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Copyright 20062012

[d] day

[:] barn

[b] back

[] sing

[] they

[r] red

[d] jump
[f] few

[g] gay
[h] hot
[j] yet

[k] key
[l] led

[m] map
[n] nod

[p] pen
[s] son

[] about

[] pot

[:] bird

[] note

[a] bite

[] she

[] pit

[a] now

[t] tea

[i:] sheep

[a] tire

[t] chat

[] here

[a] tower

[] thing

[u:] boot

[:] born

[v] view

[u] put

[] boy

[w] wet

[z] zero

[] bad

[u] poor

[e] bed

[] measure

[] cut

[e] there

[e] make

26 .
A [e]

B [bi:]

C [si:]

D [di:]

I [a]

J [de]

K [ke]

L [el]

E [i:]

M [em]

Q [kju:]
U [ju:]

X [eks]

F [ef]

N [en]
R [:]

V [vi:]

Y [wa]

G [di:]
O []
S [es]

W [dblju:]
Z [zed, zi:]

H [et]
P [pi:]
T [ti:]

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. 2

I
II
+ r + + r +

A tape [e]

tap []

car [:]

care [e]

U mute [ju:]

nut []

fur [:]

cure [ju]

O note []

not []

E eve [i:]
I

for [:]

bed [e]

fine [a]

her [:]

hit []

Y byte [a]

fir [:]

myth []

myrrh [:]

more [:]
here []
fire [a]

tyre [a]

() (voiceless/voiced consonants)
[f]

[v]

[p]

[b]

[k]
[s]
[t]
[]

[t]
[]

[g]
[z]

[d]
[]

[d]
[]


[m]

[l]

[j]

[w]

[n]

[]

[r]

[h]

() (vowels)
[:]

[]

[u:]

[u]

[:]
[i:]

[]
[]

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Copyright 20062012

. 3


[e]

[]

[:]

[]

[e]

[a]

[]

[]

[u]

[e]

[a]

[]

, . .
. . , .


[:]

pass, dance, bath, clerk, dark, bar

[]

bag, bad, grammar, pattern, hand

[]

[e]
[]

[:]
[i:]
[]

[:]
[]

[u:]
[u]

cut, blood, love, some, done, uncler


pen, test, end, pencil, merry

Japan, elephant, mother, humour, fire


turn, year, worth, skirt, term

seen, bean, ski, priest, meter, receive, meet


pin, sit, litter, Italy

pork, score, for, more, fall, saw, ought


dog, gone, bottom, bottle, philosophy
you, boot, prove, flue, few

good, put, pull, push, cushion

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Copyright 20062012

. 4

( )
[a]

eye, byte, bite, die, night, try

[]

boy, toy, boil, oyster

[e]
[]
[a]
[]

[u]
[e]

day, pain, state, betray, aim


own, bone, soap, toe, post

our, tower, down, loud, plough


ear, dear, deer, pier, beard
tour, poor, cure, sure

air, bare, wear, fair, fairy


[]

three, think, thought, month, author

[]

sure, push, bishop, session, station, musician

[]
[]

[]

[p]
[b]

[m]
[w]
[f]

[v]
[s]

[z]
[t]

[d]
[n]
[l]

[r]

[k]

[g]
[h]

that, this, other, mother, booth

genre, garage, decision, vision, division


uncle, ankle, string, bring, trying
piece, place, supper, clip, ship

boy, bottle, labour, double, stub


my, humour, lamb, time, sum

window, where, swallow, twice, quick


fever, photo, suffer, laugh, staff
veal, vase, stove, cover, glove
sit, peace, pass, scene, lesson

zoo, zipper, jazz, scissors, season


two, try, twist, battle, settle
die, dog, saddle, sad, mud

nine, knit, gnat (), sign, funny


lead, list, flirt, fly, doll

rat, ride, dream, pirate, ferry


cat, kid, clock, accept, axe

guide, give, segment, dog, frog


high, here, who, how, unhappy

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Copyright 20062012

. 5

[j]

yes, yet, pure, cute, suit

[t]

chess, chin, bitch, pinch, butcher

[d]

jazz, just, page, danger, bridge


.
, , . , ,
.
a ( ) []

bag, bad, hand

arr []

barrel

a (: ) []
wa ( x, ck, g) []

i ( , r) [a]

y ( , r) [a]
y ( ) [a]
ind [a]
igh [a]
ild [a]

ign [a]

i ( ) []

i (: , r) []
y ( ) []

y ( , /) []

e ( , /) []
ind []

e ( ) [i:]
ee [i:]
ea [i:]
ie [i:]
ei [i:]

e ( ) [i:]
e ( ) [e]

