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As defined Critical thinking is that mode of thinking - about

any subject, content, or problem - in which the

thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking

by skillfully taking charge of the structures

inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual

standards upon them

is the intellectually disciplined process



Critical Thinkers...

"Are honest with themselves, acknowledging what they don't know, recognizing their limitations, and being watchful of their own errors."
UNcritical Thinkers...

"Pretend they know more than they do, ignore their limitations, and assume their views are error-free."

Critical Thinkers...

"Regard problems and controversial issues as exciting challenges."

UNcritical Thinkers...
"Regard ego." problems and controversial

issues as nuisances or threats to their

Critical Thinkers...

"Strive for understanding, keep curiosity alive, remain patient with complexity and ready to invest time to overcome confusion." UNcritical Thinkers...
"Are impatient with complexity and thus would rather remain confused than make the effort to understand."

Critical Thinkers...

They revise judgments when new

evidence reveals error." UNcritical Thinkers...

"Base judgments on first

impressions and gut reactions."

Critical Thinkers...

"Are interested in other people's

ideas" UNcritical Thinkers...

"Are preoccupied with self and their

own opinions

Critical Thinkers...

Practice fair-mindedness, and seek a

balanced view."
UNcritical Thinkers...
"Ignore the need for balance and give preference to views that support their established views."

Critical Thinkers...

"Practice restraint and thinking before

acting." UNcritical Thinkers...

"Tend to follow their feelings and act


Views Learning as A shared responsibility between teacher

and learner
Learners Empowered persons

Highest level of teaching Teacher serves as an observer

Use of high-order level questioning

Answering a question by another


Interacting with the contents of the


It utilizes a cooperative learning strategy where students argue on either two sides

of an issue in hope of moving students

from their advocacy position to a position

that synthesizes all perspectives

Exposing the students to the real life problems Obtain the contents of learning as they go along solving the problem

Teachers serve as expert resources