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. Media Education. 2017.

Media Culture

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344002, , . --, . . , 69,
1954alex@mail.ru

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187
. Media Education. 2017. 2

School and university in the mirror of audiovisual media texts: basic approaches to the research
problem *

Prof. Dr. Alexander Fedorov,


Rostov State University of Economics,
B. Sadovaya, 69, Rostov on Don, 347902, Russia
E-mail: 1954alex@mail.ru

Dr. Anastasia Levitskaya,


Taganrog Institute of Management and Economics,
Petrovskaya, 45, Taganrog, 237900, Russia
tina5@rambler.ru

Dr. Olga Gorbatkova


Rostov State University of Economics,
B. Sadovaya, 69, Rostov on Don, 347902, Russia
gorbatckova.olga@yandex.ru

Abstract. In the course of the hermeneutic analysis of media texts on the school and university in the 1920s
and the first half of the 1950s, the authors of the article come to the conclusion that Soviet cinema, which relied on
the communist ideology:
1) in the 1920s: the Soviet cinema tried to portray children, adolescents, and youth as principled ideological
fighters (and the example of many backward adults) for Soviet power and atheism, for strengthening the pioneer
movement, for sports records; fighters against different types of enemies, illiteracy and homelessness, rather than
ordinary schoolchildren, engrossed in the learning process and carefree games;
2) in the 1930s and early 1940s: the Soviet cinema mostly showed schoolchildren-fighters: with saboteurs
and other enemies of the people; with the German invaders; with negligent and conceited pupils;
3) in the second half of the 1940s and the first half of the 1950s: the Soviet cinema highlighted the most
mild "fighting" version of the plot (the fighting with negligent and conceited pupils);
4) by the mid-1930s: the Soviet cinema formed the screen image of an ideal teacher, a faithful conductor of
communist doctrine, respected by the state and society, a skilful professional in his field;
5) the Soviet cinema used stereotypical plot moves, role and gender characteristics of the characters of
films on the school topic, without seeking at the same time the psychological depth of the narrative.
Keywords: film, USSR, school topic, school, students, pupils, teacher, cinematography, cinema.

* This research was funded by the grant of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF, project No. 17-18-01001) at the
Rostov State University of Economics. Project theme: "School and university in the mirror of Soviet, Russian and
Western audiovisual media texts". Head of the project is professor A.V. Fedorov.



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203
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1946:
1947:
1947:
1948:
1948:

206