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They have a known author

What are some of its Key Features?

They were WRITTEN down first They were written since 1800 (modern does NOT mean 2009!) They were created mainly for entertainment purposes, though they might have a lesson, issues the examine the human condition and universal truth They are usually longer than traditional folktales, often a full length novel Elements that violate the natural physical laws of our worldevents akin to magicCredibility is key

Definition of Modern Fantasy

Fantasy is imaginative narrative that explores alternative realities Fantasy

suspends disbelief suspends scientific explanations and natural laws is unaccountable to the known world
source: Cullinan & Galda, 1994, p. 199

What about modern fantasy? Credibility is key

Is every action consistent with the framework developed by the author? Can the reader suspend disbelief about the characters? How does the authors characterization allow the reader to suspend disbelief -Do characters begin in the real world? -Does the author use appropriate and believable language consistent with the story?

Is the setting consistent allowing the reader to understand the world that is created. -If the author creates several time periods are the settings authentic and integral to the story? -Does the author pay careful attention to details in the story? Are the characters actions consistent with the setting? Is the theme of value and important for children?

Types of Fantasy
Animal -human thoughts, feelings and language attributed to animals eg: Mercy Watsonby Kate DiCamillo The Underneathby Kathi Appelt

Types of Fantasy
Miniature Worlds/Enchanted Realism-miniature beings and worlds highlight the human desire and needsmagical objects, characters or events appear eg: The Borrowersby Mary Norton

Types of Fantasy
Literary Lore- the writer imitates the traditional qualities of ancient folklore eg: The Stinky Cheese Manby Jon Scieszka Rapunzel's Revengeby Shannon Hale

Types of Fantasy
Quest Tales - characters meet challenges that seem endless and unbeatable characters are portrayed having inner and outer struggles, but the goodness of the character prevails (good vs.evil) eg:

EXAMPLES: The Thief Lordby Cornelia Funke Harry Potter seriesby J.K. Rowling

Types of Fantasy
Toys In this category, the stories are told from the point of view of children's toys. This is an easily suspended disbelief for most children, since many already treat their toys as if they are real.

Examples: -The Velveteen Rabbitby Margery Williams -Winnie-the-Poohby A.A. Milne

Types of Fantasy
Supernatural In this category, the stories focus on ghosts and other visitors from the great beyond. Sometimes these spirits or beings are friendly, many times they are malicious.

Examples: -The Ribbajack & Other Curious Yarnsby Brian Jacques -Seven Strange & Ghostly Talesby Brian Jacques


Well illustrated fantasy selections provide children with : -ability to respond to the illustrations -the ability to compare illustrations of same stories and critically evaluate them -the ability to receive, process, reflect, and respond to pictures


Recognition of setting would be to have students close their eyes and listen Let children extend their appreciation of fantasy through art activities eg; -murals and frieze, collages, montages and mosaics