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4
2. ...................................................................................................................................4
3. .............................................................................................................6
1. .........................................................................................................6
2. ....................................................................................................6
3. ORTHO POLAR.................................................................................6
4. .............................................................................................7
5. ...................................................................................................................7
1. ...........................................................................................................7
2. ..................................................................................................................8
3. ..........................................................................................................................8
6. ...........................................................................................................................9
7. Draw ()...................................................................................................................9
................................................................................................................................9
.............................................................................................................................................10
8. Modify ().....................................................................................................15
9. Modify II................................................................................................................................19
10. Dimensions ()........................................................................................................20
11. .............................................................................................................................22
1. ..............................................................................................................................................22
2. Lines and arrows.............................................................................................................................23
3. Text.................................................................................................................................................23
4. Fit....................................................................................................................................................24
5. Primary units...................................................................................................................................24
12. ..............................................................................................................................25
13. Text ().........................................................................................................................25
14. ................................................................................................................................................27
1. ..............................................................................................................................27
2. ................................................................................................................................28
3. .............................................................................................................................29
4. . -.......................................................30
15. UCS()...........................................................................................................................30
16. Inquiry()...................................................................................................................31
17. ...............................................................................................................31
17.1. MODEL ...............................................31
17.1. LAYOUT ()..................................32
18. ..................................................................................................................34
19. ...........................................................................................................................35
20. Tool Palettes ( )..........................................................................................36
21. ..........................................................................................36
1. Solids ( )..............................................................................36

1.

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5
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. 1
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Circle()
11

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Specify first point or [Object]: -
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Specify next point or [Close/Fit tolerance] <start tangent>:

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Ellipse()
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12


Enter(
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Command: _ellipse -
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]: -
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Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: -
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Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]: -
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Specify start angle or [Parameter]: - ( )
Specify end angle or [Parameter/Included angle]: - (
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Point()
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14

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Erease()
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Copy()
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Select objects: 1 found : 1
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Select objects: 1 found
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Specify second point of mirror line:
Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>: ?[ ]
Offset()
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Command: _offset -
Specify offset distance or [Through] <Through>: 10
15

Select object to offset or <exit>: -


Specify point on side to offset: -
Select object to offset or <exit>: -
Specify point on side to offset: -
Select object to offset or <exit>: -

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Array()

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Move ()
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Rotate ()
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Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0 :
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Select objects: 1 found ( )
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Scale ()
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Stretch ()
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(. . 3.2)
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Command: _stretch -
Select objects to stretch by crossing-window or crossing-polygon...
17

Select objects: ( Enter)


Specify base point or displacement: -
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement>: -
(
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Trim ()
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Command: _trim -
Current settings: Projection=UCS, Edge=None :
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Select cutting edges ...
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Extend ()
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Command: _trim -
Current settings: Projection=UCS, Edge=None :
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Select boundary edges ...
Select objects: 1 found ( Enter)
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Break ()
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Chamfer ()
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TRIM. NOTRIM.
TRIM . NOTRIM
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Command: _chamfer -
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Dist1 = 10.0000, Dist2 = 10.0000 ( TRIM) 1=10,
2=10.
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]: -
[/// //]
Select second line: -
18

P(Polyline)
D(Distance)
A(Angle) , .
T(Trim) TRIM NOTRIM
M(Method)

U(mUltiple) .

Fillet ()
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Command: _fillet -
Current settings: Mode = NOTRIM, Radius = 0.0000 : = NOTRIM, = 0
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]:- [//
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Select second line: -
:

P(Polyline)
R(Radius)
T(Trim) TRIM NOTRIM
U(mUltiple) .

Explode ()
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9. Modify II
Modify II ( II) , .
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edit hatch, .
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edit polyline( )
Edit poliline (pedit) ( )
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Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]: -
[ / / / / / / / /
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C(Close)
J(Join) .
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W(Width)
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F(Fit)
S(Spline)
D(Decurve)
L(Ltype gen) PLINEGEN
U(Undo)
19

10. Dimensions ()
AutoCAD .
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Linear dimension ( )
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:
Command: _dimlinear
Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: -
Specify second extension line origin: -
Non-associative dimension created.
Specify dimension line location or[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]:
[ / / / / /]
Dimension text = 508.43 = 508.43
:

