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PART ONE
Nouns
Orientation: Daniel Radcliffe
1.1. Read the biography of a very famous actor and fill in the
correct variant.
AN ACHIEVER WORTH MILLIONS
Daniel Jacob Radcliffe was born in July 1989 in West London. It was at the age of five that he said he would like to be an
actor. At ten, he made his acting debut in the BBC televised (1)
two-part / two-parts adaptation of David Copperfield.
After the release of the first (2) Harry Potter / Harry Potters
movie, it became hard to attend (3) studies / school. Some (4)
student / students turned hostile. The actor said it was just trying
to have a crack at the famous kid rather than jealousy. Anyway,
Radcliffe continued his education through tutors. The actor admitted he was not very good at (5) school / class.
However, he did achieve A grades in the three (6) A-level /
A-levels but then decided not to go to college or university. He
already knew he wanted to act and write. Another reason was it
would be difficult to have a normal college experience. The paparazzi, theyd love it, he said. If there was any (7) party / parties going on, theyd be there, and it would be all of that stuff.
The first Harry Potter film was released in 2001. Radcliffe
got a (8) seven- figure / seven-figures salary for the lead role, and
his parents chose to invest the (9) money / finances for him. The
film broke records for opening day (10) sale / sales and opening
weekend (11) taking / takings. With almost a billion dollars in
ticket sales, the film stands as the most commercially successful
in the (12) series / serieses.
Then more films followed. You have seen them all, of course,
havent you? The final film, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was released worldwide in Australia in July 2011. Radcliffe
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said not once that some (13) public / people would never be able
to separate him from the (14) character / hero but also stated he
is proud to be associated with the book personage forever.
Radcliffe is a (15) fan / amateur of underground and punk
rock music, and is a keen follower of cricket. Writing short stories and poetry is also a passion. He has supported various (16)
charity / charities. Some of his (17) royalty / royalties went directly to (18) childrens / childrens hospices.
He is a very rich young man now. He has earned (19) million
/ millions for the Potter movies. In 2010, the actor was reported
to have personal (20) asset / assets of 28.5 million pounds. That
makes him richer than Princes William and Harry. What is his
main expense then? Well, you will never believe that. Its buying
books. Daniel Radcliffe, who turned 25 this year, reads a lot. And
its a good model to follow, by the way.
1.2. Fill in the table.
Singular
wife
knife
life
roof
leaf
proof
wolf
safe
grief
half
thief
calf
shelf
gulf
cliff

Plural (ending in -ves)

Plural (ending in -fs)

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Part One. Nouns

1.3. Choose the right variant (singular or plural).


AN IDEAL PLACE FOR KIDS
The Oakland Farm is a paradise for (1) child / children who
love animals. In fact, there are so many (2) specie / species living on the (3) premise / premises that its impossible to stay in
one place for long. One is anxious to see everything for domestic (4) animal / animals of all (5) kind / kinds are always there,
friendly and cool. When our (6) class / classes were there, we
had a (7) serie / series of pleasant moments feeding (8) sheep
/ sheeps and (9) deer / deers, as well as watching a couple of
(10) cow / cows and (11) ox / oxen and other (12) cattle / cattles. Those animals did have huge (13) hoofs / hooves! Our visit
was meant to be a (14) mean / means of helping us to understand how nature lives. When the visit was over we said our
(15) thank / thanks and went home. Its a pity we couldnt stay
longer.
1.4. Choose the right variant (singular, plural or possessive).
A SHOP NOT TO BE MISSED
It was quite a (1) curiosity / curiosities / curiositys shop.
I have never been to a place so fascinating. I mean one could
find there all kinds of (2) stuff / stuffs / stuff s including (3)
grandfather / grandfathers / grandfathers clocks, vintage (4)
photo / photos / photoes and strange-looking (5) box / boxes /
boxs on the (6) shelfs / shelves / shelf s. In the corner I saw,
quite unexpectedly, quite a brand-new table to play (7) billiard
/ billiards / billiards. There also was a set of delicate ivory (8)
chess / chesses / chesss figures. Models of military (9) craft
/ crafts / crafts were hanging everywhere. To be honest, the
entire (10) surrounding / surroundings / surroundings did look
strange indeed.
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1.5. Fill in the table.


