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- , 1, 2014

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[9, 10, 11]. [1215]
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, ;
x = ( x1 , x 2 , x3 ) ;
U (x) - , U = (U 1 , U 2 , U 3 ) ;
u - , u = (u1 , u 2 , u 3 ) ;
- , = ( 1 , 2 , 3 ) ;
f , f = ( f1 , f 2 , f 3 ) ;
A, l , ;
d 2 ;
ij , eij (U ) .
.
x1 .

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CALCULATIONS Magazine of Civil Engineering, 1, 2014



[18, 19] :
a (U ) + b (U ) + f (U ) ,
a (U ) ;
f (U ) = f i d 2U i dx ; (1)

b(U ) = ij d 2 eij (U ) dx ; (2)


eij (U ) = (U i / x j + U j / xi + U k / xi U k / x j ) / 2 . (3)

[20] , ii (U i / xi ) 2 (2)
, a (U ) , .



, :
1) ;
2) , e22 (U ) = e33 (U ) = e23 (U ) = 0 ;
3) u1 , u 2 , u 3 , 1 , .

1) ,

U i ( x) = ui + x2 Bi + x3Ci . (4)
2) ,

B12 + (1 + B2 ) 2 + B32 = 1 , C12 + C22 + (1 + C3 ) 2 = 1 , (5)


B1C1 + (1 + B2 )C 2 + B3 (1 + C3 ) = 0 .
3) ,

B1 = u 2' + b1 , C1 = u 3' + c1 , B3 = 1 + b3 , C 2 = 1 + c 2 , B2 = b2 , C 3 = c3 . (6)

(6) (5) , :

2b2 + (u 2' ) 2 + 12 = 0 , 2c3 + (u3' ) 2 + 12 = 0 , c2 + b3 + u2' u3' = 0 . (7)

, :

2u 2' b1 + 21b3 = 0 , 2u3' c1 21c2 = 0 , u3' b1 u2' c1 + 1 (c3 b2 ) = 0 . (8)

(4)(8) :

U 1 ( x) = u1 x 2 3 + x3 2 + ( x 2 1 2 + x3 1 3 ) / 2 ;
U 2 ( x) = u 2 x3 1 x2 ( 1 + 3 ) / 2 + x3 2 3 / 2 ;
2 2
(9)

U 3 ( x) = u3 + x 2 1 + x2 2 3 / 2 x3 ( 1 + 2 ) / 2 ,
2 2

u3' = 2 , u 2 ' = 3 , ui , i x1 .

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- , 1, 2014

[1]:

N i = 1i dA ;
A

M 1 = ( x 2 13 x3 12 )dA , M 2 = x3 11 dA , M 3 = x 2 11 dA ;
A A A

m 2 = x3 f 1 dA , m3 = x 2 f 1 dA .
A A

x
A
2 f 2 dA = x3 f 3 dA = ( x3 f 2 +x 2 f 3 )dA = 0 .
A A

[1]:
' '
M 2 N 3 = m2 , M 3 + N 2 = m3 . (10)

(1), (9) :

f (U ) = (m2 1 3 m3 1 2 )dx1 / 2 .
l

u 3 = 2 , u 2 = 3 , :
' '
(9)

d 2 e11 (U ) = [( 3 x3 1 ) 2 + ( 2 + x2 1 ) 2 + x2 ( 1 2 ) ' + x3 ( 1 3 ) ' ] / 2 ;


' '

d 2 e12 (U ) = [ x3 ( 2 3 3 2 ) 1 2 ] / 2 ;
' ' (11)

d 2 e13 (U ) = [ x 2 ( 2 3 3 2 ) 1 3 ] / 2 .
' '

(10), :

b(U ) + f (U ) = [ N 1 ( 22 + 32 ) 2( M 2 1 ) ' 3 + 2( M 3 1 ) ' 2 +M 1 ( 2 3 3 2 ) +


