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-

681.3.06
- 32 Windows.
. , . , ,
. (DLL). Visual C++.

:

.

. .
Visual C++ .NET. .: -, 2002. 736 : .
ISBN 5-94157-032-5
. . , 2002
, "-", 2002

02429 24.07.00. 28.02.02.


70x100Vi6. . . . . 59,34.
4000 . 629
"-", 198005, -, ., 29.
, 77.99.1.953..950.3.99
01.03.1999 . .

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,
.
198005, -, ., 29.

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1
2
3
7
9

I.

11

1.

13


Windows
MFC

2. ,







3.







II.

4.

13
17
19
20
25
25
29
35
39
40
41
43
55
55
55
69
82
82
87
93
99

101
101

IV

5.


Windows 3.x
Win32
,
Windows







Properties


6.
(GDI)










-
-
7.


CFile CArchive
CFile

110
119
125
136
136
138
141
141
142
143
145
146
148
153
154
154
159
159
162
162
163
165
166
173
173
175
176
179
181
185
189
195
195
202
208
208
218
218
222
232

8.



,

9.




10.





MFC
III.
VISUAL C++

236
236
238
244
250
254
255
256
258
272
285
286
293
294
294
299
309

315

11. , Visual C++

317



Visual C++




C++
C++






,
,

.

....

317
318
320
322
324
326
328
329
333
335
336
338
341
344
344
347
352
353
355
357

VI

12. Windows









13.












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HTML


14.
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ASSERT TRACE





new delete

360
361
361
363
365
366
367
367
369
377
387
387
388
389
403
403
404
407
412
437
441
446
446
473
477
480
481
481
485
486
511
513
513
515
519
524
526
526
528
529
530
531
531
535

VII

15.







MFC
MFC
DHMain


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MFC


16. Internet

538
539
539
540
542
542
543
544
545
547
548
549
550
555
555
562
579
583
587

Winlnet
Web-

587
588

IV.

599

1. -
-



,



2. Visual C + +


Standard

File
.".
File / New
File / Open

601
601
602
603
604
605
605
605
612
612
614
615
617
618
620
...623
625
625
625
628

VIII

File / Close
File / Add New Item File / Add Existing Item
File / Add Project
File / Open Solution
File / Close Solution
File j Save
File / Save As
File / Advanced Save Options
File / Save All
File j Source Control
File / Page Setup
File / Print
:
File / Recent Files
File / Recent Projects
,
File / Exit
Edit...
Edit / Undo
Edit j Redo
Edit j Cut
Edit I Copy
Edit / Paste
Edit / Delete
Edit / Select All
Edit / Find and Replace
Edit / Go To
Edit/ Insert File As Text...
Edit / Advanced
Edit / Bookmarks
Edit / Outlining
Edit j IntelliSense
View
View / Open
View j Open With
View / Solution Explorer
View / Class View
View / Server Explorer
View / Resource View
View / Properties Window
View / Toolbox
View / Web Browser
View / Other Windows
View / Show Tasks
View / Toolbars
View / Full Screen
View / Navigate Backward
View / Navigate Forward
View / Property Pages

630
630
630
631
631
632
632
632
633
633
634
634
635
635
635
636
636
637
637
638
638
638
638
638
647
647
648
650
651
655
657
657
657
657
659
659
659
:...659
661
661
661
662
662
662
664
664
664


Project
Project / Add Class
Project / Add Function
Project / Add Variable
?
Project / Add Resource
Project / Add New Item
Project / Add Existing Item
Project / New Folder
Project / Unload Project
Project / Add Web Reference
Project / Set as StartUp Project
Project / Properties
Build
Build / Build
Build / Rebuild All....
Build / Clean
Build / Batch Build
Build / Configuration Manager
Build / Compile
Build / Deploy
Debug

Debug / Windows
Debug / Start
Debug / Break All
Debug / Stop Debugging
Debug / Detach All
Debug / RestaiX
Debug / Apply Code Changes
Debug / Processes
Debug / Exceptions
Debug / Step Into
Debug / Step Over
Debug / Step Out
Debug / QuickWatch
Debug / New Breakpoint
Debug / Clear All Breakpoints
Debug / Disable Breakpoint
Debug / Save Dump As
Tools
Tools / Debug Processes
Tools / Connect to Database
Tools / Connect to Server
Tools / Customize Toolbox
Tools / Add-in Manager
Tools / Build Comment Web Pages...:
Tools / Macros

IX

664
666
666
666
668
668
669
669
669
670
670
671
671
671
671
672
672
673
673
673
673
673
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675
675
675
675
675
675
676
676
676
677
677
677
679
679
679
679
680
680
680
680
681
683
684


Tools / ActiveX Control Test Container
Tools / Create GUID
Tools / Error Lookup
Tools / MFC/ATL Trace Tool
Tools / OLE/COM Object Viewer
Tools / Spy++
Tools / External Tools
Tools / Customize
Tools / Options
Window...;
Window / New Window
Window / Split
Window / Dockable
Window / Hide
Window / Floating
Window / Auto Hide
,
Window / Auto Hide All
Window / New Horizontal Tab Group
Window / New Vertical Tab Group
Window / Move to Next Tab Group
Window / Move to Previous Tab Group
Window / Close All Documents

Window / Windows
Help
i Help / Dynamic Help
Help / Contents
Help / Index
Help / Search
Help / Index results
Help / Search results

Visual Studio.NET
Solution Explorer
Class View
Properties
Watch
Breakpoints

684
684
686
686
687
687
:.687
689
689
691
691
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692
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694
694
695
695
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696
696
696
697
698
698
699
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700
701
701
701
704
704
705

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void CMainFrame::Dump(CDumpContexts dc) const
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int CMainFrame::OnCreate(LPCREATESTRUCT lpCreateStruct)
{
if (CMDIFrameWnd::OnCreate(lpCreateStruct) == -1)
return -1;
if ( !m_wndToolBar.CreateEx(this, TBSTYLE_FLAT, WS_CHILD I WS__VISIBLE I
CBRS_TOP t CBRS GRIPPER | CBRS_TOOLTIPS I CBRS_FLYBY I
CBRS SIZE DYNAMIC) || !m wndToolBar.LoadToolBar(IDR MAINFRAME))


TRACEO("Failed to create toolbar\n");
return -1; // fail to create

if (!m_wndStatusBar.Create(this) II
!m_wndStatusBar.SetIndicators(indicators,
sizeof(indicators)/sizeof(UINT)))
f
TRACEO("Failed to create status bar\n");
return - 1 ;

// fail to create

// TODO: Delete these three lines if you don't want the toolbar to
// be dockable
m_wndToolBar.EnableDocking(CBRS_ALIGN_ANY);
EnableDocking (CBRS__ALIGN_ANY) ;
DockControlBar(&m_wndToolBar);
return 0;

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Visual Studio.NET
:
IBM PC Intel Pentium II 450 ; 256 ;
3 ;
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Microsoft ; Windows 98, Windows
ME, Windows NT Windows 2000.
, .

1.
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A project for creating an application with a Wn


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Name:

I WindowsApplicationl

Location:

E:\Documents and Settings\Nick\fvly Documents\Visual- jl

Browse...

Project wil be created at E:\,. ,\Nick\My Documents\Visual Studio Projects\WindowsApplicationl,


More

. 1.1. New Project

1.

15

2. Project Types ( ) Visual C + + Projects ( Visual C++). New Project


( ) , . 1.2.

Xemplates:

Project Types:
I Visual Basic Projects
| Visual C# Projects

] ATL Project ATL Server ATL Server


i
Project
Web Service

j Setup and Deployment Project5


[J Otfw Projects
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Project

A project that uses the Active Template Library.


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^ Add to Solution

Browse...

(' Close Solution

Project wil be created at E;\...\Administrator\My Documents\Visual Studio Projects\<Enter name>.


*More

OK

"

Cancel

. 1.2. Visual C++ Projects


3.

Templates () MFC Application ( MFC), Name ()


"Dialog" . MFC Application
Wizard - Dialog ( MFC), . 1.3.

4. Application Type ( ). MFC


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5. Application type ( ) Dialog based () Finish ().
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. 1.5.
Visual Studio.NET Toolbox
(), .
Toolbox () 3,
.

I.

16

Welcome to the MFC Application Wizard


This wizard generates an MFC application project with the properties you specify.

These are the current project settings:


Multiple document interface
No database support
rjo compound document support

Application Type

Compound Document Support Click Finish from any window to accept the current settings.
Document Template Strings After you create the project, see the project's readme.txt file for information
about the project features and files that are generated.
Database Support
User Interface Features
Advanced Features
Generated Classes

"finish" j] Cancel

J1?!E

. 1.. MFC Application Wizard - Dialog


IMFC Application Wteard aloe
i Application Type
J Specify Document/View architecture support, language, and interface style options for your
application,
Application type:
lication Type
Compound Document Support
Document Template Strings
Database Support
User Interface Features
'... Advanced Features
:

Project style:

" Single document

Windows Explorer

*'* Multiple documents

(i MFC standard

Dialog based

P Multiple top-level documents

Use of MFC:
(V Use MFC in a shared DLL
Use MFC in a static library

W Document/View architecture support


Resource language:
I English (United States)

Generated Classes

. 1.4. Application Type

1.
'.. Dialog -Microsoft W5Ualt++[desion1
file Edit

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Windows
Windows ,
MDI (Multiple Document Interface,
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Windows, .
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Windows
MFC Application Wizard:
1. File | New |
Project ( | | ) New Project (
) Standard (). New Project ( ).
2.

Project Types ( ) Visual C++ Projects ( Visual C++).

I.

18

3. Templates () MFC Application


( MFC), Name ()
"MD1" . MFC Application
Wizard ( MFC).
4. Application Type ( ).
5.
), Finish
Wizard

Multiple documents (
(). MFC Application
,
.

6. . Debug | Start ( | ) <F5>.


Microsoft Development Environment (. 1.6), ', .
Rfflffifffi i'f **
These project conhguration(s) are out of date:
MDI - Debug Win32
Would you like to build them?
Cancel

Help

. 1.6.
M i c r o s o f t D e v e l o p m e n t Environment

. 1.7.

1.

19

7. Yes (). Visual C++


. , . 1.7.
, . , .
.

MFC
Application Type ( ) MFC Application Wizard ( MFC)
: Single document ( )
Multiple top-level documents ( ).
Windows.
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File Edit Ve
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Ready
. 1.8.
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20

I.

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File () Exit (). Close ().


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Studio 7.0, .
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1.

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Windows 95 , | |
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2. Project Types ( ) Visual C++ Projects ( Visual C++).
3.

Templates () Win32 Project (


Win32), Name () "Console"
. Win32 Application Wizard Console ( Win32), . 1.9.

4.

Application Settings ( ).
Win32 Application Wizard ( Win32)
, . 1.10.

5. Application type ( )
Console application ( ) Finish
(). Win32 Application Wizard
.
6. Solution Explorer ( )
Console.. , , Win32 Application
Wizard.
7. Console. 1.1.

I.

22
Win32 Application Wteard

Welcome to the Win32 Application Wizard


This wizard generates a Win3Z application project. The project can be a console application, a
Windows application, a DLL, or a static library:
These are the current project settings:
Windows application
Click Finish from any window to accept the current settings,
After you create the project, see the project's readme.txt file for information
about the project features and file? that are generated.

Finish

Cancel

Help

. 1.9. Win32 Application Wizard - Console

Win32 WuatH

Application Settings
Specify the type of application you will build with this project and the options or libraries you
want supported.
Application type:

Add support for:

Console application

;.

i*" Windows|.application:

?* DLL
("' Static library
Additional options:
F~ Empty project

Finish

Cancel

. 1.10. Application Settings

Help

1.

23

I 1.1. Console.cpp
// Console.cpp
II/11/I I/1111/1 III 111111/11111 III I/II IIIII/III/II/I///111//III III III
#include "stdafx.h"
#include <iostream.h>
int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
{
cout << "Are you ready to terminate?" << endl;
char

szText[256];

cin >> szText;


return 0;

<F5> .
, . 1.11.

| e:\documents and semas\

***> ".'- .

1- jpou ready to terminate?

. 1 . 1 1 .

9.

"Yes" <Enter>.
.
2 . 629

24

I.

: .
, . , , .
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MFC, MFC
Add support for ( ). ,
, .


Windows MFC /. ,
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, , ,
CDocument, , , .
, cview,
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,

Windows.
, MFC, , cwinApp. , .


, 1.
MDI
. ,

.
, MFC Class Wizard . 2.1 MDIDoc.h, .
.

26

I.

\ 2.1. MDIDoc.h

// MDIDoc.h CMDIDoc

#pragma once
class CMDIDoc : public CDocument
(
protected: //
CMDIDoc() ;
DECLARE_DYNCREATE (CMDIDoc)
//
public:
//
public:
//
public:
virtual BOOL OnNewDocument();
virtual void Serialize(CArchives ar);
//
public:
virtual ~CMDIDoc();
#ifdef _DEBUG
virtual void AssertValidf) const;
virtual void Dump(CDumpContextS dc) const;
#endif
protected:
//
protected:
DECLARE_MESSAGE MAP()

CDocument, .

2. ,

27

. ,
.
MFC . ,
. ,
/
, . 5.
,
MDIDoc.cpp, 2.2.
j 2.2. MDIDoc.cpp
// MDIDoc.cpp CMDIDoc

#include "stdafx.h"
#include "MDI.h"
#include "MDIDoc.h"
tifdef _DEBUG
#define new DEBUG_NEW
#endif
// CMDIDoc
IMPLEMENTJ3YNCREATE(CMDIDoc, CDocument)
BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CMDIDoc, CDocument)
END__MESSAGE__MAP ()
// CMDIDoc
CMDIDoc::CMDIDoc()
// :
}
CMDIDoc::-CMDIDoc()

28

I.

BOOL CMDIDoc::OnNewDocument()
{
if (!CDocument::OnNewDocument())
return FALSE;
// :
// (
// )
return TRUE;

// CMDIDoc
void CMDIDoc: :Serialize (CArchives. ar)
if (ar .IsStoring () )
// :
else
// :
}
}
// CMDIDoc
#ifdef _DEBUG
void CMDIDoc::AssertValid() const
CDocument::AssertValid() ;

void CMDIDoc::Dump(CDumpContextS dc) const


CDocument::Dump(dc);
#endif //J3EBUG
// CMDIDoc

2.2, . , -

2. ,

29

, ,
, .
,
, , , - .
C D o c u m e n t : : OnNewDocument , -

, , File |
New ( | , ).

. ,
.
New ()
.
, New ()
. .
cobject: ^Serialize
.
CArchive, , ,

.
CArchive ,
, , , , , CArchive: :IsStoring, BO3 TRUE, , FALSE,
. , , .
c o b j e c t : : A s s e r t v a l i d .
c o b j e c t : :Dump CDumpContext.
Assertvalid Dump ,
jfifdef _DEBUG #endif. , , , , .
14.


. 2.3 MDIView.h,
.

30

I.

I 2.3. MDIView.h
// MDIView.h CMDIView
//
#pragma once
class CMDIView : public CView
{

protected: //
CMDIView();
DECLARE_DYNCREATE(CMDIView)
//
public:
CMDIDoc* GetDocument () const;
//
public:
//
public:
virtual void OnDraw(CDC* pDC);

//
//
virtual BOOL PreCreateWindow(CREATESTRUCTs cs) ;
protected:
virtual BOOL OnPreparePrinting(CPrintlnfo* plnfo);
virtual void OnBeginPrinting(CDC* pDC, CPrintlnfo* plnfo);
virtual void OnEndPrinting(CDC* pDC, CPrintlnfo* plnfo);
//
public:
virtual -CMDIView();
#ifdef _DEBUG
virtual void AssertValid() const;
virtual void Dump(CDumpContexts dc) const;
#endif
protected:
//
protected:

2. ,

31

DECLARE MESSAGE MAP()

# i f n d e f _DEBUG

// MDlView.cpp

i n l i n e CMDIDoc* CMDIView::GetDocument()

const

{ r e t u r n reinterpret_cast<CMDIDoc*>(m_pDocument);

#endif

CMDIView cview, . ,
CMDIDOC, , ,
. , , . .
, MDlView.cpp, 2.4.
2.4. MDlView.cpp
// MDlView.cpp CMDIView

#include "stdafx.h"
tinclude "MDI.h"
#include "MDIDoc.h"
tinclude "MDIView.h"
#ifdef _DEBUG
tdefine new DEBUG_NEW
#endif
// CMDIView
IMPLEMENT_DYNCREATE(CMDIView, CView)
BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CMDIView, CView)
//
ON_COMMAND(ID_FILE_PRINT, CView: -.OnFilePrint)
ON COMMAND(ID FILE PRINT DIRECT, CView::OnFilePrint)

32

I.

ON_COMMAND(ID_FILE_PRINT_PREVIEW, CView::OnFilePrintPreview)
END_MESSAGE_MAP()
// CMDIView
CMDIView::CMDIView()
// :
}
CMDIView::-CMDIView()

BOOL CMDIView::PreCreateWindow(CREATESTRUCT& cs)


{
// :
// CREATESTRUCT cs
return CView::PreCreateWindow(cs);

// CMDIView
void CMDIView: :OnDraw(CDC* /*pDCV)
{
CMDIDoc* pDoc = GetDocument();
ASSERT_VALID(pDoc);
// :

// CMDIView
BOOL CMDIView::OnPreparePrinting(CPrintlnfo* plnfo)
{
//
return DoPreparePrinting(plnfo);

void CMDIView::OnBeginPrinting(CDC* /*pDC*/, CPrintlnfo* /*plnfo*/)

2. ,

33

II :
}
void CMDIView::OnEndPrinting(CDC* /*pDC*/, CPrintlnfo* /*plnfo*/)
{
// :

// CMDIView
#ifdef _DEBUG
void CMDIView::AssertValid() const
{
CView::AssertValid();

void CMDIView::Dump(CDumpContextS dc) const


{
CView::Dump(dc);

CMDIDoc* CMDIView::GetDocument() const //


//
{
ASSERT(m_pDocument->IsKindOf(RUNTIME_CLASS(CMDIDoc)));
return (CMDIDoc*)m_pDocument;
)
#endif //_DEBUG
// CMDIView
2.4, ' . , , ,
, .
CMDiview ID_FILE_PRINT, ID_FILE_PRINT_DIRECT
ID_FILE_PRINT_PREVIEW. CView: :OnFilePrint CView: :OnFilePrintPreview.
,
.

34

I.

cwnd: : PreCreatewindow
, cwnd.
PreCreatewindow
.
cview: :OnDraw

. (GDI)
onDraw .
6,
10.
OnDraw, 2.4, . CMDIDOC,
cview: :GetDocument.
/,
.
CDocument, .
, .
.
onDraw ASSERT_VALID,
. , MFC, . A s s e r t v a l i d
. ,
, , ASSERT A s s e r t v a l i d .
14.

CView::OnPreparePrinting,

CView::OnBeginPrinting

cview: :onEndPrinting
.
10.
CMDiview, , CMDIDOC
CObject::Assertvalid CObject::Dump,
. , GetDocument. , '
: , ,
,
(inline).
GetDocument ,
, , , .

2. ,

35


.
, ,
,
. , .



.
? , .
, , ,
,
. ,
, .
* .
MDI.cpp, CMDIAPP,
2.5.
! 2.5. MDI.cpp
// MDI.cpp .

tinclude"stdafx.h"
#include"MDI.h"
#include"MainFrm.h"
#include"ChildFrm.h"
tinclude"MDIDoc.h"
tinclude"MDIView.h"
#ifdef_DEBUG
#definenewDEBUG_NEW
#endif
// CMDIApp

36

I.

BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CMDIApp, CWinApp)
ON__COMMAND(ID_APP_ABOUT, OnAppAbout)
//
ON_COMMAND(ID_FILE_NEW, CWinApp::OnFileNew)
ON_COMMAND(ID_FILE_OPEN, CWinApp::OnFileOpen)
//
ON_COMMAND(ID_FILE_PRINT_SETUP, CWinApp::OnFilePrintSetup)
END_MESSAGE_MAP()
// CMDIApp
CMDIApp::CMDIApp()
// : .
//
// InitInstance

// CMDIApp
CMDIApp theApp;
// CMDIApp
BOOL CMDIApp::Initlnstance()
{
CWinApp::Initlnstance();
// OLE
if {!AfxOleInit())
{
AfxMessageBox(IDP_OLE_INIT_FAILED);
return FALSE;
)
AfxEnableControlContamer () ;
// /
//
// ,
// .
// ,
// .
// : -
// , ,

2. ,
SetRegistryKey (JT ("Local AppWizard-Generated Applications"));
LoadStdProfileSettings(4); // INI
// ( )
// .
// ,
CMultiDocTemplate* pDocTemplate;
pDocTemplate = new CMultiDocTemplate(IDR_MDITYPE,
RUNTIME_CLASS(CMDIDoc),
RUNTIME_CLASS(CChildFrame),

//
//

RUNTIME_CLASS(CMDIView));
AddDocTemplate(pDocTemplate);
//
CMainFrame* pMainFrame = new CMainFrame;
if (!pMainFrame->LoadFrame (IDR_MAINFRAME) )
return FALSE;
m_pMainWnd = pMainFrame;
// , ,
// MDI m_pMainWnd
// DragAcceptFiles.
// ,
//
CCommandLinelnfo cmdlnfo;
ParseCommandLine(cmdlnfo);
//
//
//
if

.
/RegServer, /Register, /Unregserver
/Unregister, FALSE,
(!ProcessShellCommand(cmdlnfo))

return FALSE;
//
pMainFrame->ShowWindow(m_nCmdShow);
pMainFrame->UpdateWindow() ;
return TRUE;

// CAboutDlg
class CAboutDlg : public CDialog
i

37

38

I.

public:
CAboutDlg();
//
enum { IDD = IDD_ABOUTBOX } ;
protected:
virtual void DoDataExchange(CDataExchange* pDX); // DDX/DDV
//
protected:
DECLARE_MESSAGE_MAP ()

CAboutDlg::CAboutDlg() : CDialog(CAboutDlg::IDD)

void CAboutDlg::DoDataExchange(CDataExchange* pDX)


{
CDialog::DoDataExchange(pDX) ;
}
BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP (CAboutDlg, CDialog)
END_MESSAGE_MAP()
//
void CMDIApp::OnAppAbout()
CAboutDlg aboutDlg;
aboutDlg.DoModal();
}
// CMDIApp
CMDIApp cwinApp, , ,
cwinThread. ,
.
32- Windows 16 , ""

2. ,

39

. , . 16- Windows ,

. .
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. , ,
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AfxEnableControiContainer,
OLE.
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L o a d s t d P r o f i i e S e t t i n g s
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, i n i t i n s t a n c e
.

I.

40
I&RichApp - RichAppl ;; ? 8 1 ^
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i w Format Wn
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New
Ctrl+N
Open...
Ctrl+O
Close
Save
Ctrl+S
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2 E:\Mrai AOKyMeHTb\lFIR5T\Thrid

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4 :\ AOKyMeHTbi\FIRST\Rrst
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.

2. ,

41


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. , , ,
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CFrameWnd, CFrameWnd: :LoadFrame,

42

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mpMainwnd, .
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,
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13,
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MFC Application Wizard , . .
MDI.
MDI :
1. File | Open Solution ( | ). Open Solution ( ),
. 2.2.
2. MDI
MDI. .
3. View | Class View ( | ) <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<C>. Class View MDI ( ), . 2.3.
4. Class View ( )
MDI Add | Add
Class ( | ). Add Class MDI ( ), . 2.4.

I.

44
I Open Solution
Look in: | ' [ Visual Studio Project;
_ l Brush
I Console
History

_JDateTime
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ZJDIB

My Projects

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f-J

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Cancel

2. ,

45

I Add Class-MDI
Templates:
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ATL
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Add an MFC class,


Open

Cancel

Help

. 2 . 4 . Add Class - M D I

I MFC Class Wizard - MDI

Welcome to the MFC Class Wizard


This wizard adds a class that inherits from MFC to your project. Options may change
depending on the base class selected.
DHTMl resource ID:

Automation
Creatable by type ID

"

Finish I Cancel
. 2 . 5 . MFC Class Wizard - M D I

Help

I.

46

5. Templates () MFC Class ( MFC)


Open (). MFC Class Wizard - MDI ( MFC), . 2.5.
6. Class name ( ) CMyDoc, Base class ( )
CDocument Finish ().
.
7. .. 46 CMyView,
CView.

8. Class View ( ) MDI, CMDiApp, . 2.6,


i n i t i n s t a n c e . MDI.cpp,
.

!MDI
Global Functions and Variables
Eg Macros and Constants
<>% CAboutDIg
* CChildFrarne
' CMainFrame
Bases and Interfaces
* Maps
CMDIApp(void)
$ Initlnstance(void)
OnAppAbout(void)
*>* CMDIDoc
* CMDIView
* J CMyDoc
* f CMyView
+

. 2.6. MDI
9. i n i t i n s t a n c e 2.6.
I 2.6. I n i t i n s t a n c e
// CMDIApp
BOOL CMDIApp::Initinstance()
CWinApp::Initinstance();

2. ,
II OLE
if ( .'AfxOlelnit )
{

AfxMessageBox (IDP__OLE_INIT_FAILED) ;
return FALSE;
}
AfxEnableControlContainer();

//
//
// ,
// .
// ,
// .
// : -
// , ,
//
SetRegistryKey(_T("Local AppWizard-Generated Applications"));
LoadStdProfileSettings(4);

// INI

// ( )
// .
// ,
CMultiDocTemplate* pDocTemplate;
pDocTemplate = new CMultiDocTemplate(IDR_MDITYPE,
RUNTIME_CLASS(CMDIDoc),
RUNTIME_CLASS(CChildFrame),

//
//

RUNTIME_CLASS(CMDIView));
AddDocTemplate(pDocTemplate);

CMultiDocTemplate* pMyDocTemplate;
pMyDocTemplate = new CMultiDocTemplate(IDR_MYTYPE,
RUNTIME_CLASS(CMyDoc),
RUNTIME_CLASS(CChildFrame),

//
//

RUNTIME_CLASS(CMyView));
AddDocTemplate(pMyDocTemplate);
//
CMainFrame* pMainFrame = new CMainFrame;

47

48

I.

if (!pMainFrame->LoadFrame(IDR_MAINFRAME))
return FALSE;
m pMainWnd = pMainFrame;
// , ,
// MDI m_pMainWnd
// DragAcceptFiles.
// ,
//
CCommandLinelnfo cmdlnfo;
ParseCommandLine(cmdlnfo);
// .
// /RegServer, /Register, /Unregserver
// /Unregister, FALSE,
if ( ! ProcessShellCommand(cmdlnfo))
return E'ALSE;
//
pMainFrame->ShowWindow(m_nCmdShow);
pMainFrame->UpdateWindow() ;
return TRUE;

10. MDI.cpp #inciude "MDiview.h" :


#include "MyDoc.h"
#include "MyView.h"
11. Class View ( ) cMyview. MyView.h.
12. 2.7.
I 2.7 MyView.h
ttpragma once
#include "MyDoc.h"
// CMyView
class CMyView : public CView
{
DECLARE DYNCREATE(CMyView)

2. ,

49

protected:
CMyView();

// ,
//
virtual -CMyView();

//
public:
CMyDoc* GetDocument() const;
public:
virtual void OnDraw(CDC* pDC); //
#ifdef J3EBUG
virtual void AssertValid() const;
virtual void Dump(CDumpContextS dc) const;
#endif
protected:
DECLARE MESSAGE MAP()

ttifndef DEBUG
// MyView.cpp
inline CMyDoc* CMyView::GetDocument() const
{ return (CMyDoc*)m_pDocuraent; }
#endif
13. Class View ( ) CMyView
OnDraw.
MyView.cpp,
.
14.

OnDraw 2.8.

I 2.8 OnDraw

// CMyView
void CMyView::OnDraw(CDC* pDC)
CMyDoc* pDoc = GetDocument()
' ASSERT_VALID(pDoc) ;

I.

50

15. Dump , 2.9.


! 2.9 GetDocument
CMyDoc* CMyView::GetDocument() const

//
//

{
ASSERT(m_pDocument->IsKindOf(RUNTIME_CLASS(CMyDoc))) ;
r e t u r n (CMyDoc*)m_pDocument;

16. View | Resource View ( | )


<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<E>. Resource View ( ).
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MDI.rc
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Import (). Import.
19. /res
Files of type ( ) Icon Files ( ).
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22. ID ( ) IDR_MYTYPE.

52

I.

23. Resource View ( ) String Table


( )
String Table ( ). .
24. IDR_MDITYPE Caption ()

"\nMDI\nMDI\nMDI
Documents
*.mdi\n.mdi\nMDI.Document\
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EXT
CAP
NUM
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Open an existing dcicument\nOpen
Close the active document\nOose
Save the active document\nSave
Save the active document with a new name\ri5ave As
Change the printing optionst.riPage Setup
Change the printer and printing options\nPrint Setup
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2. ,

53

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// Dialog

IDD_DIALOGJ3IALOG DIALOGEX 0, 0, 320, 200


STYLE DS_MODALFRAME | WS_POPUP I WS_VISIBLE I WS__CAPTION
WS_SYSMENU
EXSTYLE WS_EX_APPWINDOW
CAPTION " "
FONT 8, "MS Sans Serif"
BEGIN
DEFPUSHBUTTON "OK",IDOK,263,7, 50, 14
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Dialog Editor . 3.11 ( ).

. 3 . 1 1 . Dialog Editor

(Test Dialog ( ), <Ctrl+T>) Dialog Editor ( ),


, , ,
. .
, , , , <Esc>.


. : Align Lefts
( ), Align Rights ( ), Align
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CDiaiogDlg.
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( , . .).

:
1.


ControlEvents ( )
Properties (). ,
.

I.

70

2. CBNCLOSEUP .
OnCbnCloseupCombo, . 3.12. .
.

IDC_COMBO (Combo-box Tontrol) :Combcc-lio>

CBN_D6LJi.K

<Add> OnCbnCo
l seupCombo

CBNJ3ROPDOWN '
CB('J_EDITCHANGE
: CBN_EDITUPDATE
: CBN.ERRSPACE
]
CBN.KILLFOCUS
'. XBN SELCHANGE
:CBN_CLOSEUP

i Indicates list box of combo box has closed


. 3 . 1 2 . P r o p e r t i e s

3. . 2 CBN_EDITCHANGE.
OnCbnEditchangeCombo.
4.
ControlEvents ( ) Properties
(). , .
5. . 2 UDNDELTAPOS. OnDeltaposSpin.
, :
1. View | Class View ( | ) <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<C>. Class View ( ). - ,
Resource View ( ),
.
2. Dialog ( ), , CDialogDlg.
3. Add | Add Variable
( | ). Add Member
Variable Wizard - Dialog ( ), . 3.I3.

3.

71

JAdd Member Variable Wizard^iialeg^;"f " '^^^^


Welcome to the Add Member Variable Wizard
This wizard adds a member variable to your class, struct, or union.
Access:
Variable type:
J
Variable name:
I

I-

I
Comment (// notation not required):
I

I
J

Finish

Cancel

H
pel|

. 3.13. Add Member Variable Wizard - Dialog


4. Control variable ( ,
). Control ID
( ) Control type (
).
5. Control ID ( ) IDC_EDIT_BOX.
6. Category () Value
(), Variable type ( ) UINT, Variable name
( ) m_Edit Finish (). Add Member Variable Wizard ( ) .
7. .. 5 6 IDCBUDDY,
m_Buddy.
8. .. 5 6 IDCCOMBO,
m_Combo.
c s t r i n g ,
Variable type ( ) .

72

I.

9. .. 5 6 IDCSAVE,
' mSave.
BOOL, Variable type ( ) .
10. .. 5 6 ID_EDIT_SWITCH,
mSwitch. Variable type ( ) BOOL, int.
. .
11. CDiaiogDig. Class View - Dialog ( )
, . 3.14.

Dialog
Global Functions and Variables
s Macros and Constants
* CAboutDIg
* CDa
io
l gApp
*J Bases and Interfaces
Maps
i
tf> _unnamed_8c976fbf_l
!
CDa
io
l gDg
l (CWnd *pParent = 0)
;
<^> DoDataExchange(CDataExchange *pDX)
i
OnCbnCloseupCorribo(void)
OnCbnEditchangeCombo(void)
OnDetlaposSpn
i (NMHDR *pNMHDR, LRESULT *pRe
<J> OnlnitDialog(void)
OnPaint(void)
<Jt OnQueryDraglcon(void)
<j* OnSysCommand(UINT nID, LPARAM IParam)
11 m_Buddy
t> m_Combo
i m_Edit
y^ 1 m_hlcon
?" m_5ave
p m_Switch

. 3.14. Class View - Dialog


. 3.14, CDiaiogDig .
, , .
.
3.2.

3.
I 3.2.
// DialogDlg.h
//
#pragma once
// CDialogDlg
class CDialogDlg : public CDialog
\
II
public:
CDialogDlg(CWnd* pParent = NULL); //
//
enum ( IDD = IDD_DIALOG_DIALOG } ;
protected:
virtual void DoDataExchange(CDataExchange* pDX); // DDX/DDV
//
protected:
HICON mjhlcon;
//
virtual BOOL OnlnitDialog0 ;
afxjnsg void OnSysCommand(UINT nID, LPARAM lParam);
afxjnsg void OnPaint();
afx_msg HCURSOR OnQueryDraglconf) ;
DECLARE_MESSAGE_ MAP ()
public:
afxjnsg void OnCbnCloseupCombo() ;
afxjnsg void OnCbnEditchangeCombo();
afxjnsg void OnDeltaposSpin(NMHDR *pNMHDR, LRESULT *pResult);
UINT m_Edit;
UINT m_Buddy;
CString m_Comt)o;
BOOL mjSave;
int mjSwitch;
\

73_
:

I.
3.2, , , Properties (), .
, .

. , , , .
.
DialogDlg.cpp , About,
. 3.3 ,
. , MFC Class Wizard, .
| 3.3.
II " CDialogDlg
CDialogDlg::CDialogDlg(CWnd* pParent /*=NULL*/)
: CDialog(CDialogDlg::IDD, pParent)
, m_Edit(0)
, m_Buddy(0)
, m_Combo(_T("") )
, m_Save(FALSE)
, m_Switch(0)
{
m_hlcon = AfxGetApp()->LoadIcon(IDR_MAINFRAME) ;

void CDialogDlg::DoDataExchange(CDataExchange* pDX)


{
CDialog::DoDataExchange(pDX);
DDXJText(pDX, IDC_EDIT_BOX, m_Edit);
DDX__Text (pDX, IDC_BUDDY, m_Buddy) ;
DDX_CBString(pDX, IDC_COMBO, m_Combo);
DDX__Check (pDX, IDC_SAVE, m_Save) ;
DDX_Radio(pDX, IDC_EDIT_SWITCH, m_Switch);

3.
BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CDialogDlg, C D i a l o g )
ON_WM_SYSCOMMAND ()
ON_WM__PAINT ()
ON_WM_QUERYDRAGICON()
//)}AFX_MSG_MAP
ON_CBN_CLOSEUP(IDC_COMBO, OnCbnCloseupCombo)
ON_CBN_EDITCHANGE(IDCJ3OMBO, OnCbnEditchangeCombo)
ON_NOTIFY(UDN_DELTAPOS,

IDC_SPIN, OnDeltaposSpin)

END_MESSAGE_MAP()

// CDialogDlg
BOOL CDialogDlg::OnInitDialog()
{
CDialog::OnInitDialog();
// "About..." .
// IDM_ABOUTBOX '
// .
ASSERT((IDM_ABOUTBOX & OxFFFO) = IDM_ABOUTBOX) ;
ASSERT(IDM^ABOUTBOX < OxFOOO);
CMenu* pSysMenu = GetSystemMenu(FALSE);
if (pSysMenu != NULL)
{
CString StrAboutMenu;
strAboutMenu.LoadString(IDS_ABOUTBOX);
if (!StrAboutMenu.IsEmpty())
{
pSysMenu->AppendMenu(MF_SEPARATOR);
pSysMenu->AppendMenu(MF STRING, IDM_ABOUTBOX, strAboutMenu);

// .
// ,
//
Setlcon(m_hlcon, TRUE);
Setlcon(m hlcon, FALSE);

//
//

75

76

I.

II
return TRUE;

// TRUE,
//

}
void CDialogDlg::OnSysCommand(UINT nID, LPARAM lParam)
if ((nID & OxFFFO) == IDM_ABOUTBOX)
CAboutDlg dlgAbout;
dlgAbout.DoModal();
else
CDialog::OnSysCommand(nID, lParam);
}

//
//
//
//

,
.
, /,
.

void CDialogDlg::OnPaint()
if (IsIconicO)
CPaintDC dc(this);

//

SendMessage(WM_ICONERASEBKGND, reinterpret_cast<WPARAM>(dc.GetSafeHdc()) , 0) ;
//
int cxlcon = GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXICON);
int cylcon = GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYICON);
CRect rect;
GetClientRect(srect) ;
int x = (rect.Width() - cxlcon + 1 ) / 2;
int = (rect.Height() - cylcon + 1 ) / 2 ;

3.

77

//
dc.DrawIcon(, , m hlcon);
else

CDialog::OnPaint

();

// ,
// .
HCURSOR CDialogDlg::OnQueryDragIcon()
{
return static_cast<HCURSOR>(m_hlcon);

void CDialogDlg::OnCbnCloseupCombo(void)
//
}
void CDialogDlg::OnCbnEditchangeCombo(void)
//

void CDialogDlg::OnDeltaposSpin(NMHDR *pNMHDR, LRESULT *pResult)


NM_UPDOWN* pNMUpDown = (NMJJPDOWN*)pNMHDR;
//
*pResult = 0;

.
3.3, .
.

3.4.

78

I.

\ 3.4.

CDialogDlg::CDialogDlg(CWnd* pParent /*=NULL*/)


: CDialog(CDialogDlg::IDD, pParent)
, m_Edit(64)
, m_Buddy(32)

;
J

, m_Combo(_T("1024"))
, m_Save(TRUE)
, m_Switch(0)
{
m_hlcon = AfxGetAppO ->LoadIcon(IDR_MAINFRAME) ;
}
.
3.5.

; 3.5.
//
void CDialogDlg::OnCbnCloseupCombo(void)
{
UpdateData();

//

if( m_Save )
//
if( m_Switch ) //
SetDlgltemText( IDC_BUDDY, m_Combo );
else //
SetDlgltemText( IDC_EDIT_BOX, m_Combo );
UpdateData;

//

}
//
//
void CDialogDlg::OnCbnEditchangeCombo(void)
{
UpdateData();
//

3.

79

if ( m_Save )
//
if( m_Switch ) //
SetDlgltemText { IDC_BUDDY, m_Comk>o );
else //
SetDlgltemText ( IDC_EDIT_BOX, m__Combo ) ;
UpdateData();

//

//
void CDialogDlg::OnDeltaposSpin(NMHDR *pNMHDR, LRESULT *pResult)
{
NM_UPDOWN* pNMUpDown = (NM_UPDOWN*)pNMHDR;
pNMUpDown-> iDelta = -pNMUpDown-> iDelta;
*pResult = 0;

'

, Debug |
Start ( | ) <F5>. -
Microsoft Development Environment, . 3.15.
, , .

I Microsoft Developments
These project configuration(s) are out of date;
Dialog - Debug Win32
Would you like to build them?
Yes

No

Cancel

Help

. 3.15.
Microsoft Development Environment
Yes (). , . 3.16.
. 3.16, ,
, .
TRUE m s a v e ?.
mSwitch
( ). ,
mcombo, -

I.

80

. mBuddy , , m E d i t
.



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3.

81

. ,
. , , , .
.
.
oncbncioseupcombb,
, OnCbnEditchangeCombo,
, . cwnd: :UpdateData, , ,
CWnd: : DoDataExchange, -

. , ?
.
cwnd: :SetDigitemText.
,
updateData.


OnCbnCloseupCombo OnCbnEditchangeCombo . , , .
OnCbnEditchangeCombo ,
OnCbnCloseupCombo .

?. , , .

. 256 100.
, , , 0 100. c s p i n B u t t o n c t r l SetRange.

OnDeitaposSpin.
. , MFC ,
,
, Microsoft,
Word, . .

82

I.


Microsoft , , , Next ()
Back (). , ,
Visual C++.


,
, Sheet ,
.
,
:
1. Sheet,
, 1.
2. View | Class View ( | ) <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<C>. Class View ( ). .
3. Sheet Add | Add Class ( | ).
Add Class - Sheet ( ),
. 3.17.
4. Templates () MFC Class ( MFC)
Open (). MFC Class Wizard - Sheet ( MFC), . 3.18.
5. Base class: ( ) cpropertyPage, Class name ( )
cpagei Finish ().
6. .. 35 2 .
7. .. 34, Base class (
) cpropertysheet, Class
name ( ) csheet Finish ().
, . 3.19, ,
Sheet.h , .
8. Yes (), .
, , Sheet.cpp
, .

3.

83

Add Class-Sheet
Categories:

Templates:
Add ATL ATL Active ATL Control
Support... Server Pa...

ATLDaiolgAS
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i Add an MFC class.

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Open

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pl

. 3.17. Add Class - Sheet

MFC Class Wizard - Sheet


Welcome to the MFC Class Wizard
This wizard adds a class that inherits from MFC to your project. Options may change
depending on the base class selected.
Class name:

.DHTML resource ID:

Base class:
|cWnd

.HTM file:
___^
~3

.H file:

Automation:
<*" None
<~ Automation
f~ Creatable by type ID

.CPP file:
f~ Active accessibility.
F_inish

Cancel

. 3.18. MFC Class Wizard - Sheet

belp

84

I.

Sheet.h already exists. Do you want to merge this class into the same file?

. 3.19.
Microsoft Development Environment
9. Yes (), .
10. Resource View ( ) I D D P A G E I .
.
11. ,
, .
12. Properties () Caption ()
Appearance ( )
" 1".
13. Border ()
"Thin" (), Style () "Child"
( ), System menu ( ) "False".
14. Toolbox () Check Box
() .
15. IDCCHECK " ?". , . 3.20.

. 3.20.
16. .. 1015 IDD_PAGE2,
" 2".
17. .. 1015 IDD__PAGE3,
" 3".

3.

85

. SheetApplication:
1. View | Solution Explorer ( | )
<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<L>. Solution Explorer
( ).
.
2. Sheet, Header Files ( ), . 3.21.
.- Microsoft Development Enviroinw!n$ tdesf^l*
FJe
Proe
j ct gulid Qebug Fgrmat jpols Wnidow Hep
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in

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'i v. ijp Sheet.rt (IDD_PAGE3 - Dialog) I

V~ ?

31 5obtion 'Sheet' (1 proiect)


- J l Sheet
+
I .Source Files
- _i Headet Files
_ ) Pagel.h
j j Page2 h
_ ] Page3.h
^ Resource.h
J Sheet.h
_ ] SheetDIg h

Properties

Output
Debug

Ready

. 3 . 2 1 . Solution Explorer
3. Sheet.h.
.
4. csheet #pragma once
:
#include "Pagel.h"
#include "Page2.h"
tinclude "Page3.h"

I.

86

5. p u b l i c : csheet
, :

CPagel m_pagel;
CPage2 m_page2;
m_page3;
6. Solution Explorer ( ) Source Files
( )
Sheet.cpp.
7. csheet
:
//
AddPage(&m_pagel);
AddPage(&m_page2);
AddPage(&m_page3);
8. csheetApp: : i n i t i n s t a n c e
CSheetDlg dig; CSheet dig(" ");.
9. <F5> .
Microsoft Development Environment, .
10. Yes ().
, . 3.22.


1 | 2 | 31

"

Cancel

Help

. 3.22.
, ,
.

3.

87


, ,
,
, ,"
,
Next () Back ().

. ,
Sheet.
Sheet , :
1. Sheet.cpp csheetApp: : i n i t i n s t a n c e CSheet dig (" ");
dlg.SetWizardModeO;

2.

Class View ( ),
Sheet.

3.

CPagel Properties ().


Properties ().

4.

Overrides ( )
Properties (). .

5.

OnSetActive.
.

6.

, , OnSetActive, . 3.23.

7.

. .

8.

.. 57 onWizardNext.

9.

.. 38 2,
onwizardBack.

10. .. 38 ,
OnS.etActive OnWizardBack.

11. Pagel.cpp
, 3.6.
4 . 629

I.

88

CPagel VCCodeClass
:: t i ES ^ !*
OnFinalPelease
OnlnitDialog
, OnKilActive
! OnNotify
1 OnOK
I OnQueryCancel
1 OnReset
1

zl

UnSetActlve
, OnWizardBack

i
]
f

^^^^^^^^^^
<Add> OnSetActive

OnSetActive
I Called when the page is made the active page

j
i

. 3.23. Properties

\ 3.6.
//
BOOL CPagel::OnSetActive(void)
{
//
CPropertySheet* parent = (CPropertySheet*) GetParent(),
//
parent-> SetWizardButtons(PSWIZB_NEXT);
return CPropertyPage::OnSetActive();

// Next>
LRESULT CPagel::OnWizardNext(void)
{
//
CButton* checkBox = (CButton*) GetDlgltemf IDC_CHECK );
iff !checkBox->GetCheck() ) //
{
MessageBox(" ");

3.

89

return -1;
}

return CPropertyPage::OnWizardNext() ;
}

12. Page2.cpp , 3.7.


| 3.7.
//
BOOL CPage2::OnSetActive(void)
{
//
CPropertySheet* parent = (CPropertySheet*) GetParent();
//
parent-> SetWizardButtons{ PSWIZB_NEXT |

PSWIZB_BACK);

return CPropertyPage::OnSetActive();

// <Back
LRESULT CPage2::OnWizardBack(void)
{
//
CButton* checkBox = (CButton*) GetDlgItem( IDC_CHECK
iff !checkBox->GetCheck() )
{
MessageBox(" ");
return -1;
}
return CPropertyPage::OnWizardBackf);

// Next>
LRESULT CPage2::OnWizardNext(void)
{
//
CButton* checkBox = (CButton*) GetDlgltemf IDC_CHECK )

00

I.

if( !checkBox->GetCheck() ) //
{
MessageBox(" ");
return -1;

return CPropertyPage::OnWizardNext();

13. Page3.cpp , 3.8.


\ 3.8.

