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Linux

1-81

-
, , .
PID - ,

-
, ,
- :
, , ,

1-82

- ,

init

-
STDIN,STDOUT,STDERR,

1-83

ps []

-a

-x

-u

-e

-o

Real UID -

Effective UID - ,

Saved UID -
Set-UID , SavedUID = UID- , =
RUID

SUID SGID



SUID -
UID .
SGID - -
GID - .
,
,

1-86

. man 7 signal


SIGKILL (9)
SIGSTOP


kill -l


kill -<>
kill -< >


killall [-s <>] < >

top
k

running
,

(nice) - 0

nice -20 +19

( nice)
root


nice -n <> <> [<>]


renice -n <nice> [-pu] <ID>

-n <nice>

-p

ID PID , nice

-u

ID UID, nice

top
r


honup <> []

STDOUT STDERR nohup.out


screen <> []


screen -r [<PID>]


EUID EGID

Lab 6 -

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