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Classification of pumps

Pumps

Dynamic Pumps

Positive Displacement

Centrifugal

Vertical (Turbine)

Reciprocating

Rotary

Pneumatic

Centrifugal Pumps

A centrifugal pumps converts mechanical energy from a motor to energy of a moving fluid; some of the energy goes into kinetic energy of fluid motion and some into potential energy, represented by a fluid pressure or by lifting the fluid against gravity to a higher level. The transfer of energy from the mechanical rotation of the impeller to the motion and pressure of the fluid is usually described in terms of centrifugal force

SLURRY
slurry can be a mixture of virtually any liquid combined with some solid particles .The combination of the type, size, shape and quantity of the particles together with the nature of transporting liquid determine the exact characteristics and flow properties of the slurry.

CHARACTERISTICS OF A SLURRY
Slurries can be broadly divided into the two general groups of non-settling and settling types. Non-settling slurries entail very fine particles which can form stable homogeneous mixtures exhibiting increased apparent viscosity. These slurries usually have low wearing properties but require very careful consideration when selecting the correct pump and drive, because they often do not behave in the manner of a normal liquid. When fine solids are present in the slurry in sufficient quantity to cause this change in behavior away from a normal liquid, they are referred to as being non-Newtonian. Settling slurries are formed by coarser particles and tend to form an unstable mixture and therefore particular attention must be given to flow and power calculations. These coarser particles tend to have higher wearing properties and form the majority of slurry applications. This type of slurry is also referred to as being heterogeneous.

OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT

Now IREL is in the initial process of establishing a silliminate processing plant at chavara unit. Since the material to be pumped is silliminate, a slurry pump should be employed.For this plant, we have designed a slurry pump of capacity 20 TPH capacity.

SELECTION The important parameters in selecting a pump are :

required flow and head of fluid


specific speed net positive suction head (NPSH) specific gravity of fluid viscosity of fluid

nature of solid, solid size and percentage


efficiency of pump

RANGE OF APPLICATIONS OF A SLURRY PUMP


Slurry pumps are used widely throughout the beneficiation section of the mining industry where most plants utilize wet separation systems. These systems usually require the movement of large volumes of slurry throughout the process. Slurry pumps are also widely used for the disposal of ash from thermal power plants. Other areas where slurry pumps are used include the manufacture of fertilizers, land reclamation, mining by dredges, and the long distance transportation of coal and minerals. Increased global focus on environmental and energy constraints will certainly generate much wider uses for slurry pumping in years to come

SPECIFICATIONS
CAPACITY - 20 TPH LENGTH - 180 m MATERIAL HANDLED -SILIMINATE PUMP CASING MATERIAL -CAST IRON PUMP IMPELLER MATERIAL -GUN METAL