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1.
2.

Determine the blood type.


Spend a processing operation field.
3.
Problem. You found a man on the street with no signs of life: the mind is absent, the
motion of the chest is not visible, the pulse was not palpable.How to set the person is alive or
dead?
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3. . 2-3
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1.
2.

Treat your hands before surgery.


Perform regional anesthesia for Lukashevich - Oberst.
3.
Problem. Due to hit the boiling liquid burns appeared 2-3 degrees femur and tibia. In
assisting no water, sterile dressing, hands dirty. There are bottles tserigelem, potassium
permanganate, handkerchiefs. What is the sequence of first aid?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3.
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1.

Treat your hands before surgery.


Follow the elastic compression of the lower extremities.
Problem. On a hot sunny day, people, located on the beach, suddenly fell ill. There were
headaches, dizziness, vomiting, shortness of breath, ringing in the ears. On examination, pulse
was 120 per minute, filling the weak, breathing shallow, 40 per minute. Word says
inaudible.What is the cause of this condition? What is first aid?
2.
3.

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1. .
2. .

3. .
, , 37,5 .
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Treat your hands before surgery.
2.
Pick up the tools for primary surgical treatment of wounds.
3.
To you asked a neighbor to help him. Within hours, he had a stomach ache, vomiting,
re-marked, rise in body temperature to 37.5 C. The pain localized in the right iliac region. The
chair was not there. Abdomen strongly stressed, and feeling his pain. What kind of disease you
can think of? What is first aid? Do I need to bring the sick to the hospital immediately?
1.

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1.
2.

Perform bladder catheterization.


Pick up the preparations for fluid resuscitation (hemodynamic effect).
3.
Problem. To you asked a young woman complaining of severe weakness, dizziness,
nausea, mild abdominal pain. The woman is very pale, the pulse 120 per minute, is weak.
Abdomen moderately swollen, painful at palpation in all departments, with a sudden lifting of
the hands of the abdominal pain increased dramatically. What kind of illness should be
considered? Is it dangerous? Do I need a first aid and emergency transport of patients to the
hospital?
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1.
2.

Make time to stop bleeding from the brachial artery.


Apply a triangular bandage.
3.
Problem. Standing on the bus the man suddenly fell, limb muscles, neck, face disorderly
decline. Seizures are accompanied by rotation of cutting head in hand, stands out from the
mouth frothy liquid. The face cyanotic. puffy, your breath - a noisy, increased. After 2-3

minutes of cramping stopped breathing became even, like a sleeping man.How does a man
suffering from illness? How dangerous attack? What is first aid?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7.
1. ( ) .
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3. . .
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Perform assessment of the suitability of blood (or drug) to the transfusion.
2.
Put on sterile gloves without the aid of an operating sister.
3.
Problem. The child drank from a bottle of unknown liquid. There were sharp pains in
the mouth, stomach. lips and oral mucosa inflamed and covered with loose whitish-gray in color
films. There is repeated vomiting with blood, breathing is difficult.What substance poisoned
child? What is first aid?
1.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8.
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1.

Put on sterile gloves using the operating sisters.


Perform test on the compatibility of individual blood donor and recipient.
3.
Problem. The patient, long suffering from heart disease, the condition rapidly
deteriorated rapidly emerged and began to grow a sense of shortness of breath, shortness of
breath. Breathing became hoarse and cough a large amount of white frothy sputum. Skin and
mucous membranes were cyanotic. There are signs of disorders of the heart - the interruptions,
arrhythmic pulse. What kind of developed a complication? What is first aid? In what position to
transport the patient to the hospital?
2.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9.
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1.

Put on sterile gown with operating sister.


2.
2. Choose products for infusion therapy (with total parenteral nutrition).
3.
3. Problem. In the bathroom the patient felt dizziness, followed by loss of consciousness
followed. when viewed from the patient is pale, covered with cold sweat, pulse 130 per minute,
weak content. In the toilet a lot of liquid black, tar-like, with a sharp odor.What is the cause of
syncope and serious condition? What is first aid?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10.
1. .
2. .
. .
1.

