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The following slides cover only a brief overview of Netbackup functionality. You will need to review the referenced documents and websites for a better comprehension. You should perform test backups and restores. You MUST have a backup schema & DRP plan to keep your job.

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Q. What is Veritas Netbackup? A. Veritas Netbackup is an enterprise backup and recovery solution that is the industry standard. Q. How does Veritas Netbackup help Unix Admins? A. Ensures every file gets backed up and is able to be restored by using cataloging.
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Netbackup will backup, restore and archive files. Uses GNU tar format Use TCP to establish communications. Performs both FULL and incremental backups Full reporting and management capacity of backup and recovery procedures
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Netbackup manages heterogeneous backups. UNIX, NT, NOVELL, IBM, etc Highly scalable and flexible architecture Advanced tools, utilities and wizards. Management from server, client or workstation. Role & User based security
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Three products levels of Netbackup 4.5. 1. Netbackup Professional. 2. Netbackup Business server. 3. Netbackup Datacenter. Netbackup has a collection of add on products and agents. None of which were purchased.
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We currently have an Oracle database. The person that specified this configuration did not specify the Netbackup for oracle or nor the oracle database agent to allow hot or online backups, advanced recovery and management, etc. We will require a cold backup increasing downtime.
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CURRENT JTAV BELVIOR CONFIG Version 4.5 GA Datacenter SUN L25 Autoloader with Tape Library/Bar Code reader & two drives Throughput on Autoloader is 5Mbps per sec Media is DLT 8000 Tape 40gig/80gig Currently managing Valiant and Hood
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Current JTAV site CONFIG Remote sites (EECOM, PACOM, CENTCOM, KOREA,JIFFCOM) Version 4.5 BusinessServer SUN L7 autoloader with one drive, no bar code reader Throughput on autoloader is 5mbps per sec Media is DLT 8000 tape 40gig/80gig
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These remote sites need to be configured completely and correctly. Performance tuning needs to be completed(refer to my NETBACKUP 4.5 PERFTUNEJTAV.Doc. On site training never materialized. Catalog backups. Need to establish site backup schema. Update patches to MP 5 as of 11/09/2003. Perform test restores and backups.
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Sites need to establish tape rotation Off site consideration for DRP Configure self monitoring and alerting Cleaning schedule should be set to around 10 hours Print out Netbackup documentation from Veritas.Com
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Veritas Netbackup DataCenter

Netbackup automates the backup and archive routines on Valiant and Hood. Full backups run weekly on Fridays and Incremental-Differentials daily. Valiant is the Master server and the Media server. (Master being the manager and Media being the controller of media such as tape drives and disks.)
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Veritas Netbackup DataCenter

We could add more servers to list. Just have to add the Netbackup client agents and configure the client backup policy. Netbackup uses ports to connect to clients and for processes. Netbackup is broken into two subsections. Netbackup and Media Manager
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Veritas uses ports to communicate over the network. TCP port connections to be exact. The next page covers the ports used by Netbackup and the Media Manager. The configuration of these is done during the installation of Netbackup. These can be found in the /etc/services file.
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# NetBackup services # bprd 13720/tcp bprd bpdbm 13721/tcp bpdbm bpcd 13782/tcp bpcd vnetd 13724/tcp vnetd vopied 13783/tcp vopied bpjava-msvc 13722/tcp bpjava-msvc bpjobd 13723/tcp bpjobd nbdbd 13784/tcp nbdbd visd 9284/tcp visd # End NetBackup services #

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Client Ports

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# Media Manager services # vmd 13701/tcp vmd acsd 13702/tcp acsd tl8cd 13705/tcp tl8cd odld 13706/tcp odld ts8d 13709/tcp ts8d tldcd 13711/tcp tldcd tl4d 13713/tcp tl4d tsdd 13714/tcp tsdd tshd 13715/tcp tshd tlmd 13716/tcp tlmd tlhcd 13717/tcp tlhcd lmfcd 13718/tcp lmfcd rsmd 13719/tcp rsmd # End Media Manager services #

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Netbackup Terminology
Important words Important processes Use daily

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NETBACKUP Terminology
The following several slides cover common NETBACKUP terms and principals to give a brief understanding of terms and principals. Review the bibliography for more info. Review the documents on www.veritas.com . Review the HELP menu.
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Netbackup Terminology
Archive. An archive is special backup in Netbackup where it will backup up the file(s) and then delete the file(s) from the local disk.

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Netbackup Terminology
Catalog. A catalog is a an internal database that contain info about configuration, media, devices, errors, logs, etc. Policy. A policy is a template for backup a single client or a group of clients.
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Netbackup Terminology
Disk image backup A disk image backup is a bit by by bit backup rather than a file system backup. Duplicate image A duplicate image is a copy of a backup. Expiration Time when a volume is considered unusable
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Netbackup Terminology
1. Multiplexing. Netbackup can send multiple concurrent backups from one client or several to a single storage device(tape, disk, NDMP, etc). Multiplexing is used to reduce backup time. Multiplexing is done sequentially onto the media. Multiplexing reduces restore performance.

