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6

2012

2012 .

..


( - )
, , XVXVII .
.
: , , ,
The paper is dedicated to Hebrew phrases referring to God found in some Russian codices of the
Pentateuch of the XVXVII centuries. The author examines the origin of this phenomenon.
Keywords: God, Bible, name, hebraisms

(, 1314) ,
: (ehyeh). , : , , (ehyeh) 1.
ehyeh asher ehyeh (
) . ,
( : Ego sum qui sum) ,
( 1581 .: ).
, : , , ,
, .
(ehyeh asher ehyeh)
, , : .
,
(
asher ehyeh). ()
, 2.
1
: Sic dices liis Israel: QUI EST, missit
me ad vos; ehyeh, , , , ( );
Ego sum Qui sum. . ( : King James Bible):
I am hath sent me unto you ( 1- , ).
, , , ,
ehyeh, asher ehyeh, :
384 ., : Sextum [Nomen Dei est] ESER IEIE, quod in Esodo legitur:
Qui est misit me [PL, XXII: . 429]. , , ,
, asher ehyeh (. : ). . .
2
. ( .): () [Field
19671975, I: 85]. , .

93

, ehyeh
. ,
, (),
. , (: , ) .
ehyeh
; , ,
(: , ) 3.
,
, .
, ,
: :
4, :
5. , 1751 ., , . .: ~
y (, . 304. / .-., 1, . 59; . V . V .);
3

, , ( ), .. .
, ,
. . [Benveniste 1966:
193], . [ 1974: 209; 2012: 4546].
4
( ) (
). , ;
, , ( ).
, . . (, . 1,
. 8 .): [][][] . w . # (. , 4);
~. . w . . [] . " # (. , 8).
. XIV .: [][][] . w . #; . w. [] , " #
(, . 256 / ., 8, . 7 88 .; . . [ 1886: 2324, 27]).
, . 1499 . (,
. 915, . 890; . . [ 1992: 427]), 1581 . [ 1581: . 64
. ], 1663 . [ 1663: . 503],
1751 . [ 1751: . 441 ]. . XIV . : [][][] w [].
. . #; w. [] [] []. .
. # [] (. . ., . 149).
5
.. [Pichkhadze 1995: 97] , * , : ( )
ehyeh asher ehyeh. . -,
,
(. [ 1996: 13]).
, ( . 2): . , ,
, ,
. , ,
, , . : (. XLIII, 25; XLV, 19; LI, 12);
.
. , 39, ( 1- :
...). ,
( ).

94

u (, . 304. / .-., 45, . 57 .; V .);


(, . 304. / .-., 44, . 54 .; V .); (,
. 1, . 57 .; V .); (, . 2, . 67/. 68 ; V .); (, . 3, . 48;
V .); ~ (, . 270 / ., 1 (. 1431), . 80;
V .); (, . 87 / ., 1, . 45; V .);
(, . 256 / ., 27, . 114 .; . V .);
(, . 173 / . . ., 12, . 58; . V .);
(, 17.16.33, . 94; . V .);
(, . 181 / , 279/658, . 90 .; . V .);
(, 45.10.6, . 84; 1487 .); (, . 310 / .,
1, . 43; . V .); (, .-. 2/7,
. 80 .; V .); (, . 915, . 34 .; , 1499 .); (, . 358, . 166; XVI .); (, . 17 ( 11.8.4); XVI .,
); (, 45.13.4, . 27 .;
XVI .); (. . ., F1951, . 78; 1514 .);
(, . 299 / ., 279, . 57; . XVI .);
(, . 256 / ., 29, . 44 .; 1537 .); u
(. . ., . 19, 109, . 97 .; . 1556 .6); (,
. 76, . 94; . XVI .); (, . 98 / .,
648, . 100 .; XVIXVII .);
1751 . [ 1751: . 89]
7. . , : [ 1897, : 92]. , , (893927),
, , -, 8.
, , 1581 ., ,
, : , .: [] []v:
[ 1581: . 26 . ]9.
6

. [ 1955: 385].