Put on sterile gown without the aid of an operating sister.


2.
2. Follow the finger examination of the rectum.Problem. Identify the symptoms of heart
failure and breathing.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11.
1. .
2.
.
3. . .
, .
?
1.
2.

Perform techniques to restore airway patency.


Perform a temporary stop bleeding injury of the femoral artery.
3.
Problem. Removed from the water a man with no signs of life. Pulse and respiration are
absent, no heart sounds are heard.What is the sequence of first aid?
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12.
1. .
2.

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1.
2.

Do gazootvedenie of the colon.


Choose products for infusion therapy (detoxification action).
3.
Problem. If you have suffered a car accident 2 people. One of them clothes and face
covered with blood on his forehead is incised wound 3 cm, which implies the blood. The victim

is conscious, restless, pulse and respiration normal. The second victim is no visible damage, but
complained of headache, nausea, and the circumstances preceding the accident does not
remember. How serious are these injuries? To which the patient must first be helped and what
they have in the first place should be directed to the hospital?
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13.
1.
.
2. .
3. . .
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Pick up required for the final stop bleeding tools and products.
2.
Determine the presence of a fracture on radiographs.
3.
Problem. In the electric train suddenly deteriorated state of one of the passengers. There
were severe chest pain, radiating to the left arm, neck, feeling short of breath, dizziness,
weakness. The face is pale, frightened, pulse 50 per minute, weak filling, breathing fast.What is
the cause of the serious condition? What is first aid?
1.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14.
1. .
2. .
3. . ,
.
.
?
1.
2.

Determine the blood type of the ABO system.


Place the incontinence bag.
3.
Problem. Going ahead of you man suddenly fell, jerking of the limbs at the time of your
approaching an end. When viewed can be seen clamped in his hand hanging from elektrostolba
bare electric wire. What is the sequence of first aid?
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1. .
2. .
. .
1.
2.

Perform a cleansing enema.


Perform techniques to restore airway patency.Problem. Determine the severity of blood

loss
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100/60 ...
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?
1.

Make the drug enema.


2.
Make the process of bedsores.
3.
Problem. Male 30 years on the job dropped from a height of 8 m, lost consciousness.
When viewed in the parietal region was found bleeding wound size 10h4 cm from the nasal
passages and mouth stands the blood through the skin of the right shoulder stands a sharp
splinter of bone. Pulse was 120 per minute, soft, good filling, blood pressure 100/60 mm
HgWhat happened to the victims? What and in what sequence should I do if first aid? Which
hospital should be sent to the victim? How to arrange transportation?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17.
1. .
2. .
3. .
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Make a siphon enema.
Apply vosimiobraznuyu bandage.
3.
Problem. The elderly man in a state of extreme intoxication vomiting occurred, during
which he fell and lost consciousness. On examination, dilated pupils, breathing rare, the pulse
of the of peripheral and central arteries is not defined.What explains the above situation? What
should I do?
1.

2.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18.
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, 60/40 ...
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1.
2.

Prepare your system for intravenous infusion.


Apply a bandage on a finger of the hand.
3.
Problem. With the introduction of a patient having a wound shank, tetanus toxoid, he
suddenly turned pale, cold sweat, there was a shortness of breath, the participation of pulse,

blood pressure dropped to 60/40 mm HgWhat explains the sudden deterioration of the patient?
What should I do?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 19.
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1.
2.

Perform gastric lavage.


Make an intramuscular injection.
3.
Problem. Man long time was on the street in tight shoes and cold in an inactive state, the
air temperature - 10-15C. House increased body temperature, there was a chill, have significant
pain in the feet. Foot purple-bluish color, swollen, edema spreads to the legs, on the back side
surface of the feet have blisters filled with liquid white. The sensitivity of the skin of fingers
missing, with the feeling of the foot sharply painful.What is the nature of the injury? What is
first aid?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 20.
1. .
2. .
. .
1.
2.