//
BOOL ::OnSetActive(void)
{
//
CPropertySheet* parent = (CPropertySheet*) Get Parent ;
//
parent-> SetWizardButtons(PSWIZB_BACK);
return CPropertyPage::OnSetActive();

// <Back
LRESULT ::OnWizardBack(void)
{
//
CButton* checkBox = (CButton*) GetDlgltemt IDC_CHECK );
if( !checkBox->GetCheck() ) //
{
MessageBox(" ");
return -1;
}
return CPropertyPage::OnWizardBack();

14. . ,
. 3.24.

3.

91

. 3.24. . 1
15. Next (). ,
. 3.25.

. 3.25.
16. , ? Next (). , . 3.26.
( 2

" ?

< flack I

Next > ~ j

Cancel

Help

. 3.26. . 2

I.

92

17. ? Next ().


, . 3.27.

. 3.27. . 3
18. ? Back ().
, . 3.25, .

DoModal S e t W i z a r d M o d e .

, 1
Back (), Next
(), 2 .
CPropertySheet: :SetWizardButtons,
C P r o p e r t y P a g e : :OnSetActive, , . . DoModal. setwizardButtons
. , ,
:
PSWIZB_BACK Back ();
PSWIZB_NEXT Next ();
PSWIZB_FINISH Finish ();
PSWIZB_DISABLEFINISH Finish ().
, PSWIZB_NEXT PSWIZB_FINISH , .
Next () Finish (),
. PSWIZBDISABLEFINISH
PSWIZB FINISH.

3.

93


,
, ,
. , , , ,
Next () ,
.
,
, . , ,
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:
1. Resourse View ( ), Sheet.rc.
2. Dialog ( ) IDD_PAGE3. .

3. ?
Properties ().
4.

Caption () " ?".

5. Auto Behavior ()
False (). , .
6.

ControlEvents ( ).
, .

7. BNCLICKED .
onciickedcheck.
8. .
.
9. Class View ( ), Sheet.
10. Properties ().
Properties ().
11. Overrides ( )
Properties (). .
12. OnWizardNext. .

94

I.

13. , , OnWizardNext.
14. . .
15. Pagel.cpp.
.

16. cpagei: :OnwizardNext 3.9.


\ 3.9. Page 1: : OnWizardNext
// Next>
LRESULT CPagel::OnWizardNext(void)
{
//
CSheet*
parent = (CSheet*) GetParent();
//
CButton* checkBox = (CButton*) GetDlgItem( IDC_CHECK );
if( !checkBox->GetCheck() ) //
{
MessageBox(" ");
return -1;

// ,
p a r e n t - > SetActivePage( p a r e n t - > GetPageIndex{ &parent-> m_page3)
r e t u r n CPropertyPage::OnWizardNext();

17.

Page3.cpp.

18.

, 3.10.

I 3.10.
//
BOOL ::OnSetActive(void)
{

CPropertySheet* p a r e n t = (CPropertySheet*) G e t P a r e n t ( ) ;
p a r e n t - > SetWizardButtons(PSWIZB NEXT [ PSWIZB BACK);

3.
return CPropertyPage::OnSetActive();

// ' <
LRESULT ::OnWizardBack(void)
{
//
CSheet*
parent = (CSheet*) GetParent ;
// ,
parent-> SetActivePage( parent-> GetPagelndex ( &parent-> mjpagel) + 1
return CPropertyPage::OnWizardBack() ;

// Finish
void ::OnClickedCheck(void)
{
//
CSheet*
parent = (CSheet*) GetParent ;
//
CButton* checkBox = (CButton*) GetDlgItem( IDC_CHECK
if( !checkBox->GetCheck() ) //
checkBox->SetCheck( 0 );
else
checkBox->SetCheck( 1 ) ;
parent->SetFinishText("Finish") ;

// Next>
LRESULT ::OnWizardNext(void)
{
//
CSheet*
parent = (CSheet*) GetParent ;
// ,
parent-> SetActivePage( parent-> GetPagelndex( &parent-> m_page2) 1 )
return CPropertyPage::OnWizardNext();

95

I.
19. . ,
. 3.24.
, Next ()
3, 2, .
, Next (),
2. 2
. 3 ?, , . 3.28.

. 3.28. ?

CPropertysheet:: setActivePage. ,
, .
. , 0,
, . AddPage. , SetActivePage
onWizardNext onwizardBack,
,
, .

CPropertysheet: :setFinishText.
, Finish ().
,
Back () Next () Finish
() ( , ), , . -

3.

97


?
Back () Next ().
, . , Finish (),
OnWizardFinish, .
OnWizardFinish .
, .
OnSetActive , setwizardButtons. ,
,
Finish () Cancel () ( Help () ).
, .
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Finish () ,
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OnWizardFinish .
.
OnWizardFinish, ,
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Properties (). Properties ().
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4. Russian ().
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102

II.

7. Caption () Properties
() "".
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19.
LBNDBLCLK. .
20. , , OnLbnDbiclkList,
-. 4.4.
21. . , CListDig, -

4.

105

JIDC_LIST (Listbox Control) ILBEditor


QT] a, m [ 7 } LBN_ERRSPACE
LBN_KL
ILFOCUS
LBN_SELCANCEL
LBN_SELCHANGE
LBN_SETFOCUS
NM THEMECHANGED

<Add> OnLbnDblclHist

.LBN_DBLCLK
' Indicates that the user has double-clicked the left mouse
button in the control
. 4.4. Properties
22. ,
ControlEvents ( ) Properties (). , .
23.
BNCLICKED. .
24. , , OnBnciickedAdd.
25. . .
26. .. 2225 .
27. Class View ( ), List.
28. CListDig Add | Add Variable ( |
). Add Member Variable Wizard - List
( ), . 4.5.
29. Control variable ( ). Control ID ( )
Control type ( ) .
30. Control ID ( ) IDC_EDIT.

II.

106

xj

Add Member Variable Wizard - List


Welcome to the Add Member Variable Wizard
This wizard adds a member variable to your class, struct, or union.

Access:

~ Control variable

Variable type:
jbool

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C o m m e n t

(//

n o t a t i o n

n o t

r e q u i r e d ) :

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31. Category () Value
(), Variable name ( )
m_Edit Finish ().
32. .. 28 29 Control ID
( ) IDC__LIST.
33. Control (), Variable name ( )
m_List Finish ().
34. ListDlg.cpp 4.1.
: 4.1. CListDlg
//
void CListDlg::OnLbnDblclkList()
{

CString Temp;
i f ( m_List.GetCurSel() != LB_ERR )

//

4.

107

II
m_List.GetText (m__List .GetCurSel () , Temp) ;
//
SetDlglteraText(IDC_EDIT, Temp);

// Add
void CListDlg::OnBnClickedAdd()
{

UpdateData();

//
//
m_List.AddString(m Edit); //

// Delete
void CListDlg::OnBnClickedDelete()
{
if( m_List.GetCurSel() != LB_ERR ) //
m_List.DeleteString(m_List.GetCurSel); //
UpdateData();
.
//

35. <F5> . ,
. , . 4.6.
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""
. .

37.

""
. .

38. ""
. .
, List Box () Behavior () Properties () Sort
() True (),
.
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"", . 4.7.

II.

108

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, ,
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.

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.
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. 4.8.

OnLbnDbicikList cstring Temp ,


cListBox: :GetText,
. ,
cwnd: :SetDigitemText, Temp
.
, .
onBnciickedAdd :
UpdateData
, CListBox: :Addstring . onBnclickedDelete , cUstBox: :GetCurSel, , ,
. ,

CListBox: :Deietestring, ,
.
,
, CListBox: :Setsel, , -

110

II.

, TRUE, , FALSE, .




Progress, , . :
1.

, 1.
Progress.

2.

Dialog () Resource View ( ).


IDD__PROGRESS_DIALOG
<F4>. Properties ().

3.

Language (). .

4.

Russian ().

5.

Output ( ) .

6.

Caption () Properties () " ".

7.

8.

Cancel ()
Caption () Properties ()
.

9.

10. Toolbox () Progress


( ) . ,
.
. ID ( ) Properties () IDCPROGRESS. , . 4.9.
12. Toolbox () Slider Control ( )
.
13. ID ( ) Properties () I D C S L I D E R .

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24. BN_CLICKED.
.
25. , , OnBnClickedReset.

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CProgressDig.
28. Properties () Messages (). , .
29. WM_HSCROLL.
.
30. , , cmHScroii, . 4.13.
31. .
, CProgressDig
.
32. CProgressDig Add | Add Variable ( | -

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114

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W M I G E T D L G C O O E

WM_GETMINMA!<INFO

WMJHELPINFO

WM.HSCROLLCLIPBOARD
i

WMJCONIERASEEKGND

';

WMJNITMENU

VCCodeClass

[ < A d d > OnHScroll

WMJNITMEMUPOPUP
WMJCEYDOWN
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. 4.13. Properties

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115

33. Control variable ( ). Control ID ( )


Control type ( ) .
34. Control ID ( ) IDC__PROGRESS.
35. Variable name ( )
m_Progress Finish ().
36. .. 3336 I D C S L I D E R ,
m_siider.
37. ProgressDlg.cpp
cprogressDig 4.2.
; 4.2. cprogressDig

// CProgressDlg
BOOL C P r o g r e s s D l g : : O n I n i t D i a l o g ( )
{
CDialog::OnInitDialog();
// " A b o u t . . . " .
// IDM_ABOUTBOX
// .
ASSERT ( (IDM__ABOUTBOX & OxFFFO) == IDM_ABOUTBOX) ;
ASSERT(IDM_ABOUTBOX < OxFOOO);
CMenu* pSysMenu = GetSystemMenu(FALSE);
if

(pSysMenu

!= NULL)

{
CString strAboutMenu;
strAboutMenu.LoadString(IDS_ABOUTBOX);
if (!StrAboutMenu.IsEmptyf))
{
pSysMenu->AppendMenu(MF_SEPARATOR);
pSysMenu->AppendMenu(MF_STRING, IDM__ABOUTBOX, strAboutMenu);

// .
// ,
/ /

.-

116

II.

Setlcon(m_hlcon, TRUE);

//

Setlcon(m_hlcon, FALSE);

//

//
m_Slider.SetRange(O, 1024, TRUE);
m_Slider.SetTicFreq( 128 ) ;
m _ S l i d e r . S e t L i n e S i z e ( 32 ) ;
m_Slider.SetPageSize( 256 );
m_Progress.SetRange(0,
r e t u r n TRUE;

1024);

// TRUE,
/ /

//
void CProgressDlg::OnBnClickedReset()
(
m P r o g r e s s . S e t P o s ( 0 );

//

//
void CProgressDlg:-.OnHScroll (UINT nSBCode, UINT nPos, CScrollBar* p S c r o l l Bar)
{

//
CSliderCtrl* slider = (CSliderCtrl*) pScrollBar;
//
iff m_Progress.GetPos() < slider-> GetPosf) )
m_Progress.SetPos( slider-> GetPosf) ); //
//
CDialog::OnHScroll(nSBCode, nPos, pScrollBar);

38. <F5> .
, . 4.14.
39. , , , . .

4.

117

. 4.14.

. 4.15.

40. . , . 4.15.
41. . .
42. . ,
. 4.16.

118

II.

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43. . .
44. . ,
, , .
,
. <> ,
<End> . <PgUp>
, <PgDn>
, , .
,
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. c s i i d e r c t r i : :SetRange ,
, , .
c s i i d e r c t r i : :setTicFreq , , ,
. c s i i d e r c t r i : :SetLineSize
. c s i i d e r c t r i : : SetPageSize
<PgUp> <PgDn>. CProgressCtrl: :SetRange c s i i d e r c t r i .

4.

119

. WM_HSCROLL, onHScroii.
, .
10. ,
. ,
:
. . c s c r o i i B a r .
. ,
c s c r o i i B a r c s l i d e r c t r i , , , , c s l i d e r c t r i cwnd,
cscroiiBar, Windows .
c s l i d e r c t r i : :GetPos
.
CProgressctrl. .
( ), C P r o g r e s s c t r l : :SetPos,
, _
(. 10).
onBnciickedReset .
C P r o g r e s s c t r l : :SetPos .



, , ,
, .
Picture Control (). , .
, - "", .

, ,
, . , ,
, . , ,
5 . 629

120

II.

, . ,
, .
, , .
c p r o g r e s s c t r i : : c r e a t e ,
,
. , .
Picture Control ().

.
,
:
1. ProgressDlg.cpp.
2.

CAboutDig

END_MESSAGE_MAP()
CRect

P__Rect;

3.
ProgressDlg.cpp 4.3.

: 4.3. ,
// ,
// .
// , /
// .
void CProgressDlg::OnPaint()

if (Islconic())
{
CPaintDC dc(this); //
SendMessage(WM_ICONERASEBKGND, reinterpret_cast<WPARAM>(dc.GetSafeHdc()), 0);
//
int cxlcon = GetSysterriMetri.es (SM_CXICON) ;
int cylcon = GetSystemMetrics(SM CYICON);

4.

121

CRect r e c t ;
GetClientRect(Srect);
int x = (rect.Width() - cxlcon + 1 ) / 2;

int = (rect.Height() cylcon + 1) / 2;


//
dc.DrawIcon(x, y, m_hlcon);
}
else
{
CDialog::OnPaint();

CClientDC clientDC(this); //
CBrush
brBackf RGB(255, 255, 255) ); //
//
: :GetWindowRect ( : :GetDlgItem( m_hWnd, IDC_PICTURE) , &P_Rect ) ;
ScreenToClient( &P_Rect ) ;
//
P_Rect.left += 2;
P_Rect.right -= 2;
P_Rect.top +-2;
P_Rect.bottom -= 2;
//
clientDC.FillRect( P Rect, SbrBack ) ;

// ,
// .
HCURSOR CProgressDlg::OnQueryDragIcon()
{
return static cast<HCURSOR>( hlcon);

//
void CProgressDlg::OnBnClickedReset(void)
{
m Progress.SetPos( 0 );
//

II.
CClientDC clientDC(this); //
CRgn
pRgn;
//
CBrush
brBack( RGB(255, 255, 255) ); //
//
pRgn.CreateRectRgnlndirect( P_Rect ) ;
clientDC.SelectClipRgnf &pRgn ) ;
clientDC.FillRect( P Rect, sbrBack ) ;

//
void CProgressDlg::OnHScroll(UINT nSBCode, UINT nPos, CScrollBar*
pScrollBar)
{
//
CSliderCtrl* slider = (CSliderCtrl*) pScrollBar;
if( m_Progress.GetPos() < slider-> GetPosO ) //
//
{
CClientDC clientDC(this); //
CRgn
pRgn;
//
CBrush
brDone( RGB(255, 0, 0) ); //
CRect
D__Rect = P_Rect;
//
pRgn.CreateRectRgnlndirect( P_Rect );
clientDC.SelectClipRgn( SpRgn );
//
D__Rect. right = P_Rect.left + (int) (P_Rect.Width!) *slider->
GetPos())/slider->GetRangeMax();
clientDC.FillRect( D_Rect, sbrDone );
//
m_Progress.SetPos( slider-> GetPos ) ;

CDialog::OnHScroll(nSBCode, nPos, pScrollBar);

4.

123

4. <F5> .
, . 4.17.

. 4.17.

5. .
, . 4.18.
Windows. 6.
Picture Control () .
,
.
,
.
,

, .
onPaint.
, Windows . WMPAINT. -

//.

124

,
CDialog: :OnPaint, . GetwindowRect,
.
GetDigitem,
,
cwnd, .

HillI l l l l l l l l

1
1
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S i S S i !

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. 4.18.

GetwindowRect ,
cwnd: :ScreenToClient,
. POINT RECT.
.
, Properties ()
Sunken (). , , .
.
, .

onPaint

CDC: : F i i i R e c t , , -

4.

125

, RECT, , , CBrush.
.

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126

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1. , 1, DateTime.
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Caption () "".
19. .. 17 18,
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, . 4.21.
20. Date Time
Picker ( ) Control Events (
) Properties (). , .

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26. Class View ( ),
DateTime.
27. CDateTimeDig Add | Add Variable ( | ). Add Member Variable Wizard
( ).

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30. .. 27 28 m_Time, CTime.
31. CDateTimeDig Add | Add Variable ( | ). Add Member Variable Wizard
( ).
32. Control variable ( ),
Control ID (
) IDC_DATETIMEPICKER.
33. , Variable name ( ) -

130

II.
m_DateTime Finish (). .

34. .. 3133
IDC_MONTHCALENDAR m_Month.
35.

DateTimeDlg.cpp
4.4.

i 4.4.
// Date Time Picker
void CDateTimeDlg::OnDtnDatetimechangeDatetimepicker(NMHDR *pNMHDR, LRESULT
*pResult)
{
LPNMDATETIMECHANGE pDTChange = reinterpret_cast<LPNMDATETIMECHANGE>(pNMHDR);
m_DateTime.GetTime( m_Time ); //
//
if ( !m_bTime ) //
m_Month.SetCurSel( m_Time );
' *pResult = 0;

//
void CDateTimeDlg::OnMcnSelectMonthcalendar(NMHDR *pNMHDR, LRESULT *pResult)
{
LPNMSELCHANGE pSelChange = reinterpret_cast<LPNMSELCHANGE>(pNMHDR);
m_Month.GetCurSel( m_Time );

//
//

if(

!m_bTime )

//

m_DateTime.SetTime( &m_Time );

//

*pResult = 0;

//
void CDateTimeDlg::OnBnClickedDatetime()
{
if( m_bTime )

//

4.

737

//
SetDlgltemText( IDC_DATETIME, "" );
SetDlgltemText( IDC_CAPTION, "" );
m_DateTime.SetFormat( _T("dd-MM-yyyy") );
m_bTime = false;
else
//
SetDlgltemText( IDC_DATETIME, "" );
SetDlgltemText( IDC_CAPTION, "" ) ;
m_DateTime.SetFormat( _T("H-mm-ss") );
m_bTime = true;
}
//
void CDateTimeDlg::OnBnClickedSelect()
if( m_bSelect )

//

//
SetDlgltemText( IDC_SELECT, "" );
m_Month.ModifyStyle(MCS_NOTODAYCIRCLE,MCS_NOTODAY);
m_bSelect = false;
else
//
SetDlgltemText( IDC_SELECT, "" );
m_Month.ModifyStyle(MCS_NOTODAY,MCS_NOTODAYCIRCLE);
m bSelect = true;

36. <F5> .
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. 4 . 2 5 .

134

II.

40. .
.
41. . ,
,
. 4.25.
42. . , , . 40.
43. . .
,
, .
CDateTimeDlg::OnDatetimechangeDatetimepicker

Date Time Picker ( ).
(,
) . CDateTimeCtrl: :GetTime.
CTime.
CDateTimeDlg, . , CMonthCaictr: :SetCurSei
.
CDateTimeDlg: :OnSelectMonthcalendar
.

CMonthCaictr: :GetCurSel. , .
CDateTimeCtrl : : SetTime.

CDateTimeDlg: : OnClickedSelect -

. , , .
cwnd: :SetDlgitemText,
, , , .
cwnd: :ModifyStyle. ,
, ,

4.

135

, ,
SetwindowPos. ,
SetwindowPos.

m b s e l e c t , .

CDateTimeDlg: : OnClickedDatetime,
. .
, , cwnd: :SetDlgitemText . CDateTimeCtrl::SetFormat.


"
". . Windows DOS.
- , , DOS
. Windows . , . , ,
.

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, .


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#define. , , Resource.h,
.
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Windows (Windows Message).
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1,

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. GetMessage PeekMessage.
,
.
, ,
DispatchMessage, ,
, .
( switch), . , ,
MFC .

138

II.


(Message Map)
MFC .
,
MFC,
. ,
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, ccmdTarget,
. ,
, . ,

DECLARE_MESSAGE_MAP, . ,

BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP, , ,
.
END_MESSAGE_MAP, .

Visual C++ 5.0 6.0. 7.0
. Visual C++ 7.0
, MFC Application Wizard. , Properties (), (public).
5.1 , ,
4.
; 5.1.
// DialogDlg.h

#pragma once
// CDialogDlg
class CDialogDlg : public CDi.alog
{
//

5.

139

public:

CDialogDlg(CWnd* pParent = NULL); //


//
enum ( IDD = IDD_DIALOGJDIALOG } ;
protected:
virtual void DoDataExchange(CDataExchange* pDX); // DDX/DDV
//
protected:
HICON m_hlcon;
//
virtual BOOL OnlnitDialog () ;
afx_msg void OnSysCommand(UINT nID, LPARAM lParam);
afx_msg void OnPaint();
afx_msg HCURSOR OnQueryDraglcon() ;
DECLARE_MESSAGE_MAP ()
public:
afx_msg void OnCbnCloseupCombo();
afx_msg void OnCbnEditchangeCombo();
afx_msg void OnDeltaposSpin(NMHDR *pNMHDR, LRESULT *pResult);
UINT m_Edit;
UINT m_Buddy;
CString m_Combo;
BOOL m_Save;
int m_Switch;

(public) .
. 5.2 , 5.1.
5.2. ,
BEGIN_MESSAGEJ4AP (CDialogDlg, CDialog)
ON_WM_SYSCOMMAND ()
ON WM PAINT()

140

II.

ON_WM_QUERYDRAGICON()
//} }AFX__MSG_MAP
ON_CBN__CLOSEUP (IDC_COMBO, OnCbnCloseupCombo)
ON_CBN_EDITCHANGE(IDC_COMBO, OnCbnEditchangeCombo)
ON_NOTIFY(UDN_DELTAPOS, IDC_SPIN, OnDeltaposSpin)
END_MESSAGE_MAP ()
,
.
, :
ONCOMMAND ,
WM_COMMAND, . ,
, , ;
ON_COMMAND_RANGE ON_COMMAND, , . , , ,
,
. , ,
,
;
ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI ,
. , . ,
, , ;
ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI_RANGE
ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI, , . , ON_COMMAND_RANGE,
;
ONCONTROL .
. ON_CONTROL.
,
, , ;
ON CONTROL RANGE
, , PAINT.

5.

141

,
ONCONTROL, , ;
ONMESSAGE .
WM_USER
0x7 FFF , Windows WMMESSAGE.
ONMESSAGE. , ,
, .

Windows 3.x
Windows 3.x , ,
. .
WM_COMMAND,
(, B N P A I N T ) , ,
wParam ,
, lParam .
,
.
. ,
BN_CLICKED .

Windows 3.x ,

WM_CTLCOLOR,

WM_VSCROLL,

WM_HSCROLL,

WM_DRAWITEM,

WM_MEASUREITEM, WM_COMPAREITEM, WM_DELETEITEM, WM_CHARTOITEM, WM_VKEYTOITEM


. , .

Win32
, Windows 3.1, Win32 API . Win32 ,
Windows 3.x.
.
, ,
WM_*, Win32 API , WMNOTIFY, .

142

II.

NOTIFY , , wparam lParam. NMHDR, ,


NMHDR. NMHDR
, ,
iparam , NMHDR.
NMHDR , . ( )
TTN SHOW TTN POP.
NMHDR.
NMHDR ,
, (, SHOW).
:
typedef s t r u c t

tagNMHDR

HWND hwndFrom;
UINT i d F r o m ;
UINT code;
} NMHDR;

TTN SHOW code


TTN__SHOW.

,
NMHDR, , LVNKEYDOWN
. , LV_KEYDOWN, :
typedef struct tagLV_KEYDOWN
{
NMHDR hdr;
WORD wVKey;
UINT flags;
} LV_KEYDOWN;

,
Windows
,
Windows. , -

5.

143

NMHDR.
:
NM_CLICK ,
;
NM__DBLCLK ,
;
NM RCLICK ,
;
NM_ RDBLCLK ,
;
NM_RETURN , <Return>,
;
NMSETFOCUS ,
;
NM_KILLFOCUS ,
;
NM_ OUTOFMEMORY , .


cwnd: :OnNotify.
. . .
Visual C++ ON NOTIFY , . ON_NOTIFY
, ,
, LVN_KEYDOWN, , ,
.
:
afx_msg void memberFxn(NMHDR ^pNMHDR, LRESULT,*pResult)
:
memberFxn ;
PNMHDR , ;
pResult , .

144

II.

, , onDeitaposSpin UDN_DELTAPOS, cspinButtonctri I D C S P I N , :


ON_NOTIFY(UDN_DELTAPOS, IDC_SPIN, OnDeitaposSpin)
:
void CDialogDlg::OnDeitaposSpin(NMHDR *pNMHDR, LRESULT *pResult)
{
NM_UPDOWN* pNMUpDown = (NMJJPDOWN*) pNMHDR;
// TODO: Add your control notification handler code here
*pResult = 0;
}
, . NM_UPDOWN
pNMUpDown, P'NMHDR .
:
void memberFxn(UINT id, NMHDR * pNMHDR, LRESULT *pResult)
, ,
, ON_NOTIFY
( ON_NOTIFY_RANGE) ON_NOTIFY_EX ( ON_NOTIFY_EX_RANGE). -

,
BOOL, , .
FALSE, TO
.
ON_NOTIFY_EX ON_NOTIFY_EX_RANGE -

,
.
, , :
ON_NOTIFY_EX(nCode, id, memberFxn)
ON_NOTIFY_EX_RANGE(wNotifyCode, id, idLast, memberFxn)

. :
BOOL memberFxn(UINT id, NMHDR * pNotifyStruct, LRESULT * result);
id ,
.

5.

145

TRUE, , FALSE,
.


MFC 4.O. , . , WMCTLCOLOR ,
.
Windows MFC , 4.0,
, , . , , . ,
, , .
, .
MFC 4.0
, . , , ,
(message reflection), ,
.
WM_CTLCOLOR , - .
, , , , MFC, Windows, ,
, cwnd.
MFC ,
(WM_DRAWITEM
). . , ,
,
MFC.

146

II.


,
, .
WM_NOTIFY
. , , ,

ON__NOTIFY_REFLECT.
ON_NOTIFY_REFLECT_EX, ,
. ,
, TRUE, TO
,
FALSE, TO

.
WMNOTIFY,
. ,
.
, ,
.
, ,
: REFLECT.
, WMNOTIFY
ON NOTIFY,
ON_NOTIFY_REFLECT.
.
Visual C + + , .



, , . ,

5.

147

MFC, .

, , :

, ON_ _REFLECT. , WM__CTLCOLOR ON_WM_CTLCOLOR_REFLECT.
, , .
:
WM_COMMAND ON_CONTROL REFLECT;

NOTIFY ON_NOTIFY_REFLECT;


ONJJPDATECOMMANDJJI
ON_UPDATE COMMAND UI_REFLECT.


, on .
, c t i c o i o r
Oncticolor. ,
.
, .
. 5.1 .
5.1.

ON_CONTROL REFLECT(wNotifyCode,
memberFxn)


afx_msg v o i d memberFxn

();

ON_NOTIFY_REFLECT(wNotifyCode,
memberFxn)

afx rasg v o i d memberFxn (NMHDR *


p N o t i f y S t r u c t , LRESOLT* r e s u l t ) ;

ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI_REFLECT
(memberFxn)

afx msg v o i d memberFxn


pCmdUI);

ON_WM_CTLCOLOR REFLECT()

afx msg HBRUSH C t l C o l o r


UINT n C t l C o l o r ) ;

ON_WM_DRAWITEM_REFLECT()

afx_msg v o i d Drawltem
(LPDRAWITEMSTRUCT l p D r a w I t e m S t r u c t ) ;

ON_WM_MEASUREITEM REFLECT()

afx_msg v o i d M e a s u r e l t e m
(LPMEASUREITEMSTRUCT
lpMeasureltemStruct);

(CCmdUI*
(CDC* pDC,

II.

148

5. 1

()

ON_WM_DELETEITEM_REFLECT{)

afx_msg void Deleteltem


(LPDELETEITEMSTRUCT
lpDeleteltemStruct);

ON_WM_COMPAREITEM_REFLECT()

afx_msg int Compareltem


(LPCOMPAREITEMSTRUCT
lpCompareltemStruct);

ON_WM_CHARTOITEM_REFLECT()

afx__rasg int CharToItem (UINT nKey,


UINT nlndex);

ON_WM_VKEYTOITEM_REFLECT()

afx__msg int VKeyToItem (UINT nKey,


UINT nlndex);

ON_WM_HSCROLL_REFLECT()

afx_msg void HScroll (UINT nSBCode,


UINT nPos);

ON_WM_VSCROLL_REFLECT()

afx_msg void VScroll (UINT nSBCode,


UINT nPos);

ON WM PARENTNOTIFY REFLECT))

afx_msg void ParentNotify (UINT


message, LPARAM lParam);

ON_NOTIFY_REFLECT ON_CONTROL_REFLECT

( ). . 5.2.
.
5.2.

ON_NOTIFY_RE FLECT_EX
(wNotifyCode, memberFxn)

afx_jnsg BOOL memberFxn (NMHDR *


p N o t i f y S t r u c t , LRESULT* r e s u l t )

ON_CONTROL_RE FLECT_EX
(wNotifyCode, memberFxn)

afx_msg BOOL memberFxn () ;


,
, Microsoft . ,
.
, , , ,

. , -

5.

149

.
, ,
.
, Microsoft
, ,
Visual C++ , . 3

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Dialog (. 3):
1. File | Open Solution ( | ).
Open Solution ( ), . 5.1.

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Dialog. Visual C++ Dialog.
3. Class View ( ),
Dialog () Add | Add Class ( | ). Add Class - Dialog ( ), . 5.2.

II.

150

2<J

Add Class - Dialog;


Templates;

Categories;

Add ATL
Support .,.

ATL Dialog

ATL Active ATL Control


Server Pa.,,

ATL MMC
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ATL M5
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ATL OLEDB ATL OLEDB


ATL
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Help

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Open

. 5 . 2 . Add Class - Dialog

4. Templates () MFC Class ( MFC)


Open (). MFC Class Wizard - Dialog
( MFC), . 5.3.
I MFC Class Wizard - Dialog
Welcome to the MFC Class Wizard
This wizard adds a class that inherits from MFC to your project. Options may change
dependn
i g on the base class selected,
Ca
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.DHTML resource ID:

Base class:

H
.TM file:

Automato
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Finish

Cancel

. 5 . . MFC Class Wizard - Dialog

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5.

151

5. Class name ( )
Myspinctrl, c s p i n B u t t o n c t r i Finish ().
.
6. Class View ( ) Dialog ()
Myspinctrl.
7.
(). Properties ().

Properties

8. Properties () Messages (). , .


(=)
, . 5.4.

[MySpinCtrl VCCodeClass

=NM_OUTOFMEMORY
=NM_RELEASEDCAPTURE
: =NM_THEMECHAMGED
; =UDN_DELTAPO5
;
=WM..CTLCOLOR
. =WH_PARENTNOTIFY
' WM_ACTIVATE
;
WM.ACTCVATEAP.P
MySpinCtrl

jd

. 5 . 4 .

9. =UDN_DELTAPOS.
.
10. . , MySpinCtrl. .
11. onDeitapos 5.3.
| 5.3. O n D e i t a p o s

/7
void MySpinCtrl::OnDeitapos(NMHDR *pNMHDR,

LRESULT *pResult)

LPNMUPDOWN pNMUpDown = r e i n t e r p r e t cast<LPNMUPDOWN>(pNMHDR);


6 . 629

152

II.

pNMUpDown-> i D e l t a = -pNMUpDown-> i D e l t a ;
*pResult = 0;

12. Class View ( ) CDiaiogDig


Events () Properties (). , .
13. I D C S P I N UDN_DELTAPOS.
.
14. <Delete> OnDeltaposSpin.
. (
.)
15. Class View ( )
CDiaiogDig
Add | Add Variable ( | ).
Add Member Variable Wizard - Dialog (
), . 5.5.

Add Member Variable Wizard - Dialog


Welcome to the Add Member Variable Wizard
This wizard adds a member variable to your class, structj or union.

Access:
Variable type:

Variable name:

,.

.1

Comment (// notation not required):

Finish

. 5.5.

Cancel

Help

5.

153

16. Control variable ( )



IDC_SPIN.

17. Variable type ( ) MySpinctri, Variable


name ( ) m s p i n Finish
(). .
18. <F5> . .
, UDNDELTAPOS. ,
coiaiogDig. , .
: , , .
, , ,
, .


, cwinApp,
Run.
cwinThread: : Run, ,
GetMessage, TranslateMessage DispatchMessage.
cwnd AfxWndProc,
wndProc, .
WndProc , , MFC
(handle map), . cwnd, .
windowProc. ,
cwnd, , .
windowProc, , C++ onWndMessage,
, , . -

154

II.

: ,
. ,
.
, , . C++, ,
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MFC ,
. , File | Open ( | )
MFC S e r i a l i z e . .



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Properties
, , Properties (). Properties (
, ), View | Properties Window ( | ), <F4> , .
, . 5.6,
Properties ().
Properties (), . 5.7, ,
.
, . 5.7, Categorized (
), , Properties
(), . Alphabetic (), ,

5.

155

Categorized ( ), , .

Fle
i Edti Veiw Proe
j ct u
fid
li ueoug lools Wnidow Hep
l
%J Da
io
l gDIg h |

ii

i i

- .31 Dialog
blobal Functions end Variables
Macros and Constants
"f CAboutDIg
* J CDiaiogApp

I m r i 1 h"

* Go To Definition
* browse Definition
^ O_uc
i kFn
i d Symbol
t

Propei tie J
j MySpir

TDialogDlg(CWnd* p P a r e n t = NULL;

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Sort By Access

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Group By Type
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*-j

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H Outputl ^ ' ' 1 ^

' \ - \,

. 5 . 6 . Properties

[MySpinCti-l VCCodeClas^

QT] % -/ ^
MySpinCtrl

C++

. 5 . 7 . Properties

II.

156

Event ()
(ControlEvents) ( ) Messages ().
ControlEvents ( ) , . ,
(. 5.8).

IDC_EDIT_BOX (Edit Control) IEdBoxEditor

*1
zl

ENZ
jHAMGE
EN_ERRSPACE
EN_HSCROLL
EN_KL
ILFOCUS
EN_MAXTEXT
EN_SETFOCUS
ENJJPDATE
EN_VSCROLL
. NM JHEMECHANGED.
CDialogDIg

. 5.8. ControlEvents
,
, . . . Properties () , . 5.9.

IDC_EDIT_BOX (Edit Control) IEdBoxEdtior


,' EN_CHANGE
I EN ERRSPACE
EN_KILLFOCU5
<Add> OnEnHscroE
l dtiBox
EN_MAXTEXT
EN_SETFOCUS
ENJJPDATE
EN_VSCROLL
..NM JHEMECHAbG
l ED
EN_HSCROLL
Indicates the user clicked the scroll bar

...A

. 5.9.

5.

157

.
.
, .
Properties
() , ,
, . 5.10.

| IDC_EDIT_BOX (Edit Control) IEdBoxEditor

.-
' EfJ ALIGN LTR EC
! EN_ALIGN_RTL_EC
1 EN_CHANGE
! EN_ERRSPACE
1 iMil l i i . l i ! ' ! OnEnHscrollEditBox
1 EN KILLFOCUS
<Delete> OnEnHscrollEditBox
! EN.MAXTEXT
<EditCode>
L EbLSEieQOJS.
!EN HSCROLL
Indicates the user clicked the scroll bar

-r _ J

. 5.10.
, <Delete>.
.
,
.
Events () (. 5.11) Properties ()
, Class View (
)
.
Properties ()
, . , ,
ControlEvents ( ), .
.

II.

158

.
, .
Messages ()
Properties ().
. 5.12.

[cDialogDIg VCCodeCa
l ss

~ ~ -

ill

:: ti 1 V

IC>C_bUDDl

(Object)

; IDCjIOMEO

(Object)

[ IOC_EDIT_BOX

(Object)

\ IOC_SPIN

(Object)

| IDCANCEL

(Object)

IDOK

(Object)

1 (Name)
i Sets/returns the name of the object.

. 5 . 1 1 . Events

[CDialogDIg wrcodeClass

QU Si -/ *

: WM ACTIVATE
: WM ACTV
I ATEAPP
; WM_ASKCBFORMATNA
WM CANCELMODE
i WM_CAPTURECHANGEI
WM CHANGECECHAN
I
WM CHAMGEUS
I TATE
WM CHAP
CDialogDIg

. 5 . 1 2 . M e s s a g e s

Messages () ControlEvents ( ).

5.

159


Windows 1000 . ,

.
, , ,
CListBox LB_SETSEL,
.
, , , . . 5.3 ,
.
5.3.

CBN

CDM

CDN

CPL

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, Visual C + + , , .


, , . WM_COMMAND,
, , . Windows 3.x WM_COMMAND
, . Win32
WM_COMMAND ,

160

II.

WM NOTIFY
.
. ,
. ,
.
, , . .

,
. .
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(, ),
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MFC
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. , .
, ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI,
. , ,
, .

, .
,
, , ,
.
ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI,
,
ON_COMMAND
. , .
, ,
.

5.

161

afx_msg void OnUpdateMyControl (CCmdUl* pCmdUI);


ccmdui. . 5.4.
5.4. ccmdui

Enable

SetCheck

SetRadio

SetText

ContinueRouting



,
MFC,
. ,
.
:
;
;
;
.
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Windows (GDI),
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Windows . ,
Windows (Graphic Device Interface GDI) Windows, a
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Windows, ,
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6.

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Windows , . ,
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Windows , Windows API, , .

Windows.
, .

164

II.

CPaintoc
Windows.

CWnd: :BeginPaint, CWnd: :EndPaint.


cview: :OnDraw
cview: :OnPrepareDC CDC.
.
c c i i e n t o c , . cwnd: :Getoc,
cwnd: :ReleaseDC.
OnDraw, .
, . cciientDC.
cwindowDC , ,
. CMetaFiieoc , . cpaintDC, OnDraw,
onPrepareDC .
, OnDraw,
. OnDraw
:
;

,
.
- , ,
.
. ,
, , CDocument: :UpdateAliviews, , cview,
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LPARAM .
cobject, .
, , CDocument: : SetModif iedFlag. UpdateAllViews -

6.

165

,
, . cview: :OnUpdate, , .
,
Windows WMPAINT. cwnd: :OnPaint,
cpaintoc onDraw
. OnPaint.
OnDraw .
void CMyView::OnDraw(CDC* pDC)
{
CMyDoc* pDoc = GetDocument();
CString s = pDoc-> szDemoString;
CRect rect;
GetClientRect(&rect);
pDC->SetTextAlign(TA_BASELINE I TA_CENTER);.
pDC->TextOut(rect.right / 2, rect.bottom / 2, s, s.GetLength());
}
, . , ,
szDemoString.
.
, CDC
cPaintDC,
BeginPaint.
.


, ,
Windows, Win32 .
,
Win32
.

166

II.

, . , ,
, .

, ,
, .
. , , "Sanserif.
. Win32
(
):
thin ( );
extralight ( );
light ();
normal ();
medium ();
semibold ();
bold ();
extrabold ( );
heavy ( ).
: roman (
), oblique () italic (). roman . oblique .
roman. italic .
.
g
. . 0,013837 . ,
, 1/72 .
(font family) , .
. .
.
Decorative . , Old English.
Dontcare . , -

6.

167

. .
Modern ,
. , , , ,
Pica, Elite Courier New.
Roman . Times New Roman.
Script , .
Script Cursive.
Swiss .
Arial.
WinGdi.h
FF_DECORATIVE, FF_DONTCARE, FF_MODERN, FF_ROMAN, FF_SCRIPT
F F S W I S S . , .
Win32
: , , TrueType, .

. , , . , . TrueType
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TrueType . , .
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,
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, TrueType . TrueType
. ,

168

II.

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TrueType

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fon. TrueType
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Symbol;

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Microsoft Windows 3.1 Windows 24 , , , , .

6.

169

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Win32.
,
, EnumFontFamilies ChooseFont.

EnumFontFamilies,
,

170

II.

, ,
, ,
EnumFontFamiiies.
, .
chooseFont Font (),
. 6.1.
. , (,
), (,
). CHOOSEFONT.

-ont style:
Regular

Font:
Arial Black
'1 Arial Cyr
Atial Narrow
1? Bookman Old Style
0 Comic Sans MS
Courier
Effects

sSBHHH
talic
Bold
Bold Italic

20

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Sample

" Strikeout

Cancel

Underline

Color:

I Black

Script:
| Cyrillic

This is an OpenType font. This same font will be used on both your
prinlei and your screen.
. 6 . 1 . Font

,
AddFontResource, , . fon,
fnt, ttf fot.
TrueType , .

( ttf). , (
fot). , createScaiabieFontResource
. , -

6.

171

.
,
. , ,
AddFontResource .
, , RemoveFontResource. ,
AddFontResource.

, , , sendMessage WM_FONTCHANGE .
,
, .
Font ()
, chooseFont LOGFONT .
,
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. CreateFont CreateFontlndirect.
C r e a t e F o n t l n d i r e c t ,
CreateFont , C r e a t e F o n t l n d i r e c t LOGFONT.

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s e i e c t o b j e c t .
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GetFontData,
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OUTLINETEXTMETRIC.

,
. . , , " "
, .

6.

173



Win32. ,
, ,
.
Win32 API ,

. :
( )
. , , . .


:
;
;
.

:
SetBkColor,
SetBkMode,
SetTextAlign,
SetTextCharacterExtra,.SetTextColor SetTextJustification.

, , , . ,
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: GetBkColor, GetBkMode, GetTextAlign,
GetTextCharacterExtra, GetTextColor GetTextExtentPoint32.

SetTextAlign ,
. ,
, . . ,
, .
, , .
.


GetTextAlign.

SetTextCharacterExtra
-

174

II.

. .


GetTextCharacterExtra.
GetTextExtentPoint32 S e t T e x t J u s t i f i c a t i o n
.
. GetTextExtentPomt32
.
s e t T e x t J u s t i f i c a t i o n ,
.
,
, setTextcoior.
, ,
setBkCoior,
SetBkMode.

, . .
GetTextCoior.

GetBkColor GetBkMode.
. . ,
.
GetCharWidth32 GetCharWidthFloat
. ,
. Getcharwidth32
.
, GetCharWidthFloat, .
GetcharABCWidths GetCha'rABCWidthsFloat . GetcharABCWidthsFioat ,
GetcharABCWidths TrueType .
,
.

6.

175

,
.
: GetTextExtentPoint32
GetTabbedTextExtent. ,
GetTextExtentPoint32.
GetTabbedTextExtent.
, Win32 API GetTextExtentExPoint,
, .
, .
.
GetTextMetrics, tmAscent
t m D e s c e n t , TEXTMETRIC.


. TrueType

" "g" .
TrueType
GetOutlineTextMetrics otmMacAscent
o t m M a c D e s c e n t , OUTLINETEXTMETRIC.

TrueType GetOutlineTextMetrics.
GetTextMetrics.
GetDeviceCaps, , .
,
,
3040% , . ,
. ,

.

176

II.

, .
. DrawText TabbedTextout Windows Manager USER.DLL,
GDI GDI.DLL.

, , , .

ExtTextout TextOut.
ExtTextout, ExtTextout
.
. ,
DrawText. , , TabbedTextOut.


Text, , .
:
1. Windows , 1, Text.
2. Class View ( ), Text.
3. CTextview Properties ().
Properties ().
4. Properties () Messages (). , .
5. WM_LBUTTONDOWN OnLButtonDown.
6. CTextview
OnLButtonDown.
TextView.cpp,
.
7. OnLButtonDown 6.1.

6.
\ 6.1. CTextView: : OnLButtonDown
//
void CTextView::OnLButtonDown(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
{
CClientDC clientDC(this);
LOGFONT logFont;
CFont
font;
CString Out;
// LOGFONT
logFont.IfHeight
= 12;
logFont.lfWidth
= 0;
logFont.IfEscapement
= 0;
logFont.IfOrientation = 0;
logFont.lfWeight
= FW_NORMAL;
logFont.IfItalic
= 0;
logFont.lfUnderline
= 0;
logFont.IfStrikeout
= 0;
logFont.IfCharSet
= ANSI_CHARSET;
logFont.IfOutPrecision = OUT_DEFAULT_PRECIS;
logFont.IfClipPrecision = CLIP_DEFAULT_PRECIS;
logFont.IfQuality
= PROOF_QUALITY;
logFont.IfPitchAndFamily = VARIABLE_PITCH | FF_ROMAN;
strcpy(logFont.IfFaceName, "MS Sans Serif");
//
sprintf(Out.GetBuffer(16),"[%d,%d]", point.x, point.y);
//
Out.ReleaseBuffer();
//
font.CreateFontlndirect(slogFont);
//
CFont* oldFont = clientDC.SelectObject(Sfont);
//
clientDC.TextOut(point.x, point., Out);

177
I

II.

178

II
clientDC.SelectObject(oldFont);
CView::OnLButtonDown(nFlags, p o i n t ) ;

8. <F5> .
.
9. .
, . 6.2.
UrText-Textl
File Edit Ve
i w Wn
i dow Help

[15.10]

[134.18]

[274.26]
[291,73]

[156,73]

[26,78]

[386,40]

[410,121]
[47,138]
[65,194]

[188,142]

[312.147]
[419,1821

[208,208]

[329,207]

Ready
. 6 . 2 . Text

onLButtonDown.
, , .


. ,
, CDC: :Selectobject, -

6.

179

oldFont. ,
CDC: :TextOut, , , .

.


. . , , ,
OnDraw,
.
, , , .
Text:
1. Class View ( )
CTextDoc Go
Definition ( ).
TextAppDoc.h.
2. CTextDoc // A t t r i b u t e s p u b l i c : :
CUIntArray ;
CUIntArray aY;
3. TextView.cpp onLButtonDown c s t r i n g :
CTextDoc* lpDoc = GetDocument();
//
lpDoc-> aX.Add(point.x);
lpDoc-> aY.Add(point.);
4. OnDraw 6.2.
| 6.2. C T e x t V i e w : : OnDraw

// CTextView
void CTextView::OnDraw(CDC* pDC)
{

//
/ /

180

II.

