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MultiProtocol Label Switching



Basic IP Network Configuration

Configuring EIGRP
Configuring MPLS Running MPLS

Basic IP Network Configuration

Network Description
In the above network diagram, there are 6 Routers represented by the names R0,R1,R2.,R5 Each of these routers has Serial and Ethernet Interfaces. Lo0 and Lo1 represent the Loopback Interfaces Each of the above mentioned interface has been

assigned an IP Address. Thus we will create the above topology first and then introduce the routing protocols on each router.

IP Configuration Steps
1. 2. 3.



First of all we would get into supervised account to make the necessary changes (> enable) Next we will get in the configuration mode via the terminal. (# configuration terminal) Now we need to configure a specific interface of the router. From figure we would select the appropriate interface. ((config)# interface FastEthernet 0/0) Now we need to get the interface up and running (config-if)# no shutdown Then we allocate the interface an appropriate IP Address. (config if) # ip address <ip-add> <subnet-mask>

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

(EIGRP) is a Cisco Proprietary Protocol which is based on IGRP. It is a distance-vector protocol. It has improved convergence and bandwidth issues of IGRP Protocol. Like IGRP it uses Autonomous Systems (AS) to group routers together. Routing information is shared between the routers of a single Autonomous System.

EIGRP Configuration
Basic Commands: To enable EIGRP on a Router

#(config): router eigrp <AS number> #(config-router): network <IP-Address> <Wildcard-bits>

To add a network

Checking Configuration: Display all of the routers configuration

# show running-configuration # show ip route # show ip protocols # ping <IP-Add> # traceroute <IP-Add>

Display the IP Routing Information

Display the protocols running on the router

Ping an IP address
Get the path to a router

MultiProtocol Level Switching

Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) is a mechanism

in high-performance telecommunication networks . It directs data from one network node to the next based on short path labels rather than long network addresses, avoiding complex lookups in a routing table. The labels identify virtual links (paths) between distant nodes rather than endpoints. MPLS can encapsulate packets of various network protocols. MPLS supports a range of access technologies, including T1/E1 ATM, Frame Relay, and DSL.

MPLS Configuration
MPLS Commands: First we enable the Ciscos Express Forwarding, it is required to run MPLS or Label based Switching

(config)# ip cef

Now we enable the MPLS and define a protocol i.e LDP (Label Distribution Protocol). It is the default protocol in Cisco routers.

(config)# mpls label protocol ldp

Now we go to the node in which we need to enable MPLS and enable the MPLS via command

(config-if)# mpls ip

Running MPLS
Checking the status of MPLS Display the MPLS neighbors

# show mpls ldp neighbor # show mpls ldp bindings # show mpls ip bindings # show mpls interfaces

Display the bindings

Display the label-to-IP bindings

Display the interfaces on which MPLS is running