have

wax, wagon, wacky


fine, pie

type, bye

my, sky, fly

kind, mind, blind, find, wind ()


high, might, flight, sigh, night
child, wild
sign

sit, fit, hit


give

myth

synonym
begin

wind ()
eve, meter

steel, meet, see, reel, heel, beet, reed, feet


steal, meat, sea, real, heal, beat, read, feat
piece, believe, relief, priest, grief

ceiling, seize, receive, deceive, perceive


he, me, be, she
set, theft

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Copyright 20062012

. 6

ea [e]

pleasant, heavy

a ( ) [e]

cake, make, rate

ead [e]
ei [e]

ey [e]
ai [e]

ay [e]

eigh [e]
ould [u]
ook [u]

ood [u]

u ( ) [u]
ull [u]

ru ( ) [u:]
lu ( ) [u:]
ju ( ) [u:]
oo [u:]

ou [u:]

ew ( l, r, j) [u:]
ough [u:]
ew [ju:]
eu [ju:]

u ( ) [ju:]
o ( ) []
oll []

wa ( ) []

wha ( ) []
or + [:]
or + [:]
oor [:]

our + ( r) [:]
aw [:]
au [:]

aught [:]
ought [:]

head, bread, dead


vein, rein

grey, obey, prey, survey ()


main, rain, mail, hail, sail

day, May, say, pay, betray

weigh, freight, neighbour, sleigh ()


would, should, could
book, cook

hood, food, good


put, pull

pull, full, bull


rule

blue

June

boot, tooth, food, loop, troops, fool


soup

flew, brew ( )
through

few, news, nephew, stew, steward


European, euro
mute, cute

hot, box, bottle


doll

was, want, wash


what

pork, fork, passport

more, adore, ignore


door, floor
source

crawl, awful, lawn, law, paw

autumn, audit, author, pause, launch

naughty, daughter, slaughter ()


bought, brought, fought, thought

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Copyright 20062012

. 7

orse [:]

horse, worse

whar + [:]

wharf ()

war + [:]
all [:]

alk [:]

ald [:]
oi []

oy []

ar + [:]
alf [:]

ass [:]
ast [:]

alm [:]
ath [:]

ask [:]

eart [:]
asp [:]

arm [:]
ant [:]

ir + [a]

yr + [a]

y + ( ) [j]

y ( ) [j]
er + [:]

ur + [:]
ir + [:]

yr + [:]

ear + [:]
eard [:]

wor ( ) [:]
ere [:]

er + []
eard []
eird []

ear ( ) []

war, warm, ward

mall ( ), stall ()
walk, talk, chalk, stalk ()
bald

coin, point, soil, noise, voice

boy, toy, joyful, enjoy, employ


dark, car, farm, part, garden
calf, half

pass, class
past, cast

palm, calm
path, bath
task, ask
heart
gasp

harm
plant

tire, mire ()
tyre

young, yesterday
toy, boy, ray

berth, term, germ, service, her

turn, burn, nurse, curse, surface


bird, third, birthday, girl, flirt
myrrh ()
earl

heard

worm (), work


were

mere, sincere, severe, sphere


beard
weird

ear, clear, dear, near

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Copyright 20062012

. 8

eer []

deer, cheer (), peer ()

air [e]

chair, air, fair, hair, pair

ear [e]
are [e]

er + [e]
eir [e]

ure [ju]
ure [u]
our [u]
oor [u]
ou [a]

ow [a]

own [a]

our [a]

ower [a]

o ( ) []

o ( ) []
o ( , ) []
old []
ow []
oa []

ough []
olk []
oll []

ost []

ove ( ) []

ar ( , ) []
or ( , ) []
er ( ) []

ur ( ) []
a ( ) []
o ( ) []

u ( ) []
on ( ) []

ome ( ) []

pear, bear, wear, tear, swear

bare, ware (), careful, share


there, where
heir, their

cure, pure, lure, endure, secure


sure

pour

poor, boor

loud, proud, ground, sound, pound


down, town, brown, crown, row
gown, brown

our, sour, flour


power, tower
note

go, no, so

photo, tomato

old, cold, gold, folder, soldier


crow, row, low, own, mow

soap, goat, moan, boat, coat


though
folk
roll

post, most, host

stove, rove ()
popular
actor

yesterday, waiter
Saturday
about

control
album

son, London

some, come

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Copyright 20062012

. 9

ove ( ) []

love, dove, glove

ouple []

couple

ouble []
ood []
ull []

ough [f]
l [l]

sh []

su ( ) []
ssure []
cious []
cian []
sion []
tion []
ch [t]

tch ( ) [t]
ture [t]
zh []

s ( , i, u) []
sure []
sion [n]
ough [f]
ph [f]