CTextDoc* pDoc = GetDocument();


ASSERT_VALID(pDoc);
LOGFONT logFont;
CFont
font;
CString Out;
// LOGFONT
logFont.IfHeight
= 12;
logFont.IfWidth
= 0;
logFont.IfEscapement
= 0;
logFont.ifOrientation = 0;
logFont.ifWeight
= FW_N0RMAL;
logFont.IfItalic
= 0;
logFont.IfUnderline
= 0;
logFont.IfStrikeout
= 0;
logFont.ifCharSet
= ANSI_CHARSET;
logFont.lfOutPrecision - OUT_DEFAULT_PRECIS;
logFont.lfClipPrecision = CLIP_DEFAULT_PRECIS;
logFont.IfQuality
= PROOF_QUALITY;
logFont.IfPitchAndFamily - VARIABLE_PITCH I EF_ROMAN;
strcpy(logFont.IfFaceName, "MS Sans Serif"!;
//
font.CreateFontlndirect(slogFont) ;
//
CFont* oldFont = pDC-> SelectObject(bfont);
//
for(int i=0; i < pDoc-> aX.GetSize(); i++){
sprintf (Out.GetBuffer (16) , " [%d, 'id] ", pDoc-> aX[i], pDoc-> aY[i]);
Out.ReleaseBuffer();
pDC-> TextOut(pDoc-> aX[i], pDoc-> aY[i], Out);

//
pDC-> SelectObject(SoldFont) ;
}
5. <F5> .

6.

181

, . OnLButtOnDown OnDraw
, ,
OnDraw .


,
,
LOGFONT. : ,
. Line, ,
. :
1. Windows , 1, Line.
2. Class View ( ), Line.
3. CLineView Properties ().
Properties ().
4. Properties () Messages (). , .
5. WM_LBUTTONDOWN OnLButtonDown.
6.

WM_LBUTTONUP,

WM_RBUTTONDOWN,

WM_RBUTTONDBLCLK WM_MOUSEMOVE.
7. Class View ( )
CLineView Go
Definition ( ).
LineView.h.
8. CLineView DECLARE_MESSAGE_MAPO
:
CClientDC* lpDC;
CPen*
lpPen;
CPen*
oldPen;
int
nWidth;
bool

isDown;

182

II.

9. Class View ( ) CLineView


. LineView.cpp,
CLineView.
10.

6.3.

| 6.3. CLineView
// CLineView
CLineView::CLineView()
{

'

ipDC - NULL;
lpPen = MULL;
oldPen = NULL;
nWidth = 1;
isDown = false;

11.

6.4.

; 6.4. CLineView
// CLineView
//
void CLineView::OnLButtonDown(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
{
IpDC = new CClientDC(this); //
//
lpPen = new CPen(PS_SOLID, nWidth, RGB(0,0,0));
//
oldPen = lpDC-> SelectObject(lpPen);
isDown = true;
lpDC-> MoveTo(point.x, point.y); //
CView::OnLButtonDown(nFlags, point);

6.

183

II
void CLineView::OnLButtonUp(OINT nFlags, CPoint point)
(
lpDC-> SelectObject(oldPen);' //
delete ipPen; //
delete lpDC;
//
isDown = false;
CView::OnLButtonUp(nFlags, point);

//
void CLineView::OnRButtonDown(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
{
nWidth++;
CView::OnRButtonDown(nFlags, p o i n t ) ;

//
void CLineView::OnRButtonDblClk(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
{
if(nWidth > 2)
nWidth -= 2;
else
nWidth = 1;
CView::OnRButtonDblClk(nFlags, point);

//
void CLineView::OnMouseMove(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
{
if(isDown)
lpDC->LineTo(point.x, point.y);
CView::OnMouseMove(nFlags, point);

12.

<F5> .
.

13. , , . , .
7 . 629

184

II.

14. , .
.
15. .
. . 6.3.

File Edit Ve
i w Wn
i dow Help
P'Linel

Ready
. 6 . . Line


onLButtonDown, , .
,
. , ,
, .
onMouseMove, ,
, -

6.

185

,
.
onLButtonup, . ,
, .
onRButtonDown,
.

onRButtonDblcik.
, OnRButtonDown. , ,
, , , ,
, ,
. - , , .
.
, ,
,
,
:
.
,
OnRButtonDown, ,
OnRButtonDblcik, .
. , .


, . , (pattern)
.

186

II.


Brush, ,
. :
1. Windows , 1, Brush.
2. Class View ( ),
Brush.
3. CBrushview Properties ().
Properties ().
4. Properties () Messages (). , .
5. WM_LBUTTONDOWN OnLButtonDown.
6.

. 5 WM_RBUTTONDOWN.

7. Class View ( )
CBrushview
Go To Definition ( ). Brush View. h.
8. CBrushview DECLARE_MESSAGE_MAPO
:
int

nBrushStyle;

9. Class View ( ) CBrushview


. BrushView.cpp, CBrushview.
10. .
// CBrushview
CBrushview::CBrushview()
{

nBrushStyle

= 0;

11.
6.5.
: 6.5. CBrushview
// CBrushview
//
void CBrushview::OnLButtonDown(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)

6.

187

CClientDC dc(this);
CBrush* lpBrush;
CPen

//

pen(PS_SOLID, 0, RGB(0,0,255));

//

//
CPen*

oldPen = dc.SelectObject(spen);

//
if(nBrushStyle)
lpBrush = new CBrush(nBrushStyle - 1, RGB(0,0,0));
else
lpBrush = new CBrush(RGB(255,0,0));
//
CBrush*

oldBrush = dc.SelectObject(lpBrush);

//
dc.Rectangle(point.x, point.y, point.x + 40, point. + 40);
dc.SelectObject(oldBrush) ;
dc.SelectObject(oldPen);
//
delete

lpBrush;

CView::OnLButtonDown(nFlags, point);
}
//
void CBrushAppView::OnRButtonDown(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
{
nBrushStyle++;
nBrushStyle

%= 7;

CView. :OnRButtonDown (nFlags, point) ;

12. <F5> .
.
13.
. ,
, . 6.4.

II.

188
Brush-Brushl
File Edit View Window Help
P Brush 1

Ready
. 6.4. Brush

onLButtonDown, . , . , ,
. ,
.
.
,
. ,
. ,
, .
.
onRButtonDown, .

6.

189



.
,
, ,
- .

. 3
,
, . .

cdialog, . Brush
.
:
I. File | Open Solution ( | ). Open Solution ( ),
. 6.5.

Solution
Look in:

History

Desktop

|_| Visual f ti

ttJ

, 1 ' Tools -

' I Brush
' I Console
I Dialog
JLl Line
_JList
_|MDI
Mil
I Progress
JjSDI
_ll Sheet
ijText
_U VSMscros

Favorites
File name:
Files of type: I Solution Files

. 6 . 5 . Open Solution

190

II.

2. Brush ()
Brush (). .
3. Resourse View ( ), Dialog )
Insert Dialog ( ).
, .
4. Resourse View ( ) Dialog (),
IDDDIALOGI
<F4>. Properties ().
5. ID ( ) Properties ()
IDD_BRUSH_DIALOG.
6. Language () Russian () (
).
7.
Caption () Properties ()
" ".
8. Output ( ) .
9. Toolbox () Group Box
( ),
.
10. Caption () Properties () " ".
11. Toolbox () Radio Button () .
12. Caption () Properties () " ".
13. Group (), Misc
( ) Properties (), True ().
14. .. 11 12 ,
: "", "", ", ", ", ", " " " ".
. , . 6.6.
15.
Add Class ( ).
Add Class - Brush ( ), . 6.7.

6.

191

,. Brush - Microsoft Visual C++ [design] -

Fjle dit Veiw Project Build Debug Format lools Wn


idow Hepl
,lp-_l*[>:Hl3lct*:
<P~ > Debug
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d r

X i I Resource View - Brush

Brush.rc (IDD_B...IALOG - Dialog)]

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- .31 Brush
_
) Brush re
!
+ ^_j Accelerator
- _ J Dialog
IDD_ABOUTBOX [Enc
3 IDD_8RU5H_DIALOG
_ J Icon
* _)Menu
_ J String Table
* _ J Toolbar

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*"" ,
,

I IDC RADIQ7 (Radio-button Co J^

; |

Left Text False


Modal Frame False
MuMn
ie
False
Notify
False
Push Lite False
(Name)

Ready

. 6.6.
I Add Class - Brush
lemplates:

Categories:

Snapln

Iransacti,,, ^1

ATL OLEDB ATL OLEDB ATL


Consumer Provider Performanc...
ATL Property ATL Sm
i pe
l Generic Class
Page
Object

j Add an MFC class.

MFC Class MFC Ca


l ss MFC ODBC j j
Open

Cancel

. 6.7. Add Class - Brush

Help

II.

192

16. Templates () MFC Class (


MFC) Open (). MFC
Class Wizard ( MFC), . 6.8.

MFC Class Wizard - Bmm


Welcome to the MFC Class Wizard
This wizard adds a class that inherits from MFC to your project. Options may change
depending on the base class selected.
DHTML resource ID:
HTM file;
Automation:
& None
Automation

C (Treatable by type ID

" Active accessibility

Finish

Cancel

Help

. 6.8. MFC Class Wizard - Brush


17. Class name ( ) CBrushDiaiog.
18. Base class ( ) CDialog.
19. Dialog ID
( ) IDD_BRUSH_DIALOG ( ).
20. BrushDialog.cpp
Finish (). MFC Class Wizard - Brush (
MFC) .
21. Class View ( ), Brush.
22. CBrushDiaiog Add | Add Variable ( | ). Add Member Variable Wizard - Brush
( ), . 6.9.

6.

193

Add Member Variable Wizd - Brush


Welcome to the Add Member Variable Wizard
This wizard adds a member variable to your class, struct, or union.

Access:
" Control variable

Variable type:

fbooi
Variable name:

Comment (// notation not required);

J
Fn
is
ih

Cancel

Hep
l

. 6 . 9 . Add Member Variable Wizard - Brush

23. Control variable ( ).


24. Control ID
( )
IDC_RADI01.

25. Category () Value


().
26. Variable type ( ) i n t .
27. Variable name ( )
m nBrush Finish ().
28. BrushView.cpp
ttinclude "BrushView.h" #include "BrushDialog.h".
29. OnRButtonDown 6.6.
j 6.6. CBrushView: :OnRButtonDown
//
void CBrushView::OnRButtonDown(UINT nFlags, CPoint p o i n t )

II.

194
//

nBrushStyle++;

//

nBrushStyle

%= 7;

CBrushDiaiog

dig;

dlg.m_nBrush

= nBrushStyle;

//
//

//
if (dlg.DoModaK) == IDOK)
nBrushStyle

= dlg.m_nBrush;

CView::OnRButtonDown(nFlags, p o i n t ) ;

30. .
31. . , . 6.10.


OK

Cancel

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. 6.10.
32.
. .
33. .
, .
34. .. 3133 .
OnRButtonDown CBrushDiaiog.
mnBrush -

6.

195

nBrushstyle CDialog: :DoModai,


onRButtonDown .
,
nBrushstyle
m_nBrush.

m_nBrusn nBrushstyle ,
.
.


. ,
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- (device-independent bitmaps DIB). bmp
, .
- (device-dependent bitmap DDB).

, Windows .

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, .
- DDB,

196

II.

, .
:
1. DDB , 1. .
2. Class View ( ) DDB.
3. CDDBView Add | Add Variable ( | ). Add Member Variable Wizard
( ).
4. Variable Type ( )
CRect, Variable name ( )
m_Rect Finish ().
5. .. 3 4 was__copied,
booi.
6. CDDBView Properties ().
7. Properties () Messages
(). ,
CDDBView.

8. WM_LBUTTONDBLCLK.
9. CDDBView Go To Definition (
).
DDBView.h.
10. booi was_copied;
BYTE m_Buffer[327 68];
11. Class View ( ) CDDBView,

onLButtonDbicik
Go To Definition ( ). DDBView.cpp, .
12. OnLButtonDbicik 6.7.
| 6.7. CDDBView: :OnLButtonDbicik
// CDDBView
//
void CDDBView::OnLButtonDbicik(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)

6.

197

CClientDC pDC(this); //
CDC
memDC;
//
CBitmap m_Bitmap;
//
int

wd = m_Rect. Width () >> 2;

//
m_Bitmap.CreateCompatibleBitmap(&pDC, wd, m_Rect.Height());
memDC.CreateCompatibleDC(&pDC) ;
//
CBitmap* oldBitmap = memDC.SelectObject(&m_Bitmap);
if(m_Rect.PtlnRect(point)) //
{
int nRect = (point.x m_Rect.left)/wd;
memDC.BitBltIO, 0, wd, 40, SpDC, m_Rect.left + nRect*wd, 10, SRCCOPY);
m_Bitmap.GetBitmapBits(327 68, m Buffer);
was_copied = true;
}
else //
{
CRect rect;
GetClientRect(rect);
if(was_copied && (point.x < (rect.right wd)) && (point. <
(rect.bottom - 40))){
m_Bitmap.SetBitmapBits(32768, m_Buffer);
pDC.BitBlt ( p o i n t . x , p o i n t . y , wd, 40, memDC, 0, 0, SRCCOPY);

//
memDC.SelectObject(SoldBitmap);
CView::OnLButtonDblClk(nFlags, point);

13. OnDraw 6.8.


I 6.8. CDDBView: : OnDraw

// CDDBView
void CDDBView::OnDraw(CDC* pDC)

198

II.

//
//
CDDBDoc* pDoc = GetDocument();
ASSERT_VALID(pDoc);
//
CRect rect;
GetClientRect(rect);
if((rect.Width() > 24) && (rect.Height() > 80)) //
{"
//
m_Rect = CRect(10, 10, rect.right - 10, 50);
int wd = m_Rect.Width() 2;
rect = m_Rect;
rect.right = rect.left + wd;
pDC->FillRect(rect, &CBrush(RGB(0, 0, 0)));
rect.left = rect.right;
rect.right += wd;
pDC->FillRect(rect, SCBrush(RGB(255, 0, 0)));
rect.left = rect.right;
rect.right += wd;
pDC->FillRect(rect, SCBrush(RGB(0, 255, 0) ) ) ;
rect.left = rect.right;
rect.right += wd;
pDC->FillRect(rect, &CBrush(RGB(0, 0, 255)));
}
was_copied = false;

14. <F5> . , . 6.11.

6.

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II.

200

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m_Rect. , wd, .
CDC: : F i i i R e c t , .
onDraw , , was_copied FALSE, , , ,
.
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File Edit Ve
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PDDBI

Ready
. 6.12.

O n L B u t t o n D b l C l k . CDC C B i t m a p .

memoc, CDC, , , .
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CBitmap

CBitmap: : C r e a t e C o m p a t i b l e B i t m a p , -

6.

201

, , . ,

CDC

CDC: :CreateCompatibieDC, , .
CBitmap. CBitmap .
CDC::SelectObject.

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202

II.

CBitmap: : SetBitmapBits,
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, ,
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, . , , ,
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, m_Buffer .
Microsoft
. Visual C++ 6.0 Add Member Variable
( ) . , Visual C++ 7.0
.

-
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2. Class View ( ) DIB.
3. CDDBView Add | Add Variable ( |
). Add Member Variable Wizard (
).

6.

203

4. Variable Type ( )
BITMAPINFO*, Variable name ( )
m i n f o Finish ().
5. Class View ( ) CDiBView,

Go To Definition ( ).
DIBView.cpp, CDiBView.
6.

CDiBView 6.9.

! 6.9. CDiBView
// CDiBView
CDiBView::CDiBView()
{
// BITMAPINFO
m_Info
= (BITMAPINFO*) new char[ sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) +
(sizeof(RGBQUAD) 8) ];
//
m_Info-> bmiHeader.biSize
= sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);
m_Info-> bmiHeader.biWidth
= 4;
m_Info-> bmiHeader.biHeight
=0;
m_Info-> bmiHeader.biPlanes
= 1;
m_Info-> bmiHeader.biBitCount
= 8;
m_Info-> bmiHeader.biCompression = BI_RGB;
m_Info->
m_Info->
m_Info->
m_Info->

bmiHeader.biSizelmage
=
bmiHeader.biXPelsPerMeter
bmiHeader.biYPelsPerMeter
bmiHeader.biClrUsed

m_Info-> bmiHeader.biClrlmportant

0;
= 0;
= 0;
= 0;
= 0;

//
for(int i=0; i < 256; i++)
{
m_Info-> bmiColors[i].rgbBlue
= (BYTE) i;
m_Info-> bmiColors[i].rgbGreen = (BYTE) i;
m_Info-> bmiColors[i].rgbRed
= (BYTE) i;

204

II.
m_Info-> bmiColors[i].rgbReserved = 0;

}
CDIBView::-CDIBView()
delete m_Info;
}
7. OnDraw 6.10.
j 6.10. CDIBView: :OnDraw
// CDIBView
void CDIBView::OnDraw(CDC* pDC)
{
//
//
CDIBDoc* pDoc = GetDocument ;
ASSERT_VALID(pDoc);
int i, k, q;
CRect Draw__Rect;
//
GetClientRect(Draw_Rect);
// BITMAPINFO
int Rect_Height = Draw_Rect.Height();
int Rect__Width = Draw_Rect .Width ();
HDC hDc
= pDC-> GetSafeHdc();
m_Info-> bmiHeader.biHeight
= Rect_Height;
m_Info-> bmiHeader.biSizelmage = Rect_Height 2;
m_Info-> bmiHeader.biXPelsPerMeter = (::GetDeviceCaps(hDc,
HORZRES)*1000)/::GetDeviceCaps(hDc, HORZSIZE);
m_Info-> bmiHeader.biYPelsPerMeter = (::GetDeviceCaps(hDc,
VERTRES)*1000)/::GetDeviceCaps(hDc, VERTSIZE);
char
Frg[8192];
for(i=0; i < Rect Width;

6.

205

II
q = i & 3;
for(k=0; k < Rect__Height; k++)
Frg[ (k 2) + q] = (char) (i+k) ;
if(q == 3)
::SetDIBitsToDevice(hDc, i - 3, 0, 4, Rect_Height, 0, 0, 0,
Rect_Height, Frg, m_Info, DIB_RGB_COLORS);

//
if(q != 3)
: :SetDIBitsToDevice (hDc, i q, 0, q+1, Rect__Height, 0, 0, 0,
Rect_Height, Frg, m_Info, DIB RGB COLORS);

<F5> . , . 6.13. (, .)

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10. .
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BITMAPINFO, - (DIB) .
,
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bmiHeader,

BITMAPINFOHEADER. , .
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6.

207

RGBQUAD, , .
BITMAFIHFO ,
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2. Text () Open
().

7.

209

. 7 . 1 . Open Solution
3.

TextView.cpp OnLButtonDown lpDoc-> a Y . A d d ( p o i n t . ) ;


//
lpDoc-> SetModifiedFlag();

4. TextDoc.cpp
Serialize 7.1.
] 7.1. CTextDoc: : S e r i a l i z e
// CTextDoc
void CTextDoc::Serialize(CArchives ar)
int
i, n;
if (ar.IsStoring())
{

//
n = aX.GetSizef) ;
ar n;
for(i=0; i < n; i)

210

II.
ar
ar

else
//
;
.SetSize();
aY.SetSize(n);
for(i=0; i < n; i
ar aX[i];
ar aY[i];

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7. File | Close ( | )
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Open (), . 7.5.

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213

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ID_FILE MRU FILE7
i ID FILE MRU FILE8
i ID_FILE_MRU_FILE9
ID_FILE_MRU_FILE10
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i Value
128

i Caption
Text

57344
57345
59136
59137
59138
59139
59140
59141
57600
57601
57602
57603
57604
57605
57606
57607
57609
57664
57665
57616
57617
57618
57619
57620
57621
57622
57623
57624
57625
57626

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EXT
CAP
NUM
SCRL
OVR
REC
Create a new document\nNew
Open an existing document\nOpen
Close the active document\nClose
Save the active document\n5ave
Save the active document with a new name\nSave As
Change the printing options\nPage Setup
Change the printer and printing options\nPrint Setup
Print the active documenUnPrint
Display full pages\nPrint Preview
Display program riforrnation, version number and copynght\nAbout
Quit the application prompts to save documents\nExit
Cpen this document
Open this document
Open this document
Open this document
Open this document
Open this document
Open this document
Open this document
Open this document
Open this document
Open this document

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214

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4.

"\nTextApp\nTextApp\nTextApp file
(*.tpf)\n.tpf\nTextApp.Document\nTextAp Document",
5. Text.cpp
initinstance return TRUE,- :
//
CString

Work_Dir;

Work_Dir = GetProfileString("CONTROL","DIR","c:\\");
SetCurrentDirectory(Work_Dir) ;

6. TextDoc.cpp
Serialize 7.2.
I 7.2. CTextDoc: : S e r i a l i z e
// CTextDoc
void CTextDoc: :Serialize(CArchives. ar)
{

int

i, n;

CWinApp*

pApp = AfxGetApp();

if (ar.IsStoringO )
{
//
n = aX.GetSizeO ;
ar n;
for(i=0; i < n;
ar

aX[i];

ar

aY[i];

}
//
char

Cur_Dir[_MAX_DIR];

GetCurrentDirectory(_MAX_DIR, Cur_Dir);
ASSERT(pApp-> WriteProfileStringf"CONTROL","DIR",Cur_Dir));
else
//
ar

n;

aX.SetSize(n);

7.

215

aY.SetSize(n);
for(i=0; i < n;
ar

aX[i];

ar

aY[i];

7. <F5> .
8. .
9. File | Save ( | ).
Save As ( ), . 7.7.

& -

SYSTEM (:)
r
v;
f.

_J ARCHIV
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msdownld.tmp
_J Multimedia Files
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WN
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File name:
Sa/eastype:

JTextApp file ("tpf)

Cancel

. 7 . 7 . Save As

10. , ,
Save (). Save As ( ) .
11. File | Open ( | )
Open () .
Open (), . 7.8.
12. TextAppl.tpf Open
(). , , .
8 . 629

II.

216

Look in. [
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4=

File name:
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TextApp file (".tpf)

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Open |
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. 7.8. Open
Save As ( ),
. 7.7, , . 7.4, ,
Save as type (
) "TextApp file (*.tp0", Save in ( ) "SYSTEM (:)",
, :
tpf.
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217

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,
,
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cur_Dir ,
.
w r i t e P r o f i l e S t r i n g , . cwinApp, , AfxGetApp.

cwinApp: : G e t P r o f i i e s t r i n g , , , ,
, ,
, , .
CText: : i n i t i n s t a n c e ,
.
. i n i t i n s t a n c e
, cwinApp, .

SetCurrentoirectory, .

218

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.
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.
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CFiie
CArchive
CFiie MFC .
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MFC.
CFiie . 2.
.

CDocument: : s e r i a l i z e .

7.

219

,
.
, , ,
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.
Text,
. :
1. File | Open Solution ( | ) Open Solution ( )
Text (), Text Open ().
File | Recent Projects ( | )
.
Visual C++ ,
.
2. Class View ( ), Text ()
cTextview.
3. Properties ().
Properties ().
4. Properties () Messages (). , .
5. WMRBUTTONDOWN
. CTextview OnRButtonDown.
6. Class View ( ) CTextview

OnRButtonDown. TextView.cpp, .
7. OnRButtonDown 7.3.
I 7.3. C T e x t v i e w : :OnRButtonDown
//
void CTextview::OnRButtonDown(UINT nFlags,

CPoint point)

//
CTextDoc*

lpDoc = GetDocument();

CFileException
int

fe;

i , n;

if(lpDoc-> GetPathName() == "") //

II.

220

CView::OnRButtonDown(nFlags, p o i n t ) ;
return;

// CFile
CFile* lpFile = lpDoc-> GetFile(lpDoc-> GetPathName(),
CFile::modeRead | CFiie::shareDenyNone, &fe) ;
if(fe.m cause)

//

{
::MessageBox(0, " ", ""
_ | MB_SYSTEMMODAL) ;
CView::OnRButtonDown(nFlags, point);
return;

//
lpFile->Read(&n,

sizeof(int));

//
lpDoc-> aX.SetSize(n);
lpDoc-> aY.SetSize(n);
//
f o r ( i = 0 ; i < n; i++)
{

lpFile->Read(&lpDoc-> a X [ i ] , sizeof(UINT)
lpFile->Read(&lpDoc-> a Y [ i ] , sizeof(UINT)

//
lpDoc->ReleaseFile(lpFile, true);
//
lpDoc-> SetModifiedFlag(FALSE);
//
Invalidate();
CView::OnRButtonDown(nFlags, point);

7.

221

8. <F5> .
9. Open () ,
tpf Open
(). ( ,
, .)
10. .
11.
.
12. . .
OnRButtonDown CDocument::GetFiie. , , ,
CDocument CFiie.
, ,
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. , . .

222

II.

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CDocument::ReleaseFile.
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CFiie
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,
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CFiie, ,
, / -

7.

223

. (. 2).
Text CFile,
/:
1. File | Open Solution ( | ) Open Solution ( )
Text (), Text Open ().
File | Recent Projects ( | )
.
Visual C++ ,
.
2. Class View ( ), Text ()
CTextDoc.
3.

Add | Add Variable


( | ). Add Member
Variable Wizard - Text ( ).

4. Variable type ( )
CFile*, Variable name ( )
l p C i i p F i l e Finish ().
5. .. 24 lpOutFile, CFile*.
6. TextView.cpp OnLButtonDown lpDoc-> aY.Add(point.);
:
//
lpDoc-> lpClipFile-> Write(Spoint.x, sizeof(LONG));
lpDoc-> lpClipFile-> Write(spoint.y, sizeof(LONG));
7. onRButtonDown 7.4.
! 7.4. CTextView: : OnRButtonDown
//
void CTextView::OnRButtonDown(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
{

int
CString

i, n;
File_Name;

//
CTextDoc* lpDoc = GetDocument();

224

II.

//
CWinApp* pApp = AfxGetApp();
VERIFY(pApp-> m_pDocManager != NULL);
// ,
if (pApp-> m pDocManager-> DoPromptFileName (File_Name,
AFX_IDS_SAVEFILE,
OFN_HIDEREADONLY | OFN_PATHMUSTEXIST, FALSE, NULL))
{
//
char Cur_Dir[_MAX_DIR];
GetCurrentDirectory(_MAX_DIB, Cur_Dir);
VERIFY(WriteProfileString("CONTROL","DIR",Cur_Dir));
//
try
{
lpDoc-> lpOutFile = new CFile(File_Name,
CFile::modeCreate I CFile::modeKeadWrite
CFile::shareDenyNone) ;

}
// ,
catch (...)
{
::MessageBox(0, " ",
"", MBJDK ] MB_SYSTEMMODAL);
exit(l);

//
UINT nTemp;
n = lpDoc-> lpClipFile-> GetLengthO / (2*sizeof (UINT) ) ;
lpDoc-> lpOutFile-> Write(&n, sizeof(int));
lpDoc-> lpClipFile-> SeekToBegin();
while(ipDoc-> lpClipFile-> Read(&nTemp, sizeof(LONG)))
lpDoc-> lpOutFile-> Write(SnTemp, sizeof(LONG));

//
CFileException fe;
if(lpDoc-> GetPathName() == "")

//

7.

225

CView::OnRButtonDown(nFlags, point);
return;
}
// CFile
CFile* lpFile = lpDoc-> GetFile(lpDoc-> GetPathName(), CFile::modeRead
CFile::shareDenyNone, Sfe);
if(fe.m_cause)

//

::MessageBox(0, " ",


"", _ I MB_SYSTEMMODAL);
CView::OnRButtonDown(nFlags, point);
return;

//
lpFile->Read(&n, sizeof(int));
//
lpDoc-> aX.SetSize(n);
lpDoc-> aY.SetSize(n);
//
for(i=0; i < n;
lpFile->Read(&lpDoc-> aX[i], sizeof(UINT);
lpFile->Read(&lpDoc-> aY[i], sizeof(UINT))

//
lpDoa->Relea"seFile (lpFile, true) ;
//
lpDoc-> SetModifiedFlaglFALSE);
//
Invalidate();
CView::OnRButtonDown(nFlags, point);

226
8.

II.

TextDoc.cpp #include
"Text.h"
#include <io.h>

9.

CTextDoc 7.5.

I 7.5. CTextDoc

// CTextDoc
CText Doc::CText Doc
: lpClipFile(NULL)
, lpOutFile(NULL)
{
struct _finddata_t file;
long
hFile;
CString
File_Name = ":\\ . ";
//
if((hFile = _findfirst(File_Name, sc_file)) != -1L )
f
::MessageBox(0, " ", "", MBJDK I MB_SYSTEMMODAL);
exit(1);
}
_findclose(hFile);
//
try
{
lpClipFile = new CFile(File_Name, CFile::modeCreate
CFile::modeReadWrite | CFile::shareDenyNone);
SetFileAttributes(File_Name, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN);
lpOutFile = NULL;

//
catch (...)

7.

227

::MessageBox(0, " ",


"", _ I MB^SYSTEMMODAL);
exit (1) ;

CTextDoc::-CTextDoc()
{
//
CString
F_Name = lpClipFile-> GetFilePath()
//
lpClipFile-> Closed;
//
if(lpOutFile)
lpOutFile-> Close();
//
delete lpClipFile;
delete lpOutFile;
//
CFile: -.Remove (F_Name) ;

10. Text.
CText:: i n i t i n s t a n c e :
// Dispatch commands specified on the command l i n e . Will return FALSE if
//
app
was
/Unregister.
if

launched

with

/RegServer,

/Register,

/Unregserver

or

(!ProcessShellCommand(cmdlnfo))
return FALSE;

11. <F5> .
12. File | Open ( | )
Open () .
13.

Open () TextApp I .tpf, , Open ().

228

II.

14. , , TextAppl.tpf.
15. . .
16. .
Save As ( ). .
, Save As ( )
, ,
. 7.9.

^JSJxJ

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lf
iij*]TextApp.tp
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ArangecIons
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li name: " PPaassetet Shortcut

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tpe
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l
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*] j Save

] Cancel
-.

. 7 . 9 . Save As

17. File name ( ) TextApp2 Save (). , .


18. File | Open
( | ).
19. Open () TextApp2.tpf Open ().
,
.

7.

229

onLButtonDown ,
.
CFile: :write,
, , .
OnRButtonDown ,
, .
,
Save
As
(
).

CDocManager: : DoPromptFileName. m_pDocManager,


CDocManager, cwinApp. cwinApp
AfxGetApp. CDocManager: : DoPromptFileName .
c s t r i n g , , . . Open () AFX_IDS_OPENFILE, Save As
( ) AFX_IDS_SAVEFILE.
,
. :
OFN_HIDEREADONLY ,
" ";
OFN_PATHMUSTEXIST ;
OFN_FILEMUSTEXIST , .
BOOL . TRUE, TO
Open (),
Save As ( ). , ,
CDocTempiate,
. , Files of type (
) ( Open ()) Save as type ( ) ( Save As ( ))
.
All Files ("*.*) ( ).
,
Files of type ( ) Save as type ( )
,

(. 2).

230

II.

Save As ( ) Save (), CDocManager::DoPromptFileName , ,


Save As ( ).
,
S e r i a l i z e .
OnRButtonDown
CFile
l p o u t n i e .
. MessageBox,
, e x i t .
CFile
,
.
CFile: :GetLength,
. .

,
CFile: :SeekToBegin, .
.
CFile: :Read

C F i l e : : w r i t e . CFile: :Read , ,
, . .
.
OnRButtonDown .
CTextDoc
CFile. , , , . ,
. , CTextDoc,
. ,
, , , .
, ,
CFile -

7.

231

CMainFrame ,
. .
, .
, (, ).
,
, , , . ,
, .
, ,
1
, CFile
,
s e t F i i e A t t r i b u t e s , .

"" , : " ?", .
CTextDpc
CFile, .
* ,
C F i i e : : G e t F i l e P a t h , .
,
. , ,
GetFileName , .
CFile: :close, . ,
, .
CFiie , , CFile: :close .
CFiie .
CFile
. CFile::Remove, . ,
,
Microsoft.
CText: : i n i t i n s t a n c e , ,

232

II.

.
.


16- Windows , ini. ,
,
,
, . 32- Windows . , , ,
"" , , , .
Windows ,
, .
, . RegEdit.exe Windows.
Start (), , Run (). Run (), . 7.10.

Type the name of a program, folder, document, or


Internet resource, and Wn
i dows wil open it for you.
Open:
Cancel

Browse.,

. 7 . 1 0 .

Open () "regedit",
. 7. . Registry Editor
( ), . 7.11.
.
, -

7.

233

.
,
.
: Registry Editor
Registry Edit Ve
i w Favorites Hep
l
My Computer
_J HKEY_CURRENTJJSER
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHN
IE
HKEYJJSERS
HKEY_CURRENT_CONFG
I

Name
'^(Default)

Type
REG_SZ

Data
(value not set)

My Computer\HKEY_CLA55ES_ROOT
. 7 . 1 1 . Registry Editor


, . 7..
:
> HKEY_CLASS_ROOT
, , . , ,
, ;
HKEY_CURRENT_USER , . ,
;
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE ;

234

II.

HKEY_USERS , , ;
HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG ;
HKEY_DYN_DATA ,
. . .
. 7.12 CONTROL, .

ft Registry Editor
Registry Edit Ve
i w Favorites Hep
l
- ^ My Computer
* Name
+ _J HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT
^(Default)
- _| Hr"Ef_CURRENT_USER
+ | AppEvents
I Consoe
l
+ | Control Panel
I Environment
+ | Identities
+ I Kevboard Layout
+ ] Printers
+ j RenioteAccess
- J Software
+ _J Adobe
+ | Ca
l sses
+ _J Intel
- 1 Local AppWziard-Ger
| Brush
_| DDB
_J DIB
_l Line
_J Projectl
~

Type
REG_SZ
REG_SZ

j Data
_
(value not set)
E:\DAT

I Project2

- _J Text
I Recent File L
_ ] Settings
I MediaLingua
I Microsoft
-rj
;My Computer\HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Locai AppWijard-Generated Applications\Text\CONTROL
. 7 . 1 2 . CONTROL


i n i t i n s t a n c e ,
cwinApp, SetRegistryKey,
. Registry Editor ( ) ,

Software,
,

,

HKEY_CURRENT_USER. , -

7.

235

. AppWizard "Local AppWizard-Generated Applications"


( , AppWizard).
, , ,
, , .
, , .

L o a d s t d P r o f i i e S e t t i n g s , , , .
, , File
(). ,
. , ,
. ,
, . File ()
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, cwinApp. w r i t e P r o f i l e S t r i n g ,
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G e t P r o f i l e i n t .

, Microsoft
.
Windows
. , Visual C + + , .
Visual C + + , , , , ,
. CEdit CRichEditview.
, . .
, CRichEditview. , ,
WordPad,
, MSDN.



, CEdit,
EditApp,
, .
:
1. , 1
EditApp, MFC Application Wizard EditApp ( MFC) Finish
().
2.

, Generated Classes ( ), . 8.1.

3. Base class ( )
CEditview Finish ().

8,

Generated Classes
Review generated classes and specify base classes for your application,

. 8 . 1 . MFC Application Wizard - EditApp

File Edit View Window Help

I
!
i
Ready
. 8 . 2 .

237

238

II.

4. <F5> . , . 8.2.
, ,
, , , . Edit | Cut ( | ) Edit | ( | ) Edit | Paste ( | )
. , ,
, ,
, . ,
.


. ,
cEdit, ,
. EditApp :
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2. iDR^EditAppTYPE. . , ,
, .
3. Edit () , "
" ( ).
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5. " ",
, "&Find"
<Enter>.
6.
Properties ().
Properties ().
7. ID ( ) I D S E E K , Prompt
() "Finds the specified text\nFind".
8. Dialog (),
EditApp.rc Resource View ( ).

8.

239

9. Insert Dialog (
). .
10. Dialog () IDD_DIALOG1
11. ID (
) Properties () IDD_SEEK.
12. Caption () Properties
() "Find".
13. Cancel (),
, .
14. Toolbox () Edit Box
( ) ,
.
15. ID ( ) Properties
() IDC_SAMPLE.
., EditApp - Microsoft Visual ++1 design] - Him>
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240

16. Toolbox () Static Text


( ) , .
17. Caption () Properties ()
"Find:". , . 8.3.
18. Add Class
( ). MFC Class Wizard - EditApp
( MFC), . 8.4.
19. Class name ( )
cseekDig Base class ( )
CDialog.

20. .h file.
VS Wizards Select File, . 8.5.

MFC Class Wljard - EditApp


Welcome to the MFC Class Wizard
This wizard adds a class that inherits from MFC to your project, Options may change depending
on the base class selected.

Finish

Cancel

Help

. 8 . 4 . A d d Class Wizard - EditApp

21. EditApp View, h


File name ( ) Save ().

8.
VS Wizards Select File
Save in:
EditApp
_JDebug
res
|IV] ChildFrm.h
History
ih] EditApp.h
Jh]EditAppDoc.h
jhp EditAppView.h
My Projects !) MainFrm.h

241\
2]

JCj ?^

Tools -

JV) Resource, h
|K]stdaFx.h

Desktop

Favorites
File name:

Save as type: visual C++ Header Files

Save
Cancel

. 8.5. VS Wizards Select File


22. .. 20 21 . file,
EditAppView.cpp.
23. Finish (). ,
. 8.6, , EditAppView.h ,
.
I Microsoft Development Environment
E:\Documents and Setn
i gs\Nc
ik\My Documents!VsiualStudo
i Proe
j cts\EdtiApp\EdtiAppVe
i w,h arleady exists. Do you want to merge this da.ss into the same file?
If V ?l No |
. . 8.6. Microsoft Development Environment
24. Yes (). , EditAppView.cpp.
25. Yes (). MFC Class Wizard ( MFC) .
26. Class View ( ),
EditApp
27. cseekDig Add | Add Variable ( | -

242

II.
). Add Member Variable Wizard
( ).

28. Control variable ( )


Control ID
( )
IDC_SAMPLE.

29. Category () Value


(), Variable name ( )
m_sample Finish ().
Add Member Variable Wizard (
) .
30. CEditAppView Properties ().
Properties ().
31. Properties () Messages (). , .
32. WMLBUTTONDBLCLK,
. , EditAppView.cpp
.
33. Properties () Events ().
, .
34. ID_SEEK COMMAND.
,
. 32.
35. EditAppView.cpp
CEditAppView
8.1.
| 8.1. CEditAppView: :OnSeek
// CEditAppView
void CEditAppView::OnLButtonDblClk(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
{
//
CEditS edit = GetEditCtrl();
//
UINT n = Oxffff & edit.CharFromPos(point);
while(n< (int) GetBufferLength())

8.

243

edit. SetSel (n,' n, E'ALSE) ; //


Sleep(200);
}
CEditView::OnLButtonDblClk(nFlags, point);

// Edit, Find
void CEditAppView::OnSeek(void)
{
CSeekDlg dig(this); //
//
if(dlg.DoModal() == IDOK) //
{
FindText(dig. Sample); //
}
}

36. <F5> .
37. , .
38.
.
39. ,
. , , .
, , .
,
.
40. Edit | Find ( | ).
Find ().
41. , , . ,
. .
. onLButtonDown CEdit, . CEditView: :GetEditCtrlT

244

II.

, cEdit, CEdit: : CharFromPos,


, , .
,
65 534 , .
, CharFromPos
.

. ,
.
CEditView: :GetBufferLength.

,
. Visual C++, , ,
OnSeek .
, .
c o i a i o g : :DoModai,
. ,
, CEditView: :FindText,
. CEditView: :OnFindNext
, ,
,
.


,
CRichEditview. WordPad, MSDN. -
. , .
, CRichEditview
, RichApp ,
. :
1. , I
RichApp, MFC Application Wiz-

8.

245

ard - RichApp ( MFC)


Finish ().
2. Generated Classes (
).
3. Base class ( )
CRichEditview Finish ().
4. <F5> .
TextApp. . ,
, Word, . RichApp Edit | Paste Special ( |
). Paste Special ( ), . 8.7.

OK

Source: E:\VC7WC08WC08_.doc

As:
<? Paste

!** Paste Link

Microsoft word
Picture (Metafile)
Rich Text (RTF)
Unformatted Text

Cancel
" Display As Icon

-ResultInserts the contents of the clipboard into your


document so that you may activate it using
Microsoft Word 7.0.

. 8 . 7 . Paste Special

, ,
,
.
. .
. . 8.8.
. 8.8 "",

Word. ,
Word.
, Edit | Insert New Object ( | ), Object Type ( ) In-

246

II.

sert Object ( ), . 8.9, Microsoft Word .

UV RichApp - RichApp 1
File

'

* ', . ..
Window

) \

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Object Type:

OK

CtealeNew
Create from File

mage Document
Media Clip
Microsoft Clip Gallery
Microsoft Equation 3.0
Microsoft Map
Microsoft Photo Editor 3.0 Photo
Microsoft Photo Editor 3.0 Scan

Cancel

Display As Icon

Result
Inserts a new Bitmap Image object into your
document.

. 8.9. Insert Object

"

8.

247

"" , .
,
OLE, , CRichEditview.
RichApp :
1. Resource View ( ) EditApp.rc Menu ().
2. iDR_RichAppTYPE. .
3. " ",
,
"&Format".
4. <Enter>. .
5. Format
(), , ,
, View () Window ().
6. Format (), " ",
"&Left" <Enter>.
.
7.
Properties ().
Properties ().
8. Prompt () Properties ()
"Align left\nLeft".
9. , .. 68, "&Center"
"Center text\nCenter".
10. , .. 68, "&Right"
"Align right\nRight".
11. " ",
Insert
Separator ( ). .
12. , .. 68, "&Italic"
"Italic font\nItalic".
13. , .. 68,
"&Underline" "Underlined font\nUnderline".

14. File | Save All ( | )


Save All ( ) Standard
(). , ,
.
9 . 629

248

II.

15. Class View ( ),


RichApp.
16. CRichAppview
Events () Properties (). ,
.
17. IDFORMATCENTER COMMAND. .
18. .
RichAppView.cpp.
19. .. 17 18 ID_FORMAT_ITALIC,
ID_FORMAT_LEFT, ID_FORMAT_RIGHT ID__FORMAT_UNDERLINE.

20. RichAppView.cpp
CRichAppview
8.2.
: 8.2. CRichAppview
II CRichAppview
//
void CRichAppview::OnFormatCenter(void)
{

OnParaAlign(PFA_CENTER);

//
void CRichAppview::OnFormatItalic(void)
{
OnCharEffect(CFM ITALIC, CFE ITALIC);

//
void CRichAppview::OnFormatLeft(void)
{
OnParaAlign(PFA_LEFT);

//
void CRichAppview::OnFormatRight(void)

8.

249

OnParaAlign(PFA RIGHT);

//
void CRichAppView::OnFormatUnderline(void)
{
OnCharEffeet(CFM UNDERLINE, CFE UNDERLINE);

VRichApp-RidlAppl
File Edit View Format Window Help
RichAppI





|
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Ready
. 8 . 1 0 . RichApp
21. <F5> .
22. Format | Italic ( | Italic)
. .
23. Format | Underline ( | Underline)
. .

250

II.

24. Format | Italic ( | Italic)


. .
25. Format | Underline ( | Underline)
. .
26. Format | Right ( | ).
.
27. Format | Center ( | ).
.
28. Format | Left ( J ).
. , . 8.10.
,
.
CRichEditview::OnParaAliqn,
. CRichEditview: :oncharEffect,
, , ,
,
.


,
CRichEditview, ,
CEdit, .
CRichEditview :
1. File | Open Solution ( | ). Open Solution ( )
RichApp RichApp.
.
2. Resource View ( ) RichtApp.rc Menu ().
3. iDR_RichtAppTYPE. .
4. Format (),
, " ",

Insert Separator ( ). .

8.

251

5. "
", , "& Font"
<Enter>.
6.
Properties ().
7. Prompt () "Set user font\nMy
Font".
8. File | Save All ( | )
Save All ( ) Standard
(). , ,
.
9. Class View ( ),
RichApp.
10. CRichAppview
Events () Properties (). ,
.
11. ID_FORMAT_MYFONT COMMAND. .
12. .
RichApp View. cpp.
13. RichAppView.cpp
onFormatMyfont 8.3.
| 8.3. CRichAppView: : OnFormatMyfont
//
void CRichAppView::OnFormatMyfont(void)
{

CHARFORMAT2&

cf = GetCharFormatSelection();

cf.dwMask
I = CFM_COLOR;
cf.yHeight
= 600;
cf.crTextColor =RGB(0, 0, 255);
cf.bCharSet
= ANSI_CHARSET;
Cf.bPitchAndFamily = VARIABLE_PITCH I
strcpy(cf.szFaceName, "MS Sans Serif");

FF_ROMAN;

II.

252

if(cf.dwEffects & CFE_AUTOCOLOR)


cf.dwEffects = 0;
SetCharFormat(cf) ;

14. <F5> .
15. - ,
Format | My Font ( | ).
16. .
, ,
, . 8.11.

UV RichApp - RichApp 1
File Edit Ve
i w Format Wn
i dow Help

m as

"

WRc
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Ready
. 8 . 1 1 . RichApp

CHARFORMAT2, . , ,

8.

253

, CHARFORMAT2, ,
CRichEditview: :oncharEffect , , .
Visual C++ 6.0 CHARFORMAT2
CHARFORMAT, (
) . Visual C++ 7.0 .
CHARFORMAT 2 ,
OnCharEffect, .
OnFont
CHARFORMAT2, .
CRichEditview::GetcharFormatselection, .
CHARFORMAT2 . ,
dwMask CFM_COLOR, (- , ). yHeight
. crTextCoior . bcharSet
. bPitchAndFamily ,
, , . szFaceName .
, dwEffects CFE_AUTOCOLOR, crTextCoior ,
,
. OnFont CRichEditview: :setcharFormat, CRichEditview.
CHARFORMAT2.



Windows. . , ,
,
.
2S1

IMFC Application &

Specify User Interface Features


Specify options that control the look and Peel of your application.

Application Type
Compound Document Support
Document Template Strings
Database Support

Select: man
i frame styles:
^ ;Thick frani^
P? Minimize box
[v* Maxm
i zie box
Minimized
~ Maximised
! System menu

: :

Jser Interface Features

P* Initial status bar

Advanced Features

* Spjt window

Select child frame styles:


fc' Child minimize box
f7 Child maximize box
~ Child minimized
I Child maximized
Select toolbars:
None
f* Standard docking
" Browser style

Generated Classes
Cancel

Help

. 9 . 1 . MFC A p p l i c a t i o n W i z a r d - T o o l



. , .

9.

255

Caps Lock ( ),
Num Lock ( Num) Scroll Lock ( SCRL). , . , .

User Interface Features ( ) MFC Application Wizard - Tool ( MFC),
. 9.1.
, Select toolbars
( ) Standard docking (
). ,
Initial status bar
( ).


