Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 28

��#ࡱ#�################>###�� #################�###########�###

###����####�###�###�###�#######�#######�#######�###�###X###Y###�#######�#######G###
�###e ###
##���������������������������������������������������������������������������������
�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������
�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������
�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������
������������������������#q` ###�#�###############��####bjbjqPqP##################

###8####:###:##b;######�###############�#######��##########��##########��##########
########�#####R#######R###R#######R#######2#######2#######2###############F#######n
�######n�######n�##8###��##�###J�##D###F#######�###�###��##�
##>�##"###`�######`�######��######��######��######��###############################
###########################$#######h###|!##4###?#######################2#######
�######################��##�###��######
�######
�######?###############R#######R#######`�##############��##)
##D#######��######��######��######
�##"###R###�###`�##:###2#######��######################��##########################
############################
�######################��######��##�###�
######�###@###2###############################################################�####
###��######��##
###0D��BL�#########n�######.�##"###�
##"###########�###$###Z###0###�###########�###�!######P�##"###�!
##D###�############################################################################
###�!
##############2#######�###(###��##�###}�##D###��######��######��##G################
###################��######��######��######?#######?
#######################################r�##"###################################��##
####��######��######�#######
�######
�######
�######
�##############F#######F#######F###Ě##
�##d"##F#######F#######F#######
�######F#######F#######F#######R#######R#######R#######R#######R#######R#######����
######
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
#################################################################################VI
I. Da�ng 7: PH��NG TR�NH SAI PHA�N BA�C HAI VA� MO�T SO� DA�NG TOA�N TH���NG GA�P
Ph��ng tr�nh sai pha�n la� mo�t trong nh��ng da�ng toa�n kho� va� ph��c ta�p,
no� kho�ng ����c nha�c �e�n trong ca�c sa�ch gia�o khoa pho� tho�ng hie�n ta�i (ca�
sa�ch ca�p 2 va� ca�p 3) ma� ch� ����c nguye�n c��u trong ca�c tr���ng �a�i ho�c,
cao �a�ng. �o�i v��i toa�n pho� tho�ng ch� ����c vie�t d���i da�ng ca�c ba�i toa�n
th��c te� nh� ly� thuye�t da�y, la�i ke�p � nie�n khoa�n, ca�p so� � nh�ng trong
ca�c ky� thi HSG ga�n �a�y da�ng toa�n na�y th���ng xuye�n xua�t hie�n, nha�t la�
ca�c ky� thi ca�p khu v��c. Trong pha�n na�y ch� tr�nh ba�y ca�c kie�n th��c c�
ba�n va� ��n gia�n nha�t ve� ph��ng tr�nh sai pha�n ba�c hai va� ca�c da�ng toa�n
co� lie�n quan �e�n ca�c ky� thi HSG ba�c THCS. Ye�u ca�u: Ca�c th� sinh (trong
�o�i tuye�n tr���ng THCS �o�ng Nai) pha�i na�m v��ng ca�c kie�n th��c c� ba�n ve�
da�y truy ho�i, ph��ng tr�nh ba�c hai, he� ph��ng tr�nh ba�c nha�c hai a�n so�,
ph��ng pha�p tuye�n t�nh ho�a.7.1. Ph��ng tr�nh sai pha�n tuye�n t�nh thua�n nha�t
ba�c 2: ��nh ngh�a: Ph��ng tr�nh sai pha�n tuye�n t�nh thua�n nha�t ba�c hai
v��i he� so� la� ha�ng so� co� da�ng: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### trong �o� a#
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###0; b, c la� ha�ng so�. Nghie�m to�ng qua�t: Ne�u c = 0 th�
ph��ng tr�nh (*) co� da�ng: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### co� nghie�m to�ng qua�t #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.Ne�u ph��ng tr�nh (*) co� ph��ng tr�nh �a�c tr�ng la� #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### co� hai nghie�m # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### th� vie�c t�m
nghie�m d��a va�o ca�c me�nh �e� sau:Me�nh �e� 1: Gia� s�� hai nghie�m cu�a ph��ng
tr�nh �a�c tr�ng la� pha�n bie�t (# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###) khi a�y ph��ng tr�nh
(*) co� nghie�m to�ng qua�t la�: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### trong �o� C1, C2 la�
nh��ng so� ba�t ky� go�i la� ha�ng so� t�� do va� ����c xa�c ��nh theo �ie�u kie�n
ban �a�u x0, x1.V� du� 1: T�m nghie�m cu�a ph��ng tr�nh sai pha�n: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###.-- Gia�i --Ph��ng tr�nh �a�c tr�ng # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
co� hai nghie�m # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. Va�y nghie�m to�ng qua�t co� da�ng: #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.V��i n = 0 ta co�: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###V��i n = 1
ta co�: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Gia�i he� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### => # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###Va�y nghie�m to�ng qua�t ph��ng tr�nh co� da�ng: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###Me�nh �e� 2: Ne�u ph��ng tr�nh �a�c tr�ng co� nghie�m ke�p #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### th� nghie�m to�ng qua�t cu�a ph��ng tr�nh (*) co� da�ng:
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### trong �o� C1, C2 la� ha�ng so� t�� do va� ����c xa�c
��nh theo �ie�u kie�n ban �a�u x0, x1.V� du� 2: T�m nghie�m ph��ng tr�nh sai pha�n:
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.-- Gia�i --Ph��ng tr�nh �a�c tr�ng # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### co� hai nghie�m # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. Va�y nghie�m to�ng
qua�t co� da�ng: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.V��i n = 0 ta co�: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###V��i n = 1 ta co�: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Va�y nghie�m to�ng
qua�t ph��ng tr�nh co� da�ng: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Me�nh �e� 3: Ne�u ph��ng
tr�nh �a�c tr�ng kho�ng co� nghie�m th��c th� nghie�m to�ng qua�t cu�a ph��ng tr�nh
(*) co� da�ng: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### trong �o� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###; C1, C2 la� ha�ng so� t�� do xa�c ��nh theo �ie�u kie�n
ban �a�u x0, x1.V� du� 3: T�m nghie�m cu�a ph��ng tr�nh sai pha�n: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###-- Gia�i --Ph��ng tr�nh �a�c tr�ng # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
co� hai nghie�m ph��c # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. Ta co�: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###Va�y nghie�m to�ng qua�t co� da�ng: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.V��i # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### th� C1 = 1 va� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### => C2 = 0.Va�y
nghie�m to�ng qua�t co� da�ng: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.Ba�i ta�pT�m nghie�m un
cu�a ca�c ph��ng tr�nh sau:a. # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###b. # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###c. # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###7.2. Ph��ng tr�nh sai pha�n phi tuye�n ba�c 2:
7.2.1. M�� �a�u:Da�ng to�ng qua�t: F(xn+2, xn+1, xn) = 0; n = 0; 1; 2; �. Da�ng
ch�nh ta�c: xn+2 =f( xn+1, xn) ; n = 0; 1; 2; �.V� du�: T�nh gia� tr� da�y: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###7.2.2. Ph��ng pha�p tuye�n t�nh ho�a:7.2.2.1. Ph��ng pha�p bie�u
die�n nghie�m d���i da�ng tuye�n t�nh:V� du� 1: Cho da�y # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###. T�m da�ng tuye�n t�nh cu�a da�y �a� cho?-- Gia�i --Go�i so� ha�ng to�ng qua�t
cu�a da�y co� da�ng: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### (*)Cho n = 1; 2; 3 ta ����c #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Thay va�o (*) ta ����c he�: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###=>
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Va�y # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Chu� y�: Ta co� the�
du�ng ph��ng pha�p qui na�p �e� ch��ng minh co�ng th��c tre�n.7.2.2.2. Ph��ng pha�p
�a�t a�n phu�:V� du� 2: Cho da�y # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�m co�ng th��c
to�ng qua�t cu�a da�y.-- Gia�i --Ta tha�y # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###(v��i mo�i n)
v� ne�u un = 0 th� un-1 = 0 hoa�c un-2 = 0 do �o� u2 = 0 hoa�c u1 = 0. Vo� l�.�a�t
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###khi a�y # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### co� ph��ng tr�nh
�a�c tr�ng # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### co� nghie�m # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.
Co�ng th��c nghie�m to�ng qua�t: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. V��i n = 0; 1 ta co�:
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.Va�y # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### hay # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###7.2.2.3. Ph��ng pha�p bie�n �o�i t��ng ���ng:V� du� 3: Cho da�y
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�m co�ng th��c to�ng qua�t cu�a da�y.-- Gia�i --B�nh
ph��ng hai ve� ph��ng tr�nh �a� cho ta co�: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.Thay n + 1
b��i n ta ����c: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.Tr�� t��ng ve� cu�a hai ph��ng tr�nh
tre�n ta ����c: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Do # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### ne�n #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Suy ra # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### co� ph��ng tr�nh �a�c
tr�ng # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### co� nghie�m # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Co�ng
th��c nghie�m to�ng qua�t # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###T�� ca�c gia� tr� ban �a�u suy
ra: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Va�y so� ha�ng to�ng qua�t: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###Ba�i ta�pBa�i 1: T�m nghie�m to�ng qua�t cu�a ph��ng tr�nh sau: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 2: Xa�c ��nh so� ha�ng to�ng qua�t cu�a da�y so�: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###7.3. Mo�t so� da�ng toa�n th���ng ga�p:7.3.1. La�p co�ng th��c
truy ho�i t�� co�ng th��c to�ng qua�t:V� du� 1: (Thi khu v��c 2005) Cho da�y so� #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. La�p co�ng th��c truy ho�i �e� t�nh # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### theo # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###, # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.
-- Gia�i --Ca�ch 1:Gia� s�� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### (*).V��i n = 0, 1, 2, 3 ta
t�nh ����c # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.Thay va�o (*) ta ����c he� ph��ng tr�nh : #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###=> # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Va�y # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###Chu� y�: V��i ba�i tre�n ta co� the� gia� s�� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###th�
ba�i toa�n se� gia�i nhanh h�n.Ca�ch 2:�a�t # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### khi a�y #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###ch��ng to� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### la� nghie�m cu�a
ph��ng tr�nh �a�c tr�ng # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### do �o� ta co�: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### va� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Suy ra: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
#### EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Va�y # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###hay # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 #### EMBED Equation.DSMT4 #### EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###t��c la� #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.7.3.2. T�m co�ng th��c to�ng qua�t t�� co�ng th��c truy
ho�i:V� du� 2: (Thi khu v��c 2002) Cho da�y so�# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###(*). T�m
co�ng th��c to�ng qua�t un cu�a da�y?-- Gia�i --Ph��ng tr�nh �a�c tr�ng cu�a ph��ng
tr�nh (*) la�: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### co� hai nghie�m # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###Va�y # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###V��i n = 0; 1 ta co� he� ph��ng tr�nh sau: #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###=> # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Va�y so� ha�ng to�ng qua�t #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.7.3.3. T�nh so� ha�ng th�� n cu�a da�y khi bie�t co�ng
th��c truy ho�i:Ca�c gia�i: Ne�u la�p theo co�ng th��c truy ho�i ma� so� la�n la�p
qua� nhie�u se� da�n �e�n thao ta�c sai, do �o� ta se� �i t�m co�ng th��c to�ng
qua�t cho so� ha�ng un theo n sau �o� th��c hie�n t�nh.V� du� 3: Cho da�y so�#
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�nh so� ha�ng th�� u100?-- Gia�i --Ca�ch 1:Qui tr�nh
a�n ma�y (fx-500MS va� fx-570 MS)A�n ca�c ph�m: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### La�p la�i ca�c
ph�m: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### Ba�y
gi�� muo�n t�nh u100 ta # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 #### EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 96
la�n.Ca�ch 2:T�m co�ng th��c to�ng qua�t # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.Qui tr�nh a�n
ma�y (fx-500MS va� fx-570 MS) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Nha�n xe�t: Nh� va�y
ca�ch 2 se� nhanh va� ch�nh xa�c h�n nhie�u so v��i ca�ch 1 nh�ng se� ma�t th��i
gian �e� t�m ra co�ng th��c to�ng qua�t. Do �o� ne�u so� ha�ng ca�n t�nh la� nho�
th� ta du�ng ca�ch 1, co�n l��n ta se� du�ng ca�ch 2.VIII. Da�ng 8: MA�Y T�NH �IE�N
T�� TR�� GIU�P GIA�I TOA�NV��i ma�y t�nh �ie�n t��, xua�t hie�n mo�t da�ng �e� thi
ho�c sinh gio�i toa�n m��i: ke�t h��p h��u c� gi��a suy lua�n toa�n ho�c v��i t�nh
toa�n tre�n ma�y t�nh �ie�n t��. Co� nh��ng ba�i toa�n kho� kho�ng nh��ng ch� �o�i
ho�i pha�i na�m v��ng ca�c kie�n th��c toa�n (l� thuye�t �o�ng
d�, chia he�t, �) va� sa�ng ta�o (ca�ch gia�i �o�c �a�o, suy lua�n �a�c bie�t, �),
ma� trong qua� tr�nh gia�i co�n pha�i xe�t va� loa�i tr�� nhie�u tr���ng h��p. Ne�u
kho�ng du�ng ma�y t�nh th� th��i gian la�m ba�i se� ra�t la�u. Nh� va�y ma�y t�nh
�ie�n t�� �a�y nhanh to�c �o� la�m ba�i, do �o� ca�c da�ng toa�n na�y ra�t th�ch
h��p trong ca�c ky� thi ho�c sinh gio�i toa�n ke�t h��p v��i ma�y t�nh �ie�n t��.