, , -, .
8
, ,
. (. , 1314)
(. [ 1986; Prophetologium, III; 1890
1893; Paroimiarion 18901893]) , ,
.
; , , . .
; , - , .
, -, (. [ 1988: 134135, 163; 1999:
142, 152 .; 1996: 10]).
9
. [ 1914: . 34 .].
1663 ., : []
wv : . , [ 1663:
. 20 .]. , ,
, . . [, 1985].
1663 . 1751 .,
, , . , w 1663 [...] # #, , # [
1751: . 2].
7

95

( ) , , (. , 14).
, , ( ), : # [] [ 1581: . 26 . ]10.
, 11 .
,
, , . ,
(. [Arranz 1991: 500; 1993:
14]). ,
( )12.
1499 . (, .
915), (. [ 1999: 204]), ( , . 34 .), .
: ,
13.
,
VV ., ( ) ,
(ehyeh asher ehyeh) , ,
. ,
, ( ) .
, ; -, (
) .
*

, . V . . (, . 256 / ., 27,
. 114 .) . .
(. )14, , -, ,
(. ); , .
10
. [ 1914: . 34 .].
1663 . (. 20 .). 1514 . : [] #
(. . ., F1951, . 78). .. 143- : ! , /
[ 1963: 141].
11
., , 1499 . (, . 915),
: [] [] [] # u
(. 34 .).
12
. ( ):
([ 1863, : 340], XVIXVII .: , . 113 / .-., 181/554,
. 292297). 15171519 .: [ ,
: 208]; . , : Ja sem kto sem
[ 1489: . 1 . d]. .
13
, ,
. [ 1890: 353; 1990: 7071; Thomson 1998: 654, 680681, . . 652]; .
[ 1905: 491492] . , 4. , 15691572 .; . [ 1990: 67; 1985: 450].
14
.. [ 1905: 497]: . , , , .

96

. I
,
. XVI . . ,
15. , ; , , -, .
, ,
.
, -
16.
, ( ,
, , .
[ 2002: 306, 11.2]. , , ( ), ,

,
:
, ,
, , , , ,
. , [o],
(. [ 1997])17.
, , , , , . : , ( , - )
.
.. ;
.
, ,
, , , , (, ,
15

. : [ 1911: 20 ( )]; [ 1956: 363 ( )].


16
. : [ 1911: 20 ( )];
[ 1956: 363 ( )].
17
. . - (,
. 113 / .-., 7, . 74 .).
4 , 6

97

, , )18. :
, 19, ,
, . , ,
: , 20.

21.
, ()
, : .
,
.
*

.
. V . (, 17.16.33)
(. 94). [] [] [] ,
[] , [] , [] u # (. III, 15)
[] ( ).
V . . - (, .-. 2/7,
. 80 .): ,
18
., , -
(. 134, 10 ), (. 138 ., 10- ), (. 139, 6-
), u- (. 140, 8- ); -u (. 134, 12- ), (. 142, 2 ), - (.. , . 143, 5- ),
(. 147, 4- ), u (. 209, 9- );
(.. , . 36 ., 10- ), - (. 41 ., 7- ), (. 50 .,
7- ), -# (. 86 ., 8- ), (. 87, 1- ), (. 115, 1- ), (. 185 ., 10- ),
(. 243 ., 7- ).
19
o
; . [ 2002: 296, 10.4].
20
, XIV ., , , ,
.. (. [ 1929: 8286]), . .-. .
, ,
. , ( XIV .)
(. [ 2010: 212, 326327;
( )]); . (. [
2000: 12]; . [ 1928: 199]); . . XIV . (, 34.5.20, . 87 .; . . [ . 1976: . 36]). , ,
[ 1929: 83, . 51], ,
.
, , . , - . (, Q..I.73; . . -, Sin. slav. 6 Sin. slav. 6/n; . . [Altbauer
1978; Tarnanidis 1988: 249281]) , , ; . [ 2004, 1: 9192].
21
., , (. 87, 7- ), w (. 88, 4-
).

