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Mg(NO3)2 + Na2HPO4 = MgHPO4 + NaNO3 ,
(1)
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(2)
, (1) (2) ,
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:
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( 20.5-19436711007:2012),
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1 .., .. . .: , 1986. 376 .


2 . US 6761781 B1. C06B31/28.High Density ANFO/ Lawrence D.L. etc. 09/472800;
. 28.12.1999; .13.07.2004
3 ..
// . 2007. 98/55. . 181
191
4

/ .. , .. , .. // . 2006. .2 (37),
. 2. . 81 84.
5 / .. , .. ,
.. . .: , 1990. 288 .
6 .. // . 2012. 107/64.
. 168 180.
7 ..
// . . -. 1952. .71. . 25 51.
8 .., . -
// , .
.. : , , 2013. .189 198.
REFERENCES
1 Baron, L.V., Kantor, V.Kh. Technique and technology of explosive works in the USA. Moscow: Nedra,
1986.
2 Lawrence, D.L. and other. High Density ANFO, 2004. Pat 6761781 US.
3 Kantor, V.Kh. New equipment and technology of manufacturing industrial explosives with thermal
treatment of granulated ammonium nitrate // Vzryvnoe delo, 2007. Vol. 98(56), P.181 191.
4 Efremov, E.I., Rymarchuk, B.I and other. Improvement elementary explosive mixtures based on
ammonium nitrate and oil products // Visnuk KDPU, 2006. Vol.2 (37), Is. 2. , P. 81 84.
5 Svanov, M.E, Olevsky V.M. and other. Production of ammonium nitrate in large capacitys aggregates.
Moscow: Khimiya, 1990.
6 Kovtun, Yu.V. ANFO .. ANFO and Igdanite - without an equal sign // Vzryvnoe delo, 2012.
Vol.107(64), P. 168 180.
7 Kurin, N.P. .. The theory packing granulated ammonium nitrate and possible ways to prevent
packing // Izvestiya Tomskogo universiteta, 1952, Is.71, P. 25 51.
8 Kovalenko, I.L., Kuprin, V.P. Physicochemical approach to developing of the simplest explosives for
underground mining // High-energy systems, processes and models. Dnepropetrovsk: AktsentPP, 2013,
P.189 198.
Technology of agricultural ammonium nitrate modification in the production of energy condensed systems
I. Kovalenko, D.V. Kiyaschenko
Abstract. The method of agricultural ammonium nitrate modification by treatment with sodium orthophosphate,
followed by drying, is given. The necessity of nitrate drying with suction is shown. Modified granules absorb up to
7.5% of the liquid fuel while maintaining the initial strength of the granules. It was shown that the strength
characteristics are provided by creating a hard skeleton in granules of slightly soluble compounds. The technology of
ammonium nitrate modification and obtaining of highly stable granular explosives for use in underground mining was
developed.
Keywords: ammonium nitrate, modification, sodium orthophosphate


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