M(Mtext) , ,
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T(Text) -
A(Angle)
H(Horizontal)
V(Vertical)
R(Rotated) , /,
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Aligned dimension ( )
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Command: _dimaligned
Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: -
Specify second extension line origin: -
Non-associative dimension created. -
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: -
[ / /]
Dimension text = 575.66 = 575.66
:

M(Mtext) , ,
-
T(Text) -
A(Angle)

Ordinate dimension ( )
X, Y , (0,0).
, , .
:
Command: _dimordinate
Specify feature location: -
Non-associative dimension created. -
Specify leader endpoint or [Xdatum/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/Angle]: - [X-/Y
///]
Dimension text = 37.41 37.41
Radius dimension ()
. ,
, .
:
Command: _dimradius -
20

Select arc or circle: -


Dimension text = 8.06 = 8.06
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]:
[ / /]

Diameter dimension ()
. ,
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:
Command: _ dimdiameter -
Select arc or circle: -
Dimension text = 8.06 = 8.06
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: - [ /
/]
Angular dimension ( )
.
. AutoCAD .
.
:
Command: _dimangular
Select arc, circle, line, or <specify vertex>: - , ,
Specify second angle endpoint: -
Specify dimension arc line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: -
Dimension text = 248 - = 248
Quick dimension ( )
.
, Enter .
:
Command: _qdim
Associative dimension priority = Endpoint
Select geometry to dimension: 1 found
Select geometry to dimension: 1 found, 2 total -
Select geometry to dimension: 1 found, 3 total -
Select geometry to dimension: -
Specify dimension line position, or [Continuous /Staggered /Baseline /Ordinate /Radius /Diameter /datumPoint /Edit
/seTtings] <Continuous>: - [ / /
/ / / / / / ] (
)
Baseline dimension ( )
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. Enter
.
:
Command: _dimbaseline
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: -
Dimension text = 482.6 = 482.6
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: -
Dimension text = 576 = 576
Continue dimension ( )
.
AutoCAD .
:
Command: _dimcontinue
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: -
Dimension text = 150 = 150
21

Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: -


Dimension text = 140 = 140
Quick leader ( )
, ,
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. Enter first line of annotation text <Mtext>:
( ). Enter.
, Enter, .
:
Command: _qleader
Specify first leader point, or [Settings] <Settings>: -
Specify next point: -
Specify next point: -
Specify text width <0>: -
Enter first line of annotation text <Mtext>: -
Enter next line of annotation text: -

.., Enter
Center mark ( )
.
.
Dimension Edit ( )
.
Enter type of dimension editing [Home/New/Rotate/Oblique]
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:
H(Home) . , .
N(New) . , -
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R(Rotate) .
O(Oblique) . ,
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Dimension text edit ( )
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L(Left)
R(Right)
C(Center)
H(Home) ,
A(Angle)
11.
1.
AutoCAD ,
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22

Format ->Dimension style (- )


Dimensions (). ,
. 13

. 13
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Modify. . 14 , .

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2. Lines and arrows
Lines and arrows( )
. 4 . dimension lines ( ).
(color), (lineweight), (extend beyond ticks),
(baseline spacing)( )
(
).
extension lines ( ).
, , (color), (lineweight), (extend
beyond dim lines), (offset from origin)
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arrowhaeds (), .
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. (arrow size) .
, , (type)
(size).
3. Text
Text . 15

. 15
23

,
(text style)(.. 13), (color), (text hight), (draw frame
around text); text placement ( )
. Vertical () ,
horizontal () . Offset from
dim line ( ) .
4. Fit
Fit (), . 15,
, , .

. 16
, , :
Either the text or the arrows, whichever fits best , .
AutoCAD ,
Arrows ,
Text ,
Both text and arrows
,
Always keep text between text lines
Suppress arrows, if they dont fit inside the extension lines ,
.
Text placement ( ) ,
.
Beside the dimension line .
, .
Over the dimension line, with a leader , .
Over the dimension line, without a leader , .
5. Primary units
Primary units ( ), 16, ,
.

. 17
Linear dimensions ( ) :
Unit format
Precision ( )
Fraction format ( ,
, , fractional ( ))
Decimal ceparator
Round off . ,
Prefix ( )
Suffix ( )
24

Scale factor . .
Zero suppression . ,
. , Leading 0,12
.12. Trailing ,
3,230000 3.23.
angular dimension .
Unit format
Precision .
12.
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Format -> Text Style ( ).
(. . 18).

