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GLOBAL SERVICE TRAINING

374F / 390F Hydraulic Excavator


ELECTRONIC CONTROL SYSTEM AND MONITOR
MODULE 2 - TEXT REFERENCE

SERV1994

CAT, CATERPILLAR, their respective logos, ACERT, “Caterpillar Yellow” and the POWER EDGE
trade dress, as well as corporate and product identity used herein, are trademarks of Caterpillar
and may not be used without permission. © 2014 Caterpillar Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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SERV1994 - 05/14 -2- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY BRIEFING��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3
PURPOSE����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 4
REASON������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 5
COMPETENCY STATEMENT����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 6
LEARNING OUTCOMES������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 7
F-SERIES ELECTRONIC CONTROL SYSTEM AND MONITOR����������������������������������������������� 8
TIER 4 FINAL MACHINE ELECTRONIC CONTROL SYSTEM������������������������������������������������ 10
LRC MACHINE ELECTRONIC CONTROL SYSTEM��������������������������������������������������������������� 14
MAJOR ELECTRONIC CONTROL STRATEGIES�������������������������������������������������������������������� 29
MONITORING SYSTEM COMPONENT LOCATION���������������������������������������������������������������� 39
F-SERIES MONITOR - FEATURES AND OPERATION������������������������������������������������������������ 50
USING THE F-SERIES MONITOR������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 56
PURPOSE REVIEW���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 101
REASON REVIEW������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 102
COMPETENCY STATEMENT REVIEW���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 103
LEARNING OUTCOMES REVIEW����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 104
MODULE CONCLUSION�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 105

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -3- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

SAFETY BRIEFING
• Emergency Phone Numbers
• First Aid Responders
• Location of Exits
• Location of Fire Extinguisher
• Room Alerts or Hazards
• Designated Location for Evacuation
• Storm Shelter
• Hazardous Material

Safely Home. Everyone. Every Day.™

3
SAFETY BRIEFING

Before beginning this module, the following topics will be reviewed:


• Emergency Phone Numbers
• First Aid Responders
• Location of Exits
• Location of Fire Extinguisher
• Room Alerts or Hazards
• Designated Location for Evacuation
• Storm Shelter
• Hazardous Material

Safely Home. Everyone. Every Day.™

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -4- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

PURPOSE

This module is designed to ensure technicians can


locate, identify, and describe the functionality of all
electronic components in the machine electronic control
and monitoring system and to demonstrate proficiency
using all the features available in the F-Series monitor.

4
PURPOSE

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -5- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

REASON

It is necessary for technicians to identify electronic


system components, demonstrate knowledge of the
machine monitoring system, and make full usage of the
monitor in order to troubleshoot machine components
and systems, to change operating parameters, adjust
machine settings, and perform component calibrations
to ensure customers will experience quick, accurate
resolution of machine problems.

5
REASON

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -6- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

COMPETENCY STATEMENT

At the completion of this training session, participants


will be able to demonstrate proficiency using the
F-Series monitor during a lab exercise and identify the
major electronic components in the machine electronic
control system during a classroom post-assessment
with at least 80% accuracy.

6
COMPETENCY STATEMENT

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -7- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this 374F/390F Hydraulic


Excavator Electronic Control and Monitoring System
module, participants will be able to:
• Locate, identify, and describe the functionality of all
electronic components in the machine monitoring
system.
• Use the F-Series monitor to access and record
data, make changes to operational parameters, and
perform basic machine system calibrations.

7
LEARNING OUTCOMES

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -8- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

F-SERIES MONITOR

(1)
LCD Display

(2)
Soft Keys

(3)
Arrow Keys

8
F-SERIES ELECTRONIC CONTROL SYSTEM AND MONITOR
• Monitor and associated The 374F and 390F Hydraulic Excavators use the F-Series monitor, which is nearly
electronic control system identical to the E-Series monitor. Some menus and lists of components have
overview changed, due to the new hydraulic system and the resulting increase in electronic
components.

• Full color LCD display - metric or The monitor contains a full color Liquid Crystal Digit (LCD) Display (1) that provides
English units - multiple language vital operating and performance information in either metric or English units. The
capability monitor is capable of multiple language display in an easy-to-navigate format.

The monitor provides the service technician with diagnostic, configuration, and
calibration capabilities, as well as real-time status of most electronic components
• Monitor provides real-time and devices on the machine. The monitor also displays warning information, filter
status of electronic components, and fluid change information, and start-up level checks of hydraulic oil, engine oil,
diagnostic, configuration, and and engine coolant for the operator. The option to initiate an automatic machine
calibration capabilities and hydraulic system warm-up mode is offered at KEY ON, if the machine is cold.

• A rear view video camera is An optional rear view video camera image can be displayed on the monitor’s
optional - up to three cameras screen, when selected. If installed, up to three different video camera images may
can be installed and then be displayed on the screen, one at a time.
displayed on monitor’s screen
The Soft Keys (2) and Arrow Keys (3) allow the operator or service technician
to navigate and scroll through all the available screens and lists, and to input
information. The function of each of the five soft keys changes, according to the
displayed function above the keys. The arrow keys are used to scroll through
menu selections and lists displayed on the screen.

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The 10 soft switches on the soft switch panel (right side instrument panel) can be
used as a keyboard to input the numbers 0 through 9 into the monitor.

• Monitoring system consists of: The F-Series monitor continuously monitors the electronic components in all
-- Hardware (ECMs) and software machine systems. The monitoring system consists of both hardware and software
(Flash Files) components. The hardware components are the F-Series monitor, the ECMs, the
-- Data Links Data Links, and the wiring harnesses connected to the electrical components. The
software consists of the Flash Files that are loaded into the monitor and the ECMs,
-- Wiring harnesses which allow for the two-way communications between the ECMs and the operator
-- Electrical components and or service technician.
devices
-- Operator can view status of The monitor is electronically connected with all of the ECMs on the machine,
machine systems/components, allowing the operator to view the status of the various systems information, to
select work tools, and configure operator parameters and operating modes, and select work tools. The
configure operator parameters - monitor will alert the operator whenever routine service is due and when there are
displays alerts and warnings problems with monitored components on the machine.

• Technician can view information, The monitoring system allows the service technician to view active and logged
clear codes, reset machine codes and events, clear logged error codes, reset machine maintenance intervals
maintenance intervals, configure after servicing, view the real time status or state of monitored components,
parameters, test electrical calibrate components, configure component and system parameters, test electrical
components, and override ECM components, and override preset commands from the ECMs. These features allow
commands the technician to use the monitor to more easily troubleshoot machine and
component problems.
• Useful as a troubleshooting tool
The F-Series monitor Main Menu contains 12 icons that allow the displayed
information to be more easily accessible. The Main Menu may contain additional
• 12 icons on monitor’s Main Menu icons, depending on how the machine is equipped. The Main Menu icons organize
for viewing/changing information the monitor functions, allowing for ease of accessing and viewing information,
and parameters, viewing and changing parameters, clearing codes/events, selecting work tools, and/or
clearing error codes and events, performing service procedures. In most cases, the necessary screens are no more
performing service procedures than three levels deep in the hierarchical menu structure. The Service menu gains
access to calibration and configuration routines that display step-by-step
instructions for performing the procedures, much like Cat ET.

• Technician may connect laptop The service technician can also connect a laptop equipped with Caterpillar
with Cat ET to load software Electronic Technician® (Cat ET®) to perform all the functions the monitor provides,
(Flash Files) to all ECMs plus allow the technician to load (flash) new software to all of the ECMs. Cat ET
has the same functionality with the F-Series machines that has been available in
the D-Series and E-Series machines.

NOTE: The screen with the Caterpillar logo (shown above) is displayed
briefly at machine startup.

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ELECTRONIC CONTROL SYSTEM


TIER 4 FINAL MACHINES
(1) (2) (5)
Machine (3) (4) F-Series
Operator Controls
ECM ACS ACS Monitor
(Switches/Sensors)
ECM-1 ECM-2

(11)
(10) (8) ACS CAN Data Link
Switch
Machine Panel
Status ECM
Inputs

(9) Machine CAN Data Link


(6)
Video
(12) Engine ECM Cameras
(7) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link
(16)
NOx
(15) (14)
Sensors
Clean Engine
Emissions CAN (13) Cat Data Link
(23) Module (CEM) Data
NOx Link
Sensor
ECUs

(17) Aftertreatment (22)


CAN Data Link Cat ET
(18)
DEF Dosing (19)
Control Unit Aftertreatment
ECM
(20) Gateway (21) Comm
Worldview ECM Adapter III

10
TIER 4 FINAL MACHINE ELECTRONIC CONTROL SYSTEM

• 374F/390F electronic control The Electronic Control System controls most of the machine, engine, and
system is similar to the E-Series aftertreatment functions of the 374F and 390F Hydraulic Excavators. The system
machines uses the F-Series monitor, but with additional menus, ECMs, and increased lists of
electronic devices, as compared to the D-Series machine. The monitor allows the
• Additional ECMs, menus, and technician to view the status of electronic components and devices. The monitor’s
devices functionality provides on-screen prompts and instructions that lead the technician
• Monitor functions similarly to step-by-step through most procedures and calibrations, similar to Cat ET.
Cat ET
The 374F/390F Electronic Control Systems use a minimum of six data links to
• Electronic control system manage communications between ECMs, Cat ET, and machine components:
contains a minimum of six Data
Links: • The Engine ECM (12), the Machine ECM (2), ACS ECM-1 (3), ACS
-- CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (7) ECM-2 (4), the F-Series Monitor (5), Cat ET (23), Aftertreatment ECM (19),
and the Gateway WorldView ECM (20) all communicate with each other via the
-- Cat Data Link (13) Cat Data Link (13) and also via the high speed CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (7).
-- Machine CAN Data Link (9)
• Machine Status Inputs (10), such as the hydraulic oil temperature sensor, are
-- Engine CAN Data Link (14) inputs to the Switch Panel ECM (11). The Switch Panel ECM communicates
with the Machine ECM and the F-Series Monitor over a dedicated Machine
-- ACS CAN Data Link (8) CAN Data Link (9).
-- Aftertreatment CAN Data
Link (17)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -11- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

• The Engine ECM communicates with the Aftertreatment ECM (20)


over a dedicated Engine CAN Data Link (14). The Aftertreatment ECM
communicates with the NOX Sensor Electronic Control Units (ECUs) (23), and
the DEF Dosing Control Unit (DCU) (18) via the dedicated Aftertreatment CAN
Data Link (17). The DCU monitors and controls the DEF injectors and other
Tier 4 Final components in the Pump Electronics Tank Unit (PETU). The NOX
Sensor ECUs monitor the NOX Sensors (16), which detect the level of Nitrous
Oxide (NOX) in the exhaust before and after the CEM.
• The numerous electronic devices in the hydraulic system require secondary
ECMs to accommodate all the inputs and outputs of the system. The primary
Machine ECM communicates directly with ACS ECM-1 and ACS ECM-2 via
the ACS CAN Data Link (8).

• Cat ET uses Cat Data Link Cat ET is used to diagnose system and component problems and to flash software
and/or the CAN 2 Data Link into the programmable ECMs via the Cat Data Link and/or the CAN 2 (J1939) Data
for diagnostics and flashing Link. The F-Series monitor allows most of the ECMs to be flashed using a USB
(programming) ECMs memory device plugged into the back of the monitor.
In most cases, machine input components send signals to the Machine ECM. The
Machine ECM and the ACS ECMs control the output components.
• Machine status inputs directly Machine system status input components, such as the hydraulic oil temperature
feed the Switch Panel ECM, sensor, the engine oil level switch, the fuel level sensor, and the engine coolant
which shares the data with the temperature sensor communicate directly with the Switch Panel ECM. The Switch
Monitor and the Machine ECM Panel ECM shares this information with the Machine ECM and the monitor over the
through the Machine CAN Data Machine CAN Data Link. The monitor displays the status and allows control and
Link calibration of these components and devices. The Machine ECM then shares
machine status input information with the appropriate ECMs via the Cat Data Link
and/or the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link.
The rear view Video Cameras (7) are displayed on the monitor screen when
the operator selects that mode from the monitor. Up to three cameras can be
displayed on the monitor.
The Gateway WorldView ECM is the hardware that enables Health Watch on
Caterpillar Machines equipped with Caterpillar Electronic Control Modules (ECMs).
In addition, the four switch channels can be used on any machine, Cat or non-Cat,
to monitor on-board switches. The Gateway WorldView ECM must be installed to
enable Health Watch subscriptions. Also, a cellular based Product Link system
can be ordered to replace the radio and satellite based system. The cellular based
system uses only one ECM, connected to a cellular antenna and a GPS antenna,
and replaces both the Gateway WorldView ECM and the Product Link radio.

Health Watch provides these remote monitoring features:


• Event and diagnostic codes, history, and alerts
• Event and diagnostic code troubleshooting procedures
• Fuel level, history, and alerts
• Fuel used, history, and graphic display
• Refueling history
• Four digital switch channels

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C15 / C18 TIER 4 FINAL ENGINE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Input Components
(3) (7)
(2)
Key Other Devices
Aftertreatment
Start
(9) ECM
Switch (1) Machine ECM
Switch Engine ECM
Panel
Gateway World View ECM
ECM
(4) Engine CAN Data Link
(5) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link
Monitor

(6) Cat Data Link


Cat ET
(8) Machine CAN Data Link

Engine Oil Pressure Sensor Ground Level Shutdown Switch

TDC Service Probe Connector


Fuel Pressure Sensor (post-filter)

Fuel Temperature Sensor NRS Intake Air Pressure Sensor

Barometric Pressure Sensor NRS Differential Pressure Sensor

Coolant Temperature Sensor Coolant Level Switch

Charge Air (ATAAC) Temperature Sensor NRS Air Temperature Sensor

Air Inlet Temperature Sensor CRS Cab Switch

Air Filter Pressure (Restriction) Sensor Primary Speed/Timing Sensor

Intake Manifold Air Pressure Sensor Secondary Speed/Timing Sensor

12
Tier 4 Final Engine and Emissions Electrical System
• Discussion on input components The illustration above shows the direct input components to the Engine ECM (1)
to the Engine ECM and installed on either the C15 or C18 ACERT technology Tier 4 Final engine.
connectivity to the Electronic
Control System The Engine ECM can send and receive sensor signal information to/from Other
Devices (7) over the Cat Data Link (6) or the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (5). Sensor
data monitored by the Engine ECM is made available to the F-Series monitor over
the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link. The Key Start Switch (3) is an input to the Engine
ECM and provides power for all ECMs to operate. The key start switch is monitored
by all ECMs on the machine.
The Aftertreatment ECM (2), which monitors and controls all aftertreatment
components not mounted on the engine, communicates with the Engine ECM over
a dedicated Engine CAN Data Link (4). The information exchanged between these
ECMs is only made available to the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link by the Engine ECM.
Cat ET will display sensor information that is monitored by the Soot Sensor Module
and the ARD Air Flow Control Module, but that sensor data will be provided to Cat
ET by the Engine ECM.
The Engine ECM monitors all the input component signals and controls the engine
output components as determined by the engine software. The Engine ECM also
considers data from the Machine ECM, the Switch Panel ECM, and the monitor for
controlling engine output components. The engine speed dial, or throttle control, is
integrated into the Switch Panel ECM.
NOTE: Callouts not referenced in the text above, or in subsequent graphics and
text throughout this module, are shown for reference purposes only.