, . . 9.2.

D
. 9 . 2 .

, ,

(New, ),

(Save, (Open, )
). , ,

(Cut, ),

(, )

(Paste,

).

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).

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, ,
.

II.

256


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Project

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Ctgjtinq a New Resource
Vjewina Resources in Resource E

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, 9..

9.

257

3.
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,
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, . 9.3.
4. Cut () , .
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5. () Paste ().
.
6. <F5> .
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. 9.4. Tool
- , ,

.

II.

258




, ,
, .
Tool:
1. File | Open Solution ( | ) Open Solution ( )
Tool, Tool Open ().
2. Resource View ( ), Tool.rc.
3. Toolbar Insert Toolbar ( ).
, . 9.5.
, Tool - Microsoft Visual C++1 design]
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. 9 . 5 .

9.

259

4. Toolbar ( ),
IDR_TOOLBARI Properties (). Properties
().
5. ID ( )
Properties () IDR_TOOLBARI
IDRTOOLBAR.
6. Rectangle () Image
Editor ( ) .
7. Show Color Window (
). Colors
(), . 9.3 9.6.
8. Colors
().
9. Fill () Image Editor
( ),
, .
.
10. ID ( ) Properties () ID_SQUARE

( Prompt () ).
11. ,
Prompt () Properties ()
"Draw red square\nSquare". , . 9.6.
12. Menu () Resource View ( )
IDR_MAINFRAME.

.
13. View ().
14. "
", . .
15. "& Toolbar"
.
.
16. My Toolbar ( ), , ,
Toolbar ( ).

260

II.

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ID.SQUARE
\
Prompt
J

6 : 1 Magnification

. 9 . 6 .
Colors

17. ID ( )
Properties () ID VIEW__MYTOOLBAR
File | Save All ( | )
Save All ( ) Standard
(). , ,
.
18. Prompt () Properties ()
"Show or hide the toolbar\nToggle ToolBar".
19. IDRTOOITYPE Resource View (
). .
20. , .. 1319, .
21. "
", . .

9.

261

22. "&Draw"
.
.
23. View () Window
().
24. "
", .
.
25. "&Square"
. .
26. ID ( )
Properties () ID_ SQUARE (
)
File | Save All ( | ) Save All
( ) Standard (). , , .
27. Prompt () Properties ()
"Draw red square\nSquare".
28. Class View ( )
CToolView.

29. Properties () Events ().


, .
30. ID_SQUARE
COMMAND. .
31. .
32. .. 30 31
UPDATE_COMMAND_UI .
33. Class View ( ) CMainFrame.
34. .. 29 32 ID_VIEW_MYTOOLBAR.
35. Properties () Messages (). , .
36. WM_CLOSE
.
37. Class View ( )
CMainFrame
Add | Add variable ( | ).
Add Member Variable Wizard ( ).
38. Variable type ( ) CTooiBar, Variable name ( -

262

II.
) _1 Finish
(). ,

CMainFrame.

39. MainFrm.h.
40. CMainFrame
void OnUpdateViewMytoolbar(CCmdOI *pCmdUI);

BOOL OnMyToolbarCheck(UINT nID) ;
41. MainFrm.cpp

ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI (ID_VIEW_MYTOOLBAR, OnUpdateViewMytoolbar)

ON_COMMAND_EX(ID_PROCESS_TOOLBAR, OnMyToolbarCheck)
42. Oncreate 9.1.
; 9.1. CMainFrame: :OnCreate

//
int CMainFrame::OnCreate(LPCREATESTRUCT lpCreateStruct)
{
//
if (CMDIFrameWnd::OnCreate(lpCreateStruct) == -1)
return -1;
//
if (!m_wndToolBar.CreateEx(this, TBSTYLE^FLAT, WS_CHILD I
WS_VISIBLE I CBRS_TOP I CBRS_GRIPPER | CBRS_TOPLTIPS
CBRS_FLYBY I CBRS_SIZE_DYNAMIC) I I
!m_wndToolBar. LoadToolBar (IDRJ4AINFRAME) )
{
TRACEO("Failed to create toolbar\n");
return -1; //

//
if ( !m_MyToolBar.CreateEx(this, TBSTYLE^FLAT, WS_CHILD | WS__VISIBLE I
CBRS TOP | CBRS GRIPPER | CBRS TOOLTIPS I CBRS FLYBY I

9.
CBRS_SIZE_DYNAMIC) | | !m_MyToolBar.LoadToolBar(IDRJTOOLBAR))
{
TRACEO("Failed to create toolbar\n");
return -1; //

//
if (!m_wndStatusBar.Create(this)

I I

!m_wndStatusBar.Setlndicators(indicators,
sizeof(indicators)/sizeof(UINT) ) )
{
TRACEO("Failed to create status bar\n");
return -1;

//

//
SetWindowLong(m_MyToolBar.m_hWnd, GWL_ID, ID_VIEW_MYTOOLBAR)
//
m_wndToolBar.EnableDocking(CBRS_ALIGN_ANY);
m_MyToolBar.EnableDocking(CBRS_ALIGN_ANY);
EnableDocking(CBRS_ALIGN_ANY);
DockControlBar(&m_wndToolBar) ;
DockControlBar(sm_MyToolBar) ;
//
//
LoadBarState("Local AppWizard-Generated Applications");
return 0;

43. OnClose 9.2.


I 9.2. CMainFrame: :OnClose
// CMainFrame
//
void CMainFrame::OnClose(void)

263

264

II.

//
SaveBarState("Local AppWizard-Generated Applications");
CMDIFrameWnd::OnClose() ;

44.

OnUpdateMyTooibar 9.3.

| 9.3. CMainFrame: :OnUpdateViewMytoolbar


//
void CMainFrame::OnUpdateViewMytoolbar(CCmdUI *pCmdUI)
if (&m_MyToolBar != NULL)

//

//
//
pCmdUI->SetCheck((m_MyToolBar.GetStyle() & WSJVISIBLE) != 0) ,
return;

//

//
pCmdUI->ContinueRouting() ;

45.

9.4.

! 9.4. CMainFrame: :OnMyToolbarCheck


//
BOOL CMainFrame::OnMyToolbarCheck(UINT nID)
if (&m_MyToolBar != NULL)

//

ShowControlBar(&m_MyToolBar,
(m_MyToolBar.GetStyle() S WS_VISIBLE) == 0, FALSE);
return TRUE;
}
return FALSE;

9.

265

46. Class View ( )


CTooiview
Add | Add Variable ( | ).
Add Member Variable Wizard ( ).
47.
) booi,
)
ish ().
ToolAppView.cpp.

Variable type ( Variable name ( bDrawn Fin

48. onSquare 9.5.


j 9.5. C T o o l V i e w : :OnSquare
//
void CToolView::OnSquare(void)
{

CClientDC d c ( t h i s ) ;
CBrush
recffirush(RGB(255,0,0));
CPen
pen(PS_SOLID, 0, R G B ( 0 , 0 , 2 5 5 ) ) ;
CPen +
oldPen - dc.SeiectObject(&pen);
CBrush* oldBrush = dc.SeiectObject(SredBrush);
dc.Rectangle(20, 20, 120, 120);
dc.SeiectObject(oldBrush);
dc. SeiectObject. (oldPen) ;
bDrawn

= true;

49. onUpdateSquare 9.6.


j 9.6. CToolView: :OnUpdateSquare
//
+

void CToolView::OnUpdateSquare(CCmdUI pCmdUI)


f
pCmdUI-> Enable(!bDrawn);

50. onLButtonDown 9.7.

II.

266

! 9.7. CToolView: : OnLButtonDown


// CToolView
//
void CToolView::OnLButtonDown(UINT nFlags,

CPoint p o i n t )

{
bDrawn = false;
Invalidate () ;
CView::OnLButtonDown(nFlags,

point);

51. <F5> .
, . 9.7.

File Edit Ve
i w Draw Wn
i dow Help

. 9 . 7 . Tool
.

9.

267

52. Square () . , Square ()


.
53. . , Square ()
.
54. Draw | Square ( | ). , Square () .
55. Draw () , Square
() .
56.
. Square () , Draw () , . 9.8.

. 9.8. Tool

268

II.

57. View () My Toolbar (


). , . 9.9.

. 9.9. Tool

58. View () My Toolbar ( ).
.
59. , . 9.10.
60. .
.
,

, .
, Visual C++ ,
.

9.

269

. 9.10.

"Jj

Visual C++ 6.0 Visual C++ 7.0


, . (
). Visual C++ 7.0, Visual C++ 6.0,
,
.
CTooiBar
CMainFrame , , CTooiBar
.
,
.
, .
C M a i n F r a m e : : O n C r e a t e , . .

270

II.

, , , , .
.
CTooiBar: :CreateEx .
Windows ( )
CTooiBar.
CTooiBar: :LoadTooiBar, Windows, .

TRACEO, , Windows ,
.
1,
.
. .
. ,
.
.
setwindowLong, . ,
, ,
00000800.
,
, , ,
.
, , , .
ccontrolBar: :EnableDocking ,
.
. CFrameWnd: : EnableDocking,

.
ccontrolBar::EnableDocking.

9.

271

DockControiBar,
.
OnCreate CFrameWnd: : LoadBarState, ,
. ,
cwinApp: :SetRegistryKey,
CToolAppApp::Initlnstance.
CFrameWnd: : LoadBarState -

, CMainFrame Onciose, WM_CLOSE, ,

CFrameWnd: :saveBarstate,
, .

onUpdateMyTooibar

UPDATE_COMMAND_UI,
. ,
, , . , ccmdui: :Setcheck, .
, . cwnd: :Getstyle,
, W S V I S I B L E .
, ,
.
, ,
OnUpdateMyTooibar CCmdUI: : ContinueRouting,

,
,
.
OnMyTooibarCheck ,
.
, ,
. ,
OnUpdateMyTooibar,
, .

CFrameWnd::ShowControlBar, -

.
,
. ,
,
.

272

II.

onMyTooibarCheck TRUE,
FALSE.

CTooiAppview: :OnSquare ,
.
,
,
. onsquare . , , , ,
. bDrawn,

FALSE, TRUE.

onUpdateSquare . ccmdui: : Enable


bDrawn .
, . , , .

onLButtonDown, , bDrawn FALSE i n v a l i d a t e , , onDraw .


, MFC Application Wizard,
, , .
Microsoft , ,
. , , .
, Microsoft ,
, , Microsoft
, Windows.

9.

273

" ",
Microsoft,
, Visual C++.
. MFC , indicators.
. , Microsoft.
, Tool:
1. File | Open Solution ( | ) Open Solution ( )
Tool, Tool Open ().

I Resource Symbols
Name

.g^^^^
ID_SQUARE
ID_VIEW_MYTOOLBAR
IDD_ABOUTBOX
IDP_OLE_INIT_FAILED
IDR_MAINFRAME
IDR_TOOLBAR
IDR_ToolTYPE

xj

136 "
32771
134
100
100
128
132
129

In Use

Close
jjjew...

Delete
Change...

*>

~ Show read-only symbols


Used by:
-not used-

. 9.11. Resource Symbols

Help

II.

274

2. Resource View ( ),
Tool, Tool.rc Resource Symbols ( ). Resource Symbols ( ), . 9.11.
3. New (), New Symbol
( ), . 9.12.
_?

Value:

|
Cancel

jlOl

. 9.12. New Symbol


4. Name ()
ID_INDICATOR_X . .
5. ID_INDICATOR_Y Close () Resource Symbols
( ).
6. Tool.rc, String Table ( ). String Table (group)
[English (U.S.)]. .
7.
.
8. New String (
). .
9. .
, .
10. ID_INDICATOR_X,
. 9.13.
11.
Caption ()
"X".
12. .. 711
ID INDICATOR Y "Y".

9.

275

File Edit Veiw Proe


j ct Bud
li Cebug Toosl ijrdnn Hep
l
Local ApqaWizard-Generdted Apple
J J ' t 1. ,
<P t Cebug
L viavj,- Tool.re (String Table (group))*
_ J Tool re
JD
j y - L | crirn
+
J Accelerator
D
I _EDT
I_REPA
I CE
57641
Replace specific text with different text\nReplace
- _ J Dialog
D
I _EDT
I_SELECT_ALL 57642 Select the entire document\nSelect All
3 toD_ABOUTBO>! [English (I
D
I _EDT
I_UNDO
57643
Undo the last action'inUndo
D
I _ED1T_REDO
57644
Redo the previously undone action\nRedo
_ J Icon
1D_VE
IW_TOOB
I AR 59392 5how or hide the toolbar\nToggle ToolBar
- , j Menu
D
I _VE
I W 5TATUS_BAR 59393 Show or hide the status bar\nToggle StatusBar
Sj IDR_MAINFRAME [English
AFX_D
I S_SCSZ
IE
61184
Change the window size
Sj IDR.ToolTYPE [English (U.:
AFXD
IS_SCMOVE
61185
Change the window position
_JStrng
Table
AFX_D
I S_5CMN
IM
IZ
IE 61186 Reduce the window to an icon
be String Table (group) [Engli:
AFX_D
I S_SCMAXM
IZ
IE 61187 Enlarge the window to full size
+ _ j Toolbar
AFX_D
I S_SCNEXTWrIJ . 61188 Switchtothenext document window
AFX_D
I S_5CPREVWN
I ,. 61189 Switch to the previous document window
+
j Version
AFX_D
I 5_5CCLOSE
61190
Close the active window and prompts to save the documents
AFX_D
I S_SCRESTORE 61202 Restore the window to normal size
AFX_D
I S_3CTASkL
'S
I T 61203 Activate Task List
AFXJDSJ4DC
I HL
ID 61215 Activate this window
AFX_D
I S_PREVE
I W_C. 61445 Close print preview mode\nCancel Preview
' ID SQUARE
32771
Draw red square\nSquare
.11
ID INDICATOR_CAPS
ID INDICATOR_EXT
IDJNDICATOR_KANA
ID INDICATORJJUM
ID_INDICATOR_OVR
IDJMDICATOR REC
5tem32\mfc70?nu.dll'
ID INDICATOR SCRL
ystem32\ir>dicdll.dll'
ysteni32\imrri32.dir
/stem 32>comctl32. dH'
:ed with code 0(0x0),
The program '[1228] Tool.eve: Nahve' has exired wii"h code 0 ().

^ p - [string Editor IStrEd

ID INDICATOR
ID NEXT PANE

. 9 . 1 3 .

13. MainFrm.h
cstatusBar
m_wndstatusBar,- , .
p r o t e c t e d public.
14. MainFrm.cpp
i n d i c a t o r s :
static UINT indicators!] =
{

ID_SEPARATOR,

//

ID_INDICATOR__X,
ID INDICATOR Y,

15. Class View ( ) CToolview


Messages (). , .
16. WM_MOUSEMOVE
.

276

II.

17. Class View ( )


CToolView
Add | Add Variable ( | ).
Add Member Variable Wizard ( ).
18. Variable type ( ) cpoint, Variable name ( ) m Point Finish
().
19. ToolView.h
CToolView
.
//
protected:
DECLARE__MESSAGE_MAP ()

public:
afx_msg void OnLButtonDown(UINT nFlags,

CPoint p o i n t ) ;

void OnSquare(void);
void OnUpdateSquare(CCmdUI *pCmdUl);
afxjrisg void OnMouseMove (DINT nFlags, CPoint p o i n t ) ;
void OnUpdateXPanel(CCmdUI* pCmdUI);
void OnUpdateYPanel(CCmdUI* pCmdUI);

20. ToolView.cpp
CToolView
.
BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CToolView, CView)
//
ON_COMMAND(ID_FILE_PRINT, CView::OnFilePrint)
ONJ2OMMAND(ID_FILE_PRINT_DIRECT, CView::OnFilePrint)
ON_COMMAND(ID_FILE_PRINT_PREVIEW, CView::OnFilePrintPreview)
ON_VM_LBUTTONDOWN ()
ON_WM_MOUSEMOVE()
ON_COMMAND(ID_SQUARE, OnSquare)
ON_UPDATE__COMMAND_UI (IDJ5QUARE, OnUpdateSquare)
ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI (ID_INDICATOR_X, OnUpdateXPanel)
ON_UPDATE__COMMAND_UI (ID_INDICATOR_Y, OnUpdateYPanel)
END_MESSAGE_MAP ()
21. OnMouseMove 9.8.

9.
I 9.8. C T o o l V i e w : : OnMouseMove

277
I

//
void CToolView::OnMouseMove(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
{

//
m_Point = p o i n t ;
CView::OnMouseMove(nFlags, p o i n t ) ;
}

22. OnMouseMove 9.9.


i 9.9.

II
void CToolView::OnUpdateXPanel(CCradUI* pCmdUI)
{
CString text;
text.Format("%d", m_Point.x);
pCmdUI->SetText(text);

//
void CToolView::OnUpdateYPanel(CCmdUI* pCmdUI)
{
CString text;
text.Format("%d", m_Point.y);
pCmdUI->SetText(text);

23. <F5> .
24. .
,
. 9.14.
CToolAppView: : OnMouseMove
. point
.
, m Point .

II.

278

lA-Tool-Tooll
File Edit View Draw Window Help

Ready

1187 =71

. 9 . 1 4 . ,

ON_UPDATE_COMMAND_UI. - ,
.
.
, , .
.

CToolView: :OnUpdateXPanel

CTooiview:: onUpdateYPanei

. c s t r i n g : : Format
,
m p o i n t , , ,
ccmdui: : setText, .

, I D _ I N D I C A T O R _ X
I D _ I N D I C A T O R _ Y
. ,
. . 9.14,
.

9.

279

Microsoft
:
. , , .

:
1. File | Open Solution ( | ) Open Solution ( )
Tool, Tool Open ().
2. MainFrm.cpp
CMainFrame: :OnCreate , 9.10.
I 9.10. CMainFrame: :OnCreate

//
i n t CMainFrame::OnCreate(LPCREATESTRUCT l p C r e a t e S t r u c t )
{

//
if (CMDIFrameWnd::OnCreate(lpCreateStruct)

== -1)

return - 1 ;
//
if (!m_wndToolBar.CreateEx(this, TBSTYLE_FLAT, WS_CHILD I WS_VISIBLE
CBRSJTOP |

CBRS_GRIPPER

CBRS_SIZE_DYNAMIC)

CBRS_TOOLTIPS

CBRS_FLYBY

!m_wndToolBar.LoadToolBar(IDR_MAINFRAME))

TRACEO("Failed to create toolbar\n");


return - 1 ;

//

//
if (!m_MyToolBar.CreateEx(this, TBSTYLE_FLAT, WS_CHILD I WS_VISIBLE I
CBRSJTOP I CBRSJ3RIPPER I CBRS_TOOLTIPS I CBRS_FLYBY |
CBRS_SIZE_DYNAMIC) I I !m_MyToolBar.LoadToolBar(IDRJTOOLBAR))
{
TRACEO("Failed to create toolbar\n");
return -1; //
}
10 . 629

280

II.

II
if (!m_wndStatusBar.Create(this)

!m_wndStatusBar.SetIndicators(indicators,
sizeof(indicators)/sizeof(UINT)))
{

TRACEO("Failed to create status bar\n");


return - 1 ;

//

//
SetWindowLong(m_MyToolBar.m__hWnd, GWL_ID, ID_VIEW_MYTOOLBAR) ;
//
m_wndToolBar.EnableDocking(CBRS_ALIGN_ANY);
mJMyToolBar.EnableDocking(CBRS_ALIGN_ANY);
EnableDocking(CBRS_ALIGN_ANY) ,
DockControlBar(&m_wndToolBar);
DockControlBar(&m_MyToolBar);
//
//
LoadBarState("Local AppWizard-Generated Applications");
//

ra_wndStatusBar.SetPanelnf(m_wndStatusBar.CommandToIndex(ID_INDICATOR_X)
ID_INDICATOR_X, SBPS_NORMAL, 64);
m_wndStatusBar.SetPaneInfo(m_wndStatusBar.CommandToIndex(ID_INDICATOR_Y),
ID_INDICATOR_Y, SBPS^NORMAL, 64);
return 0;
}
3.


#inciude "Tooiview.h"

ToolAppView.cpp

linclude "MainFrm.h"

4.

9.11.

9.
I 9.11. CTooiview
//
void CTooiview::OnMouseMove(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
{
//
CMainFrame* lpFrame = (CMainFrame*) GetParentOwner () ;
//
char szTemp[16];
sprintf(szTemp,"%d", point.x);
lpFrame-> m_wndStatusBar.SetPaneText(lpFrame->
m_wndStatusBar.CommandToIndex(ID_INDICATOR_X), szTemp);
sprintf(szTemp,"%d", point.y);
lpFrame-> m_wndStatusBar.SetPaneText(lpFrame->
m_wndStatusBar.CommandToIndex(ID_INDICATOR_Y), szTemp);
//
m_Point

= point;

CView::OnMouseMove(nFlags, point);

//
void CTooiview::OnUpdateXPanel(CCmdUI* pCmdUI)
{
CString t e x t ;
text.Format("%d", m P o i n t . x ) ;
//

pCmdUI->SetText(text) ;

//
void CTooiview::OnUpdateYPanel(CCmdUI* pCmdUI)
{
CString text;
text.Format("%d", m_Point.y);
// pCmdUI->SetText(text);

281
I

282

II.

5. <F5> .
, .
6. ,
X Y, . 9.15.

Tool-Tool 1
File Edit Ve
i w Draw Wn
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[''GSOT#

Ready
. 9 . 1 5 .

7. .
,
. 9.16.
8.

.
CMainFrame: :OnCreate
, ,

c s t a t u s B a r : : Create ( )
cstatusBar. cstatusBar: : S e t i n d i c a t o r s
, ,

9.

283

, , , .
i n d i c a t o r s , .
OnCreate , 1.

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c s t a t u s B a r : :SetPaneinfo
, . . ,
.
, .
,
,
CDC: :GetTextExtent,

284

II.

csize, . .
CToolAppview: :OnMouseMove.
cwnd: :GetParentOwner, ,
. .
cstatusBar: :SetPaneText, . , . CStatusBar: :CommandToIndex,
. . .
Microsoft ,
. ,
,
CToolView::OnUpdateXPanel CToolView::OnUpdateYPanel -

ccmdui: :SetText, .

10




Windows
MFC .
.

MFC Application Wizard*


Advanced Features
Specify additional support to build into your application.

Advanced features:

dumber of files on recent file list:

" Context-sensitive Help


Application Type
Compound Document Support
Document Template Strings
Database Support

Printing and print preview


Automation
P? ActiveX controls
MAPI (Messaging API)

User Interface Features

" Windows sockets

Advanced Feature

* Active Accessibility

Generated Classes

P? Common Control Manifest

Finish

Cancel

Help

. 1 0 . 1 . MFC Application Wizard - Print

, , Printing and
print preview ( ) Advanced Features
( ) MFC Application Wizard,

286

II.

. 10.1. . ,
" ", . .
.
, ,
.
, , ,
,
.
, , ,
, .


, .

, ,

.
,
, Print ,
. :
1. , 1 Print, MFC Application Wizard - Print
( MFC) Finish ().
2. , Generated Classes ( ), . 10.2.
3. Base class ( )
c s c r o i i v i e w Finish ().
4. Class View ( ). Print
() cPrintDoc.
5. Add | Add Variable
( | ). Add Member
Variable Wizard - Print ( ), . 10.3.
6. Variable type ( ) i n t , Variable name ( )
m_nRects Finish ().

PrintAppDoc.cpp.
7. S e r i a l i z e 10.1.

10.

287

Generated Classes
Review generated classes and specify base classes for your application.

. 1 0 . 2 . MFC AppWizard - Print

ill

Add Member Variable Wtoard - Print

Welcome to the Add Member Variable Wizard


This wizard adds a member variable to your class, struct; or union.
Access:
Variable type:
I trad
Variable name:

_J

Comment (// notation not required):

Finish

Cancel |

Help

. 1 0 . 3 . Add Member Variable Wizard - Print

288

II.

I 10.1. CPrintDoc: : Serialize

// CPrintDoc
void CPrintDoc::Serialize(CArchives ar)
{
if (ar.IsStoringO )
{
//
ar m_nRects;
}
else
{
//
ar mnRects;

8. Class View ( )
CPrintview
Properties (). Properties ().
9. Properties () Messages (). , .
10. WMLBUTTONDBLCLK
.
PrintView.cpp, .
11. onLButtonDbicik 10.2.
] 10.2. CPrintView: :OnLButtonDblClk
// CPrintView
//
void CPrintView::OnLButtonDblClk(UINT nFlags, CPoint point)
{
CPrintDoc*

lpDoc = G e t D o c u m e n t ( ) ;

ASSERT_VALID(lpDoc);
lpDoc-> m _ n R e c t s + + ;
Invalidate () ;

10. 289
CScrollView::OnLButtonDblClk(nFlags, point);
}
12. OnDraw 10.3.
! 10.3. CPrintView: : OnDraw

// CPrintView
void CPrintView::OnDraw(CDC* pDC)
{
CPrintDoc* pDoc = GetDocument();
ASSERT_VALID(pDoc) ;
//
CPen
pen(PS_SOLID, 0, RGB(0, 0, 0) ) ;
CPen*
oldPen = pDC-> SelectObject(&pen);
f o r ( i n t i=0; i < pDoc-> m_nRects; i
pDC-> Rectangle(50, 50+500*i, 250, 250+500*i);
pDC-> SelectObject(oldPen) ;
//
CSize ' docSize(300, 300 + 500*pDoc-> m_nRects);
CRect

rect;

GetClientRect(srect);
CSize

pageSize(rect.right, rect.bottom);

CSize

lineSize(0, 500);

SetScrollSizes(MM_TEXT, docSize, pageSize, lineSize)

13. <F5> .
14. .
, ,
. 10.4.
15. . .
16. . , , . 10.5.
,
, " ".

290

II.

. 1 0 . 4 .

File Edit View Window Help

Ready
. 1 0 . 5 .

10.

291

17. . , . 10.6. "


", .

IrV Print -Printl

Edit

View

Window Help

,..#

Ready
. 1 0 . 6 .

18. Save () . Save As ( ).


19. Save
().
20. Open () . Open ().
21.
Open (). ,
, , .
, . ,
, .

292

II.

, CPrintAppDoc: :Serialize, , ,
.
CPrintAppView: : OnLButtonDblClk -

.

cview: :GetDocument , , . .
mnRects, .
cwnd:.: invalidate,
.
onDraw.
, OnLButtonDblClk, , ,
. ,
oldPen. CDC: :Rectangle.
.

. csize.
docsize . , 50 .
pagesize .

. ,
C W n d : : G e t C l i e n t R e c t .

linesize .

.

cscroiiview: : setscroiisizes.
.
TEXT, , Y .

10.

293


GDI
- . . Windows
( ) , . , : ,
.
. 10.1.
10.1.

MM TEXT

MM

0.01

HIMETRIC

MM TWIPS

1/1440

MM

0.001

MM LOMETRIC

0.1

MM LOENGLISH

0.01

MM ISOTROPIC

(X=Y)

MM ANISOTROPIC

(X!=Y)

HIENGLISH

Windows . , X
, Y .
. . WMMOVE
CreateWindow,

MoveWindow,

GetCursorPos,

SetCursorPos,

GetWindowRect

windowFromPoint. createDC,
GDI .

294

II.


. , , .
Getwindowoc.
GDI, , .
.
.
GDI Getoc BeginPaint, ,
.

CWnd::ScreenToClient.

,
.
, .

, .
, ,
.



, MFC
, .
,
.
Print:
1. PrintApp.
2. <F5> .
3.
.
4. File | Print Preview ( | ). ,
. 10.7.

10.

295

J>r Print - Printl


File Edit Ve
i w Wn
i dow Hep
l
"f

. 10.7.
5. . .
6. . , ,
. 10.8.
7. . , . 10.9.
8. Zoom Out ().
, . 10.8.
9.

Zoom Out (), , Two Page ( ).

10. , . 10.10.
11. Close () .
12. PrintAppView.cpp.
13. OnDraw 10.4.

II.

296
liUPrint-Print!
File Edit Sew Window Help
Q

Zoom|n j Zoom Qu(

CTQS.^

Pagel

. 10.8.
Print- Print I

.JSliiJ

File Edit View JWndow Help

Pnnl

; Nexi Page

Zoom CM

_ _,'
Page 1

. 10.9.

10.

File Edit lew Window

' D
I

Pnnl _J fclexlPageJ

Page 1

. 1 0 . 1 0 .

{ 10.4. CPrintView: :OnDraw


// CPrintView
void CPrintView:rOnDraw(CDC* pDC)
f
CPrir.tDoc* pDoc = GetDocument () ;
ASSERT_VALID(pDoc);
//
CPen
pen(PS_SOLID, 0, RGB (0, 0, 0) ) ;
CPen*
oldPen = pDC-> SelectObject(Spen);
forfint i=0; i < pDoc-> m_nRects; i++)
pDC--> Rectangle (50, - 50-500*i, 250, -250-500*i)
pDC-> SelectObject(oldPen);
//

297

298
CSize
CRect

II.
docSize(300, 100 + 500*pDoc-> m_nRects);
rect;

GetClientRect(Srect);
CSize

pageSize{rect.right, rect.bottom);

CSize

lineSize(0, 500);

SetScrollSizes(MM_LOENGLISH, docSize, pageSize, lineSize);

14. , .. 24. , . 10.11.


UVPrint-Print I
Etle Edit Bew Wn
idow Hep
l
E
Hi

I If Fa .

| Iwo Page | Zoom In

'agel
. 1 0 . 1 1 .

15.
.
16. Two
Page ( ). . 10.12.
17. .

10.

299

- Print- Print I
File Edit View Window Help

D Eg

'

9
Prn
it Next Page j

~?oomn
I

__~XI
Cc
l

Page!
. 10.12.
. 10.7 10.11, MMLOENGLISH
_. ,
MMLOENGLISH ,
.
. 10.12. ,
Print , . . ,
, .
.


- ,
, . , -

300

II.

, .
Print :
1. Print.
2. PrintView.cpp.
3. onBeginPrinting 10.5.
j 10.5. CPrintView: :OnBeginPrinting

//
void CPrintView::OnBeginPrinting(CDC* pDC, CPrintlnfo* plnfo)
{

//
//
CPrintDoc* lpDoc = GetDocument();
ASSERT__VALID(lpDoc) ;
//
pInfo-> SetMaxPage((pDC-> GetDeviceCaps(LOGPIXELSY)+(1 + 5*lpDoc->
m__nRects) ) /pDC-> GetDeviceCaps (VERTRES) + 1) ;

4. <F5> .
5. ,
Two Page ( ). , . 10.13.
6. .
7. Class View ( ) CPrintView
Overrides ( )
Properties (). CPrintView.
8. onPrepareDC. .
9. .
CPrintView OnPrepareDC,
PrintView.cpp, .
10. OnPrepareDC 10.6.

10.

301

I/ Print - Print!

File Edit View Window Help


_ x
n

_J _Fre 4eJ Zoom In [

Pages 1-2

. 10.13.

| 10.6. CPrintView: :OnPrepareDC


//
void CPrintView::OnPrepareDC(CDC* pDC, CPrintlnfo* plnfo)
{
if(pDC-> IsPrintingO)
{
//
ASSERT(m_nMapMode > 0);
//
pDC->SetMapMode(m_nMapMode); //
//
pDC-> SetViewportOrg(0, -pDC-> GetDeviceCaps(VERTRES)*
(p!nfo->ra_nCurPage 1));

II.

302

II
CView::OnPrepareDC(pDC,

plnfo);

else
//

CScrollView::OnPrepareDC(pDC,

plnfo);

11. , .. 4 5. , . 10.14.

. 1 0 . 1 4 . 10.6

12. .
13. Class View ( ) cprintview
Overrides ( )
Properties (). cprintview.

10.

303

14. OnPrepareDC.
.
15. (
<Delete>). OnPrepareDC
CPrintView.

Visual C++ 7.0


. Visual C++ 6.0 ,
.
16. Properties () onPrint
CPrintView .
17. PrintView.cpp OnPrint
10.7.
I 10.7. C P r i n t V i e w : : O n P r i n t

//
void CPrintView::OnPrint(CDC* pDC, CPrintlnfo* plnfo)
{
LOGFONT

logFont;

CFont

font;

CString

Out;

// LOGFONT
logFont.IfHeight
logFont.IfWidth

= 24;
= 0;

logFont.IfEscapement

= 0;

logFont.lfOrientation

= 0;

logFont. If Weight

= FW_NORMAL;

logFont.IfItalic

= 0;

logFont.IfUnderline

= 0;

logFont.IfStrikeOut
logFont.lfCharSet

= 0;
= ANSI_CHARSET;

logFont.lfOutPrecision

= OUT_DEFAULT_PRECIS;

logFont. l f C l i p P r e c i s i o n
logFont.lfQuality

= CLIP_DEFAULT__PRECIS;

= PROOF_QUALITY;

logFont.lfPitchAndFamily
strcpy(logFont.IfFaceName,

= VARIABLE_PITCH
"MS Sans S e r i f " ) ;

FF_ROMAN;

304

II.

II
font.CreateFontIndirect(slogFont);
//
CFont* oldFont = pDC-> SelectObject(sfont);
//
sprintf(Out.GetBuffer(16)," %d", pInfo-> m_nCurPage);
Out.ReleaseBuffer();
//
pDC-> SetViewportOrg(0, ( (pInfo-> m__rectDraw.top + 50)*pDC->
GetDeviceCaps(LOGPIXELSY))/100 - pDC->
GetDeviceCaps(VERTRES)*(pInfo->m_nCurPage - 1));
//
CScrollView::OnPrint(pDC, plnfo);
//
CBrush wtBrush(RGB(255, 255, 255));
CRect rect = plnfo-> m_rectDraw;
rect.bottom = pInfo-> m_rectDraw.bottom*(plnfo->m_nCurPage 1);
rect.top = rect.bottom + 60;
pDC-> FillRect(rect, SwtBrush);
//
pDC-> TextOut(0, rect.bottom + 36, Out);
pDC-> SelectObject(oldFont);

18. OnBeginPrinting 10.8.


| 10.8. CPrintView: : OnBeginPrinting
//
void CPrintView::OnBeginPrinting(CDC* pDC, CPrintlnfo* plnfo)
//
//

10.

305

CPrintDoc* lpDoc = GetDocument{);


ASSERT_VALID(lpDoc) ;
//
pInfo-> SetMaxPage((pDC-> GetDeviceCaps(LOGPIXELSY)*(1 + 5*lpDoc->
m__nRects) )/ (pDC-> GetDeviceCaps (VERTRES) - 50) + 1);

19. , .. 4 5. , . 10.15.
rA-Print-Print 1
File Edit View Window Help

D &
PPrintl

-"
Zoomln

Pages 1-2
. 10.15.

20. Print () .
Print (), . 10.16.
21. . .
22. .

II.

306

Printer
Name ^ ^ ! H
Status Ready
Type' Windows NT Fan Driver
Where. MSFAX
Comment.
Print range
All
r

Properties... j

H H E L I

;
Print to fi]e
Copies
N umbel of copies

Pages from fi

to |
_

11

I
I
I
J l J j ^ _
OK

' :

Cancel |

. 10.16. Print
, , .
onBeginPrinting, MFC Application
Wizard .
,
:
void CPrintView::OnBeginPrinting(CDC* /*pDC*/, CPrintlnfo* /*plnfo*/)
, ,
, .
,
, . , , .

OnPreparePrinting. OnBeginPrinting .
C P r i n t l n f o : :SetMaxPage, .
CDC: : GetDeviceCaps,
.
LOGPIXELSY .

10.

307

MMLOENGLISH,
0,01 ,
,
100. . VERTRES CDC: :GetDeviceCaps .
,
,
.
, , .

, , . 10.13, .
,
. onPrepareoc.
,
, , , .
CDC: : i s P r i n t i n g , ,
CDC .
.
CDC: : i s P r i n t i n g .
cscroiiview: :OnPrepareoc , , , , , ,
, , ,
. , , cPrintAppView: :OnPrepareDC , cscroiiview: :OnPrepareDC,
CView::OnPrepareDC.

CDC: :setMapMode ,
.
cscroiiview: :m_nMapMode, .
CDC: :Setviewportorg
. , , GDI , , , setwindowOrg.

, . , -

308

II.

.

. CDC: :GetDeviceCaps VERTRES,
,
C P r i n t i n f o : :m_nCurPage, . cview: :OnPrepareDC, .
. 10.14,

.

.

. , WYSIWYG ( , ).
. ,
onPrint.
, , .
.
onDraw,
.
OnDraw.

MSDN, , , m rectDraw, CPrintinfo. ,


. ,
m_rectDraw. OnPrint , .
- onPrepareDC,
CDC: : s t a r t P a g e . .
OnPrint.

OnPrint CFont: :CreateFontIndirect


CFont.
TextApp 6.
.
c s t r i n g -

10.

309

. -. :Setviewportorg. , , top CRect, CPrintinfo: :m_rectDraw.


, , 50 , ( ). c s c r o i i v i e w : :OnPrint,
. , (. 6).
, . , ,
C P r i n t i n f o : :m_rectDraw,
, . ,
. ,

. .
onPrepareDC ,
,
O n P r i n t .


MFC
MFC .
Print (),
CDC: :StartDoc.
CDC: :StartPage , CDC: :EndPage.

,
CDC: :Escape .
C D C : : E n d D o c .

cview , . -

310

'

II.

. . 10.2 , .
10.2. cview,

OnPreparePrinting

Print ()

OnBeginPrinting

GDI,

OnPrepareDC

OnPrint
OnEndPrinting


GDI,

,

.
:
OnPreparePrinting , ,
, Print (), , ,
, ;
OnBeginPrinting , , , , GDI,
;
CDC: :startDoc,
,
s t a r t P a g e EndPage ,
EndDoc;
OnPrepareDC ,

.
, , ;
CDC: : s t a r t P a g e
;

10.

311

OnPrint , .
onDraw,
OnPrint;
CDC: :EndPage, ,
.
onPrepareoc ;
CDC :: , , startDoc;
OnEndPrinting , GDI,
OnBeginPrinting.
,
CPrintinfo.
. CPrintinfo
. 10.3.
10.3. CPrintinfo,

GetMinPage/SetMinPage

GetMaxPage/SetMaxPage

GetFromPage

GetToPage

mnCurPage

1, . . 1, 0.

onPreparePrinting , CPrintinfo. MFC Application Wizard
OnPreparePrinting, CView: : DoPreparePrinting. DoPreparePrinting Print () .
, .
1,
OxFFFF. ,
OnPreparePrinting
CPrintinfo: :SetMaxPage , DoPreparePrinting.
11 . 629

312

II.

Print () .
DoPreparePrinting Print ().
cPrintinfo
. ,
Print (). CPrintinfo: :GetFromPage
CPrintinfo: :GetToPage. , GetMinPage GetMaxPage
.

: onPrepareoc onPrint.
:
CPrintinfo. ,
onPrepareDC onPrint,
CPrintinfo: :m_nCurPage, .
, ,
.
onPrepareDC .
,
. OnPrepareDC
, : -, CDC
, , -,
CPrintinfo. (
NULL OnPrepareDC
.) OnPrepareDC ,
. ,
.
OnPrint . onPrint CDC CPrintinfo. OnPrint
onDraw. OnPrint
, . , .

OnDraw , , .
, OnDraw ,
, ,
WYSIWYG ( , ).
, OnDraw , . Microsoft

10.

313

onPrint, . .
,
.

. .
. , , ,
.
.
1 20 6 10.
c p r i n t i n f o .
onPrepareDC onPrint

onPreparePrinting . (
), . , . , OnPreparePrinting
,
,
C P r i n t l n f o : : SetMaxPage. OnPrepareDC,
mnCurPage , .

. , ,
WYSIWYG
.
OnPreparePrinting ,
CPrintlnfo: :SetMaxPage .
, ,
.
.
OnPrepareDC
. CPrintlnfo: :m_bContinuePrinting.
TRUE, . FALSE, TO
. OnPrepareDC
m_bContinuePrinting FALSE, 1. , , ,
, .

III

VISUAL C++

11. , Visual C++


12. Windows
13.
14.
15.
16. Internet

11

,

Visual C++
Microsoft Visual C + + .
, , , .


Windows , . , , ,
, .
,
. ,
MFC, .
.
Visual C + + :
t r y , ;
catch,
t r y , ,
;
throw
catch.
catch, MFC,
.
,
:
//
try

318

III. Visual C++

throw;

//

//
catch (. . .)

try . if . , throw
catch, .
try, catch .
try , throw,
try, throw
return try
catch. throw try
, , try, , ,
try.
.
try, .


,
, . catch
, catch.
,
. catch
, , .
,
,
, 11.1.

11. , Visual C++


\ 11.1.
II
class MyException
{
protected:
UINT nIDSError;
public:
MyException(int nErr) ( nIDSError = nErr;};
-MyException() {};
void

Error_Put();

//
void MyException::Error Put()

CString
buf;
VERIFY(buf.LoadString(nlDSError)) ;
::MessageBox(0, buf, "Error", MB_OK I MB_SYSTEMMODAL) ,

//
int SomeFunc()
{
int* aBuffer;
try
{
if((aBuffer = new int[1024]) == NULL)
{
MyException* me = new MyException(ID_MEMORY)
throw me;
}
else
delete aBuffer;

319
!

320

III. Visual C++

catch(MyException* me)
{

me-> E r r o r P u t ( ) ;

11.1 MyException, niDSError, ,


, ErrorPut,
. niDSError . ErrorPut cstring: :Loadstring
. MessageBox
. .
MFC .

MFC, try.
MFC throw, try. , cstring: :Loadstring ,
CMemoryException. ,
try
. .
, throw
return
, ,
, , , ,
, .
,
, . - , ,
. , ,
.

Visual C++
Visual C++ :
, C++.
MFC 3.0 ;
, MFC.

11. , Visual C++

321

, MFC,
C++.
, .
, , C++. .
:
1. Class View ( ) Solution Explorer ( ), ,
, View | Property
Pages ( | ). Print Property
Pages ( ), . 11.1.

_*]

Print Property Pages


Configuration: ()
63 Configuration Properties
%> General
Debug
D C/C++
Q Linker
C".\ Resources

. 3 Platform; (Active(Win32)
'B 'imr; ,ii
! Intermediate Directory
| Extensions to Delete on Clean
Output Directory
Hro)ect Defaults

CJMIDL

f~\ Browse Information


CJ Build Events
GJ Custom Build Step
Q SDL Import

i
!
|
!
j

Build Browser Information


Configuration Type
Use of ATL
Minimize CRT Use in ATL
Use of MFC
Use Managed Extensions
Character Set

Configuration Manager

Debug
*.obj;*.ilk;*.pdb;*.tlb;*,tli;*.tlh;$(TargetName)
Debug
| No
No
Application (.exe)
Not Using ATL
No
Use MFC in a Shared DLL
No
Use Multi-Byte Character Set

l Whole Program Optimization


I Specifies that the program will be optimized across .obj boundaries; works best if
i C/C++ optimizations are turned on,

OK

Cancel

Help

. 11.1. Print Property Pages


2. C/C++, Code Generation ( ).
3. , Enable C++ Exceptions
( C++) , "Yes (/EHsc)",
. , Print Property Pages (
) .

III. Visual C++

322

4. . .
5. "Yes (/EHsc)".
Print Property Pages ( ) , . 11.2.

xj

1 Print Property Pages


Configuration: [Active(Debug)
2J Pa
l tform |Acrvie^Wn
i 32)
_^J
Cgnfg
i urato
i n Manager
al Configuration Properties ; Smae
l r Type Check
No
General
\ Ful Runm
ti e Checks
Yes(/RTC1)
Debug
Enable C++ Excepto
i ns
| Yes (/EHsc)
6 c/c++
j Check for Uninitialized Vara
i be
l s No
General
j Runm
ti e Library
Multi-threaded Debug DLL (,/MDd)
Optimization
Bufer Securtiy Check
No
Preprocessor
; Struct Member Ag
il nment
Default
sj* Code Generatio ; Enabe
l String Poon
il g
No
Language
j Check Stack Frames
No
Precompe
li d Hei ! Enabe
l Functo
i n-Level Ln
i kn
i g No
Output Files
l Mn
im
i al Rebud
li
Yes (/Gm)
Browse Inforrna j Enabe
Advanced
Command Line
Linker
f_j Resources

'

QNIIDL

C J Browse Information
f_| Build Events
"

i -

1
j
J

L
Enable C++ Exceptions
Casl destructors for automatc
i obe
j cts durn
i g a stack unwn
i d caused by an excepto
in
ben
i g thrown. Incompatb
ie
l with the use of managed C++ extenso
i ns (/EHsc) j
OK J Cancel J

Hep
l |

. 11.2. Print Project Settings, C/C++


6.

.
) .

Print

Property

Pages


:
:
. ,
. . .
. , , , , , ;

11. , Visual C++

323

:
.
, ASSERT;
:

, . ,
/ . .
.
C++
MFC CException
. MFC , :
CMemoryException ;
CFiieException , ;
CArchiveException , Serialize;
CNotSupportedException ,
;
CResourceException , ;
CDaoException , ( DAO);
CDBException , ( ODBC);
coieException , OLE;
coieDispatchException , ;
cuserException ,
CException.
catch
, MFC , , CException.
, MFC,
catch
CException ( , CException,
, CMemoryException).
, .
, CFiieException mcause,
.

324

III. Visual C++

CFileException::fileNotFound CFileException::readonly.

.
try
{
// ,
// .

// CFileException
catch(CFileException* theException)
{
if(theException->m_cause == CFileException::fileNotFound)
TRACE("File not found\n");
theException->Delete() ;


, "" . catch :
catch . , . .
catch(CException* e)
{

if

(m_bThrowExceptionAgain)
throw; //

catch .
CException
Delete , delete,
.
, try.
, , try. , , catch.
, try
, -

11. , Visual C++

325

catch. t r y catch, .
//
try
{
// ,

//
catch(CException* e)
{
// .
// "" .
e->Delete();
}
//

catch,
, . catch, , .
, CException* catch ( . . . ) . catch
.
catch.
try

// ,
// .
}
catch(CFileException* e)
{
// .
)
catch(CMemoryException* e)
{
// .

326

III. Visual C++

catch(CException* e)
{
// .