, . , , u
( ) u-# (. 78, 11- ).

98

[] [] [] , [] , [] , []
u # [] ( ).
XVIXVII . . .. (, . 98 / ., 648)
(. III, 14) . . ,
# (. III, 14) (. 100 .); [] [] [] ... ( ).
, - ,
.. , , * 22.

, .
, ,
XV ., : [] [] v , : [] , []
[] [][] # u (, . 181 / ,
354/803, . 39). , , . , , ; ,
, 23. ,
, : ;
, 45,
(. )24.

. II
V . . - (, . 113 / .-., 7,
. 74 .). : 25 # ,
22
. ., V . (, . 299 / ., 453),
, ( ), ; ,
. .
23
, .
, ehyeh asher ehyeh, , . ,
, .
24
, ,
. - XV ., (,
. 304. / .-. 308; http://www.stsl.ru/manuscripts/index.php) " (. 217,
56 ); . [ 1917: 166, 172] ( , :
).
, , ,
( ); , ,
, .
1485 1490 ., 14871489 .; . [ 1972: 224225; ,
2003].
25
[ 1860: 139]: .

4*

99

# 26,
[] [] (. ). ( , ), ,
( ) , , -, , (
)27;
Z. , , ,
: * . ,
, , [], ; .
[ 1997].
.

. III
., V . (, . 299 / .,
453, . 123) : , . [] []
[ . . .] # @ .
: # @ # u . . V . (, Q.I.1407): . . . ; :
# u (. 132 .). ,
.
XV . V . (, F.I.1):
; : [] [] w[] [] []
[] u # (. 150150 . / . 146146 . );
[] [] .
, , ,
, . , 1493 . (, . 113/.-., 8) . , 14
[ . . .]
(. 102 .); [] [][] [ . ..] # u , .. , ,
* # u (. 102 .). VV . . - (, .-. 3/8) . , 14
(. 131)28; : [] [] []
[ . . .] # u (. 131 .).
26

[ ] , , ,
#, .
27
, (). ,
, , (. [ 1967: 125]);
( . [ 1911: 28]).
28
[ 1905: 497] : . ..., ,
~. . , . 30.

100

., V . (, . 1435)29. .. ,
(. , 14)
,
[ ( )]; , :
. : ... [] [] [][] # u
(. 455 ./. 454 . ). .. ,

30.
, (
. 27),
(), , .. ,
,
.
..
(. IV). - ,
( ),

. , ( . 27), ,
( )
.

. IV
,
29

, ( ). . 454595 ./. 453593 . .


30
.. ., . [Leaf 1976: 7; Birnbaum 1971: 249,
357].
.. . - (, .-. 3/8, . 131),
. , . , , ,
, (, . 1435).
( ?) , , , (,
, , ).
, , ,
.

101

: .. -, (
,
. 27).
, ,
( ) , ,
.
, . 1435 : ; : # u .
, ( ) , , : el adday ( ) * (. VI, 3; . 458/. 457
) , c (. V).

. V
[]
, [] [] .
.. ,
, .
, ., V . (, . 256 / ., 28, . 40 .), : (. VI)31;
( , ),
32. , , , . ,
, : [] .
(. , 14) (
): # ; (. , 15): []
[] [] [] [] [] [...] u #
[] [] : 33.
(. VI, 3; . 42),
el adday ( ;) . .
(. VI).
31
. [ 1905: 497]: . , , , (
).
32
. [] ( ), . . XVII . [ 1956: 365 (
)].
33
, ( [] ), . .

102

. VI

. VII
, ( )34, ., XVXVI . (, .
74/74, . 62 ./. 64 . ). :
, : [] (. VIII). : # u 35;
, , , .. .
(. VI, 3; . 65/. 67 )
(. IX). , , ;
, .

