Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 8

# - , 1, 2014

..., .. ,

. .
.
.
.

.
.
.
. .
.
.
,
.
: ; ;

.
.
,
. [1, 2],
[3, 4], [58]
[9, 10, 11]. [1215]
. [16, 17] ,
.

,
,
.

, ;
x = ( x1 , x 2 , x3 ) ;
U (x) - , U = (U 1 , U 2 , U 3 ) ;
u - , u = (u1 , u 2 , u 3 ) ;
- , = ( 1 , 2 , 3 ) ;
f , f = ( f1 , f 2 , f 3 ) ;
A, l , ;
d 2 ;
ij , eij (U ) .
.
x1 .

..
6
CALCULATIONS Magazine of Civil Engineering, 1, 2014

[18, 19] :
a (U ) + b (U ) + f (U ) ,
a (U ) ;
f (U ) = f i d 2U i dx ; (1)

## b(U ) = ij d 2 eij (U ) dx ; (2)

eij (U ) = (U i / x j + U j / xi + U k / xi U k / x j ) / 2 . (3)

[20] , ii (U i / xi ) 2 (2)
, a (U ) , .

, :
1) ;
2) , e22 (U ) = e33 (U ) = e23 (U ) = 0 ;
3) u1 , u 2 , u 3 , 1 , .

1) ,

U i ( x) = ui + x2 Bi + x3Ci . (4)
2) ,

## B12 + (1 + B2 ) 2 + B32 = 1 , C12 + C22 + (1 + C3 ) 2 = 1 , (5)

B1C1 + (1 + B2 )C 2 + B3 (1 + C3 ) = 0 .
3) ,

(6) (5) , :

, :

## 2u 2' b1 + 21b3 = 0 , 2u3' c1 21c2 = 0 , u3' b1 u2' c1 + 1 (c3 b2 ) = 0 . (8)

(4)(8) :

U 1 ( x) = u1 x 2 3 + x3 2 + ( x 2 1 2 + x3 1 3 ) / 2 ;
U 2 ( x) = u 2 x3 1 x2 ( 1 + 3 ) / 2 + x3 2 3 / 2 ;
2 2
(9)

U 3 ( x) = u3 + x 2 1 + x2 2 3 / 2 x3 ( 1 + 2 ) / 2 ,
2 2

u3' = 2 , u 2 ' = 3 , ui , i x1 .

..
7
- , 1, 2014

[1]:

N i = 1i dA ;
A

M 1 = ( x 2 13 x3 12 )dA , M 2 = x3 11 dA , M 3 = x 2 11 dA ;
A A A

m 2 = x3 f 1 dA , m3 = x 2 f 1 dA .
A A

x
A
2 f 2 dA = x3 f 3 dA = ( x3 f 2 +x 2 f 3 )dA = 0 .
A A

[1]:
' '
M 2 N 3 = m2 , M 3 + N 2 = m3 . (10)

(1), (9) :

f (U ) = (m2 1 3 m3 1 2 )dx1 / 2 .
l

u 3 = 2 , u 2 = 3 , :
' '
(9)

## d 2 e11 (U ) = [( 3 x3 1 ) 2 + ( 2 + x2 1 ) 2 + x2 ( 1 2 ) ' + x3 ( 1 3 ) ' ] / 2 ;

' '

d 2 e12 (U ) = [ x3 ( 2 3 3 2 ) 1 2 ] / 2 ;
' ' (11)

d 2 e13 (U ) = [ x 2 ( 2 3 3 2 ) 1 3 ] / 2 .
' '

(10), :

## b(U ) + f (U ) = [ N 1 ( 22 + 32 ) 2( M 2 1 ) ' 3 + 2( M 3 1 ) ' 2 +M 1 ( 2 3 3 2 ) +

' '

l , (12)
( N 1 r + M 2 I 32 M 3 I 23 ) + 2m2 1 3 2m3 1 2 + ( M 2 1 3 ) ( M 3 1 2 ) ]dx1 / 2
2 2
1
' '

r 2 = (I 2 + I 3 ) / A ;
I 2 = x32 dA ;
A
I 3 = x22 dA ;
A
I 32 = x3 ( x 22 + x32 )dA / I 2 ;
A

I 23 = x 2 ( x 22 + x32 )dA / I 3 .
A

(12) , ,
, .
(12) , , [21]
, (9).
[20].
(12) ,

a (U ) EI (1 ) .
2

..
8
CALCULATIONS Magazine of Civil Engineering, 1, 2014

## [22, 23, 24]: 2 = u 3 + x20 1 , 2 = u 2 + x30 1 ,

x20 , x30 .