. .
:
, ;
catch ,
.
,
:
void SomeFuncO //
{
CSomeClass* Local = new CSomeClass;
// ,
// .
Local-> OtherFpnc() ;
// .
delete Local;

Local
someFunc. ,
,
.
, ,
. ""
.
,
"" .
void SomeFuncO
{

CSomeClass* Local = new CSomeClass;

11. , Visual C++

327

try
{
// ,
// .
Local-> OtherFunc() ;
}
catch(CException* e)
{
//
e-> Delete();

// ,
delete Local;

.
, , , .

(, ,
), .
catch
, , . .
void SomeFunc()
{
CSomeClass* Locale = new CSomeClass;

try
{
// ,
// .
Locale->SomeFunc();
}
catch(CException e)
{
// .
delete Locale;

328

III. Visual C++


// ,
throw;

//
// ,
delete Locale;

,
.


, MFC . .
AfxThrowMemoryException . someFunc :
void SomeFunc()
{

char* s z F i r s t = new char[ 128 ];


i f ( s z F i r s t = NULL)
AfxThrowMemoryException() ;
char* szSecond = new chart 1024 ];
if(szSecond = NULL)
.

delete s z F i r s t ; //
AfxThrowMemoryException();

//
delete szFirst;
delete szSecond;

, , , , , -

11. , Visual C++

329

. , .

MFC, .
, .
#include "mmsystem.h"
#define WAVE__ERROR -5
void Play(CString Name)
{
// Win32 API ,
// .
// .
if(!sndPlaySound(Name, SND_ASYNC))
throw WAVE ERROR;

, MFC, , CException ( ).
MFC .


C++
MFC 3.0
C++. MFC CATCH, . . C++ .
,
. .
TRY
{
THROW((CException*)

new C C u s t o m E x c e p t i o n f ) ) ;

CATCH(CCustomException, e)
{

TRACE(" MFC 2.x \");


}
AND_CATCH(CException, e)

330

III. Visual C++

TRACE(" MFC 3.0 \");


}
END_CATCH

3.0,
catch, .
THROW((CException*)new CCustomException());
CException*, ,
CCustomException. CATCH MFC 2.5 cobject: :isKindOf
.
e->IsKindOf(RUNTIME_CLASS(CException))
, CATCH . 3.0,
C++ , CATCH, CException.
.
, , CException*, ,
.
throw , .
catch , .
, 3.0 .
TRY
{
// ,
// .
}
CATCH(CSomeException, e)
{
THROW();
}
END_TRY

// . THROW_LAST()

THROW , -

11. , Visual C++

331

.
THROW_LAST.

C++ ( , MFC , C++), ,
. C++ , :
, C++ ,
;
C++
,
(int, float, char . .),
CException
.
C++,
, , ,
. C++ , .
,
C++. .
.
CATCH :
CATCH(exception_class, exception_object_pointer_name)

.
catch :
catch(exception_type exception_name)


.
.
CATCH ( ),
AND_CATCH, END_CATCH.
C++
catch ( ).
END_CATCH . catch
.

332

III. Visual C++

.
THROW_LAST. throw .
, , , C++:
1. MFC, TRY,
CATCH, AND_CATCH, END_CATCH, THROW THROW_LAST.

2. :
TRY try;
CATCH catch;
AND_CATCH catch;
END_CATCH;
THROW throw;
THROW_LAST throw;
3. , . ,
CATCH(CException, e)

catch(CException* e)
4. , .
, .

TRY
{
// ,
}
CATCH(CException, e)
{
if (m_bPassExceptionsUp)
THROW_LAST();
if (m_bReturnFroinThisFunction)
return;
//
}
END CATCH

11. , Visual C++

333

:
try

// ,
}
catch(CException* e)
{
if (m_bPassExceptionsUp)
throw;
if (m_bThrowDifferentException)
{
e->Delete() ;
throw new CMyOtherException;
}
if (m_bReturnFromThisFunction)
{
e->Delete();
return;
}
e->Delete();


C++

C++. , ,

, C++ .
"" , , .
.

TRY
{
TRY
{
// ,
// .

334

III. Visual C++

)
CATCH(CException, e)

// "" catch

{
throw;

//
// catch,

}
END_CATCH
}
CATCH(CException, e) // "" catch
{
// ,
// catch.
}
END_CATCH
,
"" CATCH. THROWLAST throw "" CATCH .
TRY

TRY
// ,
// .
}
CATCH(CException, e) // "" catch
{
THROW_LAST();

//
// catch.

}
END_CATCH
)
CATCH(CException, e) // "" catch
{
// ,
// THROW_LAST() .
}
END CATCH

11. , Visual C++

335

try,
CATCH.
.

TRY
{
// ,
// .
}
CATCH(CException, e)
{
try
{
throw; // .
// ( )
)
catch(CException exception)

END CATCH


, ,

. , , . , ,
.
, .
,
ISO WG21/ANSI X3J16.
template.
template, , .
template < [typelist] [, [ arglist ]] > declaration

template (
c l a s s i d e n t i f i e r typename i d e n t i f i e r ) , -

336

III. Visual C++

. declaration .
, ,
, template. .
// ,
template <class Type, int n> class Demo
{
public:
Type

buffer[n];

Type

Some Func(int);

// ,
template <class Type, int n>
Type Demo<Type,i>::Some_Func(int i)
{
return

buffer[i];

,
, .
Demo<int, 12> Classlnst;



.
,
, , ,
.
, ,
, , .
//
int max(int a, int b)

11. , Visual C++

337

return (a > b) ? : b;

//
s h o r t max(short a,

s h o r t b)

return (a > b) ? a : b;

//
float max(float a, float b)
{
return (a > b) ? a : b;
}

// . ....

, .
template <class Type> Type max(Type a, Type b)
{
return ( > b) ? : b;
}

.
,
:
.
, ;
,
;
.
, ,
,
.
,
. , ,
d e f i n e max ( i , j)

( ( (i) > (j))

? (i)

(j))

338

III. Visual C++

:
template<class Type>
Type max (Type i, Type j)
{
return ((i > j) ? i : j)
}
:
.
;
i j . , , , ;
,
, .
,
.
, void,
,
, . , , ,
.
,
.
, .
,
, , , .
, ,
, .
,
,
.


,
, , . :
template <class Type>
void Swaplt(Types x, Types y)

11. , Visual C++

339

;
= ;
= ;
b = ;
}

.
,
int long, , . swapit , ,
, , ,
.
, , , .
, ,
. :
int i, j;
char k;
Swapit(i, j); // OK
Swapit(i, k);

// .

. :
template<class Type>
void SomeFunc(Type)

}
void OtherFunc(short k)
{
SomeFunc<long>(k);

// SomeFunc(long)

. , short, long.
Visual C++ 5.0 . :
template<class Type> void Some_Func(Type v)

III. Visual C++

340

// char Some_Func:
templateo

void Some_Func<char>(char v)

// double : Some_Func:
templateo
void Some_Func(double v)

:
// char : Some_Func:
void Some Func(char)

, ,
, . ,
. , .
,
, .
template<class Type>
void SomeFunc(Type, int)

int i;
char c;
SomeFunc(i, c);
i , int.

11. , Visual C++

341


,
, ,
.
:
template <class Type, int n>
class Some_Class
{
public:
Some_Class(void);
~Some_Class(void) ;
void Some_Func(Type*);
private:
Type

array[n];

,
, . , . . ,
, , .
, ,
, . ,
some_Func, , :
template <class Type, int n>
void Some_Class< Type, n >::Some_Func(Type* a)
{
f o r ( i n t i=0; i < n;
array [i] = a [ i ] ;

,
.
template <class Type, int n>
Some_Class< Type, n >::Some_Class(void)
{
//

342

III. Visual C++

)
template <class Type, int n>
Some_Class< Type, n >::~Some_Class(void)
{
//

,

. TempClass :
Some_Class< float, 6 > First;
// OK
Some_Class< char, items++ > Second;

// ,
// .

( ) , . , ,
. , .
, .
Visual C++ 5.0
. :
template<class Type>
class Some Class

// int Some_Class
templateo class Some_Class<int>

:
// char Some_Class
class Some Class<char>

11. , Visual C++

343


(<>).
, , >> ->. ,
Some_Class< f l o a t , a > ? : >

X;


Some_Class< f l o a t , (a > b ? : b) >

X;

, ,
.
, , , , . , ,
.
,
.
,
, . , some_ciass ,
.
Template

class Some_Class<int, 6>;

,

.

, .
Template Some_Class <int, >::Some_Class (void);
extern
. :
extern template class Some_Class<int, 6>;
,
:
extern template Some_Class<int, >:: Some_Class(void) ;
extern , . ,
, .
12 . 629

344

III. Visual C++


MFC
. :
, ;
, .

, MFC, 1.0.


" . .
MFC : ,
( ).
, .
.

, , . , .
,
. .

,
.
.

( )

.
,
, , MFC , . . 11.1 .
11.1. ,

CArray

CList

CMap

11. , Visual C++

345

11.1 ()

CTypedPtrArray

CTypedPtrList

CtypedPtrMap

, ,
, . . 11.2
, .
11.2. ,

CObArray

CObList

CByteArray

CPtrList

CMapPtrToPtr

CDWordArray

CStringList

CMapStringToOb

CMapPt'rToWord

CPtrArray

CMapStringToPtr

CStringArray

CMapStringToString

CWordArray

CMapWordToOb

CUIntArray

CMapWordToPtr


.
:
,
, .
. 11.3;
C++;
;
;
.
11.3 :
2 3 .
;
4 5
.
.

III. Visual C++

346

11.3.

. 11.4 , MFC.
11.4.

C++

'

'

CByteArray

CDWordArray

CList

'

'

CMapPtrToPtr

CMapPtrToWord

CMapStringToOb

CMapStringToPtr

CMapStringToString

CMapWordToOb

CMapWordToPtr

CObArray

CObList

CPtrArray

CPtrList

CStringArray

CStringList

CTypedPtrArray

11. , Visual C++

347

11.4 ()

C++

CTypedPtrList

CTypedPtrMap

CUIntArray

CWordArray


S e r i a l i z e .
Dump.
c o l i o b j dmp << c o l i o b j .

. , c o b A r r a y ,
. C P t r A r r a y ,
. , " P t r " .

"" , , ,
. , , C B y t e A r r a y ,
, .

,
, , MFC 3.0 . , ,
.
cobject, , cobject.

,
, , MFC. ,
c p t r L i s t CPtrArray.
,
.
,
, ,
.

348

III. Visual C++

CList : TYPE
ARGTYPE. , , TYPE:
C + + , i n t , char f l o a t ;
C + + ;
, .
ARGTYPE .
ARGTYPE , TYPE. :
CArray<short, short>

Some_Array;

CList<CSomej;lass, CSome_Class&>

Some_List;

Some_Array,
s o m e L i s t , csome_ciass.
,
ARG_TYPE. CArray: :Add.
CArray<int, int>

Some_Array;

Some_Array.Add(5);

: KEY, ARG_KEY,
VALUE ARG_VALUE.
. ,
, . KEY
,
. KEY ,
ARGKEY , KEY. VALUE , .
VALUE , ARG_VALUE
, VALUE. :
< int, int, SOME_STRUCT, SOME_STRUCT& > First_Map;
CMap< CString, LPCSTR, CMyClass, CMyClass > Second_Map;
F i r s t M a p
SOME_STRUCT, .
SecondMap CMyClass,
,
c s t r i n g , ,
, . ,
.
KEY c s t r i n g , ARG_KEY
LPCSTR, TO

11. , Visual C++

349

c s t r i n g , , setAt
LPCSTR, :
< CString, LPCSTR, CMyClass, CMyClass& > Second_Map;
CMyClass person;
LPCSTR lpstrName = "";
Second_Map.SetAt(lpstrName, person);
,
, , ,
, ,
.
CTypedPtrArray
CTypedPtrList : BASE_CLASS TYPE.
, , TYPE. , . BASECLASS.
cptrArray,
cobList c p t r L i s t . , cobList, ,
,
. . :
CTypedPtrArray<CObArray, CMyClass*> myArray;
CTypedPtrList<CPtrList, MY_STRUCT*> myList;
myArray cobArray.
CMyClass (,
CMyClass cobject). cobArray GetAt ElementAt, , [ ], .
myList,
c p t r L i s t .
MYSTROCT. , c p t r L i s t , , cobject. CTypedPtrList , : GetHead, GetTail, RemoveHead, RemoveTail,
GetNext, GetPrev GetAt.

CTypedPtrMap : BASE_CLASS,. KEY VALUE. BASE_CLASS -

: CMapPtrToWord, CMapPtrToPtr, CMapStringToPtr,


CMapWordToPtr, CMapstringToOb . . KEY KEY
: ,

III. Visual C++

350

. VALUE VALUE
: , . :
CTypedPtrMap<CMapPtrToPtr, CString, MY__STRUCT*> myPtrMap;
CTypedPtrMap<CMapStringToOb, CString, CMyObject*> myObjectMap;
, CMapPtrToPtr,
c s t r i n g MY_STRUCT.
Lookup,
. [] , . GetNextAssoc, .
, CMapstringToOb,
c s t r i n g CMyobject.
, .
,
,
.
CArray, CList ,
. , .
constructEiements DestructEiements
. . 11.5 , .
11.5.

ConstructEiements DestructEiements

ConstructEiements

CArray::SetSize
CArray::InsertAt

CList: AddHead
CList: AddTail
CList: InsertBefore
CList: InsertAfter
CMap::operator [

DestructEiements

CArray::SetSize
CArray::RemoveAt
CList::RemoveAll
CMap::RemoveAll

CList: ReraoveHead
CList: RemoveTail
CList: RemoveAt
CMap::RemoveKey

, .
constructEiements ,
, . DestructEiements .

11. , Visual C++

351

constructElements , (
)
. DestructEiements ,
, , . constructElements .
class CMyClass : public CObject

CArray< CMyClass, CMyClasss >

Some_Array;

template <>
void AFXAPI ConstructElements <CMyClass> (CMyClass* pNewElements, int
nCount)
{
for (int i = 0; i < nCount; i++, pNewElements++)
{
// CMyClass
new(pNewElements)CMyClass;

CMyClass .
CMyClass , new.
CArray, CList SerializeElements .
SerializeElements
.
cobject IMPLEMENT_SERIAL, TO :
c l a s s CMyClass : p u b l i c CObject

CArray< CMyClass, CMyClass , > Some Array;

352

III. Visual C++

template <> void AFXAPI ConstructElements <CMyClass> (CArchiveS, ar,


CMyClass* pNewElements, i n t nCount)
{

for (int i = 0; i < nCount; i++, pNewElements++)


{

// CMyClass
pNewElements->Serialize(ar);

,
MFC , , . , cobject*, UINT, DWORD
cstring. ,
, cobject ( cobList). , MFC
, UINT (void*).
, :
;
.
,
.
, cwordArray, .
, cwordArray 32- . .
cobList cobject.
. ,
cobList csomeciass,
csomeciass*.
:
class CSomeClass : public CObject

CSomeClass* lpObject = new CSomeClass(


CObList myList;

11. , Visual C++

353

myList.AddHead(lpObject);
//
CSomeClass* lpOtherObject = (CSomeClass*)myList.GetHead();


. , .

, .

.
, cobList , CSomeClass,
AddHeadPerson GetHeadPerson, .
class CSomeClassList : public CObList
{
public:
void AddHeadElement(CSomeClass* element) (AddHead(element);}
const CSomeClass* GetHeadElement()

{return (CSomeClass*)GetHead();}

CSomeClass.
, .


, MFC, , , . POSITION .
,
. .
,
.

354

III. Visual C++

GetAt.
.
CTypedPtrArray<CObArray, CSomeClass*> Some_Array;
for(int i = 0; i < Some_Array.GetSize() ; i
CSomeClass*

lpElement = Some_Array.GetAt(i);

csomeciass.
, .
GetAt csomeciass.
CTypedPtrArray [], . , :
CSomeClass* lpElement = Some_Array[ i ];
const, . const, ,
.
GetHeadPosition GetNext.
:
CTypedPtrList<CObList,

CSomeClass*>

Some_List;

POSITION

pos = Some_List.GetHeadPosition();

while(pos

!= NULL)

{
CSomeClass*

lpElement

= Some_List.GetNext(pos);

csomeciass.
, , cobList.
GetNext csomeciass.

G e t s t a r t P o s i t i o n ,
GetNextAssoc . :
CMap<CString, LPCTSTR, CSomeClass*, CSomeClass*> Some_Map;
POSITION pos = Some_Map.GetStartPosition() ;
while(pos != NULL)

11. , Visual C++ 355


CSomeClass* lpElement;
CString string;
// (string) (lpElement)
Some_Map.GetNextAssoc(pos, string, lpElement);
//


( ), c s t r i n g csomeciass.
, GetNextAssoc,
csomeciass.
, cobject
csomeciass. . , GetNextAssoc cobject*&.
CMapStringToOb Some_Map; // ,
POSITION pos = Some_Map.GetStartPosition();
while(pos != NULL)
{
CSomeClass* lpElement;
CString string;
// (string) (lpElement)
Some_Map.GetNextAssoc(pos, string, (CObject*&) lpElement);
ASSERT (lpElement-MsKindOf (RUNTIME_CLASS (CSomeClass) ) ) ;
//

, Lookup, ,
,
. [ ].


,
cobject ( , cobject), . ,
. -

356

III. Visual C++

,
.
:
1. GetHeadPosition GetNext
.
2. d e l e t e , .
3. Remove
, .
csomeCiass .
csomeCiass, .
CTypedPtrList<CObList, CSomeClass*> Some_List;
POSITION pos = Some_List.GetHeadPosition() ;
while(pos != NULL)
{
delete Some_List.GetNext(pos);
}
Some_List.RemoveAll();
RemoveAll . RemoveAt
.
, , . ,
. . ,

.
:
1. Getsize
.
2. d e l e t e , .
3. RemoveAll
, .
csomeCiass .
csomeCiass, .
CArray<CSomeClass*, CSomeClass*> Some_Array;
for(int i = 0; i < Some_Array.GetSize();
delete Some_Array.GetAt(i);
Some_Array.RemoveAll();

11. , Visual C++

357

, RemoveAii
, RemoveAt .
:
1. G e t s t a r t P o s i t i o n GetNextAssoc .
2. d e l e t e / , .
3. RemoveAii , .
. csomeciass ( cobject).
CMap<CString, LPCSTR, CSomeClass*, CSomeClass*> Some_Map;
//
//
POSITION pos = Some__Map.GetstartPosition () ;
while(pos != NULL)
{
CSomeClass* lpElement;
CString string;
// (string) (lpElement)
Some_Map.GetNextAssoc(pos, string, lpElement);
delete lpElement;
}
// RemoveAii
Some_Map.RemoveAii();
RemoveAii ,
RemoveKey .



.
CTypedPtrList .
"",
. ""
, . -

358

III. Visual C++

AddHead,
RemoveHead.
, , MFC , .
.
class CBullet : public CObject

class CStack : public CTypedPtrList< CObList, CBullet* >


{
public:
/
void Push(CBullet* newBullet) { AddHead(newBullet); }
//
CBullet* Peek() { return IsEmptyO ? NULL : GetHeadO; }
//
CBullet* Pop() { return RemoveHead(); }

cobList,
,
.
"", "",
.
: .
, AddTail,
RemoveHead:
, , MFC,
, .
.
class CSomeClass : public CObject

11. , Visual C++

359

class CQueue : public CTypedPtrList< CObList, CSomeClass* >


{

public:

//
void AddToEnd(CSomeClass* newPerson)
{ AddTail(newPerson); } //
//
CSomeClass* GetFromFront()
{ return IsEmptyO ? NULL : RemoveHead(); }

"" ,
"" .

12

Windows
Windows
(cooperative multitasking) . , ,
, , .

,
. .
. (threads)
(preemptive multitasking).
,
.
, , , ,
.
Win32 .
(process) .
. , Paint ,
. .
, .
, ,
,
. . Paint
.
. ,
. main winMain.
,
. , , ,

12. Windows

361

. , MFC,
cwinThread .
.
AfxBeginThread, .
MFC :
.
. ,
. , . Win32 API .
, . , . cwinApp, cwinThread , .
,
. . .
, ,
,
.


.
,
, . .
- .
: . , cwinThread. , , .

362

III. Visual C++

AfxBeginThread
:
;
.
, .
.
.
: :SetThreadPriority.
, .
,
.
CREATE_SUSPENDED, .
,
.
.
,
.
AfxBeginThread CWinThread,
,
. AfxBeginThread
, ,
, ,
.
,
.
, .
:
UINT MyThreadFunction(LPVOID pParam);

32- . , ,
AfxBeginThread, . .
,
, , . ,
, .
UINT,
, .

12. Windows

363

,
.
.
.
:
//
UINT MyThreadProc(LPVOID pParam)
{
CMyObject* lpObject = (CMyObject*)pParam;
if (lpObject == NULL I |
!lpObject->IsKindOf(RUNTIME_CLASS(CMyObject)))
return 1; //
//
return 0; //

//
CMyObject* lpMyObject = new CMyObject;
AfxBeginThread(MyThreadProc, lpMyObject),




. ( cwinApp)
.

, cwinThread.
DECLARE_DYNACREATE
IMPLEMENT_DYNACREATE. .
. 12.1 , .
12.1. cwinThread

E x i t instance

364

III. Visual C++


12.1 ()

Initinstance

Onldle

PreTranslateMessage


T r a n s l a t e M e s s a g e D i s p a t c h M e s s a g e .

ProcessWndProcException

,
.

. .

Run


AfxBeginThread ,
cwinThread. , .
.
.
: :SetThreadPriority.
, .
,
.

.

CREATE_SUSPENDED,

,
.
.
,
.
AfxBeginThread .
, ,
, ,
cwinThread::CreateThread.

AfxBeginThread , , ,
, .

12. Windows

365


: , , , . , ,
, , .
,
.
,
,
.
.
r e t u r n
AfxEndThread, .
,
, : : PostQuitMessage,
. ,
, , .

AfxEndThread .
.
, ,
, .
AfxEndThread . ,
,
.

: :GetExitCodeThread.
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32- , . ,
STILL_ACTIVE.
.
cwinThread . , m_hThread
cwinThread , . .
- :
m_bAutoDeiete FALSE. cwinThread
;

366

III. Visual C++

m_hThread
;


CWinThread.

;
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mjiThread
GetExitCodeThread.
.
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CREATE_SUSPENDED AfxBeginThread,

,
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12. Windows

367


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. ,
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, , ,
: :PostMessage.
,
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. . ,
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, ,
. .

368

III. Visual C++

, ,
.
,
. ,
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. .
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, csemaphore,
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, , ;
c c r i t i c a i s e c t i o n ,
;
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. , , , , csingieLock CMuitiLock
. Lock.

, unlock .
unlock,
.
, , , , .
,
. , ,
, .
.

12. Windows

369

, MFC
, : (cSyncObject,, CSemaphore, CMutex, C C r i t i c a l S e c t i o n CEvent)
(CMultiLock CSingleLock).

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.
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? (, , .) ,
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CCriticalSection.
CSyncObject .
.
,
, .
, CSingleLock,
, CMultiLock.



Sync, .
, .
, :
1. , 1,
Sync.

370

III. Visual C++

2. Resource View ( )
IDD_SYNC_DIALOG, Dialog (), <F4>. Properties ().
3. Language (). .
4. Russian ().
5.
IDD_SYNC_DIALOG Caption () Properties () "".
6. Output ( ) .
7. Cancel () .
8. Caption () Properties
() "".
9. ,
,
.
10. Cancel () Caption () Properties () "".
11. Toolbox () Button
() .
12. Caption () Properties () "", ID ( ) IDC_START.
13. Properties () ControlEvents ( ). ,
.
14. BN_CLICKED.
.
15. . .
16. Toolbox () Check Box
() .
17. Caption () Properties () "",
ID ( )
IDC_SYNC.

18. Toolbox () Edit Control


( )
.

12. Windows

371

19.
.
20. ID ( ) Properties () IDCOUTPUT.
21. Readonly ( ).
.
22. TRUE.
23. .. 24 25 Multiline ( ), VerticalScroll
( ), HorisontalScroll (
), ClientEdge () AutoVScroU (
).
, . 12.1.
.. Sync - Microsoft Visual C++ [deslgfti^
File Edti Vtew Proe
j ct Bud
li Debug Format Toosl Wn
idow Hep
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> Debug

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* Properties I L' i if H i

22,30

'

; " 150x145

. 12.1.
24. Add Variable ( ). Add Member Variable Wizard - Sync
( ), . 12.2.

III. Visual C++

372

| Add Member Variable Wizard - Sync '

.' 5--

JSl

Welcome to the Add Member Variable Wizard


This wizard adds a member variable to your class, struct, or union,

Access;

| |

" Cgntiolvanable

Variable type:

Vara
i be
l name;

Comment(// notation not required);


Fn
is
ih

Cancel

Hep
l

. 12.2. Add Member Variable Wizard - Sync


25. Control variable ( ) Control ID ( ) IDCSYNC.
26. Category () Value
(), Variable name ( )
mbsync Finish ().
27. .. 2426, IDCJOUTPUT m o u t p u t , Category () .
28. Class View ( ), Sync
csyncDig.
29. Properties () Overrides (
). csyncDig.
30. onCancel.
.
31. .
csyncDig .
32. .. 29 30 .

12. Windows

373

33. Class View ( )


csyncDig
Add | Add Variable ( | ).
Add Member Variable Wizard ( ).
34. Variable type ( )
i n t , Variable name ( )
mcount Finish ().
csyncDig.
35. . 33 csyncDig m C r i t i c ,
c c r i t i c a i s e c t i o n .
36. Class View ( )
csyncDig. SyncDlg.h.
37. SyncDlg.cpp csyncDig 12.1.
| 12.1. csyncDig
//
void CSyncDlg::OnBnClickedStart(void)
{

//
UpdateData();
//
AfxBeginThread(TextThreadProc,

this);

AfxBeginThread(TextThreadProc,

this);

//
void CSyncDlg::OnCancel(void)
{

//
if(m_Count)
return;

//
CDialog::OnCancel ();

//
void CSyncDlg::OnOK(void)

III. Visu

II
if(m_Count)
return;
//
CDialog::();

38. CAboutDig 12.2.


! 12.2.
//
UINT TextThreadProc(LPVOID param)
{'
int

i;

CString

szTemp;

CSyncDlg*

pt = (CSyncDlg*) param;

CSingleLock
pt->m_Count++;

FirstLock(&(pt->m_Critic)) ;
//

for(i=0; i < 20; i


if(pt-> m_bSync)
FirstLock.Lock(); //
if(!pt-> m_bSync I I FirstLock.IsLocked()) //
{
//
szTemp.Format("
");
pt->m_Output.ReplaceSel(szTemp);
Sleep(10) ;
szTemp.Format(" ") ;
pt->m_Output.ReplaceSel(szTemp);
Sleep(10);
szTemp.Format(" ") ;
pt->m_Output.ReplaceSel(szTemp) ;
Sleep(10);

12. Windows

375

szTemp.Format(" " ) ;
pt->m_Output.ReplaceSel(szTemp);
Sleep(10);
szTemp.Format("%d \r\n", i);
pt->m_Output.ReplaceSel(szTemp);
}
Sleep(lOO); //
if(pt-> m_bSync)
FirstLock.Unlock(); //
}
pt->m_Count--;
return 0;

39.

//

<F5> .
.

40. . , . 12.3.
j :

1 -

*12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19
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<!

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. 12.3.
41. , . , . 12.4.
13 . 629

III. Visual C++

376

D 12
12
13
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14
14
15
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16
17
17
18
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19
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. 12.4.

42.
. .
43. . .
,
. ,
.
csingieLock, ccriticalsection. ,
.
csingieLock: :Lock,
ccriticalsection
. ccriticalsection (), , .
csingieLock:: isLocked (
, ).
csingieLock::unlock, ( ).
.
. ,
.

12. Windows

377

.
. ,
,
csingieLock: :Unlock sleep,
, .
.
onBnciickedstart, , OpdateData, ,
AfxBeginThread . OnCancel
,
. (
.



:

. , ,
, , , , .
, , . (
, , , ,
, , ).
Sync:
1. File | Open Solution ( | ). \ Open Solution ( ),
. 12.5.
2. Sync
Sync. .
3. Solution Explorer ( ), Sync, Source Files ( ).
4. Sync.cpp.
.
5. initinstance 12.3.

III. Visual C++

378
Solution
Look in:

History

|Q| Visual Studio Projects


iJbrushj
'I Console
_1) DateTime
ZjDDB
_)DemoLib
_J Dialog
JjDIB
ZjEditApp
1 Extension
.llHelp
_l Library
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IJMDI
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P3 ' Tools -

Print
'" 1 Progress
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CllRichApp
ZlSDI
2J Sheet /
d l Sync
;_jText
ZllTool
OvSMacros

File name:
Files of type: I Solution Files

. 12.5. Open Solution

j 12.3. Xnitlnstance
// CSyncApp
BOOL CSyncApp::InitInstance()
{
//
CWinApp::InitInstance();
AfxEnableControlContainer();
//
CSyncDlg dig;
m_pMainWnd = &dlg;
//
AfxBeginThread(SyncroThreadProc, &dlg),
int nResponse = dlg.DoModal();
if (nResponse == IDOK)

Cancel

12. Windows

II
}
else if (nResponse == IDCANCEL)
{
//

// ,
// FALSE,
//
return FALSE;

6. csyncApp 12.4.
\ 12.4.
extern UINT TextThreadProc(LPVOID param);
//
UINT SyncroThreadProc(LPVOID param)
{
CSyncDlg*
pt = (CSyncDlg*) param;
DWORD
dwResult;
//
pt-> m_pEvents[0] = CreateEvent(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL);
pt-> m_pEventS[l] = CreateEvent(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL);
pt->m_eFinish.SetEvent();
while(true)
{
//
dwResult = ::WaitForMultipleObjects(2, pt-> m_pEvents, FALSE,
INFINITE);
switch(dwResult) //
{
case WAIT_OBJECT_0 + 0 : //
//

379

380

III. Visual C++


AfxBeginThread(TextThreadProc, pt);
AfxBeginThread(TextThreadProc, pt);
break;
case WAIT_OBJECT_0 + 1 : // OK
//
::WaitForSingleObject(pt->m_eFinish.m_hObject, INFINITE);
//
CloseHandle(pt-> mjpEvents[0]);
CloseHandle (pt-> m_pEvents [1] ) ;
//
: :PostMessage(pt->GetSafeHwnd(), WM_FINISH, 0, Obreturn 0;

7. Class View ( ), Sync,


csyncDlg Add | Add Variable ( |
). Add Member Variable Wizard
( ).
8. Variable type (
) CEvent, Variable
name ( ) m_eFinish
Finish ().
csyncDlg.
9.

Class View ( ) csyncDlg


csyncDlg. SyncDlg.h.

10. CEvent' m e F i n i s h ;
HANDLE m _ p E v e n t s [ 2 ] ;

11. void onOK(void);


LRESULT OnFinish(WPARAM, LPARAM);

12. #include "afxmt.h"


#define

WM_FINISH

WMJJSER + 0x100

13. SyncDlg.cpp.
14. csyncDlg
12.5.

12. Windows
\ 12.5. CSyncDlg
//
void CSyncDlg::OnBnClickedStart(void)
<
//
UpdateData();
//
/*
AfxBeginThread(TextThreadProc, this);
AfxBeginThread(TextThreadProc, this);
*/
SetEvent(m_pEvents[0]); //

//
void CSyncDlg::OnCancel(void)
{
/*
//
if(m_Count)
return;
//
CDialog::OnCancel();
*/
SetEvent(m_pEvents[1]); //

//
void CSyncDlg::OnOK(void)
{
/*
//
if(m_Count)
return;
//
CDialog::OnOK();

381
!

382

III. Visual C++

*/
SetEvent(m_pEvents[1]);

//

// WM_FINISH
LRESULT CSyncDlg::OnFinish(WPARAM /*wParam*/, LPARAM /*lParam*/)
{
CDialog: :OnOK() ;
return 0;

15. 12.6.
! 12.6.
//
UINT TextThreadProc(LPVOID param)
{
int
i;
CString
szTemp;
CSyncDlg*
pt = (CSyncDlg*) param;
pt->m_eFinish.ResetEvent(); //
CSingleLock
FirstLock(&(pt->m_Critic));
pt->m_Count++;
//
for(i=0; i < 20; i
if(pt-> m_bSync)
FirstLock.Lock(); //
if(!pt-> m_bSync I | FirstLock. IsLockedO ) //
{
//
szTemp.Format(" ") ;
pt->m_Output.ReplaceSel(szTemp) ;
Sleep(10);
szTemp.Format(" ") ;
pt->m_Output.ReplaceSel(szTemp);
Sleep(10);
szTemp.Format("
");

12. Windows
pt->m_Output .ReplaceSel (szTemp) ;
Sleep(10);
szTemp.Format("
");
pt->m_Output.ReplaceSel(szTemp);
Sleep(10);

383
"**

szTemp.Format("%d \r\n", i) ;
pt->m_0utput.ReplaceSel(szTemp);
}
Sleep(lOO); //
if(pt-> m_bSync)
FirstLock.Unlock(); //
}
pt->m Count; //
if(!pt->m_Count)
pt->m_eFinish.SetEvent(); //
return 0;

16. csyncDlg 12.7.


I 12.7. csyncDlg

BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CSyncDlg, CDialog)
ON_WM_SYSCOMMAND()
ON_WM_PAINT()
ON_WM_QUERYDRAGICON()
//}}AFX_MSG_MAP
ON_BN_CLICKED(IDC_START, OnBnClickedStart)
ON_MESSAGE(WM_FINISH,OnFinish)
END_MESSAGE_MAP()
17.

<F5> . ,
,
.

, ,
. ,
, . , . -

384

III. Visual C++

,
,
, . .

, , . ,
.
. DoModai
.
, .

, ,
,
.
, Add Member Variable Wizard no - .

createEvent.
. FALSE ,
, ,
.

.
: :WaitForMuitipieObjects. , .

. FALSE ,
, . , ,
, .
.- :WaitForMuitipleObjects
, ,
. .

12. Windows

385

,
, . .

,
::WaitForMultipleObjects.

,
, . : :waitForSingleObject. , ,
. ,
.
^ :
w h i l e ( p t - > m_Count)
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, . , .
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, .

cwnd: :GetsafeHwnd. .
.
, ,
WMJJSER + Oxioo, . . 256
, . ,
.

, -

386

III. Visual C++

, . OnFinish , . ,
. C D i a l o g : :OnOK,

.
, , r e t u r n .
. onBnciickedstart
setEvent, , . oncancel
SetEvent. ,
, .
, .

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CEvent
. , , mpEvents .

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388

III. Visual C++



. ,
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WM_HELP , . (, ),
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.

13.

389


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lParam, .
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.-f

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,
, .

.
. .



, . Windows , , . winHeip.
.
Microsoft , , Internet
Windows Internet Explorer,
: ,
, Windows,
.
Internet Explorer.
HTML Help.

.
Help Topics ( ).
, . 13.1, ,
.

III. Visual C++

390

|.[|1.:..!

Contents I Index | Find |


Click a book, and then click Open. Or click another tab, such as Index.


,
,






()

Microsoft Wotd

,,]
I

Open

Print..

2J

Cancel

. 1 3 . 1 . Help Topics

.
, . 13.2,
. , , . , , .
.
.
, . 13.3,
. .
.
HTML Help ( HTML).
, . 13.4,
Internet Explorer.
.
.

13.

391

I > Microsoft Word

File Edit Bookmark Options Help


Print
QontenUJ index 1 /
MICROSOFT
! : )
, (
) Microsoft Corporation : Microsoft)
Microsoft (:
), ,
, .
, ,
. ,
, ,
.

,
, .
, .

. 13.2.
,
/ ,
"".
.

. 1 3 . 3 .

lls? Windows 2000


Hide

Qptions Web Help

Contents I index | Search I Favorites j


Introducing Windows 2000 Professional
Files and Folders
Internet, E-mail, and Communications
Working with Programs
Personalizing Your Computer
Hardware
\ b Printing
4 Troubleshooting and Maintenance
Networking
Accessibility for Special Needs
Mobile Users
Security
3 Control Panel
Glossary
Reference

2 0 0 0

P r o f e s s i o n a l

Start Here Find it fast


If you've used
Windows before
Troubleshooting
Information and
support on the
Web
1965-1999 Microsoft Corporation.
All rights reserved.

. 1 3 . 4 . HTML Help

zl

III. Visual C++

392

Find (), Help Topics


( ) .
.

:
1. Help Topics ( )
Find (). Find Setup Wizard
( ), . 13.5.

Find Setup Wizard


Find enabe
l s you to search foe specific words and
phrases in help topics, instead of searching for
information by category.
Before you can use Find. Wn
i dows must first create a list
(or database], which contains every word from your help
file(s)
To create this list now click Next.
^ Mn
im
i zie database size ((ecommsndedj
<"" Maxm
i zie search capabilities
f~ Customzie search capabilities
Next> Zl

Cancel |

. 13.5. Find Setup Wizard


2. Next
(). Find Setup Wizard ( ), . 13.6.
3. Finish (). Help Topics
( ), Find (), . 13.7.
4. 1. Type the word(s)
you want to find ( )
2. Select some matching words to narrow your search (
). 3. Click a topic, then click Display
( Display) , .
5. 3. Click a topic, then click Display (
Display)
Display ().

13.

393

Find Setup Wizard


Click Finish to start creating the word list. This process
may take a while, but you only need to do it once.
Once the list has been created, you can click the Find
tab to search for specific words and phrases.

Back

Finish "

Cancel

. 13.6. Find Setup Wizard


Help Topics: Microsoft Word
Contents | Index Find |
1 Jype the word(s}you want to find
2 Select some matching words to narrow your search

3 Click a topic, then click Display


AbsQ Example
Accessing an Embedded Word Object
Accessing Word for OLE Automation
Activate
Activate Example
ActivateObiect
[280 Topics Found

I!

j All words. Begin, Auto. Pause

Bisplay

. 13.7. Help Topics, Find

6. , . 13.8.

394

III. Visual C++

I Microsoft Word

Abs()
Abs(/>)
Returns the absolute value of n . For example, Abs(--E) returns the value 5.

See also
Strings.ind_Nurnbers,Stfl!gir!OlS.and Fu.netins
tntfl

BM)
, t3.8.
Find () Help Topics (
) . 4.
Find (),
Rebuild ().
HTML Help ( HTML) Index ( ),
.
,
, winHeip.
hip .
. ,
, , . .
, Windows .
,
( ).
[MAP] ,
.
winHeip
, Help
. , winHeip
, :
HKEY_LOCAL__MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\H.elp

, . , .

13.

395

winHeip , Windows Help ( Windows), . 13.9.

Windows Help
Cannot find the E:\CPP_7\Hep
l App\Debug\Hep
l App.HLP file, Do you want to try to find this file yourself?
Yes
. 13.9. Windows Help
, . Yes () Open
(), . 13.10.
JJ2S1
Look in

z\

s| Debug

IS EH-

File name:
Files of type:

Help Files

Qpen
Cancel

. 13.10. Open

. winHeip
,
.
winHeip . :
case IDHELP:

396

III. Visual C++


WinHelp(hWnd, "DemoApp.hlp", HELP_FINDER, 0) ;
break;

.
, , , , . ,
. , .
WinHelp:
BOOL WinHelp(HWND hWndMain,
LPCTSTR lpszHelp,
UINT uCommand,
DWORD dwData);

//
//
//
//
// uCommand

uCommand -
dwData Visual C + + . . 13.1.
13.1. UCommand
UCommand

HELPCONTEXT

, dwData

HELP_QUIT

HELP_INDEX

HELP_FINDER

( CNT)

HELP_HELPONHELP

HELPKEY

,
dwData

WinHelp MFC
cwinApp: :WinHeip. :
virtual void WinHelp(DWORD dwData, UINT nCmd = HELP_CONTEXT);
API.
, , . DemoApp.exe, DemoApp.hlp, WinHelp :
AfxGetApp->WinHelp(O, HELP_INDEX); //
AfxGetApp->WinHelp(O, HELP_FINDER); // ,
// .CNT

13.

397

^5

,
CWinApp: :m_pszHelpFilePath.
winHelp Windows NT.
HWND hwnd;
//
BOOL bResult //
bResult = WinHelp(hWnd, "WINNT.HLP", HELP_CONTENTS, OL);
Windows NT
.
HWND hwnd; //
BOOL bResult //
bResult = WinHelp(hWnd, "WINNT.HLP", HELP_KEY, (DWORD) "finding topics");
Help Topics ( )
winHelp HELPFINDER. , Help Topics ( )
, , ,
, .
. ,
<F1>, ,
.
HELPCONTENTS winHelp
Contents () Help Topics
( ) HELPINDEX Index
( ). .
HELP_FINDER.
winHelp
HELP_CONTEXT . HELPCONTEXT Help Topics ( )

. , .
HELPCONTEXT Windows,
.
,
, , ,

398

III. Visual C++

, , . .
.
winHelp
HELP_WM_HELP HELP_CONTEXTMENU.

,
.
HELP_WM_HELP WM_HELP
.
WM_HELP Defwindov.-P;.;,c,
( ).
,
, , winHelp
, hitemHandie,
HELPINFO, WM_HELP.
, WMHELP
.

HELP_CONTEXTMENU

WM_CONTEXTMENU. WM_CONTEXTMENU Defwindowpro>:., (


).
,
.
winHelp wParam . ,
, ,

HELP_WM_HELP, HELP_CONTEXTMENU What's This? ( ?).


, WinHelp .
.

HELP_CONTEXTPOPUP, .
HELP CONTEXT,
.
WMHELP

13.

399

,
.
.
. WMHELP
HELPINFO .
winHeip .
setwindowContextHelpid , setMenuContextHeipid .
GetWindowContextHelpId GetMenuContextHelpId .
Windows
. ,
.
HELPKEY,
HELP_PARTIALKEY HELPJMULTIKEY W i n H e i p .

winHeip , ,
. , , winHeip .
Index ( )
Help Topics ( ), . 13.11.
1. Type the first few letters of the word you're looking for (
) .
2. Click the index entry you want, and the click
Display ( Display)
, , . 2. Click the index entry you want, and the click Display ( Display) ,
Display ().
, Topics
Found ( ), . 13.12.
, .
,
, winHeip
( HELP_KEY HELPPARTIALKEY),
( HELP MULTIKEY).

winHeip. . (

III. Visual C++

400

, Windows 3.x)
, ,
( cnt), : index :Link.
^ ^ ^

mi

IHelp Topics: Microsoft W o r t H p a t

Contents

Index

| pr,d

4U.XJ

T y p e t h e first t e w l e t t e r s o f t h e w o r d y o u ' r e l o o k i n g for.

]l
2

Click the index entry y o u w a n t , a n d t h e n click Display.

1111
- (subtraction) operator
{] (parentheses) in expressions
" (multiplication) operator
/ (division) operator
[ ] (squaie brackets) in WordBasic syntax
\Cell predefined bookmark
\Char predefined bookmark
\Doc predefined bookmark
\EndOfDoc predefined bookmark
\EndOfSel predefined bookmark
WeadingLevel predefined bookmark
VLine predefined bookmark
\Page predefined bookmark
\Para predefined bookmark
\PrevSel1 predefined bookmark
\PrevSel2 predefined bookmark

Display

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i '

. 13.11. Help Topics, Index


JJJ<J
Click a topic, then click Display.
CheckBox
ComboBox
Creating Dynamic Dialog Boxes
Dialog Function Syntax
Dialog, Dialog))
DlgControlldfJ
DlgEnable, DlgEnableO
3lgFocus, DlgFocus$()
DlgListBoxArray. DlgListBoxArrayO
| Display J

zi
Cancel |

. 13.12.
Topics Found

13.

401

HELPKEY winHelp
, . HELP_MULTIKEY HELP_PARTIALKEY
, :Link.
Windows
, . Windows
,
, . ( ,
.) MULTIKEY
[OPTIONS] .
Index ( ) , , HELPSETINDEX
winHelp.
,
, HELP_MULTIKEY.
MULTIHELP,
winHelp.
WinHelp
, ">" , ,
:Base , .
WinHelp
,
. Topics Found (
) Help Topics ( ) .
Windows . Windows
. , . ,
. , , Windows .
[WINDOWS] . , , .
Windows , (>) . WinHelp.
HELPWININFO

402

III. Visual C++

HELP_SETWINPOS WinHeip. HELPWININFO


, .
,
, ,

. , . , ,
, TCard,
,
.
, .
winHeip,
, HELP_CONTEXT,
HELP TCARD. , TCard Windows WMTCARD. wParam
, lParam
, wParam.
Windows
, ,
. , winHeip
HELP_QUIT.
, .
winHeip,
,
(, WM_DESTROY ).
winHeip , . ,
(dll) .
Windows, WinHeip HELPTCARD
HELPQUIT. , .
Windows
, WMTCARD, wParam IDCLOSE.

13.

403



, . :
. (
" ?" " ?");
. (
,
. , , );
. ( ).
Windows .
<F1> WinHelp, , .
<Shift>+<Fl>. ( )
.
<F1>
.
.
( ).

,
.


,
. .

Context-sensitive Help ( ) Advanced Features ( )
MFC Application Wizard - Help (
MFC), . 13.13.

III. Visual C++

404
IHFC Application Wizard - Help

2l

Advanced Features
Specify additional support to build into your application.

Application Type
Compound Document Support
Document Template Strings
Database Support

Advanced features:
ly Context-sensitive Help
(f WinHelp Format

Number of files on recent file list:

HTML Help format


I"? Printing and print preview
" Automation
P? ActiveX controls
. MAPI (Messaging API)

User Interface Features

" Windows sockets

Advanced Features

" Active Accessibility


W Common Control Manifest

Generated Classes

Finish

Cancel

Help

. 13.13. Context-sensitive Help



.
, . , AppWizard .
h (header file) ,
.
hrn (help mapping file)
. , ,
.
rtf (rich text format) .
cnt ,
Contents ( ) Help Topics (
). (, , hip).

13.

405

hpj (help project file),


, hm
rtf, hip.

. , .
gid , , .
fts ,
.
ftg , .
, , ASCII,
. INI-.
. 13.2
. Microsoft
Help Workshop, .
13.2.