. 18
Style name ( ) (
, STANDARD).
New (). (. 19).

. 19
, , (,
comments podpis), , , ,
, , ,
. , 255
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.
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. Preview ()
, .
Font () Font name ( , ),
. Preview.
Height () . ,
.
Effects () ,
Upside down ( ), Backwards ( ) Vertical (), Width
factor (/) Oblique angle ( ).
13. Text ()
AutoCAD 2 Multiline text ( ) Single line text
( ). ,
.
25

, AutoCAD
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AutoCAD , Word.
Multiline text ( )
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Specify first corner: ( ), ,
. ,
. Style (), Font
(), Size (), B(Bold ), I(Italic ), U(Underlined
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. True Type.
AutoCAD.
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.
Single line text ( )
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: Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2.5000 ( : "Standard", 2,5),
, . ,
, , : Specify start point of text or
[Justify/Style]: ( [/]).
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Enter text ( ). ,
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, , Enter,
.
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.
:
Command: _dtext -
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2.5000 - : "Standard", 2,5
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: -
Specify height <2.5000>: -
Specify rotation angle of text <0>: -
Enter text: -
Enter text: -
..
:

J(Justify) . . -
. Left ().
, Align( ), Fit( ), Center (),
Right (), Middle (), TL , TC , TR
, ML , MC , MR , BL , BC
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S(Style) . .

Edit text ( )
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26

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Find and Replace ( )
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find string () , . Replace text () ,
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Replace ( )
Replace all ( )
Text style ( )
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Make Block ( ), Draw ().
, . 22

27

. 22
3 : Name (),
Select objects ( ), , , ,
Pick point ( ).
, , Enter.
,
. .
Retain, Convert to block Delete ,
. Retain() , .
Convert to block ( ) . Delete()
, .
Ok.
.
( )
, .
2.
Insert Block ( ). , . 23

. 23
Name () .
Insertion point ( ) , .
:
1- Specify on-screen ( ).
, .
2- Specify on-screen,
.
Scale () . Specify on-screen
, ,
. -
. - ,
() (). , 2,
2 .
, , Uniform
scale ( ), ,
, .

28

Rotate () .
Specify on-screen . Angle ()
0, .
.
Explode, , .
, OK .
3.
,
. , , ,
. , , . ,
, .
, , -
.
, attribute definition (
) , Draw-Block-Define attribute (
). . 24.

. 24
Mode ():
Invisible . , .
Constant . , .
Verify . (
2 ).
Preset . .
, .
Attribute
Tag . . .
Prompt . , , .
Value .
Insertion point( )
Pick point ( ) . ,
, Y Z .
, 0,0, .
, , .
.
Text options( )
Justification ( )
Text style
Height
Rotation
, .
, .
.
.
29

(. 14.1),
.
4. . -
, ,
, .
, ,
.
- ,
. , , , -
, ().
, -. (. . 25).

. 25
, , ,
. + . .
, 1 Blocks ().
, . ,
, , .
, .14. 2,
. ,
.

15. UCS()
UCS() - User Coordinate System( ). ,
. ,
, . . X , Y
, Z . .
, .
,
.
, :
UCS Previous( )
,
, .
World UCS ( )

Object UCS ( )
,
.
.
Origin UCS ( )
.
.
3 point UCS ( 3 )
3 . , 3 .
, ,
30

Y. Y X,
.
X(Y,Z) axis rotate UCS( X(Y,Z))
X(Y,Z).
.
. Z.
16. Inquiry()
Inquiry()
, , , .
. ,
.
Distance()
. ,
. ,
, ,
XY.
Area()
.
, .
Enter.
( ),
O(Object) , ,
. , .
Region/Mass Properties(/ )
, .
. Enter.
List()
, , , , ,
..
Locate Point( )
.
17.
:
- Model
- (Layout)
, , ,
, , ,
, ,
.
, ,
, , .
17.1. MODEL .
, File->Plot(->) File->Page Setup(-> ).
, . 26.

31

. 26
Plot Device( ). (Plotter configuration
). Plot style table( )
(. . 18). .
. 27 , Plot settings, .