Singular

Plural

a watch

Singular

Plural

a glass
means

a mouse

criteria
a craft

works
a fish

passers-by
a species

headquarters
a cliff

hypotheses
a forget-me-not

countries
a tomato

whereabouts
a paper

series

theses

1.6. Choose the right variant.


THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING MILITARY-MINDED
Many of the future (1) commanders-in-chief / commanderin-chiefs were fond of military (2) game / games in their childhood. They dreamed about the (3) heros / heroes of the old
days, and wanted to learn more about the (4) histories / historys
of their (5) lives / lifes. To them, those were the (6) men of glory
/ men of glories! That is why from their early years would-be
generals had courage, they had (7) beliefs / believes and they
would rather live in the (8) barracks / barrack than stay at the
(9) headquarters / headquarter far away from real battle. Small
wonder their (10) troop / troops loved them and were ready for
anything.
1.7. Choose the right variant (countable or uncountable).
ONE OF THE SECRETS OF GOOD COOKING
In todays cookery program Id like to address a request for
(1) an information / information about which type of (2) chocolate / chocolates to use in cooking. Well, my (3) advice is / advices are always to use the best possible chocolate you can find. Its
the same principle as with (4) wines / wine: in cooking always
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Part One. Nouns

use (5) an equivalent quality / equivalent quality to what you eat


or drink. With chocolate, the reason for this is that higher quality
chocolate will always give your cakes (6) better / a better taste.
To judge the quality of chocolate, look at the amount of cocoa in
the chocolate. Good quality chocolate has more cocoa solids and
(7) less sugar / fewer sugars. For the best taste choose chocolate
with a high cocoa (8) contents / content never (9) fewer than /
less than 70 per cent cocoa solids. It goes without saying that you
should also use other (10) ingredient / ingredients of the highest
quality, too. If, for example, youre using coffee in your chocolate recipe, always use (11) a strong coffee / strong coffee. If
youre making (12) a cake / cake, use the right kind of (13) flours
/ flour, and always weigh the ingredients on your kitchen (14)
scale / scales. Believe me, if you follow these simple rules, the
next time you bake a chocolate cake, there wont be (15) a slice
/ slice left over!
1.8. Choose the right variant (singular / plural).
THE MIRACLE OF OPRAH WINFREY
Oprah Winfrey is one of the most amazing (1) persons / people of today. By the (2) time / times she was twelve, she had
already decided on a career. Not long afterwards, she got (3) a
job / work on the radio. Although she hadnt had any (4) experience / experiences, she became a news reporter. She possessed a
talent for finding (5) a / most interesting news. When she got
her own TV chat show, she had already acted in a major Hollywood film. By the late 1980s, Oprah Winfrey had become a (6)
household / households word. Then she decided to improve the
(7) quality / qualities of chat show themes. She also made (8) a
/ personal change. She had always had a weight problem but
in 1995, TV viewers saw a new Winfrey. She had lost almost
40 kilos as a result of dieting and working out. She had also competed in a marathon. She really is (9) an / inspiration to many
(10) people / peoples.
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1.9. Choose the correct variant (singular or plural).


CAN ANYONE BE AN INVENTOR?
Did you know that two university (1) thought up the idea
of the first personal computer? Whats more, they put it together
in a garage. (2) dont have to come out of fancy laboratories.
Average people in classrooms, kitchens and home workshops often dream up new and useful ideas.
The ability to think of something new seems like (3) to
many people but in fact anyone can develop the qualities of an
inventor. First, inventors follow their curiosity and (4) . They
are not (5) stealing other peoples ideas. Sometimes natural
(6) give rise to interesting discoveries.
The Swiss inventor George de Mestral wanted to find out the
reason it was so hard to remove burrs from his dogs coat. His
answer led to the idea for Velcro, now used to fasten everything
from trainers and other personal (7) to space suits. Second, inventors use (8) to put things together in new ways. Walter Morrison watched two men throwing a pan to each other and thought
up the Frisbee, one of the most popular toys in the world.
Perhaps most important, successful inventors dont give up.
They are not just (9) wandering aimlessly through life. Inventors continuously look up information about their ideas and try
new designs out until they succeed. And we have to express our
(10) to many of them for lots of things we use daily!
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

A applicants
A inventions
A wonder
A trusts
A robbers
A phenomena
A belonging
A definition
A passer-bys
A thank

B dropouts
B news
B miracle
B beliefs
B burglars
B formulae
B belongings
B reasoning
B passer-by
B thanks

C teachers
C novelties
C magic
C thoughts
C thiefs
C objects
C possessions
C dreams
C passers-by
C thank you

D assistants
D innovations
D sorcery
D reasons
D thieves
D things
D subjects
D imagination
D passer-byes
D thanks