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C15 / C18 TIER 4 FINAL ENGINE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


Output Components
(7)
Other Devices
(2)
(3) Key
Aftertreatment Machine ECM
Start Switch
ECM
(1)
Engine ECM Gateway WorldView ECM

(4) Engine CAN Data Link Monitor


(5) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(6) Cat Data Link Cat ET

Fuel Injectors
Turbo Balance Valve Solenoid

Fuel Diverter Solenoid Valve

Hydraulic Cooling Fan Pump Solenoid

Fan Reversing Solenoid NRS Valve Solenoid

Ether Start Aid Solenoid

Priming Pump Relay

+5 Volt Supply

+8 Volt Supply ARD Ignition Transformer


13
• Discussion regarding engine The illustration above shows the engine output components installed on either the
output components controlled by C15 or C18 ACERT technology Tier 4 Final engine. The components of the CEM
the Engine ECM will be discussed in the Emissions module of this training package.

The output components shown above are controlled by the Engine ECM, according
to the data received from the input components to the Engine ECM and also from
shared data from Other Devices (7) on the machine.

The Engine ECM can send engine component status information to other ECMs
over the Cat Data Link (CDL) or the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (5). The Tier 4 Final
aftertreatment output components for the CEM and the DEF tank are controlled by
the Aftertreatment ECM (2) and/or the DEF DCU. These communications between
the Engine ECM and the Aftertreatment ECM occur over the dedicated Engine
CAN Data Link (4). Electronic component status data monitored by the Engine
ECM is made available to the F-Series monitor over the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link.
Other data is made available to other ECMs on the machine through other CAN or
Cat Data Links.

The Engine ECM can provide engine and CEM mounted sensor data to any other
ECM or Cat ET over the Cat Data Link or the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link. However,
the CAN 2 Data Link is the primary communication path used by the Engine ECM.

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ELECTRONIC CONTROL SYSTEM


LRC MACHINES
(1) (2) (5)
Machine (3) (4) F-Series
Operator Controls
ECM ACS ACS Monitor
(Switches/Sensors)
ECM 1 ECM 2

(8) ACS CAN Data Link

(9) Machine CAN Data Link


(6)
Video
(12) Engine ECM Cameras
(7) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(13) Cat Data Link

(11)
Switch (10)
Panel Machine
ECM Status
Inputs
(16)
Cat ET

(14) Gateway (15) Comm


Worldview ECM Adapter III

14
LRC MACHINE ELECTRONIC CONTROL SYSTEM

• 374F and 390F electronic control The illustration above shows the machine electrical system with all the standard
system showing ECM and data ECMs installed on the 374F and 390F LRC Hydraulic Excavators and their
link connectivity connectivity with one another through Data Links. The Engine ECM (12)
communicates bidirectionally, via the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (7), with the
• Discussion covers F-Series Monitor (5), the Machine ECM (2), the ACS ECM 1 (3), the
communications between ECMs ACS ECM 2 (4), the Gateway Worldview ECM (14), and with Cat ET (16), via the
and other electronic components Comm Adapter III (15). The Engine ECM also communicates bidirectionally over
via the CAN and Cat Data Links the Cat Data Link (13) with the F-Series Monitor, the Machine ECM, and Cat ET.
Some engine strategies are tied to machine performance. Inputs from engine and
machine sensors that impact those strategies communicate their data between
ECMs through various data links, as shown. Back and forth communications and
sharing of data take place for numerous machine and engine components in order
to initiate engine and pump strategies that optimize horsepower and conserve fuel.
The F-Series Monitor is constantly updated with engine information from the
Engine ECM. The monitor keeps the operator informed with displays showing the
status of engine conditions such as engine speed, coolant temperature, and other
operating parameters.
The F-Series monitor warns the operator or technician of faults or conditions that
may damage the engine.

NOTE: Callouts on graphics not mentioned in the text are shown for
reference purposes only.

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C15 / C18 LRC ENGINE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


Input Components
(5)
Other Devices

(7) (2) Key (1) Machine ECM


Switch Start Switch Engine ECM
Panel Gateway World View ECM
ECM
(3) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link
Monitor

(6) Machine CAN Data Link (4) Cat Data Link


Cat ET

Engine Oil Pressure Sensor Ground Level Shutdown Switch

Primary Fuel Filter Pressure Sensor (post-filter)


TDC Service Probe Connector

Barometric Pressure Sensor


Secondary Fuel Filter Intlet Pressure Sensor

Coolant Temperature Sensor

Secondary Fuel Filter Outlet Pressure Sensor

Intake Manifold Air Temperature Sensor

Fuel Temperature Sensor

Water In Fuel Sensor

Coolant Level Switch


Air Inlet Temperature Sensor

Primary Speed/Timing Sensor


Air Filter Pressure (Restriction) Sensor

Intake Manifold Air Pressure Sensor Secondary Speed/Timing Sensor

15
LRC Engine Electrical system

• Discussion regarding engine The illustration above shows the direct and indirect input components to the Engine
input components to the Engine ECM (1) for the C15 and C18 LRC engines used in the 374F and 390F.
ECM
The Engine ECM can send and receive sensor signal information to and from
Other Devices (5) over the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (3) and the Cat Data Link (4).
Sensor data monitored by the Engine ECM is made available to the Monitor and
other ECMs on the machine via the CAN 2 Data Link. Engine speed is determined
by the PWM signal from the engine throttle dial position sensor (Engine Speed
Dial) contained in the Switch Panel ECM (7), which is communicated over the
Machine CAN Data Link (6).

The Engine ECM controls the engine output components based on the data from
the input components according to the strategies contained in the engine software.
The engine output components are discussed later in this presentation.

• Brief explanations of each Electrical input components:


electrical input component to the
Engine ECM • Key Start Switch: The Key ON input to the Engine ECM enables the ECM for
operation and is recognized by any ECM on the machine.
• Engine Oil Pressure Sensor: An input to the Engine ECM to supply an
informational warning for low oil pressure, engine derates for low oil pressure,
or logged events.

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• Primary Fuel Filter Pressure Sensor (post-filter): Installed in the Primary


Fuel Filter 1 base and is used to monitor post-filter fuel pressure. The sensor
sends a signal to the Engine ECM, which uses this information to determine if
the filter is clogged and also for engine derates and logged events.
• Fuel Temperature Sensor: Installed in the Secondary Fuel Filter base
and sends fuel temperature data to the Engine ECM. The ECM uses this
information for injection calculations and for engine derates and logged events.
• Barometric Pressure Sensor: Measures the ambient air pressure and is
used as a reference for air filter restriction. Also, the sensor is used to supply
information to the Engine ECM during operation at high altitudes. (This sensor
is also referred to as the Atmospheric Pressure Sensor.)
• Coolant Temperature Sensor: An input to the Engine ECM supplying
information on the temperature of the engine coolant. The ECM uses this
information for fan speed, high coolant temperature warnings, engine derates
for high coolant temperature, or logged events.
• Air Inlet Temperature Sensor: Supplies air temperature data at the air filter
to the Engine ECM. The signal from this sensor is used by the Engine ECM to
determine if ether injection is required or if the inlet air heater is needed, if the
machine is equipped with either of these attachments. The temperature signal
is also used in several starting and operational strategies. The ECM also uses
this information for engine derates and logged events.
• Air Filter Pressure (Restriction) Sensor: An input to the Engine ECM that
supplies data about the air pressure before the turbocharger. The signal from
this sensor is compared to the signal from the barometric pressure sensor by
the Engine ECM to determine air filter restriction. If the difference between
these two pressures becomes great enough, the Monitor will alert the operator
of a “Clogged Air Filter.” The ECM also uses this information for engine
derates and logged events.
• Intake Manifold Air Pressure Sensor: An input to the Engine ECM to supply
information about the air pressure inside the intake manifold.
• Ground Level Shutdown Switch: An input to the Engine ECM. This input
disables fuel injection when the engine is running or at engine start-up.
• TDC Service Probe Connector: Used for timing the engine using a timing
calibration probe and Cat ET.
• Secondary Fuel Filter Inlet Pressure Sensor: Installed in the inlet to the
Secondary Fuel Filter base and is used to monitor pre-filter fuel pressure. The
sensor sends a signal to the Engine ECM.
• Secondary Fuel Filter Outlet Pressure Sensor: Installed in the outlet of
the Secondary Fuel Filter base and is used to monitor post-filter fuel pressure.
The sensor sends a signal to the Engine ECM, which compares the signal to
the Inlet Pressure Sensor to determine if the filter is clogged.
• Intake Manifold Air Temperature Sensor: Supplies intake air (ATAAC)
temperature data at the intake manifold to the Engine ECM. The ECM uses
this information for engine operation strategies, engine derates, and logged
events.
• Coolant Level Switch: An input to the Engine ECM supplying information on
the level of engine coolant in the shunt (expansion or overflow) tank. If the
level is low, the Monitor will alert the operator of the condition.

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• Primary Speed/Timing Sensor: Sends a signal to the Engine ECM in order


to determine the speed, the direction, and the timing of the engine during
normal operating conditions.
• Secondary Speed/Timing Sensor: Sends a signal to the Engine ECM in
order to determine the speed, the direction, and the timing of the engine when
starting and during low idle conditions.
• Engine Oil Level Switch: Used to monitor the engine oil level. If the oil level
is low or if the machine is operating on an extreme slope, the monitor will alert
the operator of the condition.
• Water In Fuel Sensor: Located at the bottom of the Primary Fuel Filter 2
monitors for water being present in the fuel. The water will collect in the
sediment bowl at the bottom of the filter. The Monitor will notify the operator
”Water In Fuel” when a certain level of water is detected The water needs to
be drained on a daily basis, using the water and sediment drain valve.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -18- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

C15 / C18 LRC ENGINE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


Output Components
(5)
Other Devices
(2) Key Machine ECM
Start Switch
(1)
Engine ECM Gateway WorldView ECM

(3) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link Monitor

(4) Cat Data Link Cat ET

Fuel Injectors
Hydraulic Cooling Fan Pump Solenoid

Fan Reversing Solenoid

+5 Volt Supply Ether Start Aid Solenoid

+8 Volt Supply Priming Pump Relay


18
• Discussion regarding engine The illustration above shows the engine output components controlled by the
output components controlled by Engine ECM (1). The Engine ECM can send sensor signal information to Other
the Engine ECM Devices (5) over the Cat Data Link (4) or the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (3). The
status of the output components is monitored by the Engine ECM and is made
available to the monitor over the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link or the Cat Data Link.
The Engine ECM can provide engine status data to any other ECM or to Cat ET
over the Cat Data Link or the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link, however, the CAN 2 Data
Link is the primary communication path used by the ECM.

• Brief explanations of each Electrical output components:


electrical output component
controlled by the Engine ECM • Hydraulic Cooling Fan Pump Solenoid: Based on the input signals, the
Engine ECM ENERGIZES the cooling fan pump solenoid to control fan speed
in proportion to the determining temperature sensor inputs (hydraulic oil,
engine intake air, engine coolant) and the fan speed maps contained in the
Engine ECM software (Flash File). Hydraulic oil temperature data is monitored
by the Machine ECM and is communicated to the Engine ECM via the CAN 2
(J1939) Data Link or the Cat Data Link.

• Fuel Injectors: The injector solenoids are ENERGIZED by the Engine ECM to
operate the injectors, which control the amount and timing of the fuel supply to
the engine cylinders.

• Fan Reversing Solenoid: The Engine ECM ENERGIZES this


ON/OFF solenoid to reverse the flow of oil from the fan pump to the fan
motors, which reverses the direction of fan rotation when activated manually,
using the appropriate screens in the Monitor.
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SERV1994 - 05/14 -19- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

• Ether Start Aid Solenoid: If equipped, the Engine ECM ENERGIZES the
ether aid solenoid to inject ether into the intake air at the air inlet manifold
according to the charge air temperature sensor input and the ether injection
map contained in the Engine ECM software (Flash File).

• Priming Pump Relay: The Engine ECM activates this relay to operate the
electric fuel priming pump when the machine key switch is first turned to the
ON position.

• +5 Volt Supply: The regulated 5 volt power supply for the sensor inputs to the
Engine ECM.

• +8 Volt Supply: The regulated 8 volt power supply for the sensor inputs to the
Engine ECM.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -20- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor
374F / 390F HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR - MACHINE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Machine ECM Input Components
(4) (3) (2) (1)
(11) Engine ECM ACS ECM-2 ACS ECM-1 Machine ECM (5)
Cat ET F-Series
Monitor

(7) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(9) ACS CAN Data Link


(8) Machine CAN Data Link
(10) Cat Data Link

Left Joystick Sliding Lever


Key Start
Switch Straight Travel Pilot Front Pump Left Joystick Upper Switch
Pressure Sensor (Pump 1)
Pressure Sensor Left Joystick Lower Switch
(if equipped)

Right Joystick Sliding Lever

Pilot Pressure Right Joystick Upper Switch


Sensor Rear Pump
(Pump 2) Right Joystick Lower Switch
Pressure Sensor

Left Joystick
Travel Left Pilot X & Y Position Left Trigger Switch
Pressure Sensor Sensors Front Pump
(if equipped)
Displacement (6)
Sensor Switch
Panel
ECM

Travel Right Pilot Right Trigger Switch


Pressure Sensor (if equipped)
Rear Pump
Right Joystick Displacement
X & Y Position Sensor
Sensors
Boom Head End
Swing Pressure
Pressure Sensor
Sensor

(17) Auxiliary
Hydraulic Lockout Foot Pedal
Switch (if equipped)
20
MACHINE ECM ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Machine ECM Input Components
• Discussion regarding the input The illustration above shows the input components to the Machine ECM (1). The
components of the Machine ECM Machine ECM uses the signals from these input components, along with software
strategies, to control the output components in order to satisfy operator requests.
The signals received through the ACS CAN Data Link (9) from components that are
monitored and controlled by the ACS ECM-1 (2) and the ACS ECM-2 (3) determine
how the Machine ECM controls its output components. (The Machine ECM output
components and the ACS ECMs and their input/output components are discussed
later in this module.)
ACS ECM-1 monitors and controls the electronic components for the boom and
bucket functions, controlled by the lower Independent Metering Valve (IMV) sections
of the ACS valve. ACS ECM-2 monitors and controls the electronic components for
the stick functions and any optional high pressure valve section in the upper IMV
sections of the ACS valve. The Machine ECM monitors and controls the electronic
components in the center section of the ACS valve, as well as a number of other
machine system components not related to the implement system. The swing
system input and output components are located in the center section and are
monitored and controlled by the Machine ECM.
The Machine ECM also sends and receives sensor signal information to and from
the Engine ECM (4) and the F-Series Monitor (5) over the Cat Data Link (10) or the
CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (7). Data is exchanged between the F-Series monitor,
the Switch Panel ECM (6), and the Machine ECM over the dedicated Machine CAN
Data Link (8).

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -21- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

Numerous machine input and output components are also monitored and/or
controlled by the (non-programmable) Switch Panel ECM for operation of machine
functions and engine control.