2. 3. 4.

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Netbackup Terminology
1. 2. 3. 4. Why multiplex! Reduce backup times Slow network connections Many short backups (incrementals on small and lightly used file systems) Software compression
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Netbackup Terminology
Configure Multiplexing Must be configured in two places (menus) 1. Storage Unit Maximum Multiplexing per Drive for Storage Unit Number range 1 32
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Netbackup Terminology
2. Schedule setting Media multiplexing value Must be also set for multiplexing to work. Important Storage unit and schedule settings must be set. If you set 8 for storage unit and 6 for schedule then the max multiplexes will be 6.
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Multistreaming establishes multiple connections, or threads, from a single system to the backup server. This is useful if you have a large system with multiple I/O devices and large amounts of data that need backing up.

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Netbackup Terminology
Storage Unit A Storage Unit is a group of one or more storage devices that are the same type (disk, tape, etc) and density (DLT, SDLT, etc) There are 4 types of storage units in Netbackup and for the JTAV project only two can be used currently.
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Netbackup Terminology
Storage Unit (four types) 1. Media Manager uses tape robots, standalone drives or optical disk drives that are under the Media Manager control. 2. Disk A storage unit that is basically a directory on a disk. Unlimited can be set up in Netbackup. **Notes
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Netbackup Terminology
3. NDMP NDMP is an optional functionality but also requires you have a NDMP host (NetAPP). 4. Fastrax another optional functionality and requires an EMC system. **optional in Veritas means separately purchased product **Note
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Netbackup Terminology
True Image backup - is a snapshot of files done at the directory level at a certain point in time. When a "True Image" backup is restored, the directory restored will be brought to the same state as when it was backed up. Any files or sub-directories that did not exist at the time of backup will be deleted when the restore occurs if it is restored to the same location.
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Netbackup Terminology
Volume group - is a group of volumes that have some common physical location or characteristic, such as being in the same library, at the same offsite location, having the same media density, or the like. There may be more than one group in a location, however, all media in a volume group must be in the same location.
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bp.Conf. The main configuration file for Netbackup is.

This is true for clients, media and master servers. The only difference is the types and number of OPTIONS you can specify and how. Refer to the Netbackup system administrator guide for UNIX.

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Backup policy. 1. A backup policy is a template for backup up clients. 2. Every client must be in at least one policy but can be in many policies. 3. Easier to divide clients into group by the requirements. Then create policy for each group of clients.
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Backup policies are configured within four tabs of the policy menu 1. General attributes determines policy storage units, settings, types of backups, etc 2. Schedules specifies when the backup occurs and the type of schedule (automatic or user set)
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3. File list contains the list of files to be backed up. You can use the parameter ALL_LOCAL_DRIVES to backup all of the files and drives. Select cross mountpoints, true image recovery & allow Mutiple data streams. Do not select compression (software). Our DLT drives support hardware compression
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4. Client List is the clients that are to be backed up by the policy. Example: all UNIX clients use Standard Policy. Remember to add the client to /etc/hosts. You can also use an IP address. To install a client you configure the /.rhosts file on the client. **Notes
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Catalogs. A catalog is a an internal database that contains info about configuration, media, devices, errors, logs, etc. Catalogs are in binary format in NB 4.5. Netbackup places the catalog backup in default locations. You can change this.
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Netbackup catalogs are important to maintain for recovery purposes. If you lose your server or need to restore to a new machine then the catalog is critical. JTAV servers catalog backups up the following directories. Media catalog. /usr/openv/netbackup/db.
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Volume catalog & device catalog. /usr/openv/volmgr/database. Logs & config. /usr/openv/var.

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Reporting Netbackup has great reporting capability for reporting the management, verification and troubleshooting of Netbackup operations. Refer to the Netbackup Systems Administrator Guide for UNIX Chapter 5, page 195
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Backup Levels
Full Need to explain (Level 0) Cumulative incremental backup is the backup of all files that have changed since the last full backup. Differential incremental backup is the backup of all files that have changed since the last backup.
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Busy Files
Busy file processing is a series of configurations and actions set in the bp.conf file that can be executed when a file that cannot be read (read-locked) is encountered.

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Reports (10 types) 1. Status of backups 2. Client backups 3. Problems 4. All log entries 5. Media list reports 6. Media contents reports
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7. Images on media 8. Media logs 9. Media summary 10. Media written

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View all backup job stats
/usr/openv/netbackup/bin/admincmd/bpdbjobs -report -all_columns

You can select the fields you need by specifying

bpdbjobs -report state status class schedule client -server

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Media States
1. 2. 3. 4. Four media states Full Suspended Frozen Imported

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Media States
Full No more space on Media Can use it for restore but you can not use it for backup Suspended Cant do nothing. Frozen Put on Hold Can restore bu
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Media States
Imported - Media was imported (restored) to the NB database.

