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1.

()
1.1.
. (
) .
,
.
1.2.

.
1.3. Mnq, Mnp, Lq, Lp ,
Ln , U1 = 5 B, U2 = 10 B. k
: 0,5 < k < 0,95 (n, p, q, -
1). u1(t) u2(t).
2.

2.1.
( ).
2.2. u1 = u3 = u , i u ,
, .
2.3. : W(s) = U(s)/U(s), W(j) = U/U .
2.4. - .
0 5000 1/.
, u u.
, . 2.2.
2.5.
0 . ,
0, 1000 1/., .
3.
3.1. (
) , u

). ,
,

.
2

25% (1).
4.
4.1.

.

.
4.2. 2 (. .2) ,
u3(t) = 0, du3/dt > 0, ..
u4(t).

(t + u3) = 2 k, k = 0, 1, 2, 3.

i u

u4(t)
t = (2k - u3)/
(. 2.2):
) t [0+, T ], T - u4,
) , t [0+, nT ], n ,
.
50% (2).
5.

5.1. i(t) u(t) ,
u(t) = u4(t) 5- :
u(t) = (4 U m / k) sin kt, k .
5.2. u(t) = u4(t), u(t), i(t), u(t)
, u(t), i(t), u(t) - .
5.3. u(t), i(t), u(t), ,
,

i(t), u(t).

i(t), u(t) . 4.2,,


.
5.4. u(t), i(t)
.
75% (3).
3

6. -
- :
1. .
2. , ,
.
.
3. . (, )
4. , .
5. .
100% ((4).

- ()
4 .
. ,
, . ,
.

,
,
.

,
. 1.

,
.
()
Ln, .
,
. , ,
100 10.
. ()
L8 L9.
4

u1 L8 ,
() DA1.
: R0,5 , R 100 , 0 5104, f =20, 0
, f .
, ,
.
U = 1015 .
.
, ,
.
u3=u1, ,
.
L9
, ()
: U4=10 u20, U4=-10
u2>0. DA2
().
. ,
u1 u2 , u3>0 U4=10.
(R )
,
.

, .
. ()
1 ( . 1).
.

.1
:

:
e1
4
E

250 2 sin ( 10 t270 )


200-300j

iJ3
L1
L2
C2
R2
L3
R4
L4
C5
L6

10 2 sin ( 103 t +90 )


50
100
10
20
30
40
20
50
20

1. ()
1.1.
6

.2

.2
:
e1=250 2 sin(103t - 270 )
E4=200-300j
iJ3=10 2 sin(103t + 90 )
L1=50
L2=100
C2=10
R2=20
L3=30
R4=40
L4=20
C5=50
L6=20

:
1 =250 ej(-270)=250j
E
4 =200-300j
E
J 3=10 ej90=10j
Z L1 =50j
Z L2 =100j
Z C 2 = -100j
Z 2 = Z L2 + Z C 2 =0
Z L3 =30j
Z L4 =20j
Z C 5 = - 20j
Z L6 =20j

.3

.3

Z
E
.4
E

.4
, :
I '22 ( Z C 5 + R2 + Z L6 ) I '11 Z L6 =0 ;
I '11 = J 3=10 j .
I '22= I '11

Z L6
20 j
=10 j
=10
Z C 5+ R 2+ Z L6
20 j+20+20 j

:
I '2 =I '22 =10
I '3 =I '1=10 j
I '1 =I '22 I '11=1010 j
:
I '2 R 2+ I '3 Z L1 + U a bxx = E
1+E
4
abxx = E 1 + E 4 I '2 R2 I '1 Z L1=250 j+ 200300 j+10 2010 j(50 j)=40050 j
U
=U abxx=40050 j
E
Z .5

.5

R (Z +Z )
20(20 j20 j)
Z ab =Z L1 + 2 L6 C 5 =0+
=0
20+20 j20 j
R2+ Z L6 + Z C 5

E
40050 j
=
=7,55 j
Z ab + R4 + Z L 4 20 j+40
:
L= I 4 Z L 4=( 7,55 j ) 20 j=100+ 150 j.
U
I 4=