[OPTIONS]

[ FILES ]

RTF, HLP

[WINDOWS ]

[ALIAS ]

:
[OPTIONS]
ERRORLOG = DemoApp.err
CONTENTS = HID_CONTENTS
TITLE = DemoApp Help
[FILES]
DemoApp.rtf
[WINDOWS]
Main = "DemoApp Help",(190,100,560,630),,,(192,192,192)

406

III. Visual C++

[OPTIONS] , ,
,
. [ F I L E S ] , [WINDOWS] .
.
, MFC Application Wizard ( OLE)
Context-sensitive Help ( )
:
CMainFrame
ID_HELP_FINDER ID_DEFAULT_HELP.

CMDiFrameWnd;
Help ();
, AppWizard ( , , , ), Help Topics ( );
<F1> ( I D HELP)
<Shift>+<Fl> (ID_CONTEXT_HELP);
Ready ()
For Help, press F1 ( F1);
,
, AFX_IDS_HELPMODEMESSAGE,
Select an object on which to get Help ( ,
).
ID_CONTEXT_HELP;
,
Help Topics (
);
afxcore.rtf, ;
Advanced Features ( ) MFC Application Wizard - Help (
MFC) Printing and print preview (
), afxprintf.rtf,
;

13.

407


BMP,
.



Help ()
Help () , , , WM_COMMAND. , WinHelp. , .
WM__CONTEXTMENU.
,
, . , ,
What's This? ( ?), .
Windows
<F1> . , (, ,
. .) ,
WinHelp,
.
WMHELP. , .
[MAP] hpj.
#define #inciude,
.
.
[MAP] #inciude, :
# i n c l u d e DemoApp.h


RTF .
[ALIAS], , RTF.
:
[ALIAS]
ID_FIRST=HID_FIRST
ID_SECOND=HID_SECOND
ID_THIRD=HID_THIRD
ID_HELP=HID_DEMO_MENU
IDM_ABOUT=HID_MAIN_INDEX
IDM_EXIT=HID_APP_EXIT
14 . 629

408

III. Visual C++

[MAP]
ID_FIRST=0x9000
ID_SECOND=0x9001
ID_THIRD=Ox9002
ID_HELP=32771
IDM_ABOUT=104
IDM_EXIT=105

,
. WM_HELP WM_CONTEXTMENU.
l Par am WM_HELP HELPINFO. hitemHandie
,
, i c t r i i d . WinHeip HELP_WM_HELP, .
,
:
case WM_HELP:
{
HELPINFO & helpinfo = * reinterpret_cast<LPHELPINFO>(lParam);
if(helpinfo.iContextType == HELPINFO_MENUITEM)
{
WinHeip(hWnd, "DemoApp.hlp", HELP_CONTEXT, helpinfo.iCtrlld);
}
break;
winHeip . Windows,
. ,
,
1, (,
, )
. , .
.

13.

409

<F1>
I D H E L P . . I D H E L P , .
I D HELP ,
. , ID_HELP cwinApp: :OnHeip.
, , .
cwinApp: :OnHeip :
AfxMessageBox,
. , WinHelp , ;
,
cwinApp: :OnHeip WM_COMMANDHELP . WMCOMMANDHELP
MFC, .
,
-cwinApp: :winHelp ,
. WinHelp,
, ;
, , .
ID_DEFAULT_HELP. CWinApp: :OnHelpIndex.
HELPCONTEXTMENU ,
Windows .
Help Topics ( ).
winHelp WM_CONTEXTMENU
WM_HELP :
WM_CONTEXTMENU wparam, , ;
HELP_CONTEXTMENU,
HELP WM H E L P .

410

III. Visual C++

LRESULT CALLBACK MyDlgProc(HWND hwndDlg, UINT uMsg, WPARAM wParam,


LPARAM lParam)
{
//
// ,
static DWORD aIDs[] =
{
IDC_GO, HIDD_GO,
IDOK, HIDD_CONTEXT_OK,
IDCANCEL, HIDD_CONTEXT_CANCEL,
0, 0

//
switch (uMsg)
{
case WM_HELP:
WinHeip(((LPHELPINFO) lParam)->hItemHandle,
"MyHelp.hlp", HELP_WM_HELP, (DWORD) (LPSTR) alDs)
break;
case WM_CONTEXTMENO:
WinHeip((HWND) wParam, "MyHelp.hlp",
HELP_CONTEXTMENU, (DWORD) (LPVOID) alDs);
break;
// .

return FALSE;

,
winHeip HELP_SETWINPOS

HELPWININFO. , , .

"help_wnd". [WINDOWS] .
BOOL DoWindowSize(VOID)

13.
HANDLE

411

hWnd;

LPHELPWININFO lpHwi;
WORD
Size;
char*
szWndName = "help_wnd";
//
// LPHELPWININFO
Size = sizeof(HELPWININFO) + lstrlen(szWndName);
hWnd = GlobalAlloc(GHND, Size);
lpHwi = (LPHELPWININFO) GlobalLock(hWnd);
// LPHELPWININFO
lpHwi->
lpHwi->
lpHwi->
lpHwi->
lpHwi->

wStructSize = Size;
x
= 64;
//'

= 64;
//
dx
= 256;
//
dy
= 256;
//

lpHwi-> wMax
= SW_SHOW; //
lstrcpy(lpHwi-> rgchMember, szWndName); //
//
WinHelp(hwnd, "MyHelp.hlp", HELP_SETWINPOS, (DWORD) lpHwi);
//
GlobalUnlock(hWnd) ;
GlobalFree(hWnd) ;
return;


<Shift>+<Fl>,
ID_CONTEXT HELP.
,
(cWinApp: : Run).

,

(, ).

412

III. Visual C++

.
.
, , , . CWinApp: :OnContextHelp.
, , , .
PreTransiateMessage, .
PreTransiateMessage, TO
m_bHelpMode
cwinApp. PreTransiateMessage
CDialog , , isDialogMessage,

. ,
cwinApp: :Onidie.
( WM_COMMANDHELP). ,
onContextHelp WM_HELPHITTEST , . , .
, OnContextHelp
( , ). , ID_DEFAULT_HELP,
cwinApp: :OnHelpindex.
WM_HELPHITTEST MFC, ,
<Shift>+<Fl>. DWORD,
, WinHelp.


Visual C + + , .
Resource language ( ),
Application Type ( ) MFC Application
Wizard - Help ( MFC). , , -

13.

413

, ,
.
, Visual C++ ,
, .
Visual C++ 6.0 : ,
Windows, .
Visual Studio.NET
Windows 2000 , .
MFC Application Wizard ( MFC) ,
, . , ,
. ,
.
,
Microsoft,
,
, , , .
. .
,
.
(, , ,
, , ). ,
.
: Microsoft
"" , . , ,
. 13.14.
, ,
, MS
Word 7.0 Windows 2000 (. 13.15). ,
, Windows 2000.

III. Visual C++

414

77? 777777 ?????7?


)00s
????777? ???????
J29n
7????? ?????

?????????
/~>->->7
f

??????O79?77

?7?77?77?
i

|29

Next ^

Cancel

Help

. 13.14.
Windows 2000

_
_

'

i
\

1...
.

I
1

; _
j

. 13.15.
MS Word 7.0 Windows 2000
,
. ,

Windows,
. ,

13.

415

, ,
( , ).

. .
,
OLE,
afxres.rc afxprint.rc, . ,
,
,
( ).
, ,
, , Windows,
- .
(afxprint.rc) , .
, , . , , .
Help, ,
OLE.
, , . Help,
, ,
. :
1. , 1
Help, MFC Application Wizard
( MFC) Finish ().
2. Advanced Features (
), Context-sensitive Help (
) Finish ().
3.
. File | Open | File ( | |
) . Open ().

III. Visual C++

416

4. Help.rc, Open
(), . 13.16, Open
With ( ). Open With (
), . 13.17.
lopenFile
Looktn:

History

; "; -SSSii;f

Q Hepl
^J *"
_3
lhp
l
[Ksjtdafx.h
22
rh
elF
c|Cd
isrmc
.pp
h)Ch
d
liFrmh
.
||.
h] Help.h
Help.rc
e| HelpDoc.cpp
h] HelpDoc.h
ei| HelpView.cpp
h] HelpView.h
MainFrm.cpp
KJ MainFrm.h
hj Resource, h
stdafx.cpp

l X CJ * Tois'

M
yProejcts
j
j

y=y
Desktop

Fu
av*oJ
tre
is

File name:

'

zJ
zJ

Files of type: Jvisual C++ Files

Open |-|
Open
Open With...

. 13.16. Open

Open With - Help.rc


Select a program to open:

Source Code (Text) Editor


Source Code (Text) Editor With Encoding
HTML/XML Editor
HTML/XML Editor with Encoding
Visual
Binary Editor

Add...

Set as Default
Close

Help

. 13.17. Open With - Help.rc

13.

417

5. Select a program to open ( ,


) Source Code (Text) Editor (
) Open (). .
6.

13.1.
\
1

| 13.1.
!
II , Microsoft Developer Studio.
//
#include "resource.h"
#define APSTODIO_READONLY_SYMBOLS
mimmmm/mm/mimmmimmmmmiiimiiiimmm
II TEXTINCLUDE 2.
# include "afxres.h"
imimiiiiim/miiiimii/ii/iiim

iiimimimi/iimiiii

#undef APSTUDIO_READONLY_SYMBOLS
#ifdef APSTUDIO_INVOKED
iimiimmmiiiiimimmmiimimimmmmimiiiiiimiii
II TEXTINCLUDE
1 TEXTINCLUDE
BEGIN
"resource.h\0"
END
2 TEXTINCLUDE
BEGIN
"tinclude ""afxres.h""\r\n"
"\0"
END
3 TEXTINCLUDE
BEGIN
"tdefine _AFX_NO_SPLITTER_RESOURCES\r\n"
"#define _AFX_NO_OLE_RESOURCES\r\n"
"Idefine AFX NO TRACKER RESOURCES\r\n"

/mimi

418

III. Visual C++


"#define _AFX_NO_PROPERTY_RESOURCES\r\n"
"\r\n"
"#if !defined(AFX_RESOURCE_DLL)

defined(AFX_TARG_ENU)\r\n"

"#ifdef _WIN32\r\n"
"LANGUAGE LANG_RUSSIAN, SUBLANG_DEFAULT\r\n"
"#pragma code_page(1251)\r\n"
"#endif //_WIN32\r\n"
"#include ""res\\Help.rc2""
sources\r\n"

// non-Microsoft Visual C++ edited

re-

"#endif\r\n"
"\0"
END
#endif

// APSTUDIO_INVOKED

I/ Icon
// , ,
// ,
//
#if !defined(AFX_RESOURCE_DLL)

I defined(AFX_TARG_ENU)

#ifdef _WIN32
LANGUAGE LANG_RUSSIAN, SUBLANG_DEFAULT
#pragma code_page(1251)
#endif //_WIN32
IDR_MAINFRAME

ICON

"resWHelp. ico"

IDR_HelpTYPE

ICON

"resWHelpDoc. ico"

#endif
/////ll/lllll1111 III IIIIIIIII//I/I IIII/III/I IIII IIIIll/llllllIII IIIIllll
II Bitmap
IDR_MAINFRAME

BITMAP

"res\\Toolbar.bmp"

////////////////////' /Illlllll/llllllIIIIIIIlllllllllll/lllllIIIIIIIIIIIII
II CMiniFrameWnd Bitmap
AFX_IDB_MINIFRAME_MENU

BITMAP

DISCARDABLE

"res\\minifwnd.bmp"

13.

419

11 CCheckListBox Bitmaps
AFX_IDB_CHECKLISTBOX_95

mm/mi

BITMAP DISCARDABLE

"res\\95check.bmp"

in/mm ill in/mi mi iii i mmmiii /mil/in ill mm/mil /mm

1111111111111111111111 /11111 ii 111 in 11111/1 in i in 1111111111111 / ii /1


11 Cursors
AFX IDC CONTEXTHELP

CURSOR DISCARDABLE

"res Whelp, cur"

#ifndef _AFX_NO_SPLITTER_RESOURCES
AFX_IDC_SMALLARROWS
CURSOR DISCARDABLE
AFX_IDC_HSPLITBAR
CURSOR DISCARDABLE
AFX_IDC_VSPLITBAR
CURSOR DISCARDABLE
AFX_IDC_NODROPCRSR
CURSOR DISCARDABLE
#endif //!_AFX_NO_SPLITTER_RESOURCES

"resWsarrows. cur"
"resWsplith.cur"
"resWsplitv.cur"
"resWnodrop.cur"

#ifndef AFX NO TRACKER RESOURCES


AFX IDC TRACKNWSE
CURSOR DISCARDABLE
AFX IDC TRACKNESW
CURSOR DISCARDABLE
AFX_IDC TRACKNS
CURSOR DISCARDABLE
AFX_IDC_TRACKWE
CURSOR DISCARDABLE
AFX IDC TRACK4WAY
CURSOR DISCARDABLE
AFX IDC MOVE4WAY
CURSOP DISCARDABLE
#endif //! AFX NO TRACKER RESOURCES

"resWtrcknwse. cur"
"resWtrcknesw.cur"
"resWtrckns. cur"
"resWtrckwe. cur"
"res\\trck4way.cur"
"res\\move4way.cur"

#ifndef AFX NO MOUSE RESOURCES


AFX IDC MOUSE PAN_N CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_pann.cur"
AFX IDC MOUSE PAN_S CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_pans.cur"
AFX IDC MOUSE PAN_E CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_pane.cur"
AFX__IDC__MOUSE_PAN_W CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_panw.cur"
AFX IDC MOUSE PAN_NE CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_panne.cur"
AFX__IDC__MOUSE_PAN_NW CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_pannw.cur"
AFX__IDC MOUSE PANJ3E CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_panse.cur"
AFXJTDC__MOUSE_PAN_SW CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_pansw.cur"
AFX__IDC___MOUSE PAN_HORZ CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_panh.cur"
AFX IDC MOUSE PAN_VERT CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_panv.cur"
AFX IDC MOUSE PAN_HV CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_panhv.cur"

III. Visual C++

420

/I anchor bitmaps
AFX_IDC_MOUSE_ORG_HORZ CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_orgh.cur"
AFX_IDC_MOUSE_ORG_VERT CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_orgv.cur"
AFX_IDC_MOUSE_ORG_HV CURSOR DISCARDABLE "res\\im_orghv.cur"
tendif
AFX IDC MAGNIFY

CURSOR

DISCARDABLE

"resWraagnify.cur"

11111111II111111111 / III III III /I/1111111111111111111111111 /11111


II Toolbar
IDR_MAINFRAME TOOLBAR 16, 15
BEGIN
ID_FILE_NEW
BUTTON
ID_FILE_OPEN
BUTTON
ID_FILE_SAVE
BUTTON
SEPARATOR
ID_EDIT_CUT
BUTTON
ID_EDIT_COPY
BUTTON
ID_EDIT_PASTE
BUTTON
SEPARATOR
ID_FILE_PRINT
BUTTON
ID_APP_ABOUT
BUTTON
ID CONTEXT HELP
BUTTON
END
#if !defined(AFX_RESOURCE_DLL) I I defined(AFX_TARG_ENU)
#ifdef _WIN32
LANGUAGE LANG_RUSSIAN, SUBLANG_DEFAULT
#pragma code_page(1251)
#endif //_WIN32
II Menu
IDR_MAINFRAME MENU
BEGIN
POPUP "&"
BEGIN
MENUITEM "&...\tCtrl+N",
MENUITEM " . . . . \tCtrl+O",

ID_FILE_NEW
ID FILE OPEN

13.
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM

SEPARATOR
"& ...",
SEPARATOR
' ",
SEPARATOR
"^",
"&", .

END
POPUP "&"
BEGIN
MENUITEM " &",
MENUITEM " &",
END
POPUP "&?"
BEGIN
MENUITEM "& ",
MENUITEM SEPARATOR
MENUITEM "SO ",

421

ID_FILE_PRINT_SETUP
ID_FILE_MRU_FILE1, GRAYED
ID_FILE_CLOSE
ID APP EXIT

ID__VIEW_TOOLBAR
ID VIEW STATUS BAR

ID HELP FINDER
ID APP ABOUT

END
END
IDR_HelpTYPE MENU
BEGIN
POPUP "&"
BEGIN
MENUITEM "&...\tCtrl+N",
MENUITEM ' . . . \tCtrl+O",
MENUITEM ".",
MENUITEM "&CoxpaHHTb\tCtrl+S",
MENUITEM " &...",
MENUITEM SEPARATOR
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM

"&..AtCtrl+P",
"& "
"& ...",
SEPARATOR
". ",
SEPARATOR
"&",

END
POPUP "&"

ID_FILE_NEW
ID_FILE_OPEN
ID_FILE_CLOSE
ID_FILE_SAVE
ID_FILE_SAVE_AS
ID_FILE_PRINT
ID_FILE_PRINT_PREVIEW
ID_FILE_PRINT_SETUP
ID_FILE_MRU_FILE1, GRAYED
ID APP EXIT

III. Visual C++

422
BEGIN
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM

"&OTMeHMTb\tCtrl+Z",
SEPARATOR
"&Bbipe3aTb\tCtrl+X",
"&\1:1:1+",
"BcT&aBMTb\tCtrl+V",

END
POPUP "&"
BEGIN
MENUITEM " ^"
MENUITEM " &",
END
POPUP

ID_EDIT_UNDO
ID_EDIT_CUT
ID_EDIT_COPY
ID EDIT PASTE

I D_VIEW_TOOLBAR
ID VIEW STATUS BAR

"SOKHO"

BEGIN
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM
MENUITEM

"&",
"&",
"&",
"&",

END
POPUP "&?"
BEGIN
MENUITEM "& ",
MENUITEM SEPARATOR
MENUITEM "& ",
END

ID_WINDOW_NEW
ID_WINDOW_CASCADE
ID_WINDOW_TILE_HORZ
ID WINDOW ARRANGE

ID HELP FINDER
ID APP ABOUT

END

11 Accelerator
IDR_MAINFRAME ACCELERATORS
BEGIN
"N",
ID_FILE_NEW,
"0",
ID_FILE_OPEN,
"S",
ID_FILE_SAVE,
"P",
ID_FILE_PRINT,
"Z",
ID_EDIT_UNDO,
"X",
ID_EDIT_CUT,
"C",
ID__EDIT_COPY,
"V",
ID EDIT PASTE,

VIRTKEY,CONTROL
VIRTKEY,CONTROL
VIRTKEY,CONTROL
VIRTKEY,CONTROL
VIRTKEY,CONTROL
VIRTKEY,CONTROL
VIRTKEY,CONTROL
VIRTKEY,CONTROL

13.
VK__BACK,
VK_J3ELETE,
VK INSERT,
VK__INSERT,
VK__F6,
VK__F6,
VK_-Fl'
VK Fl,
END

423

ID__EDIT UNDO,
ID__EDIT_CUT,
ID EDIT COPY,
ID__EDIT_PASTE,
ID NEXT PANE,

VIRTKEY,ALT
VIRTKEY,SHIFT
VIRTKEY,CONTROL
VIRTKEY,SHIFT
VIRTKEY

ID__PREV_PANE,
ID_ CONTEXT HELP,
ID HELP,

VIRTKEY,SHIFT
VIRTKEY,SHIFT
VIRTKEY

//
AFX_IDR_PREVIEW_ACCEL ACCELERATORS LOADONCALL MOVEABLE
BEGIN
VK_NEXT,
AFX_ID_PREVIEW_NEXT,
VIRTKEY, NOINVERT
VK_PRIOR,
AFX_ID_PREVIEW_PREV,
VIRTKEY, NOINVERT
VK_ESCAPE, AFX_ID_PREVIEW_CLOSE, VIRTKEY, NOINVERT
END

// Dialog
IDD_ABOUTBOX DIALOG 0, 0, 235, 55
CAPTION " "
STYLE DS_MODALFRAME | WS_POPUP I WS_CAPTION

I WS_SYSMENU

FONT 8, "MS Sans Serif"


BEGIN
ICON
IDR_MAINFRAME,IDC_STATIC, 11, 17, 20, 20
LTEXT
"Help 1.0",IDC_STATIC,40,10,119, 8,
SS_NOPREFIX
LTEXT
"Copyright (C) 2001",IDCJ3TATIC,40,25,119,8
DEFPUSHBUTTON
"OK",IDOK,178,7,50,14,WS_GROUP
END

// Standard Dialogs
#ifndef _AFX_NO_NEWTYPEDLG_RESOURCES
AFX_IDD_NEWTYPEDLG DIALOG DISCARDABLE 9, 26, 183, 70
STYLE DS MODALFRAME | WS POPUP I WS CAPTION | WS SYSMENU

0x04

424

III. Visual C++

CAPTION "New"
FONT 8, "MS Shell Dig"
BEGIN
LTEXT
"& ",IDC_STATIC,6,5,123,8,NOT
WS_GROUP
LISTBOX
AFX_IDC_LISTBOX,6,15,125,49,WS_VSCROLL I WSJTABSTOP
DEFPUSHBUTTON
"OK",IDOK,137,6,40,14
PUSHBUTTON
".", IDCANCEL,137, 23, 40,14
PUSHBUTTON
"& . . . ", IDJffiLP, 137, 43, 40,14
END
#endif // !_AFX_NO_NEWTYPEDLG_RESOURCES
/
AFX_IDD_PRINTDLG DIALOG DISCARDABLE 6, 18, 133, 95
STYLE DS_MODALFRAME | WS_POPUP I WS_CAPTION I 0x04
FONT 8, "MS Shell Dig"
BEGIN
CTEXT
"",IDC_STATIC,0,9,133,8
CTEXT
"Ha",IDC_STATIC,0,19,133,8
CTEXT
"",AFX_IDC_PRINT_PRINTERNAME,0,29,133,8
CTEXT
"",AFX_IDC_PRINT_PORTNAME,0,39,133,8
CTEXT
"",AFX_IDC_PRINT_DOCNAME,0,49,133,8
CTEXT
"",AFX_IDC_PRINT_PAGENUM,0,59,133,8
PUSHBUTTON
"",IDCANCEL,46,74,40,14
END
//
AFX_IDD_PREVIEW_TOOLBAR DIALOG PRELOAD DISCARDABLE 0, 0, 330, 16
STYLE WS_CHILD I 0x04
FONT 8, "MS Shell Dig"
BEGIN
PUSHBUTTON
"...",AFX_ID_PREVIEW_PRINT, 2, 2, 44,12
PUSHBUTTON
"C&neflyramaH",AFX_ID_PREVIEW_NEXT,48,2,44,12
PUSHBUTTON
"&",AFX_ID_PREVIEW_PREV,94,2,44,12
PUSHBUTTON
"",AFX_ID_PREVIEW_NUMPAGE,140,2,44,12
PUSHBUTTON
"." ,AFX_ID_PREVIEW_ZOOMIN,186,2,44,12
PUSHBUTTON
"&",AFX_ID_PREVIEW_ZOOMOUT, 232,2,44,12
PUSHBUTTON
"&3",AFX_ID_PREVIEW_CLOSE,278,2,44,12
END

13.

425

II Version
//
VS__VERSION_INFO
VERSIONINFO
FILEVERSION
1,0,0,1
PRODUCTVERSION
1,0,0,1
FILEFLAGSMASK 0x3fL
#ifdef _DEBUG
FILEFLAGS OxlL
#else
FILEFLAGS OxOL
lendif
FILEOS 0x4L
FILETYPE OxlL
FILESUBTYPE OxOL
BEGIN
BLOCK "StringFilelnfo"
BEGIN
BLOCK "040904BO"
BEGIN
"\0"
VALUE "CompanyName",
VALDE "FileDescription" "Help Application\0"
"1".0.0.1\0"
VALUE "FileVersion",
"HelpXO"
VALUE "InternalName",
VALUE "LegalCopyright", "Copyright (C) 2001X0"
VALUE "LegalTrademarks" "\0"
VALUE "OriginalFilename","Help.EXEXO"
VALUE "ProductName",
"Help ApplicationXO"
VALUE "ProductVersion", "1.0.0.1X0"
END
END
BLOCK "VarFilelnfo"
BEGIN
VALUE "Translation", 0x409, 1200
END
END

I! 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111'l 1111111111111111111
11 DESIGNINFO

426

III. Visual C++

II
#ifdef APSTUDIO_INVOKED
GUIDELINES DESIGNINFO
BEGIN
IDD_ABOUTBOX, DIALOG
BEGIN
LEFTMARGIN, 7
RIGHTMARGIN, 228
TOPMARGIN, 7
BOTTOMMARGIN, 48
END
END
#endif
// APSTUDIO_INVOKED

11 III 11 III I III 111 III III 11 III I III III III/11 III III III III III 11 III III 111 III
II String Table
//
STRINGTABLE DISCARDABLE
BEGIN
#ifndef _AFX_NO_APPMENU_RESOURCES
AFX_IDS_OPENFILE
" "
AFX_IDS_SAVEFILE
" "
AFX_IDS_ALLFILTER
" (*.*)"
AFX_IDS_UNTITLED
""
AFX_IDS_HIDE,
"&"
#endif // !_AFX_NO_APPMENUSTRING_RESOURCES
END
// ,
STRINGTABLE DISCARDABLE
BEGIN
//
AFX_IDS_PRINTONPORT
" %1"
AFX_IDS_ONEPAGE
"& ." //
//
//
AFX_IDS_TWOPAGE
"& ." //
//
//
AFX_IDS_PRINTPAGENUM ". %"
AFX_IDS_PREVIEWPAGEDESC " %\ %u-%u\n"

13. .

427

//
AFX_IDS_PRINTDEF\ULTEXT

"prn"

// ,
//
AFX_IDS_PRINTDEF\ULT "Output.prn" // ,
//
AFX_IDS_PRlNTFILrER
" (*.) I *. I (*.*) |
*.* I I "
AFX_IDS_PRINTCAPriON " "
AFX_IDS_PRINTTOFILE
" %1"
END
STRINGTABLE
BEGIN
// , MAC,
IDR_MAINFRAME
"Help"
IDR_HelpTYPE
"\nHelp\nHelp\n\n\nHelp.Document\nHelp.Document"
END
STRINGTABLE
BEGIN
AFX_IDS_APP_TITLi;
"Help"
AFX_IDS_IDLEME5SAGE
" F1"
AFX_IDS_HELPMO3EMESSAGE " ,
"
END
STRINGTABLE
BEGIN
ID_INDICATOR_EXT
ID_INDICATOR_CAP3
ID_INDICATOR_NUM
ID_INDICATOR_SCRJ

"EXT"
"CAP"
"NUM"
"SCRL"

ID_INDICATOR_OVR

"OVR"

ID_INDICATOR_REC

"REC"

END
STRINGTABLE
BEGIN
ID_FILE_NEW

" \"

ID__FILE_OPEN

" \"

ID FILE_CLOSE

" \"

III. Visual C++

428
ID_FILE_SAVE

" \"

ID_FILE_SAVE_AS

"
\ "

ID_FILE_PAGE_SETUP

"
"

ID_FILE_PRINT_SETUP

"
\ "

ID_FILE_PRINT

" \"

ID FILE PRINT PREVIEW

"
\ "

ID_APP_ABOUT

" ,
\ "

ID_APP_EXIT

" ;
\"

ID_CONTEXT_HELP

" ,
\"

ID_HELP_INDEX

" \
"

ID_HELP_FINDER

" \ "

ID_HELP_USING

"
\"

ID HELP

"
\"

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE1

" "

ID_FILE MRU_FILE2

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE3

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE4

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE5

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE6

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE7

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE8

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE9

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE10

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE11

" "

ID_FILE _MRO_FILE12

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE13

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE14

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE15

" "

ID_FILE _MRU_FILE16

" "

ID NEXT PANE

" \
"

ID PREV PANE

"
"

13.

429

ID_WINDOW_NEW

" \ "

ID_WINDOW_ARRANGE

"
\ "

ID_WINDOW_CASCADE

" ,
\ "

I D_WINDOW_TILE_HORZ

"
\ "

ID_WINDOW_TILE__VERT

"
\ "

ID WINDOW SPLIT

" \"

ID_EDIT_CLEAR

" "

I D_EDIT_CLEAR_ALL

" \ "

ID_EDIT_COPY

"
\ "

ID_EDIT_CUT

"
"

ID_EDIT_FIND

" \"

ID_EDIT_PASTE

" \"

ID_EDIT_REPEAT

" "

ID__EDIT_REPLACE

" \"

SELECT ALL

" \
"

ID_EDIT_UNDO

"
\"

ID_EDIT_REDO

"
\"

ID_VIEW_T0OLBAR

" \
"

ID VIEW STATUS BAR

" \
"

END
STRINGTABLE
BEGIN
AFX_IDS_SCSIZE

" "

AFX_IDS_SCMOVE

" "

AFX_IDS_SCMINIMIZE

" "

AFX_IDS_SCMAXIMI ZE

" "

AFX_IDS_SCNEXTWINDOW

" "

AFX_IDS_SCPREVWINDOW

" "

AFX IDS SCCLOSE

" "

430 III. Visual C++


AFX_IDS_SCRESTORE
AFX_IDS_SCTASKLIST
AFX_IDS_MDICHILD
AFX_IDS_PREVIEW_CLOSE

" "
" "
" "
"
\ "

END
tendif
iifndef APSTUDIO_INVOKED

111111/111!1111111111/1 111 11 III I/111111111111111111/I I!1111111


II TEXTINCLUDE 3
#define _AFX_NO_SPLITTER_RESOURCES
#define _AFX_NO_OLE_RESOURCES
tdefine _AFX_NO_TRACKER_RESOURCES
#define _AFX_NO_PROPERTY_RESOURCES
#if !defined(AFX_RESOURCE_DLL) I I defined(AFX_TARG_ENU)
#ifdef _WIN32
LANGUAGE LANG_RUSSIAN, SUBLANG_DEFAULT
#pragma code_page(1251)
#endif //_WIN32
linclude "res\\Help.rc2" '// , Microsoft Visual C++
#endif
#endif // not APSTUDIO_INVOKED
7. /res , afxrec.rc afxprint.rc, /res
Help.
, Visual C++
.
# include , . ,
, . #include
,
. .
:
, , ;

13.

431

T E X T I N C L U D E
"LANGUAGE 9,

l\r\n"

"ttpragma code_page(1252)\r\n"
"#endif

//_WIN32\r\n"

"#include ""res\\Help.rc2""

// non-Microsoft Visual C++ edited


resources\r\n"

"#include

""afxres.rc""

// Standard components\r\n"

"iinclude

""afxprint.re""

// printing/print preview resources\r\n"


"LANGUAGE LANG_RUSSIAN, SUBLANG_DEFAULT\r\n"
"tpragma code_page(1251)\r\n"
"tendif //_WIN32\r\n"
"#include ""res\\Help.rc2"" // non-Microsoft Visual C++ edited
resources\r\n"
icon
LANGUAGE 9,

Ipragma code_page(1252)


LANGUAGE LANG_RUSSIAN, SUBLANG_DEFAULT
#pragma code_page(1251);

Bitmap afxres.rc
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
I/ CMiniFrameWnd Bitmap
AFX_IDB_MINIFRAME_MENU

BITMAP DISCARDABLE

"res\\minifwnd.bmp"

I/I////II//IIIIIIIIIIII/IIIII/IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
// CCheckListBox Bitmaps

AFX_IDB_CHECKLISTBOX_95
BITMAP DISCARDABLE
"res\\95check.bmp"
//////inilll/ll/lll/ll/ll/llllllllllllllllll/ll/lll/lllllllllll/ll
cursors
afxres.rc afxprint.rc;
Menu
LANGUAGE 9,

#pragma code_page(1252)


LANGUAGE LANG_RUSSIAN, SUBLANG_DEFAULT
ipragma code_page(1251)

432

III. Visual C++

Menu ;
A c c e l e r a t o r afxprint.rc ;
Accelerator Cursors,
afxres.rc
afxprint.rc;
Dialog afxres.rc
afxprint.rc;
s t r i n g Table
afxres.rc, , afxprint.rc, ;
s t r i n g Table
;
TEXTINCLUDE 3
LANGUAGE

9,

tpragma code_page(1252)
#endif //_WIN32
#include "res\\Help.rc2"

// non-Microsoft Visual C++ edited resources

tinclude "afxres.rc"

// Standard components

#include "afxprint.rc"

// printing/print preview resources


LANGUAGE LANG_RUSSIAN, SUBLANG_DEFAULT
tpragma code_page(1251)
#endif //_WIN32
#include "res\\Help.rc2" // non Microsoft Visual C++ edited resources
Windows,
, , :
STRINGTABLE
BEGIN
AFX_IDS_SCSIZE
AFX_IDS_SCMOVE
AFX_IDS_SCMINIMIZE
AFX_IDS_SCMAXIMIZE
AFX_IDS_SCNEXTWINDOW
AFX_IDS_SCPREVWINDOW

" "
" "
" "
" "
" "
" "

13.
AFX_IDS_SCCLOSE
AFX_IDS_SCRESTORE
AFX_IDS_SCTASKLIST
AFX_IDS_MDICHILD
AFX IDS PREVIEW CLOSE

433
" "
" "
" "
" "
"
\ "

END
STRINGTABLE DISCARDABLE
BEGIN
AFX_IDS_MEMORY_EXCEPTION
AFX_IDS_NOT_SUPPORTED_EXCEPTION

" ."
"
."
" ."

AFX_IDS_RESOURCEJEXCEPTION
AFX IDS USER EXCEPTION

" ."

//
#ifndef _AFX_NO_FILECMD_RESOURCES
AFX_IDP_INVALID_FILENAME
AFX_IDP_FAILED_TO_OPEN_DOC
AFX_IDP_FAILED_TO_SAVE_DOC
AFX_IDP_ASK_TO_SAVE

" ."
" ."
" ."
" %1?"

AFX_IDP_FAILED_TO_CREATE_DOC

"
."

AFX_IDP_FILE_TOO_LARGE

"
."
"
."

AFX IDP FAILED TO START PRINT


#endif // !_AFX_NO_FILECMD_RESOURCES
AFX_IDP_FAILED_TO_LAUNCH_HELP

"
."

AFX_IDP_INTERNAL_FAILURE
AFX_IDP_COMMAND_FAILURE

" ."
" ."

AFX_IDP_FAILED_MEMORY_ALLOC

"
."

AFX_IDP_GET_NOT_SUPPORTED,
AFX_IDP_SET_NOT_SUPPORTED,
AFX IDP UNREG DONE

"

"

.
."
.
."

"
, INI (
) ."

III. Visual C++

434

"He
(
INI file)."
"
%s,

."
"
%s
%s.

% "

AFX IDP UNREG FAILURE

AFX IDP DLL LOAD FAILED

AFX IDP DLL BAD VERSION

// CFile/CArchive,
#ifndef AFX NO CFILE RESOURCES

AFXIDPFAILEDIOERRORREAD

" ."
"%1\
.\
."
"
."
" %1,
."
" %1,

."
"

AFX_IDP_FAILED_IO_ERROR_WRITE

"

AFX_IDP_FAILED_INVALID_FORMAT
AFX_IDP_FAILED_INVALID_PATH
AFX_IDP_FAILED_DISK_FULL
AFX_IDP_FAILED_ACCES S_READ
AFX_IDP_FAILED_ACCESS_WRITE

#endif // ! AFX NO CFILE RESOURCES


//
AFX_IDP_PARSE_INT
" ."
AFX_IDP_PARSE_REAL
" ."
AFX IDP PARSE INT RANGE
" %1
AFX_IDP_PARSE_REAL_RANGE
AFX_IDP_PARSE_STRING_SIZE
AFX_IDP_PARSE_RADIO_BUTTON
AFX_IDP_PARSE_BYTE
AFX_IDP_PARSE_UINT
AFX_IDP_PARSE_DATETIME
AFX_IDP_PARSE_CURRENCY
AFX IDP PARSE GUID,

" %1 %2."
" %1 ."
" ."
" 0
255."
" ."
" / ."
" ."
" GUID."

13.
AFX_IDPJPARSE_TIME,
AFX__IDP_PARSE_DATE,

435

" ."
" ."

#ifndef _AFX_NO_OLE_RESOURCES
// , OLE
AFX_IDS_PASTELINKEDTYPE
" %s"
AFX_IDS_UNKNOWNTYPE
" "
AFX_IDP_FAILED_TO_NOTIFY
AFX_IDS_NOT_DOCOBJECT

"%1\
., ,
."
"
."

#endif /7!_AFX_N0_0LE_RES0URCES
AFX_IDP_NO_ERROR_AVAILABLE

" ."

#ifndef _AFX_NO_CFILE_RESOURCES
AFX_IDP_FILE_NONE
AFX_IDP_FILE_GENERIC

" ."
"
%1."
AFX_IDP_FILE_NOT_FOUND
" %1 ."
AFX_IDP_FILE_BAD_PATH
" %1 ."
AFX_IDP_FILE_TOO_MANY_OPEN " %1 ,
."
AFX_IDP_FILE_ACCESS_DENIED " %1."
AFX_IDP_FILE_INVALID_FILE
" %1 ."
AFX_IDP_FILE_REMOVE_CURREN'T " %1 ,
."
AFX_IDP_FILE_DIR_FULL
" %1 ,
."
AFX_IDP_FILE_BAD_SEEK
" %1 "
AFX_IDP_FILE_HARD_IO
" %1
/."
AFX_IDP_FILE_SHARING
" %1
."
AFX_IDP_FILE_LOCKING
" %1
."
AFX_IDP_FILE_DISKFULL
" %1
'."
AFX_IDP_FILE_EOF
"
%1,
."
AFX_IDS_UNNAMED_FILE
" "
#endif // ! AFX NO CFILE RESOURCES

III. Visual C++

436

AFX_IDP_ARCH_NONE
AFX_IDP_ARCH_GENERIC
AFX_IDP_ARCH_READONLY
AFX_IDP_ARCH_ENDOFFILE
AFX_IDP_ARCH_WRITEONLY
AFX_IDP_ARCH_BADINDEX
AFX_IDP_ARCH_BADCLASS
AFX IDP ARCH BADSCHEMA

" ."
"
%1."
" %1,
."
"
%1, ."
" %1,
."
" %1 ."
" %1 ."
" %1 ."

tifndef _AFX_NO_MAPI_RESOURCES
// MAPI
AFX IDP FAILED MAPI LOAD

"
."
"
DLL
AFX IDP INVALID MAPI DLL
."
AFX_IDP_FAILED_MAPI_SEND
" Send Mail
'
."
#endif //! AFX NO MAPI RESOURCES
#ifndef _AFX_NO_OCC_RESOURCES
AFX_IDS_OCC_SCALEUNITS_PIXELS
#endif /7 !_AFX_NO_OCC_RESOURCES

" "

ftifndef _AFX_NO_SCRIPT_RESOURCES
AFX_IDP_SCRIPT_ERROR
"%1: %2\ ?"
AFX_IDP_SCRIPT_DISPATCH_EXCEPTION " : %1"
#endif //!_AFX_NO_SCRIPT_RESOURCES
AFX_IDS_CHECKLISTBOX_UNCHECK "He "
AFX_IDS_CHECKLISTB'OX_CHECK
""
AFX_IDS_CHECKLISTBOX_MIXED
""
END


,
, .

,

13.

437

.
, . Help , :
IDR_HELPTYPE "\1\1\
(.txt)\n.txt\nHelp.Document\nHelp Document"


, MFC, , , ,
. ,
Open ().


Visual C++
, , . ?,
.
? Help:
1. File | Open Solution ( | ) Open Solution ( )
Help ().
2. Help () Open
().
3. Resource View - Help ( ) Workspace
( ). , , Help.rc , . 13.18.
4. Help.rc
"" Help.rc.
Resource View - Help ( ) .
5. Help.rc, Menu ()
iDRHeipTYPE. .
6. ?.
" ", "& "
<Enter>.
7. , .

438

III. Visual C++


[Resource View - Help
- D Help.rc
;
Open In another editor

. 13.18. Resource View - Help


8.
.
9. Properties ().
Properties ().
10. ID ( ) ID_NEW_HELP Save All
( ) Standard (). , , .
11. Prompt () " \".
12. Class View ( ), Help
() CHelpView.
13. Properties () Events ().
, .
14. ID_NEW_HELP, COMMAND
OnNewHelp.
15. Class View ( ) CHelpView
OnNewHelp. HelpView.cpp
OnNewHelp.
16. OnNewHelp 13.2.
i 13.2. CHelpView: :OnNewHelp
// CHelpView
//
void CHelpView::OnNewHelp(void)

13.

439

WinHelp(HID_NEW_HELP);

17.
#pragma once

HelpView.h

#define HID_NEW_HELP 0x01


18. File | New | File. ( | | ). New File ( ), . 13.19.

Categories:

Templates:

C++ File
()

Header File Midi File (.idl)


(.h)

I
Resource File
(.re)

Bitmap File
(.bmp)

Cursor File
(.cur)

j \
Icon File (.ico)

Resource
Template ...

zl

I Creates a C++ source file.


Open

Cancel

Help

. 13.19. New File


19. General ( ), Templates
() Text File ( )
Open ().
.
20.
HID NEW HELP

0x01

21. . Microsoft Development Environment, . 13.20 .


22. Yes (). Save File As ( ), . 13.21.
15 3. 629

III. Visual C++

440

IMicrosoft Development fnv


gave changes to the following items?

No

Yes

Cancel

Help

. 13.20.
Microsoft Development Environment

ISaveFileAs
Save in:

History

j _J Visual Studio Projects


U Brush
I Console
_1|DDB
li Dialog

C-J ' Tools'

DSheet
_J Text
QlTool
Cj VSMacros

ZJDIB

My Projects

Desktop

Favorites

JjEditApp
JjHelp
JjLme
_llList
JjMDI
JMuIti
JjPimt
_LjProgress
* 1 RichApp

File name:
Save as type:TextFtes

Save

. 13.21. Save File As

23. /Help, /hip,


Save as type ( ) All Files ( ), File name ( ) NewHelp.hm Save ().

13.

441

24. Solution Explorer ( ),


Source Files ( )
Help.hpj. .
25.

# include <NewHelp. hm>


.
ID_NEW_HELP cwinApp: :WinHelp HID_NEW_HELP.

, :
.
HelpAppView.h NewHelp.hm.
-
HelpApp.hm NewHelp.hm . NewHelp.hm
, HelpApp.hpj.
,
, .


, ,
. , , , .
Help ,
:
1. Help Resource View ( ).
2. Help.rc, Menu ().
3. iDRHeipTYPE.
.
4. " ",
,
"&"
<Enter>.
5. ,
.

442

III. Visual C++

6. "
", .
7. "&"
<Enter>.
8.
Properties ().
9. Properties () ID ( )
ID_DEMO_DIALOG <Enter>.
10. Prompt () " \".
11. Class View ( )
Dialog () Insert Dialog ( ).
12. .
13. .
14. Properties () ID ( ) IDDDEMO, Caption () " ".
15. Context help ( ), , ID ( ), True ().
16. Toolbox () Button
() Cancel
().
17. Properties ()
ID ( ) IDCCONTEXT, Caption () "&".
18. Cancel () Caption () Properties () "&".
19.
Add Class ( ).
Add Class - Help ( ), . 13.22.
20. Templates () MFC Class ( MFC)
Open (). MFC Class
Wizard - Help ( MFC), . 13.23.
21. Class name ( ) CDemoDig, Base class ( )
coiaiog,
Dialog ID
( ) IDD_DEMO
Finish (). MFC Class Wizard - Help (
MFC) .

13.

443

I Add Class - Help


Templates:
Add ATL ATL Active ATL Control
Support... Server Pa..,
ffmm

ATL Dialog

ATL MMC
Snapln

ATL MS
Transacti...

ATL OLEDB ATL OLEDB


ATL
Consumer
Provider Performanc.
I Add ATL support to an MFC project.
Open

Help

Cancel

. 13.22. Add Class - Help


|MFC Class Wizard - Help

">

.^, , v :0

iii

Welcome to the MFC Class Wizard


This wizard adds a class that inherits from MFC to your project. 0D
o
tins may change
depending on the base class selected.
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ " Class name:

secalss:

CWnd

^^^^^^^^^^|.Hhe
j:
^^^^^^^^^^^^|.CPPelfi:

A
J

^^^^^^H

D
.HTMLresourceID:
1
H
.TMfile:
1
Automato
in:
None

Automation
Creatable by type ID
'

^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ~ Active accessibility

Finish

.,

,,.<....>,

Cancel

. 13.23. MFC Class Wizard - Help

Help

444

III. Visual C++

22. Class View ( ), Help


() CHelpView.
23. Properties () Events ().
, .
24. ID_DEMO_DIALOG,
COMMAND
.
HelpView.cpp .
25. OnDemoDialog 13.3.
I 13.3. CHelpView: :OnDemoDialog
i

j
i

//
void CHelpView::OnDemoDialog(void)
{
CDemoDlg dig(this);
dig.DoModal();

26. #include "Heipview.h"


iinclude "DemoDlg.h"
27. DemoDlg.h
CDemoDlg .
afx_msg

BOOL OnHelpInfo(HELPINFO*);

afx_msg

v o i d OnContextMenu(CWnd*, C P o i n t ) ;

DECLARE_MESSAGE_MAP()

28. #pragma once :


#define HIDD_CONTEXT
2
idefine HIDD_CONTEXT_OK
3
#define HIDD_CONTEXT_CANCEL

29. DemoDlg.cpp CDemoDlg .


BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CDemoDlg, CDialog)
ON_WM_HELPINFO ()
ON_WM_CONTEXTMENU()
END_MESSAGE_MAP()
30. :
s t a t i c DWORD aHelpIDs[] =

13.

445

IDC_CONTEXT, HIDD_CONTEXT,
IDOK, HIDD_CONTEXT_OK,
IDCANCEL, HIDD_CONTEXT_CANCEL,
0, 0
};

31. // CDemoDlg message handlers 13.4.


j 13.4. CDemoDlg: :OnHelpInfo

// CDemoDlg
//
BOOL CDemoDlg::OnHelpInf(HELPINFO* lpHelpInfo)
{

if(lpHelpInfo->iContextType == HELPINFO_WINDOW)
: :WinHelp ({HWND) lpHelpInfo->hItemHandle,
AfxGetApp()->m_pszHelpFilePath,

HELP_WM_HELP,

(DWORD)

aHelpIDs);

r e t u r n TRUE;

void CDemoDlg::OnContextMenu(CWnd* pWnd, CPoint /*point*/)


{
::WinHelp((HWND) *pWnd, AfxGetApp()->m_pszHelpFilePath,
HELP__CONTEXTMENU, (DWORD) aHelpIDs);

32. NewHelp.hm
HIDD_CONTEXT
0x02
HIDD_CONTEXT_OK
0x03
HIDD_CONTEXT_CANCEL 0x04

.
DemoDlg.cpp aHelpIDs,
.
.
NewHelp.hm.
, HelpApp.hm.
Properties () HelpID ( ) (

446

III. Visual C++

True (),
,
,
.
WinHelp. cwnd: :OnHelpinfo
<F1>.
, ,
, , ,
winHeip. WinHelp
, cwinApp: : winHeip .
cwnd: :OnContextMenu
. - , winHeip>


Visual C++
, rtf,
.