(Tr�ch l��i da�n cu�a Ta� Duy Ph���ng - Vie�n toa�n ho�c).Mo�t so� v� du� minh ho�a
V� du� 1: (Thi khu v��c, 2003, l��p 9) T�m ta�t ca� ca�c so� t�� nhie�n n (1010#
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###n# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###2010) sao cho # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### cu�ng la� so� t�� nhie�n.-- Gia�i --V� 1010 # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### n # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 2010 ne�n 203,5 ( # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### an # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### ( 249,82. V� an nguye�n ne�n 204 # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
### n # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 249. Ta co� an2 = 20203 + 21n = 21.962 + 1 + 21n.
Suy ra: an2 � 1 = 21(962+n), hay (an - 1)(an + 1) = 3.7.(962+n).Do �o�, # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### chia he�t cho 7.Ch��ng to� (an - 1) hoa�c (an + 1) chia he�t
cho 7. Va�y an = 7k + 1 hoa�c an = 7k � 1.* Ne�u an = 7k � 1 thi do 204 # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### n =7k-1# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 249 => 29,42 # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### k # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 35,7. Do k nguye�n ne�n # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###. V� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### chia he�t cho 21 ne�n k ch�
la�: 30; 32; 33; 35. Ta co�:
k#30#32#33#35##n#1118#1406#1557#1873##an#209#223#230#244##k#30#32#33#35##n#1118#140
6#1557#1873##an#209#223#230#244##* Ne�u an = 7k + 1 thi do 204 # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### n =7k-1# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 249 => 29,14 # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### k # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 35,57. Do k nguye�n ne�n # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###. V� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### chia he�t cho 21 ne�n k ch�
la�: 30; 31; 33; 34. Ta co�:Nh� va�y ta co� ta�t ca� 8 �a�p so�.V� du� 2: T�nh A =
999 999 9993-- Gia�i --Ta co�: 93=729; 993= 970299; 9993=997002999; 99993=
99992.9999=99992(1000-1)= 999700029999.T�� �o� ta co� quy lua�t: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###Va�y 999 999 9993 = 999 999 997 000 000 002 999 999 999.Ba�i
ta�p to�ng h��pBa�i 1: (Thi khu v��c, 2002, l��p 9, d�� b�) a. T�m so� t�� nhie�n n
nho� nha�t sao cho n3 la� mo�t so� co� ba ch�� so� �a�u va� bo�n ch�� so� cuo�i
�e�u ba�ng 1, t��c la� n3 = # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.b. T�m so� t�� nhie�n n sao
cho (1000 # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### n # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 2000) sao cho #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### la� so� t�� nhie�n.c. T�m ta�t ca� ca�c so� t�� nhie�n n
sao cho n2 = # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###, ca�c da�u * �� v� tr� kha�c nhau co� the�
la� ca�c so� kha�c nhau.d. T�m ta�t ca� ca�c so� n co� ba ch�� so� sao cho n69 = #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###, n121 = # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 2: (Thi khu v��c
2003, l��p 9, d�� b�)a. T�m ca�c ch�� so� a, b, c �e� ta co�: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###b. T�m ca�c so� co� kho�ng qua� 10 ch�� so� ma� khi ta ��a ch��
so� cuo�i cu�ng le�n v� tr� �a�u tie�n th� so� �o� ta�ng le�n ga�p 5 la�n.c. Ha�y
t�m 5 ch�� so� cuo�i cu�ng cu�a so� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### (So� Fecma th�� 24)
d. Gia�i ph��ng tr�nh x2 � 2003# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###+ 2002 = 0 v��i # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###la� pha�n nguye�n cu�a x.Ba�i 3: (Thi khu v��c 2003, l��p 12)
T�m so� d� khi chia 20012010 cho so� 2003.Ba�i 4: (Thi khu v��c 2001, l��p 10) a.
T�m ca�c ���c so� nguye�n to� nho� nha�t va� l��n nha�t cu�a so� 2152 + 3142.b. T�m
so� l��n nha�t va� nho� nha�t trong ca�c so� t�� nhie�n da�ng # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### chia he�t cho 7.Ba�i 5: (S�� GD Ca�n Th� 2003) So� 312 � 1 chia
he�t cho hai so� t�� nhie�n na�m trong khoa�ng 70 �e�n 79. T�m hai so� �o�?Ba�i 6:
(Thi khu v��c 2002, l��p 12) T�m UCLN cu�a hai so� sau: a = 24614205; b = 10719433.
Ba�i 7: Kie�m nghie�m tre�n ma�y t�nh ca�c so� da�ng 10n + 1 la� h��p so� v��i n =
3, �, 10. Ch��ng minh ra�ng, so� da�ng 10n + 1 co� the� la� so� nguye�n to� ch� khi
n co� da�ng n = 2p. (Gia� thie�t: 10n + 1 la� so� nguye�n to� khi va� ch� khi n = 1
hoa�c n = 2).Ba�i 8: T�m ta�t ca� ca�c ca�p so� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### va� #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###sao cho khi �o�i ng���c hai so� �o� th� t�ch kho�ng �o�i,
t��c la�: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### (V� du�: 12.42 = 21.24 = 504)Ba�i 9: T�m
pha�n so� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###xa�p x� to�t nha�t # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
la� nho� nha�t), trong �o� m, n la� so� co� hai ch�� so�.Ba�i 10: (Tr���ng THCS
�o�ng Nai � Ca�t Tie�n, 2005) Cho so� t�� nhie�n n (5050 # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###8040) sao cho an = # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### cu�ng la� so� t�� nhie�n.a. an
pha�i na�m trong khoa�ng na�o?b. Ch��ng minh ra�ng an ch� co� the� la� mo�t trong
ca�c da�ng sau: an = 7k + 1 hoa�c an = 7k � 1 (v��i k# EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###N)Ba�i 11: (S�� GD La�m �o�ng, 2005) Cho k = a1 + a2 + a3 + � + a100 va� # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�nh k?Nha�n xe�t: ( Da�ng ba�i na�y th��c cha�t la� ba�i
thi ho�c sinh gio�i toa�n, no� na�ng cao y� ngh�a cu�a mu�c ��ch ��a ma�y t�nh va�o
tr���ng pho� tho�ng, phu� h��p v��i no�i dung toa�n SGK �o�i m��i. Nh�� ma�y t�nh
bo� tu�i giu�p cho ta da�n da�t t��i nh��ng gia�i thuye�t, nh��ng quy lua�t toa�n
ho�c, nh��ng nghie�n c��u toa�n ho�c nghie�m tu�c. ( Trong ca�c ky� thi
t�nh da�ng ba�i na�y chie�m khoa�ng 20% - 40%, ca�c ky� thi khu v��c khoa�ng 40% -
60% so� �ie�m ba�i thi. Co� the� no�i da�ng toa�n na�y quye�t ��nh ca�c th� sinh
tham d�� ky� thi co� �a�t ����c gia�i hay kho�ng. Nh� va�y, ye�u ca�u �a�t ra la�
pha�i gio�i toa�n tr���c, ro�i m��i gio�i t�nh. ( Hie�n nay, �a so� th�
sinh co� ma�t trong �o�i tuye�n, cu�ng nh� phu� huynh nha�n ��nh ch�a ch�nh xa�c
quan �ie�m ve� mo�n thi na�y, th���ng �a�nh gia� tha�p h�n mo�n toa�n (tha�m ch�
coi mo�n thi na�y la� mo�t mo�n ho�c kho�ng ch�nh th��c, ch� mang t�nh cha�t h�nh
th��c �th�� cho bie�t�) nh�ng th��c te� ha�u he�t ca�c th� sinh �a�t gia�i la� ca�c
th� sinh hoa�n tha�nh ����c ca�c ba�i ta�p da�ng na�y. Trong khi xu h���ng cu�a
toa�n ho�c hie�n �a�i la� ke�t h��p h��u c� gi��a suy lua�n toa�n ho�c va� ma�y
t�nh �ie�n t�� (vi t�nh), ngay ca� trong ch��ng tr�nh ho�c ch�nh kho�a, SGK luo�n
co� ba�i ta�p ve� s�� du�ng ma�y t�nh �ie�n t��. IX. Da�ng 9: T�M NGHIE�M GA�N
�U�NG CU�A PH��NG TR�NHTrong ra�t nhie�u tr���ng h��p �e� gia�i mo�t ph��ng tr�nh
ta ch� co� the� t�m nghie�m ga�n �u�ng cu�a no� (nghie�m th���ng la� nh��ng so�
tha�p pha�n vo� ha�n), ca�c ph��ng tr�nh ��ng du�ng trong cuo�c so�ng th��c te�
pha�n l��n thuo�c da�ng ph��ng tr�nh na�y, ca�c ph��ng tr�nh co� nghie�m nguye�n
ch� la� h��u ha�n ma� tho�i. Ph��ng pha�p la�p: Gia� s�� ph��ng tr�nh �a th��c f(x)
= 0 co� nghie�m trong # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.Ta bie�n �o�i f(x) tha�nh da�ng x
= g(x) (1). La�y mo�t gia� tr� x1 (�u� l��n) na�o �o� tu�y y� trong khoa�ng nghie�m
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. Thay x1 va�o (1) ta ����c: x2 = g(x1) (2). Thay x2
va�o (2) ta ����c: x3 = g(x2) (3), �, c�� tie�p tu�c nh� va�y cho �e�n b���c n + 1
ma� sao cho ca�c gia� tr� lie�n tie�p � = xn-1 = xn = xn+1 th� gia� tr� x �o� la�
nghie�m ga�n �u�ng cu�a ph��ng tr�nh f(x) = 0.V� du� 1: T�m nghie�m ga�n �u�ng cu�a
ph��ng tr�nh:x16 + x � 8 = 0.-- Gia�i --Ta co�: x16 + x � 8 = 0 <=> x = # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###. Cho�n x1 = 2.Qui tr�nh a�n ma�y (fx-500MS va� fx-570 MS)Du�ng
phe�p la�p: x = # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###A�n ca�c ph�m: 2 # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
#### EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### Ke�t qua�:
1,128022103V� du� 2: T�m nghie�m ga�n �u�ng # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###-- Gia�i --
Ta co�: x = 1 + # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. Cho�n x1 = 2.Qui tr�nh a�n ma�y (fx-
500MS va� fx-570 MS)Du�ng phe�p la�p: x = 1 + # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###A�n ca�c
ph�m: 2# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 #### EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
Ke�t qua�: 2,618033989Nha�n xe�t: ( Ph��ng pha�p la�p �e� t�m nghie�m
ga�n �u�ng cu�a ph��ng tr�nh, xe�t ve� ca�ch la�m t��ng �o�i ��n gia�n, ch� ca�n
thay nh��ng v� tr� co� x trong g(x) ba�ng bie�n nh�� Ans, sau khi a�n ph�m # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### gia� tr� ke� tie�p theo la�i ����c thay the� va�o g(x). Nh�ng
�a�y la� da�ng toa�n ma� hay b� sai �a�p so� nha�t, ly� do la� ca�ch bie�n �o�i �e�
