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II. Materiale i cercetri

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Urme de practic ritual n aezarea tripolian gigant de la Maydanetske


Rezumat
Situl de lng satul Maydanetske, raionul Talnovsky, regiunea Cherkasy prezint una din cele mai bine studiate
aezri-gigant din arealul culturii Tripole. Analiza materialelor acumulate n procesul de cercetare a aezrii Maydanetske permite atestarea ritualurilor de trei nivele, condiionate de structura proto-oraelor din acea perioad.
Ritualele de nivelul nti sunt legate de unele construcii concrete complexe de locuire i gospodreti (locuine).
Ritualele de nivelul doi erau practicate n anumite poriuni ale aezrii i sunt puse n legtur cu unele construcii
cu caracter obtesc (complexul ), iar cele de nivelul trei cuprindeau ntreaga aezare (inclusiv i obiceiul de
prsire a aezrilor).

142

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Lista ilustraiilor:
Fig. 1. Planul aezrii-gigant de la Maydanetske: A - prospeciunea geo-magnetic realizat de V.P. Dudkin;
B - planul poriunii de teren unde au fost investigate construciile.
Fig. 2. Construcia M: 1 - poriuni vopsite ale podelei de la etajul doi; 2 - planul construciei de la nivelul etajului
doi (1 - conturul aglomeraiei de lut ars; 2 - denivelri; 3 - rmie de la construcia podiumului; 4 - vase
distruse; 5 - pietre de rni); 3 - reconstituirea planimetriei etajului doi (1 - denivelri; 2 - podium; 3 - vase
distruse; 4 - perei); 4 - variant de reconstituire a construciei .
Fig. 3. Piese descoperite n complexul locativ : 1 - tesl din cupru; 2 - tezaur de pandantive din dini de cerb.
Fig. 4. Complexul locativ . Detalii ornamentate ale altarului.
Fig. 5. Construcia . Vase din interiorul construciei.
Fig. 6. Jetoane i o strachin miniatural din groapa de cult a construciei .
Fig. 7. Figurine antropomorfe i zoomorfe din aezarea-gigant Maydanetske: 1-3 - groapa din construcia ;
4 - gropile din construciile i ; 5 - groapa din construcia .

Traces of the ritual practice at a large Trypillian culture settlement near Maydanetske
Abstract
A settlement near the village of Maydanetske in the Talnovsky Region of Cherkasy Oblast is one of the most wellstudied giant settlements of Trypillian Culture. Analysis of the materials accumulated in the course of research at
Maydanetske reveals three levels of rituals, probably due to the structure of the ancient settlements, which are considered as centers of chiefdoms. The rituals of the first level are related to specific buildings-housings and economic
systems (dwellings). The second level of the ritual activity brings together a group of dwellings, or certain parts
of the settlement and related social structures (like the complex M). The third level acts as a whole settlement
(including the rite of its abandonment).
List of illustrations:
Fig. 1. Plan of Maydanetske mega-site: A - after magnetic prospection (V. Dudkin); B - part with excavated remains
of dwellings.
Fig. 2. Building M: 1 - part of the painted floor; 2 - plan of the second floor (1 - contours of remains; 2 - elevations;
3 - remains of podium; 4 - broken pots; 5 - millstone ); 3 - reconstruction of the second floor planning (1 - elevations; 2 - podium; 3 - pottery; 4 - walls); 4 - reconstruction of the building M
Fig. 3. Finds from building and decorated part of altar.
Fig. 4. Group of buildings : broken pottery under remains of a dwelling.
Fig. 5. Building : broken pottery and remains of a ceiling.
Fig. 6. Tokens and miniature dish from the sacred pit at building .
Fig. 7. Figurines from Maydanetske: 1-3 - pit under dwelling ; 4 - pits from dwellings and ; 5 - pit from
dwelling .

30.03.2013
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, 12, 04210 , , e-mail: nbburdo@gmail.com

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