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- 14-81

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:
1
2
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2013

1
129 ( B/H = 4/3).
( ). 3 ,
, 5 .
.
(100 % 2,5 ).
.
;
- (5 5) 5 . , SECAM
3B, :
: ( ),
, , ;
, ,
.

, -
.
SECAM3B:
: 100%, 53 %, 6 %, 0 %,
30%; : T = 64 , T = 12 , T. .. = 1,5 ,
T. . = 6,0 , T . = 4,5 .
: ) = 0,18; = 0,08.
2
( 4/3) ()
() ,
( ) , SECAM3B,

.
2.1. :
) , , ;
) .
2.2.
.
2.3. , .2.2,
( ).
2.4.
( 16).
.2.1,
; ,
.
2.5. ()
: = 40 = 30 .
2.6. ;
, SECAM-3B.
3
( )
( ).
:
3

) imax = imax = 1,0;


) 10 15;
) : = 15 , = 3,0 ;
) :
N = z/5N, z ; N ;
: Nz1 Nz2
.
i = f(t) i = F(i):
) ;
) : i - i - .
4
.
1.
:

=
2.

. ,

+ 0,25

0,02 .

: = f(

), ,

, , 4,406 4,25 ,

1,25

= 1,52 4,756 3,9 .

,
.
, ).
3.

K (F ) =

f
fo
1 + i16 F
F=

0.23
fo f , f0 = 4.286 ;
1 + i1.26 F
,

f = 2.75.9 .
0,23 K (F ) [] ,
, []
. .
1.

2.

DR DB :

3.

: DR ' DB ' :

DR ' DB '
:


: [].
4.1

ER-Y, EB-Y,

FR ,

FB ,

ER
,

EB

5
,
.5.1, 8

EY,

ER-Y , EG-Y EB-Y ,

. ( SECAM-3B)
.
( );

( , ,

). :
:
;
:
;

. 5.1. 8
6

5.1.

5.1

1
0
1
0

0.89
0.11
-0.89
0.11

0.7
-0.7
0.3
0.3

0.59
-0.59
-0.59
0.41

0.41
0.59
0.59
-0.41

0.3
0.7
-0.3
-0.3

5.2 .

. 5.3 ER-Y

0.11
-0.11
0.89
-0.11

0
0
0
0

. 5.4 .

. 5.5 ER-Y

1.
. . 1. ) - )

.

.
:

)
. 1. ) B/H=3/4; )
; )


( 5x5 ).
:

, :

1 52/120 = 0.433
= 100.433 = 4.33
= 80.433 = 3.467

2.
2.1. ) :

10

:
, SECAM:

t= 12 , t=64

:
, SECAM

t=4.5

) :
:

:
11

2.2.
.
:

,
= 0.18 = 0.08 -
.
2.3. :

:
12

2.4.

. 2.
: ) ; )
.
:

:
13

2.5. ( ) :

( ) :

2.6. 1/90=0.011
, SECAM - 3 -
(z = 1925, SECAM - 3 z = 625).
.
, , , ,
,
, .

3.
:
.
:

14

1 :
I 1 = 1.0
I 1 = 1.0 1/z= 0.999
2 :
I 2 = 0.0
I 2 = 0.0+1/z =

. 3.
.

15

. 4. ) (B=15 , H=3 )
;
) 1-
2- .

4.
, :
1- () :
ER-Y = 0;

EB-Y = 0

2- () :
ER-Y = 0.11;

EB-Y = - 0.89

3- () :
ER-Y = - 0.7;

EB-Y = 0.3

4- () :
ER-Y = - 0.59;

EB-Y = - 0.59

5- ():
ER-Y = 0.59;

EB-Y = 0.59
16

6- ():
ER-Y = 0.7;

EB-Y = - 0.3

7- ():
ER-Y = - 0.11;

EB-Y = 0.89

8- ():
ER-Y = 0;

EB-Y = 0

DR DB , :
1- () :
DR = 0;

DB = 0

2- () :
DR = - 0.209;

DB = - 1.335

3- () :
DR = 1.330;

DB = 0.450

4- () :
DR = 1.121;

DB = - 0.885

5- ():
DR = - 1.121;

DB = 0.885

6- ():
DR = - 1.330;

DB = - 0.450

7- ():
DR = 0.209;

DB = 1.335

8- ():
DR = 0;

DB = 0

DR' DB' , :
1- () :
DR' = 0.25;

DB' = - 0.02.

2- () :
DR' = 0.041;

DB' = - 1.355

3- () :
17

DR' = 1.58;

DB' = 0.43

4- () :
DR' = 1.371;

DB' = - 0.905

5- ():
DR' = - 0.871;

DB' = 0.865

6- ():
DR' = - 1.08;

DB' = - 0.47

7- ():
DR' = 0.459;

DB' = 1.315

8- ():
DR' = 0.25;

DB' = - 0.02

(. 5-8)
.
1 2 (. . 5):
FR 1 = 4.49 ;
FR 2 = 4.43

5.

FB 1 = 4.25
;

FB 2 = 3.95


18

(-

) .
3 4 (. . 6):
FR 3 = 4.84 ;

FB 3 = 4.55

FR 4 = 4.79 ;

FB 4 = 4.05

6.

) .
5 6 (. . 7):
FR 5 = 4.06 ;

FB 5 = 4.65

FR 6 = 4.01 ;

FB 6 =4.16

19

(-

7.

(-

) .
7 8 (. . 8):
FR 7 = 4.53 ;

FB 7 = 4.78

FR 8 = 4.49 ;

FB 8 = 4.25

8.


20

(-

) .
:

. 9.
.
,
, []
.
. 1.

.1. .

ER-Y,

EB-Y,


21

EB

,
FR ,

FB ,

ER


1
2
3
4
13

5
6
7
8

0
0
0.25
0.11 - 0.89 0.041
- 0.7 0.3
1.58
- 0.59 1.371
0.59
0.59 0.59 -0.871
0.7
- 0.3 -1.08
0.89 0.459
0.11
0
0
0.25

- 0.02 4.49
-1.355 4.43
0.43
4.84

4.25
3.95
4.55

0.4 0.28
0.25 0.62
0.78 0.4

-0.905 4.79

4.05

0.76 0.58

0.865
- 0.47

4.06
4.01

4.65
4.16

0.58 0.6
0.57 0.4

1.315

4.53

4.78

0.42 0.65

-0.02

4.49

4.25

0.4

0.28

. 2.

. 2.

1
0
0
0

0.89
0.11
-0.89
0.11

0.7
-0.7
0.3
0.3

0.59
-0.59
-0.59
0.41

0.41
0.59
0.59
-0.41

0.3
0.7
-0.3
-0.3

0.11
-0.11
0.89
-0.11

0
0
0
0

0.25
-

0.041
-

1.58

1.371

-0.871 -1.08

0.459

0.02

1.355

0.43

-0.905

0.865

1.315

0.25
-

22

-0.47

0.02

10. .

. 11. E R-Y

. 12. EB-Y

23

. 13. G-Y

. 14.
D'R.

. 15.
D'B.

1.
2.
3.
4.

/ . . . . .: , 2002. 640 .
/ . . . . .: , 1979. 432 .
. . . : , 1988. 215 .
. . : . : , 1995.
100 .
5. . ., . . , : .
/ : - , 2008. 76 .
6. .. . : , 1994.
380 .
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