nha�n ����c bie�u th��c x = g(x) kho�ng h��p ly�, bie�u th��c g(x) ca�ng ph��c ta�p
th� sai so� ca�ng l��n da�n �e�n nh��ng �a�p so� kho�ng ch�nh xa�c, co� tr���ng
h��p do cho�n bie�u th��c x = g(x) khi th��c hie�n phe�p la�p la�m tra�n bo� nh��
ma�y t�nh hoa�c qua� ta�i. V� du�: �� v� du� 1 ne�u bie�n �o�i x = 8 �
x16, cho x = 2 la� gia� tr� ban �a�u th� sau ba la�n th��c hie�n phe�p la�p ma�y
t�nh se� ba�o lo�i Math ERROR. �� v� du� 2, ne�u bie�n �o�i # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
### va� cho�n x = 2 la� gia� tr� ban �a�u th� co� hai nghie�m 0 va� 1 nh�ng �e�u
la� so� nguye�n, co�n ne�u cho�n x = 15 th� sau mo�t so� la�n la�p ma�y ba�o lo�i
Math ERROR. Nh�ng x = 1 + # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### th� x ban �a�u l��n bao
nhie�u ma�y va�n cho nghie�m la� 2,618033989 sau mo�t so� la�n la�p va� hie�n
nhie�n kho�ng the� cho�n x ban �a�u la� a�m ����c. ( Nh� va�y khi du�ng
phe�p la�p �e� t�m mo�t nghie�m ga�n �u�ng cu�a x = g(x), vie�c ho�i tu� cu�a da�y
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### (ca�c gia� tr� x1 > x2 >� > xn-1 = xn = xn+1)tu�y
thuo�c va�o �ie�u kie�n ho�i tu� cu�a ha�m x = g(x) va� gia� tr� ban �a�u x1 tre�n
�oa�n # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###ch��a nghie�m co� tho�a ma�n th� m��i co� ke�t
qua�. Mo�t ph���ng tr�nh �a th��c co� the� t�m ����c nhie�u nghie�m ga�n �u�ng, do
�o� khi la�m ba�i ca�n ghi ro� la� du�ng phe�p la�p na�o va� ca�n tha�n bie�n �o�i
ca�c ha�m x = g(x) cho phu� h��p.Ba�i ta�p to�ng h��p (Xem trong ca�c �e� thi ��
ch��ng sau)X. Da�ng 10: THO�NG KE� MO�T BIE�N �a�y la� mo�t da�ng toa�n c� ba�n
����c no�i �e�n ra�t nhie�u trong ca�ch sa�ch tham kha�o. Ye�u
ca�u ca�c tha�nh vie�n trong �o�i tuye�n t�� nghie�n c��u ve� ph��ng pha�p gia�i
da�ng toa�n na�y va� ca�c va�n �e� co� lie�n quan �e�n bo� nh�� ma�y t�nh khi gia�i
da�ng toa�n na�y.V� du�: Mo�t va�n �o�ng vie�n ba�n su�ng, co� so� �ie�m mo�i la�n
ba�n va� so� la�n ba�n theo ba�ng sau:�ie�m so�#10#9#8#7#6##So� la�n
ba�n#25#42#14#15#4##Ha�y t�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###?Qui tr�nh a�n ma�y (fx-
500MS va� fx-570 MS) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
### # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### ������ # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###�o�c ca�c so� lie�u # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
(# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###= 8,69) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
(# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### (#
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### (# EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### (# EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###)Chu� y�: - Tr���c khi nha�p mo�t ba�i toa�n tho�ng ke� kha�c
ne�n xo�a d�� lie�u cu� trong ma�y. - Ne�u so� lie�u cho ch�a ����c la�p d���i
da�ng ba�ng ta�n so� ca�n la�p ba�ng ta�n so� m��i gia�i. - Kho�ng �e� ma�y nha�n
nh��ng so� lie�u kho�ng ro� ra�ng t�� so� nh��, tho�ng ke� hai bie�n, ho�i quy.Ba�i
ta�p to�ng h��p (Xem trong ca�c �e� thi �� ch��ng sau)XI. Da�ng 11: LA�I KE�P �
NIE�N KHOA�N Ba�i toa�n m�� �a�u: G��i va�o nga�n ha�ng so� tie�n la� a �o�ng,
v��i la�i sua�t ha�ng tha�ng la� r% trong n tha�ng. T�nh ca� vo�n la�n la�i A sau n
tha�ng?#-- Gia�i --Go�i A la� tie�n vo�n la�n la�i sau n tha�ng ta co�:Tha�ng 1 (n
= 1): A = a + ar = a(1 + r)Tha�ng 2 (n = 2): A = a(1 + r) + a(1 + r)r = a(1 +
r)2�������Tha�ng n (n = n): A = a(1 + r)n � 1 + a(1 + r)n � 1.r = a(1 + r)nVa�y A
= a(1 + r)n (*)Trong �o�: a tie�n vo�n ban �a�u, r la�i sua�t (%) ha�ng tha�ng, n
so� tha�ng, A tie�n vo�n la�n la�i sau n tha�ng.T�� co�ng th��c (*) A = a(1 + a)n
ta t�nh ����c ca�c �a�i l���ng kha�c nh� sau:1) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###; 2)#
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###; 3) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### ; 4) # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###(ln trong co�ng th��c 1 la� Lo�garit Ne�pe, tre�n ma�y fx-500 MS
va� fx-570 MS ph�m# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###a�n tr��c tie�p)V� du� 1: Mo�t so�
tie�n 58.000.000 � g��i tie�t kie�m theo la�i sua�t 0,7% tha�ng. T�nh ca� vo�n la�n
la�i sau 8 tha�ng?-- Gia�i --Ta co�: A = 58000000(1 + 0,7%)8Qui tr�nh a�n ma�y (fx-
500MS va� fx-570 MS) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### Ke�t qua�: 61 328 699,
87V� du� 2: Mo�t ng���i co� 58 000 000� muo�n g��i va�o nga�n ha�ng �e� ����c 70
021 000�. Ho�i pha�i g��i tie�t kie�m bao la�u v��i la�i sua�t la� 0,7% tha�ng?--
Gia�i --So� tha�ng to�i thie�u pha�i g��i la�: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Qui tr�nh
a�n ma�y (fx-500MS va� fx-570 MS) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
Ke�t qua�: 27,0015 tha�ngVa�y to�i thie�u pha�i g��i la� 27 tha�ng.
(Chu� y�: Ne�u kho�ng cho phe�p la�m tro�n, th� ��ng v��i ke�t qua� tre�n so�
tha�ng to�i thie�u la� 28 tha�ng)V� du� 3: So� tie�n 58 000 000� g��i tie�t kie�m
trong 8 tha�ng th� la�nh ve� ����c 61 329 000�. T�m la�i sua�t ha�ng tha�ng?--
Gia�i --La�i sua�t ha�ng tha�ng: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Qui tr�nh a�n ma�y (fx-
500MS va� fx-570 MS) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### Ke�t qua�: 0,7%V� du� 4:
Mo�i tha�ng g��i tie�t kie�m 580 000� v��i la�i sua�t 0,7% tha�ng. Ho�i sau 10
tha�ng th� la�nh ve� ca� vo�n la�n la�i la� bao nhie�u?--Gia�i--So� tie�n la�nh ca�
go�c la�n la�i: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Qui tr�nh a�n ma�y (fx-500MS va� fx-
570 MS) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
Ke�t qua�: 6028055,598V� du� 5: Muo�n co� 100 000 000� sau 10 tha�ng th�
pha�i g��i quy� tie�t kie�m la� bao nhie�u mo�i tha�ng. V��i la�i sua�t g��i la�
0,6%?-- Gia�i --So� tie�n g��i ha�ng tha�ng: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Qui tr�nh
a�n ma�y (fx-500MS va� fx-570 MS) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### Ke�t qua�:
9674911,478Nha�n xe�t: ( Ca�n pha�n bie�t ro� ca�ch g��i tie�n tie�t kie�m:
+ G��i so� tie�n a mo�t la�n -----> la�y ca� vo�n la�n la�i A.
+ G��i ha�ng tha�ng so� tie�n a -----> la�y ca� vo�n la�n la�i A.
( Ca�n pha�n t�ch ca�c ba�i toa�n mo�t ca�ch h��p ly� �e� ����c ca�c khoa�ng
t�nh �u�ng �a�n. ( Co� the� suy lua�n �e� t�m ra ca�c co�ng th��c t�� 1) ->
4) t��ng t�� nh� ba�i toa�n m�� �a�u ( Ca�c ba�i toa�n ve� da�n so�
cu�ng co� the� a�p du�ng ca�c co�ng th��c tre�n �a�y.Ba�i ta�p to�ng h��p (Xem
trong ca�c �e� thi �� ch��ng sau)
CH��NG II: MO�T SO� �E� THI HO�C SINH GIO�I�GIA�I TOA�N TRE�N MA�Y T�NH �IE�N T��
CASIO�Qui ��nh: ( Ye�u ca�u ca�c em trong �o�i tuye�n cu�a tr���ng THCS �o�ng Nai
� Ca�t Tie�n ch� s�� du�ng ma�y Casio fx-500 MS, Casio fx-570 MS �e� gia�i.
( Ne�u kho�ng qui ��nh g� the�m th� ca�c ke�t qua� trong ca�c �e� thi pha�i
vie�t �u� 10 ch�� so� hie�n tre�n ma�n h�nh ma�y t�nh. ( Tr�nh ba�y ba�i
gia�i theo ca�c b���c sau: - L��i gia�i va�n ta�t - Thay
so� va�o co�ng th��c (ne�u co�) - Vie�t qui tr�nh a�n ph�m
- Ke�t qua�Nha�n xe�t: - Qua ch��ng �Ca�c da�ng toa�n thi ho�c sinh gio�i
gia�i toa�n tre�n ma�y t�nh �ie�n t�� Casio� ta ru�t ra ca�c nha�n xe�t nh� sau:
1. Ma�y t�nh �ie�n t�� giu�p cu�ng co� ca�c kie�n th��c c� ba�n va� ta�ng
nhanh to�c �o� la�m toa�n. 2. Ma�y t�nh �ie�n t�� giu�p lie�n ke�t kie�n th��c
toa�n ho�c v��i th��c te�. 3. Ma�y t�nh �ie�n t�� giu�p m�� ro�ng ca�c kie�n
th��c toa�n ho�c.- Qua ca�c �e� thi t�nh, thi khu v��c cu�a ca�c na�m, �a�c bie�t
t�� na�m 2001 �e�n nay (tha�ng 05/2005), �e� thi the� hie�n ro� ne�t ca�c nha�n
xe�t tre�n �a�y. Co� the� nh�n tha�y �e� thi t�� na�m 2001 �e�n nay ����c soa�n
theo ca�c ��nh h���ng sau �a�y: 1. Ba�i thi ho�c sinh gio�i �Gia�i toa�n tre�n
ma�y t�nh �ie�n t�� pha�i la� mo�t ba�i thi ho�c sinh gio�i toa�n co� s�� tr��
giu�p cu�a ma�y t�nh �e� th�� nghie�m t�m ra ca�c quy lua�t toa�n ho�c hoa�c ta�ng
to�c �o� t�nh toa�n. 2. �a�ng sau nh��ng ba�i toa�n a�n ta�ng nh��ng ��nh ly�,
tha�m ch� mo�t ly� thuye�t toa�n ho�c (so� ho�c, da�y truy ho�i, ph��ng tr�nh sai
pha�n, �.). 3. Pha�t huy vai tro� t�ch c��c cu�a toa�n ho�c va� cu�a ma�y t�nh
trong gia�i ca�c ba�i toa�n th��c te�.�e� 1:(Thi cho�n �o�i tuye�n thi vo�ng huye�n
tr���ng THCS �o�ng Nai � Ca�t Tie�n na�m 2004)Ba�i 1: 1.1. Th��c hie�n phe�p t�nh
(ke�t qua� vie�t d���i da�ng ho�n so�) A = 5322,666744 : 5,333332 + 17443,478 :
0,993 1.2. T�nh gia� tr� bie�u th��c (la�m tro�n v��i 5 ch�� so� tha�p pha�n)#
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 1.3. Ru�t go�n bie�u th��c (ke�t qua�
vie�t d���i da�ng pha�n so�) # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###1.4. Cho cotg( = 0,06993
(00 < ( < 900). T�nh: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###1.5. T�nh: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 2:2.1. Cho �a th��c P(x) = 5x7 + 8x6 � 7,589x4 + 3,58x3 +
65x + m. a. T�m �ie�u kie�n m �e� P(x) co� nghie�m la� 0,1394 b. V��i m v��a t�m
����c, t�m so� d� khi chia P(x) cho nh� th��c (x + 2,312) c. V��i m v��a t�m ����c
ha�y �ie�n va�o ba�ng sau (la�m tro�n �e�n ch�� so� ha�ng ��n v�).x#-2,53#4,72149##
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ##### EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ##### EMBED Equation.DSMT4
#####P(x)#######2.2. Gia�i he� ph��ng tr�nh sau: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###2.3.