(9) [25]:

U 1 ( x) = u1 + x3 2 + x3 1 3 / 2 ;

U 2 ( x) = u 2 x3 1 + x3 2 3 / 2 ; (13)

U 3 ( x) = u3 x3 (1 + 2 ) / 2 ;
2 2

u i , i x1 , x 2 .

(13) e33 (U ) = 0 .

[3]:

N ip = ip dx3 , M pq = x3 pq dx3 ,

m 2 = x3 f 1 dx3 , m1 = x3 f 2 dx3 .

.
[3]:

M 1 p / x p N 31 = m2 , M 2 p / x p N 32 = m1 . (14)
(1) (13)

f (U ) = (m 2 1 3 m1 2 3 )dx1dx 2 / 2 .

(13) u 3 / x 2 = 1 , u 3 / x1 = 2 , :

d 2 e11 (U ) = [(u 2 / x1 x3 1 / x1 ) 2 + 2 + x3 ( 1 3 ) / x1 ] / 2 ;
2

d 2 e22 (U ) = [(u1 / x2 + x3 2 / x2 ) 2 + 1 + x3 ( 2 3 ) / x 2 ] / 2 ;
2

## d 2e12 (U ) = [(u1 / x1 + x3 2 / x1 )(u1 / x2 + x3 2 / x2 ) + (u 2 / x1 x31 / x1 )

; (15)
(u2 / x2 x31 / x2 ) + 1 2 + x3 ( (1 3 ) / x2 + ( 2 3 ) / x1 )] / 2

d 2 e13 (U ) = 1u 2 / x1 + 1 3 / 2 ;

d 2 e23 (U ) = 2 u1 / x 2 + 2 3 / 2 .
(14), :

b(U ) + f (U ) = [ N pq u 3 / x p u 3 / x q + N 11 (u 2 / x1 ) 2 + N 22 (u1 / x 2 ) 2 +

## N 12 (u1 / x1u1 / x 2 + u 2 / x1u 2 / x 2 ) + . (16)

2 ( M 1 p 1 ) / x p u 2 / x1 2 ( M 2 p 2 ) / x p u1 / x 2 +
2(m2 1 3 m1 2 3 ) ( M pq p 3 ) / x q ]dx1dx 2 / 2

..
9
- , 1, 2014

. (16)
, . , 3 ,
(16) , a (U )
[26]:

G ( 3 (u 2 / x1 u1 / x 2 ) / 2) 2 . (17)
() [7, 8]

## N11 (u2 / x1 ) 2 + N 22 (u1 / x2 ) 2 + N12 (u1 / x1u1 / x2 + u2 / x1u2 / x2 ) (18)

. . ,
, , . . .
(16) (18), 3050%.
, 96 ,
23 , 56 , 4 .
[27]. (18)
5.77 .
. (18)
9.11 .
10,
. [28]
, 10, .

1.
.
2.
.

## 1. .., .. . .: , 1987. 246 .

2. .. . . .: , 2005. 708 .
3. ., .-. . .: , 1980. 383 .
4. .. . .: , 1962. 344 .
5. .. . .: , 1976. 475 .
6. ..
- // . 1994. . 58. . 6.
. 96108.
7. ., . . .: , 1983. 172 .
8. Ciarlet P.G. Mathematical elasticity. Theory of plates. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1997. 497 p.
9. .. . : ,
2002. 406 .
10. Bauer S.M., Filippov S.V., Smirnov A.L., Tovstich P.E. Asymptotic methods in mechanics with application
to thin plates and shells // Asymptotic Methods in Mechanics & Lecture Notes. 1993. Vol. 3. Pp. 3141.
11. Miara B. Justification of the asymptotic analysis of elastic plates // Applicable Analysis. 1989. Vol. 31.
Pp. 291307.
12. Cywiski Z. Formnderungsgrssenverfahren mittig gedrckter dnnwandiger Stbe mit einfach- und
doppeltsymmetrischen offen Querschnitten // Stahlbau. 2005. No. 12. Pp. 916924.
13. Cokun S.B. Analysis of tilt-buckling of Euler columns with varying flexural stiffness using homotopy
perturbation method // Mathematical Modeling and Analysis. 2010. Vol. 15. No. 3. Pp. 275286.