. VIII
34

. [ 1911: 18 ( )].
(. , 15) , ,
, , : []
[] v [] []w [][] [ .
. .] [] w[] (. VIII).
35

103

. IX
, ,
(, ,
), ( ), ..
. , ,
: [...] # u , . , , ,
-, , .. ( ),
.
.
.
*

, , , el adday ( ,
; adday ). , ,
V . (, Q.I.1407) (. VI, 3): []
"# u. u, u. [] , # []
(. 138138 .). , , (. , 14),
(. )36. . ., V . (, . 299 / ., 453): [] ...
(. 127).

. X
- ., XVI . (, . 113 / .-., 7, . 78), []
[] (. X)37. , , , ,
,
Z. ,
; , , , . ,
, (. 74 .; . III);
()
36
37

104

, , .
.. [ 1860: 139]: .

Z: Z , . , , :
. :
* .
- . 1493 . (, . 113 / .-., 8)
el adday ( ) (. 108);
- . VV . (, .-.
3/8) (. 137 .).
, (. , 1314)
- , ,
el adday. .
, . (, . 256 / ., 28)
(. VI, 3): [] "# , , , []
# [] (. 42; . VII) ,
(. , 14)
: [...] #
(. 40 .; . VI). . . (, .
74/74) (. VI, 3): [] "# u. u "u
[] # [] [] (. 65/. 67 ; . IX),
(. , 14) :
[...] # u (. 62 ./. 64 . ; . VIII). , . (, . 1435), , . VI, 3 * ( [] "#
u, u, Iu, [] *. # [], . 458/. 457 ; . V), . , 14 [...]
# u (. 455 ./. 454 . ; . IV). . (, . 256 / ., 27), . , 14
( . . , . 114 .; . ),
el adday, :
() , ;
, ehyeh asher ehyeh
el adday.
,
. . .. , XVIXVII . (,
. 98 / ., 648)
[] "# [] ... (. 105
. VI, 3) , , , . . (. 100 . . III,
14). , - . XV . (, .-.
2/7) . VI, 6 ( . VI, 3):
[] [] u : [] : (. 84); el shaddai
. VI, 338.
el adday (. VI, 3), (. XVII, 1; XXVIII, 3; XXXV, 11; XLIII,
14; XLVIII, 3) ( XXIV, 4, 16),
, , . adday
38
. [ 1999: 183] (, ). .. , [ ( )];
.

105

. XXXV, 11: [] #
(, 17.16.33, . 53 .; : , .-. 2/7, . 52; , . 113 / .., 8, . 6262 .; , . 181/, 354/803, . 14 .; , .-.
3/8, . 5 .; , F.I.1, . 98 ./. 95 . ; , . 113 / .-.,
7, . 40 .; , . 299 / ., 453, . 86; , Q.I.1407, . 85 .): , ,
. adday39.
, ,
, : . , 24 . X, 5. , 13501370 .
(, F.I.461) : , @. "
. "w [] ([, 2003: 103, . 229]; . , 24)40;
. @ # . "
[]# ([T : 161, . 243 .]; . X, 5)41. .
. .: . # # .
. [] ([. .: . 70 .]; . , 24);
12941320 . (, . 142): ..."
[] , 1271 . (, Q...13)
; ., [. .: . 70 .; . -. .,
IV: 67]. 1581 .: ..."
[] ([ 1581: . 125 . . ]; . , 24), ..."
[] ([T : . 128 .]; . , 5). 1751 . , ,
: ..."w [] ([ 1751: . 1374]; . , 24),
..." [] ([T : . 1385]; . , 5).
,
, . : ([Rahlfs 1935, II:
783] . , 5)42.
( . .) , -,
. , ( , , , ,
. .) ,
( ). , ( ..) , .. .
*

, , (adni

). , , 39
. adday omnipotens (, el adday
Deus omnipotens).
40
. : @ @.
w @. w . w [] . .
[] []. w [,
2003: 103].
41
. : . @ # .
" w @. [] . # []
[ : 163].
42
. , 24 , , , . [Ziegler 1977: 95 (.)]. (. , 24; , 5) . ( .)
(, VI, 4); . [Field, I: 14].