T�m go�c ( h��p b��i tru�c Ox v��i ����ng tha�ng y = ax + b �i qua#hai �ie�m A(0;-
4) va� B(2;0)Ba�i 3:3.1. Cho # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###(ABC co� ba ca�nh a =
17,894 cm; b = 15,154 cm; c = 14,981 cm. #Ke� ba ����ng pha�n gia�c trong cu�a (ABC
ca�t ba ca�nh la�n l���t ta�i A1, B1, C1. T�nh pha�n die�n t�ch ����c gi��i ha�n
b��i (ABC va� (A1B1C1?3.2. Cho t�� gia�c lo�i ABCD no�i tie�p trong ����ng tro�n
ba�n k�nh R, co� ca�c ca�nh a = 3,657 cm; b = 4,155 cm; c = 5,651 cm; d = 2,765 cm.
T�nh pha�n die�n t�ch����c gi��i ha�n b��i ����ng tro�n va� t�� gia�c ABCD?3.3. Cho
ba�ng so� lie�u sau. Ha�y t�nh To�ng so� tr��ng (# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###); so�
tr��ng trung b�nh cu�a mo�i #con ga� (# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###); ph��ng sai (#
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###) va� �o� le�ch tie�u chua�n (# EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###)?So� l���ng tr��ng#12#13#14#15#16#17#18#19#20#21##So� ga�
me�#6#10#14#25#28#20#14#12#9#7##3.4. Da�n so� t�nh La�m �o�ng trong 2 na�m ta�ng
t�� 30 000 000 ng���i le�n �e�n 30 048 288 ng���i. T�nh t� le� ta�ng da�n so� ha�ng
na�m cu�a t�nh La�m �o�ng trong 2 na�m �o�?(Ke�t qua� la�m tro�n hai ch�� so� tha�p
pha�n)3.5. Mo�t ng���i ha�ng tha�ng g��i va�o nga�n ha�ng so� tie�n la� 1 000 000�
v��i la�i sua�t 0,45% mo�t tha�ng.Ho�i sau 2 na�m ng���i a�y nha�n ����c bao nhie�u
tie�n la�i? (la�m tro�n �e�n ha�ng ��n v�)Ba�i 4:4.1. Cho (ABC vuo�ng ta�i A, co�
AB = c, AC = b. a. T�nh khoa�ng ca�ch d t�� cha�n ����ng pha�n gia�c trong cu�a
go�c vuo�ng#�e�n mo�i ca�nh go�c vuo�ng? b. V��i b = 5,78914 cm; c = 8,911456 cm.
T�nh khoa�ng ca�ch �o�?4.2. T�m so� t�� nhie�n a nho� nha�t ma� a2 ba�t �a�u b��i
ch�� so� 15 va� ke�t thu�c b��i 56?Ba�i 5:5.1. Cho da�y u1 = 5; u2 = 9; un +1 = 5un
+ 4un-1 (n# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###2). a. La�p quy tr�nh ba�m ph�m �e� t�m so�
ha�ng th�� un cu�a da�y? b. T�m so� ha�ng u14 cu�a da�y?5.2. Cho so� t��
nhie�n n (5050 # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###8040) sao cho an = # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
### cu�ng la� so� t�� nhie�n. a. an pha�i na�m trong khoa�ng na�o? b. Ch��ng
minh ra�ng an ch� co� the� la� mo�t trong ca�c da�ng sau: an = 7k + 1 hoa�c
an = 7k � 1 (v��i k# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###N)�e� 2:(Thi th�� vo�ng t�nh
tr���ng THCS �o�ng Nai na�m 2004)Ba�i 1: 1.1. Th��c hie�n phe�p t�nh A =
6712,53211 : 5,3112 + 166143,478 : 8,993 1.2. T�nh gia� tr� bie�u th��c (la�m
tro�n v��i 5 ch�� so� tha�p pha�n)# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 1.3.
Ru�t go�n bie�u th��c (ke�t qua� vie�t d���i da�ng pha�n so�) # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###1.4. Cho cotg( = 0,05849 (00 < ( < 900). T�nh: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###1.5. T�nh: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 2:2.1. Cho �a
th��c P(x) = x10 + x8 � 7,589x4 + 3,58x3 + 65x + m. a. T�m �ie�u kie�n m �e� P(x)
co� nghie�m la� 0,3648 b. V��i m v��a t�m ����c, t�m so� d� khi chia P(x) cho nh�
th��c (x -23,55) c. V��i m v��a t�m ����c ha�y �ie�n va�o ba�ng sau (la�m tro�n
�e�n ch�� so� ha�ng ��n v�).x#-2,53#4,72149## EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ##### EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ##### EMBED Equation.DSMT4 #####P(x)#######2.2. Gia�i he� ph��ng
tr�nh sau: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###2.3. T�m go�c ( h��p b��i tru�c Ox v��i
����ng tha�ng y = ax + b �i qua#hai �ie�m A(0;-8) va� B(2;0)Ba�i 3:3.1. Cho tam
gia�c ABC vuo�ng ta�i A co� ����ng cao la� AH . Cho bie�t AB = 0,5 , BC = 1,3 .
T�nh AC , AH , BH , CH ga�n �u�ng v��i 4 ch�� so� tha�p pha�n?3.2. Cho tam gia�c
ABC co� AB = 1,05 ; BC = 2,08 ; AC = 2,33 . a)T�nh �o� da�i ����ng cao AH .
b)T�nh �o� da�i trung tuye�n AM. c)T�nh so� �o go�c C . d) T�nh die�n t�ch
tam gia�c ABC . 3.3. Mo�t ng���i ha�ng tha�ng
g��i va�o nga�n ha�ng so� tie�n la� 10 000 000� v��i la�i sua�t 0,55% mo�t tha�ng.
Ho�i sau 2 na�m ng���i a�y nha�n ����c bao nhie�u tie�n la�i? (la�m tro�n �e�n
ha�ng ��n v�)Ba�i 4:4.1. Cho da�y u1 = 3; u2 = 11; un +1 = 8un - 5un-1 (n# EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###2). a. La�p quy tr�nh ba�m ph�m �e� t�m so� ha�ng th�� un cu�a
da�y? b. T�m so� ha�ng u1 �e�n u12 cu�a da�y? 4.2. Cho da�y u1 = u2 = 11; u3 = 15;
un+1 = # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### v��i n# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###3 a.
La�p quy tr�nh ba�m ph�m �e� t�m so� ha�ng th�� un cu�a da�y? b. T�m so� ha�ng
u8 cu�a da�y? �e� 3:(Thi vo�ng huye�n Pho�ng GD � �T huye�n Ba�o La�m na�m 2004)
Ba�i 1 :1.T�nh A=# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###2.T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
3.T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###4.T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###5.Gia�i he�
ph��ng tr�nh sau : # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###6.Cho # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 #### EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### T�m Z �e� 3M=2NBa�i 2 :1.T�m h
bie�t : # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###2.T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### v��i x=
-7,12543.Cho x=2,1835 va� y= -7,0216 T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###4.T�m so� d�
r cu�a phe�p chia :# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###5.Cho # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
T�m m �e� P(x) chia he�t cho �a th��c x+2Ba�i 3 :1.T�nh P=# EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###2.Cho cosx = 0,81735 (go�c x nho�n). T�nh : sin3x va� cos7x3.Cho sina = 0,4578
(go�c a nho�n). T�nh: Q=# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###4.Cho cotgx = 1,96567 (x
la� go�c nho�n). T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###5.Cho # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.
T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###6.Cho # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�nh # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###7.Cho u0=3 ; u1= 4 ; un = 3un-1 + 5un-2 (n# EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###2). T�nh u12 Ba�i 4 :1.Cho tam gia�c ABC vuo�ng �� A v��i AB=4,6892 cm ;
BC=5,8516 cm. T�nh go�c ABC (ba�ng ��n v� �o �o�), t�nh �o� da�i ����ng cao AH va�
pha�n gia�c trong CI. 2.Cho ngo�i sao 5 ca�nh nh� h�nh be�n. Ca�c khoa�ng ca�ch
gi��a hai ��nh kho�ng lie�n tie�p cu�a ngo�i sao AC=BD=CE= � = 7,516 cm. T�m ba�n
k�nh R cu�a ����ng tro�n �i qua 5 ��nh cu�a ngo�i sao.# EMBED PBrush ###3.Cho tam
gia�c ABC vuo�ng ca�n �� A. Tre�n ����ng cao AH, la�y ca�c �ie�m D, E sao cho
AE=HD= # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###AH. Ca�c ����ng tha�ng BE va� BD la�n l���t ca�t
ca�nh AC �� F va� G. Bie�t BC=7,8931 cm.T�nh die�n t�ch tam gia�c ABET�nh die�n
t�ch t�� gia�c EFGD�e� 4:(Thi cho�n �o�i tuye�n thi khu v��c T�nh La�m �o�ng na�m
2004)Ba�i 1: Th��c hie�n phe�p t�nh:1.1. T�nh 4x6 + 3x4 � 2x3 +7x2 + 6x � 11 v��i x
= -3,12261.2. T�nh 4x6 + 3x4 � 2x3 +7x2 + 6x � 11 v��i x = # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###1.3. T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###v��i x=# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###; y= 1,5;
z = 13,4.1.4. Cho cotg( = 0,05849 (00 < ( < 900). T�nh: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
1.5. # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###1.6. T�nh (1,23456789)4 + (0,76543211)4 �
(1,123456789)3.(0,76543211)2 � - (1,23456789)2. (0,76543211)3 + 16. (1,123456789).
