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Types of disciplinary problems Problematic behaviours in the classroom Causes of disciplinary problems and problematic behaviour (misbehaviour)

Discipline Problem??
Kindsvatter views the discipline problem from behavioural perspective of pupils in the classroom. He defines discipline problem as a problematic behaviour or misbehaviour.

Excessive talk or talking out of turn Arriving late for lessons

Being noisy (verbal, shouting, and non-verbal, playing drums with pencils)

Bothering other pupils

Not paying attention to the teacher

Being out of their seat without good cause

Not getting on with the work

Types (Misbehaviour)

Less Serious

More Serious

Less serious misbehavior

Inattention Talking Playing


Making faces

Discourtesy (Not polite)






Defiance to school rules and regulations

Fighting in class


Physical attacks





Problematic Behaviour In The Classroom

Common problematic behaviour Categories

Communication among pupils

Using obscene & inappropriate words

Not finishing homework

Common Problematic Behaviours


Forget to bring books

Communication among Pupils

During teaching and learning process taking place, some pupils tend to communicate with each other.



Not finishing homework

Some pupils did not send their homework very often Some excuses are irrelevant and unacceptable

Giving a lot of excuses

my favourite cartoon last night. - My cat died last night

-I have to watch

Examples: ..because..

Forget to bring books

Did not bring textbooks, exercise books, workbooks and etc.

Pupils might talk or disturb their peers if sharing is taken place If sharing is not allowed, pupils have nothing to do because they do not have the materials they need for study/learning


Using obscene and inappropriate words

Some pupils (mostly boys) tend to use inappropriate words in front of their classmates

This behavioural is seen as disrespectful to the teacher and classmates

For instance: You look so dumb and ugly.. Youre so stupid Moron

Not A Problem

Categories of Problematic Behaviours

Minor problems Serious problems with limited scope and consequences

Serious problems that keep ascending and spreading

Not a Problem
Does not cause any problems to anyone. Happens just briefly. Does not interfere lesson. Can be ignored.

Not paying attention in a short period. Brief conversations during class activities. Slightly day dreaming. Not defined as problematic.

Minor problems
Comprised of behaviours which against the class rules and procedures

Happen to few pupils and certain times only.

Eg: Doing other activities, eating candies, throwing rubbish, talking during individual work

Behaviours that disturb teaching and learning processes

Eg: Only a single pupil does not pay full attention, did not complete the work given Rarely happens and limited to 1 or 2 students only

Encompass minor problems which eventually become a routine

Threaten in managing pupils and the learning environment

Eg: Most pupils prowling around in the classroom, non-stop conversations with peers eventhough being warned and give no co-operation to the teacher.

Home School

Peers Teacher


Some discipline problems that occur in the classroom is a carry-over effects of the problems faced at home. When the children were not getting the love and attention at home, they will tend to join any existing groups to accept them.

Events such as death of a family member, divorce , a serious chronic illness or abuse can cause behavior problems. If such behavior continues, or becoming more serious, the teacher should meet with parents to have a further discussion. In some cases, it may needs to refer them to the counseling teachers, or a psychiatrist, social worker, and so on.

Refers to the peer pressure experienced by the pupils who have adaptation problems in the new school, or at home. Also the groups of people who deal drugs and try to foster violence among the members.

Can lead to problems of discipline through strict regulations, and failure to provide the students with learning spaces that are relevant and meaningful. There are students who think that their movement and their behavior is monitored by the teacher.

Moreover, they are required to comply with the authority (teachers and the school system) without any questions. These circumstances would create a learning environment where they are limited opportunity to develop their own identity. Consequently, they will protest to express their views as a step to overcome the feeling oppressed by the authorities.

Relating to pupils who do not submit their assignments and tasks on the specified date of submission, it is not because of laziness or a desire to resist authority, but because of the inability of the student to follow the learning sessions.

In addition, there may also be slow learners who need more individual instructions and guidance from the teacher. Therefore, it is important for teachers to identify the real reason why some students fail to submit their own work. If possible, make sure they are not left far behind in their academic so that the appropriate remedial measures will not be too burdensome on both parties, the teachers and pupils concerned.

Related to the planning and preparation of materials related resources to ensure the smooth implementation of teaching and learning sessions. Besides, teachers also need to be able to deliver the contents of each lesson clearly and effectively in order to maximize learning in the classroom.

If the teacher failed to do so, the students will not feel challenged in terms of academics. When teachers fail to maintain the interest throughout the lesson, student will likely design negative ways to entertain themselves.

.::The End::. Thank you for your attention.