106

43; , ( ),
,
( ). , 1073 . :
[][] []... ([. 1073 .: . 103 .]; .: . VII,
5); . . []. #~
[] [] (. 104 .; . , 8);
(?) . : , : ~ ~ [...] "
@. ~ w (. 244)44.
.
. () [] [] ([. .: . 71 ., 79
79 .]; . , 4, XXXVII, 5, 9, 12, 14); 12941320 .
(, . 142); 1271 . (, Q...13)
(~) ,
. XLIII, 27 [. -. ., : 15]. , 1581 ., 1663 . 1751 . ,
(1640- .) ,
. , 1: , ,
[ : ]: [ 1898: 10];
, ,
.
, , , , , ., :
([Rahlfs 1935, II: 776 ., 780 ., 782 ., 838 .
..]; . V, 7, VIII, 1, IX, 8, XXXVII, 12)45. , XVXVI . , -, , ( ).
* * *

, .
,
IV . [ 1928: 186]46. ,
43
, , ,
(. XVI, 28) ( , 11). . [
1581: . 118, 123 . . ; 1663: . 95 ., 100; 1751: . 403, 420].
44
. : # [][] []u []
[] [ 1581: . 123 . . ; , , 11].
[ 1663: . 100], [ 1751:
. 420].
45
adni
( ), .
, ;
, . ,
. [Rahlfs 1935, II: 811, 812, 824, 831, 832, 836, 837] (. , 28, 46, XXX,10, XXXIII, 26,
XXXIV, 10, XXXVI, 13, 33); . [Idem.: 772, .] (. , 4). : (. XXXVII, 5),
(. XXXVII, 14) [Steininger 1856: 90].
46
. (
. .. , , . 3, XIV .): [ 1915: 210]. . [ 1953: 98] (XIIIXIV .); [ 1958: 411] (XIII .); [. .
XIV .: 415416, 276] ( . . XIV .; .. ).

107

( ): ., , [ 1967: 131].
,
[ 2002: 306307, 11.2]. - : , XV .
- 47,
48.
u, .. ; .
[ 1859: 128]; . [Kriani 1983: 44].
,
, ( ), . XIV . (, . 381,
53); 49.
: [] . [] ~ ~
[...] [] . . . . (. 173 .; . .
[, : 43]). , , (. [ 2002: 281
283, 9.3]).
( , , ): , , .
, . .
, , XV ., (. , 14)
: (, . 181 / , 354/803, . 39;
. ). . ,
- , V ., :
(, . 113 / .-., 7, . 74 .; . ); , , , , -, , ,
( ,
47
.: [ 1928: 186];
[c . . .] ( ),
XV . ( !)
... [ 1967: 131, . . 125]. . [ 1970: 4043].
48
. () [e]: (
g ~), ,
[e].
- , . ~ ,
, [je] [e] ,
- . ~ -
, .
, ~ g g : [je], [e]. . [ 2002: 178180
( 7.10.1), 306307 ( 11.2), 355356 ( 13.4)].
49
. 1073 . :
@. ~ w ([. 1073 .: . 244]; . ); # [][] []u [] [] ([ 1581:
. 123 . . ]; , , 11); . , . 44. . ,
. . , (. XXVII, 46; . XV, 34) [. -. ., I:
569].

