Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 192

-

4 (9) 2011


-

4 (9) 2011
2003 .


. . (, -
, - . , ., ),
. . (- , ., , - ),
. . ( ,
- . , , ),
. . ( -),
. . (- . , ., , ),
. . (. .
, . . , ),
. . (- , ., ),
. . (- . , ., , )


. . ( , - . ),
. . ( , - . , ., ),
. . ( ), . . (- . , .),
. . (. . , ), . . (. ),
. . (- . , ., , ),
. . (- . , ., )

: . . , . .
: . .
: . .
: . . , . .


-
2-7528 18.04.2005
191186, -, ., . 2. . .510, . 312 85 73.
www.spbguki.ru e-mail: sv-spbizdat@mail.ru . 05313 09.07.2001
24.11.2011. 60841/8. . . . 24. . 500 (1- 1250). .
c - .
195251, -, ., 29
80434
ISSN 2220-3044

- , 2011

C O N T E N T S
Culture Studies
. . . -
(Sergey N. Artanovsky. Globalization and de-globalization) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
. . .
(Andrei A. Krivdin. Ornament as a way of comprehension of the world in the symbolical form) . . . . . . .15
. . .
(Ilja G. Eliner. The information society era of postmodernism
and the problems of media culture) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
. . .
(Marina N. Khramova. The real beast in the area of modernity) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

,
Library science, Bibliography, Bibliology
. . . 19171921 .
3. (19181921 .)
(Galina V. Mikheeva. Recommendatory bibliography in Russia during 19171921.
Part 3. Bibliographic activities in the Red Army (19181921)) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
. . .
(Mikhail Y. Matveev. Problems creating an image of traditional libraries
in the electronic environment) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
. . :
(Simona Petraityt. Organizational basis of the work
of the university library: a theoretical approach) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
. . -
(Vincas Grigas. Librarian educator: in the context of foundation orientations of higher education
paradigm variation) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63

Art History
. . .
XVII XVIII . (Julia I. Arutyunyan. Up to the problem of reception of medieval
traditions in the art of XVII beginning of XVIII centuries). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
. . . (Svetlana T. Makhlina. Empire style in Russia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
. . .
- (Vladimir A. Vasilev. The evolution of the Russian choral
culture and problems of improving the conductor-choral education) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
. . . - XIX .
(Vera V. Kornilova. St. Petersburgs illustrated magazines for children in 19th century) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82

Museology
. . . 1930- .
(Irina A. Kuklinova. Theory and practice of museum activities in France in the 1930s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
. . .
(Larisa P. Barutkina. Multimedia in contemporary museum exposition). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

Contents
. . .
(Anton M. Timofeev. Acquisition
by museums and the reshaping of industrial monuments of architecture on the example
of malting plant Bavaria) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
. . .
: (Anna E. Petrakova.
Siana cups by the C Painter and vase-painters of his circle in the State Hermitage Museum:
to the question of attribution and dating) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
. . .
- (Elena V. Starinkova. To a question on methodology
and terminology of the description of applied art objects) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
. . . :
, , (Valery P. Porshnev. Verbal collecting
in the ancient world: the profession, way of life, the literary genre) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
. . . . , -
(Andrey S. Mukhin. Robinson Crusoe. Adventure sailor from York, or the novel-museum) . . . . . . . . . 143

History
. . .
(Grigory A. Tishkin. Some results of research on the history of the university
education in St. Petersburg). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
. . .
(. . ) (Natalia A. Lebedeva. Educational activities
of the Moscow metropolitan Platon (P. E. Levshin) in the era of Russian education). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
. . .
(Nikolay I. Petrov. On the Christian name of the kievan prince Askold) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
. . . -
(Artem A. Popov. To the question of the tempory of the foundation of the real independence
of Greco-Bactria). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

Personalia
. . , . . , . . . (19412011)
(Rafail Sh. Ganelin, Albina S. Krymskaya, Stanislav A. Zjuzin. Grigory A. Tishkin (19412011)). . . . . 181

Reviews
. . . . .
(Vadim E. Semenkov. Review of the dictionary Sociology of religion by Mikhail Y. Smirnov). . . . . . 185
. . . . . , . . XVIIIXXI . (Eleonora L. Rybakova. Review of the
monograph Russian-Austrian cultural relations in the 18th21st centuries by Natalja M. Bogolubova
and Julia V. Nikolaeva. ) . . 187

Scientific life of University


2011.
(The St. Petersburg forum of culture 2011. Round table Actual questions of
education in the sphere of culture) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
(Information about authors) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190

Culture Studies

008:32
. .
-
-. , , .
, .
, .
: , -, , , , , , , - , , , , ,

Sergey N. Artanovsky
Globalization and de-globalization
In the article the author analyzes the recently appeared in the scientific literature the notion of
de-globalization. Hypothesis, according to which the unity of the ancient world in the era of the rise
of the Roman empire can be considered as globalization, within the limits of the geographical area
known in ancient times. Next, it is about the failure of globalization in the period prior to contemporary
globalization. Finally, we consider modern globalization and its her opposite strength.
Key words: globalization, de-globalization, multi-polar world, the globalization of the Ecumene,
de-globalization of the Ecumene, the crusades, the nation, the nation-state, de-granting sovereignty
of nation-states, national culture, patriotism, the modernization of Russia, the struggle for resources,
financial pyramid
. , , ,
,
.
,
, -
, .
-
-
-.

, . -
, .

,
.
.

, , 6


. ,
, .

,


, .
, .
-

. ,


- .
.

,

.

2011

-
. ,
,
.
. , ,
.
.
, . .

, . ,
,
. , , , , .

.
,
,
. , .
, .
,
.
, ,

. , , .

,
(, )
.
,
. , . (
.) ,

,
. .
, ,
.

. ,
, ,
. Pax Romana
-.

. -.
.
. ,
,
.

,
.

, , ,
.
,
. ,
(XIXIII .) ,

.
60-. XX
, ,
,
. XX XXI . ,
,

. 1999 .,
1991 ., 2003
2010., , 2011. , .
,

, .
.
,
XVIXVIII .
XVIII
.

. ,
7

. .
.
,
. ,
, .

XVIII. , - .
,
.
XVIXVII .
, - .
, ,
. ,
.
.
,
.

-
.
, .
.
, , ,

,
,
.
.
- ,
, .

XIX ,

, .
,
. , , .


, , ,


8

,
.
, - XIX ,

. XX .

.
XIX . .
, ,
-,
.
.
?,
1871 . 1.
.


.
, , , ,
. .
, ,
,

. , ,
,
, , ,
,

. , ,
.
.
,

, ,
.
,
,
. , -

2011

-
. . , . (
) , .

.
, . , XVIXVIII .,
, ,

,
.
, .

, .
, ,
. , , ,

,
(,
)2. 1946 .,
,

-
1951 .

, .

,
.
, .
, ,
.
,
, . .

.
, ,

, , ,
-.

. XVIII .
. ,

.
, . , ,
, ,
, ,
.
, , . ,
.
, 1815 .,
, .
3,
1836 .
.
. ,
, .
,
, ,
.
.
1939 .,
20- ., .
,
. ,

, , ,
I, .
,
. .
,

,
- , .
, , ( ) ,
.

, 9

. .
.
, .


, . 1988 .

. , 50- . XX .
.
, , -.
.

, .
,

, , , ,
, ,

. ,

.
XX . . ,
.
, ,
, .
,
,
. , 20- .,
. ,
30- ., ,
.
,

.
, ,
. ,
, ,
. , , ,

. ,
, . ,
, ,
10

, ,
,
, , -
.


. , ,
. ,


. , ,
, .
. ,

.
- .
:
, , 4:
, , ,
!5

, ,
,
.
, , , , . ,
,
-
. , ,
. , ,
. ,

,

.
,
,
,
, , , .
-

2011

-
,
- .
,
,

, ,
.
.

.
. ,

.
.
, ;
,
.

,
, -
,
,
,
.

,

,
- 2011 . .

: -, , -,
; , ,

,
.
. . . . .

. -
.

.

. , , ,
, .
.
, , .
,
,
, , .
.
.
.
, .
?
,
. . . ,
, .
,
.
, ,
,
,
? ,
. ,
, ,
, .

,
. ,
, , ,
, . , ,
.
.
, ,
.
.
, ,
. .
. .
,
.
90- .,
.
11

. .
,
.
, ,
, ,
, 6.
, , - . , ,

,
( ).
, , - ?
? , , . ,
?
,

, .
, , .
,
,
.
.
, ,
,
. ,
,

. ,
,
, 40- . .

-.

, , ,
.
, ,
. ,
. , ,
,
. .
,
.
12

,
-.
.
XX
, , .
.

. , ,
, , .
, . ,
,
.
.
, ,
, ,
. ,
,
.
. ,

. , ,
- .

. ,
, ,
-

.
.

. ,
,
, .
2008., , , ,
, ,
.
.
, ,
.

2011

-
, .

.
1945 .

, . . ,
1990-.
, ,
, , , - ( ,
).

.
,
,

XX . ,
, ,
, .
,
.
120
,
, .
?!
, .
XVIII .
,
.
, .
. , .
XIXXX .
, , , -, ,
, .
, -
. . ,
.
, . .
,

.
, .

:
. ,

,
-, .
-
? , , ,
.
.
, , . ,
.
, . ,
. ,
,
,
, ,
, , ,
,
. .
,
, . ,
.

. .
,
. . ,
,
,
,
.

. .
.
,
, .
-?
(, ) ,
- ?


.
.
.
13

. .
.
.

. . ?: , . 11
1882 . / . . . : , 1882. 43 .
2
. = The Chrysanthemum
and the sword: / . . .
. ; . . . . 2- ., .
.: , 2007. 357 .
3
. . : : 2 . .:
. . , 1815. 50 . .:

14

. . .:
. .
. . (17751840); (17771846).
4
. . XLIV ( ) / . . . . .: ,
1977. . 121.
5
. . XLIV ( ) / . . // :
.: . . - . . URL: http://
samlib.ru ( 01.09.2011).
6
1974 .
,
, .
.

2011

7.016.4
. .

. .
: , , ,

Andrei A. Krivdin
Ornament as a way of comprehension of the world in the symbolical form
The ornament is considered as a special way of comprehension of the world. Attempt of consideration of traditional art from the point of view of various areas of knowledge and the analysis of mythological type of consciousness is undertaken.
Keywords: ornament, mythological consciousness, traditional art, cultural science


- .

.


.
.


.
,
.
,

. , . ,



. .

,

,

.


, , . . -,


,

, , 1.


.

.
,
.

- ,
, .
, , ,
.

,
.
,
, ,
, 2.

, .
15

. .
, ,
, ,
.

() ,

,
.


,
,
,

.
, - ,
, ,
, ,
, 3.
, ,
,

-4.

, ,
, ,
.
, ,
,
5,
,
, . . ,
,
.

.,
. , , ( ) ,
,
. , , ( ) ,
.
, . ,
, 6.
, ,

16

, ,
,
.
-
:
,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, , ,
7. ,


,
.

,
.
- ,
, , , .
- , ,
,
,
.
.
,
,
,
. , ,

, ,
.
, ,

. ,

, -, ,
( ),

, 8.
, ,

2011



,
.

, .

.
, ,
,
, :
.
, . ,
,
: ,
, , , :
, , , . .
, ,
9.


.
.
, ,
. , ,
, ,
,
.
,
10.
,
- ,
. , ,
,
.
, ,
, ,
, , ,
,
. , , , ,


-,
11.
, , ,
. ,
, ,
.


,
:
12 .
,

, .
,

, .

, , ,
.

,


.

1
- .
. .: , 1937. . 7.
2
. .
: . . // . . . . . . 2010. 3.
.255263.
3
- . . c. . 7.
4
.
5
.
6
. :
. .: . : , 2005. C. 82.
7
- . . c. . 8.
8
. . 9.
9
. .
// : . . . URL:
http: // spkurdyumov. narod. ru ( 16. 09. 2011).
10
.
11
.
12
.

17

004.357:008
. .


, . .
,
, , , - .
: , ,

Ilja G. Eliner
The information society era of postmodernism
and the problems of media culture
In the article the author observes the interaction between two complicated open and flexible systems
society and multimedia culture. He reveals the characteristics of multimedia culture phenomenon in relation
to time (postmodernism) and place (innovative cultures of developed postindustrial societies). The author also
examines inner system-constituting factors of multimedia culture such as structure, functions and denotation, and
outer system-constituting factors which determine dynamics of development such as politics, economics, ideology
and scientific-technical achievements.
Keywords: society, multimedia culture phenomenon, innovative cultures

,
, , ,
.

, ,
, , ,
, , ,

.

, , .
. , . ,
, ,
,
1. ,

, ,
18

,
2 , , ,
.
, ,

,

, .

, ,

,

.
, ,

, .

,

.

2011



(, , ),
, , , .
,
, ,
,
-

, - .
, :
, ,

, , , , , .
,
,
,
.
,
-
,
.
,
,
,
,
, ,
,
. ,

, , ,
, ,
. , ,
, 3,
, , ,


, .
, , ,
, , , -


,
.
, , , ,


.
,

, ,
, .
,
, ,
, . , . , . ,
. --. ,
, ,

, ,
, , .
, ,
, , ,
. ,
, ,

,
, ,
, , . , ,

, , , ,
,
, , .
XIX . . ,
,
, , ,
, . ,
,

19

. .

,
,
,
,
. ,
,
, . ,
,
, , , , ,
, . , ,
:
,
,
. , ,

,
, .
, .
,
, ,
. ,
, . . ,

( ),
,
, ;
,
4.
,
,
, ,
, . , (,
, ), , , ,
,
,
20





,
.
, , , , .


.
,
, ,

.

,
, ,

, , , . .

,
, ,
.
. . , 80-
.

( . )
, ,
, ,
-5.
.. -. , -6.
, , ,
, , ,
, , ,
, ,

. . ,

, -

2011


,
,
7. .
,
-.
,
, , , ,
8.
(. 9, . 10, . 11) , ,
, .



.
,
, , , , , .
. . ,
12.
,
, ,
, , .
. : ,
, ,
.
, - ,
,
, , , 13.
,
(, ,
). (. 14, . 15) .
,
,
,
, ,

16, , -

,
.
, , ,
.
,
, ,
, , . . ,

,
,
, ,
17. . . ,
, ,
, , ,
-18.
, ,
, , , ,
.
, ,
, , ,
. . ,

,
(
)19.
,
, . .
,

, ,

,
. ,
, ,
. ,

21

. .
, .
XIX .
, ,
.
., ., . , . , . , . ,
.., , ,
-
.
, ,
,
, 20.
,
,
,
, .
,
,
. ,
.
. . ,

,
21. ,
22, ,
-,
, -.

,


-.
, -
,
, , ,
, ,

Happy End.
,
, , .

,
22


,
, ,
. ,
, , . ,
,
23. , ,
, - .

,
,
.
. . ,
:
24.
,
, , , , .
.., ,
40
, , ,
,
, , 25.

, , ,
,
,
,
. ,
,

,
. ,
.
,

,

2011



, .
. . ,
, ,
,
,
26.
,

-, ,
,
, 27.

Eco U. Postmodernism, Irony, the Enjoyable // Modernism/Postmodernism / ed. by P. Brooker. London, 1992. P. 226.
2
. .
: . .: , 1998. . 2.
3
. ., . ., . .
. .: , 2000. [. 1]. 845 .;
. , 2.
.: , 2002. [. 2]. 778 .; .
. . 3. . .: ,
2007. 671 .
4
. : . . .,
1989. . 538.
5
. . . . . 99.
6
- . . . .,
2001. . 412.
7
Birringer J. Theatre, theory, postmodernism. Bloomington: Indiapolis, 1991. P. 208.
8
. . .: , 2004.
9
. . . .

10

. . : . - // .
. 2. . 165175.
11
. : .. . . .: , 1997.
12
., . : // :
. / . . . . ,
... ., 2000. . 8283.
13
. : . . ., 1999. . 278.
14
. . .: , 2003.
15
: . .
./ . . . , . . . :
, 2003.
16
. : . ., . : . . / . .
.. .: , 2002. . 40.
17
. : . . . . . 78.
18
. . . .:
, 2000. . 311.
19
. .
// :
. / . . . . ,
... ., 2000. . 6465.
20
. . :
. //
: . . / . .., . . . .: , 2005. . 70.
21
. . . . . 100.
22
. . .
: , 2000.
23
. . - : . -. . . ., 1996.
24
. . //
: . . . ., 1998. . 222.
25
. . . . . 104.
26
. . ?:
. .: , 2006. . 423.
27
. . . .: , 2008.

23

17
. .


, . , ,
.
: , , ,

Marina N. Khramova
The real beast in the area of modernity
In modern context man appears to be deprived of direct contact with Nature, so it has an effect on the
modern society relations to fauna. On the one hand animals get the marginal status and frequently can loose the
animal essence, but on the other hand they correlate with an ecological esthetics and innovative ideas.
Keywords: human-animal interaction, marginality, zooanthropomorphism, ecological esthetics

,
,
.

XX .
, , .
40 %
,
, , , ,
, . ,

,
, .
. . ,

, ,
,
, ,
1. ,
,
,
,
.

24


, ,
,

.
,
. , ,
. ,
,
.
, ,
,
(WSPA),
, , ,
, ,
2.
,
, ,
, ,

, -

2011



.
,
,


. ,
. ,
:
,
, , . .

. ,
, , ,
. . :
( , )
, ,
3.
,

,
-
.
,
,
,
. , ,
?
, :
, , .
.
,
. ,
,
.
.
, 4. ,
, ,
, ,
,
,

, . -

,
, , . ,
. :
, . .
,

.
,
, ,
5.
, , ,
,
, , , ,
, ,
,
. - .
,

,
.
,
, ,
, .
, ,
,
, ,
6. ,
.
. , ,
, , .
, , ,
,

,
7.
,

, 1990- .
, 25

. .
, ,
,
, ,
.

,
,
8.
,
(, , , . .), .

, , , .
, , ,
,
.

,
. , ,
,
. ,
, ,
.

,
. , , ,

,
, ,
.
, ,
, , , , , :
, .

26

,
.
,
, -
-9.

,
.
,
, ,

. ,
,
-
, ,
,
, . .

, ,

.

, , .
,
, , ,
,
, . , ,
,
, ,
. , ,

.
.

: , ,

- . .,

2011


, ,
, . . ,
,
10. , , ,
,
,
.
,

,
,
, ,
. ,
,
,
,

. ,
, ,
,
.
, ,
,
,
.
, ,
.
,
,
.
, ,
.
,

, -

.


, ,
, . , , , National Geographic,
,
,
,
.
, ,
,

, 11.

,


,
.
:
,
, , ,
,

,

, ;

,
.

, ,
,
,
, , , ,
,
. ,
, , ,

12.
,
.

27

. .
, ,

.
, ,
,
, XVII
XVIII .,
, .
,
, ,
, ,
. ,
, :


, .

, - ,
, , ,

.
,
,
,
,
. :
, ,
13.

28

1
Lippit A. M. Electric animal: toward a rhetoric of wildlife. Minneapolis; London: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 2000. P. 3.
2
. . // :
. ., 1998. URL: http: // www. vita. org. ru ( 13. 03. 2011).
3
. : .
. .: , 2000. . 124.
4
Berger J. Why look at animals? // Berger J. About looking. New York: Pantheon, 1980. P. 23.
5
. // . / .
. . . .: , 1995. . 63.
6
. . : .
. // . .: ,
1999. . 2. . 547.
7
. / . . .: , 2001. . 100.
8
. . . . . 542.
9
. : . : . . :
, 1718 . 2006 . // . . . 2007.
3. . 556561. URL: http: // magazines. russ. ru / nlo (
21. 03. 2011).
10
. .
.252.
11
., . -,
-: . // . 2003. 41 (7400), 2329
. URL: http: // www. kultura-portal. ru (
21. 03. 2011).
12
.
/ . . . // Biomediale: / . . .
. . : : , 2004.
. 417. URL: http: // biomediale. ncca-kaliningrad. ru (
23. 03. 2011).
13
. . .: , 1996.
.139.

2011

Library science, Bibliography, Bibliology

019.92219
. .
19171921 .
3.
(19181921 .)
19171921 . - , . , ,
, , ,
. (. . , . . , . . .)
. 19171921 . , ,
.
: , , , , , , ,
, , ,

Galina V. Mikheeva
Recommendatory bibliography in Russia during 19171921.
Part 3. Bibliographic activities in the Red Army (19181921)
During the period of 19171921 reached the unprecedented level recommendatory and bibliographic activities in the
Red Army, which became the prototype in many forms and methods of recommendatory bibliography in our country. New
ideas, especially socialist recommendatory bibliography proclaimed by the Bolsheviks and steadily pursued in life, have been
introduced in a bitter struggle with the old, educational views on the recommendatory bibliography, a desire to keep it out
of the political struggle. Apolitical leading bibliographers and librarians (L. B. Khavkina, N. A. Rubakin, A. A. Pokrovsky and
others) was subjected to sharp criticism from government officials culture. 19171921 were a period of creating high-quality
domestic ideologically recommendatory bibliography and characterized the transition from a broad non-enlightenment to
the conscious planting of socialist ideology, to address specific social problems, to substantiate the role of recommendatory
bibliography in socialist construction.
Keywords: Narkompros, Extramural department, Bibliographic subdivision, Library Section, promoting books, reference
bibliography, reference catalogs, bibliographic posters, reference lists, programs and plans for reading, libraries of political literature

( 2 (7), 3 (8))
1920- .
. .
,

191. , 1918 .
- , . . , .
;
, .
192.
30


- ,
,

193.
25 (7 ) 1918 .

- ( - )
, - -

2011

19171921 . 3
, -
.
8 1918 .
, ,
,

-
194.
- .
- .
,

.
,
.
- 1918 .

. 23 ,
1918 .
.
, 1918 . -
.
-

.
,
(),
.
() , ,
. -
,
.
,

,
, 195.

- , , -,


.
- , ,
. ,
, .
-
196.
, 1919 . 4,5 . -, 197.
19181920 . , .
- .
1918 .
, ,
, .
.
, , , ,
. , ,
.
,
. ,
.
,

198.
, , 1920 .,
,
5- 15
, 491 199.
, 31

. .
- ,
. . ,

13 1919 . :

- 200.

,
: , ,
, , , ,
.
,
.
1919 . () ,
,
- 201 : )
; )
202.
, , ,
203,
.


. ,
, .
-
(), ,
.
(
1919 . 1920 .)
109,1
, 21,9
, 11,5 204.
, ,
, 205.
2 206.
-
, 1918
1919 . 32

-
207. , ,
- ,

208.

,
- 209. ,
. 210 ,
, -
.
.
.
. . ,
. . -, . . -
-.
(. 157.
. 2. . . 846. . 200201) ,
10 , . .
(1918)211 (. . . 33).
, . . ,
.
.

, 2-
- 212, . . 213.
.
1919 . . . ,

,
, , 214.
. .


215.

2011

19171921 . 3

. .

10

. . ()

10

4-
, ,

. .

10

XIX .

15

10

( )

50

50

50

50

I, XVI II

25

1848 1871 .

10

. .

10

15

40

15

10

II

. .

10

10

33

. .
, : (. 9197.
270 ) . . . ; (. 98103. 206 )
, ,
.

- . ,
,
, , . . . .
, ,
.

,

, .

