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Pump Definition

A pump is a device used to move fluids, such as liquid

compressing fluids or gases by means of a piston, plunger, or set of rotating vanes

Types of Pumps

Gear pump


Loopen -pump

Centrfuigal pump

Archimedes Screw

Raises water a maximum of 1.5 m Good for raising water that contains sediments, particulate matter etc Also used in reverse to generate electricity today

Animal-powered pumping system

Consists of an animal walking in a circular path, rope and washers for the pump
Use of recycled materials to make washers Locally available materials used for the frame for the pump

Easy to understand

Transfers the energy from pedalling a bicycle to the pump

Bicycle-powered water pump

Ideal for irrigation

Can only be operated on very level ground

A centrifugal pump is one of the simplest pieces of equipment in any process plant.

Its purpose is to convert energy of a prime mover (a electric motor or turbine) first into velocity or kinetic energy and then into pressure energy of a fluid that is being pumped.

General Components of Centrifugal Pumps: A centrifugal pump has two main components: I. A rotating component comprised of an (impeller) and (shaft) II. A stationary component comprised of a (casing), (casing cover), and (bearings).

The Impeller: rotating part that converts

driver energy into the kinetic energy and provides centrifugal acceleration to the fluid

Number of impellers = number of pump stages

The shaft transfers the torque from the motor to the impeller during the startup and operation of the pump

Generation of Centrifugal Force

The process liquid enters the suction nozzle and then into eye (center) of revolving device known as an impeller. When the impeller rotates, it spins the liquid sitting in the cavities between the vanes outward and provides centrifugal acceleration. As liquid leaves the eye of the impeller a lowpressure area is created causing more liquid to flow toward the inlet.

Because the impeller blades are curved, the fluid is pushed in a tangential and radial direction by the centrifugal force. This force acting inside the pump. is the same one that keeps water inside a bucket that is rotating at the end of a string. Figure A.01 below depicts a side cross-section of a centrifugal pump indicating the movement of the liquid.

Application Cooling water Water supply/distribution Fire protection Drainage Irrigation General industrial services Performance range Capacity: Q up to 300m/h up to 1200gpm Head: H up to 100m steel up to 330feet Temperature: T up to 105 up to 200 steel Speed: n 2900/1450rpm steel 3500/1750rpm Standard material Casing: Cast iron Cast steel Stainless Impeller: Cast iron Bronze Stainless Shaft: Stainless

Wear ring: Cast iron


Cavitation :
Formation of bubbles due to fluid pressure dropping which can rupture and cause damage

Done By Mohammad Saleh

Instructor :Dr. jamil al-sfar

Thanks For Your Attention