1.2. :
5
i 4= 7,52 +52 2 sin 103 t +arctg
7,5
3
i 4=9,014 2 sin ( 10 t 33,69 )
150
u L= 2002 +1002 2sin 103 t +arctg
100
3
u L=180,278 2 sin ( 10 t +56,31 )

.6 .7 :

15

7.5

i4sin( t )
0.0126

6.283210

6.283210

0.0126

7.5

15
t

.6
325

162.5

uL4sin( t )
0.0126

6.283210

162.5

325

6.283210

0.0126

.7

1.3. M47, M48, L7, L8 u1(t) u2(t) ,


L4=20j, U1=5 B, U2=10 B, k=0,5:

.8
U 1= X m 47 I 4 = M 47 I 4 ,
I 4=9.014
U
5
M 47= 1 = 3
=0,555
I 4 10 9.014
1= j M 47 I 4 = j 103 0,555 103 (7,55 j )=2,774+ 4,16 j
U
u1=5 2 sin ( 10 3 t +56.31 )
M 47
k 47 =
L4 L 7
2
M 247 ( 0,555 103 )
L7 = 2
=
=0,062
k 47 L4 0,5 2 20 103
U 2= X m 48 I 4 = M 48 I 4 ,
U
10
M 48= 2 = 3
=1.109
I 4 10 9.014
10

2= j M 48 I 4 = j 103 1.109 103 ( 7.55 j ) =5.5478.321


U
u2=10 2 sin ( 10 3 t123.69 )
M 48
k 48=
L 4 L8
2
M 248 ( 0.8944 103 )
L8 = 2
=
=0,246
2
3
k 48 L4 0,5 20 10

2.

2.1. .
.9

.9

: U = 2.774+ 4.16 j ;
R1=5
R3=15
R2=5
L=10
: Z L =10j
:
R (R +R )
5 ( 5+15 )
Z =Z L +Z L + 1 2 3 =10 j+ 10 j+
=4 +20 j ;
R 1+ R 2 + R 3
5+5+ 15
.
:

I = U = 2.774+ 4.16 j =0.2270.093 j ;


4+20 j
Z
11

R 2 + R3
( .049330.05755 j ) ( 70+10 )
=
=0.039460.04604 j ;
R 1+ R 2 + R 3
20+70+ 10
R1
( .049330.05755 j ) 20
I 2 =I
=
=0.009870.01151 j ;
R 1+ R 2 + R 3
20+70+10
:
L= I Z L =( 0.2270.093 j ) ( 10 j )=0.933+2.267 j ;
U
R 2= I 2 R 2=( 0.0450.019 j ) 5=0.2270.093 j;
U
R 1=I 1 R 1=( 0.1810.075 j ) 5=0.9070.373 j ;
U
R 3= I 2 R 3=( 0.0450.019 j ) 15=0.680.28 j;
U
=U
R 3=0.680.28 j ;
U
I 1 =I

2.2 i, u u,
, .
:
u =5 2 sin ( 103 t +56.31 ) ;
u = 0.68 +0,28
2

0.28
3
=0,735 2sin ( 10 t22,38 ) ;
2 sin 10 3 tarctg

0.68

i = 0.2272 +0.0932 2 sin 103 t +arctg

0.093
=0.245 2 sin ( 103 t22,38 ) ;
0.227

:
u u =49.39 26.565 =78.69 ;
:
U 0.735
=
=0,147 ;
U
5
2.3.