.
216.

,


- ,

1919 .
, ,

,
-217.
1919 . , -
(),
, . . .
34

1919 .
: , ,
,
,

.
I (
1919 .), , I
(
1919.).
I

.
, , ,
, , , , . . ,
.
, ,
.
.
.
19191920 . ,
,
,
, , ,
.
.
. 19191920 . 22 052
218.


,
. ,
- :
,
?,
, .219 ,

2011

19171921 . 3
,
. 1920 .
,
.
,
,

, .
-: - , ,
,
.220

, , ,
, . ,

12
, ,
, ,
, . ;
, , ,
.

, 221.
,
.
,
. 22 1920
.

(),
, . 1921 .
57 %222. 1 1922 .
223.
1920 .
.
1524 1920 . . .
I


, 104 , ,
.

-

.


,
,
, .
.

.
, , ,
, ,
224.

,
: , ,
.

225
226.

1919 . . . ,
,
, ,
227.

1920 .
14
10 228.
.

181 :
1. . 2. .
35

. .
3. . 4. . 5.
. 6. . 7. . 8.
. 9. 229.
. .
, 230,
.
,

, - 231.
.
, 51
, . . , , , . . ,
.., . .
232.
150
: . , .
( , , ,
, , ), . . .
(), . .
.. -

98 ,
, , . , ,

,
300 233.
. . :
, , ,

, ,
.

-, -,
.
-, 36


234.
,
,
. ,
,
, . ,
, , 22
, . . :
, -
.

: . . ,
, .235
:

,
. , ,
, .

(),
236.

. ,
,
, . .
, .
- ()
, -
. . -237,

, .
(, 1 1919 . 1
1920 . 18,6
, , , , , ,
.238)
,
1920 . 250 000 .
-
,

2011

19171921 . 3
,
, ,
239.

( ,
, , . ), , , , .

,
.
- . , 1920 .
,
-
-
, ,
, ,
.

:
,
;
,
240.
241
, ,
, .
-,
.


5- , 1920 . ,
242. ,
243
244 193 .
1920 . , ,
. 3 . .,
.

,
- - ,
, , :
, , .245


, . .246


-,
. , . , 1921 . 5 (
5- ), .
,
,
247,
50- 248, 249,
250 .

,
251. 143 ,

,
, () ,
-
252.
, 253.


.
- 9 ( 9-
) 254,
5- -
255.
. . , -
,
37

. .
256
, ,
, 100
XIX . 1920 .
-
. ( )257, 26
19181919 .
258.

.
7-

. 19201921 . 4
. ( ) :
, .
. :
, ,
,
, ,

. , ,
,
, .
, , , , ,
259.
: ,
260.

. .
( ),

( )
(. . , . . , . , , . ).
.
., . , . .
, ,
.
, 1920 ., 38

261.
,
,
262.

, ,
(93
XIX . 1920 .).
-, .

, ,
,
, 263.
,
.
3- 4-
1921 . -
.
. . .. . 3- , 50-
1921.264 23 1905
1920 . . 4-

265. , , ,
(71
19061921 .)266. ,

, .


.

, . ,
, .
267.

. . ,

268. .

2011

19171921 . 3
,
.


-


. . . :

269.
,


.
- - :
19181920 . -
, .
- ,

.
270.
, ( ,
, )271


, - .
,


.
272.
, 1921 . 2,6 273,
8
274,
.

- -

-
,
, .
( 19201921 .)
1920 . , .
, ,
, .
,
,

. (), VIII
1919 .,
.

275.
.

26
1919 . .

19 1920 .
().

. . . . , ,
,
;

,
, .

. , 9
1920.

,

.
,
39

. .
,
,
, 276.
-
,
, ().
, ,
- , ,
,
,
.
-


25 1920.,
.. 277.

,
-
.
1920 . - ().
,
, ,


, 3- , 1920 .,
-

,
,
278.
-
40

1 8 1920 .
.
. . 3 1920.
,
279,
:
280.

. .
, .

:
, , ,
, , ,
. ,
, ,
. .
, , ,
. . 281. . .

,
,
282.
3 1920 .

, ,
.
12 1920 .
- . -
, , , ,
.
, . . . , ,
, .

2011

19171921 . 3
, - , . ..
.
1920 . - ().

. . ( ), 27 1920.
283.
, -
.

, . ,
, ,
, ,

.
284.


.
.
().

,
IX ()
(1920) 285. , 1921 . 44
,
47 , 51 .286
.
.
287.
288 ,

, 289.
. . . 2-
1920 .
. .

290,
37 ,
19181920 .
.
1920 .
,
. , 60 .
,
291.

, . .
, , ,
. . 292. 64
(27 )
. . ,
IX (),
, .
:
,
, , , , . .
,
, .

,
. ,
, ,
.

,
.
. .

. ,
, 41

. .
.
,
.

.
. . ,
,
,
,

293.
,
. . ,
.


, 1918, 1919 1920 .294 35 .
1921 . X
(),

,
- ,
:
-
,

(,
. .).
- ,

,

.

, : , ,
, , , - 295.
-
. . , 17
1921 . II . ,
42

, ,
,
296.
1921 . () ()
- , : ,
, , ,
,
, ,

.
pa
.
: <> .
,
,

297.

.

1922 ., - ,

- ().
1920 1921 .
.
: ,
-,
. .298.
-
299.
IX ,
- , ,
, :
300.
. .
-

2011

19171921 . 3
:

<>

,
301 (
... . .).

, -


, ,
.
,

- , , ,
, , ()
,
,
,
, , ,
,
, , 302.
, -
,
(, , ,
.). :
3-
303,
. 304 .
1921 .

: ,
, , . 28



,
, 1921 . 305
12 : . . () , , ,
. -

, (,
, .). (
). ..,


306.
307.
,
.

- :
.
,
, 50-
1871 . ( . 308,

. 309,
. . 310 .).

. , , ,
. . . . , , 311,
, 312, 100
XIX . 1918 .:
, , , ,
.

19181920 .313

. 1921 .
,
. . 314 (35 )

. . ( 350 )
315.

43

. .
, .
,
.
, 1921 . . .

.
(
), 1921 . . . . -
.


(, , , , ,
)
1921 .
316.
1921 ., ,
( 220 )
317. (,
, ), ,
.
() : .. ()
, ;
(.., . . ,
.), (. ,
. .).

.
1921 .
, -
.
( 3 10 ). ,
.
44




.
, , , -,
- ,

.
1920 .
..
-
318
-

319.
, 320
: , ,
, , , , ,
, .

- , 1921 .,
321.
, . 1-
,
1921.,
:
: ,
322.
,
, ,
,
-
.

.

2011

19171921 . 3
***
1917 . .

,

, ,
.
:

.
,
.
, ,

,

.
1917
1921 .
.
, , - ,
.

,
, .
,
. . ,


.
-

,
,
.
-

,
.
,
, ,
,
, .
(. . , . . ,
. . .)
.
19171921 .


,
, .
(

) .

(-
) :
- ,

;
; .
,
,
,
.

:
()
45

. .
,
,
, ,
.

:

. .
19171921 .

.
, - ,
,
.
( , , (),
); ,
; . ,
- ;
;
.
()
.

. , . ,
. .,
(. . , .. , . . ,
. ., . . , . . ,
..- .), (. , . , . , . ), ,
(. . , . .,
. . , . . .).
(, , , ,
, 46

, ).
- :
, ,
, . .
,
,
,


.

, , ,
(. . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . .).
,
.


.
, : ,
,

, -
.


,
. :
, ,
.
.
, ,

.
: , .
,
. -

2011

19171921 . 3
, - 323.

191
. .
-
20-.: . . . . . ., 1974. . 3.
. . : , ,
(..
(19171951):
. . . . . ., 1953. . 7).
192
. . //
. . . .: 10 . ., 1959. . 7. . 105.
193
. : . .
19171920 . ., 1954. . 40.
194
. ., 1959. . 2. . 67.
195
. 1921. 2. . 8.
196
.
(19181920 .) // .-. . 1977.
3. . 96.
197
- :
. ., 1961. . 75.
198

., : . . (19191920). ., 1956. 176 .
199
. ., . ., . .
:
(19171945 .). , 1998.
. 46.
200
. . . . . . 38. . 3536.
201
-

.
.
-
.: . . -
(1918 .) // . . /
. 1967. . 16. . 122128.
202
. .: . .
. , 1919. 15 .
203
,
2 (. . .
., 1969. . 284).
204
. . . . . 42.
205
1919 . 30 , , ,
( . . (19181920 .) // . . . 11.
. 1978. 6. . 33).
206
. . . . . 42.
207

.: . . -

,
19171920. ., 1974. . 6:
. . 142159.
208
.
., 1919. . 1.
209
. .
. ., 1920. . 1.
210
. . .
., 1920. . 8.
211
. . / 1967. . 16. . 133.
212
., 1919. . 91108.
213
. . . . // . 1985. 2. . 2325.
214
,
-
(. 241243. 55 ), ,
-
(. 244. 22 )
(. 245246. 68
).
215
. ., 1976.
. 302.
216


. . (., : . . 1919.//
. . 1935. 3(11). . 1319).
217
: 152 . . , 30 . 1918. //
- . . 2-, . .,
1919. . 8081.
218
. ., . ., . . .
. . 47.
219
.: .
// . -. 1928. 2. . 39; . .
(19121925 .) // - :
. 1961. . 16. . 130132.
220
. . ., 1969. . 213.
221
. . . . . 46.
222
. . .
/; , 1924. . 125.
223
. . -
(19171933 .). ., 1963. . 18.
224
(1524
1920 .) ., [1920]. 128 .
225
19191920 . ()
.
,
, -

47

. .
( 1-

(1524 1920 .). ., 1922. . 7475).
226
. .
50 // . / . 1968. . 10. . 143.
227
. . 2313. . 5. . . 1. . 3, 58.
228
. . 9. . 12. . . 22. . 137.
229
. . 13. . . 96. . 122131.
. (.:
.
(19181920 .) // .-. . 1977. 3. . 9697).
230
. : . .
.. // . . 1984. 6. . 51.
231
. . . 149.
232
. . 9. . 12. . . 32. . 2324.
233
. . 1922.
234
. . . 150.
235
. . .
. 3-, . . ., 1980. . 172173.
236
. . 2-, .
., 1919. . 60.
237
.: . .
// . . . 11. . 1978.
6. . 2736.
238
. . . . . . 42.
239
// . ., 1920. . 296306.
240
. 1920. 1. . 1.
241
. 1920. 4. . 1112; 7. . 1516; 9. .22
24; 13. . 7280; 15. . 113117; 11. . 2324; 1921. 6/7.
. 4748; 8/10. . 6168; 11/12. . 3540.
242
. [], 1920. 5.
.1214; 6. . 1315; 8. . 1416; 9. . 1617.
243
. 8. 4- .
244
. . 12.
245
.
, 1921. . 4748.
246
. , 1920. . 1819.
247
. . , 1921.
. 79.
248
. . 910.
249
. . 16.
250
. . 1617.
251
. 2- . ., 1921. . 56, 71,
83, 112, 178, 200, 222.
252
. , 1919. . 3035.
253
. . 89.
254
, 1920. . 134135.
255
, 1921. . 5657.
256
. . :
. . ., 1920. . 3137.
257
, 1920. 48 .

48

258

. . . 3842.
: (. . ). 1920.
1. . 1.
260
.
261
. .,
[1920]. 24 . ( ; 2).
262
. . 1.
263
.
264
/ . . . ,
... ., 1921. 16 . ( ; 3).
265
/ . . . , . .. ., [1921]. 47 . ( ; 4).
266
. . 1.
267
. . 9. . 12. . . 329. . 8588.
268

..
( ) ( . 1921.
.2, . . . 4955).
269
. . //
: . /
. . ., 1925. . 8.
270
. . 9. . 1. . . 54. . 37; . 12. . . 22.
.9, 119, 138; . . 32. . 11, 1617, 1923, 2533.
271
16
1919 .
, ,

.
272
. .
19181920 . // . .
1978. 4. . 88.
273
. .
- -
(19181921 .): . . . . .
., 1986. . 13.
274
. . 14.
275

,
. . 7-. ., 1954. . 1: 18981953. . 420.
276
.
1920 . : . .
( 19171921 .). ., 2006.
. 1. . 140158.
277
.

19181920 .: ( . ) //
. ., 1953. . 1. . 120.
278
7- .
., 1920. . 7879.
279
. . . . . . 41. . 398.
280
. . 402.
281
. . -

2011

259

19171921 . 3

(1920) // . .; .,
1932. . 222.
282
.
283
. 1920. 27 .
284
.: . . - 19171928 . // . .
-. 1972. 4. . 4.
285
, . 7- . ., 1954. . 1. . 477490.
286
. . 2313. . 1. . . 41. . 52.
287
. . 7. . . 29. . 11.
288
.
289
. . 12.
290
. . 1920. 2. . 3441.
291
: (. . . , , . , . 4 ). I.
/ . . .
. ., 1920. 32 .
292
. . . .
19171920 . // . ./
. 1959. . 5. . 7879.
293
. . . . // . . / . 1971.
. 21. . 93.
294
. . 1920. 4. . 4548.
295

(19171959 .): . / . . .
... ., 1960. . 51.
296
. . . . . . 44. . 175.
297
. (). 1921. 36. . 26.
298
. .,
1920. . 4.
299
. . 5.
300
IX : (.
) / . .: , 1921. . 8.
301
: .

. . . . ., 1920.
. 12.
302
. .,
1921. . 221222.
303
. . 1920. 2. . 3334.
304
. . 1921. 4/5. . 114118.
305
. 1921. 28 . ( 92). . 2.
306
. . . . . 96.
307
., ,
29 1921 . (. . 2313. .2.
. . 30. . 66 .)
308
. . 1921. 1. . 3940.
309
. 1921. . 2, .-. . 7879.
310
. . 1921. 7. . 8184.
311
. . . . : .-. . .,
1921. . 3.
312
. . 6179.
313
. .
// .
., 1921. . 31. ( ; 16).
314
. 1921. . 2. . 8993.
315
. ., 1921. . 7798.
316
. . . . . 98.
317
. . 2313. . 7. . . 15. . 8185.
318
., 1920.
319


- .: .. :
. ., 2002. . 9597.
320
. . . ., 1920. . 5455.
321
. . . . . 96.
322
. . 1921. 1. . 4.
323
. . 1922. 1. . 5.

49

02:004.7
. .


, . ,
, - . ,
, , . . , , ,
.
,
- , (, , . .).
: , , , ,

Mikhail Y. Matveev
Problems creating an image of traditional libraries
in the electronic environment
Image of traditional libraries in the electronic environment develops under various circumstances both
dependent and independent of the libraries themselves. The most important measures that are in the competence
of the libraries themselves, is the creation of the library site. From the circumstances of the dependent library
activities only partly, in greatest significant is the phenomenon of blogging, that is initiative of different librarians
in their own pages, directed, in their opinion, to improve the representation of the libraries and library profession in
the public view. The independent factors of traditional libraries are allocated by competition from digital libraries,
ill Internet users in relation to conventional stacks and an abundance of pretty rough library humor, which is the
main repository of the World Network (comics, cartoons, jokes, etc.).
Keywords: image, website, traditional libraries, digital libraries, stereotypes of perception

() , ,
. , , ,
,
, ,
.
, ?
,

-. ,
, , 1.
50


,
2.


,
3,
, 4.

,

:
, .
,

(
,
)5.
:
1. (-

2011


) (, ) ,
.
,

.
, ,
, , Rambler
Google AllTheWeb;
List.
ru , , Open Directory
Yahoo!
2. , (RLE,
InterReklama, Reklama.ru .),
.

( 1% ),
: ,
, , ,
6.
3. . ,
-
, .
4.
, , .

, . ,

,
.
5. .
6. 7.
: ,
8.
, ,

.


. ,
, ,
. ,

,
( ),
9.

:
,
,

.
, , , :
( );

( ) ;
; (
, ); ; .
(
) ,
-
, (
)10. ,


.
,
11.
,
12.
,
-
( ,
, ,
), ( ,
),
, ,
- . ,

(, , ),
13.
,
51

. .
(Mail.ru, HotLog, Rambler Top 100 .)14.
,
(
).

,

15.

,
16.

,
, , ,
.
, - .
,
,
, , , ,
. (, , )
, , 17.
,

,
, 18.
,

, 19. , , ,
.
: (
,
);
(
); (

52

); ( , )20. ,
,
,
,

. ,


,
,
21.

,
,
: 70%
30 ,
, 22.
, ,

. ,
, (, ,
,
).
,
.
,
,


,
,
. . , ,

,
.
, . ,
,
,
, -

2011



, .

:
, , ,
,
, .
,
, ,

.
,
( The Renegade librarian23).
, . .
, ( ) ,
,
, .
, , ,


24.
,
,

,
.

.
( 1990- .) Lipstick librarian (
), .
,
:
?
? ? ?
? ! ,

25.

Bellydancing librarian (,
), :

. ,
.

. ,
,
!
, .
,
, , ,

,
26.
, , Modified librarian ( ),
,
, 27.

(!),
.

The Bodybuilding Librarian (,
).
,
.
,
40 28.


, ..
, ,
.
The Ska
Lib ra rian ( )
,
,
29.
The
53

. .
Librarians Web-jest ( )30,

, .
,
,
.
,

, , ,
.

, ,
. ,

(,
, ).
,
, .
. ,
:

, . ., ,

,
, .

, , ,

, . ,
: ?
, .
?
? ?
? ,
,
, .
, 54

.
,

.
,

,
, , 31.
,

. .
., , ,
32. , . -
. ,
, ,
33.
,
,
,
, ,
: ,
, ,
, .

, ,
34.

( ) , ,
, ,
, 451
, , ()35 . .
, , ,
,
. , ,
.


.

2011


500
,
Google, Rambler ndex
2010 . (

,
). :
1.

1,52,5 , . ,
, ,
,
, .
2.
(
). ( ,
,
,
).
3.

,
: -
2 (,
500, 23 . ).
56
, . .
.
, .
,
, , . .
,
,
, .
, ,
,
. : ,
. -

, , :

. ,
50% ,
,
, . . , ,
: ,

36. . -,
,
, 37.
-,
. , . . ,
, , 38.

: )
; )

;
) ,

39.
, .
, , , , ,


. , ,
,

40.
,
. ,

. ,

(, , ,
. .),
- .
55

. .
,

.
,
.
,
-
,
,
,
.
( ) ,
:
, ,
41.
, , ,


.
, ,

.
,
,
.
, , ,

.

. . // .
2003. 8. . 38.
2
. . . ., 2001. . 140.
3
, . . : // .
. 2003. 10. . 1920.
4
. ., . .
Web- // 2007: . . . / -
. . ., 2007. . 10:
.
. 139.
5
. . : ,

56

// , , : : . . . / . ,
2004. . 44.
6
. . . URL: http: // textbook.
vadimstepanov.ru ( 01.09.2011).
7
. ., . . Web-
// : : 4- . .-. .
, 2002. . 2024; . URL: http: // elar. usu.ru
( 01.09.2011).
8
. .
// . 1997. 5/6. . 25; . ., ..
. . . 140.
9
. ., . . . .
10
. . -
// . . -. 2000. 3. . 18.
11
. ., . . . .
12
. // . 2001. 2. . 3536.
13
. . :
. / . ;
. . - . ., 2006.
. 282. . : . . . . . 18.
14
. ., . . -
: // :
: 10- .
. . 2003. , 715 2003 .
., 2003. . 1. . 276.
15
. . 279.
16
. . . . . 19.
17
. ., . . . .
18
. . - // , , :
: . . . / . , 2004. . 66; . . . . . 19.
19
. ., . . . . . 275.
20
Abbas J. The Library profession and the Internet:
implications and scenarios for change. URL: http: // mirrored.
ukoln. ac. uk ( 01.09.2011).
21
Ibid.
22
. . . . . 45.
23
Mickunas L. The Renegade librarian. URL: http: // www.
renegadelibrarian. com ( 01.09.2011).
24
Brewerton . Wear lipstick, have a tattoo, belly-dance,
then get naked: the making of a virtual librarian. URL: http: //
www. careerdevelopmentgroup. org. uk (
01.09.2011).
25
Absher L. The Lipstick librarian. URL: http: // www.
teleport. com ( 01.09.2011).
26
Colchamiro D. Bodybuilding librarian. URL: http: //
www. stumptuous. com ( 01.09.2011).
27
Kwak G. The Modified librarian. URL: http: // www.
bmeworld. com ( 01.09.2011).

2011


28

Weaver E. The Bellydancing librarian. URL: http: //


www. sonic. net ( 01.09.2011).
29
Cherubin D. The Ska librarian. URL: http: // www. geocities. com ( 01.09.2011).
30
Goss M., Emsinger L. The Librarians Web-jest. URL: http://
www.berne-union.k12.oh.us ( 01.09.2011).
31
Brewerton . Op. cit.
32
Marinelli S., Baker . Image and the librarian: an exploration of a changing profession. URL: http: // home. earthlink.
net ( 01.09.2011).
33
- ., . // - . 1998. . 1. . 69.
34
. // . 1993.
6. . 35.
35
. URL: http: // rusu-library.
blogspot. com ( 01.09.2011);
. URL: http: // bibliobred. blogspot. com ( 01.09.2011); . URL:

http:// cbk-ytn. livejournal. com ( 01.09.2011);


451 . URL: http: // librarworm. blogspot. com
( 01.09.2011); ().
URL: http:// community. livejournal. com (
01.09.2011).
36
Brewerton . Op. cit.
37
MacDonald B. The public image of libraries and librarians as potential barrier to rural access // Rural Libr. 1995.
Vol. 15(1). P. 39; Ibid. URL: http: // library. clarion. edu (
01.09.2011).
38
., .
? // . . 2006. 6. . 20.
39
. . 1920.
40
.: . . :
// XX . : . .
. 14- / .
., 2006. . 276291.
41
. // .
. 2005. 74(4). . 534535.

1
500

Google

Rambler

ndex

( , )
( )

(, , , , , , , , ,
, , , )

19

18

33

29

18

63

60

25

45

(, , , .)

57

. .
. 1

11

181

97

202

( , , )

105

112

94

11

70

60

15

42

15

28

24

, , Web- .

20

12

16

18

24

24

, , , ,

25

10

, , , ,

10

15

12

12

11

(, , , , , , ,
, , , , , .)

14

19

14

323

390

287

18

12

500

500

500


, , ,
.
:

58

2011


2
500
,
( )


Google

Rambler

ndex

59

41

54

45

43

48

, ,

48

41

43

, , .

36

43

22

( )

31

27

39

10

36

23

17

10

. .

23

14

12

24

14

19

,
.

16

12

12

12

13

12

19

12

. .

20

23

22

373

350

377

53

50

39

18

26

33

72

76

72

()

29

36

30

14

17

15

43

53

45

. ,

, -, . , . .

17

12

21

500

500

500

59

027.7
.
:
1
, , ,
. , - . , , , , , ,
.
: , , , , ,

Simona Petraityt
Organizational basis of the work of the university library:
a theoretical approach
This article presents the theoretical core of new institutionalism a theory used widely by the researchers
in politics, economics and sociology, though with only several attempts to adapt this theoretical approach
in librarianship. Three institutional pillars regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive are analyzed with
illustrations from the everyday work of academic libraries. It is suggested that sometimes unseen details like
cultural patterns and traditions as well as factors like regulative laws, professional associations and normative
pressures influence academic libraries and their direction of change.
Keywords: academic library, new institutionalism, institutional pillars, regulation, normative expectations,
cultural patterns


,
,

(, -), .