Cat ET (11) can communicate with the Engine ECM, the Machine ECM, and the
F-Series monitor via the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link or the Cat Data Link. Cat ET can
communicate with or load software (Flash Files) to the ACS ECM-1 and the ACS
ECM-2 only through the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -22- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor
374F / 390F HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR - MACHINE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Machine ECM Output Components
(4) (3) (2) (1)
Engine ECM ACS ECM-2 ACS ECM-1 Machine ECM
(11) (5)
Cat ET F-Series
Monitor

(7) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(9) ACS CAN Data Link


(8) Machine CAN Data Link
(10) Cat Data Link

Flow
Swing Right Travel Speed Combiner
PHMV Change Solenoid Solenoid

Swing Left Boom Side


PHMV Boom Drift
Reduction Warm-up
Valve Solenoid Solenoid

Swing Brake
Solenoid Stick Side
Stick Drift
Reduction Warm-up
Valve Solenoid Solenoid
Hydraulic (6)
Lock Switch
Solenoid Panel
Front Pump Front Pump ECM
Control Solenoid Bypass Cut
(Pump 1) PHMV
Front Pump
NFC PRV

Rear Pump Rear Pump


Control Solenoid Bypass Cut
Rear Pump (Pump 2) PHMV
NFC PRV

Power Shift Straight Main Relief


Pressure Travel Pressure Change
PRV PHMV PRV 22
Machine ECM Output Components
• Discussion regarding the output The illustration above shows the output components of the Machine ECM (1). The
components of the Machine ECM Machine ECM uses signals from the input components, along with software
strategies, to control these output components in order to satisfy operator requests.
The signals received through the ACS CAN Data Link (9) from components that are
monitored and controlled by the ACS ECM-1 (2) and the ACS ECM-2 (3) can also
determine how the Machine ECM controls its output components.

The Machine ECM also sends and receives sensor signal information to and from
the Engine ECM (4) and the F-Series Monitor (5) over the Cat Data Link (10) or the
CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (7). Data is exchanged between the F-Series monitor,
the Switch Panel ECM (6), and the Machine ECM over the dedicated Machine
CAN Data Link (8). Numerous machine input and output components are also
monitored and/or controlled by the (non-programmable) Switch Panel ECM for
operation of machine functions and engine control.

The output components of the Machine ECM do not control boom, stick, or bucket
functions. Those functions are controlled by the two ACS ECMs. However, the
Machine ECM does control the swing function and peripheral output components
related to the implement functions, such as the Swing Brake Solenoid (12),
the pump control solenoids, the drift reduction solenoids, other solenoids and
Proportional Hydraulic Modulating Valves (PHMVs) related to the hydraulic system.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -23- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

The travel function is pilot operated. Accordingly, there are no solenoids used
to control the travel valve spools in the main hydraulic control valve, with the
exception of the Straight Travel PHMV, which activates the straight travel valve
spool.

Although this is not an Negative Flow Control (NFC) hydraulic system, two NFC
PRV solenoids are used to create a pump an NFC signal from pilot pressure oil and
is directed to the front pump and rear pump regulators as a means to replace the
load sensing signal used in the D-Series hydraulic system.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -24- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor
374F / 390F HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR - MACHINE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Adaptive Control System (ACS) ECMs - Input and Output Components

(4) (3) (2) (1)


Engine ECM ACS ECM-2 ACS ECM-1 Machine ECM
(11) (5)
Cat ET F-Series
Monitor

(7) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(9) ACS CAN Data Link


(8) Machine CAN Data Link
(10) Cat Data Link

Stick Boom
Head End Head End
P-C PHMV P-C PHMV
Stick Cylinder Boom Cylinder
Head End Head End
Pressure Sensor Stick Boom Pressure Sensor
Head End Head End
C-T PHMV C-T PHMV

Stick Cylinder
Boom Cylinder
Rod End Stick Boom Rod End
Pressure Sensor Rod End Rod End Pressure Sensor
P-C PHMV P-C PHMV

Auxiliary Valve
Section Head End Stick Boom Bucket Cylinder
Pressure Sensor Rod End Rod End Rod End (6)
(if equipped) C-T PHMV C-T PHMV Pressure Sensor Switch
Panel
Auxiliary Valve ECM
Auxiliary Valve Bucket
Extend
Section Rod End Head End Bucket Cylinder
P-C PHMV
Pressure Sensor P-C PHMV Head End
(if equipped)
(if equipped) Pressure Sensor
Auxiliary Valve
Bucket
Extend
Head End
C-T PHMV
C-T PHMV
(if equipped)

Auxiliary Valve Bucket


Retract Rod End
P-C PHMV P-C PHMV
(if equipped)

Auxiliary Valve
Bucket
Retract
Rod End
24
C-T PHMV
C-T PHMV
(if equipped)

Adaptive Control System ECMs - Input and Output Components

• Overview of inputs to and The ACS valve in the 374F and 390F Hydraulic Excavators is equipped with two
outputs from the ACS ECMs secondary ECMs to control the boom, stick, bucket, and auxiliary functions (if
equipped). ACS ECM-1 (2) uses eight solenoid controlled Proportional Hydraulic
Modulating Valves (PHMVs) for controlling the boom and bucket functions, using
the input signals from the right joystick position sensors. ACS ECM-2 (3) uses four
solenoid controlled PHMVs for controlling the stick functions, using the input
signals from the left joystick position sensors.

The ACS control valve uses one Independent Metering Valve (IMV) section
to control each implement function. Each IMV section contains four solenoid
controlled PHMVs that actuate:
• Pump-to-Cylinder (P-C), rod end IMV spool
• Cylinder-to-Tank (C-T), rod end IMV spool
• P-C, head end IMV spool
• C-T, head end IMV spool

This strategy allows for independent control of oil flow to the cylinder head ends
and rod ends, for cylinder movement, and to ports for motor rotation in either
direction.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -25- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

The ACS ECM-1 also monitors the pressures in these circuits, to and from each
implement cylinder. By monitoring the circuit pressures, the Machine ECM is able
to more precisely control the flow of oil to and from the cylinders by constantly
adjusting the current values to the solenoid controlled PHMVs, which in turn control
the position of the IMV spools. The position of any IMV spool controls the flow of
oil to and from the associated side of the implement cylinder (or motor).

The Machine ECM (1) receives the Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) signals from
the joystick position sensors, then shares the information with the ACS ECMs. The
software loaded in the ACS ECMs then determines what current value to send to
the related PHMVs, considering the signals from related pressure sensors and
other sensors in the hydraulic system.

For example, when the operator moves the right joystick to the BOOM RAISE
position, the joystick position sensor sends a PWM signal to the Machine ECM,
which shares that signal with the ACS ECM-1, via the ACS CAN Data Link (9). The
ACS ECM-1 then sends proportional PWM currents to the Boom Head End P-C
PHMV and the Boom Rod End C-T PHMV. This action allows pump supply oil to
flow to the boom cylinder head ends and oil from the rod ends to return to tank.

The ACS ECM-1 monitors the Boom Head End Pressure Sensor, which senses the
oil pressure flowing from the Boom Head End P-C IMV spool to the boom cylinder
head ends. The ACS ECM-1 also monitors the Boom Rod End Pressure Sensor,
which senses the oil pressure flowing from the boom cylinder rod ends to the Boom
Rod End C-T IMV spool.

Depending on other conditions in the hydraulic system, the Boom Raise and Boom
Lower Pressure Sensors may indicate the need for the ACS ECM-1 to alter the
PWM current to one or both of the ENERGIZED PHMVs, which can either open
up or close down one or both of the IMV spools. The Machine ECM may also
increase or decrease pump displacement, in order to adjust pump flow rates to the
operator request for cylinder speed. If the operator changes the joystick position,
the ACS ECM-1 will change the current to one or both of the boom PHMVs. This
current change will cause changes in the flow rate of the oil to and from the boom
cylinders, changing the cylinder speed to match the operator request.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -26- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor
374F / 390F HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR - MACHINE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Switch Panel ECM - Input and Output Components

(3)
Engine ECM
(4)
F-Series Monitor
(2)
Machine ECM
(5) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(6) Cat Data Link

(7) Machine CAN Data Link


(1)
Switch
Panel
ECM

Overload Warning
Alarm Enable Switch
Quick Coupler
Solenoid

Windshield Fuel Level


Washer Switch Sensor

Quick Coupler
Key Start Bypass Cut
Wiper Switch Solenoid
Low Switch

Return Oil Filter


Wiper Switch Plugged Switch Travel Alarm
Intermittent 3

Hydraulic Oil Fault Alarm


Wiper Switch Temperature Sensor
Intermittent 6

Boom Lamp
Water Seperator Relay
Fine Swing Switch Level Sensor
(if equipped)

Smart Boom Hydraulic Oil Cab Lamp


Mode Switch Level Switch Relay
(if equipped)

Alternator-R
Quick Coupler
26
Terminal
Unlock Switch

Switch Panel ECM - Input and Output Components


• Overview of inputs to and The Switch Panel ECM (1) contains function switches and a non-programmable
outputs from the Switch Panel ECM that cannot be flashed. The Switch Panel ECM is powered by the battery
ECM when the Key Start Switch is turned to the ON position. The engine speed dial is
integrated into the Switch Panel ECM and the data from the speed dial is shared
• The Switch Panel ECM receives with the F-Series Monitor (4) and the Machine ECM (2) through the Machine CAN
and sends signals through the Data Link (7). The Machine ECM shares that same data with the Engine ECM (3)
Machine CAN Data Link via the Cat Data Link (6) or the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (5).

The Switch Panel ECM receives input signals from numerous switches, sensors,
• The Switch Panel ECM is not and senders on the machine and also controls a number of functions on the
programmable machine. Information from other ECMs is shared with the Switch Panel ECM
through the Machine CAN Data Link and is taken into consideration by the software
• Switch states are shared with when switch panel functions are requested, such as the Travel Alarm.
other ECMs - some are monitored
and some are not monitored The soft switches on the Switch Panel ECM and the rocker switches control
machine functions, most of which are monitored. The Switch Panel ECM shares
this information with the monitor and the Machine ECM through the Machine CAN
Data Link.

An example of this shared information is the Water Separator Level Sensor. When
the water level in the primary fuel filter sediment bowl raises to a level the sensor
probes can detect, the sensor sends signals to the Switch Panel ECM. The Switch
Panel ECM shares that data with the F-Series Monitor over the Machine CAN Data
Link. The monitor then displays the “Water In Fuel” alert on the screen and logs a
code.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -27- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

Other switches control components like the Boom Lamp Relay or the windshield
Wiper Low Switch. When the boom lights are turned ON, the boom light relay
status causes the monitor to invoke the night time monitor display brightness,
versus the daytime display brightness. Windshield wipers or washers are not
monitored, nor can their status be viewed through the monitor or Cat ET.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -28- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

F-SERIES MONITOR
Inputs and Outputs

(1)
F-Series Monitor

(4) Video Camera Signal 1

(5) Video Camera Signal 2

(6) Video Camera Signal 3

(7) Cat Data Link


(8) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link + -
(9) Machine CAN Data Link (2) (3)
Key Start Batteries
Switch 28
F-Series Monitor - Inputs and Outputs
• Overview of inputs to and The illustration above shows the direct inputs to the F-Series Monitor (1). The
outputs from the monitor monitor contains a programmable ECM, which can be flashed using Cat ET or the
monitor and a USB storage device. (A USB port is located on the back of the
• Monitor receives and sends monitor and will be discussed later in this presentation.) The monitor is supplied
signals through the Machine CAN with power from the machine Batteries (3) when the Key Start Switch (2) is turned
Data Link, the CAN 2 (J1939) Data to the ON position.
Link, and the Cat Data Link
The monitor is the interface between the operator or service technician and the
• Monitor is programmed (flashed) other ECMs on the machine, along with most of their input and output components.
using Cat ET over the Cat Data The monitor communicates with the other ECMs through the CAN 2 (J1939) Data
Link or by using the USB port on Link (8), the Machine CAN Data Link (9), and the Cat Data Link (7).
the rear of the display
The F-Series monitor receives direct input signals only from up to three video
cameras, which are a dealer installed attachment:
• Video Camera Signal 1 (4)
• Video Camera Signal 2 (5)
• Video Camera Signal 3 (6)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -29- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

374F / 390F HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR


Engine Speed Control Function

(1)
(2) Machine ECM
(4) Engine ECM
Switch (3)
Panel F-Series
ECM Monitor

(8)
Engine
Speed Dial
(5) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(7) Cat Data Link


(6) Machine CAN Data Link

29
MAJOR ELECTRONIC CONTROL STRATEGIES
Engine Speed Control Function
• Explanation of the Engine Speed The operator uses the Engine Speed Dial (8) to set the desired engine speed for
Control Function machine operation. The Engine Speed Dial is integrated into the Switch Panel
ECM (4). The Switch Panel ECM communicates the speed dial position to the
Machine ECM (1) via the Machine CAN Data Link (6). The Machine ECM converts
the speed dial signals into Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) signals. The Engine
ECM (2) receives the PWM signals from the Machine ECM via the CAN 2 (J1949)
Data Link (5) and/or the Cat Data Link (7). The Engine ECM, in turn, uses the
PWM signals to control engine rpm.

The engine speed dial is a rotary 10-position switch. The selected position of the
engine speed dial is indicated at the upper right of the display on the F-Series
Monitor (3). The actual engine rpm and torque output will vary, depending on the
setting of the power mode selected through the monitor.

Engine rpm and torque output is configurable for each of the 10 speed dial
positions and may be reprogrammed using Cat ET.

Caterpillar: Confidential Yellow


SERV1994 - 05/14 -30- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

374F / 390F HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR


Automatic Engine Speed Control (AEC) Function

(1)
(2) Machine ECM
(4)
Engine ECM (3)
Switch
Panel F-Series
ECM Monitor

(17)
Engine
Speed Dial
(5) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(18) (6) Machine CAN Data Link


AEC
Button (7) Cat Data Link

(8)
Travel Left Pilot
Pressure Sensor
(13) Left Joystick Upper Switch

(14) Left Joystick Sliding Lever

(9)
Travel Right Pilot (11)
Pressure Sensor Left Joystick
X & Y Position
Sensors

(10)
Straight Travel Pilot (15) Right Joystick Sliding Lever
Pressure Sensor
(if equipped) (16) Right Joystick Upper Switch

(12)
Right Joystick
X & Y Position
Sensors
30
Automatic Engine Speed Control (AEC) Function
• Explanation of the Automatic The Automatic Engine Speed Control (AEC) function automatically reduces engine
Engine Speed Control (AEC) rpm when no hydraulic demand is detected for five seconds, in order to reduce fuel
Function consumption and noise. The AEC function is automatic upon start-up and cannot
be completely disabled.

The AEC Button (18) on the Switch Panel (4) activates and DEACTIVATES the
second stage AEC function, via communications through the Machine CAN Data
Link (6).
The engine rpm will recover automatically to the setting of the Engine Speed
Dial (17) when any hydraulic function is activated. To determine when a hydraulic
function is activated, the Machine ECM (1) monitors:
• Left Joystick X and Y Position Sensors (11)
• Right Joystick X and Y Position Sensors (12)
• Travel Left Pilot Pressure Sensor (8)
• Travel Right Pilot Pressure Sensor (9)
• Straight Travel Pilot Pressure Sensor (10) (if equipped)
• Tool control buttons/sliding levers on the joysticks (13, 14, 15, 16)
Any signal from these input components to the Machine ECM is communicated to
the Engine ECM (2) via the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (5) or the Cat Data
Link (7). The Engine ECM then responds to those signals by raising engine rpm to
the Engine Speed Dial setting.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -31- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

The AEC strategy is outlined below. When active:


• First Stage AEC: Reduces engine speed by 100 rpm after there has been no
hydraulic demand for approximately five seconds.
• Second Stage AEC: Reduces engine speed to approximately 900 rpm after
there has been no hydraulic demand for an additional five seconds. This is the
default condition of the AEC function.

 ressing the AEC button disables the second stage AEC function. The second
P
stage AEC delay time and second stage engine rpm settings can be changed using
the F-Series Monitor (3) or Cat ET.