W ( s )=

U ( s )
U
,W ( j) =

U ( s )
U

R1 R 3
R1 + R 2 + R3
R 1 ( R2 + R3 )
U ( s )=I ( s ) Z ( s )=I ( s ) (2 Ls+
)
R1 + R2 + R3
R 1 R3
R 1 R3
I ( s )
R1 + R2 + R3
R1 + R2 + R3
R 1 R3
W ( s )=
=
=
=
R1 ( R2 + R3 )
2 Ls ( R1 + R2 + R3 ) + R1 ( R2 + R3 ) 2 Ls ( R1 + R2 + R3 ) + R1 ( R2 + R3 ) 10
I ( s ) (2 Ls+
)
R 1+ R 2 + R 3
( R1 + R2 + R3 )
75
W ( s )=
100+0.5 s
s j , :
( s )=I 2 ( s ) R3=I ( s )
U

12

W ( j )=

75
100+0.5 j

2.4. :
75
W ( ( j ) ) =
=
100+ 0.5 j
W ( ( j ) ) =

75

100 +( 0.5 )
2

752
e
10000+0.25 2

jarctg

( 0.5100 )

( )]

j 0arctg
250

0.8

0.6

W( )
0.9

0.4

0.2

110

210

310

(.9):

75
10000+0.25 2

( 0.5100 )]

W ( ) =

(.10): ( )= arctg

.10

13

410

510

110

210

310

410

0.5
arg( W( w) )

1.5

.11
1000 1/c:

W ( )
(),
0
0.75
1000
0.147
3000
0.05
5000
0.03
:

0
78.69
86.186
87.709

W(1000)= 0.147;
( 1000 ) = 78.69 , ,
2.2.
2.5. . 12:
W 1 ( 1000 ) =0.147 , W 2 ( )=0 , W 3 ( 0 )=0.75 ,

14

510

0.075 0.149 0.224 0.298 0.373 0.447 0.522 0.596 0.671 0.745

0.82

0.067

Im( W( w ) ) 0.133
Im( W( W1) )
Im( W( W2) )

0.2

Im( W( W3) ) 0.267

0.333

0.4
Re( W( w) ) Re( W( W1) ) Re( W( W2) ) Re( W( W3) )

.12
3. .
:
Z =R + j x L =4+20 j
.13:

.13

.14:

15

Z =R + j x L j x C
x L xC =0

.14

1
1
; C=
=50
C
xC
: Z =R =21.692
x =x
20
: Q= C L = =5 ;
R
4
:
1000
1 21
1
=
21 = 0 =
=200 .
Q
0
Q
5

x C =x L =20 ; x C =

4. .
4.1.

.15
1(t):
16

.16
:

t<0:
+
0
iL
.17

.17
:
R (R + R )
Z =2 Lp+ 1 3 2 =0
R3 + R2 + R 1
p=2 0 0 1/c
:
pt
i L ( t )=i L +i L=i L + A e
:
1
i L =
=0, 25 ;
R1 (R3 + R2)
R 3+ R 2+ R 1
i L ( t )=0,25+ A e200 t ;

17

+
0

iL
i L ( t )=i ( t )=0,250, 25 e20 0 t ;
di
u L ( t )=2 L L =2 0,01 (0,25 ) (20 0 ) e20 0 t =1 e20 0t ;
dt
i ( t ) ( R1 ) 0, 25 e20 0t 5+0.25 5
i 2 ( t )= L
=
=0.050,0 5 e2 0 0 t ;
R 3 + R 2+ R 1
5+5+15
u2 (t )=i 2 ( t ) R 3=0. 7 50, 7 5 e20 0 t
,
20 0 t
[/]
hu 2 ( t )=u 2 ( t )=0.750.7 5 e
20 0 t
[1/=]
hi ( t )=i ( t ) / B=0.250. 25 e
+
0
(.20)

k u 2 ( t ) =hu
+
0
(.21)

k i ( t )=hi

(.18)
(.19)

1
0.917
0.833
0.75
0.667
0.583
hu_vyx( t )

0.5
0.417
0.333
0.25
0.167
0.083
0

510

0.01

0.015

0.02
t

.18

18

0.025

0.03

0.035

0.04

0.3
0.275
0.25
0.225
0.2
0.175
hi_vx( t ) 0.15
0.125
0.1
0.075
0.05
0.025
510

0.01

0.015

0.02

0.025

0.03

0.035

0.04

200
183.333
166.667
150
133.333
116.667
ku_vyx( t )