.
, , ,
, ,
.

,
.
, , 2. ,

3.

,
. ,
60

, ,
, . ,
,
,
4, .
, -,
,
5.

. , ,
,
-
.
.

, ,

2011

:
, .

,
, . 6. :
, -.
, -

.
.
,
,
(. .).
, ,
7.


, . ,
,
.
,
. .

, , . . ,

,
, , ,
, .
,
, .

. - .

, ,

. ,

8. , , .
, . ,

.
,
. . , ,


, . -,

.
. , ,
.

,
. .
.9 ,
, ,
.
,
, .
-
,
,

10. , 61

.

,

. , ,
, .
, ,
.

. .
, . ?
? ,

, , . .
.
, ,
,
.
.

, , ,
. , ,
, .

,
, 11. 12

, , ,
, ,
,
. ,
,

. 13 ,
,
.
. 14
,
: , ,
,
,
62

.

,

15.
.
,
, , ,
.

,
.
.
,
,
,
, ,
.

. . .
2
Scott W. R. Institutions and Organizations. Thousand
Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc, 2000.
3
Powell W. W., DiMaggio P. J. The Introduction // The
New Institutionalism in organizational analysis. Chicago: Univ.
of Chicago press, 1991. P. 12.
4
Ibid. P. 3.
5
Scott W. R. Op. cit. P. 48.
6
Ibid.
7
Ibid. P. 52.
8
Ibid. P. 55.
9
March J. G., Olsen J. P. Rediscovering institutions: the
organizational basis of politics. New York: The free press, 1989.
P. 160.
10
Scott W. R. Op. cit. P. 58.
11
Hansson J. Knowledge organisation from an institutional point of view: implications for theoretical and practical
development. [2006]. P. 36. URL: http: // lnu. diva-portal. org
( 28. 03. 2011).
12
Audunson R. Between professional field norms and
environmental change impetuses: a comparative study of
change processes in public libraries // Libr. & Inform. science
research. 1999. Vol. 21, 4. P. 523552.
13
Kawalya J. The National Library of Uganda: its
inception, challenges and prospects. URL: http: // bada. hb.
se ( 28. 03. 2011).
14
Hoffman G. Negotiating normative institutional
pressures and maintaining legitimacy in a complex work
environment: a multiple case study of three academic
cataloging units // Advances in libr. administration and
organization. 2010. Vol. 29. P. 243292.
15
Ibid.

2011

378:027.7
.
-
1
-, -
. . - 4 :
, , . , - ,
.
: -, , ,
, ,

Vincas Grigas
Librarian educator: in the context of foundation orientations
of higher education paradigm variation
Foundation orientations as well as causative relations of space comprising the activity field of librarian
educator are set in publication. The activity field and its comprising spaces conceptually are defined using the Field
theory. Four essential formal spaces, comprising the activity field of librarian educator are identified, such as higher
educational institutions, academic libraries, learning centers and information literacy. Causative relations of activity
field as well as foundation orientations are analyzed in the context of higher education paradigm variation.
Keywords: librarian educator, information literacy, higher educational institution, academic library, learning
center, Field theory

.


. 25 1998 .
2, 25 1999 .3, - .
-
( 2001 ., 2003 .,
2005 ., 2007 .).
2009 . ,
,
, ,
4.
,
.
. ,
,

,
.
-
.
.

, .

-.

-
-
,
- 5 .
, (,
, , ), . -
.
- ,
63

.

-. ,
.
- ,
, ,

.
,
- : , ,
.
.

.
,
, ,
6.

7, 8,

9.

-
-.
-. .

, , ,
, .
,
,
, .
: ,

.
,
.
-
,
, .
64


-.

.
,
. ,
.
.

,
.
, , ,
, ,

.
: 1) , ; 2) ; 3) ; 4)
; 5)
; 6)
10.
. , ,
,
.

: 1) ; 2)
;
3) ; 4)
; 5) ;
6)
; 7)
11. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 7,

.
.

,
12,
,
.
: 1) -

2011

-
; 2)
; 3) ,
;
4) ,
, -
; 5) 13.
1, 2, 5 6,
.
.
14. ,

, ,
,

15. : 1)
,
; 2)

; 3) ,
, ;
4)
, ; 5)
; 6) 16.
.
, , - : 1)

; 2) ;
3) () ;
4) ( ); 5)
.
-
-.
-
-, .
-

-.
,
,
, .

,
,
.
.
-
-

. , -

.

. , ,
.
. - -.
- 4 :
, , . -
,
,
,
, , .
, , -

; ; ; ( );
.

. . .
Joint declaration on harmonization of the architecture
of the European higher education system by the four Ministers
in charge for France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom.
Paris, 1998. May 25. URL: http: // www. bologna. msmt. cz (
26. 03. 2011).
3
The Bologna Declaration: Joint declaration of the
European Ministers of Education. Bologna. URL: http: // www.
bologna-bergen2005.no ( 12. 03. 2011).
4
Svarbiausi Bolonijos proceso dokumentai 20092010:
Lietuvos Respublikos vietimo ministerija. 2010.
5
Lewin K. Lauko Teorija Socialiniuose Moksluose: rink2

65

.
tiniai teoriniai straipsniai: Atviros Lietuvos knyga: ALK. Vilnius:
Vilniaus univ. Specialiosios psichol. laboratorija, 2007. P. 11.
6
Bewick L., Corrall S. Developing librarians as teachers:
a study of their pedagogical knowledge // J. of librarianship
and inform. science. 2010; Botts C. B., Emmons M. Developing teaching competencies for instructors in the academic
library a case study // Public services quarterly. 2002.
Vol.1, 3. P.65; Bundy A. Information Literacy: The Key
Competency for the 21st century // Proceedings of the IATUL
Conference, Univ. Library of Pretoria, South Africa, 15 June,
1998. Pretoria, 1998; Kilcullen M. Teaching librarians to teach:
recommendations on What We Need to Know // Reference
services rev. 1998. Vol. 26, 2. P. 718; Meulemans Y. N.,
Brown J. Educating instruction librarians: a model for libr.
and inform. science education // Research strategies. 2001.
Vol. 18, 4. P. 253264; PeacockJ.A. Teaching skills for teaching librarians: postcards from the edge of the educational
paradigm. [2001]. URL: http: // eprints. qut. edu. au (
26. 03. 2011); Walter S. Librarians as teachers:
a qualitative inquiry into professional identity // College &
research libr. 2008. Vol. 69, 1. P. 5171.
7
Baruchson-Arbib S., Bronstein J. A View to the future
of the library and information science profession: a Delphi
study// J. of the Amer. soc. for inform. science and technology.
2002. Vol. 53, 5. P. 397408; Clyde L. A. An instructional role
for librarians: an overview and content analysis of job advertisements // Australian acad. & Research libr. 2002. Vol.33, 3.
P. 150167.
8
Mbabu L. G. Curricula introducing information literacy
courses alongside instructional classes. URL: http: // deepblue.
lib. umich. edu ( 12. 03. 2011).

66

Standards of professional excellence for teacher


librarians / Australian Libr. and Inform. Assoc. [2005]. URL:
http:// www. asla. org. au ( 12. 03. 2011);
Standards for Proficiencies for Standards for Instruction
Librarians and Coordinators / Amer. Libr. Assoc. [2008]. URL:
http: // www. ala. org ( 12. 03. 2011); AlviteL.,
Barrionuevo L. Libraries for Users: services in academic
libraries. Oxford: Chandos publ., 2010. 204 p.
10
Alvite L., Barrionuevo L. Libraries for users: services in
acad. librar. Oxford: Chandos publ., 2010. P. 21.
11
Ibid; Andretta S. Information Literacy: a practitioniers
guide. Oxford: Chandos publ., 2005. 208 p.; Red J. R. G.,
RedJ.C. Access, delivery, performance: the future of libraries
without walls: a festschrift to celebrate the work of prof. Peter
Brophy. London: Facet publ., 2009.
12
Jackson M., Shenton A. K. Independent learning areas
and student learning // J. of librarianship and inform. science.
2010. Vol. 42, 4. P. 215223.
13
Peacock J. A. Op. cit.
14
Lupton M. The learning connection: inform. literacy
and the student experience. [2004]. P. 89. URL: http: // eprints.
qut. edu. au ( 07. 03. 2011).
15
Bruce C. The Seven faces of information literacy.
Adelaide: Auslib Press Pty Ltd., 1997.
16
Lemke C. EnGauge 21st century skills: literacy in the
digital age. Los Angles, 2002. URL: http: //www.metiri.com
( 11.11.2011); Catts R., Lau J. Towards Information Literacy Indicators. Paris: UNESCO, 2008; AlviteL.,
Barrionuevo L. Op. cit.; Lloyd A. Information literacy landscapes: inform. literacy in education, workplace and everyday
contexts. Oxford [etc.]: Chandos publ., 2010. 192 p.

2011

Art History

7.033
. .

XVII XVIII .
XVII XVIII .
, ,
,
, , . , . , , ,
.
, , .
: , , XVIIXVIII .,

Julia I. Arutyunyan
Up to the problem of reception of medieval traditions
in the art of XVII beginning of XVIII centuries
Medieval traditions in European culture of XVIIXVIII centuries assume a wide specter of interpretations from
the principal rejecting of this unaesthetic epoch to the complex system of treatment of medieval art heritage in
architectural theory and practice, in facade sculpture or churches and monastic cloisters, in painting and engraving,
depicting Gothic structures. The conception of Middle Ages, understood in the context of F. Braudels or Annales
school theory, permit to extend the chronological frames of the period and the stylistical characteristic of several
trends and schools, that helps to investigate the supplementary aspects of the topic when we study the reception
of traditions in culture of XVIIXVIII centuries. Modern medievistic validly examine the material connected with the
epochs of Barocco, Rococo and Classicism.
Key words: Styles in fine arts, chronology of medieval art, interpretation of medieval traditions in the art of
XVIIXVIII centuries, critics of medieval art

(medium vum)


,
.
, , ,
:
, ,
, , ,
.
XVIIIXIX .

, ,
,
, , . ,

,
68

, : ,
, ,
.

,
476 . , (
XIV 1640 .). ,

.
. .

XVIII .
(.. ),
, ,
, , etates , ,

2011

XVII XVIII .
, , 1.


.
, , , , ,
( ) , , , , ,
, , ..2.

, ,
,
.
XVII XVIII .,
,

. ,
,
, .
,
(1483 .)
.
, XV .,
,
, moderni (. . , ) .
,
,
. manera moderna,
,
,
, .
, ,

,
XVIIXVIII .

,
XVII ,
,
.
-

XVII XVIII .,

,

.
,
(1563.),
( ,

) XVIII .,
-,
. ,
.

,
, , ,
, .
, ,
, . -, ,
(, )
XVII ,
.
-,
, , ,
. -,
.

, . . ( , )
3.
,

, -
XII .
-, , , ,
, 69

. .

(
,
).
,

.
-, - - ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
(, ,
,
. .). , ,
, , ,
, , , ,
, 4.

,
,
. ,
,
,
, . ,
, ,
,

. XVI . XVII . , XVI .

(. , . . ),
, 1541 . ,
,
.

, ,
70

,
, ,
. , (1607 .).

XII .,
XVI ,
XV .
, , ,
.
, , ,
, , . ,
XVII XVIII .
,
,

,
,
.
. (.) . ,
.., . .


, . ,
XVI ,
,
,
.
, ,
, , . . , - 5.


, ,
, , ,
. , .
,
,
(manera tedesca), . . ,

2011

XVII XVIII .
(manera moderna), 6 , .
- , XVIIXVIII .

,
:
,
,

.
,
,
, ,
. ,
, , 7.
XVII
XVIII . ,

. ,

,
, , , , XVII XVIII .


,

,
.
-
. , . . ,
,
,
XVIII ., , ,
. .
, ,
, ,
,
- -

XVII .
.

XVII XVIII .
,
, , ,
,
, , ,

.
XVII XVIII .
.

XVII XVIII .,
,
,

.
XVII XVIII .
-
,
.


(1521 .),
8.
,
, (1551 .).


XVIXVIII : ,
-
, , ,
, -
, , ,

,
, , ,
, ,
XVIII .9
, . .
71

. .
,
, , , .
,
, ,
, , 10.
XVIIXVIII .
, , Monasticon anglicanum,
.
,

.
, ,

.
XVIIXVIII . .
,

. XVIIXVIII .
,

, , ;
- , . . ,
. , , . ,
.. . . .
XVII XVIII .
, , - , ( ), ,
. , ,
XVI XVIII ,
. . .
. ,
, . . , . , . , ., ., . . .
,
,

72


.

XVII XVIII .: ,

,
:
, . .,
, VXIV .


, ,
.
,

(, ,
, )
(. ).
:
,
(. ).
, ,
.
.

XVIIXVIII .,
.

1
.: . . . .: ,
2001. . 3138.
2
. . 38.
3
.: . . .: ,
2004.
4
.: .
. .: . , 2001.
5
.: . .
. .: - . , 2004. . 352353.
6
.
, . .: , 1956. . 1. .58.
7
. . .: - , 1954. . 1.
.309.
8
.: . .
XIIXIII . .: , 1988. . 36.
9
.: . . 3638.
10
. : . . 261.

2011

7.035(470)25
. .

(. empire ) .
. :
, , , , ;
, ,
( ). . .
: , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , ,

Svetlana T. Makhlina
Empire style in Russia
Empire style is high classicism. It is in interior design where it was expressed at its most. The key motives of the
style are elements of ancient Roman ammunition eagle emblems, bundles of spears, shields, bundles of arrows,
lictors axes; Egyptian art, and Napoleon emblems Napoleon monogram, imperial crowns, bees (traditional
symbol of hardworking). Empire style was represented to the full in France and Russia. Typical element of furniture
decoration of this period is swan-like heads in armchairs and sofas.
Keywords: Empire style, classicism, Aleksandr Empire style, Napoleon, Josephine, Hortense de Beauharnais,
armchairs, sofas, vases, stand lamps, Italy, Germany, England, Georgian style, the Biedermeier style

,
,
. .

.
, ,
.
.
,
, .
(. empire )
. .
,
, .

XVI. 1801
1812 . . .

,

,
, . : -

, , ,
, ;
, ,
( ),
. ,

,
,
: , , , , , . ,
.
. .,
1.
, ,

( ,
),
, , , -.
,
.

.
, 73

. .
. . . ,

XVIII .
XIX .
17951799, 17991804,
18041815 , , 2. ,
,
.-., .
. ,
.

.
.-. . ,
, , , , .
, ,
, . .
.
,
, ,
.

, . ,
.
,
,
, .
, ,

,
.
,
, , .
. .
, .
. , .
. .
, , 74

. , ,
, .
,
.
,
, ,
,
,
3.
.
,

,
.

.
, , , , .
.
.
, , ,
.-. . .-.. .
(
) . . , , ,
.
. 26
4 ,
. I 18051806 ., . , , ,
, ,
. ,
.
.
,
, .

( IV, 18201830 .), .

,
, . .
, -

2011


(18061808)
(18081815)
. ,
1813 . XIV ,
.-. , , .

:
, ,
. , ?
, ? ,
, .
. ,
, . ,
,

,
, ,
! :
, ,
! ,
,
, ,
, ,
, , :
, ,
, ,


, , , ,
, ,
, , ,

, ,
. ,
, ,
, ,
,
. , , , ,

. ,
,
, ,
, ,
,
!4

:
!.. ,
,

,
5.

, . , : ,
,
: ,
, ,
, ,
6.

. .
,
( ), ,
I.
, ,
.
, .
. . .
-.
,
.
,
. , , .

. . , , . .
-, .


,
.

. . // . . .: ,
1999. . 7.
2
. . .
// . C. 3233.
3
. . 36.
4
. . . .: , 1992. . 447, 448449.
5
. . 450.
6
. : . . XVXIX . ., 1967. . 146.

75

784:378
. .

-
.
- .
: , , , , , , ,

Vladimir A. Vasilev
The evolution of the Russian choral culture
and problems of improving the conductor-choral education
The article reveals the current state of Russian choral art. Also review the system of the Russian conductorchoral education and define the ways of further development and improvement of Russian choral school.
Keywords: choir, chorus culture, music education, the traditions of the Russian school of music, continuity,
conducting, solfeggio, chorus pedagogy


XXI . - ,
, .
acappella
-
.
XXI .
( )
. , ,
, , ,
- ,
.


(, , , , ,
, , ,
.) , .
XX .
76



- .
:
) ();
) ; ) -
, - XIX XX . (
, , - ,
,
) .
- .


- .
,
. , ,
, , , .
,

. ,

2011


(, , , , , , .)
.
:
1. , .
2.
.


.
-
1980- 1990- .
.
-
1960-
. .


- .

-, . (
, ,

. , ,
.)
(. . 1, . . 2, . .3. .),
(, ,
.),
( -),
- .
-

4.

,
- 5.


- . . 6,
..7, . . , . . ,
. . 8, . . 9, . .10 . . ,
11
-
, ,
-
.
. . ,

12.
(
..), . . .

13,
, XXI .
.
. - .

.
. ,
,
. ,
,
XVIII ., acapella.
( ,
X XVII . .
,
,
.)
(X XX .)

.
: ,
.
,
,

-
77

. .
( ,

, - , ,
- -
).
, -

,
, - ,
.

- ( ,

,
)
.

- :
1. - - .
2. . (

, , : , , ,
.)
-
14 15.
, ,
-, ()
- -. (
).
3. .
,
,
.
4. ,
78



.
.
5.
.
6. - , , ,
.
7. - .
,
,
,
- .

.

. ( .
( )
, . . ,
.)
(. . , . . ,
.., . . ). . .
XX . : , -

-,
. -
,
--- ( ,
),
-,

,
16.
, - .

2011


-
,
. 1518
, , . , ,


17.


-. , ,
. . . .
,
.
, ,
18.
,
- :
) , ;
) , ;
) - ,
.

- . . , . .
. -
, ,
.
,

.

-
. , -

-
: .
-
-
( ).


.
XX XXI .
.
,

.
-
- ,
.
, -, , ,
, ( , -

) .
-,
, ,
- . . -,
,
(IIV
) , .
(IIV
), , , ,

.


34- .
-,
79

. .

. ,

.
.

,

.
,
,
,
, .
,
.
-, ,

, .
- ,

, , .



- .

,
.
19,
.
, ,
, .

.
, .
, ,
, , .

80


, .

.
,
, ,
.
,
.
,
,
,
, .
, ,
- .
, , , ,
,
.
,
, , , ,
, , ,
;
,
.

, . ,

,
.

: , , ,
.

:
1. - -
.
2. -
.
3. ,
.
4.
- .

2011



, , ,
, , ,
-
.
,
. ,
, -
(
). ,
-, ,
(),
,
.

,
:
) () ;
) ,
;
) - ;
) .
,
.
, - .
,


:
, , ,
, ,
- ,
-.
,
, ,

, ,
.

1
. . , , .
., 1985.
2
. . : .
. ., 1972.
3
. .
: . .
. ., 1987.
4
. . - . ., 1991.
5
. .
// - : . . . . . . . .,
1985. . 314; . . -
- . . : . . . . . , 1990;
. .
-
XIX XX .: .
. . : . . . . .
., 1990.
6
. .
. 2- . ., 1973.
7
. . . ., 1983.
8 . ., . ., . .
. ., 1990.
9
. .
. ., 1983.
10
. . :
. . . ., 1988.
11
. . . ., 1984.
12
. ., . . , . ., 1988. . 10.
13
. . . ., 1957; . .

XVII XX . ., 1985; - . .
. ., 1974.
14
. ., 1983.
15
. .,
1973;
/ . . . . ., 1970.
16
. . . . . 60.
17

, , .
18
. ., . .
. ., 1971. . 26.
19
. . //
. ., 1975; . .
.
., 1979; - . . .
., 1973.

81

002.218(470.23-25)
. .
- XIX .
XIX ., , , , .
: , , , ,

Vera V. Kornilova
St. Petersburgs illustrated magazines for children in 19th century
The article deals with the history of phenomenal origin of illustrated magazines for children in 19th century,
reveals the circle of their creators, and also the painters and the writers, taken part in their mounting. It describes
the main stages of their evolution and gives the stylistic analysis.
Keywords: magazines for children, illustrations, painters, writers, publishers

, ,
, :

, .
,
. . ,
,

1.

XIX .
.. , 6 12 . ( 1785 1789 .)


.. . . . 48-

,
, , , .
,

, ,
, , . . 2.
, XIX .3
82

,
, .

, .
,
, , ,
4. .,
,
5.


1813 .,

,
.
, ,
. ,

, ,


. ,

,
, . , , ,
,
.

. -

2011

- XIX .

.

, . ,
, , ,

, ,
, ,

, 6.
, , .

. , ,
, , (), ,
, 7.

, : .
! , 8. ,
,
,
.
. , , ,
- .
, , ,
,
.
, - .
.

, .

,
.
- , -


. (,
, )
. ,
, .
, , ,
.
,
, ,
, .


. , , ,

.

, 9.
,

.
,
,
, ,
, ,

, .


,
,
. ( ,

) ,
, .
,
, ,
. ,
, , , . . ,
,
10.
83

. .
.


11. ,
.
, 1800- . . . , ,
, . . . . ,
:
. . , . . , . . .
,
1817 . ,
. .



,
. ,
, -; ,
,
,
,
. 12.
, , , , : . ,

. ,



.. . ,
, ,
, ,

,

, .
13. XIX.

.
, ,

.
84

XIX

. , , . .
1845 .
,
14.
, , . . , . ., . . (), . .
, .
,
.

. (.
. .)
, , . . 15.
XIX .
, ,
, .
,
, 18561858 .,
. . , ,
, , ,
.
. , ,
, , , , ,
,

1859 ., 16.

, : , , 17.
,
,
, , ,
, .
, , 18.
,

2011

- XIX .
.
, ;
,

19,
. ,
, ,
, ,
20.
- .
,
1860- ., ,
.
, XIX

, , .
, 1869 . , 1894 . .
, . . ,
XVIII . . , . .
. ..
,
, ,
- ,
. -, - ,
21.
,
. .
,
, .
-
, , , , -

, 22.
1894 .
-
. . , . . , .. , . . . , ,

.
. . , .. , . . ,
. ., . -, . , . , . . , . . , . . , . . .
, ,
:
, - - , , , ,
, . .., . . -, . . , . . ,
. , . , . , .,
, , .
,
, , .
, , -
, , , ,
.

, , , - ,
.

- . . 23,
. , ., . . 24. .
. . .

,
. ,
, , ;
; , ,
.
,
, , ,
. ,
, 85

. .
.
,
- ,
,
,
.
: , , -.

, :
. ,
,

25.
,
. ,
, ,
.
26. , , , .
,


.
- ,
,

.
, :
! ! ,

!..

- , , .
,
, .
, .
,
, .
,
. . .
. ; 86

,
. .27

, , , ,
. . .
. ,
, , 28, ,
.
,
1884 . 29.

, ,
.
.

, ,
.
, 1887 ., ,
,
. 30.

, ,

,

XIX .
1880- . ,
, , .
,
.
1876 . ,
-
. ,
,
,
. -

2011

- XIX .

