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THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE

THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE


Affirmative Statement Negative Form Question Form (Making yes/no questions) Making wh Questions with what,where,why,what time,when Verbs-regular & irregular Exercises

THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE


We use the simple past for an action that began and ended at a particular time in the past. We use it for an activity that took place regularly in the past.

TIME EXPRESSIONS
2 days ago If we want to say how 2 weeks ago much time has passed since5 years ago the event happened we use a long time ago AGO We can say how long the event lasted with FOR YESTERDAY for 2 weeks for 5 months

LAST

last week , month , year..

The adverbials often go at the end of the sentence but not always Eg. Two weeks ago, I went to the cinema I went to the cinema two weeks ago

V E R B S
R E G U L A R V E R B S I R R E G U L A R V E R B S

IRREGULAR VERBS
I n f i n i t i v e

P a s t

Past participle

Some of the Irregular Verbs


Present awake be
become Simple Past Past Tense Participle awoke was, were awoken been become begun caught eaten

became began caught ate

begin catch eat

* The simple past tense is one of the most common tenses in English. *Its form is the same with all subjects * It is usually formed by adding -ED to the verb * This page will explain the rules for forming the tense with regular verbs

Verb ending in...

How to make the simple past

Examples

e Consonant + y
One vowel + one consonant (but NOT w or y) [anything else]

We add -d
Change y to i, we add -ed
Double the consonant, then we add -ed

Live - lived

try - tried
commit committed

We add -ed

boil - boiled fill - filled

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE
I went to Rome yesterday. She cleaned the house last week. We played two hours ago.

SUBJECT + VERB 2 + OBJECT

swam They(swim)in the pool last week.

made My mother(make) a cake yesterday.

ran Tom and Jane(run) in the forest two days ago.

phoned Jane( phone ) his boyfriend three hours ago.

were They.(be) at the picnic last weekend.

went I(go) to a party yesterday . met I(meet) a new girlfriend there.

GALATASARAY couldnt be the champion but won they..( win ) the cup two weeks ago.

Negative Form
I did not go to Rome yesterday.
She didnt clean the house last week. They didnt play football on Sunday.

S+ did not +V1 + O


Short form: didnt

didnt talk She(talk) to her husband last night. watched She.(watch) television.

didnt work John ..( not / work ) yesterday. His family thought Werent .( not / be) at home. He ( think ) slept his new car . Then , he (sleep ) in the garden .

QUESTION FORM

*Did you go to Rome last year ? Yes,I did / Yes,I went to Rome last year. No,I didnt. / No,I didnt go to Rome last year.

Did you study English ?

Did she go shopping yesterday ? Yes, she did. / Yes, she went shopping yesterday.

No,I didnt take my medicines last week.

Did you take your medicines last week?

*Did Hakan Sukur kick a goal last week ? Yes,he did. / Yes, he kicked a goal last week.

Did your grandmother clean the house yesterday ? No , she didnt.

She only watched television and ate chips in her living room yesterday.

Im Tomy.

Im Timy.

danced We .(dance) together at the party three days ago.

FORMING WH QUESTIONS
Question Word

Auxiliary Subject

Verb infinitive

object

When Why How Where etc.

did

I you he she it we you they John

go

to the beach

yesterday

What

did the nurse bring for the patient Tom ?

She brought the medicines for him.

When did Janet and Jim get married ?

They got married three days ago .

Why didnt you talk to each other at the party? Because we argued with each other two days ago.

WHY ?

BECAUSE .

Why

did John buy a gift and flowers for his wife ?

Because he cAme home late yesterday evening.

What did the frogs talk about ? They talked about the childhood of the frog Kermit.
Ha ha ha..

Ha ha ha

Where did they play basketball ? They played basketball in the garden .

It started at 08:30.

What time did the lesson start?

bought I ( buy ) some new clothes from Paris last week .

How can I pay the credit card bills ?

- Where did Selami and Gonul go for their honeymoon two weeks ago ?

- They went to Paris for their honeymoon two weeks ago .