108

). (. 78;
. X), ( ) Z (
, , ),
: . , , , , , . XVXVI . (, . 74/74) , ( ), ,
:
, - (. 62 . / . 64 . ;
. VIII), # u ( ;
. VIII) .; . 65 / . 67 ; . IX) ,
. ,
.
. , ( , ).
XVII .
( ), - ( - XVII . . [ 2002: 411426, 16.116.4])50.
, . , . - XV . (, . 304. / .-., 409;
http://www.stsl.ru/manuscripts/index.php)
( ), . : u# u u". # w u# . "
w . u .
" . ##. (. 116 .
117; . XI)51; . : www
50

,
- . ,
v#, , . 1620- . (, . 299 / ., 336,
. 1 ., 18 ., 82, 93 ., 111; . . [ 2002: 19, 46, 153, 174, 206]),
[ 1648: . 76]
[ 1896: 459460]; . [ 1975:
188]. . , [ 1896: 409]; , . 933, . 60 . ( .
XVII .); 1701 . . [ 1701: . 8, . . 11, 36]
.
.. [ 1911: 28], , , XVII . , ( 1640 .).
, (Alfabetum Rutenorum), 1639 .;
(Hans Flrich),
; . [Sjberg 1975: 1922, 13].
, 1710 . ,
. . , : [, 1949: 152];
. [ 1994: 115116].
51
(. [ 1997: 179182; 2002:
145146, 7.5.3]) : u#
u u", # w , u#: ;
" , , w , , u
, ", , , ##.

109

. XI
# (. 74)52; . :
...# # u # (. 16 .)53. , .
, , , -, (: # #...; ... . .).
, , . XV . (, . 304. / .-., 409; . XI) 52
53

110

: #.
: ... # # u #.

54.
, ( ): 55; ,
, .
(. 28 ., 57, 62, 81, 103, 111, 112 ., 128, 131, 132, 136 ., 144
., 148, 152, 180 ., 181 , 204 ., 218, 236, 241 ., 242, 260, 261, 289, 300 .) - ,
XVXVI . (, . 256 / .,
28, . 40 ., 42; , . 74/74, . 62 ., 65/. 64 ., 67 ;
. VI) . , -, , .
, ., , . XVII . . .. (, . 379 / . (= .
3954), 23, . 203) . XIX . (, . . . 17, . 20): [ 1960: 66;
1901: 88, . 33].
, , , , : ,
,
[], (. [ 1971: 300; 2002: 307, 11.2; 2001: 35)56.
, /,
() .
57.

XIV . . , ,
(
). (
) ,
58.
54

.. , (, . 304. / .., 409, . 152152 .), . [ 2011: 83]. ; , ( ); . [ 1901: 8788; 1904: 34; 2001: 35].
, XVI . ( " u" , ..
623/880), .
55
, ..
(., [ 1967: 126, . 58, 1-, 13]),
, , ,
, o ,
. - (. [ e: 111,
. 56, 4-, 9; 1928: 184, 3-, 3]),
; , [
1967: 111, . 56, 4-, 12 13], - .
56
-.
, ,
. XVII . .
57
. [ 1993: 191].
58
.. , - , , .
, , [ 1995: 144].

111

,
, .
() , . , ehyeh ( ,
. 256 / ., 27, . 114 .; . ), ( , . 1435,
. 455 ./. 454 . ; . V) ,
(/ , . 256 / ., 28,
. 40 .; , . 74/74, . 62 ./. 64 . ; . VI, VIII). ehyeh /
( , . 299 / ., 453, . 123) ( , F.I.1, . 146146 .;
, . 113 / .-., 7, . 74 .; . ),
( , . 181 / , 354/803, . 39; . ).
* * *
, , , .
, ,
, , , c ;
. [ 1999: 182184; 1996: 20; Thomson 1998: 652653]59. ,
ehyeh asher ehyeh el adday ,
60.
59
.. [ 1842: 30], . XV . .
(, . 256 / ., 27). , 5- ,
,
( ): , , , , , ,
w, , , , u,
(. 13 . 14). ( ) V . ., V . (, . 299 / ., 453, . 2324;
. , . V . (, 17.16.33,
. 7 .), . XV . (, .-. 2/7, . 12) - ., V . (, . 113 / .-., 7, . 10). , ; , , ,
, . , ,
, (
, ;
. . XVI . , . 76, . 1212 .).
, , .. [
1860], - . (, . 113 / .-., 7 8). , , . ( )
.. (. ).
60
, , 1514 . (. . ., F1951), . XVI .
(, . 299 / ., 279), . . XVI . (, . 76) XVI . (, . 358), . [ 1996:
21]. , .
. V . V . . - , , , ,
~ u [...] [] [][] [][] []
( 14 ), : # (,
. 304.I / -., 1, . 59). : [] [],
[] [] [] ". ,
- , ?