: ( .
. .) , ,
,
.
,
,
,
,
:
, ,
,
,
, .



31.

:
(58 ),
(812 ), ( 12 )
.
, .
, ,
, ,

.

.
:
. , , .

. ,
, . ,
, , ,
,
, ,
32. ,
33.

,
. . .
,
, ; ,
;
,
34. . . , . . , . . ( . ),
. , . -, . ,
..,
. . 35.
, , , ,
, , ,
,
.
. (
. . )
, ,
, .
. ,

, , ,
, ,
, . ,
, ,
, . .
, 1880- .

, , - ,

. ,
, 12
140 . , . , . ,
.
1895 . ,
( )
: -,
, -, , .
87

. .
.

(. . ),
, .
, ,
,
, .
. . 36 1883 . ,
..37. .
-
. ,
1883 ., .
,
,
. , ,
,

, , ,
, 38.
, -

.
1870- .
, 1880- .
.

, , , ,
.
.
1881 . . . . . ,

, 39.
, -,
, . . , . . , . . -, . . , . .
. .
88



, , .., . . . . .
., . , . . , ,
, .
,
,

, ,
..
.

. . , 18551856 .

. . . . . . . . ,
XV,
- ,
, .

,
.
.
1888 . . . . . , . . .
,
, , . ,
40,
, .
,
, ,
, ,
. ,
(18801912, -)
.
,
.

,

2011

- XIX .
40- ., (.,
18781889. 3 .), . . 41.
,
42,
.
. .
, ,
, .
,

.
,
,
.
, .

. ,
, 43.

..

. ,
, 44. . . , .., . . , . . ,
.. ,
, 45. , ,

,


46.

.
,
, :
. .

, , , ,
47.
-, , .
, ,

. . . -,

.
, ,
, ,
,
,
,
, , . 1889 .
48. , . ,
, .
, , ,

, -49.
,
,
,
.
,
,
. , ,

,

- . .
. , . ,
., . .
. . ,

.
.
,
.

. . . ,
, , ,
, ,
, 50.
. .
89

. .
. -
: , ,
, ,

,
, , ,
51.

. .
, ,
, . .
1880- . (1885),
(18861890),
(18871888), (18841887)
- .
,
.

52.
,
53.

() (18291893).

(18771880, -),
(18551908)54 (18351917). , ,

. ,
, 55,

. . .
..
. . , . . ,
.. , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . 90

, . -.
.. , , .
, . . ,
.. (. ), . . , ... . . -, . . -, . . , . . ,
. .
. , . ,
., . .

, , ,
, . ,

, , , .
.

, , . . .
-
,
, ,
56.

,
. . , . . -,
..-, . .
.

, , , .
,
,

.

,
57.
. . ,
. . , . . ,

,
.
, . . , ,
.

2011

- XIX .
, ,
,
;
. ,
,
,
, .
,
, , .

, ,
. .
.
,
. , ,
, , ,
. ,
, :
.
, , .
.
.
!58. -
.

. . 59. ,
,
,
, .
- ,
.
.

.
. .
60.
,
,
, . : ,

, ,
, .

. 418 , 1886 .
3000 ( 5 .).
,
1893 .
.
- .

, . . 61.
. . ,
.

XIX

.
. ,
-
. , 62.
: , , ,
,
-
,
63. ,
XIX .,
-, , ,
, .
, , . . ,
.

.
,
, .


. ,
91

. .
. ,
, , : . .,
. . , . , . ., . ., . . , . . .

.


.
XIX .
,
.
, 1813 .,
,

, ,
. -
,
, ,
.
, ,
64.
XIX .
,
, .
, ,
, 65.
,


- ,
. , (
) 66.

,


.
60- .
92

,
.
, ;
, ,
, ,
. ,
,
, .
. , , ,
,
. . 67.
, 60- . -,
, ,
, , 68.
XIX .
. ,
.
, , ,
. . . :

,
:
69. ,
,
,
. . .

.
, .
, ,
,
,
.

70.
,
,

. ,
,
,

2011

- XIX .
, .
XIX . , .
. . 71,
, ,
. , ,
, ,
.

:
. , , , , , ,

-, , ,
. , ; ,
,
72.
,
,

, .
,
, ,
.
, ,
. . ,
-
, ,

, ,
.
,
, .
, . ,
( 1906 1912 .
.. , 1912 . . . ),

.
,
,

(. . , . . , . . ,
. ),
. ,
,
.
, , ,

.

, ,
. ,
--

, ,

73.

. , :
, ,
,
, -

,
, , , ,
,
,
74.
. .

, ,
, , ,
, ,
-, -,
(1217 ),
75.
, ,
.
, , ,
,
.
1860- .

, .
93

. .
1881 . 50
. ,
.
,
,
- .

. 1846 1870 . 500 ,
1870 1894 .
1400.
,

( ) 1871 .,

76.

1
2





()

()

72

177

56

84

74

87

51

44

53

23

15

63

81

32

6
7



.
,
, ,
. ,
, ,
, , ,

.
,
,
. ,
94

XIX . .


, . ,
,
,
, .
. . , . . , . .
.

.
,
, ,
, .
,
,
. , . .

,
, . . ,
,
,
..
, : ,
,
.


,

1880- . - .
,

.

, , ,
- . -

,
.

2011

- XIX .


, ,
,
.
-. ,
,

.
,
: , , . ,

.


( ,
, 1873 .,
).


XIX .

. . . ., 1909. . 59.
. 1783. 2.
3
. .
// . . . ., 1982. . 2.
. 91. . : . . .
., 1989. . 10.
4
. . . . . 92.
5
. : .
6
,
. 1813. 9. . 212.
7
.
8
. . 215.
9
. . 119.
10
. // .
. 1869. . 8. . 732.
11
. . 734.
12
. . 746.
13
. . 736.
14
. ., 18421844. ,
.
15
. . . . . 84.
16
. ., . ., . . : 2 . ., 1967. . 1. . 92.
2

17

. . . . . 69.
. 1869. 10. . 56.
19
. . 4041.
20
. . 56.
21
. . (
. .). , 1889. . 7.
22
.
23
(18441883) ,
, . (), , -.
. 1862 .
.
,
.
:
, 1873 .

(. . 1894. 11. . 340353).
24
(18421908) . - ,
9
.
, , . .
.
,
.
( .).
25
. 1880. 2. . 97.
26
. . 228229
27
. . 3.
28
. 4. . 96.
29
. . 1.
30
. 1887. 1112. . 417.
31
. . 1912. 6. . 4.
32
. . 1876. 1. . 1.
33
.
34
.
35
(18551918) , , .
36
(18251883)
.
. . .: . .
. .; ., 1916 ( . . 157. . 1. . 30).
37
. . ,
. .
.
, ,
,

,
(. . 776. . 6. . 33. . 84 104).
38
. : [ .
18

95

. .
. ]. .; : - .. , [1907].
. 8.
39
. . 17851917 . .,
1973. . 31.
40
. . 32.
41
. . // . . 1889. . 40, 15. . 265.
42
. 1914. 4. . 447.
43
. 5. . 616.
44
.
45
. . ., 1973. . 20.
46
. 1914. 4. . 444.
47
. . 445.
48
. 5. . 617.
49
. 1890. 10. . 379.
50
. 16. . 539.
51
. 10. . 379.
52
. 1882. 4. . 446.
53
1888 1915 . -
, . . . . .
54

.
(18531887)
(: .) ,
, , , . .:
. 1887. 3. . 73; . .
. .,1893. . 7. . 34.
(18551908) (: ., -., , ., ., ., )
, ,
, . ,
,
1882 . - ,
1891. .

. 1882 . . . ,
.
1900- .
(18831943, )
(1885 1942). 1884 . . .

96


- .
- (18831943)
. . . .
.
55
. ., . . //

1979. ., 1980. . 8.
56
. . 7.
57
. 1882. 1. . 1.
58
. 10. . 384.
59
. . 1819.
60
.
61
. . . . . 72.
62
. . 1886. 1. C. 1.
63
.
64
. .
. 20.
65
. . . . . 14.
66
. . 20.
67
. 1869. 10. . 56.
68
. . .
.; ., 1911. . 7.
69
. . // . ., . ., . .
. ., 1983. . 332.
70
. . . . . 80.
71
(18401917)
, . 1869 1879 .
. - ,
. 1887 . ,
4 1899 .
, 1903 ., . ., . 1905 .


1906 . .
72
. . ., 1957. . 153.
73
. .
. 94.
74
. . 95.
75
. . 96.
76
. . 1742. . 1. . . 3. . 1. XV 3/13.

2011

Museology

069(44)19
. .
1930- .
1930- ., . . , .
.
: , , , , ,
,

Irina A. Kuklinova
Theory and practice of museum activities in France in the 1930s
The author of this article refers to the museums life in France of the 1930s, to its theory and practice. On the
material of the publications in the French periodicals of those years is carried out analysis of the main tendencies of
museum work of this period. Thinking about the museum, researchers often concerned the issues and the special
architecture. Scientific works of the time also allow you to explore the history of construction in Paris palaces Tokyo
and Chaillot and settle in them a number of museums.
Keywords: museum activities, architecture museum, exposure, a temporary exhibition, the palace de Chaillot,
the palace Trocadero, France


. ,
, ,
,
. , 1930- .
,

. ,

1950- . XX . ,
III
,
V . ,
1950- . , V
, III ,
XIX .
XX . .


1930- ., .
98


.
,
. Cahiers dart ( ) ,
19341938 . Architecture daujourdhui
( ), .

- , ,

, .


( ,

),
.
,
.

? . XIXXXI .1,
,
-

2011

1930- .
2007 .

?, 2010 .

. 2, . ,
XX . .
: , , ,
, , , ,
. , ? .
193720143 .
, , ,
,
19201930- . ,

-
.
, , 4.
1930 .
.
1931 . . , Cahiers
dart.
. (

,
,
5).

, . ,
6.
,

, 7.
,
, , ,
.
, , , ,
, ,
8.

.
,
,
. ,
?,
,
XX .
, , (

9), ,

, .
,
, 10.
, , ,

, XX .
.

, Architecture daujourdhui (
) 1938 . 11.
(
,
).
, , . ,
, , ,
,
. ,

, , , . ,
99

. .

, , , . ,
.
, ,
, ,

. :
?
:
,
;
,
;
,

;
.
,
, .
, ,
,
, .
, ,
, , , .
, , , ,
,
, ,

, , ,

. XIX .,
,
, .
, ,
.
XIX .


. , 100

: ,
, , 12.
,

.
, .
.
. ,
,
. ,
, , .
, ,
, - . . .
,
,
.

, , ,
, 13.
. . ,
. ,
-,
. ,
,
,
.
, ,
.
,
.
,
.

. , ,
, -

2011

1930- .

,
. , . ,

,
, .
, , , , ,
, , , , . .14.

.

,
, ,

,
15.
, . ,
,
. , , ,

.

,
, . ,
.
, , ,
,
. , , :

, ,
,
.
, XIX . , .
,
.
1930- .
?
- , . -

, ,
: ( )
( )16.
, , ,
: ,
. ,
XIX .
,
.
,
, ,
.
, , . ,
,
.

,

, ,
.
Architecture
daujourdhui 19341938 .
, , , , ,

.
,
, ,
(
).
1937 ., .
.
, , , .
10 1934 . ,

?
-17.
-
.
101

. .
,
,

. ,
, .
128 18,
. ,
., .-. , . . 19.
, - . ,
, . LArchitecture daujourdhui.
.
, , :
1937! ,

1937
20.
,
, ,
.
:
, ,
, ,
. , ,
. ,
,
,
,
. -21.
. . ,

: .

, ,
, ,
. , , (
. . .)22.
,
:
,
102

,
: -,
,
,
. . :
, ; , .
,
, 23. ,
1937 .
,
1937 .
1934 .24

1938 . ,
. .

XIX ., . .-.
.
- .
1820- .,
,


. ,

, 1878 .
,
, ,
,
.

, , ,
(1878 .)
(1882 .).

, ,

.
, 1937 .,
.
,
-

2011

1930- .
25. ,
, ,
, 1937 . (
5/6 1937 .).
. , 1947.:
!26.
. , ,
:
, ,
, , : ?

, . ? .
. ?
27.

1938 ., ,
.

: ,
,
. , .
, ,
,
28
.
,
,
, -
, :
, ,
,
. 29.
,

,
1920- .,

.
. ,
,

, ,
,
30. -


. ,

,
,
, ,

31.
, ,
, 32.

2,5 . .
,
,
,
,
. ,
, - 300 ,

,
.
, , 1020 % .

: , , ,
, , ,
, , ,
33. .
,

.
,
XIX . ,
.
.--,
. ,
,
, ,

34. ,
103

. .
, ,
,
.
, ,

.
, ,
: ,
, .
,
.
, , ,
, , .

:
,
35.
,
. , , , ,
,
. ,
, .
-.
,
.
1938 . , .


.-. . ,
,
-
. ,

.
. ,

,
,

36.
104

.
,
: , , , , ,
, ,
, , ,
. ,
.
, ,
, ,

, .
,
. (
, ), ,
.
,

,
.


37,
30- . XX .

De nouveaux modles de muses? Formes et enjeux


des crations et rnovations de muses en Europe. XIXXXI
sicles. Paris: LHarmattan, 2008. 340 p.
2
- ,
. , , 2010 ., .
3
Chefs-doeuvre? Architecture de muses: 19372014.
Metz: Ed. du Centre Pompidou-Metz, 2010. 240 p.
4
Amouroux D. Muse dart contemporain // Ibid. P. 58.
5
Le Corbusier / ed. par W. Boesiger; [Aus dem Dt. bers
von: H. R. Von der Mhll]. Sonderausg. Basel, Boston, Berlin,
Birkhauser, 1998. P. 226. URL: www. books. google. ru (
25. 06. 2011).
6
. / . . ;
. . . .: - . , 1970.
. 110.
7
Le Corbusier. P. 226.
8
Ibid.
9
Amouroux D. Op. cit. P. 60.
10
. .
( -

2011

1930- .
XX ). URL: http: // sociologist.
nm. ru / articles / museum. htm ( 28. 08. 2011).
11
Hautecoeur L. Programme architectural des muses//
LArchitecture daujourdhui. 1938. 6. P. 512. ,
URL: http: // portaildocumentaire. citechaillot.fr (
20. 06. 2011).
12
Ibid. P. 9.
13
Ibid.
14
Ibid. P. 11.
15
Ibid.
16
Lemonier A. Larchitecture du muse: un espace
autre // Chefs-doeuvre? Architecture de muses: 19372014.
Metz: Ed. du Centre Pompidou-Metz, 2010. P. 41.
17
. : Cinqualbre O. Concours pour
la construction des muses dart moderne de la Ville et de
lEtat // Ibid. P. 6267.
18
Brunon-Guardia G. LExposition de 1937 et la presse//
LArchitecture daujourdhui. 1934. 10. P. 25. URL: http: //
portaildocumentaire. citechaillot. fr ( 22.
06. 2011).
19
, LArchitecture daujourdhui
: , XX ., , 1937 .,
, 37, .
20
Bloc A. Le concours des muses dart moderne //
LArchitecture daujourdhui. 1934. 10. P. 13. URL: http:// portaildocumentaire. citechaillot. fr ( 22.06.2011).

21

Debat-Ponsan // Ibid. P. 17.


Pingusson G. H. // Ibid. P. 20.
23
Le Corbusier // Ibid. P. 23.
24
Ibid.
25


.
26
Loisy J. // LArchitecture daujourdhui. 1937. 5/6.
P. 11. URL: http: // portaildocumentaire. citechaillot. fr (
22. 06. 2011).
27
Dormoy M. // Ibid. P. 10.
28
Carlu J., Boileau L. H., Azma L. // Ibid. 1938. 6. P. 36.
29
Soustelle J. Le muse de lHomme // Ibid. P. 41.
30
Ibid. P. 42.
31
Ibid.
32
Pontabry, Laurens, Gautherot Amnagements intrieurs du muse de lHomme // LArchitecture daujourdhui.
1938. 6. P. 4445. URL: http: // portaildocumentaire. citechaillot. fr ( 20. 06. 2011).
33
Carlu J., Boileau L. H., Azma L. Op. cit. P. 39.
34
Ibid. P. 36.
35
Ibid. P. 38.
36
Ibid.
37
Simonnot N. Entre filiation du modle thorique et
creation dun muse monographique indit: Le muse national
Marc Chagall // De nouveaux modles de muses? Formes et
enjeux des crations et rnovations de muses en Europe.
XIXXXI sicles. Paris: LHarmattan. P. 115.
22

105

069:004.357
. .

, .
, .
: , , ,

Larisa P. Barutkina
Multimedia in contemporary museum exposition
The article describes use of new information technologies for additional means to arrange museum space as
well as for independent instrument set creating new virtual environment. Here are listed examples of introducing
multimedia to museum activities and prospective design solutions for exposition arrangement.
Key words: multimedia culture, multimedia environment, multimedia means, design


,
.
.
(, , , , ) ,
, .
. ,
(, , ) ,
,

, .


,
, .

D-ROM, .

, . 106


. 1,

, . .

,

, D-ROM.

XXXXI . -. , ,
- ( 2, - 103).

, ,
, -.


.



,
,
.

2011


-, - ,
,
.

4. , ,
.
, ,
, , .
,
.

, ,
,
.
,
5 ,
-
.
, ,

, , 6.
,
, , , 3D-
. ,
( ) , ,
.

(2003),
(2004), (2009) .
7.


3D-, , , ,
.

. .
7 1901 .
.
. .


. ,
,
, ,

.
CD-ROM , .
, , .


. , ,
, .


,
.

,
, ,
, , , .
, ,
. (

)
,
8.
,
, ,
.
,
,
, ,
. ,
, , - .

: , ,
107

. .
, ,
( ), ,
. ,
. .
, ,
, ,
,
, 9.
, ,
,

.
,
, .

108

1
URL: http: // www. gif. ru / themes / culture / filonovopened ( 01.09.2011).
2
URL: http: // www. erarta. com (
01.09.2011).
3
URL: http: // www. p10. ru (
01.09.2011).
4
URL: http: // www. vodokanal-museum. ru ( 01.09.2011).
5
URL: http: // www. virtualrm. spb. ru (
01.09.2011).
6
URL: http: // www. virtualrm. spb. ru / mediateka (
01.09.2011).
7
URL: http: // www. rusmuseum. ru (
01.09.2011).
8
. .
// . . . 2007. 6 (23). . 35. URL: http: // www. rusrev. org
( 01.09.2011).
9
. . // .
2001. 4. . 119.

2011

72(470.23-25)19
. .


- XX . ,
, . , .
, , ,
. , -
, . , .
: , , ,
, , , , -, , , , , , -, .

Anton M. Timofeev
Acquisition by museums and the reshaping of industrial monuments
ofarchitecture on the example of malting plant Bavaria
Building malting plant Bavaria in Petrovsky Island was built in a constructive and functional style in the early XXth century.
This industrial monument is a unique building, that combines innovative design trends in the construction and application of new
materials for its time, not the traditional form and style. Saving malt buildings could become a symbol of renewal of industrial
buildings of St. Petersburg, which made possible a new era. Modern art ideas are seeking his incarnation in the monuments of
the past, and the use of factory buildings of the past, which have the status of cultural property is an important stimulus for the
development of creative potential. Following current trends, where industrial buildings are transformed into art objects, and
become commercial projects this is the right vector conversion of industrial buildings in St. Petersburg, including for malting
plant Bavaria. In this case, the proposed conversion of the malt house in the center of the tasting, the project Peter Malt.
Keywords: malt Bavaria, Petrovsky island, the monuments of industrial architecture, industrial buildings,
modern architecture in the industrial, cultural value, historical and cultural monument, the art-object, the project
Peter Malt conversion, restoration, museumification, updating, loft project, a virtual playground.


.

XX .
,
. ,
, , ,
.
- - .

, 1.

XX .
.
: 10 100 .
. (

),
, ,
2 .
109

. .
,
XX .,
1911 . 3.

- 4.
, ,
.

.
, .
.
,
,
.
- , XX .
.
. 5.
1988 .

.

.
, ,
, ,
- . ,
,
,
.
,

6.
, , 7.
, -

, .
14-
(
50 ). .
6- (2 ).
3- . ,
110

8.



.
,
,
9.
.


, - ,
. ,
10.
,
, ,
. ,
.

,
, .

, ,
,
.
.
, ,
,
.
. . ,

8000
: - - .


, . . , -

2011


,

. ,


. , ,

.

. ,

11.


.
.
,
. ,
12 .


,
:
- ,
,
;
,
,
,
; ,
-
- 13.
,

.

.
,
-,
.
, -

,

, , ,
.

.
,
-. .

14.

.

, .

: , ;
, -,
, , ; , , ,
, , , , ,
. .;
, ,
, ;
,
.
,
-, 1901 . ( . ), 1971 . , 1999 .
. , . , . ,
, , ,
, .
, 15.

,

16.
,
.
111

. .
,
.
,
, . ,
, ,


.
, .

, .
, , -

,
.
,
.
,
, ,
.
, XX .?
.
.

XX .


, ,
.
,

, . 1979 . .


17. , 112


.
,
18.

.
, ,
. , .
,
,
, .
,
.
.
,
,
I
,
,
, .

,

, ,
, .

.

XX ., ,
,
,
.
,
, ,
.


.
,
,
,

, ,
, ,
.

-

2011


. , ,
.
. ,
,

,
, ,
, ,
,
. , ,

. ,
.
,
.
:
(
);
( );
(
, );
;
;
, ;
,
, ,
, 3D
, .
,
,
. ,
, ,
, ,
.
( ), .

,
,

, .

. . (
) // . 2000. 1.
.29.
2
.
3
. // .
1971. 1, . C. 41.
4
/ . . , . . , . . ,
.. . ., 2003. C. 114.
5
.
. 794, . 1273 .: [ . ;
. ] /
-, . . ,
; . . . ,
. . . ., 2007. .
6
. . . .:
, 2003. . 159.
7
.
8
. . 3.
9
. . . . 29.
10
.
11
. . . . 29.
12
,
.
13
. . VIII XX .: .-.
: . - . ., 2002. . 248.
14

.
. URL: http: // news. zem. ru (
01.09.2011).
15
. . XVIII XX . . 214.
16
,
, , , .
17
. . XVIII XX . . 194.
18
. . 195.

113

74565
. .

:
, ( VI . . ). . . . ,
, ,
, ,
, , . .
: , , , , ,

Anna E. Petrakova
Siana cups by the C Painter and vase-painters of his circle
in the State Hermitage Museum: to the question of attribution and dating
The article deals with the problem of attribution and dating of whole cups and fragments from the collection
of the State Hermitage Museum, which we can classify as the Siana cups (one of the types of the Athenian blackfigured cups of the 6th century BC). Thanks to the publications by H. A. G. Brijder, who has elaborated the questions
of classification, dating and attribution of cups of this type, we can now specify attribution and dating of some
published already cups and fragments from the Hermitage collection, as well as to define in the archaeological
collections of the museum some unknown earlier items, which can be attributed to The C Painter, the Taras Painter,
The Malibu Painter and others from the circle of The C Painter.
Key words: attribution, Siana cups, The C Painter, Athenian pottery, black-figured drinking cups

1

,

.
XIX2
XX.3, ,
4.
(Siana cups) ,
.
. .
1929 .5 ( Siana
group6),
7
,
, 1884 .8
9.

