Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15

.. , ..

91-51
620090, 90,

,
, ,

1. - 5
2. ,
8
3. .. 13
4. .. 16
5.
.......... . 18
6. . 18
7. 20

-
- ()

;
; . .
[32],

,
.

-
.
( )

.
.
()
, ( )
, .
, , -
( ).
.
.
( ).
1 .


l
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26

Si

2
3

GaAs
GaAs



()


()

U/ R,
U/
100/50
300/75
6000/(50)
400/50
5000/1
1000/50
5000/50
3000/50
1000/50
100/50
1000/50
1300/50
200/50
400/50
1700/50
6000/(100)
1000/50
1000/50
1000/50
5000/50
1000/50
1500/50
2500/50
1000/50

t (t )

> 1
1

(1.3c)
5
. 5
1
50
20
1
1
70
0,2
(1,5)
1
2
20
1
1
1
(5)
1
80c
(0.8)
0,3

> 1
10
10

50/80

(80)

1
2
3
4
5
6
6

7
8
12
14
15

17
18
19
20
21

22

23
24
25

10
30
30
1
100
10
100
5
100
10
1
1
1
100
1
50
1
5
10

; - ; -
U, V (R , ); -

t , t ; - (f),
,
.
-
(~ U), f
. U [3]
.
,
[4] , 1, 20
~ 1. , .
[5]
~ 5 , , .
,
, .

.. [6]. (
) Si (220 221),
f ~ 10 t ~ 20 , GaAs [7].
1979 . .
1 [9,10].
, ,
,
. ,
,
< 1,
.

.
[9 13]. [14] [23]
.
f .
,
U ~ 50B t ~ 2 609 U ~ 500
t ~ 1 204.
1983 . .

[16].
I+ , t+ ,
I , t , :
t + + t < t
(1)
t - , :
t+

(2)
0

.
I I+ , I ,
- .
[1619], [18 19]
.
[21] ,
,
- . > 25% f =100 .

[22] , [23] -
- - [24].
: -
, - .
[25] .
t, .
,

, .1 [26].
.2, U

.1

, , L,
(. 1) (. 1),
, R. - .
t0
( .1).

I+.
L
- Ls,
,
. 1 (
1:1),
L . 16.
t0 t1. () ,

( )
,
.
.2
() ,
() t1, . . .
t1 t2 (),
, ( ),
. I.
:
(3)

(4)
Lm L = Ls I 2I+ ( t2)
I . , (2), ..

, ,
:
Uc (t2) = U (t0).
, t+ + t << t , , ,
.
t1,
, .
() - .

. , , ,
() .
.1 [21] -
.
, , . .1
.
f.
.
.3.
,
, - .
, t ,
t
t t

.3

.1 (, ).
(, ..)
, t 1 t2
t . (1) (4) ,
t << 0,3t 50 500.
.
.
. ,

f. ,
( , .1)
.
50- [27- 29],
L - . [28]
: , .4.

.4

. 4 . 1, , . 1
.
-
.
. [28] [29]
, ,
.5,
.
L,C1 .
[29] ,
.
.1
.5 .
,
( )
Ln ,

(.6)
.

. Ln,
,
,
.6
.
, () .
(t.) (U ) .

, .7, LES [33] :


= 1, 1.5, 2, 4RH ;
,
= 0.25 . 7, = 0.25, 1, 2 = 2, R = 1 . 7.
, = (1- 3)R , :
(5)
min t. mU 2RH
, U , t , R ( , R U )
<< t, , Ln I :
Ln = 2R t ;
I_ = (1,5 2) U/R
(6)
t , (4):

(7)

:
(8)
, , [27]
. ,
, ,
, .
n, .
:
S ;
S ;
1 - ;
- ;
- .
:
wn - n;
tn-1 - n, .. n-1 Ln ;
Ln-1 - n-1 .

, ,
In/In-1 = tn-1/tn

(12)
,
10% - 20%
.
. f 1
(78), , - .
, .
, , ~ 2 - 3 (~100 s ).
= 1. S
w 25,
, . .
,
.. (6) - (8) , t U . ( ),
( 2).
. 1
(.1) (.1). .5
. ,
, ,
,
( ).

. , , .
-
- .
, . . Ut

, .

[18, 19] 206, 210,
25 . 204, 220, 226, 20, 112-16, 112-25,
, 50 - 800 ,
. t = 10 - 150 c, I = 5 - 50
.1, t = 30 - 300 , I= 40 - 800
, .5. 2 .

204
220
226
230
112-16
132-50
123-320
143-800
2-320
133-400
143-800

Uo6p,

I,

I,

t ,

400
1000
800
1000
1500
1500
1200
1400
1200
2400
2400

0.4
6
1,7
3
16
50
320
800
320
400
800

5
60
10
20

1
1
0,5
1
10
15
30
10
30
40
60

/10,
15
50
20
60
100
400
2000
4500
1200
2000
3500

/200 ,
7
20
10
20
30
120
500
1000
300
500
800

. 8
.

. 9 , 226
t+ t.