:
1. Microsoft Word,
Start () .
2. | (File | Open) .
3.
RTF, , . 13.24,
.
4. | (View | Footnotes).
, . 13.25.
5. | (Tools | Options),
.

13.

447

Qafxcore
Qafxprn
it

hip

...

, :
: I

/:

_] : |

: :

[ : 2,
. 13.24.
W Microsoft Word - afxiore.rtf
'Q " >
, D * , ' <?4 <(?

I 13

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IT

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. 13.44. HTML Help Workshop.

13.

493

,
. .
18. Change project options ( )
, Project ().
Options (), . 13.45.

General ] Files ) Compe


lir | Merge Files |
Title:
f
~
Default file: |htmS
l afxc0wc8.htm
Default wn
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Language:
: [Russian
i Font::

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. 13.45. Options
19. Compiler (), . 13.46, Compile full-text search information (
) . Options () .
20. Contents ().
Table of Contents Not Specified ( ),
. 13.47 .
21. .
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494

III. Visual C++

21*1
General | Files Compe
lir j Merge Files |
r While compilng, display
! P

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Compatibilty: 11.1 or later 3


~ Qon'l include folders in compiled file
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" Compile full-text search information
17 Create a binary Index
T~ Create a binary IOC (check this for a very large TOC)

OK

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. 13.46. Options, Compiler


I Table of Contents Not 5
You have not yet associated a table of contents (.hhc) fJe
with this project. You can either create a new contents file,
or specify an existing file.
f* { a new contents file
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OK

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. 13.47.
Table of Contents Not Specified

22. HTML Save (). , . Yes


(). Contents (),
. 13.49.
23. Insert a page ( ) ,
( ).
Table of Contents Entry ( ), . 13.50.

13.

495

zl * IS *

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zi

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li name
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l of Contents Files (".hhc)
. 13.48. Save As
|/?HTML Help Workshop - {help2sa7]
E2 Ete Edit lags w Tjst Tools dow tje|P

Project Contents 1 indeK |


'
f-j
a
.:

tiff1 x l

< HTML PUBLIC "-/AV3C//DTD HTML 3 2 Final//EN">


<HTML>
<HEAD>
<META HTTP-EQUIV>"Content-Type" Content="texVhtml.
charset-Windows-1251 ">
<-> cnpaBKa</TITLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY BGCOLOR-"#FFFFFF" TEXT-"#000000">
<PxANAME-"hidd demo"x/AxBxfont)ace-"HelvCyr">
cnpaBKa</FONTx/Bx/P>
<(1(-"/>

K H . < / F O N T X / P >

</BODY>
</HTML>

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. 13.49. Contents

.
.
'
.
.

^
.'

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'
.

. . :;

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III. Visual C++

496

.- :
Table of Contents Entry -v.:-- :
General j Advanced |
Available information types:
Entry title:
1
Add...

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j?J x 1

Remove |

ilesAJRLs and their information types:

Alternate URL:
Add/Edit... |
OK 1 Cancel
. 13.50. Table of Contents Entry

HTML
,
, .
24. Entry title ( ) "<<Your App>> " Add | Edit
( | ). Path or URL (
URL), . 13.51.
25. HTML titles ( HTML) ( , )
. Files/URLs and their information types
(/URL ) Table of Contents Entry (
) HTML.
26. . .
27. Contents ()
Insert a heading ( ). .
, ,
.
28. No (). Table of Contents Entry ( ).

13.

497

Project file:
fidd...
HTML titles:
(Untitledj
(Untitled)
(Untitledj
(Untitled)
(Untitled)

file or URL:
Browse...

OK

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. 13.51. Path or URL


29. Entry title ( ) ""
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.
30. .. 2124 "
" ( HTML).
31. .. 2124 "
" ( HTML).
32. .. 2124 "
" ( HTML).
33. .. 2124 " " ( HTML).
34. .. 2124 " " ( HTML).
35. .. 2124 "
" ( HTML).
36. .. 2124 "
" ( HTML).
37. Contents ()
Move selection left ( ).

III. Visual C++

498

. .
38. .. 2124 "
" ( HTML).
HTML Help Workshop
, . 13.52.

File

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Proe
j ct Contents J Index j
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<IDOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC '-//W3C//DTD H T M L 3.2 Final//EN">


<HTML>
<HEAD>
<META HTTP-EQUIV="Content-Type" Content "text/html;
charsetWindows-12S1">

<-> cnpaBKa<^ITLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF" TEXT-"#000000">
<PxA NAME="hidd_demo"x/AxBxfont face-"Hs|v Cyr">
cnpaBKa</FONTx/Bx/P>
<Pxfontface-"Helv ">

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</BODY>
</HTML>

E:\Documents and Settin9s\M*\MyDoai^\Vi5ual5tutfraProiects\HTML\Np\HTML.hhp

. 13.52.

39. HTML Help Workshop,


.
HTML
. :
1. Visual Studio.NET.
2. Class View ( ) CHTMLView
onNewHeip. HelpView.cpp
OnNewHeip.

13.

499

3. onNewHelp 13.5.

;
\

j 13.5.
I/ CHTMLView
//
void CHTMLView::OnNewHelp(void)
{
HWND hWnd = AfxGetApp()->m_pMainWnd->GetSafeHwnd();
::HtralHelp(hWnd,
"E:\\Documents and Settings\\Nick\\My DocumentsWVisual Studio P r o j ects\\HTML\\hlp\\HTML.chm::/html\\help7f5c.htm",
HH_DISPLAY_TOPIC, NULL);
}

4. onDemoDialog 13.6.
13.6.

.-. .

//
void CHelpView::OnDemoDialog(void)
{
CDemoDlg dig(this);
dig.DoModal();

5. #include

"HTMLView.h"

#include "DemoDlg.h"
6. DemoDlg.h
# d e f i n e HIDD_CONTEXT
# d e f i n e HIDD_CONTEXT_OK

2
3

# d e f i n e HIDD_CONTEXT_CANCEL

7. DemoDlg.cpp
#include "Help.h"
#include "HTML.h"
8.
13.7.

500

III.

Visual C++

1 13.7.
II CDemoDlg
//
BOOL CDemoDlg::OnHelpInf(HELPINFO* lpHelpInfo)
{
if(lpHelpInfo->iContextType == HELPINFO_WINDOW)
{
return ::HtmlHelp((HWND)lpHelpInfo->hItemHandle,
"E:\\Documents and Settings\\Nick\\My DocumentsWVisual Studio Proj
ects\\HTML\\hlp\\HTML.chm::/ContextHelp.txt",
HH_TP_HELP_WM_HELP, (DWORD)(LPVOID)aHelpIDs) != NOLL;

return TRUE;

void CDemoDlg::OnContextMenu(CWnd* pWnd, CPoint /*point*/)


'{
::HtmlHelp(pWnd->GetSafeHwnd() ,
"E:WDocuments and Settings\\Nick\\My DocumentsWVisual Studio Project s\XHTML\\hlp\XHTML.chm::/ContextHelp.txt",
HH TP_HELP_CONTEXTMENU, (DWORD)(LPVOID)aHelpIDs);

9. File | New | File ( | | ) <Ctrl>+<N>, New File


( ), . 13.53.
10. Templates () Text File (
) Open (). .
11.

.topic 1
,

.topic 2

.topic 3

13.

Categories:

501

flii

Templates:
Text Rle

HTML Page

Frameset

Style Sheet

XML File

XML Schema

jAiih
XSLT Rle

L&2I fish
Bitmap Rle

Icon File

A blank text file.


Open

'|

Cancel

Help

. 13.53. New File


12. File | Save TextFilel As ( |
TextFilel ) , Save File
As ( ), ContextHelp.txt hip .
13. Solution Explorer ( ) HTML Help
Files ( HTML)
HTML.hhp. .
14. , '13.8.
| 13.8. HTML.hhp
ContextHelp.txt
[ALIAS]
HIDR_MAINFRAME = html\afxc0wc8.htm
HIDR_HTML_newTYPE = html\afxc31id.htm
main index
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
= html\afxc4 65u.htm
afx_hidd_color
= html\afxc31ym.htm
afx_hidd_fileopen
= html\afxc48hl.htm
afx_hidd_filesave
= html\afxc2nac.htm
afx_hidd_find
= html\afxc369g.htm
afx hidd font

502

III. Visual C++


= html\afxcl4vb.htm

a fx_hi dd_newtypedlg
afx_hidd_replace

- html\afxc8asl.htm

AFX_HIDP_DEFAULT

= html\afxc9b3o.htm

afx_hidw_dockbar_top
afx_hidw_status_bar
afx_hidw_toolbar
hid_app_about
hid_app_exit
hid_cont ext_help
hid_edit_clear

= html\afxc78sO.htm
= html\afxc72ya.htm
= html\afxc9jci.htm
= html\afxc9vpO.htm
= html\afxc7d4k.htm
= html\afxc9ysw.htm
= html\afxc214i.htm

hid_edit_clear_all

= html\afxc2fsc.htm

hid_edit_copy

= html\afxc7yt5.htm .

hid_edit_cut
hid_edit_find
hid_edit_j?aste

= html\afxc3ewk.htm
= html\afxc4ajo.htm
= html\afxc67ad.htm

hid_edit_redo

= html\afxclcof.htm

hid_edit_repeat

= html\afxc561w.htm

hid_edit_replace
hid_edit_undo
hid_file_close
hid_file_mru_filel
hid_file_new

= html\afxcl21x.htm
= html\afxc8zxr.htm
= html\afxc45r9.htm
= html\afxc590x.htm
= html\afxc72d3.htm

hid__file_open

= html\afxc8rhq.htm

hid_file_save

= html\afxc9yO5.htm

hid_file_save_as
hid__file_send_mail

= html\afxc30hf.htm
= html\afxcOqss.htm

hid_help_index

= html\afxc85dk.htm

hid_help_using

= html\afxcltk7.htm

hid_ht_caption

= htral\afxc4r72.htm

h i d_ht_nowhe re

= html\afxc5zol.htm

hid_next_pane
hid_prev_pane
hid_sc_close

= html\afxcO17p.htm
= html\afxc48o5.htm
= htral\afxc0085.htm

hid_sc_maximi ze

= html\afxc6ztx.htm

hid_sc_minimize

= html\afxclvqd.htm

hid_sc_move

htmlXafxc57j9.htm

hid_sc_nextwindow

= html\afxc33uf.htm

hid_sc_prevwindow

= html\afxc6t2v.htm

hid_sc_restore
hid sc size

= html\afxc5tr9.htm
= html\afxc8 eed.htm

13.
hid_sc_tasklist
= htral\afxclsj8.htm
hid_view_ruler
= html\afxc71o2.htm
hid_view_status_bar
= html\afxc6tv6.htm
hid_view_toolbar
= html\afxc8ble.htm
hid_window_all
= html\afxc9szO.htm
hid_window_arrange
= html\afxc4mn9.htm
hid_window_cascade
= html\afxc9u5h.htm
hid_window_new
= html\afxcOxpz.htm
hid_window_split
= html\afxc5phO.htm
hid_window_tile
= html\afxc3zz9.htm
hid_window_tile_horz
= html\afxc3at6.htm
hid_window_tile_vert
= html\afxcl304.htm
hidr_docltype
= html\afxc31id.htm
menu_edit
= html\afxc4 9xO.htm
menu_file
= html\afxcOc41.htm
menu_help
= html\afxcl81c.htm
menu_view
= html\afxcO853.htm
menu_window
= html\afxc9ctz.htm
scrollbars
= html\afxclg4z.htm
afx_hidd_print
= html\afxp5hf8.htm
afx_hidd_printdlg
= html\afxp86av.htm
afx_hidd_printsetup
= html\afxpOvjk.htm
afx_hidw_preview_bar
= html\afxp3i9e.htm
hid_file_page_setup
= html\afxp42b4.htm
hid_file_print
= html\afxp225w.htm
hid_file_print_preview
= html\afxp7q2f.htm
hid file_print_setup
= html\afxpO434.htm
HIDD_ABOUTBOX
= html\afxc9vpO.htm
HID_HT_SIZE
= html\afxc8eed.htm
HID_HT_HSCROLL
= html\afxclg4z.htm
HID_HT_VSCROLL
= html\afxclg4z.htm
HID_HT_MINBUTTON
= html\afxclvqd.htm
HID_HT_MAXBUTTON
= html\afxc6ztx.htm
AFX__HIDP_INVALID_FILENAME
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP__FAILED_TO_OPEN_DOC
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_TO_SAVE_DOC
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_ASK_TO_SAVE
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_TO_CREATE_DOC = html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FILE_TOO_LARGE
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_TO_START_PRINT = html\afxc0wc8.htm
17 . 629

503

504

III. Visual C++

AFX_HIDP_FAILED_TO_LAUNCH_HELP = html\afxcOwc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_INTERNAL_FAILURE
- html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_COMMAND_FAILURE
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_PARSE_INT
= html\afxcOwc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_PARSE_REAL
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_PARSE_INT_RANGE
= html\afxcOwc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_PARSE_REAL_RANGE
= html\afxcOwc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_PARSE_STRING_SIZE
= html\afxcOwc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_INVALT.D_ FORMAT = html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_INVALID_PATH = html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_DJ.SK_FULL
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_ACCESS_READ
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_ACCESS_WRITE = html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX__HIDP_FAILED_IO_ERROR_READ = html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_IO_ERROR_WRITE = html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_STATIC_OBJECT
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_TO_CONNECT
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_SERVER_BUSY
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_BAD_VERB

= html\afxc0wc8.htm

AFX_HIDP__FAILED_MEMORY_ALLOC = html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_TO_NOTIFY
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_TO_LAUNCH
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_ASK_TOJJPDATE
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_TO_UPDATE
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
n
AFX_HIDP_E AILED_TO_REGISTER
= html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDP_FAILED_TO_AUTO_REGISTER - html\afxc0wc8.htm
AFX_HIDW_DOCKBAR_BOTTOM
= html\afxc78sO.htm
AFX_HIDW_DOCKBAR_LEFT
= html\afxc78sO.htm
AFX_HIDW_DOCKBAR_RIGHT
= html\afxc78sO.htm
[MAP]
#include HTMLDefines.h
[INFOTYPES]


HTML , . , afxcore.htm afxprint.htm, ,
HTML Help Workshop.

13.

505

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13.

509

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I j r e s
|

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hlMainFrm.h
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2. \hlp, \html.
3. Files of type ( ) Native Web Files ( Web). HTML.
4. Open ().
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Edit | Find and Replace | Find in Files ( | |
).
(, ) afxcore.htm
afxprint.htm .
, HTML.
Help, ,
, .

winHelp, HTML HtmiHelp. .

510

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User Interface Features ( )
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Specify User Interface Features
Specify options that control the look and feel of your application.

Overview
Application Type
Compound Document Support
Document Template Strings
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Generated Classes

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512

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Version 1.0

; '

;|

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. 13.61. About
HelpApp
, . J 3.62.

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. 13.62.
, , , , , , ,
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14


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514

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IMPLEMENT DYNAMIC (":;
CDemoDlg::CDernoDlg(d

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J DemoDlg.cpp
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, . Condition () Hit Count
( ).
Condition () Breakpoint Condition ( ), . 14.4.
, , .
is true ()
, .
has changed ()

14.

517

, . Condition ()
,
.

breakpoint

Condition

'^^

When the breakpoint location is reached, the expression is evaluated and the
breakpoint is hit only if the expression is either true or has changed,
pf? Condition

~"

"" ~ -

""

j!
I (* is true
j f has changed

i
OK

Cancel

Help

. 14.4. Breakpoint Condition



, .
,
, .
Hit Count ( ),
Breakpoint Hit Count (
), . 14.5.

I Breakpoint Hit Count


A breakpoint is hit when the breakpoint location is reached and the condition is
satisified, The hit count is the number of times the breakpoint has been hit.
When the breakpoint is hit:
Jbreak always

Reset Hit Count

jj

!|

Current hit count:

OK

Cancel

He|p

. 14.5. Breakpoint Hit Count

III. Visual C++

518

When the breakpoint is hit (


) .
:
break always ( );
break when the hit count is equal to ;
0 break when the hit count is multiple of , ;
break when the hit count is greater then or equal to
.
Reset hit
count ( ) .
ill

iNew Breakpoint

Function J File | Address Data |


Evaluate the variable while the program is running, and break execution when
the value of the variable changes.
Variable:
Context:

Language:

C++

Condition... 1 C condition)
Hit Count... break always

OK

Cancel

Help

. 14.6. New Breakpoint


, Breakpoints ( ), .
, , . , New () Breakpoints
( ). New Breakpoint ( -

14.

519

). Breakpoint Properties
( ) ,
, , , .
Data (). New Breakpoint
( ) , . 14.6.
, , Variable
(), Items () , . Items () , Variable () .
, , , , , .
. 14.7.

The following breatpomt was hit:


When 'SorneVariable' changes in program '[888] Help.exe: Native
OK
. 14.7.
Microsoft Development Environment
Breakpoints ( ) .
,
.



, ,
, -
.
, .
Visual C++
. 14.8. ( ) , ,

III. Visual C++

520

. . Autos (), Locals ()


Watch (). , Autos () Visual C++
, Locals () , Watch () .

Hep
l - Microsoft Visual C++ foreak] - Hep
l Ve
l wxpp
File Edti Veiw Proe
j ct Bud
li Debug Idols wnidow Hep
l
Program [1248JHep
l .exe: Natvie - Thread [1252] Wni32 Thread
_] & S 4 4i 33
3 Debug
h Hep
l Ve
i w cpp L r -, I- L

^JCHelpView

j j

' a l rHelpView

OnNewHelp (vnid)

/ / TOt'O:

U i n H e l p ( HID NEW_HELP );

I OnDemoDialoq

Act.:', your cotra^:arid liauciier code h e t e

void CHelpView::OnDemoDialog(void)

Name
dig
this

CDemoPlg

IDC_EUTTONi

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C++ _
mfc70d.dl'_AfxDispatchCmdMsg(CCmdTarget pTarget-0x002r77fn + +
mfc70d.dI!CCmdTargeti:OnCmdMsg(unsignedint nID=131, mt nCode C++
mf{:70d.dH!CView::OnCmdMsg(unsigned int nID=131, int n C o d e ^ v( C++
mfc70d dUCFrameWnd'-OnCmdMsgtuhsigned int =131, int nCode C++ T

7] Command..
118 Col 1

'P"
Ch 1

21 T ( L

. 14.8. Visual C++


, Autos () , . ,
.
, . ,
.
Watch ()
.
Name () Watch (), ,

14.

521

, , , Watch ().
,
.
Watch ()
, . . , . ,
r e s u l t HRESULT:
result, hr

S O K ,
Windows OXOOOF WM_PAINT.
:
d, i ;
;
;
, ;
1, h long s h o r t d, i, , , , XJ

[ ;
;
g
, ;
;
s ;
su Unicode;
st ANSI Unicode Unicode
s t r i n g s autoexp.dat;
hr HRESULT Win32;
we Windows;
wm Windows.
. . ,
.
.
Watch () Debug | QquickWatch ( |
), <Shift>+<Alt>+<Q>

III. Visual C++

522

QuickWatch ( ), Debug ().


QuickWatch ( ), . 14.9.
Add Watch ( ) Watch ().

QuickWatch

Expression:

Recalculate

Add Wai
Close
Help

Current value:
Name
E] dig

Value
{CDemoDIg hWnd=uxOOOOOOOO}

: Type
_J
CDemoDb

- CDialog
{CDialog hWnd=Ox0OOOO0OO>
const CDi
dassCDemot {"CDernoDIg"}
const CRi
>
- _rnessageEnl 0x00424598 struct AFX_MSGMAP_EfJTR const AF>
H33 messageMap {...}
const AF>

. 14.9. QuickWatch
, . 14.8, Call Stack
( ), ,
.
, . , , , .

.
.

,
. ,
, . Call Stack ( ), ,
.

14.

523


, .
, Autos (), ,
, .
, , .
, " . .
Data Tip (), .
,

Data Tip ().
.
, .
Registers () . .

. , , . , Watch () Memory
() .
E I P ( ).
, ,
( ).
Memory ()
. , .
,
.
,
, , .
,
, 32- 64 .
ASCII Unicode.

524

III. Visual C++

Disassembly () .
, , . , ,
C/C++.
Call Stack ( ) , , . ,
.
, Call Stack ( )
, .




, ,
.
:
1. Solution Explorer ( ) Class View
( )
Properties () ( Vview |
Property Pages ( | )
<Shift>+<F4>). Help Property Pages (
), . 14.10.
2.

Configuration ()
Debug () ( ).

3. C/C++ General ( ) ( ).
4. Warning level (
). .
5. Level 4.
Property Pages ( ) , . 14.11.
6. .
) .

Help

Property

Pages

14.

525

11111111!&
1 Help Property Pages
, 3
f

<l o n f i g u r a t i o n ;

/jj

xj

jActivei.Debug)

Configuration Properties

J ^ j Platform:

Debug
_J

C/C++

_|

Linker

_ j

Resources

_j
!

MIDL
| Browse Information

_ J

Build E v e n t s

_J

C u s t o m Build S t e p

SDL

Import

_^j

|Active(Wm32^

Configuration Manager

'
!
Intermediate Directory
Debug
i
Extensions to Delete on Clean *.obj;*.ilk;*,pdb;*.tlb;*.tli;'".tlh;t(TargetName) :
Output Dnectory
Debug

Whole Program Optimization


Build Browser Information
Configuration Type
Use of ATL
Minimize CRT Use in ATL
Use of MFC
Use Managed Extensions
Character Set

\
:

No
No
Application (.exe)
Not Using ATL
No
Use MFC in a Shared DLL
No
Use Multi-Byte Character Set

i
;
\
;
,

Whole Program Optimization


Specifies that the program will be optimized across .obj boundaries; works best if
C/C++ optimizations are turned on.

OK

Cancel

Help

. 14.10. Help Property Pages


I Help Property Panes
Configuration: (Active(Debug)
General
Debugging
C/C++
v General
Optimization
Preprocessor
Code Generatio
Language
Precompiled He;
Output Files
Browse Informs
Advanced
Command Line
_J Linker
_J Resources
_JMIDL
1 Browse Information

ZJ Platform: JActive(Win32)

Configuration Manager..

Additional Include Directories


Resolve #using References
Debug Information Format
Compile As Managed
Suppress Startup Banner

Program Database for Edit & Continue (


Not using managed extensions
Yes (/nologo)
| Level 4 (/W4)
Detect 64-bit Portability Issues No
No
Treat Warnings As Errors

Warning Level
Select how strict you want the compiler to be about checking for potentialy
suspect constructs. (/WO - /W4)
Cancel

Apply

Help

. 14.11. Help Property Pages, C/C++

i
:
j

526

III. Visual C++



, .

, . , .
.
, ,
. ,
, . , " ". Visual C++ : Debug
() Release ()
, .

:
;
#def ine _DEBUG;
/
MFC;
.
Visual C++ _DEBUG .

ASSERTw TRACE
ASSERT () , . , lpObject. ,
, . ASSERT, :
ASSERT(lpObject)
, , ASSERT, FALSE,
,

14.

527

. 14.12. , , . Retry () . ASSERT.

Microsoft Visual C++ Debug Lite


Debug Assertion Failed!
Program: .. .\Nick\My Documerits\Visual Studio Projects\Help\debug\Help.exe
File: e:\documents and settings\nick\my documents\visual studio projects\help\helpview.cpp
Line: 9S
For information on how your program can cause an assertion
failure, see the Visual C++ documentation on asserts.
(Press Retry to debug the application)
?0.^

il

Retry

Ignore

. 14.12.
TRACE .
, . , ,
, , , . , ,
, , , .
,
,
,
, , .
TRACE. - TRACE , TRACE, TRACEO, TRACEI, TRACE2 TRACE3. -


.
,
. TRACE
p r i n t f . TRACE
afxDump.

TRACE
. TRACEO, TRACEI, TRACE2 TRACE3

528

III. Visual C++

. TRACE0 CMainFrame: :OnCreate.


if (!m_wndStatusBar.Create(this)

!ra_wndStatusBar.Setlndicators(indicators,
sizeof(indicators)/sizeof(UINT)))
{

TRACEO("Failed to create status bar\n");


return - 1 ;

//


:
TRACE2(" %d %s\n", nError, szFileName);
, DEBUG , ASSERT TRACE .
,

.


,
,
.
c o b j e c t : :AssertValid cobject: :Dump,
MFC cobject.
AssertValid
. .
Dump CDumpContext.
:
virtual void AssertValid() const;
virtual void Dump(CDumpContext& dc) const;
v i r t u a l , , const ,
.
, AssertValid Dump . , .
#ifdef _DEBUG
virtual void AssertValid() const;

14.

529

virtual void Dump(CDumpContext& dc) const;


#endif
. , cobject,
, . , ,
MFC Application Wizard. ,
CMainFrame.
II CMainFrame diagnostics
#ifdef J3EBUG
void CMainFrame::AssertValid()

const

CMDIFrameWnd::AssertValid();

void CMainFrame::Dump(CDumpContext& dc) const


{
CMDIFrameWnd::Dump(dc);
}
#endif //__DEBUG
,
.


, . .
AfxCheckError. ,
SCODE, OLE
MFC .
AfxCheckMemory. , Output ().
.
, .
AfxEnabieMemoryTracking. MFC.
, .

530

III. Visual C++

AfxisMemoryBiock.
,
new.
AfxisVaiidAddress.
. , .
A f x i s v a i i d s t r i n g . , . ,
, - 1 , ,
.
AfxSetAllocHook. ,
. AFX_ALLOC_HOOK.



, ,
, ,
.
: , .
Visual C + + 6.0 AfxDumpStack, , . ,
. :
void AFXAPI AfxDumpStack(DWORD dwTarget = AFX_STACK_DUMP_TARGET_DEFAULT);
dwTarget ,
.
AFX_STACK__DUMP_TARGET__DEFAULT. .
,
.
TRACE, .
AFX_STACK_DUMP_TARGET_TRACE.

, TRACE. ,
, TRACE .
AFX_STACK_DUMP_TARGET_CLIPBOARD. ,
. CF TEXT.

14.

531

AFX_STACK_DUMP_TARGET_BOTH.
TRACE.

AFX_STACK_DUMP_TARGET_ODS. ODS
Win32 outputoebugstring. , , , "" .
, ,
:
;
, ;
;
.
, , Call Stack ( ), ,
. , , imagehlp.dll. .



.
, .


( ),
.
.



, : -
, . ,
,
.

532

III. Visual C++

,
:
new
d e l e t e ;
new [ ]
d e l e t e . (
d e l e t e []);

, ,
, ;
,
.
, . ,
, , , .
, , , .
class SomeClass
{
public:
int* p;
SomeClass()

{ p = new i n t [ 1 0 ] ; } ;

};

SomeClass SomeFunction()
{

SomeClass

A;

SomeClass

B;

= A;
return

B;

void

OtherFunction()

{
SomeClass

A = SomeFunction();

OtherFunction SomeFunction.
SomeClass,
.
,

14.

533

.
,
. .
r e t u r n ,
.
O t h e r F u n c t i o n .

, ,
, someFunction ,
,
OtherFunction .
someciass :
class SomeClass
{
public:
int* p;
SomeClass()
{p = new int [10];};
SomeClass(SomeClassS);
-SomeClass()
{if(p) delete p;};
void operator =(SomeClass&) ;

SomeClass:: SomeClass(SomeClasss Input)


{
p = new int[10];

for(int i=0; i < 10;


p[i] = Input.p[i] ;

void SomeClass:: operator =(SomeClassS Input)


{
if(this == sInput) return;
delete p;
p = Input.p;
Input.p = NULL;

534

III. Visual C++

d e l e t e , d e i e t e [ ] .
, ,
d e l e t e [], . " ".
, , .

, , , ,
. ,
, .
, .

, .
,
. . .
. , ,
.
, ,
.
, , , .
.
:
(
new),
;
,
, , ,

14.

535

, , ;
, , , ,
, ;
, ;
, new;
, .


new delete
, , ( ,
). , MFC.
new
d e l e t e ,
,
.
delete new , ,
Output () , . 14.13.
,
: .
.
C++ _CRTDBG_MAP_ALLOC
.
(debug heap).
. ,
, . "" "", OxFD. ,
, , . OXCD, OXDD.
18 . 629

III. Visual C++

536


:
, , , ,
, .
Visual C++ , . ,
, _CrtDumpMemoryLeaks.
, MFC,
, . 14.14.
. HTML - Microsoft Visual C++ [design] - HtHt-fiBOl
File Edti Ve
iw Project guild Ce
ioug Toosl fn
i dovi Hep
l
<& * I -' ' -' <P Debug

public:
int*
p;
SorneCIass ()

{ p = new i n t [ 1 0 ] ; > ;

SomeClass SonneFunction ()
SoirreClass
A;
SomeClass
B;
= A;
ret-urn B; '
v o i d OcherFunction()
SorneCIass

Look for:
| memory leaks, detectn
ig
3 Filtered by
|AI Vs
i ual C++In MSDN
memory e
l aks
caused by excepto
in
detectn
ig
g
j lroecgautina
l r DLLs
when excepto
i n object si not dee
l ted
memory management
CStrn
i gT
extenso
i n DLLs
memory management [RPC]
alocating and dealocatn
ig
<

A = SomeFunct ion () ;

(Debug
Dumping objects ->
e:\docijments and settings\nick\my documents\visual studio projects\html\html,cpp(52): {62}- normal block at Oxi"
Data: <
> CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD
e:\docurnents and setting;\nick\my doruments\visual studio projects\html\html cpp(52) -{61} normal block at Qxr-1
Data: <
> CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CO CD CD
Object dump complete

Repa
lcement Tag (ATL Server)
Code and Text Edtior
Codn
ig Technq
i ues and Programmn
ig
Weclome to the Vs
i ual C++.NET BetaVs
i ual Studo
i Documentato
i n Start Pai
IpF'op. ft.' 9 Dynamci Hep
l|
Col 1 Ch 1
N
IS

. 14.13. Output


, CrtcheckMemory.
,
crtSetDbgFiag. , , DumpAHObjectsSince.

14.

537

Fte Edit View Project Build p_ebug Tools Wn


i dow Help
afxcore
'

HT L r ,.
PfCHTMUpp

tr f rfn
SorneClass [)

i
i
i
\
|

Name
H

-I -IL

'

HTML cpp

lUHelp
The if
e Statement fC-+-+)

{ = new i n t [ 10] ;} ;

Repalcement Tag (ATL Server)

SomeClass SoroeFunccion(J
SoweClass
SomeClass
= A;
return

A;
;

_J

J ^ Samples
Visual C++ Samples
Enterprise Samples

void OtherFunction()
SomeClass

Vatje

Code and Text Editor


Coding Techniques and Programming Practice
Defauciginq
Visual 5tuJip Documentation Start; Page

A * SorneFuncxion() ;

Type

this 0x00428528 class CHTMLAp


cmdli {CCommandUneln CCommar
pDoc Oxcccccccc KMuIti CMultiDoc
pMair Oxcccccccc {CMain CMainFra

_J f^"ug

zl

Detected memory leals'


Dumping obiects ->
e.\donjment5 and 5ettings\nick\my documents\vl5ual studio projects^ ;
Data: <
> CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD Cl i
e:\documents and settings\nick\my documents\visual studio projects^ ]
Data: <
> CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD G [
' -155} dient block at ux002F4650, subtype cO, 64 bytes long.
_J|
! Object dump complete.

. 1 4 . 1 4 . Output

, CMemoryState Checkpoint Difference.


" " .

15

, ,
.
,
, .
, , , . (DLL), , , , , , ( ). ,
:
,
;

.

,

. :
.
Visual C++ : , MFC, , . Application Wizard.
,
MFC Visual C++,
.

15.

539



MFC ,
.
,
Win32 .
, ,
, . .
, .
. , ,
.



, ', .
_DHMainCRTStartup. Windows
C/C++, C++ ,
.
C / C + + _DllMainCRTStartup DllMain.

DllMain
. , Application Wizard:
BOOL APIENTRY DllMain( HANDLE hModule, DWORD ul_reason_for_call, LPVOID
lpReserved )
{
switch (ul_reason_for_call)
{
case DLL_PROCESS_ATTACH:
case DLL_THREAD_ATTACH:
case DLL_THREAD_DETACH:
case DLL_PROCESS__DETACH:
break;

540

III. Visual C++

r e t u r n TRUE;
)

, hModuie,
.
,
. hModuie
.
, ul_reason_for_call,
DiiMain. , DilMain ,
. ui_reason_for_call
DLL_PROCESS_ATTACH, DLL_PROCESS_DETACH. , DiiMain .
ui_reason_for__caii DLL_THREAD_ATTACH,
DLL_THREAD_DETACH.

, lpReserved,
.



, . , ,
: , , , . ' , . (exports table)
(name table). ,
. , .

, .
.
,
, ( ) . .
, (DEF).
, DLL.
, -

15.

541

Visual C++ Programmer Guide, . , ,


. :
declspec(dllexport) int Some_Func(int i);
, . :
declspec(dllimport)

int Some_Func(int i ) ;


. :
// DemoDLL.H
#pragma once
#if !defined(_DEMODLLJ
#define DEMODLL_LIB
declspec(dllimport)
#else
#define DEMODLL_LIB
declspec (dllimport),
#endif // !defined(_DEMODLL_)
DEMODLL__LIB int Some_Func (int i) ;
,
some_Func, _DEMODLL_. .
, , _DEMODLL_
include, ,
.
// DemoDLL.CPP
#define __DEMODLL_
#include "DemoDLL.h"
^

, , DEF, , . DEF ,
.

542

III. Visual C++


(LIB), . LIB
.


, : .
. ,
. ,
LIB
. ( ) LIB,
.
, Windows
, .
Windows .
1. .
2. .
3. Windows.
4. , PATH.
, . , :

;
,
.
JT^

^|

, dll,
, (/). .


Windows,
. , -

15.

543

.
, :
1. : : LoadLibrary, . ,
.
LoadLibrary
, .
.
2. : :GetProcAddress, , : : LoadLibrary,
.
.
: :GetProcAddress . : :GetLastError.
3. . 2 , .
4. : : FreeLibrary .

, ,
.

MFC , , , MFC. :
MFC, , MFC?
, MFC?

, Visual Basic PowerBuilder?
( ) MFC?

III. Visual C++

544


MFC
MFC (Regular MFC DLL)
, MFC
. , extern "". Visual Basic, Delphi
, .
MFC , MFC .
MFC.

MFC MFC DLL Wizard.
MFC DLL Wizard ( , )
Application Settings ( )
MFC DLL Wizard - MyDH (
MFC), . 15.1,
DLL type ( ) MFC.

MFC DLL Wizard - MyDU


Specify Application Settings
Specfiy the type and features of the DLL.
DLL type:
Regular DLL with MFC statically linked
MFC extension DLL
Additional features:
I Automation
afindows sockets

Finish

Cancel

Help

. 15.1. MFC DLL Wizard - My DM, Application Settings

15.

545

-, MFC DLL Wizard, DiiMain , .


, ,
, cwinApp
( ), .
cwinApp ,

, , cwinApp. , CWinApp::Initlnstance CWinApp::Exitlnstance.
DiiMain initlnstance Exitlnstance
.

C++, MFC.
. ,
MFC MFC, .
MFC
. , MFC,
AFX_MANAGE_STATE . :
extern "" int OnDlg(HWND hwParent)
{
AFX_MANAGE_STATE(AfxGetStaticModuleState());
CWnd *

lpParent = CWnd::FromHandle(hwParent);

CDialog myDlg(IDD_MY_DIALOG, pParent);


return

myDlg.DoModal();

MFC . OnDig
, , ,
.


MFC
MFC
, MFC, MFC (MFC extension DLL's)

546

III. Visual C++

, MFC. , , cperson, MFC


cobject.
. , MFC
MFC DLL Wizard. . ,
MFC DLL Wizard MFC ( ):
// Extension. : DLL.

#include "stdafx.h"
ftinclude <afxdllx.h>
#ifdef _DEBUG
#define new DEB0G_NEW
#undef THIS_FILE
static char THIS_FILE[] =

FILE ;

#endif
Static AFX_EXTENSION_MODULE ExtensionDLL = { NULL, NULL };
extern "C" int APIENTRY
DllMain(HINSTANCE hlnstance, DWORD dwReason, LPVOID lpReserved)
{
// , lpReserved
UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER(lpReserved);
if (dwReason == DLL_PROCESS_ATTACH)
{
TRACEO(" Extension.DLL!\n");

//
// MFC
if (!AfxInitExtensionModule(ExtensionDLL, hlnstance))
return 0;

15.

547

II DLL
// :
// MFC
//
// MFC (, ActiveX),
// MFC,
// DllMain
// ,
// MFC.
// ,
//
// MFC
//
//. MFC.
// CDynLinkLibrary
// ,
// .
new CDynLinkLibrary{ExtensionDLL);

else if (dwReason == DLL_PROCESS_DETACH)


{
TRACEOCExtension.DLL !\");
//
AfxTermExtensionModule(ExtensionDLL);
}
return 1;

//

, MFC, MFC , cwinApp. , , DllMain.

DllMain

DllMain

UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER. ; Visual C + + 7.0 .

548

III. Visual C++

, ,
( ). . AfxinitExtensionModuie :
AFX_EXTENSION_MODULE .
AFX_EXTENSION_MODULE , MFC.
AfxinitExtensionModuie FALSE, TO - , DllMain. AfxinitExtensionModuie
TRUE, , CDynLinkLibrary.
CRuntimeCiass .

CDynLinkLibrary.
, , .
AfxTermExtensionModule.

DllMain
,
AfxinitExtensionModuie,
AfxTermExtensionModule.


, MFC , MFC.
, C++
AFXEXTCLASS, :
class AFX_EXT_CLASS CPerson : public CObject
. . AFX_EXT_CLASS :
.
.
AFX_EXT__CLASS, ,
, :
class CPerson : public CObject

15.

549

public:
AFX_EXT_CLASS CPerson(LPCTSTR name, UINT id, double salary);
CPerson ();
CPerson(CPerson & aPerson);

, ,
. ,
CPerson ( ),
, .
CPerson , .


, .
. MFC
AfxGetResourceHandle,
. MFC ;
.
LoadResource FindResource.

AfxGetResourceHandle, , MFC .
:
.
MFC , MFC . , MFC
CDynLinkLibrary . , , , , ,
. , ,
, , . ,
. ,
.
:
//
HINSTANCE hlnstance = AfxGetResourceHandle();

550

III. Visual C++

II
//
AfxSetResourceHandle(::GetModuleHandle("MyLib.dll")};
CString szString;
szString.LoadString(IDS_SOME_RESOURCE);
//
AfxSetResourceHandle(::GetModuleHandle(hlnstance) ) ;

MFC , MFC, , MFC .

DEF
(def), ,
,
, .
. ,
,
.
, , .
.
, ,
.
,
(;) (")
,
, . (;)
(=), , , ,
.
NAME LIBRARY,
.

15.

551

SECTIONS EXPORTS .
,
, .
.
.

(;).
, ,
( SECTIONS EXPORTS).
.
, (").
:
DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION " t e x t " .
. rdata.
(') (") .
.
EXETYPE EXETYPE:dynamic i dev386.

(VxD).
EXETYPE
/EXETYPE, (dev386).
EXPORTS
EXPORTS
definitions
EXPORTS ,
, . . EXPORTS , , .
EXPORTS.
, , :
entryname[=internalname] [@ordinal [NONAME]] [PRIVATE] [DATA],

entryname . ;

internainame . ,

552

III. Visual C++


.
someFunc, other_Func, :
.

EXPORTS
Other_Func = Some_Func

@ordinai ,

. . lib , ,

NONAME , , .
GetProcAddress
, .
PRIVATE ; entryname
, .
, .
DATA , ,
, . , :
EXPORTS
i DATA
PRIVATE
DATA, PRIVATE
DATA.

. :

decispec(diiexport) ;

EXPORTS ;
/EXPORTS LINK.
. , .

15.

553

EXPORTS.
EXPORTS
DllCanUnloadNow @1 PRIVATE DATA
DllWindowName = Name
DATA
DllGetClassObject @4 NONAME PRIVATE
DllRegisterServer @7
DllUnregisterServer

d e c i s p e c ( d l i e x p o r t ) . ,

declspec(dllimport) .
LIBRARY LIBRARY [library] [BASE=address].
. , , .
l i b r a r y .
/.
BASE=address , .

0x10000000. /BASE.
NAME NAME [application] [BASE=address].
. /. /,
NAME, . NAME
.

SECTIONS

SECTIONS
definitions

SECTIONS , .
.
SECTIONS , , . SECTIONS.
SECTIONS SEGMENTS.

SECTIONS . ,
.

554

III. Visual C++

:
.section_name specifier ,

.section_name ;
s p e c i f i e r
:

EXECUTE

READ

SHARED

WRITE

. :
SECTIONS
.rdata READ WRITE
Visual C++ :
section [CLASS ' classname' ] specifier
CLASS , .

/SECTION.

STACKSIZE STACKSIZE reserve [, commit].


. /STACK. .
STUB STUB:filename. , (VxD),
STUB ,
IMAGE_DOS_HEADER ( winnt.h), VxD, a
, .
/STUB.
VERSION VERSION major [ .minor].

.
major minor
0 65 535. 0.0.
/VERSION.
VXD VXD filename. (VxD). VxD ,

15.

555

.
/VXD
/ .



, . ,
. MFC, .
, .
, .



Library , .

Visual C++:
1. File | New | Project ( | | ), <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<N> New Project
( ) Standard ().
New Project ( ), . 15.2.
2. Templates () MFC DLL ( MFC), Name () "Library" . MFC DLL
Wizard - Library (
MFC), . 15.3.
3. Finish (). MFC DLL Wizard (
MFC) .
4. Class View ( )
Library ().
5. Add | Add Class
( | ). Add Class - Library
( ), . 15.4.

III. Visual C++

556
INew Project

Project Types:
I Visual Basic Projects
_J Visual C# Projects
_j Visual C++ Projects
| Setup and Deployment Projects
_J Other Projects
_) Visual Studio Solutions

Templates:
Application Class Library Empty Project ]
Managed C++ MFC ActiveX
Web Service Control

MFC DLL
1 An application that uses the Microsoft Foundation Class Library.
Name:

J
MFC ISAPI Win32 Project *}

| <Enter name>

Location:

| E:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\My Documen [

<~ Add to Solution

Browse...

f Close Solution

Project will be created at E:\, ,.\Administrator\My Documents\Visual Studio Projects\<Enter name>.


TMore

OK

Help

Cancel

. 15.2. New Project

MFC DLL Wizard - Library


Welcome to the MFC DLL Wizard
This wizard generates an MFC Dynamic Link Library application project with the properties you
specify.
These are the current project settings;
Create a regular DU. (MFC shared)
Click Finish from any window to accept the current settings.
After you create the project, see the project's readme.txt for information about
the project features and files generated,

| ( Qnjsh jj

Cancel

. 15.3. MFC DLL Wizard - Library

Help

15.

557

Add Class-- Library.


Templates

Categories:

^t
^+
Ge
n
e
c
i
r
C
+
C
alss
fitFJCj
:

F
CTC
als
F
6
rM
m
yp
esb
Li
ci

MFC ODBC W
M
ntP
M
Ivie
nIs
tn-w
ce
Consumer P
rod
viIerEveW
rod
ra

ifi -~ Visual C++

' ATL Sm
i pe
l
Obe
j ct
M^
Fife
MFC Ca
lss
From Activ...

ATL Server
Web Service

'Addsan MFC class.

Cancel

Open

Help

. 1 5 . 4 . Add Class - Library

ili

Generic C++ Class Wizard - Library

Welcome to the Generic C++ Class Wizard


This wizard adds a C++ class that does not inherit from ATL or MFC to your project.
C|ass name:
Base class:

.hfe
li :
A
e
(pc
ucb
c
is
ls:

" Tj

file:

" Virtual destructor


Inline

Fn
isih Cancel

Help

. 1 5 . 5 . Generic C + + Class Wizard - Library

558

III. Visual C++

6. Templates () Generic C++ Class


( ) Open (). Generic C++ Class Wizard - Library (
), . 15.5.
7. Class name ( ) Median, Virtual destructor ( ) Finish (). .
8. Class View ( ) Library ()
Median.
Median.h.
9.

15.1.

i 15.1. Median.h
#pragma once
//
tifndef DEMO__LIB
#ifndef MY_LIBRARY
tdefine
DEMO_LIB
declspec(dllimport)
#else
tdefine
DEMO_LIB
declspec(dllexport)
#endif
#endif
//
template<class Type>
DEMO_LIB void Sort( Type*, int, int );
template<class Type>
void Sort( Type* Buffer, int n) { Sort( Buffer, 0, n-1 );};
//
template<class Type>
class
DEMOLIB Median
int
int
double
double
double
double*

ah;
m;
mcu;
mcl;
mv;
x;

15.