(Komast cups)10
(Little-master cups)11,
.
,
114

. 1885 .12, . 13,


14.
,
,
,

; .
. , ,
VI . . .15, 1934.

VI . . .16,
1936 .17
195918 196019 .
.
. . .

VI . . ., . . 575 . . .20,
535525.
. 21.
. 22,
. 23, . 24 .,

2011




VI . . . (
1884 1983 .
. . . ,
, , ,
)25.


:
(overlap), (double-decker)
26. ,
, . 27 ,

(. 560 .
. .), ,
28. .

(an error of taste) 29.


,
.
. . . ,
30, ,
, ,
, , (, , , ),
,
( ,
), ,
,
.

: , VI . . .,

(The C Painter)31, ,
560540 . . . (The Heidelberg Painter),
- (The Griffin-Bird
Painter) , 550535 .
. . .


, .

, ,

.

1956 ., ,
, ,
148 ,
32, 1971 .
30 33,
. 1983 .
119 ,
(. 1119),
.
130 , 140, . .

. , , , ,
, ,

, , ,

.
,
.
,
(, , ,

, ).
,

,
, , ,
, .

,
.
(The C Painter)34
Corinthializing, ,
, 35. 1934 .
. ,
,
, 78 . ,
, ,

36 ( ,

, , 115

. .
);
, .
. . . .

37, 570-
550- . . .,
, , , .
, .
,
, ,
, . . , ,

( , ).
(, ),
(
).
.
(, ,
),
,
, .
, ,

. ,
XIX XX. .

. . 351 1909 .,
, ,
,
(. : 6,8 14,5 4,4 2,6 ; 2425 )38.
; ;


( );
.
1955 . .. , 39
(
, ).
1983.
,
116


40. . 351,
,
,
( 20 ),
, 41.
,
895442, I.
G. 434043 HC 147344.
, . , ,
,
,
45, , ,
46. , . 351
,
570565 . . .
, , ,
. . 322 (.
: 3,1 5 5,1 3 )
1909.47

,
.
.. 48

. 1983.
. 322 49,
(
560- . . .) ,
50. ,
,
611351,
. ,
,
<> <>
, ,

52. ,
. 322
560- . . .
. . 9198
(. 2,8 2,6 ), 1991 .53,
,

2011


. ,


,
: I. G. 434654 451655.
,
570565 . . . .
. . 77122 (. .
3,4 , . . 5,2 ), 1977 .56,
,
: , ,
; .
,
, ,
:
57.

, ,
58,

,
2025659 122560.

570565 . ..
.
. . 342 (.
4,5 3,9 ) 1909 . 61 ,


.


,
62, 304063.
,
,
, , 646964,
.

,
30. 465.
. 342
570560 . . .

. . 348 (. 9,7 3,9 )
, 1909 .66, -


, .
. . 570560 .
..67 , , ,
, ,
68,
( )
.

69 ,
70.
, , ,
, ,
71;
. , ,
HC 35872,
, , .


73.
, ,
74.
, , -,
8115075, - 12. 234. 176
BS 42877 (
).

,
37978
38079, , , 81150
I. G. 444280,
. , -
,
,

.
.348
, . . 560- . . .
. . 472 (.
3,4 3,2 )
1947 .81
, ,
117

. .
;
.
, . , ,


,
: I. G. 434682 HC 35883.
,
570565 . . .
.

. . 77120
1977 . (. 4,5 8 )
, 84.

,
.
. .
1981 .
VI . . .85.
1983 .
,
,
,
86. , ,
,
87,
88.
( , , ,
)
89, , ,

, . .
560- . . . ( , ,

, ,
566 . . .90).
, , ,


646991,
. , , ,
,
, 389092. ,

, ..
560- . . .
118


. . 215 (.
6,5 12 3,1 4,1 )93,
1904 .,

.
. . 94
.

95, .
, , , 96,

97.
, , , , , ,
, 8. 198,
. , HC35899,
,

, .
,
.
(gathering)
,
; , ,
, , , . . 215
, . .
560- . . . .

. . 2484, 1914 . , ,
(. 11,812 , . . 21,822,4 )100.
1967 . 101,
1983 . .. 560550.
..102 138536103, , ,
104. ,
, ,

. 19832000 . ,

, 1930- ., 105,
- (The Red-Black Painter)

, . . . 550- . .. -
560550-. ..

2011



,
,
. , ,
,
(
) .
, ,
,

, .
..
. 2484,
, ,
.
1947. 714. 16106,
, ,
. , 107,
, :

,
, . , ,
, 108, -
, . . 560- . ..
663109,
.


110. , -,
-
111. , ,
. 2484 ,
- 112,
(17,5)
( 1614,2 )
(5,2 ) (
2,63,2 ),
.
:
,
-

113,

. , . 2484,

,
- .
, ,
,
,
.
.
, (The Shadow of the C Painter)114,
(The
Taras Painter)115,
, ,
.
,
,
.
,
, :

;
;
,
,
-- (Band-and-Ivy
Group); ,

.

, ,
, 560- .
. .
( ), ,

. 565545. . .,
,
. ,
,

.
. . 63198 (. 3,3 2,7 )116,
1963 .,
. ,


,
119

. .
, , ,
117 (565550 . . .),
,
-118 ( ).

, , 119,
: ,
,
120.
RALS 826121,
13. 814122,
52205123, 565560 . . .
,
565560- . . .
. . 76176 (. 5,4 4,4 )124,
1976.,

.
, . ,

, ,
125.

,
12667126. , . .
560550- . . .

,
1976. .
. 76227 (. 17,6 9,4 ;
7,2 2,6 ; 4,8 4,3 ; 4,6 5 )127.
,



; (
)
.
128, 129,
130, 2148131
132.
, , IG 4905133, 565560- . . .,
,
560550- .
120

. .,
,
.


, 134. 1972 .
, . .
,
. 72129 (. 1,6
3,2 ) . 72132 (2,6 2,1 ). ,
, 135,

, ,
.
, ,
,
136 .
, ,
565545 . . . -

,
.
. . 73211
(. 3,6 2,2 )137 1973 .

, .

-- (Bandand-Ivy Group)138,
. ,
, 332139 ,
140,
. ,
21801141,
.
. 73211
, - 565545 . . .
. . 7897 (.
4,7 4,4 )
1978.142 -
. ,
435143

( 560- . . .).
-

2011


52170144 ,
(560550 . . .). ,
145,
,
,

52205146 6233147,
,
. , ,

,
560540- . . .
.
,
(The Malibu
Painter)148,
77. AE. 46149.
,

. , , ,

,
,
(
).
,

, , .
,
, . .

565550- . . .
,
.
. . 66104 (. 5,5 3,2 )150,
1966 .
, (
)

. , , ,
, ,
151. , ,
L 449152, ,
387153.


, ,
20130154 , 155.

, 156,
.

110338157,
. , ,

, ,
,

158,
. . 66104
565555 . . .
. . 3466 (. 4,5 3,4 )159, 1901 .
,

, .
, , ,
.

,
, ,
160, ,
-161 (
, ),
.
, ,

565550 . . .
. . 84124 (. .
. 5,6 , . . . 12,1 )162, 1984 . ,
( )
.

.

,

163, ,
121

. .
.

320164,
.
,
, 20782165
-.

,

560550- . . .
. . 187043
(. 2,6 3,2 )166 1870 .

.
320167, . 560550-.
. .
, , .

,
,
,
, (. . , ) ,
, ,
. : ,
,
, .
(The Vintage Painter)168
, S 1075169.

, ,
.
:
,
.
,
(, , , ).
550- .
. ., , (The Double-Palmette Painter)170,

.
.

(
122

), ,
,
,
. (The Painter
of the Burgon Sianas)171 550-. . .,

(The Burgon Group)172,
,


. 560550-. . .
(The Adelph Painter)173
174 175,

(
).
. . 89
118 (. 2,4 2,7 )176
1989 .
,
.
, ,
21023177, , 555545 .
. ., .
,
, 62178

BS 428179.
-
12. 234.2180 47691181,
533182, ,

1934. 332183
2137184.
.
.89118 560550-.
. .
. . 481272 (.
5,3 4,2 )185,
1948 .,
c ,
,
. ,
,
,
,
.
.

9599186, ,

2011



958187,
-
560545 . . . , ,
, ,
.

, , , ,
,
.
,
,
958
(. . - )
560545. . .
. . 6882 (. 9,6 5,3 ; 2,5
2,4 ; 2,8 2 ) 1968 . 188

: ,
,
.
. .
VI .
. .189. 1906.
1215.3190.

(
lip-cup)
434191 ( ). 1906. 1215. 1192 (
), 306193 ( ), N. I. 2877/2194 (
- , 550545 . ..),
195 ( , 550545 . . .),
lip-cup 1965. 120196.
,
, ,
197 (
, 565545 . . .);
lip-cup 413198.

199.
. .6882
560540- . .. , ,
.
. . 187073 (. 7,2 5,4 ; 4,6
2,6) 1870 .200 ;
,

.
1906. 1215. 1201 (
), , 320202 ,
203, .

,
204. 560540- . . .
.
. . 3455 (. 4,3 3,2 )205
1901 .
.
( ),

, , . . 187073.
, . 3455
, . 187073. ,
,
, .
. . 212 (.
3,1 2,2 )206, 1904 .,
, .
,
,
.
207,

CP 10241208.

560550 . . .
. . 76196 (. 4,9 2,7 )209 1976 .

. :
.
,

.
-
, , HC 1474210,
R 53-c211 ,
518 I 459,2212.
,
529213. ,
- 123

. .
,
C 10245214, 560550- . . .

-
560550- . . .
. . 481669 (.
3,2 2,8 )215
1948 .
, .
.
,
, - ,

, ,
58216.
,
- .
. . 73244 (. .
3 , . . 3,5 )217
1973 .



.

, :

L 449218,
, 20130219,
,
220.

-
2121221 - L 448222,
,

,

, SL 462223.
,

- -
560550 . . .
. . 73241 (.
3,8 2,6 ),
1973 . , , 224.

1041225 ( -, ,
124

560550- . . .).
78123226 13250227.
, ,
560540- . . .,
550545 .
. .228 ,


229, 560550 .
. . , (
), ,
,
, ,
,
.. 555545 . . .
. . 74131 (.
5 4,1 )230
1974 .

,
. , , ,
; ,
.



. ,
, ,
673231 58. 13232
, 233.
,
234 235.
236
237.
Civico238.

B 539239. :

, ,
,

240. , , ,
,
. 1455 ,
, -

2011


. .74131

560550- . . .
. . 9063 (. 3,2 3,3 )241 1990 .



.
,
, . 74131,
,
. , :

242, 243,
244.
Civico245. ,
37990246.
6113 247
, 12586248.

. 9063
560550- . . .
. . 76163 (.
6,5 5,6 )249
1976 .
.

, (
) (
), , , ,
.
,
, 25418250, F 1755,
89, HC 358251, 3038252.


253.

560550- . . .
, ,
XX XXI .,
,
,
,
, ,
,
,
. -




, ,
,
, 560550- . . .


(-
), VI . . .



.

1

. . ,
.. ,
. .
. .
,
.
2
. .
. ., 1983. . 2, 3. . 1983;
. . : . .
. . ., 1913. . 149, 150.
3
. . . . . 1; . .
// .
. ., 1967. . 28. . 3536. .
1967.
4
. . .
., 1986; . ., . ., . .
1982 .: . //
. ., 1986. . 3360; Solovyov S. L. Ancient Berezan: the
Architecture, history and culture of the first Greek colony in
the Northern Black Sea, Colloquia Pontica. Leiden, 1999. Vol.4;
:
: 120- . : .
. / . . ., 2005.
5
Beazley J. D., Payne H. G. G. Attic Black-figured Fragments from Naucratis // J. of Hellenic Studies. 1929. Vol. 49.
P.253272.
6
Ibid. P. 260.
7
. ,
. .
, .
8
Smith C. Four archaic vases from Rhodes // J. of Hellenic Studies. 1884. Vol. 5. P. 220240.

125

. .
9

Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. British Museum 2. Pl. 8,


1 and 8, 2.
10
: BrijderH. A. G. Siana cups I and Komast cups, Allard Pierson
series. Amsterdam, 1983 Vol. 4 ( . 1983.).
Brijder. 1983. . : Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Amsterdam 2. P. 13 ( . 1996 .).
.:
.
// . . .: - . ,
2009. . 67. . 7082.
11
:
Beazley J. D. Little-Masters cups // J. of Hellenic Studies. 1932.
Vol. 52. P. 167203.
12
Furtwngler A. Beschreibung der Vasensammlung im
Antiquarium III. Berlin, 1885. P. 286.
13
Beazley J. D., Payne H. G. G. Op. cit. P. 260; Beazley J.D.
The Troilos cup // Metropolitan Museum Studies. 193436.
Vol.5. P. 93115.
14
. ,
, .
, ,
, -, -
. .: Pfuhl E. Malerei und Zeichnung der Griechen IIII. Mnchen, 1923. Bd. 1. P. 203, 254;
BeazleyJ.D. Troilos cup. P. 102, note 3; Kleinbauer W. E. The
Dionysios Painter and the Corinthio-Attic Problem // Amer.
J. of archaeology. 1964. Vol. 68. 355370; Cook R. M. Greek
painted pottery. 2nd ed. London, 1972.
15
Beazley J. D., Payne H. G. G. Op. cit. P. 260.
16
Beazley J. D. Troilos cup. P. 93115; Beazley J. D. The
Development of Attic black-figure. Berkeley; London, 1951.
P.2125. Beazley. 1951; Beazley J. D. Attic black-figure
vase-painters. Oxford, 1956. 5161. Beazley. 1956.
17
Clara Rhodos: Studi e materiali pubblicati a cura dell
Istituto storico-archeologico di Rodi: 10 vols. 1936. Vol. 8.
P.7173.
,
.
18
Lo Porto F. G. Vasi attici a figure nere da una tomba
Tarantina // Bol. dArte. 1959. Vol. 44. P. 618.
19
Lo Porto F. G. Ceramica Arcaica della Necropoli de
Taranto // ASAtene. N. S. 195960. Vol. 21/22. P. 195218.
20
Brijder. 1983. P. 27.
21
Brijder. 1983. P. 28. ,
perhaps to the
beginning of the last quarter of the 6th century.
2000. 535530 . . .
-
, .
22
Greifenhagen A. Eine attische schwarzfigurige Vasengattung und die Darstellung des Komos im VI Jahrhundert.
Knigsberg, 1929. S. 1618.
23
Kraiker W. Eine Prothesis-Schale im Kerameikos //
AthMitt. 1934. Bd. 59.

126

24

Villard F. Lvolution des coupes attiques figures


noires // Rev. des etudes anciennes. 1946. Vol. 48. P. 153180.
Villard. 1946.
25
Brijder. 1983; Brijder H. A. G. Siana Cups II: the Heidelberg painter. Allard Pierson ser. Amsterdam, 1991. Vol. 8.
Brijder. 1991; Brijder H. A. G. Siana Cups III. The Redblack Painter, Griffin-bird Painter and Siana cups Resembling
Lip-cups, Allard Pierson ser. Amsterdam, 2000. Vol. 13.
Brijder. 2000.
26
. . .
, (Brijder.
1983. P. 33), :
and sometimes both modes of decoration are used on one
cup (p. 260).
27
Villard. 1946. P. 153180.
28
Ibid. P. 157159.
29
Beazley. 1951. P. 2125.
30

Painter of Boston C. A., Lydos, The
Civico Painter and remaining painters
.
31
1934 .,
(c. 100).
32
Beazley. 1956. P. 5161, 681682.
33
Beazley J. D. Paralipomena. Additions to Attic blackfigure vase-painters and to Attic red-figure vase-painters.
Oxford, 1971. P. 2326.
34
Brijder. 1983. P. 139141. 1991 . . 478479; . 483485
,
. 486487, :
Brijder. 2000. P. 666667.
35
Beazley. 1934. P. 100 the group is liker red-ground
Corinthian than most Attic work is.
36
1935 . . ,
,
Robertson M. An Attic black-figured cup
fragment // J. of Hellenic Studies. 1935. Vol. 55. P. 224, 227.
37
Brijder. 1983. P. 27, 109.
38
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The State Hermitage
Museum 3. P. 1315. Pl. 2, 1.
39
. .
// . . ., 1955. . 8.
. 3537. . 1955.
40
Brijder. 1983. P. 238. Cat. 25.
41
.: Brijder. 1983. P. 218 (). P. 113, fig. 31 ().
42
Ibid. Pl. 9c.
43
Ibid. Pl. 9b.
44
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 239c.
45
Brijder. 1983. P. 140.
46
Ibid. P. 124.
47
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The State Hermitage
Museum 3. P. 15. Pl. 2, 2.
48
. 1955. . 3537.

2011


49

Brijder. 1983. P. 242, no 77. Pl. 18g.


Ibid. P. 115.
51
Ibid. Pl. 11d.
52
Ibid. P. 114115.
53
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 2, 2 ( ).
54
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 12a.
55
Ibid. Pl. 17b.
56
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 2, 34 ( ).
57
Brijder. 1983. Fig. 3032.
58
Ibid. P. 114115.
59
Ibid. Pl. 15f, no. 58.
60
Ibid. Pl. 18h, no. 78.
61
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 2, 5 ( ).
62
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 14d.
63
The Athenian Agora. Vol. 23. Attic black-figured pottery / M. Moore, M. Philippides. New Jersey, 1986. Pl. 108, no.
1662i. C. 560 BC.
64
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 29e-f.
65
Brijder. 1991. Pl. 122af, 123a-b.
66
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The State Hermitage
Museum 8. P. 1516. Pl. 2, 3.
67
. 1955. . 3537.
68
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 15b.
69
Ibid. P. 134.
70
Ibid. P. 136.
71
Ibid. Pl. 14.
72
Ibid. Pl. 18.
73
Ibid. P. 121, fig. 34a.
74
Ibid. P. 115, 138139.
75
Ibid. Pl. 53.
76
Ibid. Pl. 53.
77
Ibid. Pl. 52d.
78
Ibid. Pl. 24.
79
Ibid. Pl. 25b.
80
Ibid. Pl. 15.
81
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 2, 1 ( ).
82
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 12a.
83
Ibid. Pl. 17d.
84
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The State Hermitage
Museum 3. P. 16. Pl. 2, 3.
85
. .
:
// . .
1981. 1. . 205.
86
Brijder. 2000. P. 718.
87
Brijder. 1983. P. 218.
88
Ibid. Fig. 32.
89
Ibid. P. 111.
90
Ibid. P. 127.
,
,
50

.: Shapiro H. A. Art and cult under the Tyrants in


Athens. Mainz am Rhein, 1989.
91
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 29e-f.
92
Ibid. Pl. 20h.
93
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The State Hermitage
Museum 3. P. 16. Pl. 2, 4.
94
. 1955. . 3537.
95
Brijder. 1983. P. 243244, no 92.
96
Ibid. P. 218.
97
Ibid. Fig. 32.
98
Ibid. Pl. 20b.
99
Ibid. Pl. 17d.
100
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The State Hermitage
Museum 3. P. 16. Pl. 3, 12; 4, 14.
101
. 1967. . 3536, . . 36.
102
. 1983. . 1719. . 1.
103
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Varsovie. Muse National 1, pls 34. 12, 35. 12.
104
Beazley. 1956. P. 61 no 9; Beazley. 1971. P. 26.
105
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 185a.
106
Ibid. Pl. 173a.
107
Ibid. Pl. 174f.
108
Ibid. Cat. 486.
109
Ibid. Pl. 175b.
110
Ibid. P. 578.
111
Ibid. P. 570.
112
.: Ibid. Fig. 117.
113
Ibid. P. 589590.
114
Bell E. E. The Attic black-figured vases at the Hearst
Monument. San Simeon; Berkeley: Univ. of California, 1977
(1979). P. 124127, 147149. Beazley. 1956. P. 51.
115
Brijder. 1983. P. 151168.
1991 . c. 480481, . 487,
2000 . . 667668.
116
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 8. P. 15. Pl. 2, 2.
117
Brijder. 1991, l. 162.
118
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 34.
119
Brijder. 1991. Pl. 159d.
120
Beazley. 1956. P. 51.
121
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Amsterdam 2. Pl. 68. 3.
122
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 243b.
123
Ibid. Pl. 243d.
124
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 2, 6 ( ).
125
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 36b. Cat. 143.
126
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 114d; Heidelberg Painter, 560550 BC.
127
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 2, 7 ( ).
128
.: Brijder. 1983. Pl. 31b-c, 37b-d; Corpus Vasorum
Antiquorum. Amsterdam 2. Pl. 74, 13.
129
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 59b-c.
130
Ibid. Pl. 58a-b.
131
Brijder. 1991. Pl. 116d-f.
132
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 248d.

127

. .
133

Brijder H. A. G. Simply decorated, black Siana cups by


the Taras Painter and Cassel Cups // Bul. Antieke Beschaving.
1993. Vol. 68. Pl. 6; Taras Painter. 565560 BC.
134
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 2, 8 ( ).
135
.: Brijder. 1983. Fig. 48a-d.
136
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 244e, Add, no. 39.
137
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 2, 9 ( ).
138
Brijder 1993, 134 and ff.
139
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 37c, no. 206.
140
Brijder. 1991. Pl. 163d.
141
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Athens NM 3. Pl. 1, 56;
Followers of the C Painter. P. 550 BC.
142
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 8. P. 15. Pl. 2, 1.
143
Brijder. 1991. Pl. 108.
144
Ibid. Pl. 113.
145
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 36g.
146
Ibid. Pl. 30b.
147
Ibid. Pl. 32c.
148
Ibid. P. 169181. 1991 .
. 481482. . . 487488;
2000 . . 669.
149
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 44a-b, 46f.
150
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 3, 1 ( ).
151
.: Lip-cup Altenburg 223 // Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Altenburg 1. Pl. 37, 2.
152
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 22e. Cat. 114.
153
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Kassel 1. Pl. 29, 5.
154
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 36a. Cat. 136.
155
Ibid. Pl. 36k. Cat. 181.
156
Ibid. Pl. 41e. Cat. 227.
157
Ibid. Pl. 46b. Cat. 233.
158
.: Ibid. Fig. 55a-d.
159
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 3, 2 ( ).
160
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 39d.
161
Ibid. Pl. 40b.
162
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 3, 34 ( ).
163
.: Taranto 4478 (Brijder. 1983. Pl. 87).
164
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 45.
165
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 201a; Griffin-bird Painter, 560550 BC.
166
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 3, 9 ( ).
167
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 45h.
168
Ibid. P. 184189. 1991.
. 482. . . 488;
2000 . . 671672.
169
Ibid. Pls. 48, 52a.
170
Ibid. P. 196204. 1991 .
. 483. . . 488.
171
Ibid. P. 207211.
172

(Burgon), -

128

XIX ., 1842 .
, .
173
Brijder. 1983. P. 191195.
174
. . 9599.
175
. 240.
176
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum. 10. Pl. 6, 1 ( ).
177
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 197a. Cat. 592; class of Taleides Siana
cups, 555545 BC.
178
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 49d.
179
Ibid. Pl. 50c.
180
Ibid. Pl. 56c.
181
Ibid. Pl. 55b.
182
Ibid. Pl. 7a, c.
183
Ibid. Pl. 37a, late period.
184
Brijder. 1991. Pl. 135a; 550540 BC.
185
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 6, 2 ( ).
186
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 54b, no. 268.
187
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 186, no. 543.
188
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. The State Hermitage
Museum 8. P. 1718. Pl. 4, 1.
189
. . 19621971 .
// :
. . ., 1982. . 40, . 3.
190
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. British museum. 2. Pl.10.
2b; C Painter (Beasley. 1956, 57 no 109).
191
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Leipzig. 2. Pl. 30. 5.
192
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. British museum. 2. Pl.10.
6a-b; Brijder. 1983. Pl. 58a-b.
193
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 37b.
194
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 188a.
195
Ibid. Pl. 256a-b.
196
Beazley. 1956. P. 57, no 112; Beazley. 1971. P. 23.
197
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 244.
198
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. British museum 2.
Pl.14.7.
199
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 266a.
200
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 8. P. 18. Pl. 4, 2.
201
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. British museum 2. Pl.
10. 6a-b; Brijder. 1983. Pl. 58a-b.
202
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 45h.
203
Ibid. Pl. 42c-d.
204
Ascona market (Brijder. 2000. Pl. 244, e; Taras Painter).
205
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 6, 3 ( ).
206
: Ibid. Pl. 6, 4 ( ).
207
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 55a-d, fig. 68b and 69a-b.
208
Ibid. Pl. 55c.
209
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 6, 56 ( ).
210
Basel H. A. Cahn coll. HC 1474 (Brijder. 2000. Pl. 182c).
211
Goettingen R 53a-c (Brijder. 2000. Pl. 183f).