..
10
CALCULATIONS Magazine of Civil Engineering, 1, 2014

14. He J.-H. Recent development of the homotopy perturbation method // Topological Methods in Nonlinear
Analysis. 2008. Vol. 31. No. 2. Pp. 205209.
15. Atey M.T. Determination of critical buckling loads for variable stiffness Euler columns using homotopy
perturbation method // International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation. 2009. Vol.
10. No. 2. Pp. 199206.
16. .., ..
// -
. .2. ., 2006. . 316323.
17. Perelmuter A.V., Slivker V.I. On an Error of Mysterious Nature that happens in Software when Analyzing
Mechanical Systems for Buckling // Proceedings of the 15th Nordic Seminar on Computer Mechanics.
Aalborg, Denmark. 1819 October. Denmark: Aalborg University, 2002. Pp. 229232.
18. .. //
. .: , 1973. . 8388.
19. .. //
. .: , 1965. . 627.
20. .., .. .
.: , 2009. 704 .
21. . . .: , 1987. 542 .
22. .. (, , ). .:
, 1940. 276 .
23. .., .., ..
// - . 2012. 1(27). . 5373.
24. Anwer Ali B., Saad S., Osman M., Ahmad Y. Finite Element Analysis of Cold-formed Steel Connections //
International Journal of Engineering (IJE). 2011. Vol. 5. No.2. Pp. 5561.
25. .., .. . : , 2007. 393 .
26. Wilson E.L., Ibragimbegovich J. Thick shell and solid elements with independent rotation fields //
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering. 1991. Vol. 31. Pp. 13931414.
27. .., .. . . . .: , 1968. . 3.
567 .
28. .., .., .., ..
// -
.
. .: , 2011. . 155166.

, ,
. .: +38(050)3302498; . : ide@lira.com.ua

.., 2014

..
11
- , 1, 2014

doi: 10.5862/MCE.45.2

## The Stability Problems for Bars and Plates

I.D. Ievzerov
+38(050)3302498; e-mail: ide@lira.com.ua

Key words
stability problems; bars and plates; variation formulations

Abstract
The stability problems for bars and plates are considered. Variation formulations are used for the
stability problems. The positive definiteness of the potential energy functional is studied. The transition
from the three-dimensional stability problem to the corresponding problems for bars and plates is
executed.
Concepts of displacements through the section of bar and plate thickness are used for
geometrically nonlinear problems. These concepts are derived from the assumptions of the vanishing of
the strain through the cross-section plane of the bar or the thickness of the plate. The second variations
of non-linear deformations are calculated. The integration through the cross-section of the bar and plate
thickness was made, using known formulas for the efforts and the equilibrium equation. The stability
functionals for bars and plates are obtained.
Comparing to the results known before is conducted. A solution to the test problem for the
centrally compressed cantilever beam with a cross section of Pi, which was modeled by plates, is given.

References
1. Landau L.D., Lifshits E.M. Teoriya uprugosti [Theory of elasticity].Moscow: Nauka, 1987. 246 p. (rus)
2. Slivker V.I. Stroitelnaya mekhanika. Variatsionnyye osnovy [Structural mechanics. Variational foundation].
Moscow: ASV, 2005. 708 p. (rus)
3. Dyuvo G., Lions Zh.-L. Neravenstva v mekhanike i fizike [Inequalities in mechanics and physics]. Moscow:
Nauka, 1980. 383 p. (rus)
4. Novozhilov V.V. Teoriya tonkikh obolochek [Theory of thin shells]. Moscow: Sudpromgiz, 1962. 344 p.
(rus)
5. Goldenveyzer A.L. Teoriya uprugikh tonkikh obolochek [Theory of elastic thin shells]. Moscow: Nauka,
1976. 475 p. (rus)
6. Goldenveizer A.L. Prikladnaya Matematika i Mekhanika. 1994. Vol. 58. No. 5. Pp. 96-108. (rus)
7. Syarle F., Rabye P. Uravneniya Karmana [Karman equations]. Moscow: Mir, 1983. 172 p. (rus)
8. Ciarlet P.G. Mathematical elasticity. Theory of plates. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1997. 497p.
9. Nazarov S.A. Asimptoticheskiy analiz tonkikh plastin i sterzhney [Asymptotic analysis of thin plates and
rods]. Novosibirsk: Nauchnaya kniga, 2002. 406 p. (rus)
10. Bauer S.M., Filippov S.V., Smirnov A.L., Tovstich P.E. Asymptotic methods in mechanics with application
to thin plates and shells. Asymptotic Methods in Mechanics & Lecture Notes. 1993. Vol. 3. Pp. 3141.
11. Miara B. Justification of the asymptotic analysis of elastic plates. Applicable Analysis. 1989. Vol. 31. Pp.
291307.
12. Cywiski Z. Formnderungsgrssenverfahren mittig gedrckter dnnwandiger Stbe mit einfach- und
doppeltsymmetrischen offen Querschnitten. Stahlbau. 2005. No. 12. Pp. 916924.
13. Cokun S.B. Analysis of tilt-buckling of Euler columns with varying flexural stiffness using homotopy
perturbation method. Mathematical Modeling and Analysis. 2010. Vol. 15. No. 3. Pp. 275286.
14. He J.-H. Recent development of the homotopy perturbation method. Topological Methods in Nonlinear
Analysis. 2008. Vol. 31. No. 2. Pp. 205209.
15. Atey M.T. Determination of critical buckling loads for variable stiffness Euler columns using homotopy
perturbation method. International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation. 2009. Vol. 10.
No. 2. Pp. 199206.

