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Artaud’s

Influence
s
Influences of Metaphysics
Metaphysics is used to express anything that has no
rational explanation

Early influences of Metaphysics and formulation of the Theatre of Cruelty;

Balinese Dancers
Lot and his Daughters, a painting by
Lucas van Leyden
The Marx Brothers
Balinese Dancers
Dance as the first expression
Non-verbal signs for communication
More than traditional mime
Gesture with deep meaning
A language of the senses
“True poetry is Metaphysical”
Explaining the unexplainable
Gesture creates meaning
Balinese Dancers
Artaud’s Essay,
“Production and Metaphysics”

“…instead of standing for words or sentences


[…] stand for ideas, attitudes of mind … in a
tangible, potent way …”

[Artaud. 1932. published1970. p.29]


Lot and his Daughters
A painting by Lucas van
Leyden
Painting as influence
The painting is described
A dramatic spectacle
Simultaneous action
Lot and his
Daughters
The Marx Brothers
Comedy is anarchy
Laughter is a liberation
The power of cinema
Surrealism
The Marx Brother’s
Mirror Sequence
Filmography
Films with at least four of the brothers: Solo endeavors:
Humor Risk (probably 1921), previewed once Groucho:
and never released; possibly lost  Copacabana (1947), released by
The Cocoanuts (1929), released by Paramount United Artists
Animal Crackers (1930), released by  Double Dynamite (1951), released by
Paramount RKO
The House that Shadows Built (1931), released  A Girl in Every Port (1952), released by
by Paramount (short subject) RKO
Monkey Business (1931), released by
Paramount
 Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? (1957
), released by 20th Century Fox
Horse Feathers (1932), released by Paramount (uncredited)
Duck Soup (1933), released by Paramount  The Mikado (1960), made for television
 Skidoo (1968), released by Paramount.
Films with only Harpo, Chico, Groucho:
A Night at the Opera (1935), released by MGM Harpo:
A Day at the Races (1937), released by MGM
 Too Many Kisses (1925), released by
Paramount
Room Service (1938), released by RKO
At the Circus (1939), released by MGM Zeppo:
Go West (1940), released by MGM
 A Kiss in the Dark (1925), released by
Paramount (cameo)
The Big Store (1941), released by MGM
A Night in Casablanca (1946), released by
United Artists
Love Happy (1949), released by United Artists
The Story of Mankind (1957)
Theatrical Styles and
Influences
Alfred Jarry 1873 - 1907
Surrealism
Avant-Garde Theatre
Ritual and ceremony
Mask and puppetry
Alfred Jarry 1873 - 1907
Anarchy in theatre
Ubu Roi – satirical and absurd drama
Influenced by puppets
Music-hall farce
Use of language to shock
Surrealist

Alfred Jarry - Répertoire des Pantins: Ouverture d'Ubu Roi


Surrealism
Themes taken from
Surrealism
Redefinition of reality
Insights into the
subconscious
Defines madness and non-
madness
Artaud expelled
Selective
The Son of Man - René Magritte
Avant-Garde Theatre
Futurism
Russian Futurism and Constructivism
Dadaism
Surrealism
Bauhaus
Living Art (Black Mountain College)