Caterpillar: Confidential Yellow


SERV1994 - 05/14 -32- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

374F / 390F H HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR


One Touch Low Idle Function

(1)
(2) Machine ECM
(4) Engine ECM
Switch (3)
Panel F-Series
ECM Monitor

(16)
Engine
Speed Dial
(5) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(6) Machine CAN Data Link


(7) Cat Data Link

(8) (13)
Rear Pump Left Joystick
(Pump 2) X & Y Position
Pressure Sensor Sensors
(9)
Front Pump
(Pump 1)
Pressure Sensor
(14)
Right Joystick
(10) X & Y Position
Left Travel Pilot Sensors
Pressure Sensor

(11)
Right Travel Pilot
Pressure Sensor
(15)
(12) One Touch
Straight Travel Low Idle Switch
Pressure Switch
(if equipped) 32
One Touch Low Idle Function
• Explanation of the One Touch The One Touch Low Idle function is the manual equivalent of the Automatic Engine
Low Idle Function Speed Control (AEC) function. The One Touch Low Idle function allows the
operator to manually reduce engine rpm to the second stage AEC setting without
waiting the ten or more seconds for the AEC function to react.

When the One Touch Low Idle Switch (15) (on the right joystick) is pressed, and
there is no hydraulic demand from implement, travel, or auxiliary tool operation (all
levers and pedals in the neutral position), this function will lower engine rpm to the
#1 setting of Engine Speed Dial (16) on the Switch Panel (4).

The engine rpm will recover automatically to the setting of the Engine Speed Dial
when any hydraulic function is activated. To determine when a hydraulic function is
activated, the Machine ECM (1) monitors the following inputs:
• Rear Pump (Pump 2) Pressure Sensor (8)
• Front Pump (Pump 1) Pressure Sensor (9)
• Left Travel Pilot Pressure Sensor (10)
• Right Travel Pilot Pressure Sensor (11)
• Straight Travel Pilot Pressure Sensor (12) (if equipped)
• Left Joystick X and Y Position Sensors (13)
• Right Joystick X and Y Position Sensors (14)
• Any pressure switch or sensor related to an attachment or tool, as previously
outlined in the AEC strategy

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -33- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

A signal from any of these input components to the Machine ECM is communicated
to the Engine ECM (2) via the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link (5) or the Cat Data
Link (7). The Engine ECM then responds to those signals by raising engine rpm to
the setting on the Engine Speed Dial.

Caterpillar: Confidential Yellow


SERV1994 - 05/14 -34- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

374F / 390F HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR


Delayed Engine Shutdown Function

(1)
(2) Machine ECM
(4)
Engine ECM (3)
Switch
F-Series
Panel
Monitor
ECM

(5) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(6) Machine CAN Data Link


(7) Cat Data Link

(9)
Hydraulic
(8) Lock
Key Start Solenoid
Switch

34
Delayed Engine Shutdown Function
• Explanation of the Delayed The Delayed Engine Shutdown function allows the engine to run at low idle after
Engine Shutdown Function the key is turned OFF. This function provides a cool down period for the engine
and exhaust system. During the cool down period the engine burns soot that has
collected in the exhaust system.
The Engine Shutdown Setting function in the F-Series Monitor (3) is accessible
from the Main Menu screen and allows the user to view and change the engine
Shutdown Delay Timer. The Shutdown Delay Timer regulates the length of time
the engine will continue to run after the key switch is turned to OFF, allowing the
engine, exhaust, and DPF components to cool down after operation.
If the software loaded in the Engine ECM (2) determines the Delayed Engine
Shutdown function is necessary, the strategy will be invoked. To determine when
to employ the strategy, the Engine ECM considers the state of two inputs:
• the Key Start Switch (8) is turned to the OFF position
• and/or the Hydraulic Lock Solenoid (9) is in the DE-ENERGIZED state

The Hydraulic Lock Solenoid is monitored by the Machine ECM (1). The state of
the solenoid is communicated to the Engine ECM via the CAN 2 (J1939) Data
Link (5) or the Cat Data Link (7).

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -35- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

374F / 390F HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR


Engine Idle Shutdown Function

(1)
(4) (2) Machine ECM
Switch Engine ECM (3)
Panel F-Series
ECM Monitor

(5) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(6) Machine CAN Data Link


(7) Cat Data Link

(8) (14)
Rear Pump Left Joystick
(Pump 2) X & Y Position
Pressure Sensor Sensors
(9)
Front Pump
(Pump 1)
Pressure Sensor (15)
Right Joystick
X & Y Position
(10)
Sensors
Left Travel Pilot
Pressure Sensor

(11)
(16)
Right Travel Pilot
One Touch
Pressure Sensor
Low Idle Switch

(12)
Straight Travel Pilot (17)
Pressure Sensor Hydraulic
(if equipped) Lock
Solenoid
(13)
Key Start
Switch 35
Engine Idle Shutdown Function

• Explanation of the Engine Idle The Engine Idle Shutdown function stops the engine automatically when the
Shutdown Function machine has been idle for longer than the time programmed in the F-Series
Monitor (3). Before the engine stops, a warning message will be displayed on the
F-Series monitor.
The software loaded into the Engine ECM (2) invokes the Engine Idle Shutdown
strategy when no hydraulic demand has been requested for the set period of time.
To determine when a hydraulic function is activated, the Machine ECM (1) monitors
the following inputs:
• Rear Pump (Pump 2) Pressure Sensor (8)
• Front Pump (Pump 1) Pressure Sensor (9)
• Left Travel Pilot Pressure Sensor (10)
• Right Travel Pilot Pressure Sensor (11)
• Straight Travel Pilot Pressure Sensor (12) (if equipped)
• Key Start Switch (13)
• Left Joystick X and Y Position Sensors (14)
• Right Joystick X and Y Position Sensors (15)
• One Touch Low Idle Switch (16), on the right joystick
• Hydraulic Lock Solenoid (17)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -36- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

374F / 390F HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR


Pump Torque Control Function
(1)
(2) Machine ECM
(4) Engine ECM
Switch (3)
Panel F-Series
ECM Monitor

(20)
Engine
Speed Dial
(5) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link

(6) Machine CAN Data Link


(7) Cat Data Link

(8)
Left Travel Pilot
Pressure Sensor

(15) (9)
Front Pump Right Travel Pilot
Control Solenoid Pressure Sensor

(10)
Straight Travel
(16) Pilot Pressure
Rear Pump Sensor
Control Solenoid (if equipped)
(11)
Rear Pump
(17) Pressure Sensor
Power Shift
Pressure
(12)
PRV
Front Pump
Pressure Sensor

(18)
(13)
Rear Pump
Right Joystick
NFC PRV
X & Y Position
Sensors

(19)
Rear Pump
(14)
NFC PRV
Left Joystick
X & Y Position
Sensors
36
Pump Torque Control Function
• Explanation of the Pump Torque The Pump Torque Control function is used for making electronic adjustments to the
Control Function main hydraulic pumps in order to ensure maximum hydraulic horsepower without
compromising optimum engine horsepower. The power shift pressure strategy and
an artificial NFC signal strategy are used to control the pumps. The 374F and
390F use the Integrated Engine and Pump Power Management Control strategy.
The Integrated Engine and Pump Power Management Control is a suite of software
programs loaded into the Engine ECM (1) and Machine ECM (2) which performs
the function of coordinating operator and machine power demands with engine
power production. The Machine ECM monitors the following components, which
correspond to operator requests for hydraulic power:
• Rear Pump Pressure Sensor (11)
• Front Pump Pressure Sensor (12)
• Left Travel Pilot Pressure Sensor (8)
• Right Travel Pilot Pressure Sensor (9)
• Straight Travel Pilot Pressure Sensor (10) (if equipped)
• Right Joystick X and Y Position Sensors (13)
• Left Joystick X and Y Position Sensors (14)

The Machine ECM monitors the position of the joysticks and the travel pilot
pressure sensors, which correspond to operator requests for power. The Machine
ECM communicates with the Engine ECM to control the flow of fuel to the injectors
in coordination with changes in power demands from the various machine systems.

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The engine output power is matched to the sum of all power loads to ideally
provide zero engine speed acceleration or deceleration. The steady-state control
output can be attained nearly instantaneously using the CAN 2 (J1939) Data
Link (5) connection between the Machine ECM and the Engine ECM.

The Machine ECM monitors the Rear Pump Pressure Sensor (11) and the Front
Pump Pressure Sensor (12) to determine overall hydraulic system pressures.
The Machine ECM controls the pump torque and flow based on operator demand
(control sensors) and the overall hydraulic system pressures. Pump torque and
flow is controlled using:
• Front Pump Control Solenoid (15)
• Rear Pump Control Solenoid (16)
• Power Shift Pressure PRV (17)
• Rear Pump NFC PRV (18)
• Front Pump NFC PRV (19)

The engine output power is matched to the sum of all power loads to ideally
provide zero engine speed acceleration or deceleration from the engine speed
selected with the Engine Speed Dial (20). The steady-state control output can be
attained nearly instantaneously. Regardless of the hydraulic load requested by the
operator, engine rpm should remain nearly constant.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -38- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

374F / 390F HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR


Automatic Travel Speed Change Function

(1)
(2) Machine ECM
(4) Engine ECM
Switch (3)
Panel F-Series
ECM Monitor

(5) CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link


(11)
Two Speed (6) Machine CAN Data Link
Travel Switch (7) Cat Data Link

(8)
Rear Pump
(10)
Pressure Sensor
Travel Speed
Change Solenoid
(9)
Front Pump
Pressure Sensor

38
Automatic Travel Speed Change Function
• Explanation of the Automatic There are two modes of travel operation for the machine:
Travel Speed Change Function • Low Speed Mode (“Tortoise” icon illuminated)
• High Speed Mode (“Rabbit” icon is illuminated)
The Automatic Travel Speed Change Function allows the travel system to
automatically shift to the High Speed Mode when there is little resistance to travel.
This function also automatically downshifts the travel speed to the Low Speed
Mode when resistance to travel reaches a certain system pressure threshold. The
Automatic Travel Speed Change Function is activated by pressing the Two Speed
Travel Switch (11) on the Switch Panel (4), illuminating the “Rabbit” indicator light.
When the operator requests travel, by moving the travel levers, the travel motors
begin to move the machine. The Machine ECM (1) monitors the Rear Pump
Pressure Sensor (8) and the Front Pump Pressure Sensor (9). If there is a high
resistance to travel (uphill travel, for example), the Machine ECM maintains the
Low Speed Mode, due to the resulting high pressures in the hydraulic system.
When there is not much resistance to travel (level ground), and the pump pressure
sensors indicate that system pressures are below the pressure threshold for
High Speed Mode, the Machine ECM will ENERGIZE the Travel Speed Change
Solenoid (10). The Travel Speed Change Solenoid causes the travel motor
swashplates to DESTROKE. Given the same oil flow rate from the main hydraulic
pumps, the travel motors speed up, resulting in a higher travel speed.
If system pressures become higher than the pressure threshold for the High Speed
Mode, the Machine ECM will DE-ENERGIZE the Travel Speed Change Solenoid,
placing the travel system back into the Low Speed Mode.
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39
MONITORING SYSTEM COMPONENT LOCATION

• Monitoring system component The F-Series monitor is the interface between all of the ECMs on the machine, the
location and identification electronic input and output components connected to the ECMs, and the operator
Monitor and technician.

The monitor is located in the right front corner of the operator compartment.

NOTE: Unless otherwise noted, component locations and systems


operation are the same for both the 374F and 390F.

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1 2 3 4 5

40
Right Console
• Monitoring system component Outboard of the right armrest is the right side instrument panel. The instrument
location and identification: panel contains the following components and controls that are inputs to the
monitoring system:
-- Right side instrument panel • Four position Key Start Switch (1): This switch is monitored by and supplies
contains: power to all of the ECMs on the machine.
• Engine Speed Dial (2): The speed dial is integrated into the Switch Panel
-- Key start switch (1)
ECM, which is non-programmable. The engine speed dial is a direct input to
the Switch Panel ECM, but the information is shared with the Monitor, and the
-- Engine speed dial (2) Machine ECM through the Machine CAN Data Link. The information may be
further shared with other ECMs via the Cat Data Link or the CAN 2 (J1939)
-- Soft Switch ECM (3) with soft Data Link from the Machine ECM.
switch panel above
• Soft Switch Panel (3): The switch panel is also integrated into the Switch
Panel ECM. The soft switches also serve as a numeric keyboard for entering
-- Rocker switches and numbers into various fields in monitor screens.
Quick-Coupler switch (4)
• Universal Quick-Coupler Switch (4): This switch is an input to the Switch
Panel ECM. The status of the switch and the solenoid it controls is monitored
for troubleshooting purposes.
• Rocker Switches (5): These switches are also inputs to various ECMs.
Depending on how the machine is equipped, there are numerous variations
on which switches and how many switches are located here. At a minimum,
the panel will include the manual CRS regeneration switch (far right) for
regeneration of the Tier 4 Final engine’s Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF).

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1 2 3 4 5

6 7 8 9 10
41
Soft Switch Panel
• Soft Switch Panel switch/button The soft switch panel contains 10 soft switches, or buttons. Each switch has a dual
location and identification function:
• activate the function depicted by its icon
• enter a number into the monitor on screens requiring data input

Each switch and its dual function is:


• Power Mode Switch (1): Pressing this switch toggles through the three power
mode settings. The three power modes that can be selected are ECONOMY,
STANDARD HYDRAULIC POWER, and HIGH HYDRAULIC POWER. The
technician can use a password protected service menu option to ENABLE or
DISABLE any Power Modes. The operator uses this same procedure, using
the Customer Password to select any Power Mode that is ENABLED for use.

This switch may also be used to input the number 1 on the monitor screen.

• Two-Speed Travel Switch (2): Pressing this switch toggles between low
speed travel and auto (high/low) travel speed when pressed. When the
“rabbit” indicator is illuminated, the auto speed function is active. When the
tortoise indicator is lit, the low speed function is active.

This switch may also be used to input the number 2 on the monitor screen.

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• Automatic Engine Control (AEC) Switch (3): Pressing this switch activates
the AEC function, which automatically reduces engine speed when there is no
hydraulic demand, reducing fuel consumption. The AEC function is automatic
at start-up and cannot be completely disabled. The AEC strategy is outlined
below:
- The first stage AEC function reduces engine speed by 100 rpm after there
has been no hydraulic demand for five seconds.
- The second stage AEC function reduces engine speed to approximately
900 rpm after there has been no hydraulic demand for an additional five
seconds. This is the default condition of the AEC function.

Pressing the AEC soft switch disables the second stage AEC function. The
second stage AEC delay time and engine rpm settings can be changed using
the monitor or Cat ET.

This switch may also be used to input the number 3 on the monitor screen.

• Travel Alarm Cancel Switch (4): Pressing this switch silences the travel
alarm. The travel alarm is activated each time a travel request is made by the
operator and must be pressed each time to silence the alarm.

This switch may also be used to input the number 4 on the monitor screen.

• Work Tool Control Switch (5): This switch is used to select a


pre-programmed work tool mode. The work tool number selected is displayed
on the monitor screen. Press the switch repeatedly in order to select the
desired work tool.

This switch may also be used to input the number 5 on the monitor screen.