2011


21

2 Braunschweig 518+Erlangen I 459, 2 (Brijder. 2000.


Pl.183c).
213
Athens 529 (Brijder. 2000. Pl. 184a-d).
214
Louvre CP 10245 (Brijder. 2000, 258d-e; 560550 BC).
215
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 6, 7 ( ).
216
Pulsano W. Guarini coll. 58 (Brijder. 1991. Pl. 152a-b).
217
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 6, 89 ( ).
218
Wrzburg L 449 (Brijder. 1983. Pl. 22e. Cat. 114; CPainter, late period).
219
Taranto 20130 (Brijder. 1983. Pl. 36a. Cat. 136).
220
London market, Christies (Brijder. 1983. Pl. 36k. Cat.181).
221
Munich 2121 (Brijder. 2000. Pl. 177d. Cat. 498; Red-black
Painter, early and middle period).
222
Wrzburg L 448 (Brijder. 2000. Pl. 201b. Cat. 612; Griffinbird Painter, early period.
223
Munich SL 462 // Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Mnchen 11. Pl. 7, 15.
224
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 8. P. 16. Pl. 2, 4.
225
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 207d.
226
Agora XXIII. Pl. 110 no 1648; Brijder. 2000. Pl. 198b, 199d.
227
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 199.
228
Brijder. 2000. P. 610.
229
Brijder. 2000. Pl. 258f.
230
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 3, 5 ( ).
231
St Louis, Washington Univ. 673 (Brijder. 1983. Pl. 15d).
232
Thasos 58. 13 (Brijder. 1983. Pl. 18e).
233
Cologne market, Faust (Brijder. 1983. Pl. 22c).

234

Brijder. 2000.
Pl. 2247a, Add. Cat. 17.
235
. Berlin, Charlottenburg
1753 (Brijder. 1983. Pl. 52c) Basel BS
428 (Brijder. 1983. Pl. 50c).
236
Brijder. 1983. Fig. 55b-d.
237
Brijder. 1983. Fig. 47b-d.
238
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Tschecoslovaquie 2.
Pl.33, 13.
239
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Kiel 1. Pl. 16; c. 550 BC.
240
.: Brijder. 1983. Pl. 15d Brijder. 1991. Pl. 116, b, d.
241
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 3, 6 ( ).
242
Syracuse 25418 (Brijder. 1983. Pl. 19b).
243
Grand Fost Philippe, priv. coll. (Brijder. 1983.
Pl.28a).
244
Heidelberg S 3 (Brijder. 1983. Pl. 45b).
245
Civico Painter (Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Tschecoslovaquie 2. Pl. 33, 13).
246
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Laon. Pl. 20, 5; C. 530BC.
247
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Thebes 1. Pl. 30, 14;
Sandal Painter. 560550 BC.
248
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Athens NM 3. Pl. 20, 13;
550540 BC.
249
: Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum.
The State Hermitage Museum 10. Pl. 3, 78 ( ).
250
Brijder. 1983. Pl. 19b, no. 83.
251
Ibid. Pl. 18a-c.
252
Agora XXIII. Pl. 108, no. 1660a; c. 560 BC.
253
.: Grand Fost Philippe, priv. coll. (Brijder. 1983.
Pl.29d . Pl. 28a ).

129

069.1
. .

-
. ,
.
, , .
: , , , ,

Elena V. Starinkova
To a question on methodology and terminology
of the description of applied art objects
The museology current state as science differs steadfast attention to problems of terminology and
methodology of the description of a museum subject. Correctly to name object, to designate technics and a
manner of its execution means to understand its material and sign function. The exact description of applied
art objects, including its decorative elements, is a necessary condition of the attribution and the registration of
museum monuments.
Keywords: decor, functions of decor, description of art objects, methodology, terminology


.
,
.
-
,
,
.

1974 1986 . 2001 .

. - .

() -
,
.


.
130

,
.
.

,
: ,
(terminus) , ,
1.
,

.
, ,
, .
,

,
.
.

, . -

2011


. ,
.

.

2 1985 . ,
,
.
-

.
,
.


, .


XX . -
3 1930- .

. 1940-. , .

4.
1970- . () ,

5.
,
, , , , ,
-
- ,
.
. . 6 ,
,
.

.
,
. , 7.

.. 8.

.
, ,
,
,


9.
- . 10


.
, , .
.
,

.
-

,
.
- ,
,

, -
, . , ,
.
,
,
.
131

. .


. - .

,

.


,
. ,
.

, -
.
,

. , , ,
.


.
.
.

, , .

,
,
(, , .).
,
, ,
, , ..
,

.
,
,
. 1978 .
(Gudelines for Museum Object Information).
132



(MDA).

(CIDOC):
(Data Model WG), (Data
and Terminology WG), (Ethno WG).
1996 . CIDOC ,
11.
.
, , .
, ,
,
. ,
,
,
, .
2004 . : ,
.
,
, ,

,
12.

. ,
,
.

;
,
13.
,
.

. ,
14.

2011


.
, ,

, 2011 .
.

, ,
,
. , .
,


.
.
, . ,
,

15.




.
,
.
,

,
. , ,
.
. ,
,
, .
,
, ,

.

(). 1980 . . ,

.

16.
, ,
,
-
.

(,
, , )
.
.
- 17.

, .
,
,

. ,
,
,
, :
, .

,
: , ,
, ,
.
, ..
, ,
,
,
. , , , .
, . . .
, . ,


, , :
, , , .
133

. .

:
( , );
(
, ,
,
);
(
, );
( , ,
);
( ,
,
);
( );
( );
() .
, ,


, , ,

, .

( ), . .
.

.

134


.


.

-
, .

. : XXI . //
. 2009. 5. . 2.
2
, . .,
1985. 108.
3
-
1932 .
( 1955),
( 1966), ( 1968). 1992 .
.
4
. . . ., 1954. . 118.
5
. ., 1972.
6
. . // . . 145199.
7
. . 193.
8
. .
// . . 235272.
9
. . 248.
10
. . 260262.
11
: :

. URL: http: // www. adit. ru (
01.09.2011).
12
. // : . . : -, 2004. . 31.
13
. . 47.
14
.
15
. . 34.
16
:
, , : . .:
-. 2003. 408 .
17
. . // . . 389391.

2011

80
. .
:
, ,
,
, , . ,
,
, ,
, , .
, ,
, , .
: , , , -

Valery P. Porshnev
Verbal collecting in the ancient world:
the profession, way of life, the literary genre
Sources both important for history of museums and for libraries form of activity as drawing up of catalogs are
traced in antiquity since the Homere, becoming the verbal collecting as version of ecphrasis descriptions of works
of art. However, the soures, which have reached us, allow to draw a conclusion that ecphrasis was only a version
more a wide range of employment of antique intellectuals, expanding to the extensive arches of descriptions of all
known monuments, unusual natural phenomena, representatives of an animal and flora, works of art, techniques
and craft achievements. At that the special form of the description of subjects springs up, when their real existence
had no value thus is born, and the author made to itself an invented visual number, designing a certain ideal museum on which the reader was drove.
Keywords: antiquity, collecting, ecphrasis, writers-antiquarians

, ,
, , catalogos
,
: ,
, , , .
canon, , ,

( , , ,

),
, ,
, , ,
,
,
.
,
, - (-

)

, , .
:
, ,
,
, , ,
,
.

,
,
.

. , , . catalogeus1,
,
135

. .
(
) .
catalogeion2,
,
.
, ,
- .
, ,
, ,
, , ,
, .


.
, . ,
, ,
,
, .
3 4.
. ,
:
, , ,
, .
( . )

. -, :
,
.
, ,
.
- , . -,

, , , , 136

. , -,
,
-. ,
(
).
, . .

.
, , ,
-
. ,
.
,
,
(Catalogos ton
neon)5.
, II
, .
,
,
,
, 6. .
.
, , , 7,
. (
)

,
(560
527 . ..).
,
,
, , . .,
, , ,
, , :
, , :
, , ;
, :
, ;
, ,
,
;
, , ,
, .
8.

2011



,
, ,
.

.
, . ,
,
.
, ; ( ) , , ,
.
, .

, ,
, .
. ,

- , ,
,
.
.
,
, , 9.
.
, , ,
, , ,
,
, , .
,
, ,
, .
, ,
C, 10.

, ,
. ,
, 11, 12,
13,
14. -



, . , ,
, , ,
, . ,
15,
,
.
, , , ,
,
. , , , - ,
,
.
, IX , ,
, ,
,
16. , ,
, ,
17.
, .
,
, :
;
, .
, ,
.
( IX, 747; . )18

-, , -,
.
(. . IX, 748; . )19

,
: .
(. . IX, 751; . )20


, ,
137

. .
- .
, ,
. ,
? , .
. ,

?
, ,
, . ,
, . ,
, .
.
,
, .
,
.

, , ,
.
,
() .

(Deipnosophistai) II IV, .


, ,
21.
, ,
(
).
, ,
, , , .

,
, ,
.
138


,

.
. ,
Historia naturalis
, : , , , ,
.

:
, . ,
,
( ,
,
). , ,
.
. , ,
. 22,
23, 24, 25,
26, ,
27, ,
, , 28, , -, ,
29, 30,
31 32, 33.
.
, ,
,
, . .,
.
,
,
. , , ,
(
), ,
,
, .
,
.

2011


.

, .
- III . . . ,
,

, ,
, ,
.
, ,
34. (II . . .).
, 35,
. ,
,
, .
, , .
36. ,
, ,
,
,

:
, ,
, :
,
,
, ,
.
,

( IX, 603. . )37

,
,
, , , :
, ,
; ,
,
;
.
, ,
;
.
( . )38


,
.
, . .,
, ,
, ,
, .
III ,
(Eicones)
(
Ecphraseis, ).
,

, , .
,
, , , ,
.
, ,
, .
,
, ,
.
, . .

:
, ,
, ; ,
; .
,
39.

c,
,

. ,
,
,
,
. . ,
,
:
139

. .
, !
, ,
. , , ,
:
, , , , .
, ,
, , ,
. , ,
,
40.

. ,
,
: ,
,
. , , , , ,
, ,
.
,
, , ;
, 42.

, , , ,
, :

,
:


;
, ,
;
; ,
, ,
41.

, , ,
. , -,
,
. ,
,

, ,
;
;
,
43.

.
:
, , , . ,
, .
-,
(IV .); ,
, , ,
,
, , ,
.
,

() :
, ,
,
,
; :
, .
, ;
;
, -

140


, , ,
. ,
,
,
,
.
,
. ,
,
, ,
, .
,

,
.
, (,
),

, -

2011


.

.

, .
,
. ,
- .

,

,
(, , , , , , ),
,
. . . :
;
,

, ; . ,
.

,
,
,
,
44.

,
V VI .,
.


. ,
,
,
.

Lys. XX, 13. . , XX,


13 // . . .: , 1994; Arist. Ath. pol., XLIX,
2. . . . XLIX, 2 //
/ .

. . . , . . . .: ,
1996. . 2786.
2
P. Oxy., 73, 34; 2134, 2 // The Oxyrhynchus papyri. Vol.
ILXXV / ed. with translations and notes by Bernard P.Grenfell
and Arthur S. // Oxyrhynchus Online. URL: http: // www.papyrology.ox.ac.uk/POxy ( 01.09.2011).
3
Anthologia Palatina, IX, 715 ( AP) // Epigrammatum Anthologia Palatina cum
Planudies et appendice nova epigrammatum veterum ex
libris et marmaribus doctorum annotatione apparatu critico
instr. F. Dbner, E. Cougny. Vol. 13. Parisiis: editore Ambrosio Firmin Didot institute Francisci typographo, 18361927;
, 17. // . .:
, 1993. . 11.
4
AP IX, 719. 631 ( , 88. )// . . 149.
5
Hom. Il. II, 484877 (. . . II, 484877) //
. . / . . . .
. . . . .: . ., 1967. (
. . 1; . 3).
6

. ,
: . . . : . . -,
1978; . . . .: . , 1998.
7
. . .
. XLIX.
8
Hom. Il., II, 484493 (. . . II, 484493)
. . . .
9
Tzetz. Schol. in Aristoph. Proleg. De comed., 20
Kaibel// Scholia Graeca in Aristophanem cum prolegomenis
grammaticorum varietate lectionis optimorum codicum
integra, ceterorum selecta, annotatione criticorum item
selecta cui sua quaedam inseruit F. Dbner. Hildesheim: Georg
Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1969. Nachdr. der Ausg. 1855.
10
Herod., VII, 6 (. . VII, 6) // .
/ . . . . .
.: , 1993. 560 . ( ).
. . . 1972 .
11
Schol. in Od. XI, 604 // Scholia Graeca in Homeri Odysseam ed. G. Dindorfeus. T. 2. Oxonii: e typographeo academico,
1855.
12
Herod., VII, 6 // . . VII, 6.
13
Paus. IX, 35, 5 (. . .IX,
35, 5) // . . . 12 / . . . . . . . .: , 1994.
. . . 19381940 . (
).
14
Paus. VIII, 31, 3 (. , .VIII,
31, 3).
15
Suid. s. v. Orpheus // Suidae Lexicon ed. A. Adler.
Vol.15. Stuttgart: in aedibus B. G. Teubneri, 19891994.
Nachdr. der Ausg.: Lipsiae, 19281938.
16
IX, 13; 747; 748. .: . . //
. . 1.

141

. .
. 83. URL: www. plato. spb.ru ( 01.09.2011).
17
VI, 43; IX, 13, 751, 826, 827; XVI, 13, 160, 161.
18
, 27. // .
. 45.
19
, 28. //
.
20
, 29. // . . 46.
21
Athen. V, 207f209a (. . . V,
207f209a) // . .
. 18 / . . . . . .: , 2003.
22
Athen. I, 26bII, 40f (. . . I,
26bII, 40f).
23
Athen. II, 49e71e (. . . II,
49e71e).
24
Athen. III, 104d108f (. . . III,
104d108f).
25
Athen. III, 109a116a (. . . III,
109a116a).
26
Athen. IV, 174a185a; XIV, 633f638d (.
. . IV, 174a185a; . XIV, 633f638d).
27
Athen. VI, 231b234c (. . . VI,
231b234c).
28
Athen. VII, 281fVIII, 362e (. .
.VII, 281fVIII, 362e).
29
Athen. IX, 384a408c (. . .IX,
384a408c).
30
Athen. XI, 782d784d; 466e503f (. . . XI, 782d784d; 466e503f).

142

31

Athen. XV, 669c680d (. . .XV,


669c680d).
32
Athen. XV, 686c692f (. . .XV,
686c 692f).
33
Athen. XV, 699d700e (. . .XV,
699d700e).
34
Athen. VII, 318d (. . . VII, 318d).
35
VII, 246 ( , 25. ) // . . 199.
36
AP IX, 720724.
37
, 62. //
. . 211.
38
. , I //
. .: . , 1968. . 265. (
. . 1; . 2).
39
Philostr. Imag., I, Praef., 4 (. . . I.
, 4) // . .
. / . ., .
. . . . : , 1996. .
. . 1936 .
40
Philostr. Imag., I, 28, 1 (. . . II, 28, 1).
41
Philostr. Imag., I, 6, 3 (. . . I, 6, 3).
42
Callistr. Ecphras. VII, 12 (. .
. VII, 12).
43
Callistr. Ecphras. XII, 1; 3 (. .
. XII, 1; 3).
44
. . . . .: , 2001. . 518.

2011

82.111(091)17
. .
. , -
,
. . , , .
. , , . , . ,
.
: , , , , ,
, ,

Andrey S. Mukhin
Robinson Crusoe. Adventure sailor from York, or the novel-museum
In the Enlightenment there is a museum as a social institution, due to the birth of a special paradigm of the
Age of Reason. Views at the world and man acquire the specific character because of geographic and scientific
discoveries. The world becomes a laboratory, workshop, book and museum. Reflection of the museums type of
consciousness can be found in the novel D. Defoe Robinson Crusoe, which shows the stratification of subjects,
the hierarchy of meanings of various phenomena. The author compares the two heroes Robinson by English
writer and Robinson by French writer today, Michel Tournier. Like a museum, art space in the novels is set pattern of
existence of the Universe.
Keywords: Robinson Crusoe, island, museum, the museum objects, geographical discoveries, the history of
travel, Daniel Defoe, Michel Tournier


,
,

-1. .

, ,
. :
, ,
, ,
,
.
,
,
.
,
, .
, ,
,
.

2. , , :
, ,
, ,
.
, ,
, ,
, ,
,
, , .
, ,
, , ,
.
,
, , ,

.

,
143

. .
.
.
,
,
,
, . .
,
,
. , ,
, -.
, ,
,
.

,
.


.
, , , ,
.
,
,
.
, , ,
, .
,
, ,

.
, .
, .


, ,
, ,
, ,
.


,
,
. ,
,
.
, .

. ,
,

144

, .
, . ,
,
, ..
,
,
, ,
3. ,
,
, ,
, ,
, .
, ,
,
, , , , ,
.

, .


.
,

,
. .
, ,
, .
5070
, ,
.
, ,

.
,
, ,
. ,
,
.
,
, .
, ,
, .

,
. .

2011

. , -
, ,
.
,
, ,
. ,
, , ,

, .

. ,
, , .
, ,
.
,

,
; ,
, .
, ,
,
, ,
, ,
, . , , ,
. ,
, ,
,
,
, , .


.
, ,

, , . ,
. ,
, , .

, , ,
, ,
.
, ,
, .
,
. -

, ,
, ,
.
,
, , . ,
,
,
. , -, .

;
,
, .
,
,
, .
.
, :
, ,
, .
, , , , ,
. ,
,
, , , , ,
. ,
13 1492 .
-,
4. ,
, , ( )
.
, , . , , , , .

.

,

.

, ,
.
, ,
.
,
. ,
145

. .
, .
,
:
, , ,
,
5.
, , , ,

, , .
, ,
,
, ,

, ,
. ,

, :
, ,
. ,
6.
. , , ,
,
,
,
.

, ,
XVXVII . ,
,
.
, ,

.
,
. .
,
,
, ,
. .
XX
, , 146

, , .
, ,
- ,

.
,
, ,
, .
,
, .
, ,
,
. , ,
,
,
.
(: ) ,

, , .


7 ,
, , .
,
, ,

,
8. .
, ,
:
, .
9, , ,
,
,
,
.
: , ,
, , ,
,
. ,
-

2011

. , -
.
, . .
XVII . (XVIII .
),
,
. ,
30 1759 .10,
,
, , ,
,
XVIII
.
, , , , . .

: , , , , ,
.

. , ,
11,
,
-, . ,
,
.

,

, , ,
, ,
, ,

.

, .
, , . ,
, -, , , ,

, .
,
, ,
. , , . .
,
.

, ,

,
,
. ,
, ,
.
,
,
, ,

.

, , ,
, -, .
,
.
,
, ,
, .

. , , ,
, , , . -,
. , .

.
12, 13.
.

, , ,
, ,
, , , . . .
,
. , ,
: ,
. , .
,

. - . ,
, ,
: ,
, . ,
,
, , . .
,

.-. . ,
,
.
.
.
147

. .
, ,
.

.
, ,
. , ,
,
. ( , ),
, (
)14. .
,
: , , ,
.
.
, , ,
,
15.
,
. ,
,
, ,
.
,
.
.
1014 ,
. XVIXVIII .,
, , .

. , ,

,
.
, , .

16,

.

. ,
, - 4060 (!)
17. ,
74111 .
,
. ,
148


- .
,
.
, , -,
. ,

.

,
, - . ,
,
, ,
. ,
,
18. ,
, ,
19. , 20 (
), 21
22. , ,
, ,
.
, , .

, ,
23,
. ,
. , , . ,
( )

. ,
, ,
, ,
, .
, ,
. , , ,
, ,
, . ,
, , , ,
, ,
. ,
24,

2011

. , -
,
.
,
, ,
, , .
,
-25.
-,
. , ,
, ,
. . ,
,
. , , , ,
, ,
, 26.

-, ,
.
,
. , ,
, , ,
,
, ,
, . ,
, , ,

, , ,
.
, , ,
,
,
, .
,
27, 28, 29, 30, 31. ,
, ,
- .
.
, ,
,
. ,
,
.
.
, ,
, , , , ,
, -

.
, , ;
.
-

. ,
,
. 32.
,
, .

,
,
.
33,
, ,
, ,
, .
,
(
), , .
, ,
. ,
,
,
,
.
,
, , . .
, .

34.
.
, ,
. ,
,
,
,
.
,

. ,
35. ,
, , , ,
,
, ,
, .
: , ,
149

. .
, 36.
, ,
,
. ,
-37,
. ( :
magazine, , ) .
, , ,

38. ,
,
: , .

, ,
, .
,
,
, .
, , .

, , . .
,
, . .
39. -
: ,
, ,
,
, 40.
, . . ,
,
, .
,
41.
, , ,
, , ,
-
. , .

, . . .
,
:
, .
,
,
.
150

,
.
,
? , ?
,

. ,

, ,
,
, . , ,
, ,
,
, ,
. ,
, - , ,
,
, ,
.
; , ,
,
.
, ,
, -
, ,
, . . ,
.
,
, ,
, ,
, , ,
,
.

, -
,
. ,
, , , ,
, ,
, ,
, , - .

, ,
, ,
,
. , ,
, ,
42. ,
, ,

2011

. , -
, ,

,
.
, ,
, - .
,
. .
, ,
,
43.
,
, , ,
44, .
,
,
-,
45.
,
, ,
.
,
-, ,
.
,
, , ,
, . ,
, , .
. ,
,


. -,
, ,
,
, ,
, ,
, .
, , , ,
, , ,
, . . ,
.
. , ,
,
, -

? ,
, ,
,
-.