' '

l , (12)
( N 1 r + M 2 I 32 M 3 I 23 ) + 2m2 1 3 2m3 1 2 + ( M 2 1 3 ) ( M 3 1 2 ) ]dx1 / 2
2 2
1
' '

r 2 = (I 2 + I 3 ) / A ;
I 2 = x32 dA ;
A
I 3 = x22 dA ;
A
I 32 = x3 ( x 22 + x32 )dA / I 2 ;
A

I 23 = x 2 ( x 22 + x32 )dA / I 3 .
A

(12) , ,
, .
(12) , , [21]
, (9).
[20].
(12) ,

a (U ) EI (1 ) .
2

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CALCULATIONS Magazine of Civil Engineering, 1, 2014

[22, 23, 24]: 2 = u 3 + x20 1 , 2 = u 2 + x30 1 ,


x20 , x30 .



(9) [25]:

U 1 ( x) = u1 + x3 2 + x3 1 3 / 2 ;

U 2 ( x) = u 2 x3 1 + x3 2 3 / 2 ; (13)

U 3 ( x) = u3 x3 (1 + 2 ) / 2 ;
2 2

u i , i x1 , x 2 .

(13) e33 (U ) = 0 .

[3]:

N ip = ip dx3 , M pq = x3 pq dx3 ,

m 2 = x3 f 1 dx3 , m1 = x3 f 2 dx3 .

.
[3]:

M 1 p / x p N 31 = m2 , M 2 p / x p N 32 = m1 . (14)
(1) (13)

f (U ) = (m 2 1 3 m1 2 3 )dx1dx 2 / 2 .

(13) u 3 / x 2 = 1 , u 3 / x1 = 2 , :

d 2 e11 (U ) = [(u 2 / x1 x3 1 / x1 ) 2 + 2 + x3 ( 1 3 ) / x1 ] / 2 ;
2

d 2 e22 (U ) = [(u1 / x2 + x3 2 / x2 ) 2 + 1 + x3 ( 2 3 ) / x 2 ] / 2 ;
2

d 2e12 (U ) = [(u1 / x1 + x3 2 / x1 )(u1 / x2 + x3 2 / x2 ) + (u 2 / x1 x31 / x1 )


; (15)
(u2 / x2 x31 / x2 ) + 1 2 + x3 ( (1 3 ) / x2 + ( 2 3 ) / x1 )] / 2

d 2 e13 (U ) = 1u 2 / x1 + 1 3 / 2 ;

d 2 e23 (U ) = 2 u1 / x 2 + 2 3 / 2 .
(14), :

b(U ) + f (U ) = [ N pq u 3 / x p u 3 / x q + N 11 (u 2 / x1 ) 2 + N 22 (u1 / x 2 ) 2 +

N 12 (u1 / x1u1 / x 2 + u 2 / x1u 2 / x 2 ) + . (16)


2 ( M 1 p 1 ) / x p u 2 / x1 2 ( M 2 p 2 ) / x p u1 / x 2 +
2(m2 1 3 m1 2 3 ) ( M pq p 3 ) / x q ]dx1dx 2 / 2

..
9
- , 1, 2014

. (16)
, . , 3 ,
(16) , a (U )
[26]:

G ( 3 (u 2 / x1 u1 / x 2 ) / 2) 2 . (17)
() [7, 8]

N11 (u2 / x1 ) 2 + N 22 (u1 / x2 ) 2 + N12 (u1 / x1u1 / x2 + u2 / x1u2 / x2 ) (18)


. . ,
, , . . .
(16) (18), 3050%.
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[27]. (18)
5.77 .
. (18)
9.11 .
10,
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1.
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2.
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1. .., .. . .: , 1987. 246 .