• Video Camera Switch (6): Pressing this switch toggles between the video
camera image(s) and the normal monitor screens. If more than one camera
is connected to the monitor, this switch will toggle through each of the camera
views and the normal monitor operational screen(s).

This switch may also be used to input the number 6 on the monitor screen.)

• Work Light Switch (7): Pressing this switch toggles through two exterior work
light patterns and OFF. Two indicator lights above the switch illuminate to
show the selected pattern. The work lights are OFF when no indicators are lit.

This switch may also be used to input the number 7 on the monitor screen.

• Window Wiper switch (8): Pressing this switch activates the window wipers.
When the switch is depressed, the mode of the window wipers will change
according to the indicator light(s) that is/are illuminated:

- 6 Second Delay – the first indicator light indicates that the window wipers will
operate intermittently at six second intervals.
- 3 Second Delay – the second indicator light indicates that the window wipers
will operate intermittently at three second intervals.
- Continuous Operation – the third indicator light will turn on. The window
wipers will operate continuously.
- OFF – the indicator lights will turn off. The window wipers will stop.

This switch may also be used to input the number 8 on the monitor screen.
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• Window Washer Switch (9): Pressing this switch activates the window
washers and wipers when pressed. The windshield wipers will operate for
approximately 3 seconds after the switch is released, and then will stop.

This switch may also be used to input the number 9 on the monitor screen.

• Lift Mode Control Switch (10): Pressing this switch activates the Lift Mode,
which decreases oil flow to the hydraulic cylinders, providing finer control of
the boom, stick, and bucket. Available pump torque will be reduced when Lift
Mode is selected. Pressing this switch again will deactivate Lift Mode when
Lift Mode is turned ON.

This switch may also be used to input the number 0 on the monitor screen.

NOTE: Travel speed is limited to Low Speed Mode when the Lift Mode
function is selected.

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44
Fuse and Relay Panel
• Monitoring system component The fuse and relay panel (1) is located inside the cab, behind and to the left of the
location and identification: operator seat. This photo shows the panel with the trim cover removed.

-- Fuse and relay panel (1) Below the fuse and relay panel is the diagnostic connector (2) for Cat ET.

-- Diagnostic connector for A laptop computer with Cat ET can interface with the ECMs on the machine.
Cat ET (2) The laptop must be connected to the diagnostic connector through a Cat
Communications Adapter III.

Cat ET is used to flash software (download files) on all ECMs on the machine
(except the Switch Panel ECM, which is non-programmable). Cat ET may also be
used to perform many of the functions that are available through the monitor, such
as viewing/clearing logged codes, performing calibrations, changing operational
parameters, and overriding programmed control of electrical components.

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1 3

45
Rear Cab Area - ECMs
• Monitoring system component Moving the seat, pedestal, and seat back completely forward and removing the soft
location and identification in the trim panel behind the seat, gains access to the following components:
rear cab area - ECMs
• Product Link (2nd Generation) radio (1), if equipped

• Gateway Worldview Module (2), if equipped

• B5:M1 type Machine ECM (3)

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1 2

46
ACS ECMs
• Monitoring system component The ACS main hydraulic control valve is located directly forward of the engine
location and identification: compartment, in the same position as the main hydraulic control valves on most
hydraulic excavators. The A5:M1 type ACS ECMs are mounted on top of the ACS
-- ACS ECM 1 (1) valve.
The ACS main hydraulic control valve is comprised of three sections:
-- ACS ECM 2 (2)
• Upper IMV section (5), which controls the stick and the optional auxiliary valve
-- Upper IMV section - auxiliary functions, if equipped
valve and stick control • Center section (4), which controls the travel and swing functions and several
other ACS valve components (discussed later in this course)
-- Center section - swing, travel • Lower IMV section (3), which controls the boom and bucket functions
and other functions
The ACS ECM 1 (1) monitors and controls the electronic components in the lower
-- Lower IMV section - boom and IMV valve section (boom and bucket). The ACS ECM 2 (2) monitors and controls
bucket functions the electronic components in the upper IMV valve section (stick and auxiliary, if
equipped).
The center section of the ACS main hydraulic control valve is controlled by the
Machine ECM.
The ACS ECM 1 and the ACS ECM 2 are secondary ECMs and communicate with
the (primary) Machine ECM via the ACS CAN Data Link.

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47
Engine ECM
• Monitoring system component The A4:E4 V3.1 Engine ECM is mounted to the left side of the engine (arrow). The
location and identification engine is mounted side-to-side in the machine, so the left side of the engine faces
the rear of the machine.

• A4:E4 V3.1 Engine ECM location - The LRC Engines use an ADEM 4 Engine ECM.
left side of engine faces rear of
machine (arrow) The Engine ECM receives signals from sensors and senders on the engine and
also from controls in the operator compartment. The Engine ECM then controls
• LRC Engines use an ADEM 4 engine functions and shares engine status with the monitor and other ECMs
Engine ECM through the Data Links.

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48
Aftertreatment ECM
• Monitoring system component The A5:E2 Aftertreatment ECM (arrow) is mounted to the rear wall of the battery
location and identification and air filter compartment, on the left side of the machine.

The Aftertreatment ECM receives signals from sensors and senders on the Clean
• A5:E2 Aftertreatment ECM Emissions Module (CEM) and also from controls in the operator compartment. The
location - rear wall of the battery Aftertreatment ECM then controls the aftertreatment functions of the CEM and
and air filter compartment (arrow) shares the status of the CEM and its electronic components with the monitor and
other ECMs through the Data Links.

The Aftertreatment ECM also communicates and controls the DCU, which is the
ECM mounted to the Pump Electronics Tank Unit (PETU).

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1
2
3

49
Dosing Control Unit (DCU)
• Monitoring system component The DCU (2) is a programmable ECM mounted on the outboard side of the
location and identification PETU (2). The PETU is attached to the DEF tank (3), which is housed inside the
outboard side of the storage compartment on the right front corner of the machine.

• Dosing Control Unit (DCU) The DCU communicates with the Aftertreatment ECM via the Aftertreatment CAN
location - attached to the PETU Data Link and the CAN 2 (J1939) Data Link. The DCU monitors and controls the
and DEF tank, beneath the injection of DEF into the exhaust stream as part of the Tier 4 Final strategy.
outboard storage compartment
door - right front corner of the
machine

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -50- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor
F-SERIES MONITOR - HOME SCREEN
(2) (3)
Information Power
Display Mode
(1) (4)
Clock Display Engine Speed
Dial Position

(5) (6)
Engine Coolant Fuel Level
Temperature Gauge Gauge

(7) (8)
Hydraulic Oil DEF Level
Temperature Gauge Gauge

(9) (10)
Work Tool Information
Selection Icon

(11) (12)
Main Menu Soft Keys
Icon

(13)
Gain/Response
Icon 50
F-SERIES MONITOR - FEATURES AND OPERATION

• Brief explanation of the displayed The Home screen for the F-Series monitor is shown above. This is the default
information and its usage on the display when the machine is started. Information shown on the screen above is:
F-Series monitor Home screen
• Clock Display (1): Shows the current local time.

• Information Display (2): Displays desired operator information, as selected


using the Information Soft Key (12). One of four different information elements
can be displayed, depending on operator preference - Service Hour Meter,
Soot Load, Fuel Consumption Rate, or Fuel Remain Time. (Service Hour
Meter icon shown above.)

• Power Mode (3): Displays the power mode currently selected for machine
operation. One of three Power Modes may be selected and displayed,
depending on the marketing area - High Power Mode, Standard Power Mode,
or Economy Power Mode. (Economy Mode shown above.)

• Engine Speed Dial Position (4): Displays the position of the engine speed
dial currently selected. (Speed dial 10 shown above).

• Engine Coolant Temperature Gauge (5): Displays the current engine


coolant temperature.

• Fuel Level Gauge (6): Displays the level of fuel in the fuel tank.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -51- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

• Hydraulic Oil Temperature Gauge (7): Displays the current engine coolant
temperature.

• DEF Level Gauge (8): Displays the level of Diesel Exhaust Fluid in the DEF
tank.

• Work Tool Selection (9): Displays the selected work tool. This screen area
also displays step-by-step instructions when using the monitor for service
procedures, such as component overrides, calibrations, etc. (Warning
messages pop up in this area, as shown above.)

• Information Icon (10): Indicates the soft key below will toggle through
several information displays in the area at the top of the screen when pressed.
Operators can choose from Service Hour Meter, Soot Load, Fuel Consumption
Rate, or Fuel Remain Time.

• Main Menu Icon (11): Indicates the function of the soft key below - in this
example, pressing the soft key will toggle the display to the Main Menu screen.

• Soft Keys (12): Perform the functions indicated by the indicator icons
displayed above the keys, when pressed.

• Gain/Response Icon (13): The Gain/Response function can change the


controllability of the joysticks in order to match the machine to a particular task.

NOTE: The Engine Coolant Temperature Gauge and the Hydraulic Oil
Temperature Gauge have been changed slightly from the E-Series monitor.
• Normal operating temperatures are indicated when the needle is in the
green range.
• Warm-Up Mode is required if the needle is in the white range.
• Over temperatures are indicated when the needle is in the red range.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -52- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor
F-SERIES MONITOR - VIDEO CAMERA DISPLAY

(1)
Gauge Displays

(2)
Video
Camera
Images

(3)
Warning
Message

52
F-Series Monitor - Video Camera Display

• Brief explanation of the displayed If the machine is equipped with a video camera (or video cameras), the camera
information and its usage on the images are displayed on the monitor. Most of the information displayed on the
F-Series monitor video camera Home screen is also displayed at the same time as the camera image. Information
display screen and displays shown on the monitor when the camera is selected is shown above:
• Gauge Displays (1): The Coolant Temperature Gauge, Hydraulic Oil
Temperature Gauge, Fuel Level Gauge, and DEF Level Gauge are
repositioned to an area above the camera image.

• Video Camera Images (2): Up to three video camera images mey be


displayed on the monitor. The operator may toggle through all three images
and the Home screen using the video camera switch, located on the soft
switch panel (shown later).

• Warning Message (3): Pop-up warnings and messages related to machine


conditions and/or diagnostic codes are displayed in the area above the
indicator icons. If multiple diagnostic codes or events are active, the monitor
will scroll through those warnings repeatedly.

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5
3

6
53
Monitor Main Menu
• Brief explanation of the displayed The Main Menu screen for the F-Series monitor is shown above. This screen is
information and its usage on the displayed when the Main Menu soft key is pressed (see previous slide).
monitor Main Menu screen Information displayed on the screen above is detailed below.
• Information Display Area (1): This area displays the current time, engine
speed dial setting, and other information. When the Home Menu is displayed,
the Work Tool number and associated information is displayed here, at the left.
• Main Menu Selection Area (2): Contains icons representing the 12 different
main menu options. Left to right, and top to bottom, the 12 menu selections
available are:
-- Display Setting
-- Language Select
-- Performance
-- Power Mode Setting
-- Maintenance Intervals
-- Work Tool Select
-- Current Totals
-- Engine Shutdown Setting
-- Password Change
-- Controls Setup (not visible above)
-- Reverse Fan Setting (not visible above)
-- Service (not visible above)
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SERV1994 - 05/14 -54- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

• Soft Keys (3): Perform varying functions, according to the indicator icon
displayed above each key. Left to right, the soft key functions above, as
indicated by the icons are: Home Screen, Back/Delete, and OK/Select.
• Directions Display Area (4): Displays instructions pertaining to the
highlighted menu selection, or can step the operator or technician through
multi-step processes needed for making adjustments to or changing
parameters for various components. The directions displayed here are similar
to the step-by-step guidance given in these same processes in Caterpillar
Electronic Technician® (Cat ET®).
• Soft Key Function Indicator Icons (5): This area displays the icons for the
function of the five soft keys below them. The function of each soft key can
change, depending on the screen selected.
• Arrow Keys (6): Used to move the cursor UP, DOWN, LEFT, or RIGHT or to
highlight a desired selection on the screen. EXAMPLE: In the photo above,
the arrow keys will move the blue highlight to one of the 11 menu selections,
then press the OK soft key to display that selection.

For example, in the photo above, the arrow keys will move the blue highlight to one
of the 11 menu selections. Pressing the OK soft key will then display that selection.
The F-Series monitor passwords are the same as for the E-Series monitor. The
default customer password is simply the number “1” (for use by operators). This
password can be changed using the “Password Change” selection from the Main
Menu in the monitor.

The F-Series monitor service password is “9992” for use by the service technician
or maintenance mechanic. This password is fixed and cannot be changed through
the monitor or by using Cat ET.

Additionally, the customer password should not be changed to “9992.” If the


customer password is set to 9992, the service password then cannot be used.
If this conflict occurs, Cat ET must be used to reset the customer password to
something other than 9992.

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55
• A USB storage device can be One of the features of the F-Series monitor is the capability to download Flash Files
inserted in the port on the rear of to the monitor and the other programmable ECMs on the machine from files stored
the monitor on a USB memory device (arrow), using the monitor as the interface.

• The USB storage device can be In addition, data files from several Service Menu options may be saved to a
used to download Flash Files to USB storage device. This information is useful for troubleshooting, in that these
the monitor and other ECMs data files can then be attached to e-mail messages or shared with other service
personnel for their viewing.
• The USB storage device can also
be used to save: These data files can also be archived for future reference, in case an ECM has
been replaced or if there is a desire to configure other machines. Data files may be
-- Machine configuration data saved from the following Service Menu selections:
-- Diagnostic codes and events • ECM Summary
-- System and component status • Diagnostic Codes (active and logged)
information for future reference
• Event Codes (active and logged)
or troubleshooting
• Status (of components listed)
• Configurations (systems parameters)
• Tool Programming (specific tool parameters)

The procedures for saving these data files to a USB storage device and
downloading Flash Files to ECMs are discussed in detail in the step-by-step
instructions for each of these Service Menu selections, found later in this module.

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56
USING THE F-SERIES MONITOR
• Overview of monitor usage and As discussed earlier, there are multiple menu categories from the Main Menu
operation screen shown above. The operator and/or technician have 12 icons from the Main
Menu with which they can access areas of the monitor to perform the procedures
necessary. Within each menu category, the information is arranged in a
hierarchical format. When a category is selected from the Main Menu, a sub-menu
with further options or categories is displayed. Most displayed information or
service functions are only two to four levels deep, making it easy to find the
information or the function desired.

The Main Menu screen is displayed in the photo above with the Maintenance
Intervals category highlighted. Nine of the eleven available Main Menu categories
are displayed. The Service category is not visible and is arranged below the
current screen display, as indicated by the blue scroll bar at the right of the screen.
Any arrow key may be used to move the blue highlight to the Service category.
(The highlight will scroll UP, DOWN, LEFT, or RIGHT through the 11 categories in
an endless loop.)

Once the desired menu category is highlighted, press the OK key to select the
category.

The following pages will guide the user through several screens in each category
and explain the usage of the resulting screens.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -57- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

The 12 basic menu categories discussed in this module are:


• Display Settings
• Language Select
• Performance
• Power Mode Setting (password protected)
• Maintenance Intervals
• Work Tool Select
• Current Totals
• Engine Shutdown Setting
• Password Change
• Controls Setup
• Service
• Reverse Fan Setting

The monitor will guide the user with prompts that are specific for each screen in the
Directions Display Area (arrow). Follow these prompts (directions) to perform the
actions that are available from the screen that is displayed.