100
83.333
66.667
50
33.333
16.667
0

510

0.01

0.015

0.02
t

.20

19

0.025

0.03

0.035

0.04

75
68.75
62.5
56.25
50
43.75
ki_vx( t ) 37.5
31.25
25
18.75
12.5
6.25
510

0.01

0.015

0.02

0.025

0.03

0.035

0.04

.21

:
L [ hu ( t ) ] L ( 0,750.7 5 e20 0t )
0.7 5 s
150
75
=
= 0,7 5
=
=
=W ( s ) ;
1
1
s +20 0 s+2 0 0 0.5 s +1 00
s
s
150
75
L [ k u (t ) ]=L [ 150 e200 t ]=
=
=W ( s ) .
s+ 20 0 0.5 s+100
4.2. .
1 2 ,

u3(t)=0, du3/dt>0 .22.


(t + u3) = 2 k,
k = 0, 1, 2, 3.
u3=5 2 sin ( 103 t +56.31 )
3

10 t+56.31 =0
3

10 t 0=56.31
.
u3 ( t )=0 ,

d u3
> 0,(t + u )=2 k , k =0,1,2,3,
dt
3

20

.22 U

.23

I L = I =0.2270.093 j
2.1 :
3
I L ( t )=0. 245 2 sin ( 10 t22.38)
0

+
0

iL
: 0+tT/2-: u4(t)=10 B
i L , , t u L=0 :
10
i L ( )=
=2.5 ;
R 1 ( R 3 + R 2)
R3 + R2 + R1
:
i L ( t )=i L +i L=i L + A e pt
21

+
0

i1
i L ( t )=i ( t )=2.52.84 e20 0 t ;

T /2

iL
R 1 R3
u2 (t )=i 2 ( t )
=( 2.52.84 e200 t ) 3=7.58.52 e200 t
R 3 + R 2+ R 1
, u2 (t )=3 i L ( t ) , .
: T/2+ t T-: u4(t)=-10 B
i 1 , , t u L=0 :
10
i L ( )=
=2,5 A
R 1 ( R 3+ R 2 )
R3 + R2 +R1
:
(
)
i L t =i L +i L=i L + A e pt

T /2

iL
T
200 (t )
T
T
2
i L t =i t =2,5+3,485 e
;
2
2
T
200 (t )
T
T
2
u2 t =i 2 t 3=7,5+10,455 e
2
2
i ( t ) u ( t ) - .24 .25 :

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1
0.75
0.5
0.25

ivx( t )
0.25

1.047210

2.094410

3.141610

0.5
0.75
1
t

.24

22

4.188810

5.23610

6.283210

3
2.25
1.5
0.75
uvyx( t )
0.75

1.047210

2.094410

3.141610

4.188810

5.23610

6.283210

1.5
2.25
3
t

.25
) , t[0+, nT], n ,

, Mathcad:
.25
I(t) 3-

.26
U(t) 4-

3
2.25
1.5
0.75
uvyx( t )
0.75

3.141610

6.283210

9.424810

0.0126

0.0157

0.0188

1.5
2.25
1
3
0.75
t

0.5
0.25
ivx( t )
0.25

3.141610

6.283210

9.424810

0.5
0.75

23

1
t

0.0126

0.0157

0.0188

.27

5.
.
5.1. i ( t ) u (t) .
5
4 Um
40
40
40
u ( t ) =
sin kt= sin t+
sin 3 t +
sin 5 t=12.73sin 103 t+ 4.24 sin 3 10 3 t +2.54 si

3
5
k=1 k
, . 2.4.
c1
1000
3000
5000

H u ()
0.147
0,05
0,03

u ()
-78,69
-86,186
-87,709

I, III, V :
U (1 )=

40
40
40
; U (3 )=
; U (3 )=
3 2
52
2

u ( t)
(1)
(3)
3 t +u ( )