Make the drainage of the stomach.


Complete infiltration anesthesia.Problem. Determine the size and depth of the burn.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 21.
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1. Apply a tourniquet in case of damage the brachial artery.
2. Perform chest compressions.
3. Problem. Suddenly, from the nasal passages began copious blood. The patient is concerned,
blows his nose, spitting blood, partly swallows her.How to stop nose bleeding? What position
should be given to the patient? Do I need to bring the patient to the hospital?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22.
1. .
2. .
3. . 62 .
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100/60 ..., , 15 .
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1.

Determine the blood type of the ABO system.


2.
2. Put a bandage on the elbow.
3.
3. Problem. Female 62 years old received the news of the sudden death of her husband.
Screamed and fell unconscious. On examination: pale skin, pulse 92 per minute, blood pressure
100/60 mm Hg, breathing deep, 15 per minute.What should I do? What determines this state?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23.
1. - .
2. .
. - .
1.

Make an active-passive prevention of tetanus.


2.
Apply a bandage on the scalp.
Problem. Make a plan of examination of patients with gastrointestinal bleeding.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 24.
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.
1.
2.

Perform artificial respiration.


Make a puncture of pleural cavity.
3.
Problem. In an elderly woman for a long time suffering from varicose veins of the lower
extremities, suddenly burst varicose knot and began significant bleeding at the side of the leg.
From the wound comes a stream of dark blood. Significant blood loss, so ka everything bathed
in blood. Pulse 100 per minute, skin pale.What emerged bleeding? What are the principles of
the bleeding stop? Describe the sequence of first aid.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 25.

1. .
2. .
. - .
1.
2.

Determine the blood type of the ABO system.


Make a puncture of pleural cavity.
Problem. Make a plan of examination of patients with purulent-septic diseases.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 26.
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.
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Perform assessment of the suitability of blood for transfusion.
2.
Perform bladder catheterization.
3.
Problem. Fat woman slipped and fall on the buttocks. At the moment of impact
rezchayshie have back pain, which is impossible because the slightest movement. Soon, she felt
numbness in the lower extremities. The slightest attempt to change the situation causing severe
pain. A sharp pain occurs when the feeling back.What emerged damage? What is it dangerous?
Do you need transportation immobilization? How to transport the victim to the hospital?
1.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27.
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1. Perform cardio-pulmonary resuscitation.
2. Remove the stitches from the wound.
3. Problem. If you fall on the outstretched hand there was a sharp pain in the shoulder joint,
expressed its deformation. Movement in the joint became impossible, and the limb snaps into an
unnatural position, significantly shortening it.What type of injury the victim? What is first aid?
Do you need medical assistance?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28.
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2. .
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1. Determine the blood type of the ABO system.
2. Apply the patch "cap Hippocrates."
3. Problem. Being on the logging work, the worker fell from a height, hitting the back of the
dumped tree. Having severe pain in the back, greatly aggravated by motion, the motion of the
lower extremities complicated.What is damaged? What is first aid? How to deliver the victim to
a hospital if there is no litter?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 29.
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1. Pick up the preparations for fluid resuscitation (hemodynamic effect).
2. Follow the puncture of pleural cavity.
3. Problem. The elderly man, because of the disease (stroke), located on the long-term bed rest,
for 5 days was not a chair, so that there is no appetite, marked weakness. The abdomen is
increased in volume, but no pain.How to help a patient? Can I use the siphon enema?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 30.
1.

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1. Choose products for infusion therapy (detoxification action).
2. Complete the front of the nose tamponade.
3. Problem. As a result of dog bites on his feet an unknown woman had presented many
lacerations, moderate bleeding.What is first aid? Do I need rabies vaccine and when?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31.
1. .
2. .

