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621.311.

001


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, . 
Email: mgsn2006@rambler.ru
, 
0, 5, 6, 11. 7. 
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:
, , , .
Key words:
3phase transformer, group of connection, mathematical model, voltage.



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[1] () 

Y0. 
,
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. , 
, 

. .
[2] 
Y/ 
, ,
,

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[1]. 
[2] .


[3] 



. 


. 
, Y Y0.
, [1, 2].

SIMULINK 
Three"Phase Transformer Inductance Matrix Ty"
pe (Two Windings) [4].
,
. .

: Y0/Y0, Y0/1, Y0/11,


/Y01, /Y011.

SIMULINK, Three"Phase Tran"
sformer 12 Terminals [5], 
, 
12 . 

, , ,

.


, 
,
.


, Y Y0.



, , [6].
(
a, b, c, 
) [7]:
dia1

u1 ra1ia 1 La 1 dt = ua 01 ;

u r i L dib1 = u ;
b 01
b1 b1 b1 b 1 dt

u r i L dic1 = u ;
c 1
c 01
c1 c1 c1
dt

ea 2 ra 2ia 2 = u 2 ;

eb 2 rb 2ib 2 = ub 2 ;

ec 2 rc 2ic 2 = uc 2 ,
(1)

di

ea1 = ua 01 + La1 a1 ;
dt

di

eb1 = ub 01 + Lb1 b1 ;
dt

97

. 2012. . 321. 4

di

ec1 = uc 01 + Lc1 c1 ;
dt

w
di
ea 2 = 2 ua 01 + La 2 a 2 ;
w
dt
1
w
di
eb 2 = 2 ub 01 + Lb 2 b 2 ;
dt
w1
w
di
ec 2 = 2 uc 01 + Lc 2 c 2 .
dt
w1
u , ; i
, ; L 
, ; r ,
; w . 
1 
, 2 
. ea1, eb1, ec1, ea2, eb2 ec2
[8].


Lm
rm :
dia1 w2 dia 2

dt
w
dt
1

di
2
w di
ua 01 = ea 01 = Lm (ia ) b1 + 2 b 2 + +
3 1 dt w1 dt

2 dic1 w2 dic 2
+ dt + w dt
1

w2
i1a + ia 2

w1

di a
2
w2
+ rm
+ rmi a ;
i1b + ib 2 + = Lm (i a )
3 1
w1
dt
(2)

w2
2
+ i1c + w ic 2
1


dib1 w2 dib 2

dt w1 dt

2 dia1 w2 dia 2
+
+
+
ub 01 = eb 01 = Lm (ib )

3 1 dt w1 dt

2 dic1 w2 dic 2
+ dt + w dt
1

w2
ib1 + ib 2

w1

di

2
w
+ rm ia 1 + 2 ia 2 + = Lm (ib ) b + rm ib ;
3 1
w1
dt
(3)

w2
2
+ ic1 + w ic 2
1


98

u 01 = e 01

di1 w2 di 2

dt w1 dt

di
2
w di
= Lm (i ) a1 + 2 a 2 + +
3 1 dt w1 dt

2 dib1 w2 dib 2
+ dt + w dt
1

w2
ic1 + ic 2

w1

di

2
w
+ rm i1a + 2 ia 2 + = Lm (ic ) c + rm ic ,
3 1
dt
w1

(4)

w2
2
+ ib1 + w ib 2
1


i 
.
[9], 

,
. ,
+ ea2, eb2 ec2 
,

.

.
+
/Y11, Y/Y0, /0,
/Y5, Y/Y6, /6. Y
Y0.


, 
, 
(
Lm rm) . 

. ( 
) 

. 

, . . Lm(Ia),
Lm(I), Lm(I) [10].


[8].


240 /Y11

() , . 1 ( 
),
. 2.
, . 3,
[11]. 



. 2, . 3 
.

. 1.

. 3 : 1

; kTP 
.


, . . 

. , , /Y7,

164, 


.

(2)(4) 
a, b, c 
b, c, a.
dia1 w2 dib 2

dt w1 dt

dib1 w2 dic 2
2

+ +
+
u a 01 = ea 01 = Lm (ia )
3 1 dt w1 dt

2 dic1 w2 dia 2

+
+

dt w dt

1

. 2.
240 /Y11

w2
ib 2
ia1 +

w1
2

+ rm
.
3 1

i + w2 i + i + w2 i
2 b1 w1 c 2 c1 w1 a 2

dib1 w2 di 2

dt w1 dt

2
dia1 + w2 dib 2 + +
ub 01 = eb 01 = Lm (ib )
3 1 dt w1 dt

2 dic1 w2 dia 2

+ dt + w dt

1

w2
ic 2
ib1 +

w1
2

+ rm
.
3 1

i + w2 i + i + w2 i
2 a1 w1 b 2 c1 w1 a 2

di1 w2 dia 2

dt
w
dt

di
2
w di
u 01 = e 01 = Lm (i ) a1 + 2 b 2 + +
3 1 dt w1 dt

2 dib1 w2 dic 2
+ dt + w dt
1

. 3.
/Y11

w2
ia 2
ic1 +

w
1

.
+ rm
3 1

i + w2 i + i + w2 i
2 a1 w1 b 2 b1 w1 c 2

99

. 2012. . 321. 4

, 

. ,

(1) :
w
di
ea 2 = 2 uc 01 + La 2 a 2 ;
dt
w1
w
eb 2 = 2 u a 01 + Lb 2
w1
w
ec 2 = 2 ub 01 + Lc 2
w1

dib 2
;
dt
dic 2
.
dt



u01 : a , b a, 
b.

,
: b, c, a u01 a, b, c.

1. .., ..
(). .: , 1980.
176 .
2. .., .., .., .. 

SPICE 
// : . . . /
. .. . .: , 2003. . 7685.
3. .., .., ..

//
. 2007. . 311. 4. . 7781.
4. ThreePhase Transformer Inductance Matrix Type (Two Windings).
2012. URL: http://www.mathworks.com/help/toolbox/phys
mod/powersys/ref/threephasetransformerinductancematrixty
petwowindings.html ( : 06.04.2012).
5. ThreePhase Transformer 12 Terminals. 2012. URL:
http://www.mathworks.com/help/toolbox/physmod/power
sys/ref/threephasetransformer12terminals.html ( :
06.04.2012).

100

, 
,


,


.

1. 

, 
. 

.
2. 



.

6. ..
. .: , 1994. 318 .
7. .., .., .. 
//
. 2004. 2. . 7885.
8. .. . .: , 1974.
840 .
9. .. . 3 .,
. . .: , 1977. 81 .
10. .., .. 

// . 2004. 1.
. 239249.
11. .., .., .., ..

. .: , 1991. 336 .
09.04.2012 .