NOTE: The Controls Setup option from the Main Menu is specific to the
electro-hydraulic F-Series machines, due to the electronic joysticks. Since
the joysticks are not pilot operated, there is no pattern changer valve, like
those machines with pilot operated operator controls. The Controls Setup
option allows choosing from several lever patterns.

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DISPLAY SETTINGS
Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

58
Display Settings
• Step-by-step instructions for The Display Settings category from the Main Menu allows the user to adjust the
using the Display Settings clock, the display brightness, and the unit of measurement used on the display.
category from the monitor Main
Menu To adjust the clock:
1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Display Settings
category. Then press the OK key. The Display Settings menu will be
displayed.
2. From the Display Settings menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Clock
Adjust sub-menu option. Then press the OK key. The Clock Adjust Screen will
be displayed.
3. At the Clock Adjust screen, press the OK key to select the Hour field. The
Hour field’s highlight will change from blue to green.
4. With the Hour field highlighted green, use the up arrow key or down arrow key
to adjust the Hour up or down. Then press the OK key again to set the Hour.

Use the right arrow key to highlight the Minutes field and repeat steps 3 and 4 to
adjust the Minutes.

The clock is now adjusted. Press the Home key to return to the home screen or
press the back key to step back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -59- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

The full list of all sub-menus and selections from the Display Settings category are
listed below:
• Clock Adjust
-- Hours
-- Minutes

• Brightness Adjust
-- Day
-- Night

• Display Unit Select


-- Metric
-- English

Additionally, if the machine is equipped with more than one work area video
camera, another icon will be present allowing the operator to choose the default
screen setting and choose the specific video camera as the default view to be
displayed.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -60- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

LANGUAGE SELECT
Step 1

Step 2

60
Language Select

• Step-by-step instructions for The Language Select category from the Main Menu allows the user to choose the
using the Language Select monitor’s display language from a list of available languages. All text on the
category from the monitor Main monitor will be displayed in the language chosen.
Menu
To choose a different language for the text displayed on the monitor:
1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Language Select
category. Then press the OK key. The Language Select Menu will be
displayed.
2. From the Language Select Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the desired
language. Then press the OK key to confirm the new language selection.

The monitor will then use the selected language for all text on the display.

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -61- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

PERFORMANCE
Step 1

Step 2

61
Performance
• Step-by-step instructions for The Performance category from the Main Menu allows the user to display a “View
using the Performance category Only” list of vital information about different machine systems. To access the list of
from the monitor Main Menu Performance information:
1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Performance
category. Then press the OK key. The Performance screen will be displayed.
2. From the Performance screen, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key to
scroll through the list of vital machine system performance information.

The full list of all available Performance information that can be viewed is:
• Battery Voltage (volts)
• Engine Speed (rpm)
• Engine Coolant Temp (degrees F or C)
• Hydraulic Oil Temperature (degrees F or C)
• Pump #1 Outlet Pressure (psi or kPa - Front Pump)
• Pump #2 Outlet Pressure (psi or kPa - Rear Pump)
• Power Shift Pressure (psi or kPa)
• Regen Status (Manual or Auto)

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -62- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

POWER MODE SETTING


Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

62
Power Mode Setting
• Step-by-step instructions for The Power Mode Setting category from the Main Menu allows the operator or the
using the Power Mode Setting technician to ENABLE or DISABLE one, two, or all three engine Power Modes
category from the monitor Main available for machine operation. Disabling a Power Mode will prevent the operator
Menu from being able to select that power mode from the monitor.

Each Power Mode changes the top engine rpm and the hydraulic torque associated
with each engine speed dial setting. One or all three power modes may be
ENABLED, which allows the operator to toggle through the enabled power modes
using the Power Mode Select button on the Soft Switch panel.

The three power modes allow the operator or the service technician to select a
mode of machine operation that best fits the machine application at hand. The
three power modes are:
• High Horsepower Mode, which favors maximum engine power and hydraulic
torque over fuel efficiency.
• Standard Power Mode, which balances engine power and hydraulic torque
with fuel efficiency.
• Economy Mode, which favors fuel efficiency over maximum engine power and
hydraulic torque.

Refer to the Power Mode table in the Service Information System (SIS) for specific
engine power and hydraulic torque distribution values for each of the three Power
Modes. (Not all power modes are available in all marketing areas.)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -63- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

To access Power Mode Setting screen and ENABLE or DISABLE a Power Mode:
1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Power Mode Setting
category. Then press the OK KEY. The Password Entry screen will be
displayed.
2. At the Password Entry screen, use the arrow keys and the OK key to type
each password number, or use the number buttons on the Soft Switch panel
to type the current customer password or the current service password. (From
the factory, the Customer password = 1 and the Service Password = 9992.)
3. With the password typed in the password field, press the Enter key. The
Power Mode Select screen will be displayed.
4. From the Power Mode Select screen, use the arrow keys to highlight a Power
Mode option. Then press the OK key to ENABLE or DISABLE the desired
power mode. (A “Check Mark” will appear to the left of the selection to indicate
that it is ENABLED.) Repeat the process for up to three Power Modes.

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

NOTE: Once entered, the Service Password will be ACTIVE until the
key start switch is set to the OFF position. When finished performing any
procedures found in the password protected areas, always cycle the key
start switch to OFF in order to prevent unauthorized access to these areas.
NOTE: The technician should enter the Service Password to ENABLE
or DISABLE any Power Modes. The operator uses this same procedure,
using the Customer Password to select any Power Mode that is ENABLED
for use.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -64- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

MAINTENANCE INTERVALS
Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

64
Maintenance Intervals
• Step-by-step instructions for The Maintenance Intervals category from the Main Menu allows the user to display
using the Maintenance Intervals a list of maintenance information. Each maintenance point in the list shows the
category from the monitor Main current number of elapsed service hours and the total number of recommended
Menu service hours for fluid and filter changes. This menu selection also allows the
technician to reset the current elapsed hours for each maintenance point when the
fluid or filter has been changed.

To access the list of and/or reset the service hours for maintenance points:
1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Maintenance
Intervals category. Press the OK key. The Maintenance Intervals screen will
be displayed.
2. With the Maintenance Intervals screen displayed, use the arrow keys to scroll
up or down through the list of maintenance points to view their status. (The
upper number represents the current elapsed service hours for a maintenance
point. The lower number is the recommended service interval for that
maintenance point.)
3. To reset the current elapsed service hours to “Zero,” use the arrow keys to
highlight the desired maintenance point (Engine Oil selected above).
4. Press the Reset key (red circle) to change the current elapsed service hours
for the selected maintenance point. (When prompted, follow the on-screen
instructions to re-enter the Service Password to allow the reset. This is a
password protected area.)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -65- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

A partial list of the maintenance points and their associated current service hour
status are:
• Engine Coolant
• Engine Oil
• Hydraulic Oil
• Final Drive Oil
• Swing Drive Oil
• Fuel/Water Separator
• Secondary Fuel Filter
• Fuel Pump Screen Filter
• Tertiary Fuel Filter
• Fuel Tank Cap
• Engine Oil Filter
• Hydraulic Pilot Filter
• Hyd Case Drain Oil Filter
• Return Oil Filters
• Attachment Filter
• OCV Filter (if equipped) or breather
• Spark Plug

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -66- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

WORK TOOL SELECT


Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

66
Work Tool Select
• Step-by-step instructions for The Work Tool Select category from the Main Menu allows the user to display a list
using the Work Tool Select of available pre-programmed work tools. When a work tool is selected, it will
category from the monitor Main perform, and its use will be monitored per the configuration of the work tool. Each
Menu work tool on the list is configured using the Tool Programming option from the
Service Menu. This will be discussed later in this module.

To view the list and select a work tool from the Work Tool Select screen:
1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Work Tool Select
category. Press the OK key. The Work Tool Select screen will be displayed.
2. With the Work Tool Select screen displayed, use the arrow keys to scroll up or
down through the list of available work tools.
3. With the desired work tool highlighted, press the OK key to select the work tool
for use. (The “Shear” work tool has been selected above.)
4. The radio button at the left of the listed work tool will be illuminated and the
work tool icon at the lower left of the top Information Display Bar will change to
display the newly selected work tool.

The work tool may now be used and will perform as it is configured using the Tool
Programming option from the Service Menu.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -67- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

For a work tool to appear on the list of available work tools, the work tool must be
set up. When initially setting up a new work tool, the work tool must be identified,
named, and configured using the Tool Programming option from the Service Menu.
(The Tool Programming option is discussed later in this module.)

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -68- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

CURRENT TOTALS
Step 1

Step 2

1022 [h]

68
Current Totals
• Step-by-step instructions for The Current Totals category from the Main Menu allows the user to access a list of
using the Current Totals category statistical data about major machine components, machine systems, and work
from the monitor Main Menu tools. This data can be used to determine when service work, preventive
maintenance, and other service related activities may need to be performed. The
displayed data shows total times and other cumulative data.

The displayed data is “View Only” information and cannot be reset using the
monitor. In most instances, these cumulative totals can be reset using Cat ET, but
require a factory issued password to do so.

The list of displayed data reflects the machine’s configuration, optional equipment,
and work tools that are set up and programmed into the ECMs through the monitor.

To access and view the data displayed on the Current Totals screen:
1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Current Totals
category. Then press the OK key. The Current Totals screen will be displayed.
2. From the Current Totals screen, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key
to scroll through and view the list of major machine systems, components, and
work tools data.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -69- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

A partial list of all available Current Totals information that can be viewed is:
• Total Operating Hours (hours)
• Engine (hours)
• Travel Motor (hours)
• Swing Motor (hours)
• Tool #1 (hours)
• Tool #2 (hours)
• Tool #3 (hours)
• Tool #4 (hours)
• Tool #5 (hours)
• Total Fuel (gallons or liters)
• Total Idling Time (hours)

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

NOTE: The number of tools listed in the Current Totals list is dependent
upon the number of available work tools entered and programmed using
the Tool Programming option from the Service Menu.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -70- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

ENGINE SHUTDOWN SETTING


Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

70
Engine Shutdown Setting
• Step-by-step instructions for The Engine Shutdown Setting category from the Main Menu allows the user to view
using the Engine Shutdown and change the engine Shutdown Delay Timer. The Shutdown Delay Timer
Setting category from the monitor regulates the length of time the engine will continue to run after the key switch is
Main Menu turned to OFF, allowing the engine, exhaust, and DPF components to cool down
after operation.

To access and/or edit the engine Shutdown Delay Timer:


1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Engine Shutdown
Setting category. Press the OK key. The Password Entry screen will be
displayed.
2. At the Password Entry screen, use the arrow keys and the OK key to type
each password number, or use the Number buttons on the Soft Switch panel
to type the current customer password or the current service password. Then
press the Enter key. The Engine Shutdown Setting screen will be displayed.
3. At the Engine Shutdown Setting screen, press the OK key to enable the Edit
Mode. The Edit Mode will cause the highlighted selection to turn from blue to
green.
4. With the Edit Mode enabled, use the arrow keys to adjust the Shutdown Delay
Timer up or down to the desired idling time (minutes).
5. When the desired idling time is displayed, press the OK key to set the new
delayed engine shutdown idling time. The highlight will change back to blue,
indicating the new time.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -71- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

NOTE: Once entered, the Service Password will be ACTIVE until the
key start switch is set to the OFF position. When finished performing any
procedures found in the password protected areas, always cycle the key
start switch to OFF in order to prevent unauthorized access to these areas.
The small, red “Unlocked” symbol in the top information bar indicates that
the Service Mode is ACTIVE.
NOTE: The Shutdown Delay Timer function can be overridden by turning
the key start switch to the Emergency Stop position and holding the key
position until the engine stops running (the farthest counterclockwise key
switch position).

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -72- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

PASSWORD CHANGE
Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

Step 6

72
Password Change
• Step-by-step instructions for The Password Change category from the Main Menu allows the user to change the
using the Password Change Customer password only. The Service password is “fixed” and cannot be changed.
category from the monitor Main The Customer password must be entered within certain monitor categories/options
Menu to gain access to protected areas. Password entry in these areas prevents
unauthorized personnel from changing protected parameters, configurations, and
operating modes.

To change the Customer Password:


1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Password Change
category. Press the OK key. The Password Entry screen will be displayed.
2. At the Password Entry screen, use the arrow keys and the OK key to type
each password number, or use the Number buttons on the Soft Switch panel to
type the current customer password. Then press the ENTER KEY. The Enter
New Password screen will be displayed. (From the factory, the Customer
password = 1.)
3. At the Enter New Password screen, use the arrow keys and the OK key to
select each password number, OR use the Number buttons on the Soft Switch
panel to enter the new customer password.
4. Press the Enter key. The Enter New Password Confirmation screen will be
displayed.
5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Yes button below the red prompt, “Change
the user password?” Press the OK key to confirm the password change.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -73- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

After successfully entering and confirming the new password, the red prompt on
the screen will change to, “Password has been changed.”

The new password will now enable an authorized user to gain access to the
protected operator areas in the monitor.

Press the Home key to return to the home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

NOTE: Once entered, the Service Password will be ACTIVE until the
key start switch is set to the OFF position. When finished performing any
procedures found in the password protected areas, always cycle the key
start switch to OFF in order to prevent unauthorized access to these areas.
The small, red Unlocked symbol in the top information bar indicates that the
Service Mode is ACTIVE.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -74- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

CONTROLS SETUP
Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

74
Controls Setup
• Step-by-step instructions The Controls Setup category, or menu, from the Main Menu allows the technician
for using the Controls Setup to access the password protected screen for selecting the joystick controls pattern.
category from the monitor Main The password protected Controls Setup screen gives the technician a list of
Menu joystick pattern options

To access the Controls Setup list:


1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Controls Setup
category. Press the OK key. The Password Entry screen will be displayed.
2. At the Password Entry screen, use the arrow keys and the OK key to type
each password number, or use the Number buttons on the Soft Switch panel to
type the current service password.
3. With the Service Password typed, press the Enter key. The Controls Setup list
screen will be displayed.
4. At the Controls Setup screen, use the arrow keys and the OK key to select the
desired joystick patter option from the list.

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

NOTE: Refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual or the decals and
placards affixed to the right cab glass to determine the desired pattern and
what function is associated with the joystick positions.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -75- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

REVERSE FAN SETTING


Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

75
Reverse Fan Setting - Reversing Fan Activation
• Explanation and step-by-step The reversing fan function is manually ACTIVATED, but will switch back to the
procedure for ACTIVATING the FORWARD direction automatically after the configured Reversing Duration Time
fan reversing function (reverse operation time) has expired. To access the fan reversing function and
ACTIVATE the fan reversing feature:
1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Reverse Fan Setting
icon. Press the OK key. The Password Entry screen will be displayed.
2. At the Password Entry screen, use the arrow keys and the OK key to type
each password number - either the customer password (#1) or the service
password (#9992). The Number buttons on the Soft Switch panel may also be
used to type the current customer password or the current service password.
Then press the Enter key. The Reverse Fan Setting screen will be displayed.
3. At the Reverse Fan Setting screen, press the soft key beneath the fan icon
(red circle, above). The fan will immediately begin the reverse cycle.
The Reversing Duration Time is configurable through the F-Series monitor or by
using Cat ET. The Reversing Duration Time configuration is discussed next.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -76- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

FAN REVERSING DURATION TIME


Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

76
Reverse Fan Setting - Reversing Duration Time
• Explanation and step-by-step The Reverse Fan Setting selection from the Main Menu allows the technician to
procedure for adjusting the fan configure the Reversing Duration Time This feature lets the operator or technician
reversing duration time configure the length of time the fan will run in the REVERSE direction, once the
reversing fan has been ACTIVATED. After the configured REVERSE time has
expired, the Engine ECM will command the fan to switch back to the FORWARD
direction.
To access and/or configure the Reverse Fan Setting:
1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Reverse Fan Setting
icon. Press the OK key. The Password Entry screen will be displayed.
2. At the Password Entry screen, use the arrow keys and the OK key, or use
the number buttons on the Soft Switch panel to enter either the customer
password (#1) or the service password (#9992). Then press the Enter key.
The Reverse Fan Setting screen will be displayed.
3. At the Reverse Fan Setting screen, press the OK key to enable the Edit Mode.
The Edit Mode will cause the highlighted selection to turn from blue to green.
4. With the Edit Mode enabled, use the arrow keys to adjust the Reverse Fan
Setting time up or down to the desired fan reversing time (seconds).
5. When the desired reversing time is displayed, press the OK key to set the new
fan reverse time. The highlight will revert to blue, indicating the new time.