(5)
5 t +u ( )

(5) sin

(3) sin
t +u ()+ u (3) (t ) H u

(1) sin
u (1 ) ( t ) H u
u ( t )= 2
:
u2 (t )=1,872 sin ( t78,69 ) +0,212 sin ( 3 t86,186 ) +0,0 76 sin (5 t8 7,709 )
, u2 (t )=3 i L ( t )
i ( t )=0,624 sin ( t 78,69 ) +0,071 sin ( 3 t86,186 ) +0,025 sin ( 5 t8 7,709 )

5.2. u(t) = u4(t), i(t), u(t)

24

15
12
9
6
3
uvxsin( t )
3

6.283210

0.0126

0.0188

0.0251

6
9
12
15
t

.28
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
ivx_sin( t )
0.25

6.283210

0.0126

0.0188

0.0251

0.5
0.75
1
t

.29
3
2.25
1.5
0.75
uvyx_sin( t )
0.75

6.283210

0.0126

1.5
2.25
3

25
t

0.0188

0.0251

.30
5.3. u(t), i(t), u(t),
, i(t), u(t).
u(t):
U = U 2 ( 1)+ U 2 (3 )+U 2 ( 5)=

40 2
40 2
40 2
+
+
=9,659
3 2
5 2
2

)(

)(

u(t):
U = U 22 (1) +U 22 (3 )+U 22 (5)= 1,324+ 0.152 +0.0 542=1,333
i(t):
I = I 2 (1 )+ I 2 (3 )+ I 2 (5 )= 0, 4412+ 0,0 52+ 0,0 182=0. 444
:
T
1
P= i (t ) u (t)dt=0.79
T 0
:
,
I (1)
k i =
=0.993
I
U 2 (1)
=0.993
U2
i(t), u(t) . 4.2,:

k u =

1
0.75
0.5
ivx( t )

0.25

ivx_sin( t )
0
0.25

3.141610

6.283210

9.424810

0.5
0.75
1
t

.31

26

0.0126

0.0157

0.0188

3
2.25
1.5
0.75

uvyx( t )
uvyx_sin( t )

0.75

3.141610

6.283210

9.424810

0.0126

0.0157

0.0188

1.5
2.25
3
t

.32
, ,
.

5.4. .
:
cos( )=P;

| |=1.38 6

Q:

U (n ) I (n ) sin ( n)=
Q=
n

Q > 0,
i . ( t )=I 2 sin ( t| |)=0.13599 2 sin ( 1000 t7 9 .3 91 )
u . ( t )=U 2 sin ( t )=9.659 2 sin ( 1000 t )

u(t), i(t) u.(t), i.(t) .34,35 :

27

15
12
9
6
3

u_sin( t )
u_( t )

2.094410

4.188810

6.283210

8.377610

0.0105

0.0126

0.0105

0.0126

6
9
12
15
t

.33
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
ivx_sin( t ) 0.2
ivx_ekv( t )
0
0.2

2.094410

4.188810

6.283210

0.4
0.6
0.8
1
t

.34

28

8.377610


,
3 .
1
,
.
2
, ,
. ,
, .
3 ,
,
. ,
: ,
.
5
( ).


.
,
.
, 4.

.
:

29

Mathcad 14,
Splan 7.0,
.

1. .. , .. .
. . . .. , ,
. . .. , 2001
2. .. , , 1968, ,
3. .. , , , 1978

30

1. ()
7
1.1.

7
1.2.
9
1.3. M67, M68, L7, L8
11
2.

11
2.1.

11
2.2. u , i u,
,

12
2.3. : W(S) = U(S)/U(S), W(j) = U/U
12
2.4.
12
2.5.
14
3.
14
4. 15
4.1.

15
4.2. 19
5.

23
31

5.1. i(t) u(t)


23
5.2. u(t), i(t), u(t)
24
5.3. u(t), i(t), u(t),
25
5.4.
27

29

30

32

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