(0,76543211)1.7. T�nh to�ng ca�c so� cu�a (999 995)21.8. T�nh to�ng cu�a 12 ch��
so� tha�p pha�n �a�u tie�n sau da�u pha�y cu�a # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###1.9. T�nh
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###1.10. T�m m �e� P(x) chia he�t cho (x -13) bie�t P(x) =
4x5 + 12x4 + 3x3 + 2x2 � 5x � m + 7Ba�i 2:1. T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###2. Cho
P(x) = ax5 + bx4 + cx3 + dx2 + ex + f bie�t P(1) = P(-1) = 11; P(2) = P(-2) = 47;
P(3) = 107. #T�nh P(12)?Ba�i 3: 1. Cho k = a1 + a2 + a3 + � + a100 va� # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�nh k=?2. Cho tam gia�c ABC v��i 3 ca�nh BC = 5,1123; AB =
3,2573; AC = 4,7428. T�nh ����ng pha�n gia�c
trong AD?3. Tia pha�n gia�c chia ca�nh huye�n tha�nh hai �oa�n # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###va� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�nh hai ca�nh go�c vuo�ng?Ba�i
4:1. T�nh H = (3x3 + 8x2 + 2)12 v��i # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###2. Cho tam gia�c
ABC v��i 3 ca�nh BC = 14; AB = 13; AC = 15. Go�i D, E, F la� trung �ie�m cu�a BC,
AC, AB va� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### T�nh: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###3. Cho
h�nh thang vuo�ng ABCD, ����ng cao AB. Cho go�c BDC = 900;T�m AB, CD, AC v��i
AD=3,9672; BC=5,2896.4. Cho u1 = u2 = 7; un+1 = u12 + un-12. T�nh u7=?�e� 5:(Thi
cho�n �o�i tuye�n TP Ho� Ch� Minh - 2003)B�i 1)�����
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
T#�#m# #s#�# #n#h#�# #n#h#�#t# #c#�# #1#0# #c#h#�# #s#�# #b#i#�#t# #r#�#n#g# #s#�#
###�# #k#h#i# #c#h#i#a# #c#h#o# #5# #d#�# #3# #v#�# #k#h#i# #c#h#i#a# #c#h#o#
#6#1#9# #d#�# #2#3#7##B#�#i# #2#)# #T#�#m# #c#h#�# #s#�# #h#�#n#g# ###�#n# #v#�#
#c#�#a# #s#�# #:# #1#7#2#0#0#2# ##B#�#i# #3#)# #T#�#n#h# #:# # #a#)#�#�#�#�#�#
#2#1#4#3#6#5#7#8#9# #.# #8#9#7#6#5#4# #(#g#h#i# #k#�#t# #q#u#�# #�# #d#�#n#g# #s#�#
#t#�# #n#h#i#�#n#)## # #b#)#�#�#�#�#�# ###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E#
#"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#T#h#i#%#2#0#m#a#y#
%#2#0#t#i#n#h#%#2#0#C#a#s#i#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#i#m#a#g#e#0#0#4#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*#
#M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T# #######(#g#h#i# #k#�#t# #q#u#�# #�# #d#�#n#g# #h#�#n# #s#�#
#)## # #c#)#�#�#�#�#�# #5#3#2#2#,#6#6#6#7#4#4# #:# #5#,#3#3#3#3#3#2# #+#
#1#7#4#4#3#,#4#7#8# #:# #1#7#,#3#9#1#3#�#�# #(#g#h#i# #k#�#t# #q#u#�# #�# #d#�#n#g#
#h#�#n# #s#�# #)##B#�#i# #4#)# #T#�#m# #g#i#�# #t#r#�# #c#�#a# #m# #b#i#�#t#
#g#i#�# #t#r#�# #c#�#a# ###a# #t#h#�#c# #f#(#x#)# #=# #x#4# #-# #2#x#3# #+# #5#x#2#
#+#(#m# #-# #3#)#x# #+# #2#m#-# #5# #t#�#i# #x# #=# #-# #2#,#5# #l#�# #0#,#4#9#.#
#B#�#i# #5#)# #C#h#�# #s#�# #t#h#�#p# #p#h#�#n# #t#h#�# #4#5#6#4#5#6# #s#a#u#
#d#�#u# #p#h#�#y# #t#r#o#n#g# #p#h#�#p# #c#h#i#a# #1#3# #c#h#o# #2#3# #l#�# #:#
#B#�#i# #6#)#T#�#m# #g#i#�# #t#r#�# #l#�#n# #n#h#�#t# #c#�#a# #h#�#m# #s#�#
#f#(#x#)# #=# #-#1#,#2#x#2# #+# #4#,#9#x# #-# #5#,#3#7# #(#g#h#i# #k#�#t# #q#u#�#
#g#�#n# ###�#n#g# #c#h#�#n#h# #x#�#c# #t#�#i# #6# #c#h#�# #s#�# #t#h#�#p#
#p#h#�#n#)##B#�#i# #7#)# #C#h#o# #u#1# #=# #1#7#,# #u#2# #=# #2#9# #v#�# #u#n#+#2#
#=# #3#u#n#+#1# #+# #2#u#n# # #(#n# #e" #1#)#.# #T#�#n#h# #u#1#5##B#�#i# #8#)#
#C#h#o# #n#g#i# #g#i#�#c# ###�#u# #A#B#C#D#E# #c#�# ###�# #d#�#i# #c#�#n#h#
#b#�#n#g# #1#.#G#�#i# #I# #l#�# #g#i#a#o# ###i#�#m# #c#�#a# #2# ###�#�#n#g#
#c#h#�#o# #A#D# #v#�# #B#E#.# #T#�#n#h# #:# #(#c#h#�#n#h# #x#�#c# ###�#n# #4#
#c#h#�# #s#�# #t#h#�#p# #p#h#�#n#)## #a#)# #�#�# #d#�#i# ###�#�#n#g# #c#h#�#o#
#A#D## #b#)# #D#i#�#n# #t#�#c#h# #c#�#a# #n#g#i# #g#i#�#c# #A#B#C#D#E# #:##
#c#)# #�#�# #d#�#i# ###o#�#n# #I#B# #:## #d#)# #�#�# #d#�#i# ###o#�#n# #I#C#
#:##B#�#i# #9#)# #T#�#m# #U#C#L#N# #v#�# #B#C#N#N# #c#�#a# #2# #s#�#
#2#4#1#9#5#8#0#2#4#7# #v#�# #3#8#0#2#1#9#7#5#3#1####�#e#�# #6#:##(###�# #t#h#i#
#c#h#�#n#h# #t#h#�#c# #n###m# #2#0#0#2# #c#h#o# #h#�#c# #s#i#n#h# #T#r#u#n#g#
#h#�#c# #C#�# #s#�#)##B#�#i# #1#.# #T#�#n#h# #g#i#�# #t#r#�# #c#�#a# #x# #t#�#
#c#�#c# #p#h#�#�#n#g# #t#r#�#n#h# #s#a#u#:##C#�#u# #1#.#1#.#
###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#Tai%20lieu%20Internet/De%20thi
%20danh%20cho%20khoi%20Trung%20hoc%20Co%20so_files/lt_cas1.gif" \* MERGEFORMAT ###
C�u 1.2.#INCLUDEPICTURE "../../Tai%20lieu%20Internet/De%20thi%20danh%20cho%20khoi
%20Trung%20hoc%20Co%20so_files/lt_cas2.gif" \* MERGEFORMAT ###B�i
2##################################################################################
###################################################################################
###################################################################################
#.# #T#�#n#h# #g#i#�# #t#r#�# #c#�#a# #b#i#�#u# #t#h#�#c# #v#�# #v#i#�#t# #k#�#t#
#q#u#�# #d#�#�#i# #d#�#n#g# #p#h#�#n# #s#�# #h#o#�#c# #h#�#n# #s#�#:##C#�#u#
#2#.#1####I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#
%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#
%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#3#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
########C#�#u# #2#.#2#.####I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#
%#2#0#l#i#e#u#%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#
%#2#0#k#h#o#i#%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#4#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
#######.##B#�#i# #3#.##C#�#u# #3#.#1#.# #C#h#o# #b#i#�#t# #s#i#n#
###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#
%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#
%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#5#.#g#i#f#"# #\* MERGEFORMAT ###= 0,3456
( #INCLUDEPICTURE "../../Tai%20lieu%20Internet/De%20thi%20danh%20cho%20khoi%20Trung
%20hoc%20Co%20so_files/lt_cas6.gif" \* MERGEFORMAT ###). T�nh: #INCLUDEPICTURE
"../../Tai%20lieu%20Internet/De%20thi%20danh%20cho%20khoi%20Trung%20hoc%20Co
%20so_files/lt_cas7.gif" \* MERGEFORMAT ###.C�u
3.2################################################################################
###################################################################################
###############################.# #C#h#o# #b#i#�#t# #c#o#s#2#
###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#
%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#
%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#5#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
#######=# #0#,#5#6#7#8# #(# ###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#
%#2#0#l#i#e#u#%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#
%#2#0#k#h#o#i#%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#6#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
#######)#.# #T#�#n#h#:####I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#
%#2#0#l#i#e#u#%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#
%#2#0#k#h#o#i#%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#8#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
#######.##C#�#u# #3#.#3#.# #C#h#o# #b#i#�#t# ###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E#
#"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#hi%20danh
%20cho%20khoi%20Trung%20hoc%20Co%20so_files/lt_cas9.gif" \* MERGEFORMAT
###( #INCLUDEPICTURE "../../Tai%20lieu%20Internet/De%20thi%20danh%20cho%20khoi
%20Trung%20hoc%20Co%20so_files/lt_cas6.gif" \* MERGEFORMAT ###). T�nh:
#INCLUDEPICTURE "../../Tai%20lieu%20Internet/De%20thi%20danh%20cho%20khoi%20Trung
%20hoc%20Co%20so_files/lt_cas10.gif" \* MERGEFORMAT ###.B�i
4##################################################################################
########################################################.# #C#h#o# #h#a#i# ###a#
#t#h#�#c#:# ###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#
%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#
%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#1#1#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
#######v#�# ###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#
%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#
%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#1#2#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
#######.##C#�#u# #4#.#1#.# #T#�#m# #g#i#�# #t#r#�# #c#�#a# #m#,# #n# ###�# #c#�#c#
###a# #t#h#�#c# #P#(#x#)# #v#�# #Q#(#x#)# #c#h#i#a# #h#�#t# #c#h#o# #(#x#-#2#)#.#
#C#�#u# #4#.#2#.# #X#�#t# ###a# #t#h#�#c# #R#(#x#)# #=# #P#(#x#)# #-# #Q#(#x#)#
#v#�#i# #g#i#�# #t#r#�# #c#�#a# #m#,# #n# #v#�#a# #t#�#m# ###�#�#c#,# #h#�#y#
#c#h#�#n#g# #t#�# #r#�#n#g# ###a# #t#h#�#c# #R#(#x#)#c#h#�# #c#�# #m#�#t#
#n#g#h#i#�#m# #d#u#y# #n#h#�#t#.##B#�#i# #5#.# #C#h#o# #d#�#y# #s#�# #x#�#c#
###�#n#h# #b#�#i# #c#�#n#g# #t#h#�#c# ###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E#
#"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#
%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#1#3#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
#######,# #n# #l#�# #s#�# #t#�# #n#h#i#�#n#,# #n# #>#=# #1#.##C#�#u# #5#.#1#.#
#B#i#�#t# #x# #1# #=# #0#,#2#5#.# #V#i#�#t# #q#u#i# #t#r#�#n#h# #�#n# #p#h#�#m#
#l#i#�#n# #t#�#c# ###�# #t#�#n#h# ###�#�#c# #c#�#c# #g#i#�# #t#r#�# #c#�#a# #x#n#.#
#C#�#u# #5#.#2#.# #T#�#n#h# #x#1#0#0##B#�#i# #6##C#�#u# #6#.#1#.# #C#h#o# #b#i#�#t#
#t#�#i# #m#�#t# #t#h#�#i# ###i#�#m# #g#�#c# #n#�#o# ###�#,# #d#�#n# #s#�# #c#�#a#
#m#�#t# #q#u#�#c# #g#i#a# #B# #l#�# #a# #n#g#�#�#i# #;# #t#�# #l#�# #t###n#g#
#d#�#n# #s#�# #t#r#u#n#g# #b#�#n#h# #m#�#i# #n###m# #c#�#a# #q#u#�#c# #g#i#a# ###�#
#l#�# #m#%#.##H#�#y# #x#�#y# #d#�#n#g# #c#�#n#g# #t#h#�#c# #t#�#n#h# #s#�# #d#�#n#
#c#�#a# #q#u#�#c# #g#i#a# #B# ###�#n# #h#�#t# #n###m# #t#h#�# #n#.##C#�#u#
#6#.#2#.# #D#�#n# #s#�# #n#�#�#c# #t#a# #t#�#n#h# ###�#n# #n###m# #2#0#0#1# #l#�#
#7#6#,#3# #t#r#i#�#u# #n#g#�#�#i#.# #H#�#i# ###�#n# #n###m# #2#0#1#0# #d#�#n# #s#�#
#n#�#�#c# #t#a# #l#�# #b#a#o# #n#h#i#�#u# #n#�#u# #t#�# #l#�# #t###n#g# #d#�#n#
#s#�# #t#r#u#n#g# #b#�#n#h# #m#�#i# #n###m# #l#�# #1#,#2#%#?##C#�#u# #6#.#3#.#
