists, the cell reselection of GPRS is basically the same as GSM cell reselection, only two situations are different. when the MS on the standby mode ,if it occur the cell reselection to the other route area cell : Nc2>Sc2+CRH

when the MS on the ready mode ,if it occur the cell reselection :
Nc2>Sc2+CRH

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GPRS Cell Selection


The GPRS puts forward new cell reselection algorithms C31 and C32 (applicable only when the PBCCH exists in the system). C31 is a signal threshold criterion. It is also called signal level threshold criterion of Hierarchical Cell Structure (HCS), and is used to judge whether to adopt preference cell reselection.

C31(s) = RLA_P(s) - HCS_THR(s)

(service cell)

C31(n) = RLA_P(n) - HCS_THR(n) - TO(n) * L(n)

(adjacent cell)

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GPRS Cell Selection


The C32 criterion is a perfection of C2 applied to GSM. It applies the offset and the delay value to the cell reselection which needs execution of cell update program or route update program. When the PBCCH channel does not exist in the service cell, the MS will execute cell reselection according to the C2 algorithm.

C32=C1

serving cell

C32=C1+ GPRS_RESELECT_OFFSET - GPRS_TEMPORARY_ OFFSET *H(GPRS_PENALTY _TIME T) *(1-L) neighbor cell

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GPRS Cell Selection


In addition, it is necessary to consider different routing areas
If the MS is in the standby mode, and the adjacent cell and the service cell are in the same routing area: C32 = C32

If the MS is in the ready mode, and the adjacent area and the service

area are in the same routing area: C32 = C32+CELL_RESELECT_HYSTERESIS


If the MS is in the Ready or Standbyand the adjacent area and

the service area are in the different routing area:

C32 = C32+RA_RESELECT_HYSTERESIS
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ALPHA & GAMMA


ALPHA
The ALPHA parameter is used by the MS to calculate the output power value PCH

of its uplink PDCH


For open loop power control, it should be set to 1.0.

codec ALPHA Value

0000 A=0.0

0001 A=0.1

0010 A=0.2

1001 A=0.9

1010 A=0.10

GAMMA
Expected receiving signal strength at the BTS side when the MS GPRS dynamic

power control is active


Value range: 0~62dB, default value is 0

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Chapter 1 GPRS Parameters Chapter 2 Parameters of Cell Reselection Chapter 3 Performance Parameters

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RAC
Route Area Code

LA
RA RA

RAI = MCC+MNC+LAC+RAC

When RAC and LAI appear concurrently, the RAC is unique When CI and LAI or RAI appear concurrently, the CI is unique

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RAC
Route Area Update

When an MS to which the GPRS is attached discovers that it gets into a

new route area


After timeout of the periodical Routing Area (RA) timer T3312 When a suspended MS is not recovered by network

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T3312

RA1
RA2
Routing_Area_update_request
MS in Standby or Ready state

SGSN

Routing_Area_update_accept Routing_Area_update_complete

Include T3312

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Summary

In this course, we have learned:


The function of GPRS cell parameters The function of GPRS cell selection parameters The function of GPRS performance parameters

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Thank You
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