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ISSN 2304-1579.i . . -. . i .2013 ..18, . 4(20)..

7683

I
Mathematical Subject Classification: 80A20, 80A25
536.46, 534.222
. . , . .
. .



. ., i . . ii i
i i i i. i . i , i
. i ii .
ii, ii i i
i i.
i : , i i, ii.
. ., . . .
. , . ,
.
: , , .
Aslanov S. K., Trofimenko M. U. Process temperature instability in a gas
torch and a low frequency pulsation mode of combustion. Combustion of a gas
torch is studied. Conditions are found under which a pulsation regime in the flame is realized. The problem of temperature stability of the torch is solved mathematically. An effect of
absolute instability is revealed that qualitatively explains experimental results relating the
low-frequency regime of pulsation combustion.
Key words: gas flare, low-frequency pulsations, temperature instability.

. ( ) [1].
, [2-4],
.
. -

c . ., . ., 2013

77

.
. - ( 40%, 60%) ()
( 20 0 , 768 ..). , [5].
, .
, , . [6]. .
[7] ,
.

, ,
1. , .
[6,8].

. 1. (0 )
()=5,7 / , ()=1 / ()
1 8,4 , 2 13,2 , 3 21,6

,
, .

.
-

78

. ., . .

, , . .
, ,
.
,

.

,
.
( = 1, 2) :
)
(

+ v
=
+ ,
(1)

2
, ,
, , v ,
, .

( = 0) ( = 1) 1 6
6 0 ( = 2) 0 6 6 2 ,
.
(, ) 0 () , v0 () , T0 (),
0
2 0
= 0 2 + ,

0 = 0 , ,
, .
v0



2
+ v0
= 0
(2)

2
v .
0 , v0 , , (2) 0 v0
(1 , 0) (0, 2 ): 0 = , v0 = v . :

2
+ v
=
,

(3)

.

[
]
[
]
(+)
(+)
()
()
= exp + + exp + ,
(4)


()

v
=
2

(
1

1 4 2
v

79


( .
) v2 ,

()

v
(+)
+ , = ,
(5)
=

v
v
102 , v 102 /, 0, 15 2 /.
. , -
, ,
. ,
,
( ). ,
, . ,
,
[9].

= .
,
. , ,
,
. ,
:
= v ( ) :

=0

=1

= v1
1

=2

=0

+
2

2
= v1

,
=v1 ( )

(6)
.

=v2 ( )

= v ,
( = 1, 2).
= 0 ( )
( 2 )
= vv = v2 vv
. v2
,
v2 .

80

. ., . .

= 0

(
)

2 2
2
1 1

= 2
, =
.
(7)
1
v1
v2
1
, , , . .

1 = 0,

(8)

= 1 , (6)(8) (3).
(4), (5) ,
()
:
(
)
1
()
+ exp
1 = 0,
v1

(+)
1 1

(
)
(
)
1
1
2
2
(+)
()
(+)
()

+
1
+

1
+

2 = 0,
1
1
2
v12
v12
v22
v22
(
)
1
(+)
()
(1 1) 1 1 + 1 = 0,
v1
{
[
(
)]}
2
2
(+)
()
(1 2 2 ) 2 + 1
+ exp
2 = 0,
v2
v2

v2

2 v2

1+
=

1+

1 exp (1)

v2
+ 2

]}
,

[
(
) ]
v

= exp (1)
+
,

v
4- , :
(
)
2
= 1 + 2 1 2 .
(9)
v2
, v2
: = 0 = 22 ,
. 1 = 0 2 = 0,
[10]
)
(
(
)
1 1 2 1
1
1
1
+ 3 2 + 2 3 + 2 exp 3 = 0,
(10)
2+
v1
v1
v1
v1
v1

81

)2
[( 2
)
(
) ] (
v2
2 2
2
2
2
1 + 2 exp
+ 3
1 + 3 2 + 2 3 2
v2
2
v2
v2
v2
[( 2
) ] (
v2
22 2
2
2
(11)
exp
+ 2
+ 2 2+2 4
2
v2
v2
v2
)
(
)
2
2
2 2
2
2 25 3 exp
2 2 42 2 = 0.
v2
v2
v2
v2
( )
1 = 3 v11 , (10)
0 1 exp 1 + 1 12 + 2 1 + 3 = 0,

(12)


(12), exp (),
[10].
( )

2 = v22 , (11)
( 2
)
0 2 + 1 2 + 2 exp (32 ) +
(13)
(
)
+ 4 23 + 5 22 + 6 2 exp 2 + 7 22 + 8 2 = 0,

.
. . [10] (12), (13) , . .
Re > 0, . .
(1 ) 2 ,

(
)
v1
v2
1 1 2 2 , 1 2 .
[5]
.
. , , (, ). ,
(96%), , ,
.
:
v1 =

0 v0 0
,
1 1

v1 , v0
(110 /), , 0
0, 001293
20 , 1 =

(1 + 0, 000367)
, 0

82

. ., . .

(0,95 2 ), 1
, (2,83 2 ):
v1 = 135 /.

= 1, 7 ,
, 79 .
26 .
75
24 . , .
. (,
, ), . ,
, .
,
(Im ) .
.

1.

A. M. / . . ,
. . . : - . . . -, 2003. 227 .

2.

. . /
. . , . . , . . // II
-. . . : . -, 1963. . 150162.

3.

. . - / . . ,
. . , . . , . . . : , 1970.
253 .

4.

. . / . . , . . , . . . : - . -, 1978. 219
.

5.

. . - / . . , . . , . . // . 4 ( .
. . , . . , . . , . . ). .:
, 2011. . 236241.

6.

. . , /
. . , . . , . . , . . //
IX , 1-4 2011.
.
. 2011. . 216218.

83

7.

. .
/ . . , . . , . . // IX
. (NPNJ2012) 25-31 2012. . . 152153.

8.

Trofimenko M. Yu. The electrical structure of propane-butane mixture torch and its
changing at the beginning of pulse burning mode / M. Yu. Trofimenko, S. K. Aslanov,
V. V. Kalinchak, V. P. Smolyar // Proceedings of 3 International Conference on The
Physics of Dusty and Burning Plasmas, Odessa, Ukraine, August 25-29, 2010. P. 135
136.

9.

. .
/ . . // ( ). 1966. . 2.
C. 7276.

10. . . / . . . .: , 1981.
176 .

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