ght [t]
s [s]

s ( ) [s]
ps [s]

c ( e, i, y) [s]
sc [s]
ss [s]

sw [s]
st [s]

stle [sl]
kn [n]

gn [n]

trouble, double
blood
dull

enough, rough, tough, slough ()


crawl, law, fly

ship, she, push, bush, mushroom


sure, sugar
pressure
precious

musician

pension, passion, session, tension

station, intention, nation, sensation


chair, pinch (), champaign
fetch, match

nature, culture, furniture, literature


Zhukov

visual, usual

pleasure, leisure, measure, treasure


vision, division, decision, invasion
enough, rough, tough

photo, phone, physics, philosophy


fight, knight, sight
sister, sound, see
cats

psycho, psychology

cent, precios, cinema


scene, science
pass, class
answer

listen, fasten

whistle, castle, bustle ()

knit (), know, knife, knot ()


gnat (), gnaw ()

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Copyright 20062012

. 10

th []

that, other, mother, weather

g ( e, i, y) [g]

give, get

th []

g ( a, o, u) [g]
gue [g]
gui [g]

gu ( ) [gw]
c ( a, o, u) [k]
k [k]

ck [k]

ch [k]
x [ks]

x [gz]

sk [sk]

sch [sk]
sc [sk]

squ [skw]
qu [kw]
wr [r]

ed ( ) [d]
ed ( t, d) [d]

g ( e, i, y) [d]
age [d]

ege [d]

j ( ) [d]
dg [d]
ng []

ng [g]
nk [k]
nc [k]

mb [m]
ph [v]

wh [w]

who [h]
kh [h]

third, three, path, bath, author


game, gold, gum
dialogue
guide

language

cold, cave, cure


keep, seek

clock, kick, sick, chicken, truck


chemistry, stomach, chorus
box, fox, wax

exam, exhibit
skate, skill

scheme, school
scarf, scare
squirrel

quite, quick, request, queen, require

wrong, write, wrap, wreath ()


turned

waited, nodded

general, gin, gym


cottage, village
college

jeans, joy

knowledge, fridge, bridge, budget


lung, strong, taking, song, string
single, jungle

tank, bank, think, pink, sink

uncle, anchor, function, sanction


numb, thumb, limb, climb, tomb
nephew

why, white, where, when


who, whom

Tchinghiz Khan

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Copyright 20062012

. 11

ed ( , t) [t]

watched, looked

s ( , i, u) [z]

music, physics

z [z]

s ( ) [z]
es () [z]

zoo, zebra, zone


dogs, rolls

watches, bases


, e : die, mate, bottle.
e, , e [i:]: me, he, she.
ee, [i:]:
fee, employee, addressee.
.
, , (me, tea, play),
, (place, mute, nice).
:
a [e]

mate

u [ju:]

mute

e [i:]

u [u:]
i [a]

y [a]

o []

eve

flute, rule
bite

byte

note

, , (pot, tip),
u1076 (doctor, lord).

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Copyright 20062012

. 12

:
a []

map

u []

nut

e [e]
i []

y []

o []

set
hit

myth
box

.
a s, , [:]: pass, master, past, task, fast.
a th [:]: path, rather, father.
a w [z]: want, was, wander ().
a l + [:]: walk, also, false ().
alf [:]: calf, half.
a, i, y + le
[e]: table, maple, cycle, idle, title.
o m, n, th, v []: dove, love, month, London, some.
-ost []: most, host, post.
, , : put, pull, push, u [u],
give, i [w].
y [a]: sky, fly, type.
y []: happy, truly, noisy.

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Copyright 20062012

. 13

y []: myth, rhythm, system.


e ( er []) []: begin.


s [s] : sit, set, cats, maps.
s [z] : bees, flies, beds, plans.
x [gz] : exam, exist, exact.
x [ks]: box, except, text.
gu [g]: guest, guard.

w, r: wrong, write, wrist.
g k, n: knight, knife, gnat, gnaw.
wh, h : what, where, white.
, wh o, w, h: who, whose, whom, whole.

ng [g] : angry, finger, singer.

er, re, or []: mother, doctor, centre.
our []: colour, favour.
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Copyright 20062012

. 14

ous ou [s]: precious, famous.


sion [n] (pension, passion), [n] (vision, decision, intrusion).
ay, ey []: Monday, money, kidney.
que [k] : cheque, unique.

c [s], e, i, y: centre, cinema, cycle.
c [k]: come, clone, cave, cube.
g [d], e, i, y: college, giant, gym, prodigy ().
g [g]: game, guest, flag, go.
( g [g], [d]): give, get, girl, finger .

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Copyright 20062012

. 15