This function may also be performed using Cat ET.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -77- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

SERVICE
Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

77
Service Menu
• Step-by-step instructions for The Service category, or menu, from the Main Menu allows the technician to
using the Service category from access the password protected Service Menu. The password protected Service
the monitor Main Menu Menu offers the technician a list of options to view and clear logged codes,
diagnose system and component problems, perform calibrations of electrical
components, configure system parameters, and several other service related
procedures.

To access the Service Menu:


1. From the Main Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Service category.
Press the OK key. The Password Entry screen will be displayed.
2. At the Password Entry screen, use the arrow keys and the OK key to type
each password number, or use the Number buttons on the Soft Switch panel to
type the current service password.
3. With the Service Password typed, press the Enter key. The Service Menu will
be displayed.
4. At the Service Menu screen, use the arrow keys and the OK key to select an
option from the Service Menu.

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -78- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

The Service Menu contains nine options. Each option allows the technician to view
information or perform a service related function. These nine options are:
• ECM Summary
• Diagnostics
• Status
• Configurations
• Tool Programming
• Override Parameters
• Calibrations
• Device Test
• WinFlash

The following pages give detailed instructions for using each of these options and
their effect on machine operation.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -79- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

SERVICE MENU
Step 1 ECM SUMMARY

Step 2

Step 3

79
Service - ECM Summary Option
• Step-by-step instructions for The ECM Summary option from the Service Menu allows the technician to access
using the ECM Summary option a list of programmable ECMs installed on the machine. Each ECM on the list may
from the monitor Service Menu be selected to view data about the ECM.

• ECM Summary data can be The displayed data is “View Only” information and cannot be changed using option.
saved to a USB device for future The list of displayed data reflects the ECM’s configuration, installed software, ECM
reference part number, and other pertinent information.

The Service Menu must first be accessed to display the ECM Summary option. To
access and view the data from the ECM Summary option:
1. From the Service Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the ECM Summary
option. Then press the OK key. The ECM Summary screen will be displayed.
2. From the ECM Summary screen, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key
to highlight the desired ECM on the list. Then press the OK key. The selected
ECM screen with its associated data will be displayed.
3. At the ECM display screen, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key to
scroll through the list of available data for the selected ECM.

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -80- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

The ECM display screen shows (at maximum) the following data:
• Product ID: The machine serial number
• Hardware Part Number: The ECM part number
• ECM Serial Number: The specific ECM serial number
• Software Description: The name of the software, or Flash File loaded in the
ECM
• Software Part Number: The seven-digit Cat part number and revision level of
the software, or Flash File loaded in the ECM
• Software Release Date: The release date of the software, or Flash File
version loaded in the ECM

Not all ECMs displayed will have all the data listed above.

Most all displayed data appears automatically when a new ECM is installed on the
machine and/or a new Flash File is loaded into an ECM. Software is installed using
Cat ET through the diagnostic connector or via a USB storage device inserted into
the USB port on the back of the monitor. The Product ID must be entered manually
through Cat ET when a new ECM is installed.

In addition, the data files stored in the ECM Summary option may be saved to a
USB storage device (red circles) for future reference.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -81- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

SERVICE MENU
Step 1 DIAGNOSTICS - ACTIVE CODES

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

81
Service - Active Diagnostics Option
• Step-by-step instructions for The Diagnostics option from the Service Menu allows the technician to access a list
using the Diagnostics option of Active Diagnostic Codes or Events. Each code or event on the list may be
from the monitor Service Menu selected and detailed information about the code or event displayed, as well.

• This slide addresses viewing To access and use the Diagnostics option for viewing Active Codes, the Service
Active Codes Menu must first be accessed to display the Diagnostics option. Active Codes data
is “View Only” and cannot be cleared. To view Active Codes:
• Active codes cannot be cleared 1. From the Service Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Diagnostics option.
Then press the OK key. The Diagnostics screen will be displayed.
• Active codes can be saved to a
2. From the Diagnostics screen, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key to
USB device
highlight the Active Diagnostic Codes option. Then press the OK key. The
Active Diagnostic Codes list screen will be displayed.
3. From the Active Diagnostic Codes list screen, use the up arrow key or the
down arrow key to highlight the desired active code.
4. With the desired active code highlighted, press the OK key. The detailed view
of the active code will be displayed.

Press the Home key to return to the Hscreen.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -82- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

The specific details of each active code that is displayed are:


• Module ID: The name of the reporting ECM, such as “Machine Control
Module”
• Component ID: The name of the component causing the code, such as
“Boom Cylinder Head End Pressure Sensor”
• Failure Mode: The description of the failure, such as “Voltage Above Normal”
• First: The machine clock hour when the failure first occurred
• Last: The machine clock hour when the failure last occurred
• Occurrence: The number of occurrences
• WCI: The Level of severity of the failure - 1=Low, 2=Medium, 3=High

Additionally, any single specific, or all active code information files may be saved
to a USB storage device (inserted into the USB port on the rear of the monitor) by
pressing the SAVE soft key (red circles above).

NOTE: The procedure for viewing Active Events, their detailed information,
and saving the files is identical to the procedure for Active Codes described
above by selecting the Active Events option from the Diagnostics screen,
shown in Step 2.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -83- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

SERVICE MENU
Step 1 DIAGNOSTICS - LOGGED CODES

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

Step 6

83
Service - Logged Diagnostics Option
• Step-by-step instructions for The Diagnostics option from the Service Menu also allows the technician to access
using the Diagnostics option a list of logged Diagnostic Codes or Events. Each code or event on the list may be
from the monitor Service Menu to selected and detailed information about the event displayed, as well. Additionally,
view and clear Logged Codes the technician may clear logged codes and events.
To access and use the Diagnostics option for viewing and/or clearing Logged
• This slide addresses viewing and Codes, the Service Menu must first be accessed to display the Diagnostics option.
clearing Logged Codes To view and/or clear Logged Codes:

• Logged Codes can be cleared 1. From the Service Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Diagnostics option.
Then press the OK key. The Diagnostics screen will be displayed.
• Logged Codes can be saved to a 2. From the Diagnostics screen, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key to
USB device highlight the Logged Diagnostic Codes option. Then press the OK key. The
Logged Diagnostic Code list screen will be displayed.
3. From the Logged Diagnostic Code list screen, use the up arrow key or the
down arrow key to highlight the desired Logged Code.
4. With the desired Logged Code highlighted, press the OK key. The Detailed
View screen of the logged code will be displayed. From the Detailed View
screen, the specific code may be cleared. To clear the code, press the Delete
Key (blue circle - Step 4). The Confirm Delete screen will be displayed.
5. At the Confirm Delete screen, the “Clear this logged diagnostic code?” prompt
will be displayed. To confirm the “Delete” operation, use the arrow keys to
highlight the “Yes” option. Then press the OK key.
6. The Code Cleared confirmation screen will be displayed.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -84- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

The specific details of the active code that are displayed are:
• Module ID: The name of the reporting ECM, such as “Machine Control
Module”
• Component ID: The name of the component causing the code, such as
“Boom Cylinder Head End Pressure Sensor”
• Failure Mode: The description of the failure, such as “Voltage Above Normal”
• First: The machine clock hour when the failure first occurred
• Last: The machine clock hour when the failure last occurred
• Occurrence: The number of occurrences for any particular failure
• WCI: The Level of severity of the failure - 1=Low, 2=Medium, 3=High

All logged codes may be cleared from the Logged Diagnostic Code list
screen (Step 3) by pressing the Delete key (blue circle - Step 3). This procedure
eliminates multiple steps in the clearing process.

Additionally, any single specific, or all logged code information files may be saved
to a USB storage device (inserted into the USB port on the rear of the monitor) by
pressing the SAVE soft key from certain screens (red circles above).

NOTE: The procedure for viewing and clearing Logged Events, their
detailed information, and saving the files is identical to the procedure for
Logged Codes described above by selecting the Logged Events option
from the Diagnostics screen (Step 2).

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -85- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

SERVICE MENU
Step 1 STATUS

Step 2

Step 3

85
Service - Status Option
• Step-by-step instructions for The Status option from the Service Menu allows the technician to access lists of
using the Status option from the electrical components and view their real-time status. The components are
monitor Service Menu arranged by systems to enhance troubleshooting by enabling the technician to see
the state of each component during operation. For instance, all of the electrical
components involved in Main Pump Control may be viewed while the pumps are in
operation. The displayed data is “View Only” information and cannot be changed
or overridden using this option. Status information (all or a single component) may
also be saved to a USB storage device by connecting the storage device to the
USB port (on the rear of the monitor) and pressing the Save key (red circles,
above).

To view the status of any component or system of components, the Service Menu
must first be accessed to display the Status option. To access this data:
1. From the Service Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Status option.
Then press the OK key. The Status screen will be displayed.
2. From the Status screen, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key to
highlight the desired system on the list of systems and components. Then
press the OK key. The selected System screen with its list of electrical
components and their real time status will be displayed.
3. At the System screen, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key to scroll
through the list and view the real-time state of the electrical components.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -86- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

A partial list of machine systems and component groupings available from the
System (status) screen (Step 2) follows:
• General: Miscellaneous
• Pump Load: Pump pressure sensors and control pressure sensors
• Main Pump Control: Pump control components and sensors
• Pressure Sensors: Hydraulic system pressure sensors
• Pressure Switches: All pressure switches on the machine and engine
• Plugged Switches: Fluid/filter switches
• Solenoids: Implement and pump system solenoids
• Pilot Press Limit Comm: Implement control pilot pressure limiting PRVs, if
equipped
• TCS Operator Input: Tool Control switch inputs, such as Left Joystick
Switch #1
• Tool Control: Tool control components, such as Bypass Cut Valve #1
Pressure
• Attachment Valves: Any electronic control components installed with an
attachment
• Cab Switches: Operator controls, such as the Heavy Lift Switch on the soft
switch panel
• Working Mode: Mode controls, such as the Travel Speed Mode switch on the
soft switch panel
• Front Linkage: Grade Control components, if equipped, such as Stick Angle
position Sensor Duty Cycle
• Security System Parameters: Such as MSS Installation status and System
Clock setting
• All Available Parameters: This selection has a sub-menu, arranged by ECM,
and lists all components monitored by the selected ECM

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -87- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

SERVICE MENU
Step 1 CONFIGURATIONS

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

973
Step 5

700
Step 6

87
Service - Configurations

• Step-by-step instructions for The Configurations option from the Service Menu allows the technician to access
using the Configurations option and change component and system parameters. When selecting the
from the monitor Service Menu Configurations option, the Configurations Menu will be displayed.

The Configuration Menu contains a list of options that can be selected to make
changes to the way components respond during operation of the machine or to
identify what equipment is installed on the machine and how the ECM should
interpret any signals from the component. For instance, if there is an additional
hydraulic oil filter within an attachment circuit that is added to the machine, the
technician can indicate if the new filter bypass switch is a “normally open” or a
“normally closed” switch.

To view and/or change parameters within the Configurations option:


1. From the Service Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Configurations
option. Press the OK key. The Configurations Menu will be displayed.
2. From the Configurations Menu, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key to
highlight the desired menu option.
3. With the desired option highlighted, press the OK key. The selected option’s
Parameter List screen will be displayed.
4. At the Parameter List screen, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key to
scroll to the desired parameter.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -88- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

5. Press the OK key. The parameter’s highlight will change from blue to green,
indicating the edit mode. While in edit mode, use the up arrow key or the
down arrow key (or use the Number buttons on the soft switch panel) to
change the value of the parameter. (In the example above, the engine rpm for
the One Touch Low Idle Speed feature has been changed to 800 rpm.)
6. When the parameter value has been adjusted to the desired level, press the
OK key again to set the new parameter value. The highlight will change back
to blue, indicating the change has been completed and stored.

The machine operation will now reflect the changed parameter value. (In the
example above, engine speed will now drop to 800 rpm when the One Touch Low
Idle button is pressed, instead of the original rpm value.)

Press the Home key to return to the Home screen or press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

Configuration information (all or a single component) may also be saved to a USB


storage device by connecting the storage device to the USB port (on the rear of the
monitor) and pressing the Save key (red circles, above).

A partial list of options from the Configurations Menu (Step 2) follows:


• ECM Identification: Identify all ECMs within the Electronic Control System)
• Work Mode: Enable or disable work modes, such as high, standard, or
economy power modes)
• Machine Attachments: Identify and/or configure installed components
• Travel Speed Shift: Configure travel speed shifting points
• Throttle Dial Speed: Configure engine rpm per speed dial number and AEC
parameters
• Throttle Dial Hyd Power: Configure hydraulic power distribution per speed
dial number
• Recommended Interval: Configure service interval frequency per
component - such as engine oil change frequency
• Security Access: Install and/or configure MSS
• Cat Grade Control: Install and/or configure grade control components
• Aux Hyd Attachment: Install and/or configure hydraulic attachment valves
and/or related components
• Control Inputs: Identify and/or configure machine controls, such as
joystick/pedal types
• Crane System: Install and/or configure crane system components
• Fan Configuration: Install and/or configure engine cooling fan types
• Camera Inputs: Install and/or configure video cameras

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -89- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor
Step 1

Step 2
SERVICE MENU
TOOL PROGRAMMING

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5
Step 7

Step 6
Step 8

Step 9

Step 10

89
Service - Tool Programming
• Step-by-step instructions for The Tool Programming option from the Service Menu allows the technician to
using the Tool Programming identify and program a work tool, along with its operating and system parameters.
option from the monitor Service When selecting the Tool Programming option, the Tool Programming Menu will be
Menu displayed.

The Tool Programming Menu contains a list of work tools, any of which can be
selected. When selected, the tool type, tool name, engine speed dial operating
range, and other pertinent parameters must be configured for the Machine ECM to
be able to monitor and control the tool.

To program and configure a work tool using the Tool Programming option:
1. From the Service Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Tool Programming
option. Press the OK key. The Tool Programming Menu will be displayed.
2. From the Tool Programming Menu, use the up arrow key or the down arrow
key to highlight the desired Tool # option. Then press the OK key. The
selected option’s Tool Programming screen will be displayed.
3. At the Tool Programming screen, press the OK key to enter the edit mode for
the Tool Type option. The highlight will change from blue to green, indicating
the Edit Mode is active.
4. With the EDIT MODE active, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key to
select the desired Tool Type.
5. Press the OK key. The Tool Type highlight will change back to blue, indicating
the change and the Tool Type will be changed.
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SERV1994 - 05/14 -90- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

6. Use the down arrow key to highlight the Tool Name option.
7. Press the OK key to enter the Tool Name screen.
8. At the Tool Name screen, use the arrow keys to highlight each letter of the tool
name and then press the OK key to enter each highlighted letter into the field
above the keyboard. (The Back key acts as a backspace key if an incorrect
letter is entered. The Shift key allows for upper case and lower case letters to
be used.)
9. When the complete name has been entered into the name field, press the
Enter key to set the Tool Name.