559

public :
Median ( int );
virtual -Median(void);
Type Get ( Type );

10. Median<Type>
. Median..
11. 15.2.
I 15.2. Median.
#include "StdAfx.h"
#ifndef MY_LIBRARY
#define _MY_LIBRARY
#endif
tinclude "median.h"
template
template
template
template

void Sort<int>( int*, int, int );


declspec(dllexport) void Sort<double>( double*, int, int
class
Median<int>;
class
declspec(dllexport) Median<double>;

// ( )
template<class Type>
void Sort( Type* Buffer, int lo, int hi )
{
int i = lo;
int j = hi;
Type x = Buffer! (lo+hi) 1 ];
while( i < j )
(
while! Buffer[i] > x- )
i++;
while( Buffer[j] < x )
j ;

560

III. Visual C++


if( i < j

{
Type = Buffer[i],
Buffer[i++] = Buffer[j];
Buffer[j] = y;
}
}
iff lo < hi - 1 )
{
if ( lo < j )
Sort( Buffer, lo, j ) ;
if ( i < hi )
Sort( Buffer, i, hi );

/III 11II II111111111II1111 /I l/ll/ /II III II Illllll/ll/


11
I/1111/1Illlll//nil/ll/llIII/III I/I/11/1///I/I IIIII111////////!/
teraplate<class Type>
Median<Type>:: Median ( int a )
{
ah = (a 1) + 1;
x

= new double[ah];

m = 0;
mcu = 0.0;
mcl = 0.0;
mv =0.0;
for(int i=0; i < ah;
x[i] = 0.0;

template<class Type>
Median<Type>:: ~Median ( void
{
delete x;

15. .
immmm

iii/1/nmm/i

in

in

mi/mi

in mi//mi

mi

561
mm

11
/ll/ll/ll/lII III III III/III/1 III II11 III 11/II1111 III III III11IIII III/111/
template<class Type>
Type Median<Type>:: Get ( Type is )
{
int
i;
double lv;
m
= (m + 1) % ah;
lv
= x [m] ;
x[m] = is;
if( is > mcu )
mcu = is;
if( is < mcl )
mcl = is;
if( lv >= mcu )
{
mcu = x [ 0 ] ;
fort i=l; i < ah; i++ )
{
if( x[i] > mcu )
mcu = x[i];

if( lv <= mcl )


{
mcl = x[0];
for( i=l; i < ah;
{
if( x[i] < mcl
mcl = x[i];

562

III. Visual C++

if( mv > mcu )


mv = mcu;
if( mv < mcl )
mv = mcl;
return (Type) mv;

12. Library.def,
.
13. 15.3.
| 15.3. Library.def

; Library.def : Declares the module parameters for the DLL.


LIBRARY
"Library"
EXPORTS
; Explicit exports can go here
?Sort@@YAXPAHHH@Z
?Get@?$Median@H@@QAEHH@Z
14. Build | Build Solution ( | ) <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<B>.
.


MFC
MFC Extension ,
. MFC:
1. File | New | Project ( | | ), <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<N> New Project
( ) Standard ().
New Project ( ).
2.

Templates () MFC DLL (


MFC), Name ()
"Extension" . MFC
DLL Wizard - Library ( MFC).

15.
3.

563

Application Settings ( ),
DLL Type ( )
MFC extension DLL (
MFC) Finish ().

4. Resource View ( ), Extension.rc


Add Resource ( ).
Add Resource ( ), . 15.6.

lAdd Resource
Resource type:
MlBitmaP
+ & Cursor
ti pi Dialog
JS HTML
Icon
2| Menu
SS String Tabe
l
.=!S Toob
l ar

Import...

Custom...

Cancel
Hep
l

Version

. 15.6. Add Resource


5. Resource type ( ) Dialog
( ) New (). Resource View
( ) Extension.rc Dialog IDD_DIALOGI. ,
.
6. Resource View ( )
IDD_DIALOGI Properties ().
Properties ().
7. ID ( ) Properties () IDD_MEDIAN.
8.
Caption () Properties ()
"".
9. 200x300
Cancel () .
10. Cancel () Caption
() Properties () "".

564

III. Visual C++

11. Toolbox (),


Static Text ( ) .
12. Caption () Properties ()
"".
13. Toolbox () Edit
Control ( ) .
14. .
15. ID ( )
Properties () IDCARRAY.
16. MultiLine ( ),
Behavior (), True.
17. ReadOnly (
), ,
VerticalScroll ( ), StaticEdge (
), Number () RightAlignText ( ),
Appearance ( ).
18. .. 11 12 "",
.
19. Toolbox () Edit
Control ( ) .
20. ID ( )
Properties () IDC_APERTURE.
21. MultiLine ( ),
Behavior (), True.
22. .. 1821 IDC_VALUE
"".
23. .. 1821
IDC_RECURSIVE
"".
24. ReadOnly ( ),
True.
25. .. 23 24
IDCJSIMPLE "".
26. Toolbox () Button
() ,
.

15.

565

27. ID ( ) IDCADD,
Caption () "".
28. Add Class
( ). Add Class - Library (
), . 15.4.
29. Templates () MFC Class ( MFC)
Open (). MFC Class
Wizard - Extension ( MFC), . 15.7.
.*'

MFC Class Wizard - Extension

Welcome to the MFC Class Wizard


This wizard adds a class that inherits from MFC to your project, Options may change
depending on the base class selected.
C[assname:

.DHTML resource ID:

Base class:

.HTM file:

jCWnd

~Z3
.H file:
(

Automation;
r
None
Automation
Creatable by type ID

.CPPfile:

V Active accessibility.

Finish

Cancel

Help

. 1 5 . 7 . MFC Class Wizard - Extension

30. Class name ( )


CMedianDig, Base class ( )
CDialog,
Dialog ID ( ) IDD_MEDIAN Finish (). .
31. Class View ( ), Extension, CMedianDig

III. Visual C++

566

Properties ().
Properties ().
32. Properties () Overrides (
).
, .
33. OninitDialog. .
34. .
CMedianDig .
35. Properties () Events ().
, .
36. IDC_ADD,
BNCLICKED,
. CMedianDig .
37. Class View ( )
CMedianDig
Add | Add Variable ( | ).
Add Member Variable Wizard - Extension (
), . 15.8.

I field Member Variable Wizard - Extension


Welcome to the Add Member Variable Wizard
This wizard adds a member variable to your class, struct^ or union.

Access:

* Control variable

Variable type:
I bool

13

Variable name:

Comment (// notation not required):

Finish

Cancel

Help

. 15.8. Add Member Variable Wizard - Extension

15.

567

38. Control variable ( ), Control ID


( )
IDC_ARRAY, Variable name ( ) mArray Finish (). CMedianDig
.
39.

..

37

38

41. .. 37 38
IDC_APERTURE m_Aperture.

IDC_RECURSIVE m_Recursive.

40.

..

37

38

IDC_SIMPLE m_Simple.

42. .. 37 38
IDC__APERTURE m_nAperture, ,
Finish (), Category ()
Value () Variable
type ( ) i n t .
43. . 42 IDC_VALUE m_Value.
44. Class View ( )
CMedianDig Add | Add
Variable ( | ). Add
Member Variable Wizard - Extension ( ).
45. Variable type ( ) Median<int>*, Variable
name ( ) m_Median Finish
(). CMedianDig .
46. .. 44 45 mlpArray i n t * .
47. .. 44 45 Aperture i n t .
48. CMedianDig.
MedianDlg.h.
49. ttpragma once
#include <Median.h>
#include "Resource.h"
50. MedianDlg.cpp.
51. 15.4.

19 *. 629

568

III. Visual C++


\

| 15.4. CMedianDlg
II CMedianDlg

mmmimminmiiimm

II

IMPLEMENT_DYNAMIC(CMedianDlg, CDialog)
CMedianDlg::CMedianDlg(CWnd* pParent /*=NULL*/)
: CDialog(CMedianDlg::IDD, pParent)
, m_lpArray( new int[3])
, Aperture(3)
{
m_Value
= 0;
m nAperture = Aperture;
m Median = new Median<int>( Aperture );

CMedianDlg::-CMedianDlg()
{
delete m_lpArray;
delete m_Median;

52. OnlnitDialog onBnClickedAdd


15.5.
| 15.5. OnlnitDialog OnBnClickedAdd
// CMedianDlg
//
BOOL CMedianDlg::OnlnitDialog(void)
CDialog::OnlnitDialog();
//
SetDlgltemText( IDC_RECURSIVE, "0" );
SetDlgltemText( IDC_SIMPLE, "0" );

15.
II
CString szText = "0\r\n";
m_lpArray[0] = 0;
for(int i=l; i < Aperture;
{
m_lpArray[i] = 0;
szText += "0\r\n";

//
SetDlgltemText( IDC ARRAY, szText );
return TRUE;

// TRUE ,
//
// : OCX
// FALSE

//
void CMedianDlg::OnBnClickedAdd(void)
{
CString szText;
int
i;
UpdateData() ;
if( m_nAperture != Aperture )

//

{
//
m_nAperture
m_Value

I = 1;

= 0;

UpdateData( FALSE );
SetDlgltemText( IDC_RECURSIVE, "0" );
SetDlgltemText( IDC_SIMPLE, "0" );
Aperture = m_nAperture;

569

570

III. Visual C++


delete

m_lpArray;

delete

m_Median;

m_lpArray
m_Median
szText

= new int[Aperture];
= new Median<int>( Aperture );
= "O\r\n";

m_lpArray[O]

= 0;

f o r ( i = l ; i < Aperture; i++)


{

m_lpArray[i]
szText

=0;
+= "0\r\n";

SetDlgltemText( IDC_ARRAY, szText );


}
else
{

//
int* lpTemp = new int[Aperture];
for(i=l; i < Aperture; i++)
{
m_lpArray[i-1] = m_lpArray[i] ;
lpTemp[i-l]
= m_lpArray[i];

m_lpArray[Aperture-1] = m_Value;
lpTemp[Aperture-1]
= m_Value;
Sort( lpTemp, Aperture );
//
szText.Format("%d", m_Median-> Get( m_Value));
SetDlgltemText( IDC_RECURSIVE, szText );
szText.Format("%d", lpTemp[ Aperture >> 1 ]);
SetDlgltemText( IDC_SIMPLE, szText );
//
m_Array.SetSel( 0, m_Array.LineLength(0) + 2 );

15.

571

m_Array.ReplaceSel ( "" );
m_Array.SetSel( 10000000,

10000000);

szText.Format("%d\r\n", m_Value);
m_Array.ReplaceSel( szText );

delete

lpTemp;

53. #include "Extension.h"


54. Class View ( ),
Extension () Properties (). Extension Property Pages ( ).
55. Configuration () All Configurations ( ),
C/C++. Extension Property Pages
( ) , . 15.9.
I Extension Property Panes
_^J Platform JAchve(V'iri32)
^ Configuration Properties
General
Debugging
^ CJC++

Additional Include Directories


Resolve #using References
Debug Information Format
Compe
li As Managed
Suppress Startup Banner
Warning Level
Detect 64-bit Portability Issues
Treat Warnings As Errors

_]

Configuration Manager..

Not using managed extensions


Yes (/nologo)
Level 3 (/W3)
No
No

Optimization
Preprocessor
Code Generatio
Language
Precompiled He;
Output Files
Browse Informa
Advanced
Command Line
i_j Linker
"'
!_3 Resources
Additional Include Directories
LJMIDL
t j Browse Information w j \ Specifies one or more directories to add to the include path; use semi-colon
; delimited list if more than one. (/I[path])
OK

-pply

Help

. 15.9. Extension Property Pages, C/C++

III. Visual C++

572

56. Additional Include Directories ( ) Library (


"E:\Documents and Settings\Nick\My Documents\Visual Studio
Projects\Library").
57. Linker ( ).
Extension Property Pages ( ) ,
. 15.10.
(Extension Property Pages, '.

J*J

Configuration: (All Configurations


:'_y Configuration Propertie *
General
Debugging
Q C/C++
.inker

Jj Platform: JActive(W<n32)

Output File
Show Progress
Version
Enable Incremental Linking
Suppress Startup Banner
; Ignore Import Library
1 Register Output
i Additional Library Directories

Configuration Manager...

4(0utDir)/Extension.dll
Not Set
yes (/NOLOGO)
No
No

Input
Debug
System
Optimization
EmbeddedIDL
Advanced
Command Line
C".\ Resources
Q MD
IL
LJ Browse Information'
LJ Build Events
Output File
'_J Custom Build Step
Override the default output file name. (/OUT;[file])
JJLJ"
OK

Cancel

Apply J -

Help

. 15.10. Extension Property Pages, Linker


58. Additional Library Directories ( )
Library ( "E:\Documents
and Settings\Nick\My Documents\Visual Studio Projects\Library\Debug").
59. Linker ( )
Extension Property Pages ( ) Input
( ). Extension Property Pages ( )
, . 15.11.
60. Additional Dependencies (
)
Library.lib.

15.

573

JExtensionProperty Page*,'
Configuration: JActive(Debug)
A

^'ij Configuration Propertie*


General
Debugging
D C/C++
.inker
General
Debug
System
Optimijation
EmbeddedIDL
Advanced
Command Line

ill
T J Platform:

Active(Wm32)

_^J

Cgnfiguration Manager..

Additional Dependencies
Ignore All Default Libraries
Ignore Specific Library
Module Definition File
Add Module to Assembly

No
AExtension.def

Embed Managed Resource File


Force Symbol References
Delay Loaded DLLs

' Resources
CJMIDL

(_J Browse InformationQ j Build Events


l_l Custom Build Step

Additional Dependencies
! Specifies additional items to add to the link line (ex: kernel32.lib);
' configuration specific.

OK

Cancel

Apply

Help

. 15.11. Extension Property Pages


61. . Extension Property Pages (
) .
62. Build | Build Solution ( | ) <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<B>.
.
63. Microsoft Visual C + + , .

, . ,
Visual Studio.NET. , , , , , ,
PATH. , (
, ). , : ,
PATH, ,
.

574

III. Visual C++


,
PATH. autoexec.bat .
:. ,
, , . Windows 98 Windows 2000 -.
PATH
Windows 2000:
1. My Computer
( )
Properties (). System Properties (
), . 15.12.

System Properties |
[ Generai Network Identification 1 Hardware I User Profiles j Advanced I
System:
Microsoft Windows 2000
5.00.2195
Service Pack 1
Registered to:
Nick
Home
51873-OEM-0000786-527S4
Computer:
AM D-K6(tm) 3D processor
AT/AT COMPATIBLE
196152 KB RAM

OK

Cancel

. 15.12. System Properties


2.

, Advanced (). System


Properties ( ) , . 15.13.

15.

575

General) Network Identification j Hardware) User Profiles Advanced


Performance
Performance options control how applications use memory.
which affects the speed of your computer.
Performance Options...
Environment Variables Environment variables tell you computer where to find certain
types of information.
Environment Variables...
Startup and Recovery
Startup and recovery options tell your computer how to start
and what to do if an error causes your computer to stop.
Startup and Recovery...

Cancel
. 1 5 . 1 3 . S y s t e m P r o p e r t i e s ,
A d v a n c e d

3. Environment Variables ( ). Environment Variables ( ),


. 15.14.
4. System variables ( )
Path () Edit ().
Edit System Variable ( ),
. 15.15.
5. Variable Value ( )
Extension Library (
"E:\Documents
and
Settings\Nick\My
Documents\Visual
Studio
Projects\Extension\Debug;E:\Documents and Settings\Nick\My Documents\Visual
Studio Projects\Library\Debug") .
6. System Properties ( ). .
7. Windows, (
).

III. Visual C++

576

(Environment Variables

84'

User variables for Nick


Variable

Value

LIB

E:\Program Files\Microsoft.Net\Framew,.
E:\Dccuments and Settings\Nick\Local S..
E:\Documents and Settings\NickV.ocal 5..

TEMP
TMP

Delete

System variables

Variable _
ComSpec
CORPATH
INCLUDE
LIB
netsamplepath

Value
...
_
.._
E: \WIN_200D\systetn32\cmd. exe
E:\WIN_2000\Microsoft.NET\Frarnework..
E:\Program Files\Microsoft.Net\Framew...
E ^Program Files\Microsoft, Net\Framew...
E:P
\ ROGR A~ 1 \MICROS~ 1. NET\FRAME..
Edit...

New,..

Delete

Cancel

OK

. 15.14. Environment Variables


lEdil System Vawaaltllimif"
Variable Name:

j Path

OK

Cancel |

. 15.15. Edit System Variable


PATH
Windows 98:
1. | .
, . 15.16.
2. msconfig .
,
. 15.17.
3. Autoexec.bat. , . 15.18.

15.

577

I
'.: ' " " V ' .
,- ,
. :
. . . .

:
-Jr.,
:

|
.

...

'

. 15.16.

IV--


jConfig.sys| Autoexec.bat j System.ini| Win.iniJ )
:. f - -

- :

j <* [

i
j

.' | - :
I

0^61^"'^|^/^:^^1^'

I j

... j

Hpv'e:-1 ,~ j

. 15.17.

4. PATH C:WIN_98\COMMAND;C:\DRIVER
. .
5. Extension Library ( "E:\Documents and Settings\Nick\My
Documents\ Visual Studio Projects\Extension\Debug;E:\Documents and Settings\Nick\My Documents\Visual Studio Projects\Library\Debug")
. .

578

III. Visual C++

idi

( Config.sys Autoexec bat | System mi | Win.ini j j
Autoexec bat.
""

PATHICAWIN 98.CAWIN 98\COMMAND;C:\DRIVERS


mode con codepage =((866) C:\WIN_98\COMMAND\ega3.cp
mode con codepage select=866

OK

. 15.18. Autoexec.bat

(Extension Property Pages


3

Configuration; JActive(Debug)
:^J Configuration Properties
Debugging
p C/C++
Q Linker
;_j Resources
Cl MIDL
f_] Browse Information
(_3 Build Events
Custom Build Step
L_j Web References
LJ Web Deployment

flatform;

[Active(Win32T

Canfiguration Manager..

Output Directory
,
Intermediate Directory

Debug
Debug

Extensions to Delete on Clean *.obj;*.ilk;*,pdb;*.tlb;*.tli;*.tlh;*.tmp;*.rsp;1


Configuration Type
Build Browser Information
Use of MFC
Use of ATL
Minimize CRT Use in ATL
Character Set
Use Managed Extensions
Whole Program Optimization

Dynamic Library (.dll)


No
Use MFC in a Shared DLL
Not Using ATL
No
Use Multi-Byte Character Set
No
No

I Output Directory
; Specifies a relative path to the output file directory; can include environment
! variables,
Cancel

. 15.19. Extension Property Pages

Help

15.

579

PATH, ,
.

:
1. Class View ( ),
Extension () Properties (). Extension Property Pages ( ).
2.

Configuration () All Configurations ( ). Extension


Property Pages ( ) , . 15.19.

3. Output Directory ( )
( E:\Win_2000) .


, DemoLib, , . :
1. , I, DemoLib.
2. Resource View ( ),
DemoLib.rc, Dialog ().
3. IDD_ABOUTBOX <Del>.
.
4.

. 3 IDD_DEMOLIB_DIALOG.

5. String Table ( ),
String Table <Del>.
.
6. Solution Explorer ( ), DemoLib, Source Files.
7. DemoLibDlg.cpp <Del>. .
8. Header Files ( ) . 6
DemoLibDlg.h.
9. File | Open | File ( | ),
<Ctrl>+<0> Open () Standard (). Open File
( ), . 15.20.

III. Visual C++

580
lOpen File
Lookiv

History

! My Projects

ij m _Jres
K$ DemoUb cpp
Ji] DemoLib h
SiODemolib.rc
0^ DemoUbDIg cpp
W\ DemoUbDIg h
iti] Resource, h
g| stdafx.cpp
jh] stdafx.h

Desktop

Favorites
File name:

Open

Files of type: Ivisual C++Files

Cancel

. 15.20. Open File


10. DemoLibDlg.cpp DemoLibDlg.h (
<Shift> <Ctrl>) .
11. Delete ().
Confirm Multiple File Delete (
), . 15.21.

41 Are you sure you want to send these 2 tiems to the Recyce
l Bn
i

. 15.21.
Confirm Multiple File Delete
12. Yes (), . .
13. Cancel () Open File (
). .

15.

581

14. Solution Explorer ( )


DemoLib
Properties (). Property Pages
( ).
15. Configuration () All Configurations ( ),
C/C++.
16. Additional Include Directories ( )
Library Extension (
"E:\Documents and Settings\Nick\My Documents\Visual Studio Projects\Extension;E:\Documents and Settings\Nick\My Documents\Visual Studio
Projects\Library").
17. Linker ( ).
18. Additional Library Directories ( ) Extension (
"E:\Documents and Settings\Nick\My Documents\Visual Studio Projects\
Extension\Debug").
19. Linker ( )
Property Pages ( ) Input ( ).
20. Additional Dependencies (
)
Extension.lib.
21. . Property Pages ( )
.
22. Source Files ( ) Solution Explorer (
)
DemoLib.. .
23. #inciude "DemoLibDig.h"
#include "MedianDlg.h"

24. i n i t i n s t a n c e 15.6.
; 15.6. I n i t i n s t a n c e

// CDemoLibApp
BOOL CDemoLibApp::Initinstance()
{

//
CWinApp::Initinstance();

582

III. Visual C++

AfxEnableControlContainer() ;
//
CMedianDlg dig;
mjpMainWnd = Sdlg;
int nResponse = dlg.DoModal();
//
if (nResponse == IDOK)
{
// OK
}
else if (nResponse == IDCANCEL)
{
//

// , FALSE,
// ,
//
r e t u r n FALSE;

25. <F5>
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26.
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28. .
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30. .

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. 15.22.



, .
Library . . , ,
.
,

decispec(diiexport)
declspec(dllimport) .
Median.h ,
DEMOLIB.
MY_LIBRARY , Median..

, ,

.

MYLIBRARY

,
, , -

584

III. Visual C++

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11, , , , ,
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586

III. Visual C++

DemoLib ,
Extension, , .

CDemoLibApp:: i n i t i n s t a n c e
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, , .
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. , ,
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lib-.

16


Internet
Microsoft Visual Studio.NET, ,
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16.1. Winlnet

CInternetSession

CInternetConnection

Internet . , Winlnet ,
Winlnet,
CInternetSession

Internet .

CFtpConnection,
CGopherConnection CHttpConnection

588

III. Visual C++

16.1 ()

CFtpConnection

FTP

CGopherConnection

gopher

CHttpConnection

HTTP

CInternetFile

Internet.
C G o p h e r F i l e
CHttpFile

CGopherFile


gopher

CHttpFile

HTTP

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.
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WebRead,
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, . :
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<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<N>.
New Project ( ).
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WebRead . MFC Application
Wizard ( MFC).

16. Internet

589

3. Application Type ( ). Select application type ( )


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CEditView.
5. Finish (). MFC Application Wizard
.
6. Resource View ( )
WebRead.rc
7. Dialog ()
Insert Dialog (
). ,
.
8.
Properties ().
Properties ().
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IDDJJRLDLG.
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13. Toolbox () Edit Control
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14. Properties () ID ( )
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15. ,
.
16. ,
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III. Visual C++

590

WebRead - Microsoft Visual C++ (desiflnl - Wcbfteadj


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() . -

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23. Class View ( ),
WebRead
Add | Add Class ( | ).
Add Class - WebRead ( ), . 16.3.
24. Templates () MFC Class (
MFC) Open ().
25. MFC Class Wizard - WebRead (
MFC), . 16.4.
26. Class name ( ) cuRLDig, Base class ( )
coiaiog Finish ().
.
27. Class View ( ) WebRead.

592

III. Visual C++


lAdd Class WebRead
Templates:

>

Add ATL
Support...

ATL Active
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ATL Control

ATL Dialog

ATL MMC
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ATL MS
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l

Cancel

Open

. 1 6 . 3 . Add Class - WebRead

MFC Class Wizard - WebRead


Welcome to the MFC Class Wizard
This wizard adds a class that inherits from MFC to your project. Options may change
depending on the base class selected,
C|ass name:

.DHTML resource ID:

Base class:
jcWnd

.HTM file:

i]

Automation:
a

None

Automation

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C G eatable by type ID

.CPP file:
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Finish

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. 1 6 . 4 . MFC Class Wizard - WebRead

Help

16. Internet

593

Add Member Variable Wizard - WebRead


Welcome to the Add Member Variable Wizard
This wizard adds a member variable to your class, struct, or union,

Access;
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Variable type:

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28. cuRLDig Add | Add Variable ( |
). Add Member Variable Wizard WebRead ( ), . 16.5.
29. Control variable ( ), Control ID
( ) IDCURL,
Category () Value
(), Variable name ( )
m_URL Finish ().
cuRLDig .
30. Class View ( )
cwebReadview Properties (). Properties ().
31. Properties () Events
(). , .
32. ID_CONNECT_MAKECONNECTION
COMMAND.
33. . cwebReadview -

594

III. Visual C++


.
WebReadView.cpp .

34. OnConnectMakeconnection
16.1.

! 16.1. CWebReadView: : OnConnectMakeconnection


// CWebReadView
void CWebReadView::OnConnectMakeconnection(void)
{

//
CORLDlg d i g ( t h i s ) ;
// URL,
dlg.m_URL = "http://www.mcp.com";
//
int result = dlg.DoModal();
if (result == IDOK)

// OK

{
//
CInternetSession INetSession;
CString
csTemp;
LPCTSTR
szTemp;
CEdits,
edit = GetEditCtrl () ;
try
{
// HTTP
szTemp = dlg.m_URL.GetBuffer(256) ;
CHttpFile* httpFile =(CHttpFile*)INetSession.OpenORL( szTemp );
dlg.m_URL.ReleaseBuffer() ;
//
httpFile->SetReadBufferSize(4096);
//
while! httpFile->ReadString( csTemp ) )
edit.ReplaceSel( csTemp + "\r\n" );

16. Internet

595

//
httpFile->Close();

//
catch (CInternetException* pException)
{
edit.ReplaceSel( "CInternetException received!'
pException->ReportError();

//
INetSession.Close();
//
Invalidate();

35. WebR.eadView.cpp #include


"WebReadview.h" :
tinclude <afxinet.h>
#include "URLDlg.h"
36. <F5> .
37. Connect | Make Connection ( |
). Connection (), . 16.6.
xj

[Connection ^
Enter URL
[http: //www, mcp.com

OK

;|

Cancel |

. 16.6. Connection
38. Enter URL ( URL) Web-
HTML .
,
. 16.7. ( ,
HTML.)

596

III, Visual C++

WebRead - Untitled
File Ve
i w Connect Help
D ~\B
, El S f
|<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 3.Z Final//EN">
|<HTML>
|<HEAD>
<META HTTP-EQUIV="Content-Type" Content="text/html; charse1=Windows-1251">
r

<TITLE>KoMaHAa , <>
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i<BODY BGCOLOR="FFFFFF' TEXT="000000">

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|
KPXiont face="Helv "> HHCTpyMeHTOB</FONT>:<IMG SRO"../images/editcut.gif' ALT='"'
!BORDER=0X/P>
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Ready

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, Web-
Winlnet , . , , , ,
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.
, MFC Application Wizard, :
Web-
.
,
.
OnConnectMakeconnection, , .
OnConnectMakeconnection, ,
Web-,
.

16. Internet

597

Microsoft, - .
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Web-. :
1. cinternetsession.
2. openURL,
CHttpFile, HTML, URL.
3. CHttpFile Readstring, , .
4. ,
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cinternetsession ,
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LPCTSTR, URL cstring,

cstring: :GetBuffer.
cstring: :ReieaseBuffer. openURL , URL, CHttpFile, . openURL
cstdioFile, .
CHttpFile cmternetFiie::setReadBuf fersize .
, Winlnet API -

598

III. Visual C++

.
,

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cwnd:: invalidate, .

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WebReadView.cpp

OnBnClicbedStart

Data Design

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r x ;! Solution Explorer WebRead

Database Diagram
Debug
Debug Location

Sine1 ude "scdafx.h'


frinc
lude "WebRead.h"
finelude "WebP.eadDoc . h"
Sinelude "ebRsadVien.h'

Design
Dialog Editor
Diff-Merge Viewer
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#include

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Project
Project (), . 2.59, , .

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| Debug
Debug
".obj;*.ilk;*.pdb;*.tlb;*.tli;*

Intermediate Directory
Extensions to Delete on Clean
Configuration Type
Build Browser Information
Use of MFC
Use of ATL
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Application (.exe)
No
Use MFC in a Shared DLL
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No
Use Multi-Byte Character Set
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No

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variables.
OK

Cancel

Help

. 2.58. WebRead Property Pages


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IV.

666

Project / Add Class


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.
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Consumer

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. 2.60. Add Class - HTML

Project / Add Function


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Project / Add Variable


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2. Visual C++

667

Add Member Function Wizard - HTML


Welcome to the Add Member Function Wizard
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Parameter name;

Parameter list:

Add

Access:
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Implementation file:

~3

Comment (// notation not required):

Static ~ Virtual Pure

Jhtml.cpp

mime

Finish

Cancel

Help

. 2 . 6 1 . Add Member Function Wizard - HTML


Add Member Variable Wizard - WebRead
Welcome to the Add Member Variable Wizard
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Access:

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. 2.62. Add Member Variable Wizard - WebRead

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668

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Project / Add New Item


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Add New Item - WebRead


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C++ File
Dynamc
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h
(.cpp) Discovery.,. (.htm)

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Header File
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ASP Page
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di Fe
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669

Project / Add Existing Item


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;

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History

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I My Projects

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!
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Project / Properties
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Property Pages ( ), . 2.58.
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Debug
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HTML.exe

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. 2.72. Processes

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C++

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. 2.75. New Breakpoint

2. Visual C++

679

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xj
Q j WebRead

tn

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My Projects

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j Myy Network
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I
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. 2.76. Save Dump As

,
.

Tools
Tools (), . 2.77,
Visual Studio.NET .

IV.

680
., WebRr.id - Microsoft Visual C + + [doslgn] - URLnbl.tpp
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Connect to database.
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guild Comment Web Pages...
Macros
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Error Lookup
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Solution Explorer WebRead _

31

_3 stdafx cpp
J URLDIg.cpp
_J] WebRead.cpp
J$ WebReadDoc.cpp
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. 2.77. Tools

Tools / Debug Processes


Debug |
Processes ( | ).

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SQL . Server Explorer (
) Data Link Properties ( ),
. 2.78.

Tools / Connect to Server


, , , HTTP IP.
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Toolbox ().
Customize Toolbox ( ), . 2.80.

2. Visual C++

681

Data Link Properties

' JSl

Provider Connection Advanced All


Specify the following to connect to SQL Server data:
1. Select or enter a server name:
V| Refresh

2. Enter information to log on to the server:


<"" Use Windows NT Integrated security
(* Use a specific use< name end password:
User name: j
Password: |
" Blank password

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Ldd Server
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. 2.79. Add Server

. 2.80 COM Controls Toolbox () .

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Studio.NET . Add-in Manager ( ), . 2.81.

IV.

682
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Library

j Path

Name

ActiveMovieControl Object
ActiveXPlugin Object
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adbanner Class
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E: \WIN_2000\Systern32\rnsdxm. ocx
E: \WIN_2000\System32\pkigin .ocx
E: \WIN_2000\Sy 5tem32\LMRT. dll
E:\WIN_2000\System32\msdxrri.ocx
E: \WIN_2u0u\System32\appwe. cpl
E:\WIN_2000\System32\inetsrv\cnfg...
D:\Visual Studio.NET\Comrnon?\Tool5..,
E:\WlN_200u\Systern32\LMRT.dll
E:\WIN_2000\System32\mscoree.dll

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J _ J ! * J

. 2 . 8 1 . Add-in Manager

,

. , ,
, .

2. Visual C++

683

Tools / Build Comment Web Pages


Build Comment Web
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.:.
f* Build for entire Solution
* Build for selected Projects:

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E:\Docurnents and Settings\Nick\My Dot

Browse,..

~ Add to Favorites

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Help

. 2.82.. Build Comment Web Pages

Fils dit Ve
i w Project Build Debug Toosl Wn
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'
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Debug
l-s and betmgs\Nick\My Oocum
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Project

'HTML' (1 project)
HTML
3 Source Ffes
J Childf rm cpp
J HTML.cpp
J HTML.rr
J HTMLDoc cpp
J HTMLView cpp
J MainFrm cpp
_ J natehtmlielp bat

C A b o u t D I g

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j Debug
Unloaded'E:\WIN_20O0isysfem32\rpcrt4.dll1
unloaded 'EAWIN 2000\sy5tem32\ote32.dll1

. 2.83.

IV.

684

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VBScript.

Tools \ ActiveX Control Test Container


ActiveX Control Test Container
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. 2.85.

Tools / Create GUID


guidgen, . 2.86.

2. Visual C++

685

; j ActiveX Control Test Container - UolMea


File Edit Container Control Ve
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Create GUID

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686

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. 2.88.
l&ATl/WC Trace Tool
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| Trace level
! 9 Enabled
Category Si Function Narmes
File Name & Line No.

. 2.88. ATL/MFC Trace Tool

2. Visual C++

687

Tools / OLE/COM Object Viewer


OLE/COM Object Viewer,
. 2.89.
lDl.X.1

OLE/COM abject Viewer


File

O_bject

View

Help

No . CryslalDecisions.Shaied.TotallerNodelD
*""""' {DDE05402-90B5-3CB6-A5D5-E8FCA55EA56D)
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Cr(stalDeasions.VSShell.CMirrosoft.CLRAdmin.CAboi
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CLSID =
{DDE054D2-9065-3CB6-A5D5-E8FCA556A56D}- = CrystalDecisions.Si
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462C8FE6S-4EBB-45E7-B440-6E39B2CDBF29} =
InprocServer32 [<no name>] = mscoree.dll
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: InprocServer32 [Class] = CrystalDecisions.Shared,TotallerNodeIC
InprocServer32 [Assembly] = CrystalDecisions.Sharedj Version=*
! InprocServer32 [RuntimeVersion] = v l ,0.2901
Progld = CrystalDecisions.Shared.TotallerNodelD
CrystalDecisions. Shared. TotallerNodelD = CrystalDecisions. Shared. Totall
CLSID = -{DDE0S4D2-90B5-3CB6-ASD5-E8FCA556A56D}

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OLE .

Tools / Spy++
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Tools / External Tools


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Microsoft. .

IV.

688

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Create &6UID
Error Loo&kup
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'

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. 2 . 9 1 . External Tools

2. Visual C++

689

Tools / Customize
Customize
(), . 2.92.

'Toolbars .j Commands | Options


Toolbars:
New...

Crystal Reports - Insert

* Crystal Reports - Main


" Data Design
" Database Diagram
" Debug
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" Dialog Editor
Diff-Merge Viewer
l ~ Formatting
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HTML Editor
" Image Editor
Layout
!? MenuBar
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Reset...

Keyboard... | [

Close

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Tools \ Options
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. 2.93.
Visual Studio.NET.

IV.

690

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Documents
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International Setting;
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Task List
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|Load last loaded solution

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p" Enable Command Window autocompletion
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items in window menu


items in most recently used lists

Docked Tool Window Behavior - f/ Close button aFfects active tab only
" Auto Hide button affects active tab only

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. 2.93. Options

Window
Window (), . 2.94,
.

Window / New Window


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_ J makehtmlhelp.bat
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Studio.NET, Workspace ( ), Output ( ), Watch
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2. Visual C++

693

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CInternetSession 597
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CMultiLock 369
CMutex 369
CNotSuportedException 323
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CObject 347
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COleDispatchException 323
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CPtrArray 347
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CRgn 125
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afxprint.rc 415
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afxpriv.h 473
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DemoDlg.h 444, 499
DemoLib.cpp 581
Dialog.re 65
DialogDlg.cpp 74
DialogDlg.h 72
EditAppView.cpp 242
Help.cnt 472
Help.hpj 441
Help.rc417
help.rtf 475
HelpApp.hpj 473
HelpView.cpp 444
HTML.rc 487
Library.def 562
LiStDlg.cpp 106
MainFrm.cpp 262, 275
MainFrm.h 262, 275
MDI.cppv35, 46
MDIDoc.cpp 27
MDIDoc.h 25
MDlView.cpp 31
MDIView.h 29
Median.epp 559
Median.h 558
MedianDlg.cpp 567
MedianDlg.h 567
MySpmCtrl.cpp 151
MyView.cpp 49
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Page2.cpp 89
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PrintAppDoc.cpp 286
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ProgressDlg.cpp 115
Resource, h 136
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StdAfx.h 584
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SyncDlg.cpp 373, 380
SyncDlg.h 373, 380
Text.cpp 227
TextDoc.cpp 226 Text View, cpp 223
ToolAppView.cpp 265, 280
606
542
232
540
606
:
_CrtCheckMemory 536
_CrtDumpMemoryLeaks 536
_CrtSetDbgFlag 536
_DllMainCRTStartup 539
AddFontResource 170
AfxBeginThread 361, 377
AfxCheckError 529
AfxCheckMemory 529
AfxDumpStack 530
AfxEnableControlContainer 39
AfxEnableMemoryTracking 529
AfxEndThread 365
AfxGetApp217
AfxGetResourceHandle 549
AfxInitExtensionModule 548
AfxIsMemoryBlock 530
AfxIsValidAddress 530
AfxIsValidString 530
AfxMessageBox 409
AfxOlelnit 39
AfxSetAllocHook 530
AfxTermExtensionModule 548
AfxThrowMemoryException 328
CArchive:
IsStoring29, 212
operator << 212
operator >> 213
CArray:
Add 348
GetSize 356

CBitmap:
CreateCompatibleBitmap 200
GetBitmapBits 201
SetBitmapBits 202
CButton:
SetCheck 97
CCmdUI:
Continue Routing 271
Enable 222, 272
SetCheck 271
SetText 278
CControlBar:
EnableDocking 270
CDateTimeCtrl:
GetTime 134
SetFormat 135
SetTime 134
CDC:
SetBkColor 173
CDC:
BitBlt 201

CreateCompatibleDC 201
DrawText 176
EndDoc311
EndPage311
Escape 309
FillRect 124, 200
GetBkColor 173
GetBkMode 173
GetCharABCWidths 174
GetDeviceCaps 175, 306
GetFontData 172
GetOutlineTextMetrics 172
GetTextAlign 173
GetTextCharacterExtra 173
GetTextColor 173
GetTextExtent 283
GetTextMetrics 175
IsPrinting 307
Rectangle 292
SelectClipRgn 125
SelectObject 178, 201
SetBkMode 173
SetMapMode 307
SetMapperFlags 171
SetTextAlign 173
SetTextCharacterExtra 173
SetTextColor 173

SetTextJustification 173
SetViewPortOrg 307
StartDoc 310
StartPage 310
TabbedTextOut 176
TextOut 179
Dialog:
DoModal 244
EndDialog 385
OnOK 386
CDocManager:
DoPromptFileName 229
CDocTemplate:
GetDocString 216
CDocument:
GetFile 221
GetPathName 221
OnNewDocument 29
ReleaseFile 222
SetModifiedFlag 164, 212
UpdateAU Views 164
CEdit:
CharFromPos 244
Clear 585
Cut 585
LineLength 585
ReplaceSel 585, 598
SetSel 585
CEditView:
FindText 244
GetBufferLength 244
GetEditCtrl 243, 597
OnFindNext 244
CEvent:
ResetEvent 386
SetEvent 386
CException:
Delete 324
ReportError 598
CFile:
Close 231
GetFileName 231
GetFilePath 231
GetLength 230
Read 221
Remove 231

717
SeekToBegin 230
Write 222
CFrameWnd:
Create 42
DockControlBar271
EnableDocking 270
LoadBarState 271
Load Frame 41
SaveBarState 271
ShowControlBar 271
Choose Font 169
CInternetFile:
ReadString 598
SetReadBufferSize 597
CInternetSession:
Close 598
OpenURL 597
CListBox:
AddString 109
DeleteString 109
GetCurSel 109
GetText 109
SetSel 109
CloseHandle 385
CMap:
GetNextAssoc 354
GetStartPosition 354
Lookup 355
RemoveAH 357
RemoveKey 357
CMemoryState:
Checkpoint 537
Difference 537
DumpAllObjectsSince 536
CMenu:
GetMenuContextHelpId 399
SetMenuContextHelpId 399
CMonthCalCtr:
GetCurSel 134
SetCurSel 134
CMultiLock:
Lock 368
Unlock 368
CObArray:
operator [] 349
CObject:
AssertValid 34, 528
( . . 718)

718
():

Dump 34, 528


Serialize 29, 212
ConstructElement 350
CPrintlnfo:
GetFromPage 312
GetMaxPage 312
GetMinPage 312
GetToPage 312
SetMaxPage 306
CProgressCtrl:
Create 120
SetPos 119
Set Range 118
CPropertyPage:
DoModal 92
OnSetActive 92
OnWizardBack 96
OnWizardFinish 97
OnWizardNext 96
SetWizardMode 92
CPropertySheet:
SetActivePage 96
SetFinishText 96
SetWizardButtons 92
CreateDC 293
CreateEvent 384
Create Font 171
CreateFontlndirect 171
CreateScalableFontResource 170
CreateWindowEx 389
CRect:
PtlnRect 201
CRgn:
Create RectRgnlndirect 125
CRichEditView:
' *.
GetCharFormatSelection 253
OnCharEffect 250
OnParaAlign 250
SetCharFormat 253
CScrollView:
SetScroIlSizes 292
CSingleLock:
IsLocked 376
Lock 368, 376
Unlock 368, 376
CSliderCtrl:
GetPos 119

SetLineSize 118
SetPageSize 118
SetRange 118
SetTicFreq 118
CStatusBar:
CommandTolndex 284
Create 282
Setlndicators 282
SetPanelnfo 283
SetPaneText 284
CString:
Format 278
GetBuffer 597
LoadString 320
ReleaseBuffer 597
CToolBar:
CreateEx 270
LoadToolbar 270
CTypedPtrArray:
GetAt 354
operator [] 354
CTypedPtrList:
AddHead 358
AddTail 358
GetAt 349
GetHead 349
GetHeadPosition 354, 356
GetNext 349, 356
GetPrev 349
GetTail 349
RemoveAU 356
RemoveAt 356
RemoveHead 349, 358
RemoveTail 349
CTypedPtrMap:
GetNextAssoc 350
Lookup 350
CView:
Do Prepare Printing 311
GetDocument 34, 292
OnBeginPrinting 310
On Draw 34, 164
OnEndPrinting 311
OnFilePrint 33
OnFilePrintPreview 33
OnPrepareDC 164, 310
OnPreparePrinting 310

OnPrint 311
OnUpdate 165
CWinApp:
AddDocTemplate 41
EnableHtmlHelp 486
GetProfilelnt 235
GetProfileString 217, 235
Initlnstance 39, 227
LoadStdProfileSettings 39, 235
OnContextHelp 412
OnHelp 409
OnHelplndex 409
Onldle412
ParseCommandLine 42
PreTranslateMessage 412
ProcessSliellCommand 42
SetRegistryKey 39. 234
WinHelp 396
WriteProfilelnt 235
WriteProfileString 217
CWinThread:
CreateThread 364
Exitlnstance 363
Initlnstance 364
Onldle 364
PostTlireadMessage 137
PreTranslateMessage 364
ProcessWndProcException 364
Run 153, 364
CWnd:
BeginPaint 164, 294
DefWindowProc 388
DoDataExchange 81
EndPaint 164
GetClientRect 199, 292
GetDC 164, 294
GetParentOwner 284
GetSafeHwnd 385, 510
GetStyle 271
GetWindowContextHelpId 399
GetWindowDC 294
Invalidate 222, 292
IsDialogMessage 412
Modify Style 134
OnContextMenu 446, 510
OnHelpInfo 446, 511
OnHScroll 119
OnNotify 143

719
OnPaint 124, 165
OnWnd Message 153
PreCreateWindow 34
Release DC 164
ScreenToClient 124, 294
SetDlgltemText 81, 109, 134
SetWindowContextHelpId 399
ShowWindow 43
Update Data 81
UpdateWindow 43
DestructElement 350
Dispatch Message 137
DllMain 539, 547
DuplicateHandle 366
EnumFontFamilies 169
FindResource 549
FreeLibrary 543
GetCharABCWidthsFloat 174
GetCharWidth32 174
GetCharWidthFloat 174
GetCurrentDirectory 217
GetDlgltem 124
GetExitCodeThread 365
GetMessage 137
GetProcAddress 543
GetTabbedTextExtent 175
GetTextExtentExPoint 175
GetTextExtentPoint32 173
GetWindowRect 124
HtmlHelp 509
LoadLibrary 543
LoadResource 549
MessageBox 221, 320
PeekMessage 137
PostMessage 367, 385
PostQuitMessage 365
Remove FontResource 171
ResumeThread 366
SerializeElement 351
SetCurrentDirectory 217
SetDIBitsToDevice 207
SetEvent 386
SetFileAttributes 231
SetThreadPriority 362, 364
SetWindowLong 270
Sleep 377
TranslateMessage 137
( . . 720)

720
():
UpdateAllViews 367
WaitForMultipleObjects 384
WaitForSingleObject 385
WinHelp 395
WinMain 360
604, 614

361

:
341
338
166

:
Button 103
Check Box 63
Combo Box 62
Date Time Picker 126
Edit Control 59
Group Box 64
List Box 102
Month Calendar Control 126
Picture Control 111
Progress 110
Radio Button 64
Slider Control 110
Spin Control 61
Static Text 58
59

"-"
:
" "
. . Windows 2000 Professional.
. . Microsoft Windows 2000 Server.
. . Windows 2000
. . Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Professional.
., . Word 2000
. Java ( -)
. Microsoft Word 2002
. Windows NT Unix ( -)
. A. Delphi 6
. MS Excel 2000
. .
., . PC, 4-
. . HTML 4.0
. MS SQL Server 2000
., . Microsoft Access 2000
., A. Microsoft Office 2000
., A. Microsoft Office XP
. : - .
1
., . Java 2
. : . 2
.,. XML
. Macromedia FreeHand 9
. Adobe Illustrator 9.0
. Adobe Photoshop 6.0
. WAP:
. PC ( )
. ., A. A. CorelDRAW 10:
. ., A. A. Adobe InDesign
. A. A. PageMaker 6.5
. . Active Server Pages ( -)
. Microsoft Outlook 2002
Microsoft office 2000: -

700 .
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576 .
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992 .
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992 .
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1008 .
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A. Microsoft Excel 2000:
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. . MS Excel
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A. Maple 6.
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., . Microsoft Access 2000:
. . Microsoft Office 2000:
., . IP-
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2-
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A. Windows 2000 Active Directory

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480

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Visual Basic 6.0
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CD-ROM " Windows NT Server 4" "
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. . Turbo Pascal 7.0 Delphi,
2- ( )
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., . Perl
. Visual FoxPro 6.0
., . Windows 2000 Professional
., . Microsoft FrontPage 2002
. 3D Studio MAX 4.0
. AutoCad 2000 Visual LISP, 2-
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. #
. WML WMLScript
. ., . . Adobe Photoshop 6 ( )
. ., . . CorelDRAW 10
. MFC ( )
. Microsoft Outlook 2000
. Java
. Microsoft Word 2000

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448 .
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512 .
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288 .
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