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PRESENT SIMPLE / Настоящее простое время

Do
+ verb
Does
Слова, указывающие на PRESENT SIMPLE:

Sometimes, regularly, always, never, often,


rarely, in winter, on Sundays, every month

   

I jog every day. —
 
 


    

 
The Earth turns round the Sun. —
 
PRESENT SIMPLE / Настоящее простое время

 

   
The train to Moscow leaves at 3 p.m. —
 ! "#$%

! 
 "#

Our football team wins the Championship. —


&'  " (%"(
PRESENT CONTINUOUS / Настоящее длительное время

Am
Is + verb(-ing)
Are
Слова, указывающие на PRESENT CONTINUOUS:

Now, at present, at the moment,


today, this time, still
PRESENT CONTINUOUS / Настоящее длительное время

$  
  %    
  
I am talking. —
(

&   #' 


 #
He is staying at his parents’. —
)( ( 
#  #
'% 
We are going to the cinema tonight. —
 % (  (
(  

)

She is singing louder than last time. —


)"%*%"' 
'     

He is always playing his guitar. —
+%( (
PRESENT PERFECT / Настоящее совершенное время

Have III форма

+ verb(-ed)
Has
Слова, указывающие на PRESENT PERFECT:

Just, already, never, yet, so far, recently


$  
#* +  %
# *
I’ve done my homework. ,  (

$  
 %   %#
  #* '     
I’ve seen her somewhere! — -( .

+ 
    #*   
  %#
I’ve done it a hundred times! —
/ .
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS /
Настоящее совершенное длительное время

Have
+ been + verb(-ing)
Has
Слова, указывающие на PRESENT PERFECT:

How long, since, for


$  
+# *  %#
#'  

- 
Ann has been doing skating for 6 years. —
01(2(  (

$  
 %# #
# *  .  

"  #* '    
  
It’s been raining for 2 weeks! —
3
(  (.45
 "(6
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS /
Настоящее совершенное длительное время

$  
  %# 

' 
 


Have you been out without your hat again? —
7 " 8 (('" (9
PAST SIMPLE / Простое прошедшее время

III форма
Verb(-ed), did not + verb
Слова, указывающие на PRESENT SIMPLE:

/01203456 7512 8009 :;<456 6053 02=


2>0< 52 ? 5@ A< BC?D
PAST SIMPLE / Простое прошедшее время

$  
  %      # 
   %#
He went to this school. —
)%(/ ' 

$  
  %     # 
   %#
She came home at half past seven. —
)"('  "(
 #  #*   
  %#
He entered the study, went to his table
and found the note. —
)' (*" ' 
('"( 
PAST CONTINUOUS / Прошедшее длительное время

Was
+ verb(-ing)
Were
Слова, указывающие на PAST CONTINUOUS:

When, while, as
$  
 %# #    
"" 

I was still sleeping, when he left for work. —
"*  8

$#
 #*   
 %#
  "
   

He was reading his newspaper,
when Ann called. —
)%(*  "(0
PAST CONTINUOUS / Прошедшее длительное время

$  
  %#  %%

  
Peter was driving by, as I was talking to Ann. —
("
(*
 (0
PAST PERFECT / Настоящее совершенное время

III форма
Had + verb(-ed)

Слова, указывающие на PAST PERFECT:

E;3 1A<=0 5730546 5F203 GI12 K6 2>0 2A@0 02=


PAST PERFECT / Настоящее совершенное время

$  
 %# +
# *  ""


#
  # "   

He had f inished his lunch by the time


I came from work. —
)
"  *
 "(' 
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS /
Настоящее совершенное длительное время

Had + been + verb(-ing)


Слова, указывающие
на PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS:
For, since
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS /
Настоящее совершенное длительное время

#'
 #*   
 %#
 +
# *    #   

Tom had been working there for two years


when he got fired. —
7"  *
"
%((
#'
 #*   
 %#
 #* " # ' 

She had been dating his brother,


so he could not tell her of his feelings. —

%*
"/  
(8%8
FUTURE SIMPLE / Будущее простое время

Will + verb
Слова, указывающие на FUTURE SIMPLE:

M;@;33;8 <0O2 8009 @;<2> 6053 02=


A< 5 456 8009 @;<2> 02=
 % 
 

    
  
It’s getting cold, I will close the window. —
(8 *  
# ' #
  +
 #' 
   
When I grow up, I will be an astronaut. —
:  *
!
 '   
He will turn 30 next year. —
+  ("(;<
FUTURE CONTINUOUS / Будущее длительное время

Will + be + verb(-ing)
Слова, указывающие
на FUTURE CONTINUOUS:

P2 B ;Q=7;=9 2;@;33;8 577 456


2A77 @A4<AR>2 02=
$  
    %*    
""   

#

   
I will be flying to Paris, when you arrive. —
:  "( '* (


$  
  #
    
   #   
What will you be doing tomorrow around noon? —
=  '(*
 " 9
FUTURE PERFECT / Будущее совершенное время

III форма

Will + have + verb(-ed)


Слова, указывающие на FUTURE PERFECT:

T6 8>0< K0F;30 K6 2>0 2A@0 02=


$  
    % 
   #   
She will have come back from vacation,
when school starts. —
)("  %
'  8( 
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS /
Будущее совершенное длительное время

Will + have + been + verb(-ing)


Слова, указывающие
на FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS:

By… for
$  
    #
*    
   # "  

By the end of June he will have been studying


French for 3 years! —
+ ( ( *
 %(2 ( .
THE PASSIVE VOICE / Пассивная форма

$  
 %    V 
PRESENT SIMPLE

Am III форма

Is + verb(-ed)
Are
Peter is told to stay at home. —
(( 
PRESENT CONTINUOUS

Am III форма

Is + being + verb(-ed)
Are
I am being asked to keep quiet. —
!((8
THE PASSIVE VOICE / Пассивная форма

PRESENT PERFECT

Has III форма


+ been + verb(-ed)
Have
She has been told never to enter his room. —
> ((  8 ( 
PAST SIMPLE

Was III форма


+ verb(-ed)
Were
He was called dumb for no reason. —
> ( % (%
THE PASSIVE VOICE / Пассивная форма

PAST CONTINUOUS

Was III форма


+ being + verb(-ed)
Were
He was being looked after properly at that time. —
+(   
"(((
PAST PERFECT

III форма
Had + been + verb(-ed)
She had been asked already,
when he came up with his proposal. —
: "*

 "(' (
THE PASSIVE VOICE / Пассивная форма

FUTURE SIMPLE

III форма
Will + be + verb(-ed)
He will be made agree. —
>(
FUTURE PERFECT

III форма
Will + have + been + verb(-ed)
By the evening all the apples
will have been taken. —
:% (
THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD / Условное наклонение

 
  
PRESENT SIMPLE / FUTURE CONTINUOUS
If it’s sunny tomorrow, we will go to the beach. —
>( * " "


PRESENT CONTINUOUS / FUTURE CONTINUOUS


If she comes on Friday, I will make pancakes. —
>("( "(*" (
 
   
PAST SIMPLE / WOULD (COULD) + VERB
If he called me earlier, I would come to his party. —
>( "('*
 "'%( 
PAST CONTINUOUS / WOULD (COULD) + VERB
If you were not so buzzy, we could go fishing. —
>(    *
 ( " (  
THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD / Условное наклонение

 
   
III форма
PAST PERFECT / WOULD (COULD) + HAVE + VERB(-ed)

Had she known him better,


she would not have asked him for help. —
>( "%'*
(  "
INDIRECT SPEECH / Косвенная речь (настоящее время)

PRESENT SIMPLE + PRESENT SIMPLE


She says she likes him a lot. —
)(*% %(

PRESENT SIMPLE + PRESENT PERFECT


He says he has seen Ann at the shop. —
)(*%( 0(
INDIRECT SPEECH / Косвенная речь (настоящее время)

PRESENT SIMPLE + FUTURE IN THE PAST


(WOULD + VERB)

Peter argues that we would lose the


competition. —
(
*% "(
(
PAST SIMPLE /
PRESENT PERFECT + PAST SIMPLE

She told me, the bus was late. —


) *%" 

I have been told, they got my message. —


! (*%("%(((
INDIRECT SPEECH / Косвенная речь (настоящее время)

PAST SIMPLE /
PRESENT PERFECT + PAST CONTINUOUS

He told me, they were going to meet Jane. —


) *%(( %3
 

She has informed us, they were leaving in a week. —


)(*%% 
(

PAST SIMPLE /
PRESENT PERFECT + PAST PERFECT

She was told, he had not left her the money. —


>  (*%(  

He has told me, he had not done it on purpose. —


) *% /%
INDIRECT SPEECH / Косвенная речь (настоящее время)

PAST SIMPLE / PRESENT PERFECT +


+ FUTURE IN THE PAST (WOULD + VERB)

John said that he would be home for Christmas. —


3
 *%"(   ?


Ann has let the teacher know she would


be absent the next day. —
0(%(*% (  
 
PAST SIMPLE / PRESENT PERFECT +
+ FUTURE CONTINUOUS IN THE PAST
(WOULD + BE + VERB(-ing))

We were told, we would be going home


by train.,& (*%  
 " " 

Peter has made it clear that he would


be doing it by himself. —
( "*% /(
SEQUENCE OF TENSES / Согласование времен

 #  #*
#
  
  
  %#
PAST SIMPLE + PAST CONTINUOUS

When I came home, she was watching TV. —


: "('  *(
 #  #*
#
  
  
   
PRESENT SIMPLE + FUTURE SIMPLE

When you see him, you will like


him at once. —
:  ( ('*

"(
SEQUENCE OF TENSES / Согласование времен

   
 %# 
%#
*% ""
PAST SIMPLE + PAST PERFECT

When Ann found her father, he had lost hope


to ever see her again. —
: 0'*
"
 
  -(( 
   
    %
 
 +# ""
FUTURE PERFECT + PRESENT SIMPLE

I will have finished washing the dishes


before you come back. —
 % "  *
  '