(Repeat the above process to configure the remaining options on the Tool
Programming screen.)

When all of the options have been configured, press the BACK KEY to set the data
to the tool. The Tool Programming screen will be displayed again, reflecting the
tool name entered.

The tool can now be selected for use in the Work Tool Select category from the
Main Menu. The tool will operate within the parameters just configured.

When all tool programming is complete, press the Home key to return to the Home
screen or press the Back key to step back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

Tool Programming information may also be saved to a USB storage device by


connecting the storage device to the USB port (on the rear of the monitor) and
pressing the SAVE key (red circles, above).

The remaining options on the Tool Programming screen allow for the configuration
of the following tool specific parameters:
• Max Throttle Dial Position: Limits the maximum operating engine rpm for this
tool)
• Min Throttle Dial Position: Limits the minimum operating engine rpm for this
tool)
• Eco Mode Enable Status: Enables/Disables the Economy Power Mode
during operation of this work tool)
• Boom Down Regen Max Press: Sets the threshold for activating boom
regeneration)
• Overheat Event Threshold: Sets the temperature threshold at which the
monitor will warn of system overheating during tool operation)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -91- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor
Step 1
SERVICE MENU
OVERRIDE PARAMETERS
Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

Step 6

Step 7

91
Service - Override Parameters
• Step-by-step instructions for The Override Parameters option from the Service Menu allows the technician to
using the Override Parameters override the state of a component from what the ECM would normally command.
option from the monitor Service This option allows the technician to troubleshoot components by forcing a
Menu component‘s state to a known condition, then test the component to ensure it is
responding properly. (This feature is similar to the Overrides feature in Cat ET.)
To override a component using the Override Parameters option:
1. From the Service Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Override
Parameters option. Press the OK key. The Override Parameters screen will
be displayed.
2. From the Override Parameters screen, use the up arrow key or the down
arrow key to highlight the desired component.
3. With the desired component highlighted, press the OK key to enter the
Override Mode. The highlight will change from blue to green, indicating the
Override Mode is active.
4. With the Override Mode active, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key (or
use the Number buttons on the soft switch panel, if appropriate) to change the
state of the component.
5. With the state of the component changed, press the OK key to enforce
the Override. The highlight will change from green to red, indicating that
component has been overridden. (This is a warning indicator that the
component is not in its normal state.)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -92- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

The overridden components may now be tested to see if the component is


responding properly to the override command.
6. When component testing is complete, press the Cancel key (blue circle above)
to cancel the override.
7. After cancelling the override, the highlight will change from red to blue,
indicating the component is returned to the correct state, given the operational
state of the machine.

When all override operations are complete, press the Home key to return to the
Home screen or press the Back key to step back up the hierarchy to the desired
screen. The partial list of components that may be selected for overrides follows:
• Desired Engine Speed: Overrides speed dial command
• Action Alarm Status: Overrides monitor command
• Pump #1 Control Solenoid: Front pump- overrides ECM command
• Pump #2 Control Solenoid: Rear pump - overrides ECM command
• Swing Brake Solenoid Overrides ECM command
• Travel Alarm Command: Overrides ECM command
• Travel Speed Solenoid: Overrides ECM command
• Straight Travel Solenoid: Overrides ECM command
• Bypass Cut Valve #1 Pressure: Overrides ECM command
• Bypass Cut Valve #2 Pressure: Overrides ECM command
• QC Unlock Solenoid Status*: Overrides Quick Coupler switch
• QC Bypass Cut Sol Status*: Overrides Quick Coupler switch
• Lift Control Solenoid: Overrides ECM command
• BLCV Solenoid Current*: Overrides ECM command
• SLCV Solenoid Current*: Overrides ECM command
• Boom Anti Drift Solenoid: Overrides ECM command
• Stick Anti Drift Solenoid: Overrides ECM command
• Combining Valve Solenoid: Overrides ECM command
• Desired Fan Speed: Overrides ECM command
• Back Pressure Valve: Overrides ECM command
• Warm-Up Valve #1: Overrides ECM command
• Warm-Up Valve #2: Overrides ECM command
• Des Pump #1 Flow Rate: Front pump - overrides ECM command
• Des Pump #2 Flow Rate: Rear pump - overrides ECM command
NOTE: An asterisk indicates optional equipment that may or may not be
present on your machine.
NOTE: Depending on the marketing area and the required components for
that area, there may be more override parameters listed here.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -93- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

SERVICE MENU
CALIBRATIONS
Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

Step 6

93
Service - Calibrations
• Step-by-step instructions for The Calibrations option from the Service Menu allows the technician to calibrate
using the Calibrations option solenoids, sensors, and other components on the machine that are monitored or
from the monitor Service Menu controlled by an ECM. This option allows the technician to calibrate these
components without the need of Cat ET. (This feature is similar to the Calibrations
feature in Cat ET.)

To calibrate a component using the Calibrations option:


1. From the Service Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Calibrations
option. Press the OK key. The Calibrations Menu will be displayed.
2. From the Calibrations Menu, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key
to highlight the desired component, then press the OK KEY to enter the
Calibration Mode.
3. The display will then alert that the monitor is requesting access to the Machine
ECM test mode. Wait until the screen in Step 4 appears.
4. When the “Step 1 : Ready to Start” screen appears, press the OK key to start
the calibration. (The monitor may display two more screens, prompting the
operator to warm the hydraulic oil and/or to move the hydraulic lock lever to
the “Locked” position, if these conditions are not already met.)
5. While the ECM is performing the calibration routine, the “Step 4: Calibrating...”
screen will be displayed.
6. When the calibration is complete, the “Step 5: Complete” screen is displayed.
Press the “Back” key to return to the Calibrations Menu.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -94- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

The display may inform the technician that the calibration was not successful. This
could be due to a failed component or a calibration condition that has not been met
(ie; oil temperature may have dropped too low during the calibration procedure.)

A list of calibrations that may be selected, follows:


• Swash Plate: Swash plate angle sensors
• Modulation Inputs: Joystick sensors and controls
• ACS Front Valves (Std): Boom, Stick, and Bucket PHMV solenoids
• ACS Front Valves (Test): Boom, Stick, and Bucket PHMV solenoids
(Do not use this option - for factory use only without front linkages installed)
• ACS Other Valves: Swing, attachment, ACS Bypass 1 & 2, Straight Travel,
Combiner, PHMV solenoids
• Lowering Check Valves (if equipped): (BLCV and SLCV solenoids
• Attachment Valves: Attachment Valve Extend and Retract Pressure
• Variable Relief Valves: Valves #1 and #2
• Main Pump Flow Limit: Pump #1 and Pump #2 - must connect flow meter
• Hyd Relief Pressure: Pump #1 and Pump #2 Main Relief Pressure

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -95- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

SERVICE MENU
Step 1 DEVICE TEST

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

95
Service - Device Test
• Step-by-step instructions for The Device Test option from the Service Menu allows the technician to troubleshoot
using the Device Test option from components by commanding pre-programmed routines that test a component’s
the monitor Service Menu ability to function properly. This allows the technician to identify or eliminate the
component as being the cause of a problem. (This feature is identical to the
Device Test option used in the D-Series monitor.)

To test a device using the Device Test option:


1. From the Service Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Device Test option.
Press the OK key. The Device Test Menu will be displayed.
2. From the Device Test Menu, use the up arrow key or the down arrow key to
highlight the desired Device Test option. Press the OK key to display the
Device Test option sub-menu.
3. From the Device Test option sub-menu, use the up arrow key or the down
arrow key to highlight the desired test. (The device may have more than one
test that can be performed.) Press the OK key to start the test.
4. Follow the on-screen prompts to perform the test.

When the test is complete, press the Home key to return to the Home screen or
press the Back key to step back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -96- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor
Step 1
SERVICE MENU
WINFLASH

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

Step 6

Step 7

Step 8

96
Service - Winflash
• Step-by-step instructions for The Winflash option from the Service Menu allows the technician to flash the ECMs
using the Winflash option to on the machine from a USB memory device. This method of flashing ECMs is
download flash files to ECMs much faster than using Cat ET and does not require connecting a laptop and COM
on the machine, using a USB adapter. Previous versions of the E-Series monitor only allowed flashing the
memory device and the F-Series monitor, but all ECMs on the machine may now be flashed with new software using
monitor this method. This method requires copying a Flash File from a laptop to a USB
memory device (thumb drive, flash drive, memory stick, portable hard drive, etc.)

After copying the desired Flash Files to a USB memory device and inserting the
device into the USB port on the back of the monitor, perform the following steps:
1. From the Service Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Winflash option.
Press the OK key. The ECM Selection screen will be displayed.
2. With the ECM Selection screen displayed, use the arrow keys to highlight the
“Target” ECM, then press the OK key. The USB Detection screen will then be
displayed.
3. The USB Detection screen will be displayed briefly while the USB device is
being read. Once all valid files are read, the File Selection screen will be
displayed.
4. When the File Selection screen appears, a list of available files for download
will be displayed. Use the arrow keys to highlight the desired Flash File.
Press the OK key to select the file for download to the target ECM. The Flash
Confirmation screen will then be displayed.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -97- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

5. Once the Flash Confirmation screen appears, read the displayed information
to confirm the file selection and the target ECM are correct.
-- If the Flash File or target ECM are incorrect, press the Back key to step
back up the hierarchy to make corrections.
-- If the information is correct, press the OK key to continue to the Start
Flashing screen.
6. Once the Start Flashing screen appears, confirm the download by pressing the
OK key again. The Flashing screen will appear.
7. The Flashing screen appears while the file download is in progress. A green
bar will show the progress of the download. This could take several minutes,
depending on the file size. Do not interrupt the download process.
8. When the ECM flashing process is done, the Download Complete screen will
be displayed, confirming the download was successful. Follow the on-screen
prompts to cycle the machine’s key-switch to OFF, then back to ON to reset
the procedure.

Once the new Flash File has been downloaded to the target ECM, there may be
calibrations to perform, depending on what ECM is flashed and what devices the
ECM monitors or controls. These actions will be the same as when using Cat ET
to flash an ECM.

When flashing is complete, press the Home key to return to the Home screen or
press the Back key to step back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -98- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

Step 1
SERVICE MENU
SAVING DATA FILES

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

Step 6

98
Saving Data Files
• Step-by-step instructions for Data files from several Service Menu options may be saved to a USB storage
using a USB memory device to device. This information is useful for troubleshooting, in that these data files can
save data files then be attached to e-mail messages or shared with other service personnel for
their viewing. These data files can also be archived for future reference, in case an
ECM has been replaced or if there is a desire to configure other machines. Data
files may be saved from the following Service Menu selections:
• ECM Summary
• Diagnostics: Active and logged diagnostic and event codes
• Status: Of components listed
• Configurations: Systems parameters
• Tool Programming: Specific tool parameters

The illustration above shows the screens that are displayed during a SAVE
operation from the Diagnostic Codes selection. (This procedure is applicable to
any of the Service Menu selections listed above.) Data files may be saved from
any screen that displays the Save icon above the center soft key (Step 2).

Some Service Menu selections allow the user to save data files from several
screens, depending on whether the user desires to save the data file from the
entire menu selection category or from a single, specific sub-menu selection (when
available).

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -99- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

For example: The Diagnostics option allows the technician to save all codes and
events (as in the illustration above), only the codes or events from any of the
sub-menu selections (shown on the Step 1 screen above), or any specific code or
event that can be displayed from the sub-menu selection.

To SAVE a data file from the Diagnostics menu selection:


1. From the Service Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the Diagnostics option.
Press the OK key. The Diagnostics Menu will be displayed.
2. From the Diagnostics Menu screen, press the SAVE soft key. The “Step 1 :
Detecting . . .” screen will be displayed.
3. While the “Step 1 : Detecting . . .” screen is displayed, wait a moment for the
monitor to detect and access the USB storage device.
4. Once the monitor accesses the USB storage device, the “Step 2 :
Confirmation” screen will be displayed. Note the file name that the monitor
has assigned to the data file (yellow oval). Press the OK key to start the SAVE
operation (blue circle).
5. As the monitor is saving the data file to the USB storage device, the “Step 3 :
Saving . . .” screen will be displayed. The screen will display the progress of
the SAVE operation (such as “3 items/10 items”).
6. When the SAVE operation is complete, the “Step 4 : Completed” screen will be
displayed. The data file has been saved to the USB device.

When the Save operation is complete, press the Home key to return to the Home
screen or press the Back key to step back up the hierarchy to the desired screen.

The data files are saved as “.htm” files that can be launched and viewed through
a web browser on any computer. These files can be archived in customer and/
or dealer computers for future reference. Since these files are easily displayed
through a web browser, they may also be printed out for use by a technician or
operator, if desired.

The next page contains an illustration that demonstrates an example of the data file
displayed in a web page.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -100- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

100
The illustration above shows a partial screen that is displayed when the saved data
file is opened in a web browser. The data file is identical to the data file that can be
saved using Cat ET. Saving these files to a USB storage device directly from the
monitor is easier, simpler, and faster than connecting Cat ET.

Information displayed above is:


• Machine ECM detailed information (1)
• Engine ECM detailed information (2)
• Monitor (ECM) detailed information (3)
• Active diagnostic code listings (partial list)

The file also shows the date and time when the file is saved (5).

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -101- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

PURPOSE

This module was designed to ensure technicians can


locate, identify, and describe the functionality of all
electronic components in the machine electronic control
and monitoring system and demonstrate proficiency
using all the features available in the F-Series monitor.

101
PURPOSE REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -102- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

REASON

This training was necessary for technicians to be able


to identify electronic system components, demonstrate
knowledge of the machine monitoring system, and
make full usage of the monitor in order to troubleshoot
machine components and systems, change operating
parameters, adjust machine settings, and perform
component calibrations, ensuring customers can
experience quick, accurate resolution of machine
problems.

102
REASON REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -103- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

COMPETENCY STATEMENT

Participants are able to demonstrate proficiency in


using the F-Series monitor during a lab exercise
and identify the major electronic components in the
machine electronic control system during a classroom
post-assessment with at least 80% accuracy.

103
COMPETENCY STATEMENT REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -104- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Participants have now completed this 374F/390F


Hydraulic Excavator Electronic Control and Monitoring
System module and are able to:
• Locate, identify, and describe the functionality of all
electronic components in the machine monitoring
system.
• Use the F-Series monitor to access and record
data, make changes to operational parameters, and
perform basic machine system calibrations.

104
LEARNING OUTCOMES REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -105- Module 2 - Electronic Control System and Monitor

105
MODULE CONCLUSION

This concludes the Electronic Control System and Monitor module for the 374F and
390F Hydraulic Excavators.

When used in conjunction with the System Operations Manuals, the Test and
Adjust Manuals, the Operation and Maintenance Manuals (OMM), and other
service publications, the information in this module will aid the service technician in
troubleshooting, testing, adjusting, and correcting problems with most systems and
electronic components on the machine using the monitor.

For service repairs, adjustments, and maintenance, always refer to the Operation
and Maintenance Manuals (OMM), Service Manuals, and other related service
publications.

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