###�#n# #n###m# #2#0#2#0#,# #m#u#�#n# #c#h#o# #d#�#n# #s#�# #n#�#�#c# #t#a# #c#�#
#k#h#o#�#n#g# #1#0#0# #t#r#i#�#u# #n#g#�#�#i# #t#h#�# #t#�# #l#�# #t###n#g# #d#�#n#
#s#�# #t#r#u#n#g# #b#�#n#h# #m#�#i# #n###m# #l#�# #b#a#o# #n#h#i#�#u#?##B#�#i#
#7#.# #C#h#o# #h#�#n#h# #t#h#a#n#g# #v#u#�#n#g# #A#B#C#D# #c#�#:##A#B# #=#
#1#2#,#3#5# #c#m#,# #B#C# #=#1#0#,#5#5#c#m#,# ###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E#
#"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#
%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#1#4#.#g#i#f#"#
#\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T# #######(#H#�#n#h# #1#)#.#
###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#
%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#
%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#1#5#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
########C#�#u# #7#.#1#.# #T#�#n#h# #c#h#u# #v#i# #c#�#a# #h#�#n#h# #t#h#a#n#g#
#A#B#C#D#.##C#�#u# #7#.#2#.# #T#�#n#h# #d#i#�#n# #t#�#c#h# #c#�#a# #h#�#n#h#
#t#h#a#n#g# #A#B#C#D#.##C#�#u# #7#.#3#.#T#�#n#h# #c#�#c# #g#�#c# #c#�#n# #l#�#i#
#c#�#a# #t#a#m# #g#i#�#c# #A#D#C#.##B#�#i# #8#.# #T#a#m# #g#i#�#c# #A#B#C# #c#�#
#g#�#c# #B# #=# #1#2#0# #0#,# #A#B# #=# #6#,#2#5# #c#m#,##B#C# #=# #1#2#,#5#0#
#c#m#.# ###�#�#n#g# #p#h#�#n# #g#i#�#c# #c#�#a# #g#�#c# #B# #c#�#t# ##A#C# #t#�#i#
#D# #(# #H#�#n#h# #2#)#.# ##C#�#u# #8#.#1#.# #T#�#n#h# ###�# #d#�#i# #c#�#a#
###o#�#n# #t#h#�#n#g# #B#D#.##C#�#u# #8#.#2#.# #T#�#n#h# #t#�# #s#�# #d#i#�#n#
#t#�#c#h# #c#�#a# #c#�#c# #t#a#m# #g#i#�#c# #A#B#D# #v#�# #A#B#C#.##C#�#u#
#8#.#3#.# #T#�#n#h# #d#i#�#n# #t#�#c#h# #t#a#m# #g#i#�#c# #A#B#D#.#
###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#
%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#
%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#1#6#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
########B#�#i# #9#.# #C#h#o# #h#�#n#h# #c#h#�# #n#h#�#t# #A#B#C#D#.# #Q#u#a#
###�#n#h# #B#,# #v#�# ###�#�#n#g# #v#u#�#n#g# #g#�#c# #v#�#i# ###�#�#n#g# #c#h#�#o#
#A#C# #t#�#i# #H#.# #G#�#i# #E#,# #F#,# #G# #t#h#�# #t#�# #l#�# #t#r#u#n#g#
###i#�#m# #c#�#a# #c#�#c# ###o#�#n# #t#h#�#n#g# #A#H#,# #B#H#,# #C#D# #(#x#e#m#
#h#�#n#h# #3#)#.####I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#
%#2#0#l#i#e#u#%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#
%#2#0#k#h#o#i#%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#1#7#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
########C#�#u# #9#.#1#.# #C#h#�#n#g# #m#i#n#h# #t#�# #g#i#�#c# #E#F#C#G# #l#�#
#h#�#n#h# #b#�#n#h# #h#�#n#h#.##C#�#u# #9#.#2#.# #G#�#c# #B#E#G# #l#�# #g#�#c#
#n#h#�#n#,# #g#�#c# #v#u#�#n#g# #h#a#y# #g#�#c# #t#�#?# #v#�# #s#a#o#?##C#�#u#
#9#.#3#.# #C#h#o# #b#i#�#t# #B#H# #=# #1#7#,#2#5# #c#m#,#
###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#
%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#
%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#1#8#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
#######.##T#�#n#h# #d#i#�#n# #t#�#c#h# #h#�#n#h# #c#h#�# #n#h#�#t# #A#B#C#D#.#
###C#�#u# #9#.#4#.# #T#�#n#h# ###�# #d#�#i# ###�#�#n#g# #c#h#�#o# #A#C#.##B#�#i#
#1#0#.##C#�#u# #1#0#.#1#.# #C#h#o# ###a# #t#h#�#c# ###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E#
#"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#
%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#1#9#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
#######v#�# #c#h#o# #b#i#�#t##P#(#1#)#=#1#,# #P#(#2#)#=#4#,# #P#(#3#)#=#9# #,#
#P#(#4#)#=#1#6#,# #P#(#5#)#=#1#5#.# #T#�#n#h# #c#�#c# #g#i#�# #t#r#�# #c#�#a#
#P#(#6#)#,# #P#(#7#)#,# #P#(#8#)#,# #P#(#9#)#.##C#�#u# #1#0#.#2#.# #C#h#o# ###a#
#t#h#�#c# ###I#N#C#L#U#D#E#P#I#C#T#U#R#E# #"#.#.#/#.#.#/#T#a#i#%#2#0#l#i#e#u#
%#2#0#I#n#t#e#r#n#e#t#/#D#e#%#2#0#t#h#i#%#2#0#d#a#n#h#%#2#0#c#h#o#%#2#0#k#h#o#i#
%#2#0#T#r#u#n#g#%#2#0#h#o#c#%#2#0#C#o#
%#2#0#s#o#_#f#i#l#e#s#/#l#t#_#c#a#s#2#0#.#g#i#f#"# #\#*# #M#E#R#G#E#F#O#R#M#A#T#
#######v#�# #c#h#o# #b#i#�#t# #Q#(#1#)#=#5#,# #Q#(#2#)#=#7#,# #Q#(#3#)#=#9#,#
#Q#(#4#)#=#1#1#.# #T#�#n#h# #c#�#c# #g#i#�# #t#r#�# #Q#(#1#0#)# #,# #Q#(#1#1#)# #,#
#Q#(#1#2#)# #,# #Q#(#1#3#)#.##�#e#�# #7#:##(#C#h#o#�#n# #�#o#�#i# #t#u#y#e#�#n#
#t#h#i# #k#h#u# #v#�#�#c# #T#�#n#h# #P#h#u#�# #T#h#o#�# ## #n#a#�#m# #2#0#0#4#)#
#B#a#�#i# #1#:# #T#�#m# #t#a#�#t# #c#a#�# #c#a#�#c# #s#o#�# #N# #c#o#�# #d#a#�#n#g#
#N# #=# ### #E#M#B#E#D# #E#q#u#a#t#i#o#n#.#D#S#M#T#4# # ####### #c#h#i#a# #h#e#�#t#
#c#h#o# #2#4#.##B#a#�#i# #2#:# #T#�#m# #9# #c#a#�#p# #h#a#i# #s#o#�# #t#�#�#
#n#h#i#e#�#n# #n#h#o#�# #n#h#a#�#t co� to�ng la� bo�i cu�a 2004 va� th��ng ba�ng 5.
Ba�i 3: Gia�i ph��ng tr�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 4: Cho P(x) la� �a th��c
v��i he� so� nguye�n co� gia� tr� P(21) = 17; P(37) = 33, bie�t P(N) = N + 51.
T�nh N?Ba�i 5: T�m ca�c so� khi b�nh ph��ng se� co� ta�n cu�ng la� 3 ch�� so�
4. Co� hay kho�ng ca�c so� khi b�nh ph��ng co� ta�n cu�ng la� 4 ch�� so� 4?Ba�i 6:
Co� bao nhie�u so� t�� nhie�n la� ���c N = 1890.1930.1945.1954.1969.1975.2004
nh�ng kho�ng chia he�t cho 900?Ba�i 7: Cho da�y so� t�� nhie�n u0, u1, �, co� u0 =
1 va� un+1.un-1 = kun.k la� so� t�� nhie�n. 7.1. La�p mo�t quy tr�nh t�nh un+1.
7.2. Cho k = 100, u1 = 200. T�nh u1, �, u10. 7.3. Bie�t u2000 = 2000. T�nh
u1 va� k?Ba�i 8: T�m ta�t ca� ca�c so� co� 6 ch�� so� tho�a ma�n: 1. So� ta�o
tha�nh b��i ba ch�� so� cuo�i l��n h�n so� ta�o tha�nh b��i ba ch�� so� �a�u 1 ��n
v�. 2. La� so� ch�nh ph��ng.Ba�i 9: V��i mo�i so� nguye�n d��ng c, da�y so� un
����c xa�c ��nh nh� sau: u1 = 1; u2 = c; # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###, n# EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###2. T�m c �e� ui chia he�t cho uj v��i mo�i i # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### j # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 10.Ba�i 10: Gia� s�� f : N --->
N. Gia� s�� ra�ng f(n+1) > f(n) va� f(f(n)) = 3n v��i mo�i n nguye�n d��ng. Ha�y
xa�c ��nh f(2004).�e� 8:(�e� thi ch�nh th��c thi khu v��c la�n th�� t� � na�m 2004)
Ba�i 1: T�nh ke�t qua� �u�ng cu�a ca�c t�ch sau: 1.1. M =
2222255555.2222266666 1.2. N = 20032003.20042004Ba�i 2: T�m gia� tr� cu�a x, y
d���i da�ng pha�n so� (hoa�c ho�n so�) t�� ca�c ph��ng tr�nh sau: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### Ba�i 3: 3.1.
Gia�i ph��ng tr�nh (v��i a > 0, b > 0): # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 3.2. T�m x
bie�t a = 250204; b = 260204.Ba�i 4: Da�n so� xa� Ha�u La�c hie�n nay la� 10000
ng���i. Ng���i ta d�� �oa�n sau 2 na�m n��a da�n so� xa� Ha�u La�c la� 10404
ng���i. 4.1. Ho�i trung b�nh mo�i na�m da�n so� xa� Ha�u La�c ta�ng bao nhie�u
pha�n tra�m. 4.2. V��i t� le� ta�ng da�n so� nh� va�y, ho�i sau 10 na�m da�n
so� xa� Ha�u La�c la� bao nhie�u?Ba�i 5: Cho AD va� BC cu�ng vuo�ng go�c v��i AB, #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###, AD = 10cm, AE = 15cm, BE = 12cm. T�nh: 5.1. T�nh
die�n t�ch t�� gia�c ABCD (SABCD) va� die�n t�ch tam gia�c DEC (SDEC). 5.2. T�nh t�
so� pha�n tra�m SDEC va� SABCD.Ba�i 6: H�nh thang ABCD (AB // CD) co� ����ng che�o
BD h��p v��i BC mo�t go�c ba�ng # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. Bie�t AB = a = 12,5cm;
DC = b = 28,5cm. T�nh: 6.1. �o� da�i ����ng che�o BD. 6.2. T� so� pha�n tra�m
gi��a die�n t�ch tam gia�c ABD va� die�n t�ch tam gia�c BDC.Ba�i 7: Cho tam gia�c
ABC vuo�ng ta�i A v��i AB = a = 14,25cm; AC = b = 23,5cm; AM, AD th�� t�� la� ca�c
����ng trung tuye�n va� ����ng pha�n gia�c cu�a tam gia�c ABC. T�nh: 7.1. �o�
da�i ca�c �oa�n tha�ng BD va� CD. 7.2. Die�n t�ch tam gia�c ADM.Ba�i 8: Cho �a
th��c P(x) = x3 + bx2 + cx + d. Bie�t P(1) = -15; P(2) = -15; P(3) = -9. T�nh:
8.1. Ca�c he� so� b, c, d cu�a �a th��c P(x). 8.2. T�m so� d� r1 khi chia
P(x) cho x � 4. 8.3. T�m so� d� r2 khi chia P(x) cho 2x + 3.Ba�i 9: Cho da�y so�
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### v��i n = 0, 1, 2, 3, � 9.1. T�nh u0, u1, u2, u3, u4.
9.2. Ch��ng minh ra�ng un+2 = 10un+1 � 18un. 9.3. La�p quy tr�nh a�n ph�m
lie�n tu�c t�nh un+2.Ba�i 10: Cho da�y so� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###, v��i n = 0,
1, 2, �. 10.1. T�nh u0, u1, u2, u3, u4. 10.2. La�p co�ng th��c t�nh un+1
10.3. La�p quy tr�nh a�n ph�m lie�n tu�c t�nh un+1.�e� 9:(�e� d�� b� thi khu
v��c la�n th�� t� � na�m 2004)Ba�i 1: Gia�i ph��ng tr�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###Ba�i 2: Mo�t ng���i g��i tie�t kie�m 1000 �o�la trong 10 na�m v��i la�i sua�t 5%
na�m. Ho�i ng���i �o� nha�n ����c so� tie�n nhie�u h�n (hay �t h�n) bao nhie�u ne�u
nga�n ha�ng tra� la�i sua�t # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###% tha�ng (la�m tro�n �e�n
hai ch�� so� sau da�u pha�y).Ba�i 3: K� hie�u # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### v��i n =
1, 2, 3, � trong �o� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###la� pha�n nguye�n cu�a x. T�m ta�t
ca� ca�c so� nguye�n d��ng n sao cho q(n) > q(n + 1).Ba�i 4: 4.1. La�p mo�t qui
tr�nh t�nh so� Phibo�nacci u0 = 1; u1 = 1; un+1 = un + un+1#. 4.2. T�� mo�t h�nh
ch�� nha�t 324cm x 141cm ca�t nh��ng h�nh vuo�ng co� ca�nh la� 141cm cho t��i khi
co�n h�nh ch�� nha�t co� ca�nh la� 141cm va� mo�t ca�nh nga�n h�n. Sau �o� la�i
ca�t t�� h�nh ch�� nha�t co�n la�i nh��ng h�nh vuo�ng co� ca�nh ba�ng ca�nh nho�
cu�a h�nh ch�� nha�t �o�. Tie�p tu�c qu�a tr�nh cho t��i khi kho�ng ca�t ����c
n��a. Ho�i co� bao nhie�u loa�i h�nh vuo�ng k�ch th���c kha�c nhau va� �o� da�i
ca�nh ca�c h�nh vuo�ng a�y. 4.3. V��i mo�i so� t�� nhie�n n, ha�y t�m hai so� t��
nhie�n a va� b �e� khi ca�t h�nh ch�� nha�t a x b nh� tre�n ta ����c �u�ng n h�nh
vuo�ng k�ch th���c kha�c nhau.Ba�i 5: �ie�n ca�c so� t�� 1 �e�n 12 le�n ma�t �o�ng
ho� sao cho ba�t k� ba so� a, b, c na�o �� ba v� tr� ke� nhau (b na�m gi��a a va�
c) �e�u tho�a ma�n t�nh cha�t: b2 � ac chia he�t cho 13.Ba�i 6: Da�y so� un ����c
xa�c ��nh nh� sau: u0 = 1; u1 = 1; un+1 = 2un � un-1 + 2 v��i n = 1, 2, 3, �.