112

, , : , . .. ,
() [ 1999:
182185; ( )]61. , XV .
(, ) , ,
, . ,
()
, 62.
, 63.
.. ,
, ,
: ,
[ ( )]; . [ 1999: 183184,
d e]. , -,
() ; 64.
.

; () , .. , ;
. [ 1999: 30, 182; ( )]65. ,
61
,
, . [ 1903: 396, 399, . 1].
62
.
: , . 256 / ., 27 , . 299 / ., 453 (. , . 59).
(. V, 15) , ( ) , .. , ,
. ,
(. )
(. 197 .). (. 217 .);
XVIXVII . . .. (, . 98 / ., 648, . 172 .). , ( , ),
,
, , , .
63
.. , XIII . .:
, , , ., [
( )].
64
.. , , ,
[ 1865]; XIV . ,
, (. [Kulik 2012: 373374]. . .
(MS. Bodl. Or. 3, . 72
. 73 .; [Kulik 2012: 389399]).
65
.
[ 1842: 2930; , 18551917, : 8].

113

, , ; 66.
*

, . ,
, , (
),
, 67.
, ,
(. , 14). ( , , ehyeh
asher ehyeh, # ). ,

ehyeh asher ehyeh, (, . 1435, . 455 ./. 454 . ; , . 256 / .,
28, . 40 .; , . 74/74, . 62 ./. 64 . ; . IV, VI,
VIII). , ; , ehyeh asher ehyeh, -, .
, . , ()
66

,
, , , .
XV . (, . 173 / . . ., 12; . [, 18551917, : 9]), 1499 . (, . 915) 1663 .
[ 1663]. , ,
(. 810); ,
(
). 1663 .
, (. 67 . ),
.
, (
): ,
, 1499 .,
, .
, , , , .
, , , -,
(. , . 13), , .
( ) . , , ,
, , ( ,

10 ), . . 10 , . 7 . .
, ,
(. 19 .), (. 315) .
, , .
67
. , . 59.

114

(. [ 1905: 498]),
68. , ( ), () () : Nomen Domini tetragrammaton
in quibusdam graecis voluminibus usque hodie antiquis expressum litteris invenimus
[PL, XXVIII: . 550]69.
, , ehyeh asher
ehyeh, , ( ,
), . ,
, .. . :
, . , , .. , .
, 70
, 71,
(ehyeh asher ehyeh) (. , 14) ,
.. -, -;
ehyeh : :ehyeh
[Sperber 19591973, I: 93; Drazin 1990: 5859; Grossfeld 1988: 8;
Etheridge 1968: 350]72. ( Collegio dei Neoti ) - ,
ehyeh ( ) ; -
[Diez Macho 1970: 15; Diez Macho 19771988, II: 14; McNamara et al.
1994: 1920 . 13]73. ,
(. ., Ebr. 440) ehyeh asher ehyeh , ehyeh [Klein

68

,
.
69
. .; . [Burkitt 1897:
1516; Cohn 1899: 521522; Reider 1914: 347348; Traube 1907: 2728].
,
, : = YHWH/WHWH
( ). , ( ,
, . ); , . . [Traube 1907: 2830; Mercati 1941: 341;
Taylor 1900: 2627]; . [Follieri 1969: 1415 ( . 5)].
384 . : , quod id est, ineffabile
putaverunt, quod his litteris scribitur, jod, he, vav, he. Quod quidam non intellegentes propter
elementorum similitudinem, cum in Graecis libris repererint, legere consueverunt [PL, XXII:
. 429].
70
, ., , . . [Silverstone 1931].
71

. .
72
. , ;
- ehyeh (. [Grossfeld
1988: 89, . 16]). , , .
73
, . . [Fitzmaurice Martin 1963:
2627; McNamara 1966: 106].