. 27
Paper size and paper units( )
inches() mm().
Drawing orientation( ) : Portrait (
) Landscape - ( ).
Plot area ( ) .
, Limits( ,
format()), Extents( , , )
Display(, ). Window() , ,
, .
Plot scale ( ) .
Scaled to fit( ), , ,
. ,
.
Shaded viewport option( )
.
Plot offset( ) .
, .
, K,
. , .
File() Plot Preview( ).
, , .
file-plot, OK( ), .
17.1. LAYOUT ().
Layout , ,
, , , .
32

, ,
Model. Layout1 Layout2. , ,
, 2 -,
. ,
, . , 1:2 1:3.
Layout1 1:2, Layout2 1:3.
Layout , .
26, 27. , ,
, .., .

. 28
. 28 . ,
, , .
, , , Layout1. ,
, ,
. Viewport ( ). -
Layout(). ,
; , , ,
, .
. , ,
(, ), (. .5.6).
, , ,
Viewports( ). ,
, . -, ,
- , . ,
, , , ,
.
model
. , , .
, , ,
pan(), Zoom(). ,
, , Model.
, Model LIST, ,
.
Single Viewport, ,
.
, Viewport- , ,
. , .
.
LIST, ,
. ,
. , .
, File() Plot preview( ).
, . ,
, ESC, File-plot(-).

33

18.
, ,
. , , . .
- , AutoCAD , ,
, , .
.
, ,
, .
.
File - Page Setup ( ),
Plot Device ( ) Plot Style Table( ) (. . 26).
New. , . 29.

. 29
Start from stratch ( )
Next(). .
Next(). , . 30, , :
Use this plot style table for the current drawing
Use this plot style table for new and pre-AutoCAD 2004 drawings

. 30
Finish ()
,
. . Edit. , . 31,
Form View ( )

34

. 31
, .
, :
Color ( )
Dither . ,

Pen, Virtual pen .
Screening , . 0 100.
50.
Linetype
Adaptive .
Lineweight
Line end style . . ,
.
Line join style . . ,
.
Line fill style . , .
Save and close (
).
, .

19.
,
. , ,
.
:
.
.
.
. ,
LIST, .
.
,
.
*.DWT.
.

.

, Create from Template ( ),
, .
.

35

20. Tool Palettes ( )

.
, .
,
.

- (design-center) (. . 14.4).
- ,
. .
Create Tool Palette ( ).

- .
.
21.
, ,
. .
View (),
:
Top view
Bottom view
Left view
Right view
Front view
Back view

SW Isometric view
SE Isometric view
NE Isometric view
NW Isometric view

, , ,
( ).
- .
1. Solids ( )

Box()
, ,
(, ), (, ),
.
:
1. Box
2.
3. (
,
(, @50,25 50 , 25 )
4. Enter.

36

:
Command: _box -
Specify corner of box or [CEnter] <0,0,0>: - []
Specify corner or [Cube/Length]: [/]
Specify height:
:

CEnter .
Cube .
Length . ,
, .
Sphere ()
.
.
.
Enter.
,
.
:
Command: _sphere -
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 : - 4
Specify center of sphere <0,0,0>: -
Specify radius of sphere or [Diameter]: -
Cylinder ()
.
.
.
Enter.
Enter.
, .
:
Command: _cylinder
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 - : - 4
Specify center point for base of cylinder or [Elliptical] <0,0,0>: -

Specify radius for base of cylinder or [Diameter]: -
Specify height of cylinder or [Center of other end]: -
:

E(Elliptical)
D(Diameter) ,

C(Center of the end)


, , ,
.
Cone ()
.

37

Wedge ()
.
Torus ()
, .
Torus.
.
Enter.
Enter.
Extrude ()
.
, .
, (
, Edit polyline,
Modify II ( II),
(. . 9)), ( Region ()).
.
, .
, , .
Enter.
Enter.
( ) Enter.
, ,
Enter.
:
Command: _extrude -
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 - : - 4
Select objects: 1 found
Select objects: - ( Enter)
Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: -
Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>: -

,
, . ,
, .
,
.
, , , ,
, , .
,
, .
:
.
Enter.
, P(Path).
.
, , - .
, , .

38

:
Command: _extrude -
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 - : - 4
Select objects: 1 found
Select objects: - ( Enter)
Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: P []:
Select extrusion path or [Taper angle]: -
Revolve ()
.
, , , , .

(), .
Revolve,
( ).
( 360 ).
Enter.

39