3. .
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.
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1. Determine the blood type of the ABO system.2. Perform a cleansing enema.3. Problem. As a
result of car accident the lower limbs of one of the victims were crushed by overturned vehicle.
Within 2 hours it was not possible to release the limb.What should be first aid, when the limbs
are freed from gravity?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32.
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2. .
3. . ,
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.
?
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1. Complete the back of the nose tamponade.
2. Put on sterile gloves on their own.
3. Problem. The old woman fell, resulting in pain appeared in the hip. Women can not rise
because of the pain, any limb movement dramatically increases the pain.What emerged
damage? What is the sequence of first aid? Where and how to deliver a victim?
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 33.
1. .
2. .
. .
1. Make the measurement of central venous pressure.
2. Make the training system for infusion therapy.Problem. Identify the symptoms of heart
failure and breathing.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 34.
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3. . ; ,
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.
1. Perform chest compressions.
2. Perform bladder catheterization.
3. Problem. The man hit by a car, getting hit, he fell and hit his head on the pavement. The
incident did not remember, complains of headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting. In the
occipital region contused wound of the ear canal bleeding. Obvious signs of damage to the bone
there.Why the severity of the victim, and what is needed first aid? What are the basic rules of
transportation for a given fault.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 35.
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3. .
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1. Perform artificial respiration.
2. Perform gastric lavage.
3. Problem. Due to careless movement boiling milk fell on the forearm and wrist. Skin is bright
red, a lot of blisters filled with fluid. Concerned about severe pain.What is first aid? Should I
open the blisters, burnt grease the surface of the fat, ointment? Do I need to apply a bandage?
How to reduce the pain?
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 36.
1. .
2. .
3. . .
5 , .
.
?
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1. To determine the blood group of ABO system.
2. Install the air duct.
3. Problem. Unknown struck teenager stabbed in the stomach. When viewed from a wound on
the anterior abdominal wall of a length of 5 cm, moderate bleeding. In the loop of bowel had the
wound.What is the sequence of first aid? How to close a wound in the absence of sterile
bandages? How to transport the wounded to the hospital?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37.
1. .
2. .

3. .
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1. Spend a finger examination of the rectum.
2. Perform an intramuscular injection.
3. Problem. As a result, ignition and explosion of kerosene tank ignited clothing on one of the
workers. With the flame extinguished canvas. Smoldering clothing is filled with water. There
are burns on the face. Condition of the victim rapidly deteriorating, he slowed down,
indifferent, pulse frequent, shallow breathing.What explains the serious condition? What is first
aid? How to transport the victim?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 38.
1.
.
2. .
3. .
, .
.
?
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1. Pick up required for the final stop bleeding products and tools.
2. Put a bandage on the wrist.
3. Problem. An employee of a farm animal in the stall cleaning injures his hand on a nail driven
into the wall. Arisen abrasion processed alcoholic solution of iodine and remained at work.Was
the woman? What are the dangers resulting damage to the surface of the skin? As they should
do in this case?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 39.
1. .
2. .
3. . .
31,5 , .
,
, .
?
1. Put on sterile gown without the aid of an operating sister.
2. Make gazootvedenie of the colon.
3. Problem. The young man was stabbed in the chest. Under the right clavicle incised wound
measuring 3x1, 5 cm, which implies the frothy blood. At the disposal of the bottle are assisting
with an alcoholic solution of iodine, sterile cellophane bag, non-sterile bandage.What is first
aid?

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40.
1. .
2. .
3. . , .
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1. Perform assessment of the suitability of blood or blood transfusions to the drug.
2. Follow subcutaneous injection.
3. Problem. The child fell from a tree, hitting his chest against a hard object. Moaning in pain,
breathing shallow, frequent. Pain dramatically worse when coughing, changing body position.
Feeling of chest sharply painful under the skin is determined by the crunch - the sound is
reminiscent of crunching snow.What is damaged? Is it dangerous to damage? How to help the
victim?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 41.
1. .
2. .
3. . . ,
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.
? ?
?
1. Perform assessment of the suitability of blood or blood transfusions to the drug.
2. Complete the back of the nose tamponade.
3. Problem. Going ahead of you man suddenly collapsed. Approaching the fallen, you find that
person makes convulsive respiratory movements, his face bluish, eyes wide, heart rate is not
determined, no heart sounds are heard, that is, There are all signs of circulatory arrest.What is
first aid? What is its consistency? How to organize transportation to the hospital?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 42.
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2. .
3. . , , ,
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,
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1. Perform test on the compatibility of individual blood donor and recipient.
2. Apply a bandage on the knee joint.

