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January Anniversaries
Tens of thousands of people turn out to watch Lord Nelson’s funeral procession in London, with some purchasing tickets to secure the best view. The service takes place at St Paul’s Cathedral the following day – sailors refuse to fold the Victory’s fl
History Revealed1 мин. чтенияPolitics
The Levellers
Out of the chaos of the Civil Wars came a new political movement known as the Levellers, who believed in religious tolerance, equality, suffrage and popular sovereignty. The name itself was derived from a derogatory term for rural rebels. One importa
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Q&A YOU ASK, WE ANSWER
SHORT ANSWER Well, they didn’t call poor Franz Reichelt the ‘Flying Tailor’ for nothing LONG ANSWER In the early days of aviation, pilot safety became a priority issue rather quickly. The parachute had long been a firm favourite, but a Bohemian tail
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The Children’s Crusade
The Children’s Crusade is said to have been a failed popular (meaning not sanctioned by the Pope) crusade of 1212, mainly made up of children, with the intent of taking back Jerusalem. It is said to have been inspired by the crusades of Western Europ
History Revealed2 мин. чтенияWars & Military
Ready For Battle
When it came to choosing sides during the Civil Wars, it usually depended on who controlled your local area.There were three main types of soldiers within both armies: cavalry (horsemen), infantry (foot soldiers) and dragoons (mounted infantry who wo
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Did You Know?
In the 1870s, postal workers in the Belgian city of Liege attempted to train 37 cats to deliver the mail (fastened around their necks in waterproof bags). The experiment was not a success: the cats just wandered off. In 1903, Sherlock Holmes creator
History Revealed1 мин. чтенияPolitics
Your Essential Guide To The Civil Wars
The Civil Wars of the 17th century tore the British Isles apart, pitting Parliament against the King, and brother against brother. In 1642, disagreements and mistrust between Charles I and his government boiled over into the unthinkable – years of bl
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Warrior Women
Arguably the most important woman of the Civil Wars was the wife of Charles I, Henrietta Maria. Although the French-born queen has sometimes been overlooked, Professor Mark Stoyle argues that she was a far more pivotal figure in the conflict than is
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Four Things You (probably) Didn’t Know About Viking Life
Yes. If you look at the few surviving beds that we have, they're much smaller than a conventional bed. A reasonably average-sized person couldn't stretch out in one. If you look in some of the later halls, which have ‘bed boxes’ built into the walls,
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Everything You Wanted To Know About The Civil Wars
Q: How popular was Charles I as monarch before the Civil Wars? A: He certainly had his critics and I wouldn’t say that he was a particularly popular king before the Civil Wars. Charles came to the throne in 1625 and was almost immediately beset wit
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Swapping Dresses For Breeches
For those women for whom becoming a camp follower wasn’t enough to feel like they were contributing to the war effort, the only option was to pull on a pair of breeches and join the army. While some women donned men’s clothes so they could accompany
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TV, FILM & RADIO
One Night in Miami / on limited cinema release, then streaming from 15 January on Amazon Prime On 25 February 1964, a glib and fast-talking young boxer stepped into the ring with the most feared fighter of his day, Sonny Liston. Few gave 22-year-old
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Not Just British
Although we tend to see the Civil Wars as a conflict of the British Isles, involving men and women from England, Ireland, Wales and Cornwall (the latter was generally seen as its own distinct territory in the early modern period), several thousand pe
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The Gloves Are Off
With, according to Stoyle, as many as 30-40 per cent of Londoners able to read at this time, print was an ideal way of sharing religious and political views, and spreading rumours about your enemy. In 1643, the royalist faction launched a weekly news
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EVENTS & EXHIBITIONS
PAID ENTRY ltmuseum.co.uk A new permanent gallery has opened at the London Transport Museum, exploring the fascinating history of the capital’s buses, trains and trams during the World Wars. Featuring a huge range of vehicles and interactive exhibi
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Did You Know?
In 1644, Henrietta Maria gave birth to the royal couple’s last child, Henrietta Anne, as her husband’s enemies were closing in. Fifteen days later she was forced to leave her baby and flee to France. It would be two years before she saw her again. ■
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War Of Words
The Civil Wars saw a veritable explosion in printed material, as King and Parliament did all they could to win the three kingdoms over to their respective causes, and malign the reputation of their opponents. Printing presses churned out thousands up
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BOOKS & PODCASTS
William Collins, £25, hardback, 352 pages Charles Spencer has a knack for making seemingly remote historical events accessible for modern audiences. His latest book, for instance, suggests that the 1120 sinking of the White Ship was more meaningful
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A Nation Divided
After Charles I tries to impose a new prayer book on his Scottish subjects, they defeat his army at Newburn Ford and occupy Newcastle. In need of funds to pay them off, Charles recalls parliament. The new parliament meets in London. Before voting t
History Revealed1 мин. чтенияPolitics
Did You Know?
Many who had signed the King’s death warrant fled England after the Restoration. Those who remained or were pursued abroad were executed or imprisoned, with the exception of Cromwell’s cousin, Richard Ingoldsby, who was pardoned after claiming he had
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THIS MONTH… Three Podcasts On Ancient Greece
Step into the world of the ancient Greeks with this interview with leading historian Paul Cartledge, part of our Everything You Wanted to Know… series. It’s such a vast topic that the conversation, recorded in August 2020, is split into two parts – o
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Why Did War Break Out In 1642?
Charles I (right) had a fractious relationship with Parliament from the beginning of his reign, in 1625, not helped by his zealous belief in the ‘divine right of kings’. Like his father James VI and I, Charles considered himself answerable only to Go
History Revealed2 мин. чтенияPolitics
Killing The King
After years of bloodshed, leading parliamentarian army officers and some MPs came to the decision that the only way to restore peace across the nation was to remove Charles I – permanently. The decision was momentous: legally-sanctioned regicide in E
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Historical Fiction....
7 January 2021, Simon & Schuster, £14.99 During the chaotic early 17th century in England, Nat Davy realises at the age of ten that he won’t grow tall like the other boys – he’s different. He is soon hurtled into the realm of the royal court and gif
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Welcome
The Civil Wars of the 17th century turned life upside down for people all over the British Isles. As Charles I and Parliament fought bitterly for control, ordinary men and women were sucked into the conflict and families were ripped apart: brother fi
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3 Key Royalists
The daughter of Henri IV of France, Henrietta married Charles I in 1625 when she was just 15. Her Catholic faith saw her refuse to be crowned by a Protestant prelate, which caused tension within the royal court and with the public. During the Civil W
History Revealed1 мин. чтенияPolitics
What Came Next...
With the King dead, England was declared a Commonwealth and Free-State, Cromwell became the first de facto leader of the Council of State – a period known as the Interregnum. The execution of Charles I was not the death of the royalist cause – suppor
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Excerpt
The day dawned bitterly cold, and my breath billowed out in front of me as I followed the crowds to Whitehall. My old home was a barracks now, run down and shabby. They’d built a scaffold outside the banqueting hall, level with the first floor window
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This Month’s Big Numbers
3.6 The percentage of England’s population who died as a result of the Civil Wars. 100 The number of inventions created by entrepreneur Beulah Louise Henry by the time of her death. 6 The maximum number of months Richard I is thought to have spent
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Charles I 19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649
A shy, sickly child, Charles lived in the shadow of his accomplished older brother, Henry Frederick. Henry was extremely popular, even eclipsing his father, James VI and I, on occasion, but at 18 he died, probably from typhoid fever, and Charles beca
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