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: http://eksmo.ru/certication/
2 : . 45

22.12.2014. 60x901/32. .
. . . 11,0.
.

ISBN 978-5-699-74817-4

 ., 2015


  

 , 2015
 
.      , 2015

................................................... 11
1.
............................................ 13
................................................... 14
.................................................. 15
................................................................. 16
.................................................................... 18
................................. 18
....................................................... 19

.................................................................... 21
................................ 21
....................................................... 22
................................ 24
() ................... 26
- ................................. 27

......................................... 28
............................................................. 30
......................................... 37
...................................................... 39
................................................................ 42
............................................... 46
......................... 56
.............................................. 57
...................................................... 59
................................................................. 61
HDD .................................................... 63
SSD.......................................................................... 64
................................. 66
, ............. 66
..................................................................... 67
TV- .............................................................. 68
CD/DVD-R/RW- ................................ 69
................................................................. 70
...................................... 71
2.
............................ 73
..................................... 73

.................................................... 78
BIOS.
................................... 79
UEFI ................................................ 92

...................................................... 94
.......................... 95
BIOS ....................................... 96
CMOS- .................................102

............................103

..................................................................105
.......................108
.....................112
- ............115
..........116
..........122
.................................126

..............................................................133

.........................................138


..............................................................143
.............146

........................................................147
.......148
.......................................149
.............151

.....................................155

................................................................158
3. ,
Windows ........................................... 162

Windows .............................................................162

.......................................................163

DISK BOOT FAILURE .................................164

...............................................................167
CHKDSK..................................168

...................................170
Windows
( Windows 8.1)....................................175

OC Windows 8.1....................................................186
Windows.......................................189

........................................................190
......................192
...............................195

.................................................196
........................198
.......................................................198
......................................199

Windows 7 ....................................................210

.................................................................215
................................221
........222
....................................................222

..................................................224
.......................................................226
UAC ..........................................229

..................................................231
............................234
..................240
4.
Windows , 7 8.1 ........................... 243

.......................................................................244
...........................244

Windows 7 8.1 .........................250

..........253

Windows , 7 8.1 ........................257
.................................................257
...............................................262
...................................................268


Windows 7 8.1 ........................................................274
...........275

.........................................................282
5.
........................................ 286
, ,
........................................................287
..................287

.....................................................289
Windows 7
Windows..................290
Microsoft Security Essentials .........................293
...........................296
.....................................311

..................................................................314
............................................................315
...........................................................317

10

.........................................318
...........................................................320

.........................................................................332
.....................................341
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............................................. 345
............................. 350

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HDD SATA. : SATAI, SATAII
SATAIII.
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58

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59


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60

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BIOS.

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80

2.

BIOS ,
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POST (power-on self-test).
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82

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2. Windows
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83

84

2.

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92

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BIOS, UEFI (unified extensible firmware interface
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94

2.



BIOS
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96

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98

2.

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BIOS Award

. 2.12. BIOS

99

BIOS

PhoenixBIOS Setup Utility.

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. 2.13.

100

2.


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Defaults Safe.

,

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BIOS (. 2.14). Enter


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Exit Saving Changes
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, .

101

. 2.14.

. 2.15. BIOS

102

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103

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113

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114

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Dr. Web, Outpost, McAfee, Norton . Emsisoft
Online Armor Firewall. AntiMalware Emsisoft Internet
Security Pack,
895 .
COMODO
Firewall (http://www.comodo.com).
,

317

.
Comodo
Internet Security.


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Comodo.
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318

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322

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. 5.24.
COMODO Firewall

323

(. 5.25). COMODO Proactive security


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COMODO Internet Security.

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324

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325

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327

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328

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330

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331

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344

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BIOS Award, AMI Phoenix
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BIOS ROM checksum


error System halted


BIOS.
CMOS

346

1. BIOS Award
()

CMOS battery failed


( ) CMOS.
Press ESC to skip
memory test
, Escape,

HARD DISK INSTALL
FAILURE
HDD . ,
, NONE BIOS
Hard disk(s) diagnosis
fail
Memory test fail

Press TAB to show

POST screen
BIOS , Tab
Primary master hard

disk fail

Disk boot failure, insert .
Enter. system disk and press
,
enter

Error encountered ini- HDD. tializing hard drive

Error initializing hard



drive controller
. ,
Keyboard error or no
keyboard present
.

347

Memory size has


changed since last boot
Offending address not
found




.
,
Press a key to reboot

System halted, (CTRL- , ALT-DEL) to reboot
Ctrl+Alt+Del

2. BIOS AMI

CH-02 Timer Error


,
CMOS Battery State Low CMOS
CMOS Checksum Failure
BIOS Setup
CMOS Memory Size
Mismatch
BIOS.
BIOS Setup
CMOS Time And Date
.
Not Set
BIOS Setup
HDD Controller Failure
. HDD
Insert Bootable Media
. CD/DVD/USB
HDD
K/B Interface Error
.

348

2. BIOS AMI
()

On Board Parity Error


. RAM,

INTR#1 Error

INTR#2 Error

Primary Boot Device Not
Found

Run Setup

BIOS Setup. BIOS
Setup

3. Phoenix BIOS

System Battery is dead


Replace and run SETUP
System CMOS checksum run Setup
Invalid NVRAM media
type
System RAM Failed at
offset: xxxx
Failing Bits: xxxx
System timer error
System cache error
cache disabled


BIOS
CMOS . BIOS Setup
CMOS-.
, BIOS Setup

64
xxxx
xxxx

-.
BIOS Setup

Real-time clock error,


System timer error
Parity check 1 xxxx
Parity check 2 xxxx
Press [F1] to resume,
[F2] to Setup
Fixed Disk Failure
Fixed Disk Controller
Failure
Keyboard error
Keyboard controller
error
Keyboard error: xx
Operation system not
found

349


. ,

.

,

.
F1, BIOS Setup
F2. BIOS Setup

. BIOS Setup,
HDD

BIOS
Setup


( xx).

avast! Free Antivirus,


296
Avira Free Antivirus,
296
B
BIOS,
7990
AMI 8486
Award 82, 84, 98
Phoenix 88, 90, 99
BSoD 170, 171
C
CD/DVDR/RW
.

CHKDSK 168170
COMODO Firewall,
316323
CPU-Z,
82
D
Dr. Web Security Space,
296, 297

E
Emsisoft Anti-Malware,
298, 299,
303, 306, 312
ESET NOD32 Smart
Security,
296, 297
M
Macintosh, 286
S
Sata- 41, 113
SSD 64
U
UAC, 230
UEFI 92, 93
USB- 58, 76,
112, 165, 314
W
Windows, 33, 82,
96, 162190, 210218,
275279

351

Windows Defender,
297

24, 25, 94,


161
71
222, 292
306, 312
200, 201,
208, 243

24, 104,
110
315, 317,
323

- 16, 52
36, 85

.
287291

55

262
133, 153

216218
130135, 144,
198207

39, 104,
114, 162, 179

27

147

62
- 34
46, 77
14, 69, 103, 159
29, 117120

26,
37, 85, 122

352

16, 55

51
4245, 126
130
131
48, 77, 91

18
17


37, 89
57,
69, 167

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329, 344
19
70
71, 143
71, 133
71, 138

21, 2630,
33, 116


160, 182, 208, 333342

4648
77, 90

28, 119

.
51, 52

1620, 48
19

82, 112, 170


185, 223

. USB-

27, 33