6.1. La�p mo�t qui tr�nh t�nh un. 6.2. V��i mo�i n # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
### 1 ha�y t�m ch� so� k �e� t�nh uk = un.un+1.Ba�i 7: T�m ta�t ca� ca�c ca�p so�
nguye�n d��ng (m,n) co� bo�n ch�� so� tho�a ma�n: 7.1. Hai ch�� so� cu�a m
cu�ng la� hai ch�� so� cu�a n �� ca�c v� tr� t��ng ��ng. Hai ch�� so� co�n la�i
cu�a m nho� h�n hai ch�� so� t��ng ��ng cu�a n �u�ng 1 ��n v�. 7.2. m va� n �e�u
la� so� ch�nh ph��ng.Ba�i 8: Da�y so� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###����c ta�o theo
qui ta�c sau: mo�i so� sau ba�ng t�ch hai so� tr���c co�ng v��i 1, ba�t �a�u t�� u0
= u1 = 1. 8.1. La�p mo�t qui tr�nh t�nh un 8.2. Co� hay kho�ng nh��ng so�
ha�ng cu�a da�y # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###chia he�t cho 4?Ba�i 9: T�m nghie�m
nguye�n cu�a ph��ng tr�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.Ba�i 10: Mo�t so� co� 6 ch��
so� ����c go�i la� so� vuo�ng (squarish) ne�u no� tho�a ma�n ba t�nh cha�t sau:
1. Kho�ng ch��a ch�� so� 0; 2. La� so� ch�nh ph��ng; 3. Hai ch�� so�
�a�u, hai ch�� so� gi��a va� hai ch�� so� cuo�i �e�u la� nh��ng so� ch�nh ph��ng
co� hai ch�� so�. Ho�i co� bao nhie�u so� vuo�ng? T�m ca�c so� a�y.�e� 10:(�e�
ch�nh th��c Ha�i Pho�ng � na�m 2003)Ba�i 1: Bie�t # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�m
ca�c ch�� so� a, b, c, d, e?Ba�i 2: T�nh �o� da�i ca�c ca�nh a, b, c va� ba�n k�nh
r cu�a ����ng tro�n no�i tie�p tam gia�c a, b, c la�n l���t t� le� v��i 20, 21, 29
va� chu vi tam gia�c ba�ng 49,49494949(m).Ba�i 3: Cho tam gia�c ABC (AB < AC) co�
����ng cao AH, trung tuye�n AM chia go�c BAC tha�nh ba go�c ba�ng nhau. a.
Xa�c ��nh ca�c go�c cu�a tam gia�c ABC. b. Bie�t �o� da�i BC ( 54,45 cm, AD la�
pha�n gia�c trong cu�a tam gia�c ABC. K� hie�u S0 va� S la� die�n t�ch hai tam
gia�c ADM va� ABC. T�nh S0 va� t� so� pha�n tra�m gi��a S0 va� S?Ba�i 4: a. Cho
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###, # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�nh A = x + y? b. Cho
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###?Ba�i 5: Cho # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### a. T�nh gia� tr� ga�n �u�ng cu�a x0? b. T�nh x = x0 - #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### va� cho nha�n xe�t> c. Bie�t x0 la� nghie�m cu�a ph��ng
tr�nh x3 + ax2 + bx � 10 = 0. T�m a,b ( Q? d. V��i a, b v��a t�m ����c, ha�y
t�m ca�c nghie�m co�n la�i cu�a ph��ng tr�nh �� ca�u c?Ba�i 6: Cho # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###. a. T�m u1, u2, u3, u4, u5. b. T�m co�ng th��c truy ho�i
t�nh un+2 theo un+1 va� un? c. Vie�t mo�t qui tr�nh ba�m ph�m lie�n tu�c t�nh un?
Ba�i 7: Cho �a th��c P(x) = x3 + ax2 + bx + c. Bie�t P(1) = -25; P(2) = -21; P(-3)
= -41. a. T�m ca�c he� so� cu�a a, b, c cu�a �a th��c P(x). b. T�m so� d� r1
khi chia P(x) cho x + 4. c. T�m so� d� r2 khi chia P(x) cho 5x + 7. d. T�m
so� d� r3 khi chia P(x) cho (x + 4)(5x + 7)Ba�i 8: Cho h�nh thang ABCD co� ca�nh
�a�y nho� la� AB. �o� da�i ca�nh �a�y l��n CD, ����ng che�o BD, ca�nh be�n AD cu�ng
ba�ng nhau va� ba�ng p. Ca�nh be�n BC co� �o� da�i q. a. Vie�t co�ng th��c t�nh AC
qua p va� q. b. Bie�t p # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 3,13cm, q# EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###3,62cm. T�nh AC, AB va� ����ng cao h cu�a h�nh thang.�e� 11:(�e�
d�� b� Ha�i Pho�ng � na�m 2003)Ba�i 1: Cho # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. a. T�m
x b. T�nh A = (3x8 + 8x2 + 2)25. c. A vie�t d���i da�ng tha�p pha�n co�
bao nhie�u ch�� so�? d. To�ng ca�c ch�� so� cu�a A v��a t�m ����c la� bao
nhie�u?Ba�i 2: Co� 480 ho�c sinh �i d�� tra�i he� ta�i ba ��a �ie�m kha�c nhau. 10%
so� ho�c sinh �� ��a �ie�m mo�t, 8,5% so� ho�c sinh �� ��a �ie�m hai va� 15% so�
ho�c sinh �� ��a �ie�m ba �i tham quan ��a danh l�ch s��. ��a danh l�ch s�� ca�ch
��a �ie�m mo�t 60km, ca�ch ��a �ie�m hai 40km, ca�ch ��a �ie�m ba 30km. �e� tra�
�u� tie�n xa v��i gia� 100�/1ng���i/1km, mo�i ng���i �i tham quan pha�i �o�ng
4000�. Ho�i co� bao nhie�u ng���i �� mo�i ��a �ie�m �i tham quan di t�ch l�ch s��.
Ba�i 3: Cho tam gia�c ABC co� ����ng cao BD = 6cm, �o� da�i trung tuye�n CE = 5cm.
Khoa�ng ca�ch t�� giao �ie�m BD v��i CE �e�n AC ba�ng 1cm. T�m �o� da�i ca�nh AB?
Ba�i 4: H�nh thang ABCD (AB//CD) co� AB ( 2,511cm; CD ( 5,112cm; # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###( 29015'; # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### ( 60045'. T�nh: a.
Ca�nh be�n AD, BC. b. ����ng cao h cu�a h�nh thang. c. ����ng che�o AC, BD.
Ba�i 5: Hai h�nh ch�� nha�t ca�t nhau: a. K� hie�u S1 = k2 la� die�n t�ch t��
gia�c ANCQ; S2 la� die�n t�ch t�� gia�c BPDM. T�nh t� so� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
### b. Bie�t AB = 5cm; BC = 7cm; MQ = 3cm; MN = 9cm. T�nh k?#Ba�i 6: Ng���i ta
pha�i la�m mo�t v� ke�o ba�ng sa�t. Bie�t AB ( 4,5cm; # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###;
AM = MD = DN = NB. Vie�t co�ng th��c va� t�nh �o� da�i sa�t la�m v� ke�o bie�t hao
ph� khi sa�n xua�t la� 5% (la�m tro�n �e�n me�t).#Ba�i 7: 1. Cho # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### a. T�nh ga�n �u�ng B b. T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###
2. a. T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###; # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. b.
T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 8: a. T�m ca�c so� t�� nhie�n x, y, z sao cho
3xyz � 5yz + 3x + 3z = 5. b. Vie�t qui tr�nh ba�m ph�m t�nh toa�n tre�n.Ba�i 9:
Bie�t ph��ng tr�nh x4 � 18x3 + kx2 � 500x � 2004 = 0 co� t�ch hai nghie�m ba�ng
-12. Ha�y t�m k?�e� 12:(�e� ho�c sinh gio�i THCS t�nh Tha�i Nguye�n � na�m 2003)
Ba�i 1: a. Vie�t quy tr�nh t�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### b. T�nh gia� tr�
cu�a ABa�i 2: T�m x bie�t: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 3: T�nh A, B bie�t: #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###; # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 4: Cho da�y so� xa�c
��nh b��i co�ng th��c # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### a. Bie�t x1 = 0,5. La�p mo�t
qui tr�nh ba�m ph�m lie�n tu�c �e� t�nh xn. b. T�nh x12, x51.Ba�i 5: T�m UCLN
cu�a: a. 100712 va� 68954. b. 191 va� 473Ba�i 6: Mo�t tam gia�c co� ba ca�nh
v��i �o� da�i la� 30,735cm; 40,980cm; 51,225cm. T�nh die�n t�ch tam gia�c �o�.Ba�i
7: Cho P(x) = x4 + ax3 + bx2 + cx + d co� P(1) = 0; P(2) = 4; P(3) = 18; P(4) = 48.
T�nh P(2002)Ba�i 8: Khi chia �a th��c P(x) = 2x4 + 8x3 � 7x2 + 8x � 12 cho �a th��c
(x - 2) ta ����c th��ng la� �a th��c Q(x) co� ba�c la� 3. Ha�y t�m he� so� cu�a x2
trong Q(x).Ba�i 9: Vie�t qui tr�nh ba�m ph�m t�m th��ng va� so� d� trong phe�p chia
123456789 cho 23456. T�m gia� tr� cu�a th��ng va� so� d�.Ba�i 10: T�m ta�t ca� ca�c
���c so� cu�a � 2005.�e� 13:(�e� cho�n �o�i tuye�n thi khu v��c t�nh Tha�i Nguye�n
� na�m 2003)Ba�i 1: T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 2: T�m ta�t ca� ca�c ���c
nguye�n to� cu�a so� t�m ����c �� ba�i 1.Ba�i 3: Pha�n nguye�n cu�a x (la� so�
nguye�n l��n nha�t kho�ng v���t qua� x) ����c k� hie�u la� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###. T�m # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###bie�t:# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 4: Ph��ng
tr�nh sau �a�y ����c go�i la� ph��ng tr�nh Fermat: # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.