3. Problem. In the garage, which has no ventilation, found a man lying by the car with the
engine. Against the background of pale skin visible bright red spots, no breathing, heart rate is
not determined, the pupils are wide, auscultated heart sounds muffled.What happened? In what
state is the victim?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 43.
1. .
2. .
3. . ,
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1. Perform intravenous infusion.
2. Do superficial puncture fluid buildup.
3. Problem. The victim drank an unknown liquid, and then felt a sharp pain in the mouth, chest
and abdomen. On examination, restless, tossing in pain, repeated vomiting with blood. In the
mucosa of the lips, tongue, mouth sores can be seen raids and yellow-green color. Breathing is
difficult.What happened poisoning? What is first aid?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 44.
1. .
2. .
3. . , ,
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.
?
?
1. Determine the blood type of the ABO system.
2. Make the process of bedsores.
3. Problem. Your neighbor in the apartment, coming home from work at night, found her
husband lying on the couch unconscious, breathing in his noisy, with wheezing, audible at a
distance, pulse frequent, weak. The windows in the room are closed to the windowsill
chlorophos spray bottle.What is the cause of severe poisoning? What are the principles of first
aid and transport characteristics of the patient in a hospital?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 45.
1. .
2. , .
3. . , , ,
, .
.
? ?

1. Perform bladder catheterization.


2. Perform venipuncture, blood samples from a vein.
3. Problem. An elderly man tripped and fell on his hands - there was a sharp pain in the wrist,
increasing with every movement of the brush. Dramatically changed the configuration of the
joint and the radius.What emerged damage? What are the objectives and techniques of first aid?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 46.
1. - .
2. .
3. .
. ( 5 , 50
).
?
1. Perform active - passive prevention of tetanus.
2. Perform chest compressions.
3. Problem. As a result of blunt impact occurred a significant epistaxis. Are available in wool
and cloth strips (width 5 cm, length 50 cm).What is the sequence of first aid?
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 47.
1. .
2. .
3. .
.
, .
?
1. Perform an intramuscular injection.
2. Apply a spica.
3. Problem. As a result of knife wounds had the strong arterial bleeding from the popliteal
artery. No tools and no dressing, but their own clothes.What is the sequence of first aid?
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 48.
1. .
2. .
3. . .
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, , ,
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?
1. Determine the blood type of the ABO system.
2. Put the retaining bandage on the ankle.

3. Problem. When unloading the car rolled down a beam crushed the man. He complains of
severe pain in the pelvic area, the inability to move his legs. The victim was pale, skin cold and
covered with clammy sweat, the pulse frequent, weak content.What is the nature of the injury?
What explains the serious condition of the victim? What is the sequence of first aid?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 49.
1. .
2. .
3. .
.
? ?
1. Place the incontinence bag.
2. Perform artificial respiration.
3. Problem. In setting up drug enema in a patient came severe abdominal pain and isolation,
along with the water a considerable quantity of blood.How do you explain the above condition?
What should I do?
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 50.
1. .
2. .
3. . 43 2
, .
.
.
? ?
1. Make a hypertonic enema.2. Apply a bandage desault.3. Problem. Male 43 years rushing and
loud moans of suddenly started two hours ago, severe pain in the lumbar region, favoring the
left thigh and scrotum. Notes increased frequency of urination and red coloration of urine. A
similar attack was a year ago.What kind of disease you can think of? What should I do?
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