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Part One. Nouns

1.10. Read the biography and decide which choice A, B, C


or best fits the space.
JUST AN AVERAGE KID
Im like any other kid, says Sean Belnick. And he is
like any 22-year-old running a $37-million-dollar (1) from his
University dorm room.
Belnick began his company in the summer of 2001, when he
had a little (2) on his hands. Instead of working on his tan or
getting a (3) at the local ice cream parlor, the then fourteenyear-old decided to try something hed been thinking about. He
started a chair company.
His stepfather sold office furniture. Belnick thought this could
be done over the Internet, with a website and a toll-free telephone
(4) . Belnick used $500 in (5) to give his idea a try. A techsavvy youngster, he designed the website for his new company,
BizChair.com.
It was a hobby, Sean recollects but gradually the business
grew. Today it employs 90 people at its 327,000-square-foot (6)
in Canton, GA. It imports many of its (7) from China and
offers all types of office furniture, as well as school furniture,
stackable chairs, and some medical (8) . From May through
August, Belnick works at his company full time, but during the
school year the business takes a back seat. Seans stepfather manages its day-to-day (9) then, and Belnick spends about an hour
each day answering emails and dealing with company (10) .
This arrangement allows him to focus on his studies and enjoy
college life. Business and school overlap when classroom topics
speak to BizChair.coms (11) .
Several courses last year were particularly valuable in this regard. Belnicks finance classes taught him a lot about financial
performance metrics, and the effects on a company of raising
capital (12) he has already used while searching for additional financing for his company, which is growing aggressively
despite the soft economy. Also, he has benefited from an opera11

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tions class that helped him think about things in a more operational way.
Belnick plans to return to BizChair.com full time after he
graduates in May. Until then, hell go to classes, enjoy fraternity life, hang out with his friends, listen to music, and generally
live the life of an ordinary student. Sometimes, he observes,
school feels like a break.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

A firm
A rest
A post
A line
A loan
A headquarters
A wares
A device
A steps
A matters
A demands
A data

B enterprise
B time
B vacancy
B call
B capital
B center
B products
B equipment
B actions
B issues
B necessities
B knowledge

C business
C vacation
C work
C talk
C some
C house
C production
C techniques
C operations
C problems
C needs
C advice

D deal
D relaxation
D job
D operator
D savings
D campus
D goods
D technology
D activities
D questions
D wishes
D recommendation

1.11. Choose the correct variant.


PARKOUR, A MODERN CRAZE
Parkour (from the French word, meaning course) is a new
(1) which takes place in towns. The aim is to get over, under
or through natural obstacles like hedges, or man-made (2) like
buildings, in the fastest, most direct manner possible. The sport
demands great (3) and combines (4) , dance and (5) .
Participants in the (6) are called traceurs and are expected to
improvise their movements rather than rehearse them. However,
in order not to cause themselves serious (7) as they run up
walls or jump from rooftop to rooftop, they have to learn good
jumping and landing (8) .
In the UK parkour really took off after it was featured on television but it actually originated in the (9) of Paris in 1988. In its
early days there were no tricks for their own (10) but later after
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Part One. Nouns

it became really popular, some participants started doing interesting things for show like mid-air flips. However, many traceurs
claim that unnecessary moves are not part of real parkour.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

A action
A subjects
A agility
A body-building
A gymnastics
A game
A bruise
A technologies
A outskirts
A beauty

B activity
B things
B craftsmanship
B athletics
B aerobics
B sport
B wound
B manners
B suburbs
B pleasure

C pastime
C objects
C speed
C weight-lifting
C acrobatics
C hobby
C trauma
C techniques
C regions
C sake

D sport
D places
D energy
D arm wrestling
D calisthenics
D race
D injury
D devices
D areas
D fun

1.12. Spot the mistake.


1. The number of schools (1) dropouts is (2) going down in
every (3) part of the (4) country.
2. The building next-door (1) houses a (2) music school and
the sound of a dozen (3) pianoes (4) always accompanies my life.
3. My sister is an (1) artist so our room is littered with (2)
paints and brushs (3) and the like (4).
4. Mr. Jamesons (1) politics is (2) very conservative so he can
hardly (3) expect to win in (4) the coming election.
5. Five kilos (1) are (2) too much (3) for a woman to carry (4).
6. I think our kitchen scale (1) need fixing (2) they keep
showing (3) the wrong (4) weight.
7. Some people keep their personal savings (1) at home, others (2) trust it (3) to the banks (4).
8. My family is (1) always getting together at (2) Christmas
and Easter it`s a (3) long-standing tradition with (4) us.
9. Good looks (1) is (2) what we notice when we meet somebody for the first time (3), our understanding of a persons character usually comes (4) later.
10. Dominoes (1) arent (2) just a game (3) for old age pensioners, it can be a real sport (4).
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11. World Airways (1) has (2) bought twenty new aircrafts (3)
which improved the (4) quality of service.
12. After a (1) quarrel with his girlfriend Paul found his belonging (2) outside (3) in (4) the yard.
13. The Internet (1) is a (2) good source of information though
(3) not all of them (4) is accurate.
14. Some people think that if (1) they dont eat loaf (2) they
will (3) definitely lose weight (4).
15. They have used a new kind of plastic (1) for the (2) crash
helmet so it is as light as a (3) paper but much stronger (4).
16. Could you tell me (1) if this (2) sandwich contains (3) a
(4) chicken?
17. Football fans (1) caused a great deal (2) of damages (3) to
(4) the stadium.
18. Could (1) you put a chocolate (2) on top (3) of my cappuccino (4), please?
19. The (1) concert was wonderful but the (2) acoustics in the
concert hall was (3) far from (4) ideal.
20. The vase is made of (1) a glass (2), not plastic, so (3) don`t
you drop it (4).