115

1980, I: 164, II: 123; Diez Macho 19771988, II: 14]74. ,


c ,
[Tal 19801983, I: 228229; Brll 18731876, II: 65];
, - , , ,
[Paper 1973, : 59]75. ,
, ,
.
, , , , .
, , ,
. ., . , (el) adday
, -,
; - 76.
adonai, , , ,
.

(-)
. . . . ()
. . -
. .. ()
. . - . ()
. . ()
74

. [Hayward 1981: 1819].


- ( ):
, : ,
[Diez Macho 19771988, II: 15; McNamara et al. 1994: 168; Etheridge 1968:
450]; . [Grossfeld 1988: 9, . 16].
(. . ., Hbr. 110) [Klein 1980, I: 70, I: 36; Diez Macho 19771988, II: 15]. ,
, , ehyeh : EHEYEH hath sent me unto you [Etheridge 1968: 450].
75
- .
, [Paper 1973],
-, -, , . .
(Pers. 61; . . [Paper 19651968, XXIX: 78]),
1546 . (. [Walton 1657/1964: 107
]) , 1904 .
76
C. : [Sperber 19591973, I: 22, 74, 83, 97, 265, 266; Grossfeld 1988b:
73, 143, 155; 1988: 14; 1988: 136] (. XVII, 1, XLIII, 14, XLVIII, 3; . VI, 3; XXIV, 4,
16). -: [Diez Macho 19771988, I: 103, 191, 253, 325, 367; I: 31; IV: 231,
237; Maher 1992: 64, 98, 120, 142, 155; McNamara et al. 1994: 175; McNamara, Clarke 1995: 259,
261] (. XVII, 1, XXVIII, 3, XXXV, 11, XLIII, 14, XLVIII, 3; . VI, 3; XXIV, 4, 16). : [Tal 19801983, I: 108, 144, 184, 206, 240; Brll 18731876, I: 32, 42, 53, 59;
II: 68] (. XXVIII, 3, XXXV, 11, XLIII, 14, XLVIII, 3; . VI, 3). el adday , (. [McNamara
1992: 100, . 1, 138, . 1]). adday
[Sperber 19591973, IVA: 121; Beattie, McIvor 1994: 21] (, , 20).
- . . [Paper 1973, :
399, 776, 1022, 1290, 1434; : 124; IV: 804, 816]; . [Paper 19651968, XX: 82; Walton
1657/1964: 28, 52, 68, 86, 95, 111] (. XVII, 1, XXVIII, 3, XXXV, 11, XLIII, 14, XLVIII, 3; .
VI, 3; XXIV, 4, 16).

116

()
. . . ()
()
()
(-)

, 1985 .. , .. . (
1663 .) // 1981. ., 1985.
1988 .. . - : . // , , . (. 1988): . ., 1988.
1990 .. . // : . . ., 1990.
1999 .. . . ., 1999.
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. , . 1).
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1865 .. . , , , (
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1860 [.. ]. ,
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( ) .. . // XI
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1955 .. . // .
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1958 .. . .. // . . V. .; ., 1958.
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12941320 . (,
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1929 .. . - .
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1963 .. . / . . .. , . .. . .; ., 1963.
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1975 .. . ( ). ., 1975.
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.). ., 1994.
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I. , . 256/., 27, . 114 .
II. , . 181/, 354/803, . 39.
III. , . 113/.-., 7, . 74 .
IV. , . 1435, . 455 .
V. , . 1435, . 458.
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borisusp@gmail.com

83

122

. . . . - (Sin. slav. 6/n).