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Basic Bootcamp
Useful Phrases for Learning Russian

Formal Russian Formal Romanization English Vocabulary Grammar Points

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Formal Russian
, - __________? , . , . , . -, .

Formal Romanization
Izvinite, kak skazat' po-russki __________? Izvinite, ya ne ponyal. Povtorite, pozhaluista. Pozhaluista, govorite medlenneye. Napishite mne eto po-russki, pozhaluista.

English
Excuse me, how do you say __________ in Russian? I'm sorry, I didn't understand. Say it once again, please. Please, speak slower. Write this down in Russian for me, please.

2
Russian -

Vocabulary
Romanization izvinite kak skazat' ya pa-roosski ne ponyal povtorite Pazhalusta govorite

English excuse me, I am sorry, pardon how to say I (I'm) (in) Russian not, don't understood repeat please speak

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2010-01-18

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medlenneye Napishite Mne Eto slower write down to me, for me this

Vocabulary Sample Sentences


, ! "Oh, I'm sorry!" , . "I'm sorry, I'm late." , ? "Excuse me, what time is it now?" ? (Kak "What`s the name of this movie?" nazyvaetsya etot fil'm?) ? (Kak eto "How do you read this?" chitaetsya?) ? (Kak u tebya dela?) How are you? . (Ya ne "I can't tell you this." mogu vam etogo skazat'.) ... (Kak vam skazat'...) "How should I put it..." - . "Im Oksana." . "Im Russian." . "I like summer." -? "Do you speak Russian?" (informal) -. "I don't understand Russian." -. "They read in Russian a lot." ? (Vam ne holodno?) "Aren't you cold?" . (On ne golodnyi.) "He's not hungry." . ( Ya ne russkij.) "I'm not Russian." ? (Ty menya ponyal?) "Did you understand me?" , . (Ya ponyal, spasibo.) "I understood, thank you." , . "Repeat this word, please." , , . "Repeat your name, please." , . "Your ticket, please." (formal) , . "Don't tell him that I've come." , . "Repeat slower, please." (Povtorite medlenneye, pozhaluista.) . (Davaite "Let's go slower." poidyom medlenneye.) , ."Write down this word for me, please." ( Napishite mne eto slovo, pozhaluista.)

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2010-01-18

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, . (Napishite mne pis'mo, pozhaluista.) , . (Napishishe mne svoi adres, pozhaluista.) "Write me a letter, please." "Write down your address for me, please."

Grammar Points
The Focus of This Bootcamp Lesson is Using Russian Phrases to Learn More Russian , - __________ ? The first word in this sentence means "excuse me" and has the same usage as in English when used in questions. However, if we use it in an interrogative sentence, the meaning of will change to "I'm sorry":

For Example: 1. , ? Izvinite, kotoryi chas? "Excuse me, what time is it now?" 2. , . Izvinite, ya vas ne zametil. "I'm sorry, I didn't notice you."

literally means "how to say." We can translate - as "in Russian," and it refers to the language in our case, although the function word - doesn't mean the English "in." indicates the way in which something is

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done. So literally, we can translate - as "in a Russian way." You can use to build other expressions, such as: 1. - po-moyemu "in my way"/"in my opinion" 2. - po-derevenski "countryside-like" 3. - po-druzheski "in a friendly way"

Look at the second sentence:

, . , . Pay special attention to the verb . We use this word in the past tense in masculine gender. If the speaker is a woman, she should say ponyala (), and the whole sentence will sound as: , . Izvinite, ya ne ponyala. "I'm sorry, I didn't understand."

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2010-01-18

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We use the verb ("repeat") in an imperative mood, and without "please" in the end, your request might sound rather rude. has the same usage as the English "please," and we use it with both requests and offers: 1. , . Odin kofe, pozhaluista. "One coffee, please." 2. , . Vash kofe, pozhaluista. "Your coffee, please."

We write the third sentence, , , in the imperative mood.

means, "speak" and is said as a command. It will be very useful to remember this word together with the sentence: -? Vy govorite po-anglijski? "Do you speak English?" means "slower." If you have difficulty understanding your companion, you can simply say: , . Medlenneye, pozhaluista. "Slower, please."

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2010-01-18

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We say the last sentence -, in the imperative mood also. means "write" or "write down." is the modification of the pronoun ("I"), and literally means "to me" or "for me." You can use it with other verbs. For Example: 1. . Skazhite mne. "Tell me." 2. . Pokazhite mne. "Show me." 3. . Pozvonite mne. "Call me."

means "this," and in our case it indicates the thing that you want your companion to write down. We can also translate it as "this is" and use it in different sentences. For Example: 1. . Eto kniga. "This is a book." 2. - . Eto moi drug-Ivan. "This is my friend Ivan." 3. ? Kto Eto? "Who is this?"

You can omit - ("in Russian") if you and your companion both know that

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2010-01-18

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the thing you need should be written in Russian.

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2010-01-18