. 10 - 14 50
. , 10
, .
:
1.
. (
) ,
(. . 8).
2. t+ + t
I+ "" -
(. . 9, ).
(2) (
.1), .
3. I+
t+ + t .

(.10 -12). ,
, .
4. ,
.
. 13 - , -
, - . I R > Ud , I - , Ud -
, , .13 , U = Ud c

Id rd , rd - .
, Id > 600
10 .
5. "" ( ) ,
, . .14
133-400-24 ()
123-320-12 (). (2),
, , , (2)
.
8 KB 24 .
,
. ,
. .
6. 204, 112-16, 112-25
. , ,
13
~ 1 /. 1 ( 11216 ) ~ 0,2 (204, 2 112 ),
,
. , . .
, .
U ~ 500 204 2 112. [22] ,
,
. 112-16 ~ 2 /. ,
.


.1 .5, :
-
;
- ;
- ;
- .
,

- .
t ~ 1
(. . 9 - 11).
, .15, .
,
, (.(4)
t ). 10% , . .
.


.
. 15
710
.
.
- .
,
Ln (. .6)

.
(.. ) Ln,
Un t < Un t+ ,
.
. .
~ (13)t.
.16.
1 2
- 2. 2 ,
2 - I+2 , R+ .
2 . I+2 ,
2 U , I+2 I+
1. 1 2 ,
, (
).
R > /2,
,
.16
,
.
. -
, . ,
.
-
,
.

(
), .17.
.
, 2

2 R ,
,
.
2 ,
.17

. L , t .


,
10 , -0,25, -0,5
4.3 - 4.7 [30]. . 18 .

.18

50 ,
85 - 100. .19 - 1, 2
- 2 2 - 3.

.19

1- 2
. 1,2
1,5 , ~ 0.2 25%.
~1 , t ~ 5 , f 50 10 , 20 , 1 ,
.

( ), [31].
,
, .20.

~ 1 .
w
50 w = 10 20.
1,2 ,
~ 2 .
3-5
25.
.20
0, 2 0,3 .

200400 50
t ~1 . 21. ,
. U
,
, .

. 21

. 22

1 50 t ~ 1 5,0 .22. f ( U )
, ,

.
.
.21 .22
-0,03. 1000,
1500, 2000, 3000HM .
4050%.
< 0,1 20700
.
.23
. 1
,

2.
1 R1
1 2. U=2 4 R= 50
t ~ 2 5,


.
. 23

.24. U =5
R=50 t ~ 2 t ~5, f 2. ,
,
~ 1,
.

W3
W2 LI L3.
,

123-320,
~10 (.14).

. 23 24


(.25)
U ~ 2,5
t< 1 t < 0,2. ,
,
.24
.

.25


:
1. U = 1B, t= 1, t = 4, f = 50, R 50 O;
2. U = 4B, t= 2, t = 6, f = 2,

R 50 ;

3. U = 5, t= 2, t = 5, f = 2, R = 50 ;
4. U = 10, t = 7, t = 15, f = 1, R = 50 ;
5. U = 2B,

t = 1, t = 1, f = 2, R =50 .

,
,
. .

1. .. . ., . ,
1973.
2. . , B.., . . , 1987, N2, . 90.
3. .., A.. , 1984, N3, . 113.
4. Oicles J.A., Krausse G.J. Power MOS fast switching techniques, "IEEE Conf. Res. 16th Power
Modulat. Symp.", 1984.
5. . ., K.., .. , 1988. N3, .164.
6. C.., .. , 1983, N2, . 97.
7. ., .., .. . , .12, . 21. . 1281.
8. .., .., .. . , 1988, N3, . 96
9. .., - .. . 1379, .5. . 15, .350.
10. .., - A.., .. . 1979, . S, . 16, . 961.
11. .., - A.., .. , .. , 1981, . 51, . 8,
.1709.

12. .., - A.., . . 1981, N4, . 135


13. .., .B., .. . , 1987, . 13, . 18, . 1089.
14. C.. , 1985, N1, . 113.
15. .., .., .. , 1983, N4, . 122.
16. .., .., - .., .. , 1983, . 9, .7, , 435.
17. .B., .., - .., . , 1984, N5, . 103.
18. - . ., .. , 1986, N1, .95.
19. C.. , 1984, N4, . 100.
20 . C. , 1986, N3, . 132.
21. B.. , .B. , 1988, N1, . 106.
22. . ., . ., - A.., .. , 1986, N1, . 93.
23. , . , 1985, N7, . 168.
24. .. . . : . , 1963.
25. ., ., ., . , 1988, N2, . 89.
26. .., ..
N4817347/21- 028180 11.03.90,
27. 2. 91.
27. W. S. Melville. Prjc. IEE, 1951, v. 98, N53.
28. . ., .M., .5., .. . ., .
, 1968.
29. .. , 1990, N1, . 23.
30. B.C. , 1990, N5, 223
31. . , 1971, N7, .3.
32. , 1991, N1, ., . .
33. .. . 87-144,
, , 1987.