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Media Cleaning
Utilize tpclean command Utilize GUI List cleanings Tpclean L Initiate cleaning Tpclean C drive1 Schedule cleaning Tpclean F drive1

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Monitoring. You can do monitor Netbackup. Jobs, daemons and processes. jnbSA & (java interface). bpps a (command to view NB & MM processes).
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Start Netbackup
/usr/openv/netbackup/bin/goodies/netbackup start /etc/init.d/netbackup start

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Stop Netbackup
/usr/openv/netbackup/bin/goodies/netbackup stop /etc/init.d/netbackup stop Or /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/goodies/bp.kill -all

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Netbackup licenses can be managed by 1. Netbackup java interface jnbSA & > HELP > license keys 2. Netbackup license utility

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Admin Interfaces
xbpadmin bpadm jnbSA

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Client User Interface

xbp bp jbpSA

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Admin Utility
Non root users can use Netbackup You need to configure the usage by

Refer to page 424 of the Netbackup system Administratiojn guide for UNIX

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Logging allows monitoring of NETBACKUP There are 10 logging levels 0 being min, 9 being max. Logging default level is 0 You must create logs in /usr/openv/netbackup/logs
Configure bp.Conf logging level by VERBOSE = ?
? = The logging level 0 - 9

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Create Logs by Cd /usr/openv/netbackup/logs mkdir bpcd mkdir bprd Etc for each daemon & process

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Daemon Control
Daemons can started or stopped by several ways initbprd bprdreq terminate initbpdbm xbpadm bpadm jnbSA
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Netbackup uses a worklist for the flow of automatic backups. (Que) This determines the backup priotity and scheduling of backups 1. The highest priority backup goes first 2. Backup with retention level as tape in drive currently! 3. Most overdue backup
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Display the robot inventory. Do the following process. Java GUI: 1. Start media and device management. 2. Click on the media manager that hosts the robot you wish to inventory. .

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3. Select inventory robot from the

actions menu. 4. Select the robot on the host you wish to inventory 5. Select show contents of robot 6. Start to obtain an inventory.

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By the command line Note that ACS and TLM type libraries are not managed by NetBackup and you cannot inventory through this method. .
vmupdate. vmcheckxxx -rt robot_type -rn robot_number -list.

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Restore Files

1. 2.

Tapes for restore (GUI).

If you are using the java GUI, start the restore of the file, files, directories, etc . Then click "preview media required". You can also perform the restore (either via the GUI or command line), and have messages written to a log file. The beginning of the log will contain a list of tapes needed for the restore. .

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Tapes for Restore(command line)

Or you can avoid the GUI (and avoid having to kick off a restore) with the bpimagelist command. Let's assume you want to restore from a backup of CLIENTA that happened on August 1st. (these commands would be run on your NBU master server) ### First you need to find the exact start time of the backup you want: nbumaster# bpimagelist -U -client CLIENTA -d 08/01/2001 -e / 08/01/2001 Backed Up Expires Files KB C Sched Type Class ---------------- ---------- --------------- - ------------ ------------ 08/01/2001 05:05 08/15/2001 729846 52624096 N Full Backup CLIENTA_OS 08/01/2001 02:05 11/02/2001 58233 5029312 N Full Backup CLIENTA_DATA ### Next you use the -media flag to see what volume(s) were used for that backup: nbumaster# bpimagelist -media -U -client CLIENTA -d 08/01/2001 05:05 -e 08/01/2001 05:05 Media ID Last Written Server -------- ---------------- ---------- 602595 08/01/2001 05:05 nbumaster 603084 08/01/2001 05:05 nbumaster
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Verify Media status (available_media)
/ usr/openv/netbackup/bin/goodies/availab le_media

or Java Gui under This will tell status of media, media id, time, etc.
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Determine backup requirements bpschedreq -predict mm/dd/yyyy

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Configuration (bp.conf)
Bp.conf is the main configuration for Netbackup. Refer to Chapter 10, Page 460 of the Netbackup System Administrators Guide for Unix for the specific configuration options.

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Main Media Manager Config file /usr/openv/volmgr/vm.conf Refer to Netbackup Media Manager Device Guide for Unix for the specific configuration options.

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Veritas can be a valuable asset in any DRP plan. It recommended you allocate your media correctly. Should have an off site storage set up. Keep copies of Netbackup software, licenses, your NB catalog and ensure a tape rotation.
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Veritas Netbackup is a very powerful program. It requires considerable thought into planning & configuring properly. Netbackup is a plus for the resume. Restores must always be successful. Take time to learn the product and additional functionality.
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Do your backups and party later. Backups are important to keeping our jobs! Get Veritas Certified

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ftp.support.veritas.com/pub/support/products/NetBackup_DataCenter/ www.veritas.com/education/quicktips/QuickReference.jhtml www.veritas.com/education/quicktips/QuickTips.jhtml www.backupcentral.com

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