.
,


. (
, , 46)

, XXI . 47,

.
,
,
.
, ,
.
: , ,
, ,
,
,
, , .
, ,
, . ?
, ,
,
, ,
? ,
, .
,
, ,

,
.

. . . .: -,
1993. . 32.
2
. 8: 45.
3

.: . . : /
. . . . .: - , 1993. . 31.
4
,

151

. .
,
.
- ( ,
). URL: http: // ru.
wikipedia. org ( 20. 02. 2008).
5
. : . / . . . . , . . . .: ,
1990. . 101102.
6
. ., .
/ . . . //
XVIIXVIII . .: . ., 1991.
.105.
7
1115, (XXXVII . . ., XIIXIII .; .,
).
8
/ . . ., . . , . . . .: , 1971.
. 38. .:
/ . . //
. .: . ., 1973. . 3338.
9
. . :
. .: , 1973. . 21.
10
100
..
11
. , / .
. . . .: , 1992. . 135.
12
. . 121.
13
. . 188.
14
. / . . . // . . ,
: . .: , 2007. . 94.
15
.: .
. . . 121125.
16
. . / . . . .
.: . ., 1972.
17
. . . . 137.
18
1661
1668 . ( . . Versailles:
Editions Art Lys, 2006. . 14).
19
. . . . 134.
20
. . 128129.
21
,
,
( . . . .
. 12).
22
XVII . ,
.
. .: . / .
.., . . , . . . .: .
., 1972. . 1011.
23
,

, . . . . . .: . .
. .: . , 2003. . 206207; . .

152

. .: , 2001. . 7275.
24
, (
. . , .
-.
. URL: http: // www. knigoboz. ru . (
22. 03. 2008).
25
. . . . 141.
26
. . 143.
27
. . . . 98.
28
. . 149.
29
. . 151.
30
. . 161.
31
. . 148. , .
( .
. . . . 49).
32
. . . . 145.
33
, ,
.
34
., . .: 50 . 2- . .: , 1960. . 23. . 87.
35
. . . . 90.
36
. . 84.
37
. . 9899.
38
. . :
(. ) // ? .:
, 2005. . 41.
39
., . . . . 93.

:
,
, ,
,
, ,
( . . . . 156).
40
. . 86.
41
. . 219.

( . . . . 183).
42
. . . . 166.
43
(1667),
(1671). . ., . .
. .: . ., 1985. . 92.
44
.: . . ,
// ? .: , 2005.
.112123.
45
1649
1660., 1660 . . .
/ .
. .., . . . : ,
2002. . 263, 273.
46
. // .
.: 8 . .: , 1963. . 2. . 129.
47
: [] / . . , . , . ; . . ;
. . . . DVD. , [2007].

2011

History

378(091)(470.23-25)
. .

1
1983 . , , 1819 . -
. . .
.. 1724 . . , .
: - , , , , . .

Grigory A. Tishkin
Some results of research on the history
of the university education in St. Petersburg
Since 1983, there has been a debate among scholars about the founding of the first Russian university. The
debate began with a publication in the weekly newspaper Leningrad University. That publication called the
date of 1819 as the founding of the St. Petersburg University into question. The authors Jury D. Margolis and
GrigoryA.Tishkin reconsidered the founding date and showed that the true date of the first Russian university is
1724. The article summarizes the results of their historical study of university education in St. Petersburg and lists
the names of those who support their findings.
Keywords: St. Petersburg State University, university of the Academy of sciences, university education, history
of universities, Jury D. Margolis

25


?,
2.
, .
,

XVIIIXIX .


,
. . , ,

XIX .
,

XVIII .
,

,
.


154

XVIII . ,
1960- . . .

XVIII .3.
, , ,
. . , ..,
.., . . , . . , .. .?

4.
, . .,
XVIII . 1819 ., 5.
1747 .
, , .
.
1755 .
XVIII .,
1747 .

,
XIX . , ,
.

2011


,
, .
,
, , , ,
. ,

6.
XXII
1318 .,
, . . 1209 .
1163 .,

1279 . ,
1364 . .

-
, . .
, ,
:
,
. , ,
- ? , , , ,
.
- , , . ,
,

,
.. ,
,
.
-- - , , XVII . ,

. . .
,
- , , ,
XVII ., -

-
7.
.

,
, 30- . XVII ., : ,
,
, . -
,
- (1788),
- , :
, .
I
, .
,
8.
I ,
. ,
,
, , , ,
, , ,
.
, ,
.
,
.
, - , . ,
,
.
, .
, ?
,
, ,
,

, ,
, ,
.
, , , ? , ,
, , .
.
,

. ,
, , .
.
.
.
.
155

. .
, - ?
.
. .

. . .
? : , ,
, . . ,
, ,
, ,

.
. ,
,
, . . .
,
. , ,
, 9.
, ,
,
.

.


. . ,
.
, ,
, , .
,
,
.
,
, -, : . . ,
.., . , . . , . . , . , . . .
, , .., . . , . . ,
. 1983 .
,
,
.
,
, . . .
,
.
. 1983 .
156

. . . . , .

10 , , ,
.

, 1724.,
..: . . (.; .,
1962)
(., 1972). ,
, ..,
, , 1980- ., ,
.
, . .,
- XVIII .,

. ,
, ,
,
,
. . ,

, .
, . .

.

,
,
. . .
,
11,
.
1990- . XVIII .
- .
. .
.
275-
.
(1998. 5) ,
, XVIII .
, , , ,
,

2011


, , , ..,
, 12. -
,

1765 .
()
(College of the Holy Cross).
,
, 1990 .
History of universities13.
,
, . . ,
. . XVIII . ,
25 1765 .
,
14.
-, , . . ,
, ,
, .
-, :
..? .
..? ,
, ,
. ,
- , . . ,
, ,
XVIII .:
(. . 1794 . . .)
.
15. , 1765
1794 ,
. XVIII .16.
, , . ,
XVIII .
, ,
. ., . , .
,
, .
XVIIIXIX .

, . .
, .
. . , . ,
,
XVIII .,
. . . (J. L. Black17), . (G.Marker18)
, , , .
.. . .
, ,
19,
.
, ,

XVIII XIX . . .
. . . XIX . , . . . ,
. . ,
.. , . . -,
.. .
1724 . , .

A History of the university in Europe. Universities in
early Modern Europe (15001800)20.
,
, , 2007 .
. , 30 . . , ,
, 21.
, -
. . ,

.
, , ,

,
1819 . ,
1724 .

, 157

. .
. . .
: : ?.

, ,
. . , .., . . . -, ,
, , ,

.
-, ,

. .
,
22 .
,
,
,
, . . .
, 28 1724 .23 ,
. .
,
.
,
1819 .,
..24.

1724
1989.25, ,
XVIII . .
.. ,
, .
1579 .
, . 1773.

. 1803 .
.
1832. ,
-
. 1842 . -
,

. 1919 .
. ,
158

,
, , : 1579 .26
1783 .
, . . ,
27.
,

, .. , . . , . . .
,
.
,
, ,
,
.
,
,
1804 .

, 1819 . 28.
,
, , , , . ,
,
. ,
.
XVIII .
. ,
,
.

1724 .
, ,
275-
29.
- ,

-
. XVIII .,

, -
(. 3: - ) 17261805 .30
,
XVIII .
. -

2011


. . . ,
,
,
.
, ,
. . ,
31.

1
. . ,

. ,
.
...
2
. ., . . ? // . -. 1983. 18 . . 67.
3
. . XVIII . .,
19611971. . 13.
4
. ., 1965. . 2. . 22.
5
. . - // . . 1998. 5.
. 6272.
6
., ., . . (- . , 1988. . 7071)
(. i. . 1990. 9. . 147148).
7
. . . . . 65.
8
. . 6667.
9
. . ?// . 1966. 12. . 176198.
10
. ., . . // . -. 1983. 27 .
11
. ., . . ,
: .
XVIII XIX . ., 1988; . .,
. . : .
XVIII
XIX . ., 2000.
12
. . . . . 6272; . . -: (. .)//
. . 1998. 5. . 7376.
13
Flynn J. T. [.] // History of universities. 1990. Vol. 9.
P. 279281.
14
. . XVIII
. ., 1885. . 61.
15
.
16
-
XVIII .: . . / . . . ,
. . , . . ; . . . . .:
- .-. -, 2001. 244 .
17
Black J. L. G.-F. Mller and the Imperial Russian Academy. Kingston, 1986.

18

Marker G. Publishing, printing, and the origins of


intellectual life in Russia, 17001800. Princeton (N. J.), 1985.
19
Flynn J. T. Op. cit. P. 281.
20
A History of the university in Europe / ed. H. de RidderSymoens. Cambridge, 1996. Vol. 2: Universities in early Modern
Europe (15001800). P. 48, 89, 94.
21
Meyer K. Leningradiana // Jahrbcher fr Geschichte
Osteuropas. 1985. Bd. 33. S. 128133; Meyer K. Wie alt ist die
Universitt Leningrad // Osteuropa: Zeitschr. fr Gegenwartsfragen des Ostens. Stuttgart, 1990. Sonder-druck. S. 963965;
Meyer K. 275 Jahre Sttliche Universitt St. Petersburg // St.Petersburg Leningrad St. Petersburg. Eine Stadt im Spiegel
der Zeit / hrsg. von Stefan Creuzberger u. a. Stuttgart, 2000.
S. 257264; Meyer K. Die Universittsgeschichte Petersburgs
im Streit // Jahrb. fr Universittsgeschichte. 2002. Bd. 5.
S.255257; .
22
. .
XVIII XX .: , //
: . ., . 65- .
. . / . . . . ; . . . .
., 2008. . 164.
23
. . :
. ., 2001. . 8.
. . :
XVIII
XIX . (., 2000): . .
- : [.] // . , 2002. .20.
.233236.
24
. . // .
-. 1983. 27 . . 6; . :
. . / . // .-. -.
1998. 8 (31 ); . Vivat Academia! // . 1998.
10. . 211215.
25
. ., . .
17241989 . //
. ., 1989. . 6.
.232245.
26
. . Vivat Academia! . 211215.
27
. ., . . : ( ). ., 1986.
28
. . . ., 2002. . 1. . 114.
29

1379 1 1997 ., - . . ,
20 . 30 ,

275- .
30
-
. XVIII .: . . / . . . ,
. . , . . ; . . . . .,
2001.
31
. . // . . . .,
1885. . 1. . 360.

159

94(47)17
. .

(. . )
XVIII ., , .
: , , , , ,

Natalia A. Lebedeva
Educational activities of the Moscow metropolitan
Platon (P. E. Levshin) in the era of Russian education
The article is devoted to the analysis of educational activity of the leading Orthodox cleric of the XVIII century,
Moscow metropolitan Platon, and his contribution to the development of spiritual culture.
Key words: spiritual life, Public education, moral upbringing, education, Russian Orthodox Church,
secularization

XVIII .
.
,

. . . ,

1,
.
1721 .
,
.
, - ,
- -,
.
. . ,
,
2.

,
, , ,


- .
,
160

,
.

,
,
.
, ,
, , ,

- ,
.
, ,
,
,
.

. . ,


3. ,

,
- .
, XVIII . ,
,
,
4.

2011

(. . )
,
.

( ,
17371812 .). . ,
, , -- .

-.
:
, , .
, ,
. ,
,
, ,
.
,

.
1757 .
, ,

.

, .

,

. 1758 .


, - ,

.
, , ,
, 5.
. 1763.

,
; 1770 . (-

) , 1787 . . 1775 .

, ()
-- .
() -
.
, ,


.
1765 .
,
. ,
, .
, , , , ,
. ,
50 ,
.
, .
,
,
6. , ,
, ,
, ,
.
- ,
(), (), . ,
(), (), (),
(), (), . ().
. . , -
, -, -
-
- ,
, - ,
161

. .
7. - ,
8.

,
.
. ,
. , . , . , . ,
. .
()
,
() . 9.
,
,
.

. . .
, ,
. . ,
10.
()
.
--
, . , ,
11.
. ,
, , , , . ,
,
. .
, , .

.
. , . .
.
.
, ,
. 162

,
. ,
.

, ,
, .

.

. , ,
,
, . .
.
1812 . ,
1814 . ,
.
II
.
. 1775 .
5000 , II 12 000
12, I . ,

,

.
1600 ( XVIII. 200 600
13, 100
).


.
, ,
. . . ,
(), (-), -
().
,
. 1789.
4000 , , ,

2011

(. . )
, 14. 30
.
( ..-, . . -).
,

,
,
,
. .

:
. 1769 .
, ,

.
.
. ,
. ,
. , , ,

.
.
() ,
. ()

,
(-) (). ,
: 1778 .,
(), (),
1788.
. ()
,
- , -


.
, , ,
, . . ,
,
, . .
,
15.

-, , ;

. ,
, (, 1793 .
146 ).
: ,
, ,
16.
1797 .
2000 . ,
(17591761 .), . ,

. . ,
11 (17651776 .)
. , , ,
, ,
;
() (17751783)
(18001802). 1802 .

,
, 1 , 2 .
:
:
,
17.

, (
8 ). , ,
, 163

. .
.
,
,
.

18.

,
.
,
, ,
, , . ,
, , , . ()

, .

, , ,
19, ,

.
, 1782 . ,
.
,

.
1787 . (, - ),
, ,
. ,
. , 1786 .
II . .

, ,
.
, 1799 .
, ( 1799.

). ,
17861787 . . 1786 . II

, . . ,

164


. ,

(). 1786 . ,

, ,
. . . 1786 .
:
: ,
. ,
20.
, ,
. . , 21.

, , .
1787 . ,
.
15 , ,

.
1775 .
,
,
. . ,
. ,
,
, ,
.
.
I.
,
;
, , .
, ,

XVIII . - (XIX .).
,

2011

(. . )
,
; ;


. 40
II , . ,
110
,
.
, , , . , ,

,
,
. ,

, [],
,
22.
. 1724 . I,
100 23. ,
,
. ,

: ,
, ,
24.
( 1770 .)
: , , ,
. ,
,
800 2000
,
,
,
.

, . ,
, , -

.
,
, , . ,
, .
.
II, I,
I, . ., . . ,
. . , . . .
,
.
XVIII XIX . ,
1812 .


,
,
:
. (1765)
. (1765). XVIII .

. , , ,
, . , , , ,
.

, ,
, ,

,
, 25.
. XVIII . . ,
,
,
.

. , 165

. .
,
, .
, .

II : . , .
, , 26.

(.. , . . , . . ,
. . ), - XVIII .

. ,

,
. ,
, . ,
, , , .
,
,
. ,
, ,
. ,
. , , .
, , ,
.

, , ;
,
; ; , ,
. ,
, .
. ,
, ,
,
. ,
?
, ;
, ,
27.
,
, ,
.
166

-,
; -, , .
, , .
,
, . ,
,
, , .

.
. -
: , , , , , , ,
, , :
. ? ,
,
. ,
28.
. , ,
, , ,
,
29. ,
.
,
,
.
. ,
, . , ,
, , , , ,
, 30. , , , , .
-
, , : ?
?31.

.
, . , ,

2011

(. . )
, . . : ,
; , , , ; ,
,
. ,
; , ,
, 32.
,
. XVIII .
, (
) (
16 ? 1805 .).
,
:
, ;
, (
() 7
1808 .).
,
, . XVIII . , , ,
,
.
.
, , , ,
, ,
: , ; ,
;
:
33.
1809 .
, :
31 grad., 34 grad. ,
!34.
.
: ,
,
35. 1804 .

,

;

36.
,
, , .
, ,
,
,
, , ,
;

37.
, ,
, .
.

,
.
, .
,
, ,
, .
, , ,
.
, ,
38,
,
39.

. .
//
XVIII XIX . ., 1996. . 40, 51.
2
. . . .,
2000. . 312.
3
. . // : . . . ., 2007.
. 18. . 49.
4
. .
XVIII . ., 1896. . 17.
5
, (). // , . ., 1996.
. 22.
6

1913 .
17791806 . .
7
. .

167

. .
// : .
. . . , ,
2830 . 2000 . ., 2001. . 169.
8
. . - XVIII
XIX . // . ., 2000. . 499.
9
, . : 6 . , 1840. . 6. . 33, 7071, 7475.
10
.: . . . ., 1992; .
. ., 2002.
11
. . - . ., 1842.
.82.
12
, , , , II.
, 1762 1783 .
45 . 17 .
13
. . --
. ., 1855. . 261266.
14
, .

, // . . .:
2 . ., 1913. . 2. . 682684.
15
. .
: 2 . ., 1856. . 1. . 22.
16
. : . . . . . 389.
17
. : . .
. ., 1867. . 308.
18
. . --
. . 332333, 335.
19
1764 . II
,


, , ,
, , ,
,
. . :
- // .
. 1869. . 15691650.
20
, ().

168

// ,
. ., 1996. . 7981.
21
. . // .: 3 . ., 1898. . 3,
. 1. . 158159.
22
. 1781.
.68 // . .
. /,
1905. . 189.
23
. .
. . 1. . 46.
24
. . . .,
1913. . 30.
25
. : . XVII . . , 1879.
. 85.
26
. . . .58.
27
, . //
. . .: 2 . ., 1913. . 1. . 171175.
28
, . // .: 20 .
., 1786. . 12. . 175.
29
, . // . . .: 2 . ., 1913. . 1. . 175180.
30
. . 178.
31
, . // .: 20 .
., 1780. . 5. . 207208.
32
, . //
. . .: 2 . ., 1913. . 1. . 174.
33
, . // .: 20 .
., 1780. . 5. . 204205.
34
, ().
, . ., 1996. . 109.
35
, .
// . . .: 2 . ., 1913. . 1. . 318.
36
,
,
1804 . // . . 2. . 327.
37
, . // .: 20 .
., 1792. . 14. . 500.
38
. . 13. . 105.
39
. . 12. . 198.

2011

94(47)0
. .


.
.. XVIII . .
. ( XI .)
-.
: , , , , ,
, ,

Nikolay I. Petrov
On the Christian name of the kievan prince Askold
Naming of the kievan prince Askold as Nicholas after the Holy Baptism is considered as quite convincing
supposition very often. But the historiographical analysis demonstrates that this conjecture was formulated firstly
by Vasiliy Tatishchev in the 18th century and its only reason was dedication of the church at the Askolds grave to
St. Nicholas the Wonderworker. But the most probable date of the primary building of this church (the late 11th
century) forces us to reject this argument for the hypothesis about Askold-Nicholas.
Keywords: Christianity, Medieval Rus, Kiev, Tale of the Bygone Years, Ioakims Chronicle, prince Askold,
St.Nicholas the Wonderworker, church of St. Nicholas at the Askolds grave




(
860 .)
. .
- .
.
-

.
,
, , (,
),

II. :
()
()
.
,
,
,
1.
()2.
. -
II . . 3.

?
,
,
,
( )
882 .:
, , ,
,
; ; .
4.
. . ,
XVII . :

,
, , .
,
. . ,
, (. , . . .) ,
. .
, .., ,
, , , (. ..)
169

. .
5.
, . . : ,
; , ,
, ,
.

: (. . .)
,
.
,
6.
- .
XVI . .
7 , ,
..8, . . ,
, . ,
. . , ,
9. . . ,
. . -
XVII .
- - ,
10.
,
;

, . 11.
XVIII .
. .
, :
,

12.
():
, ,
, , ;
, ,
;
13. . .

.
(
1770 .) . . : , , , , ,
. , , , , ; ,
,
170

.
, ,
, ,
, ,
;
, ,
. , ,
, ,
? ( . . .)
, ,
, ,
, ,

14.
, . .
, ,
,
15. . .



,
983 .16
. . . . ,
:
, ,
: .

, 17. ,
,
. . ,

18. . .

()19.
1840- . - :

, 20
(), ,
,
. ,
, , ,

, 21. . . ,

2011


(
,
)
,
, . ,
. . ,
:

22.

,
-.
(). ,
, , .

. , , . .,
?23. , . .
882 . -
. ,
,
( )
,

, .
,
; , , , ,
24.
XIX . . .
-
. XVIII
XIX . .
, ,
, 25. -
. . ,
1840 .26 1842 .
:

, ,
. , ,
27. ,
,
. . , 1844 .28

29. , -


. . 30 . . 31. XIX.
,

. . . . 32.
XX
( ) . . . , . ,
. . XI ., ,
,
, 33. -
. . 34, . . 35
36. . .
37. ,

:
, , , ,
. , . .
-
,
38. . .
!
,
,
,
, ( .
. .) 39.
, -
. . . ,

, , 40.
,

..,
-
, , XVII .41.

,

42.

. . ,
, 171

. .
. ,
- -,
XIXII .43 ,


()44 ..45.
***
,
. 1674.
: ,
, , 46.
.. , ,
,
, , ,
: . , ,
,
47. . . ,
.
48.
. . :

. ,
.
,
-
,
.49.
:
,
50. XVIXVIII .,
.


1674 . . .51
()52.
()53. . . :
, ,

,
, ;
172


,

. ,

,
54.
,

,
55.


,
. , 988 .,
.
. .
, ,
: , 969 . ,
,
. .
.
I,
, 56.
. . ,
, ,
( . . .) ,
.
(. . - XI
XII .). , ,
. , ,
,
, ,
- , ,
, ,
- -57.

. . ,

, . ,
,

XVII . ( , ,
).

. .
58
. 1975 . ,

2011


, ,
,
980 . ,
,

971972 .59 ,
.. ,
,
60. . . ,

XIII .61
. . , , IX . , . . - (!)
, , , IX .62
,
IX .
, .
, ,

-
i i i , i i.


, XI .
. . ,

1039 .
( ,
, ;
) ,
. . ,

1090- .,
63.

882 .
,
XI .? , ,

64. ,

,
-. ,
65,
66 (

()() ()() ), .
,
,
: ()
()() .

()()67.


:
68.
. . ,
, ,
, 69.
, XI .

. , ,

,
IXX .,
. ,

70. , ,
( 4 20
30 (!) 1 ).
( )

71. (


XIX .72)


.73
, , ,
(
),

. ,
,
, .
XI . , , ,
, -
.


173

. .
.
, ,
.
. .

, . ,
, (
) . , . . ,
, :
, ()
.
,
, ,

.



. 74 75
,

1090- . .
. ,
XI .
,

76.
1080- 1090- .
.
. 1090- .
. - 1087 . ,

.
,

. , ,
,
, ,
1095 .77 ,
.

,
- .
174

, 1090-.

,
.
.
,
- , , XI.
, .
,
.
,
78. ,


XVII ., -
:
,
79.

1
, . //
. 2005. 24 (604), . ., 2005. . 6. URL: http: //
www. zavtra. ru ( 01.09.2011).
2
(), . // . . ., 2010. 1 . URL:
http: // www. rv. ru ( 01.09.2011).
3
. :
. ., . 1150- .
. , 2010. . 105.
4
. : //
: XIXII . ., 1983. . 33. .: // . . . . ., 1997. . 1. . 23.
5
. . . .; ., 1962. . 1,
. 1. . 106, 110, 117.
6
. . . 2- . .; .,
1963. . 2, . 2. . 208, . 63 . 2; 300.
7
Stryjkowski M. Kronica polska, litewska, mdska i
wszystkij Rusi. Wyd. nowe. Warszawa, 1846. T. 1. P. 115116.
8
. . -
: . ., 1966.
. 711.
9
. //
: . . 1811 . ., 1811. 5, , . 1. . 359.
10
. i i i // . : . i.-i. .
2000. 5 (335), . . 156.
11
. . - //
: . 1995.
., 1997. . 175, 220.
12
. .