Nouns and Concord


1.13. Choose the right verb.
1. A group of teenagers in the town (has / have) organized
a scheme to help old people with their shopping.
2. A number of people (has / have) complained about the
noise.
3. Do you think three pounds (is / are) a big enough tip?
4. Hamburger and chips (is / are) not a very healthy lunch.
5. In the latest rail union vote, the majority (has / have) voted
to go on strike; the rest of the members (is / are) expected to support the strike fairly solidly.
6. Two kilos (is / are) pretty small for a newborn baby.
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Part One. Nouns

7. Our teenage son thinks there (is / are) a number of good


reasons for staying up late and having a good time.
8. More than one house in our street (has / have) been broken
into recently.
9. A couple of dangerous-looking men (is / are) waiting for
you outside.
10. One of my friends (has / have) just won two free plane
tickets to New York.
11. Six weeks (is / are) a long time to wait for news of your
family.
12. The majority of the childrens parents (is / are) unemployed.
13. A lot of shops (is / are) opening on Sundays now.
14. The Philippines (has / have) signed the new human rights
agreement.
15. The police think that more than one person (was / were)
in the stolen car.
1.14. Spot the mistake.
1. Cons family (1) was (2) in the process (3) of having tea
when we arrived (4).
2. The police (1) isnt (2) not fools: that man did not believe a
word (3) of what I said (4).
3. When he came, the (1) junior baseball team was practicing
(2) on (3) the school field (4).
4. The (1) summons have been (2) already overdue (3) which
(4) was strange.
5. The job is unpaid (1), but the number of (2) people are (3)
willing to undertake (4) it.
6. Politics (1) have always interested (2) me but more as (3)
a hobby (4).
7. There is (1) a couple of (2) things I have to do (3) most
urgently (4).
8. The (1) board has been (2) extraordinarily (3) kind to (4)
you.
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9. There has been (1) a few (2) little craft (3) anchored in the
harbor (4).
10. The (1) most of the books (2) lying around have been unwrapped (3) but not registered yet (4).
1.15. Put one of the nouns in each of the sentences.
heavens, sights, feelings, authorities, arms,
terms, talks, expenses, odds, dislikes
1. The shoplifter was arrested and handed over to the .
2. The opened and we had to run for cover to avoid getting
wet.
3. United think they can win but I suspect the are heavily
against them.
4. What are you going to do in Paris? Oh, just see the .
5. I think we need to negotiate the of this agreement.
6. Im sorry. I didnt mean to hurt your .
7. The right to bear is written into the US constitution.
8. The ongoing peace have had no success so far.
9. Do you need to claim for the trip?
10. As far as food is concerned, do you have any particular
likes or ?
1.16. Put one of the nouns in each of the sentences.
means, interests, powers, hopes, movements,
sands, travels, basics, matters, waters
1. They keep changing the aims of the project and I feel Im
on shifting
2. He told me all his and fears.
3. I cant give you permission: youll have to ask the supreme
.
4. I hear hes off on his again.
5. What are your over the next few days?
6. They discussed a range of important
16

