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1.

010.

R ma x =20

=90 0

max =10

=90 0

h =5

=1,5 2

V Rmax =2000
/

R =75

= 3 0

= 3 0

R =2,5

=0. 3 0

=0. 3 0

2.

(
) .
,
.

,
.
(

)


, . .

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,

.
.
,
. . .

(
).



3.

,

.

. ,

.
,
(
).
.
,

.
,

7.

4.
,

(1).

.1. .

:
T =

3
2 R
k
max = 2 2010 1.2 =160
c
3 108

(4.1)

,
k =1.2

:
c =3 108 /

1
1
F =
=
= 6,25
T 160106

(4.2)

:
=

2R
275
=
= 0,5
c
3108

(4.3)

:
4 L2
D =
a
2

k
L = 2a
0.5

(4.4)

k a =0.8- 0.9,
2
= = =1o =0.052

0.5


.
. =0. 6- 0.8.

2
2
k

0.9

D =4
=4 0.8
=3000

a
2

0.052
0.5

(4.5)

:
4
3 505 1.381023 290
4
(4 )3
(4 )3 Rmax
K K kT
10010
0.000016
p 0

E
=
=
=

2 1,52
D2 2
3000
2
a

(4.6)

=50

),
k =1.3 8 10 -23 /

,
0 =29 0

,
=4- 10

.

, .

,
.
.


[1].

500

.
.
=10
.
:
E
= = 10103 0,510 6 = 5

(4.7)
:
=

0.000016 0.000016
=
=5.7
E
0,005

=5.

(4.8)

k
0.90.05
a
L =
=
=1,2
2
cos(0.5 ) 0.052cos
0.5

,
[5]:

6 +10106
3 108
0,510

c +

=1575
(4.9)

R
=
=
min
2
2
=10

1,6 .

1,6

(.2).

.2. .

H
h
=arctg100005 =81
= arctg max

1600
min

(4.10)

= 40,50

.
43 0 (.3).

.3. .

k
0.90.05
a
L =
=
=1,1

2
cos(0.5 )
0.052cos(0.581)
0.5

(4.11)

(4.6)
.

.
=0.0 5

[2],

10%.
(1.1) 4 =1.4 6 .
,


(1.1) 2 =1.2 1
, . . 3630.

0.1 .

,
,

50[5].

:
L =10lg

=10lg10000=53

0.05

(4.12)

t =

3
2R
min = 2 1,610 0,5106 =10

c
3 108

(4.13)

.
, ,

5.

,
.

[3]:
(5.1)

F
1250
n =
=
=125
F
10
m

Fm =10

[3]:
2
2 = 1
n

(5.2)
12

.
:
1/2
1/2
2

=
=
=(0,3 125)
=3.38o

n

1
1

.
1/2
1/2
2

=
=(75 125)
=28

.
n

1R R

/
(
)
:
2

q=

2
0.5 =

1

.
q=

R
=

1R

0,052
=0.505
0,059

(5.3)
75
=1,514
28

M 1 q2 M 1 q2
exp ;
exp < 1

2
4
2


4
pA =
M 1 q2

1
;
exp 1

2
4

(5.4)

:
=/=32 0

..
[6] :

f ( q) g( q) = 0
2

q M3
f ( q) = ln
4 6

2
(
)
g
q
=
ln
q

( )

20

(5.5)

20
16
12
8

( )
g( q )
f q

4
0
4
8
12
16

20

20

5
q

10
10

q =9,
q =10 .

[2]:
K =
p

(5.6)

E
.min
N
0

min

,
N 0


/
,

[2]:
q=

2 E
min
= 2 K
p
N
0

(5.7)
q2 102
K =
=
= 50 =17
p 2
2

[2],
:


-
: 0.5;

-
: 2;

-
0.8
: ;

2.5
: .

K = 17+ 0.5+ 2 + 0.8+ 2.5 = 22,8 = 191


p

(5.8)

0.1 125

0
F=12 5 0 .

90 90 0 .

(.4).

:
2

t
= t n = 90

(5.9)

:
n =

90
= 30 3



(
)
0
= = = 3 -

:
V =

30
=10

t .
3

V =

n
t

30
= 300

0,1

t.
=tn = 300,1= 3 -

(5.10)
(5.11)

.4. .

6.

:
3
2
2
E
D2 2
a
=5 10 3630 0.05 1,5 =6.2
E
=

min
4
(4 )3 R
(4 )3 200004

(6.1)
R =Rmax

.

min

.

,
.

:
E
4
R
20000
.max
D =10lg
=10lg max =10lg
=44,15
c
E
R
16024
.min
min

(6.2)

Dc 5
.

(
):

. .5

.5.
.
,
, , ,

.
.


1
1
=
=2
.

0,5 106

F
=
.max

2 V
max = 2 2000 = 80

0.05

(6.3)

1.2- 1.4 .
= 8,2

=10
-

=10103 0.510
=
= 31,25

T
160106

(6.4)

7.


1.

.
()

()

() ,

(
).
( ).

( ),

().

(
2,3).
()

.

,
, ,
.

:
,
,

( )
.

,
() ,
.
,

,


.
.
,

.


:

90o
Q = =
= 30

3o

(7.1)

2.

()

(),
.

.


(
),
.

N
N R ,

(
).
,

.
0 ,
N R .

.
.
N R .

.

. ,


(
).

,
, ,
N R


.
, ,
.
N R
.

.

NR .

.
N
N 125
.

128

, N

N R .

R .

,
,
N R
,
0 =NR .

.
,

, :

R
=
R 2 3

R =

c
2

(7.2)

.
R

,

3

.
=2,5,

=15.

R
R
R =
2 3 =152 3 =52
R

(7.3)

1
F

c
3 108
F =
=
= 2,885
2 R
2 52

. . ,
.

N R
:
R
20000
N
= max =
= 385
Rmax R
52

..
10- .

(7.4)

(),
, 3, ,

,
.

(
), , .

(
)
,

(
)
.

(),

- (),
,

, 2-
.



- .

.
180 0 .




.

().
,

.
()

. ,
,

(.6).

.6.

.
,
.

.

.
.
, 125 .

,
.

,
.
,
,
.

.

,
.
.

.
,

.

:
90 90
=
= 900

3 3

.. 13
.

:
F = 6,25

8.

,

,
.
,
, , ,

,
,
.

[2].

.
,

.
,

,
[2]:

0.05

=arcsin
=arcsin
=0.14324
min
4 h
4 5
a

R =Rmax

:
H
=R
sin
=50
min
max
min

.
1.

.
:
.
,1976- 1978. .1-4.
2.

/
..
:
.
,1970.
3. .

1987
,
.
4.

/
..

:
.
,1978.
5. . . .

. .:..,1990
6.
. .

:
.
,1973.