2011



1054 . // . . . .; .,
1952. . 6: , - , 17471765 . . 215.
13
, . .
. ., 1805. . 1. . 14.
14
- . ., 1793.
. 197198. .: . .
. ., 1901. . 1:
. . 282283.
15
. . . . 1. . 106.
16
,
1220- . . ,
, , (-
// . ., 1997.
. 4: XII . . 360361, 655, ). ,
, , ,
- , XI .
17
. . .
., 1989. . 1. . 248, . 295.
18
. ,
, . ., 1820. . 4647, 136137.
19
-
. , 1825. . 3.
20

,
.
21
(),
. . ., 1994. . 1:

.
. 204205.
22
. . 207, 307, . 480.
23
: . . . ., 1848.
. 1011, . 21.
24
. . 2- .,
. . ., 1901. . 1: ,
, 1- . . 38.
25

. , 1791. . 2:
. . 23. . 2;
. 2- ., 1-
., .
, 1795. . 2: .
. 23. . 2;
. , 1817. . 276277.
26
. . // .
. , 1877. . 2: : .-., . .
. 92.
27
, ,
. , 1842. . 3940.

28

. ; .,
1844. . 127128.
29
., :
,
, ,
. , 1850. . 8485; .
. , 1852. . 131, 190; .
. : , . , 1865. . 41;
.. , . ., 1896. . 81;
. . -
. , 1897. . 67;
- . , 1902. . 15;
., . - . .
, 1910. . 125.

1866 . (,
1894 . ,
860 .,
,

866 .)
1866 . :
. . XIX . // . .
. ., 2011. . 11 ( ).
30
.
,
.
, 1847. . 78.
31
. :
. ., 1868. . 1. . 191198.
32
. ., . .
. ., 1891. . 2: . .296. ,
,
. . <>
( . ., 1911. . 2:
. . 62).
33
. . .,
2009. . 1. . 5051. . : . . :
. . . ., 1963. . 172.
34
. . . 2- . ., 2008. . 296.
35
. . . 5: //
: 3 ., 4 . , 1982. . 1:
. . 147.
36
., . . ., 1987.
. 67.
37
. .
. , 1989. . 100.
38
. . 67, 9192.
39
. . . . 1. . 106.
40
(), . // -

175

. .
. ., 2002. . 5: . . 352. .:
. . . 4143, 7172.
41
. .
// . . . .; .,
1962. . 1. . 52.
42
. . // . .
.; ., 1947. 21. . 256257.
43
. . IX
XII.: . 2- . ., 1998. . 116.
44
(), . // .
. . . 2008. 9. . 249.
45
. . . 85.
46
:
(1674) / . . . . , . .
. ., 2006. . 71, 79.
47
. . . . 1. . 110, 117,
. 32.
48
. . 2. . 220, . 118 . 3.
49
. . . 357358.
50
.
( 969 .). . ., 1878. . 138, 141 (. 7), 144;
// . . . . .,
2003. . 40. . 29.
51
. . .
. 1. . 248, . 295.
52
,
(). . . 1. . 220221.
53
- . . 5.
54
. . . . 92,
. 1.
55
. . . . 111.
56
. . . 4647,
136137.
57
. . . . 115116.
58
. . 403, . 126.
59
. .
. , 1982. . 4748; . .
. ., 1987. . 428.
60
. // Ruthenica. , 2004.
.3. . 3031.
61
. . :
. . ., 2004. . 160164.
62
. . . .
100, 121; . . i // i.
, 1994. 1. . 6668.
63
. .
// .
. ., 2001. . 231, 233, 387388.
64
. .
: ( . . . ., 1916. . 1:
. . . . 370).
65
. . 23.
66
// . . . . ., 1989. . 38. . 17.

176

67

// . . . .
., 1962. . 2. . 17, . . . . ,
, 882 .,
-, - ( . .
//
: . , .
, . . ,
. ., 2004. . 339). . .


,
. .: . .
. ., 1893. . 1: . . 141142;
XIXVII . ., 1975. . 1: . . 274.
68
. .; ., 1950. . 107.
69
. . . 1: , . .
. 38.
70
. .
. ., 2005. . 474.
71
. . - - (VIIIXI .):
. . . . . ., 1997. . 17.
72
. ., . ., . .
: . . // . : . ., 1999.
. 30. . 8291.
73
. .
: . // :
: 80- . . .
., 1998. . 362, 366, 368.
74
. . , ,
i i ,
( . . I
i . 2- . . ,
1972. . 158).
75
Kunik E. Die Berufung der schwedischen Rodsen durch
die Finnen und Slawen; Eine Vorarbeit zur Entstehungsgeschichte des Russischen Staates. 2 Abt. St. Petersburg, 1845.
S. 180181.
76
I. I. . , 1993. . 27.
77
. . . . 379.
78
. , 1897.
. VVI.
79
. : . i i i.
. 154.
XI .
: . .
//
: . . . ., 2012. . 3: 10-
( ).

2011

94(37)
. .

-
( III . . .) . ,
II .
, II , , III (206 . . .).
: , -, , I, II

Artem A. Popov
To the question of the tempory of the foundation
of the real independence of Greco-Bactria
During the Second Syrian war (the middle of the IIIrd century) between Seleucids and Lagids Bactria became an independent
state ruled by Seleucid satrap Diodotus. After his death during the reign of his son Diodotus II Bactria provided an independent
policy and declined a treaty with Parthia. This anti-Seleucid alliance was impossible for local Greek elite and Diodotus II was
killed by Eutydemus, a Greek from Magnesia, who was admitted by Antiochus III as a king (206 BC).
Key words: Hellenism, Greco-Bactria, Seleucids, Diodotus I, Diodotus II


XVIII .

: , , , ,
. 1.
. . 2,
.
- XX .
: . . 3, . . 4, . 5.
I 261 . . .
,
. II (261246 . . .)
II.
,
.



,
,
.
, II II6

,
, .

,
.
,
,
, ,

.
III . . .
, ,
7.


, 256 . . .
,
, ,
250 . . ., ,
, 250 .
. .
8. ,
, 256 . . .

, , .9


.
250 . . .
177

. .
(, ) 10.
,


( ),
II
11. . ,
255250 . . .12
I,
,
.
, , II
247 . . .13
, , ,

.
. ,

. ,

,
, ,
.
-
,
( . ) ,
, , ,

,
. ,
,
14.
,
, ,
.
250 . . .,
.
,
-
15.
I
II . , ,
, .

.

178

- .
I 16 I 17,
I . ,
.
,

,
.
I II ( 235
225 . . .)18
.
231. . . -
,
,

19. 225 . . . II
, 20. ,
-
, , ,
. -,
II
. , ,
,
, ,

. ,
, ,

. ,
,
,
, .

-
.
-
, .
- . . . . . . .
- . ,
- : 239
228 . . ..
,
, ,

2011

-
21,
. . - .
. .
I,
,
, I. . . ,
I, ,
,
, I II,
. II,
I,
, ,
.
, II
II 231 .
. . , , -,

( ),
.

II,
. , ,
,
. . ,
.
.. -,
,
22.
. . -.

, I,
, .
. , I
, II
,
, ,
. , . .
, ,
, II .

, (
.. ),
, .
, . .
.

,
. -

,
,

- .
, , ,

. II
. , , .
, II, ? , -
II,
. , ,
, .
,
I .
, I, II 23,

.
, ,
,
, I ,
.

,
.

. ,
,
, -,
.
,
. , ,
, .
,
.


II
,
,

, , , , II .
, ,
179

. .

, I.
,
, ,
, ,
.
,
,
- ,
.
- -

.

, ,

,
,
III .
, , ,

- .
,
-
.
, , - ?
.
,



.
-

,
: .
,

. -
,
, . I II -
. 206 .
. .
III -
I,

180

24.
, .

Bopearachchi O. Monnais grco-bactriennes et indogrecques: catalogue raisonn. Paris, 1991.


2
Bayer Th. S. Historia regni graecorum Bactriani. Petropoli,
1738.
3
Tarn W. W. The Greeks in Bactria and India. 1st ed. Cambridge, 1938; 2nd ed., 1951; 3rd ed. Chicago, 1985.
4
Narain A. K. The Indo-Greeks. Oxford, 1st ed. Oxford, 1957;
2nd ed., 1962.
5
Holt F. L. Thundering Zeus: the making of Hellenistic
Bactria. Berkley; Los Angeles; London, 1999.
6
Iustini M. Iuniani. Epitoma Historiarum Philippicarum
Pompei Trogi. Accedunt Prologi in Pompeium Trogum / ed.
O. Seel. Ed. II. Stutgardiae, 1985; .
/ . . . ,
. . ; . . . - // . .
. 1954. 24; 1955. 1. XLI, 4, 4.
7
Strabo. Geography. Vol. 18 / with an engl. trans. by
H.L.Jones. Cambridge (Mass.); London, 19441961; .
: 17 . / . . . . 2- . ., 1994.
XI, 9, 3; Iustinus. XLI, 4, 5.
8
Rawlinson H. G. Bactria. The History of forgotten Empire.
London, 1912. . 56.
9
Narain A. K. The Indo-Greeks. 1st ed. . 14.
10
. ., . . . .,
1964. . 1. . 103.
11
. / . .
... ., 1985. . 204.
12
Holt F. L. Op. cit. P. 97.
13
Newell E. T. The Coinage of Eastern Seleucid Mints from
Seleucus I to Antiochus III. New York, 1938. . 249.
14
. ., . . // . . . 1988. 4. .13,
14, 17.
15
Iustinus. Op. cit. XLI, 4, 5.
16
Ibid. XLI, 4, 5; Bopearachchi O. Op. cit. Pl. 8. Serie 14/E, 15/G.
17
Ibid. Pl. 10. Serie 9/F.
18
Holt F. L. Op. cit. P. 25, 101.
19
(VI . . . III . ..):
/ . . . . , 1940. .70.
20
Polybii Historiae / ed. a L. Dindorfio curatam retr. Th. BuettnerWobst. Stutgardiae, 1962; . : 3 . 2-
./ . . . . ., 19941995. . 13. XI, 34, 23.
21
Strabo. Op. cit. XI, 9, 2.
22
. . //
/ . . . .
, 1997. . 2. . 3740.
23
Lerner J. D. The impact of Seleucid decline on the Eastern
Iranian Plateau: the foundations of Arsacid Parthia and GraecoBactria. Stuttgart, 1999. P. 43.
24
Polybius. Op. cit. XI, 34, 910.

2011

PERSONALIA

378-057.4
. . , . . , . .
(19412011)
, -
- , , 22 2011 .
. . ,
. . . .
: , - ,
- , ,
,

Rafail Sh. Ganelin, Albina S. Krymskaya, Stanislav A. Zjuzin


Grigory A. Tishkin (19412011)
The current article is dedicated to the doctor of history, professor at St. Petersburg State University and
St.Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts, honored worker of higher professional education of the Russian
Federation Grigory A. Tishkin, who passed away on August 22, 2011. G. A. Tishkin is known by his researches on the
history of higher education, of St. Petersburg University, and history of womens issues in Russia. The main attention
is made to Grigory A. Tishkins activity at the University of Culture and Arts.
Keywords: Grigory A. Tishkin, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg State University of Culture and
Arts, university education, history of universities, history of womens issues

, ,
- . 25 , 19842008 .
, 19841991.
.
, , . ,
. -,
,
. -,
,

,

.
.

,

5060- . XIX . (., 1984), ,

-,
,
.
(. . ., . .)
, , .
, ,
- ,

1.
-
, . .
. 18501860- .


(., 1973). ( , :

XVIII XIX . (., 1988), (., 2000)),
, 1724 . .
181

. . , . . , . .
,

. . 1976 .
.
.., . . . . ,
. . . 1978.
. .
. ..
, 1984 .

. . . , - . .. IVVIII .

- ,
, .
IX , .

. .
- (., 1987), (., 1991),

(., 1993),
(., 1995).
, 19801990- .
. . (, ) ,
,
. ,
. . . ,
:
1996 . 1991 .

2 .

, 182

-,
.

,
XIX .
,
, ,
. , 80- . . . ,
, 90- . ,

-.
VI 1989 .3
275-
,
.., : , .
.
. , , , ,
, , ,
,
- . .
, , . :

4: ,
1989 .,

- .
VII , 275 , -
,

. . . .. . . ( . . )
. . . ,
,
.
- . 275 : 172419995.
. .
,

2011

(19412011)

. 90- . -


, . . .
RussiaVeneto. Rapporti culturali in eta moderna
e contemporanea .
80- 90- . . .

- .
6.
- -7.

..
.
,

.

,
, , , .

-
XVIIIXX .: ,
2009 .
,
300- . . ,
. 2007 .

..
.
, ,
,
.

- .
// : . ., . 65 . . . / . . . . ;
. . . . ., 2008. . 75.

183

. . , . . , . .
2

. : Stites R.
Russian popular culture: entertainment and society since 1900.
Cambridge; New York: Cambridge Univ. press, 1992. P. XIV.
3
. ., . .
17241989 . //
. ., 1989. . 6.
.232245.
4
275- : . / .
. . . ; . . . . .: .
.-. . -, 2003. . 116.
5
- . 275 : 17241999 / . . , . . , . . . .: - .-. -, 1999. 422 .
.. . . . .
1993 . (.: . ., .
., . .

184

.. //
: 250-
. . : . . ., 1993. . 13).
6


. 2010 .: /
. . . ; .-. ; .
.; . . . . . ., 1989. 12 .
7
-
-: 1:
-: / ; . .
.. . ., 1993. 165 .; - -: 2:
-:
/ ; . . . . . ., 1994.
108 .; -:
/ ; . . . . . ., 1995. 238 .

2011

REVIEWS

. .
. .
Vadim E. Semenkov
Review of the dictionary Sociology of religion by Mikhail Y. Smirnov
. . : / . . ; .-. . -. . : .
.-. -, 2011. 409 . (). : - . , . . . (.-.
. -); - . , . . . (. . . .).



.
- (

).
,
,
.
:
I. .
II. .
III. .
.
250 , .
2050 ( ),
. ,
.

,
(handbook). .
(, , ) ,
, (, , ). , ,
.
,
. ,
, .


,
:
, . , ,
.
, , , ,

. , ,
(). () ,
.

(), :
( . . .) () ,
. ,
- .
: ()

.

.
( ,
)

?
,
, - .
, ,
. :
.
185

Reviews
:

?
, (1967):
.
. :

,
. , :
.

. ,
.
, :
,


.
,
, ,
,
,
.
,
,


.
? ,

186

, , ,


( , , .
. .).
,
,
,
,
, , ,
, , . . ,


!
.
, .
,


, : ?

,
, , ,

.

2011

REVIEWS

. .
. . , . .
- XVIIIXXI .
Eleonora L. Rybakova
Review of the monograph Russian-Austrian cultural relations
in the 18th21st centuries by Natalja M. Bogolubova and Julia V. Nikolaeva
. . - XVIIIXXI . / . . , . . . .: - , 2010. 405 .

- XVIIIXXI .

1, 2,
3,
.
;
,
,
,

,
.
, .
,
, ,
,
.
,
, ,

.

, ,
, , ,
.
,
, . ,

. , ,
, , ,

.

, , ,
, .
- , , ,
.

, -,
,
. - :
,
,

.
, , ,
, ,

, .
, , , ,
, .
187

Reviews
,
,
,
4.
, , ,
.
, , , ,

.
, , ,

, ,


.

188

1
. ., . .
(
) // . .-. . -
. 2011. 2 (7), . . 3035; .
- XXI .
//
. .-. . -. . 6. 2008. . 3. . 76 83.
2
. ., . .
. .,
2009.
3
. ., . . : // . . 2011.
8. . 5668; .
: . . .,
2008; . // .
.-. . -. . 6. 2008. . 2. . 8793.
4
. .
// .
.-. . - . 2011. 2 (7). .42.

2011

Scientific life of University

2011

The St. Petersburg forum of culture 2011. Round table Actual questions of education in the sphere of culture
31 2 2011 . -

. - ,

.

, ,
,
, -.
- 1

.

.
: -
, , . . ;
, ,
.. ;
, ,
..; -
. . . ,
, . . ;
...,
. . .
, ,

.

. .
.
, ,
.
. , ,

. . . ,

,
( ,

. .).

.
.

()

,
, .
-
. . . ,
. .
:
,

.

.

.
, . . .

-
, . .
.


.
, . . ,
, ,
. . . ,
,
. ,
,
.
,
,
, , ,

.

189


Information about authors
, , (Artanovsky Sergey Nikolayevich, doctor of philosophy, honored professor of Saint-Petersburg State
University of Culture and Arts (marina_rio@mail.ru))
, , (Arutynyan Julia Ivanovna, PhD of art studies, associate professor of Department of Art
Studies of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (ArutyunyanJI@yandex.ru))
, , ,
,
(Barutkina Larisa Petrovna, PhD of art criticism,
member of the Union of Designers, member of Association of art critics, research assistant of Department
of the information service of the visitors of the State Russian Museum (barutkina@mail.ru))
, , (Vasilev Vladimir Alekseevich, PhD of art studies, professor of Department
of the academic choir of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (441guki@gmail.com))
, , - , -
(Ganelin Rafail Sholomovich, doctor of history, corresponding member of
the Russian Academy of Sciences, chief research assistant of Saint-Petersburg Institute of History of the
Russian Academy of Sciences (eganelin@mail.ru))
,
(Grigas Vincas, doctoral student of Faculty of Communication
of Institute of Library and Information Science of Vilnius University (vincas.grigas@mb.vu.lt))
, , ,
, , (Eliner
Ilja Grigorevic, PhD of art studies, associate professor, head of Department of Computer Design of SaintPetersburg State University of Culture and Arts, member of the Union of Artists, member of the Union of
Designers (ila111design@yandex.ru))
, - (-) (Zjuzin Stanislav Aleksandrovich, lecturer of Military and Patriotic Center
Derzhinets (Saint-Petersburg) (stas-zuzu@yandex.ru))
, , (Kornilova Vera Vladimirovna,
PhD of art studies, associate professor of Department of culturology of Moscow regional institute of
management and law (vdkorn@mail.ru))
, ; , , , , ,
(AICA),
, ,
(Krivdin Andrei Alexandrovich, post-graduate student of Department of Theory and History of
Culture of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts; supervisor of studies Makhlina Svetlana
Teveljevna, doctor of philosophy, honored figure in Higher School of Russian Federation, full member of
International Academy of Informatization, corresponding member of International Academy of Culture,
member of the International Association of Art Critics (AICA), member of the International Association of
Art, member of the Union of Artists, professor of Department of Theory and History of Culture of SaintPetersburg State University of Culture and Arts (andreikrivdin@yandex.ru))
, ,
, - I
(Krymskaya Albina Samiulovna, PhD
of pedagogics, lecturer of Department of Information Analytics, specialist on education and methodical
work of the Center for additional professional education of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture
and Arts (cnbl98@hotmail.com))

190

2011


Information about authors
, ,
(Kuklinova Irina Anatolievna, PhD of culture studies, associate
professor of Department of Museology and Cultural Heritage of Saint-Petersburg State University of
Culture and Arts (i_kuklinova@mail.ru))
, , ,
. ,
(Lebedeva Natalia Aleksandrovna, PhD of philosophy, associate professor of Department of general
humanitarian disciplines of the branch of Russian state social university in Murmansk, doctoral student
of Department of Theory and History of Culture of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts
(LebedevaNA2008@yandex.ru))
, ,
(Matveev Mikhail Yurjevich, doctor of pedagogics, senior
research assistant of National Library of Russia (matveev@nlr.ru))
, , , , ,
(AICA), ,
, (Makhlina Svetlana
Teveljevna, doctor of philosophy, honored figure in Higher School of Russian Federation, full member of
International Academy of Informatization, corresponding member of International Academy of Culture,
member of the International Association of Art Critics (AICA), member of the International Association of
Art, member of the Union of Artists, professor of Department of Theory and History of Culture of SaintPetersburg State University of Culture and Arts (makhlina@pochta.tvoe.tv))
, , ,
,
(Mikheeva Galina Vasiljevna, doctor of pedagogics, professor, honored figure in Culture, senior research assistant of Department of History of Libraries in National
Library of Russia (mikheeva@nlr.ru))
, ,
(Mukhin Andrey Sergeevich, PhD, associate professor of Department
of Museology and Cultural Heritage of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (nebelwerfer@inbox. ru))
,
(Petraityt Simona, doctoral student of
Faculty of Communication of Institute of Library and Information Science of Vilnius University (simona.
petraityte@mb.vu.lt))
, , (Petrakova Anna Evgenievna, PhD of art studies, associate professor of Department
of Art Studies of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (petrakova. anna@gmail. com))
, , (Petrov Nikolay Igorevich, PhD of history, associate professor of
Department of Intercultural Communications of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts
(npetrovspb@yandex.ru))
, , (Popov Artem Anatolievich, PhD of history, associate professor of Department of History of SaintPetersburg State University of Culture and Arts (pnpapd@gmail.com))
, ,
(Porshnev Valery Pavlovich, PhD of culture studies, associate professor of Department of Museology and Cultural Heritage of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture
and Arts (vpp2008@mail.ru))

191


Information about authors
, , , (Rybakova Eleonora Lvovna, doctor of culturology, associate
professor, professor of Department of musical art of variety of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture
and Arts (estradafaculty@mail.ru))
, ,
-
(Semenkov Vadim Evgenjevich PhD of philosophy, associate professor of Department of Social Studies
Saint-Petersburg State Institute of Psyhology and Social Work (semenkov1959@rambler.ru))
, (Smirnova Anastasiya Valerevna, lecturer of Department of information analyst of SaintPetersburg State University of Culture and Arts (vinnie@mail.ru))
, -
. . , ; , , - -
(Starinkova Elena Valentinovna, curator of The National Pushkin Museum, competitor
of Department of Museology and Cultural Heritage of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and
Arts; supervisor of studies Vvedenskiy Georgiy Ehdisherovich, PhD of culturology, Head of the MilitaryHistorical Department of the State museum-reserve Tsarskoe selo (estarin@mail.ru))
,
; , ,
(Timofeev Anton Mikhailovich,
graduate of Department of Museology and Cultural Heritage of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts; supervisor of studies Porshnev Valery Pavlovich, PhD of culture studies, associate professor
of Department of Museology and Cultural Heritage of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and
Arts (maile@list.ru))
(19412011), , , (Tishkin Grigory Alekseevich
(19412011), doctor of history, professor, honored figure in Higher School of the Russian Federation
(cnbl98@hotmail.com))
, ;
, , , , ,
(AICA), ,
, (Khramova
Marina Nickolaevna, post-graduate student of Department of Theory and History of Culture of SaintPetersburg State University of Culture and Arts; supervisor of studies Makhlina Svetlana Teveljevna, doctor of philosophy, honored figure in Higher School of Russian Federation, full member of International
Academy of Informatization, corresponding member of International Academy of Culture, member of the
International Association of Art Critics (AICA), member of the International Association of Art, member of
the Union of Artists, professor of Department of Theory and History of Culture of Saint-Petersburg State
University of Culture and Arts (marina3107_89@mail.ru))

192

2011

Оценить