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Part One. Nouns

7. We have to get back to to understand why the software


wont work.
8. The oil rig was based in offshore
9. Camels are the main of transport in the desert.
10. In the of the neighbors, could you please leave quietly?
1.17. Make uncountable nouns countable. Fill each gap with
a word from the list to complete the common phrase. Some nouns
must be used more than once.
bit, drop, heap, hint, piece, pinch, shred, slice
1. There isnt a of evidence against this man!
2. Before serving, add a of salt to taste.
3. Oh dear, I think I just felt a of rain.
4. I came across a very interesting of information.
5. I dont have much for breakfast; usually just a cup of tea
and a of toast.
6. Marias quite upset, and could do with a of support at
the moment.
7. There was a of anger in his voice.
8. There was a of clothes in the middle of the floor.
9. A of pepper would have improved the taste. Why not
use it?
10. Luckily, only one of antique furniture was damaged
by the fire.
1.18. Make the right choice.
GOSSIP WITH THE GIRLS
Women are experts at gossiping, and (1) most of them / the
most of them always talk about trivial things, or at least thats
what the majority of men (2) have / has always thought. However,
some new research (3) suggests / suggest that when women talk
to women, (4) a little number of / a great number of their conversations (5) are / is far from frivolous, and cover (6) many more /
much more topics (up to 40) than when men talk to other men.
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Womens conversations range from health to their houses,


from politics to fashion, from films to family, from education to
relationship problems. Men tend to have (7) a more / the more
limited range of subjects, the most popular being work, sport,
jokes, cars, and women. According to Professor Petra Boynton
who interviewed over 1000 women, (8) most / the most women
also tend to move quickly from one subject to another in conversation, whereas three quarters of men usually (9) stick / sticks to
one subject for longer periods of time.
At work, this difference can be an advantage for men, where
they can put other matters aside and concentrate fully on the
topic being discussed. On the other hand, it also means that men
sometimes find it hard to concentrate when (10) a number of /
the number of things have to be discussed at the same time in a
meeting.
1.19. Complete the text with English equivalents.
THE MYSTERY OF JACK THE RIPPER
One of the great unsolved murder mysteries of all time is that of
Jack the Ripper. In the autumn of 1888 a brutal murderer walked
the dark, foggy streets of London, terrorizing (1)
. The victims were (2) and the police
seemed powerless to stop the murders. (3)
among Londoners was increased by a letter sent by the murderer
to Scotland Yard. In the letter he made fun of the attempts to
catch him. It finished, Yours truly, Jack the Ripper. This was (4)
sent to the police. The murders continued (5) seven in total. But in November, they
suddenly stopped after (6) of terror.
Jack the Ripper was never caught and (7)
historians, writers, policemen, and detectives (8) to
discover and prove his identity. (9) have
been written and many films made about the murders. But the
question Who was Jack the Ripper? has remained unanswered.
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..............................................................................3
PART ONE. Nouns .....................................................................5
Orientation: Daniel Radcliffe.................................................5
Nouns and Concord .............................................................14
Nouns in the Possessive Case ..............................................20
Word Formation: the use of Suffixes ...................................22
Word Formation: the use of Prefixes ...................................40
Achievement test on Nouns .................................................49
PART TWO. Pronouns ..............................................................54
Orientation: Usain Bolt ........................................................54
Achievement Test on Pronouns ...........................................71
PART THREE. Verbs ................................................................74
Orientation: Emma Watson ..................................................74
Present Simple / Present Continuous ...................................75
Past Simple / Past Continuous .............................................77
Present Perfect / Past Simple /
Present Perfect Continuous .............................................81
Past Simple / Past Perfect / Past Continuous /
Past Perfect Continuous ..................................................83
Ways of Expressing the Future ............................................85
Verbs In The Passive Voice ..................................................88
Conditional Sentences .........................................................95
Verbs: Mixed Bag ................................................................98
Word Formation for Verbs .................................................107
Achievement Test on Verbs ...............................................116
PART FOUR. Verbals .............................................................120
Orientation: Catherine Middleton ......................................120
Achievement Test on Verbals.............................................136
PART FIVE. Conjunctions ......................................................141
Orientation: Kristen Jaymes Stewart .................................141
Achievement Test on Conjunctions ...................................154
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PART SIX. Numerals ..............................................................157


Orientation: Apolo Anton Ohno.........................................157
Achievement Test on Numerals .........................................164
PART SEVEN. Adjectives and Adverbs .................................168
Orientation: Victoria Azarenka ..........................................168
Word Formation .................................................................181
Achievement Test on Adjectives
and Adverbs ..................................................................197
PART EIGHT. Articles ............................................................201
Orientation: Robert Pattinson ............................................201
Achievement Test on Articles ............................................220
PART NINE. Phrasal Verbs.....................................................225
Orientation: Taylor Daniel Lautner....................................225
Achievement Test on Phrasal Verbs ...................................243
Women and the First World War ........................................244
PART TEN. Prepositions.........................................................246
Orientation: Mark Elliot Zuckerberg .................................246
Achievement Test on Prepositions .....................................281
KEYS ......................................................................................284
..................................316

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