2. .. . . .: , 2005. 708 .
3. ., .-. . .: , 1980. 383 .
4. .. . .: , 1962. 344 .
5. .. . .: , 1976. 475 .
6. ..
- // . 1994. . 58. . 6.
. 96108.
7. ., . . .: , 1983. 172 .
8. Ciarlet P.G. Mathematical elasticity. Theory of plates. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1997. 497 p.
9. .. . : ,
2002. 406 .
10. Bauer S.M., Filippov S.V., Smirnov A.L., Tovstich P.E. Asymptotic methods in mechanics with application
to thin plates and shells // Asymptotic Methods in Mechanics & Lecture Notes. 1993. Vol. 3. Pp. 3141.
11. Miara B. Justification of the asymptotic analysis of elastic plates // Applicable Analysis. 1989. Vol. 31.
Pp. 291307.
12. Cywiski Z. Formnderungsgrssenverfahren mittig gedrckter dnnwandiger Stbe mit einfach- und
doppeltsymmetrischen offen Querschnitten // Stahlbau. 2005. No. 12. Pp. 916924.
13. Cokun S.B. Analysis of tilt-buckling of Euler columns with varying flexural stiffness using homotopy
perturbation method // Mathematical Modeling and Analysis. 2010. Vol. 15. No. 3. Pp. 275286.

..
10
CALCULATIONS Magazine of Civil Engineering, 1, 2014

14. He J.-H. Recent development of the homotopy perturbation method // Topological Methods in Nonlinear
Analysis. 2008. Vol. 31. No. 2. Pp. 205209.
15. Atey M.T. Determination of critical buckling loads for variable stiffness Euler columns using homotopy
perturbation method // International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation. 2009. Vol.
10. No. 2. Pp. 199206.
16. .., ..
// -
. .2. ., 2006. . 316323.
17. Perelmuter A.V., Slivker V.I. On an Error of Mysterious Nature that happens in Software when Analyzing
Mechanical Systems for Buckling // Proceedings of the 15th Nordic Seminar on Computer Mechanics.
Aalborg, Denmark. 1819 October. Denmark: Aalborg University, 2002. Pp. 229232.
18. .. //
. .: , 1973. . 8388.
19. .. //
. .: , 1965. . 627.
20. .., .. .
.: , 2009. 704 .
21. . . .: , 1987. 542 .
22. .. (, , ). .:
, 1940. 276 .
23. .., .., ..
// - . 2012. 1(27). . 5373.
24. Anwer Ali B., Saad S., Osman M., Ahmad Y. Finite Element Analysis of Cold-formed Steel Connections //
International Journal of Engineering (IJE). 2011. Vol. 5. No.2. Pp. 5561.
25. .., .. . : , 2007. 393 .
26. Wilson E.L., Ibragimbegovich J. Thick shell and solid elements with independent rotation fields //
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering. 1991. Vol. 31. Pp. 13931414.
27. .., .. . . . .: , 1968. . 3.
567 .
28. .., .., .., ..
// -
.
. .: , 2011. . 155166.

, ,
. .: +38(050)3302498; . : ide@lira.com.ua

.., 2014

..
11
- , 1, 2014

doi: 10.5862/MCE.45.2

The Stability Problems for Bars and Plates


I.D. Ievzerov
LLC PRAYM KAD, Kiev, Ukraine
+38(050)3302498; e-mail: ide@lira.com.ua

Key words
stability problems; bars and plates; variation formulations

Abstract
The stability problems for bars and plates are considered. Variation formulations are used for the
stability problems. The positive definiteness of the potential energy functional is studied. The transition
from the three-dimensional stability problem to the corresponding problems for bars and plates is
executed.
Concepts of displacements through the section of bar and plate thickness are used for
geometrically nonlinear problems. These concepts are derived from the assumptions of the vanishing of
the strain through the cross-section plane of the bar or the thickness of the plate. The second variations
of non-linear deformations are calculated. The integration through the cross-section of the bar and plate
thickness was made, using known formulas for the efforts and the equilibrium equation. The stability
functionals for bars and plates are obtained.
Comparing to the results known before is conducted. A solution to the test problem for the
centrally compressed cantilever beam with a cross section of Pi, which was modeled by plates, is given.

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Ievzerov I.D. The stability problems for bars and plates


102
CALCULATIONS Magazine of Civil Engineering, 1, 2014

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Full text of this article in Russian: pp. 611

Ievzerov I.D. The stability problems for bars and plates


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