Pha�t bie�u ba�ng l��i: T�m ca�c so� co� n ch�� so� sao cho to�ng lu�y th��a ba�c n
cu�a ca�c ch�� so� ba�ng ch�nh so� a�y.Trong ca�c so� sau �a�y, so� na�o la�
nghie�m cu�a ph��ng tr�nh: 157; 301; 407; 1364; 92727; 93064; 948874; 174725;
4210818; 94500817; 472378975.Ba�i 5: Mo�t ng���i muo�n ra�ng sau hai na�m pha�i co�
20 000 000� (hai m��i trie�u �o�ng) �e� mua xe ma�y. Ho�i pha�i g��i va�o nga�n
ha�ng mo�t khoa�n tie�n nh� nhau ha�ng tha�ng la� bao nhie�u, bie�t ra�ng la�i
sua�t tie�t kie�m la� 0,075% tha�ng.Ba�i 6: T�m ta�t ca� ca�c nghie�m cu�a ph��ng
tr�nh x4 � 4x3 � 19x2 + 106x � 120 = 0.Ba�i 7: Cho h�nh ch�� nha�t ABCD. Qua B ke�
����ng vuo�ng go�c v��i ����ng che�o CA ta�i H. Bie�t BH = 1,2547cm; # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�nh die�n t�ch ABCD.Ba�i 8: Cho tam gia�c ABC co� # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###, BC = 12cm, AB = 6cm. Pha�n gia�c trong cu�a # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### ca�t ca�nh AC ta�i D. T�nh die�n t�ch tam gia�c ABD.Ba�i 9: So�
211 � 1 la� so� nguye�n to� hay h��p so�?Ba�i 10: T�m UCLN cu�a hai so� 7729 va�
11659.�e� 14:(�e� thi ho�c sinh gio�i THCS t�nh Tha�i Nguye�n � na�m 2004)Ba�i 1:
T�nh: a. A = 1,123456789 � 5,02122003 b. B = 4,546879231 + 107,356417895Ba�i 2:
Vie�t ca�c so� sau �a�y d���i da�ng pha�n so� to�i gia�n. a. C = 3124,142248
b. D = 5,(321)Ba�i 3: Gia� s�� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�nh # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###?Ba�i 4: Pha�i loa�i ca�c so� na�o trong to�ng # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### �e� ����c ke�t qua� ba�ng 1.Ba�i 5: Cho mo�t tam gia�c no�i
tie�p trong ����ng tro�n. Ca�c ��nh cu�a tam gia�c chia ����ng tro�n thanh ba cung
co� �o� da�i 3, 4, 5. T�m die�n t�ch tam gia�c?Ba�i 6: T�m so� t�� nhie�n a l��n
nha�t �e� khi chia ca�c so� 13511; 13903; 14589 cho a ta ����c cu�ng mo�t so� d�.
Ba�i 7: Cho 4 so� nguye�n, ne�u co�ng ba so� ba�t k� ta ����c ca�c so� la� 180;
197; 208; 222. T�m so� l��n nha�t trong ca�c so� nguye�n �o�?�e� 15:(�e� cho�n �o�i
tuye�n thi khu v��c t�nh Tha�i Nguye�n � na�m 2004)Ba�i 1: T�m ch�� so� tha�p pha�n
th�� 15 sau da�u pha�y cu�a # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.Ba�i 2: T�m ch�� so� tha�p
pha�n th�� 2004 sau da�u pha�y trong ke�t qua� cu�a phe�p chia 1 cho 53?Ba�i 3:
T�nh 20120032.Ba�i 4: T�m so� ha�ng nho� nha�t trong ta�t ca� ca�c so� ha�ng cu�a
da�y # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 5: T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 6: Cho
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###v��i 00 < x < 900. T�nh # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i
7: Cho tam gia�c ABC co� AB = 3,14; BC = 4,25; CA = 4,67. T�nh die�n t�ch tam gia�c
co� ��nh la� cha�n ba ����ng cao cu�a tam gia�c ABC.�e� 16:(Ta�p ch� Toa�n ho�c &
tuo�i tre� na�m 2005)Ba�i 1: T�m UCLN va� BCNN cu�a hai so� A = 1234566 va� B =
9876546.Ba�i 2: T�nh gia� tr� cu�a bie�u th��c # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### ta�i #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 3: T�m ca�c so� nguye�n d��ng x va� y sao cho x2 + y2
= 2009 va� x > y.Ba�i 4: T�nh ga�n �u�ng (�o�, phu�t, gia�y) go�c A cu�a tam gia�c
ABC bie�t ra�ng AB = 15cm, AC = 20cm va� BC = 24cm.Ba�i 5: T�nh ga�n �u�ng die�n
t�ch tam gia�c ABC bie�t ra�ng # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### va� AB = 18cm.Ba�i 6:
T�nh ga�n �u�ng gia� tr� cu�a bie�u th��c M = a4 + b4 + c4 ne�u a + b + c = 3, ab =
-2, b2 + c2 = 1.Ba�i 7: �a th��c P(x) = ax4 + bx3 + cx2 + dx + e co� gia� tr� ba�ng
5, 4, 3, 1, -2 la�n l���t ta�i x = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. T�nh gia� tr� cu�a a, b, c, d, e
va� t�nh ga�n �u�ng ca�c nghie�m cu�a �a th��c �o�.Ba�i 8: Cho bo�n �ie�m A, B, C,
D, E tre�n ����ng tro�n ta�m O ba�n k�nh ba�ng 1dm sao cho AB la� ����ng k�nh, #
EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### va� CE �i qua trung �ie�m cu�a OB. Go�i D la� trung �ie�m
cu�a OA. T�nh die�n t�ch cu�a tam gia�c CDE va� t�nh ga�n �u�ng go�c # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### (�o�, phu�t, gia�y).Ba�i 9: T�� gia�c ABCD no�i tie�p ����c
trong mo�t ����ng tro�n va� co� ca�c ca�nh AB = 5dm, BC = 6dm, CD = 8dm, DA = 7dm.
T�nh ga�n �u�ng ba�n k�nh ����ng tro�n no�i tie�p, ba�n k�nh ����ng tro�n ngoa�i
tie�p va� go�c l��n nha�t (�o�, phu�t, gia�y) cu�a t�� gia�c
�o�.Ba�i 10: Da�y so� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###����c xa�c ��nh nh� sau: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### v��i mo�i # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. T�nh to�ng cu�a 10 so�
ha�ng �a�u tie�n cu�a da�y so� �o�.Ba�i 11: T�nh ga�n �u�ng gia� tr� nho� nha�t va�
l��n nha�t cu�a pha�n th��c # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###Ba�i 12: T�m nho�m ba ch��
so� cuo�i cu�ng (ha�ng tra�m, ha�ng chu�c, ha�ng ��n v�) cu�a so�: # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###. Ba�i 13: T�nh ga�n �u�ng go�c nho�n x (�o�, phu�t, gia�y) ne�u
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.Ba�i 14: �ie�m E na�m tre�n ca�nh BC cu�a h�nh vuo�ng
ABCD. Tia pha�n gia�c cu�a ca�c go�c EBD, EAD ca�t ca�c ca�nh BC, CD t��ng ��ng
ta�i M, N. T�nh ga�n �u�ng gia� tr� nho� nha�t cu�a t� so� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###. T�nh ga�n �u�ng (�o�, phu�t, gia�y) go�c EAB ne�u # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###.
Ba�i 15: Hai ����ng tro�n ba�n k�nh 3dm va� 4dm tie�p xu�c ngoa�i v��i nhau ta�i
�ie�m A. Go�i B va� C la� ca�c tie�p �ie�m cu�a hai ����ng tro�n �o� v��i mo�t
tie�p tuye�n chung ngoa�i. T�nh ga�n �u�ng die�n t�ch cu�a h�nh gi��i ha�n b��i
�oa�n tha�ng BC va� hai cung nho� AB, AC.�e� 17:(Ta�p ch� Toa�n ho�c tuo�i th� 2
tha�ng 1 na�m 2005)Ba�i 1: T�nh gia� tr� cu�a bie�u th�c # EMBED Equation.DSMT4
###Ba�i 2: 2.1. T�m ga�n �u�ng (�e�n 10 ch�� so�) ta�t ca� ca�c nghie�m th��c cu�a
ph��ng tr�nh ba�c ba:# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 2.2. Trong ca�c ph��ng tr�nh
tre�n, ph��ng tr�nh na�o co� nghie�m h��u t�. Ch��ng minh? 2.3. T�nh ch�nh xa�c
nghie�m cu�a ca�c ph��ng tr�nh tre�n d���i da�ng bie�u th��c ch��a ca�n.Ba�i 3:
3.1. Da�y so� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### ����c xa�y d��ng nh� sau: Ch�� so�
# EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### la� to�ng ca�c ch�� so� trong c� so� 10 cu�a # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ###. Ha�y cho�n 5 so� ba�t ky� (co� so� ch�� so� la�n l���t la� 6,
7, 8, 9, 10) va� th��c hie�n quy tr�nh tre�n. �ie�u g� xa�y ra? Ha�y ch��ng minh
nha�n ��nh a�y? 3.2. Da�y so� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### co� t�nh cha�t: Ch��
so� # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### la� to�ng b�nh ph��ng ca�c ch�� so� trong c� so� 10
cu�a # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###. Ha�y cho�n 5 so� ba�t ky� (co� so� ch�� so� la�n
l���t la� 6, 7, 8, 9, 10) va� th��c hie�n quy tr�nh tre�n. �ie�u g� xa�y ra? Ha�y
ch��ng minh nha�n ��nh a�y?Ba�i 4: 4.1. T�m 11 so� t�� nhie�n lie�n tie�p co�
to�ng b�nh ph��ng cu�a chu�ng la� mo�t so� ch�nh ph��ng. 4.2. Co� hay kho�ng n
so� t�� nhie�n lie�n tie�p (2< n < 11) co� to�ng b�nh ph��ng cu�a chu�ng la� mo�t
so� ch�nh ph��ng?Ba�i 5: T�m mo�t so� t�� nhie�n co� t�nh cha�t: Ne�u vie�t lie�n
tie�p b�nh ph��ng va� la�p ph��ng cu�a no�, sau �o� �a�o ng���c so� nha�n ����c th�
ta nha�n ����c so� la� lu�y th��a ba�c sa�u cu�a so� ban �a�u.Ba�i 6: Mo�t ha�m f:
N ----> N cho mo�i so� t�� nhie�n n mo�t gia� tr� f(n) cu�ng la� so� t�� nhie�n,
theo co�ng th��c f(f(n)) = f(n) + n. 6.1. Ha�y t�m hai ha�m so� f: R ---> R
sao cho f(f(x)) = f(x) + x v��i mo�i x. 6.2. Ch��ng minh ra�ng kho�ng co� ca�c
ha�m so� kha�c tho�a ma�n.�e� 18:(Ta�p ch� Toa�n ho�c tuo�i th� 2 tha�ng 02 na�m
2005)Ba�i 1: Cho # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ### 1.1. T�nh tre�n ma�y gia� tr� cu�a
A. 1.2. T�nh ch�nh xa�c gia� tr� cu�a A.Ba�i 2: Mo�t ng���i mua nha� tr� gia�
hai tra�m trie�u �o�ng theo ph��ng th��c tra� go�p. Mo�i tha�ng anh ta tra� ba
trie�u �o�ng. 2.1. Sau bao la�u anh ta tra� he�t so� tie�n tre�n. 2.2. Ne�u
anh ta pha�i ch�u la�i sua�t cu�a so� tie�n ch�a tra� la� 0,04% tha�ng va� mo�i
tha�ng ke� t�� tha�ng th�� hai anh ta va�n tra� ba trie�u thi sau bao la�u anh ta
tra� he�t so� tie�n tre�n.Ba�i 3: �ie�m kie�m tra mo�n toa�n �� l��p 9A va� 9B
����c tho�ng ke� nh� sau (n la� �ie�m so�, trong ba�ng la� so� ho�c sinh �a�t �ie�m
n):n#3#4#5#6#7#8#9#10##9A#3#2#7#7#9#5#4#4##9B#1#1#3#15#10#9#1#1## 3.1. T�nh
�ie�m trung b�nh cu�a mo�n ho�c cu�a hai l��p. T�nh ph��ng sai va� �o� le�ch tie�u
chua�n? 3.2. Go�i 3, 4 la� �ie�m ye�u; 5, 6 la� �ie�m trung b�nh; 7, 8 la�
�ie�m kha� va� 9, 10 la� �ie�m gio�i. T�nh t� le� pha�n tra�m so� ho�c sinh �a�t
�ie�m ye�u, trung b�nh, kha�, gio�i cu�a hai l��p. Ke�t lua�n?Ba�i 4: 4.1. T�m
ch�n so� le� d��ng kha�c nhau # EMBED Equation.DSMT4 ###tho�a ma�n # EMBED
Equation.DSMT4 ### 4.2. To�n ta�i hay kho�ng sa�u, ba�y, ta�m so� le� d��ng
co� t�nh cha�t tre�n?Ba�i 5: 5.1. Ch��ng minh ra�ng ph��ng tr�nh Pell x2 � 2y2 = 1
ch� co� nghie�m nguye�n da�ng: xn = 3xn-1 + 4yn-1

Похожие интересы