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Foreword
As a Prime Minister living and working in Downing Street, you constantly feel the presence of Winston Churchill. His leather armchair meets you as you walk into the building. His portraits glare at you from the walls of the famous staircase. You take
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CB & WSC
On 18 February 1901, Winston Churchill, a member of the Conservative Party, gave his maiden speech in the House of Commons. Churchill presented his views and recommendations concerning the state of affairs in South Africa. The speech was widely recog
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“The Last of the Romans” Herbert Henry Asquith
Next to the monarch who lent his name to the Edwardian era, H. H. Asquith (1852–1928) was its chief representative.1 The period is bathed in the nostalgic afterglow of a late-summer afternoon, but underneath its sedate surface this was a time of sear
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Twin Titans
During his years in the Liberal party from 1904 to 1923, Winston Churchill served under three prime ministers. The third of these was unique. For unlike his relationships with Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and H. H. Asquith, towards David Lloyd George
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Stanley Baldwin and Winston Churchill
Stanley Baldwin (1867–1947) was one of the most successful and important political leaders of twentieth-century Britain. In October 1935, Winston Churchill described him as “a statesman who has gathered to himself a greater volume of confidence and g
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A Difference Between Natures
Although very different in personality, the self-contained and often inflexible Neville Chamberlain and the emotional and often impulsive Winston Churchill had four things in common during their formative years. First, both had fathers who were among
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“To Have Worked with Him”
Winston Churchill said, “Politics is not a game. It is an earnest business.”1 There are few who have experienced the gravity of politics quite so acutely as he did, and during his own time in 10 Downing Street Churchill served alongside five men who
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“The Main End of English Statecraft”
World leaders regularly visit Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, a small town of 12,000 people with an enormous ability to attract heads of state. Winston Churchill’s historic appearance in Fulton, of course, stands above all others. His “Sinew
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MICHAEL McMENAMIN’S
Churchill famously wrote in his autobiography My Early Life that, after the death of his father in early 1895, “I was now in the main the master of my fortunes. My mother was always at hand to help and advise; but…she never sought to exercise parenta
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Turning Point
Every time I review a book for Finest Hour I am amazed by how many new angles historians manage to find from which to write about Churchill. Some do seem to be scraping the barrel; but, by focussing closely on a single critical year in Churchill’s li
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The Lion's Roar
Erik Larson tells the story of London under the Blitz with all its sound and fury, but also its unexpected joy. The Splendid and the Vile delivers the great saga with a novelist’s touch. It is like you are watching and hearing the days and nights of
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Came the Man
Winston Churchill became First Lord of the Admiralty for the second time at the start of the Second World War in September 1939. As in 1914, when Churchill held the office at the start of the First World War, he presided over the largest naval force
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Dazzling Duchess
When Hugo Vickers concludes, towards the end of this jaw-dropping biography, that Gladys Deacon “had lived a fuller and more varied life than most,” he is guilty of extreme British understatement. This was a woman who had been a muse, an object of in
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From the Editor
This issue commemorates the eightieth anniversary of Winston Churchill becoming prime minister in May 1940. Already the beleaguered year of 2020 has shown that Churchill remains the gold standard for crisis leadership. As political leaders around the
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In Memoriam Paul Addison (1943–2020)
With the death of Paul Addison, the world of Churchill studies is substantially poorer. No one claiming fully to understand Britain’s Second World War leader can fail to have read his pioneering study Churchill on the Home Front. Equally his biograph
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Justin Reash Paul H. Courtenay, James W. Muller Ronald I. Cohen Michael McMenamin Timothy Riley Stuart Ball, John Campbell, Iain Carter, Ophelia Field, Kenneth O. Morgan, T. G. Otte, David Stafford, Philip Williamson United Kingdom Fred Glueckstein,
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Letters
Finest Hour 187 ALEXANDRIA, VA—Your fascinating story about the ninth Duke of Marlborough did not take the opportunity to discuss Consuelo Vanderbilt’s very unusual mother. Alva Vanderbilt was married to a grandson of Cornelius Vanderbilt and spent h
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When the Lion Still Roared
With hindsight, the years 1945–51 seem like an interlude between Winston Churchill’s two premierships, while Clement Attlee and the Labour party held power. But Churchill had a remarkable capacity for making history out of office, as well as in offic
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The Hollow Men
The eightieth anniversary of the start of the Second World War was accompanied by a predictable flurry of works about British efforts to appease Germany up to September 1939. Adrian Phillips’ book is the latest of this kind and follows close upon sim
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David Freeman, Editor dfreeman@winstonchurchill.org Deputy Editor Justin Reash Senior Editors Paul H. Courtenay, James W. Muller Contributing Editors Ronald I. Cohen Michael McMenamin Timothy Riley Contributors Robert Courts, Antonia Keaney, D
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Yalta, 75 Years On
February 4–11 this year marks the seventy-fifth anniversary of the hotly debated Yalta Conference, the second and last wartime meeting between Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin, where the Big Three attempted to lay the grounds
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From the Editor
To understand Winston Churchill, it is necessary to visit Blenheim Palace. While Chartwell is the house with which he is most closely associated, Churchill did not purchase his estate in Kent until he was nearly fifty. The ducal lifestyle of Victoria
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International Churchill Society Affiliate Organizations
Please send updates to this list to info@winstonchurchill.org John David Olsen, Representative (0401) 92-7878 jolsen@churchillcentre.org.au G. R. (Randy) Barber, Chairman (905) 377-9421 | randybarber@sympatico.ca www.winstonchurchillcanada.ca AB–
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Letters
18 August 1908 BLENHEIM—My dear Winston, Your letter has given me much pleasure and a great deal of satisfaction. It is indeed a joy to feel that you are happy, and that you realise that in ensuring the content of another being, lies in no small deg
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The Antiquity of Woodstock
In the opening paragraphs of his biography of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill (1905), Winston Churchill describes the environs of Blenheim Palace. The cumulative labors of [architect Sir John] Vanbrugh and [landscape architect Lancelot] “Capabili
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Introduction
His Grace the Duke of Marlborough was born in Oxford on 24 November 1955 and educated at Harrow School and the Royal Agricultural College. He was styled the Earl of Sunderland until the death of his grandfather, the tenth duke, in 1972 and thereafter
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The First Duke and Blenheim Palace
In his multi-volume biography of his ancestor John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlborough, published from 1933 to 1938 as Marlborough: His Life and Times, Winston Churchill described the creation of the ancestral seat. The background: during the W
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The Seventh Duke of Marlborough
John Winston Spencer-Churchill was born on 2 June 1822 at Garboldisham Hall, Norfolk. He was the eldest son of George Spencer-Churchill, the sixth Duke of Marlborough, and Lady Jane Stewart, who was the daughter of the eighth Earl of Galloway. From h
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Winston Churchill
Blenheim Palace is famous for many things, and one of its leading claims to fame is that it happens to be the birthplace of a certain Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill—twice prime minister of Great Britain, accomplished writer, artist, and skilled br
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The Queen’s Own Oxfordshire Hussars and Blenheim
From the time of the first Duke of Marlborough (1650–1722) each succeeding generation of Spencers, Churchills, and Marlboroughs was active in the military service of Great Britain, and Blenheim Palace has been a part of that tradition. Each duke from
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