## Ievzerov I.D. The stability problems for bars and plates

102
CALCULATIONS Magazine of Civil Engineering, 1, 2014

16. Perelmuter A.V., Slivker V.I. Trudy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii Vychislitelnaya
mekhanika deformiruyemogo tverdogo tela [Proceedings of international scientific and technical
conference Computational mechanics of deformable rigid body]. Vol. 2. Moscow: 2006. Pp. 316323.
(rus)
17. Perelmuter A.V., Slivker V.I. On an error of mysterious nature that happens in software when analyzing
mechanikal systems for buckling. Proceedings of the 15th Nordic Seminar on Computational Mechanics.
Aalborg, Denmark, 1819 October. Denmark: Aalborg University, 2002. Pp. 229232.
18. Bolotin V.V. Problemy mekhaniki tverdogo deformiruemogo tela [Problems of mechanics of deformable
rigid body]. Leningrad: Sudostroeniye, 1973. Pp. 8388. (rus)
19. Bolotin V.V. Problemy ustoychivosti v stroitelnoy mekhanike [Problems of stability in structural mechanics].
Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1965. Pp. 627. (rus)
20. Perelmuter A.V., Slivker V.I. Ustoychivost ravnovesiya konstruktsii i rodstvennyye problemy [Stability of
structure balance and related problems]. Moscow: SKAD SOFT, 2009. 704 p. (rus)
21. Vasidzu K. Variatsionnye metody v teorii uprugosti i plastichnosti [Variational methods in theory of
elasticity and plasticity]. Moscow: Mir, 1987. 542 p. (rus)
22. Vlasov V.Z. Tonkostennyye uprugiye sterzhni (prochnost, ustoychivost, kolebaniya) [Thin-walled elastic
rods (strength, stability, vibrations)]. Moscow: Gosstroiyzdat, 1940. 276 p. (rus)
23. Lalin V.V., Rybakov V.A., Morozov S.A. Magazine of Civil Engineering. 2012. No. 1(27). Pp. 5373. (rus)
24. Bryan Anwer Ali, Sariffuddin Saad, Mohd Osman, Yusof Ahmad. Finite Element Analysis of Cold-formed
Steel Connections. International Journal of Engineering (IJE). 2011. Vol. 5. No. 2. Pp. 5561.
25. Gorodetskii A.S., Evzerov I.D. Kompyuternyye modeli konstruktsii [Computer models of the structure].
Kiev: Fakt, 2007. 393 p. (rus)
26. Wilson E.L., Ibragimbegovich J. Thick shell and solid elements with independent rotation fields.
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering. 1991. Vol. 31. Pp.13931414.
27. Birger I.A., Panovko Ya.G. Prochnost. Ustoychivost. Kolebaniya [Strength, stability, vibrations]. Moscow:
Mashinostroyeniye, 1968. Vol. 3. 567 p. (rus)
28. Evzerov I.D., Geraimovich Yu.D., Laznyuk M.V., Marchenko D.V. Trudy chetvertoy mezhdunarodnoy
nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii Teoriya i praktika rascheta zdaniy i elementov konstruktsiy.
Analiticheskiye i chislennyye metody [Proceedings of the fourth international scientific and technical
conference Theory and practice of analysis of buildings and structural elements. Analytic and numerical
methods]. Moscow: MGSU, 2011. Pp. 155166. (rus)

103

## Нижнее меню

### Получите наши бесплатные приложения

Авторское право © 2021 Scribd Inc.