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3 (8) 2011


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2-7528 18.04.2005
191186, -, ., . 2. . .510, . 312 85 73.
www.spbguki.ru e-mail: sv-spbizdat@mail.ru . 05313 09.07.2001
30.08.2011. 60841/8. . . . 24. . 500 (1- 1250). .
c - .
195251, -, ., 29
80434
ISSN 2220-3044

- , 2011

C O N T E N T S
Culture Studies
. . . :
(Elena Mastenitsa. Cultural heritage interpretation in a museum: a humanitarian discourse) . . . . . . . . . . 6
. . .
(Irina Kuklinova. The national museums of France in the regions). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
. . .
(Anton Gubankov. Prospects of development of the network
of mass media as an interpreter ofthe cultural space of the modern city) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
. . .
XIX XX . (Svetlana Shkuropat. The Human and The Earth as a problem
in Russian antropogeography: the end of XIXXX century) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
. . .
. . (Ilya Aleksandrov. Christianity and esoterism
in L. M. Kosarevas oncept of socio-cultural genesis of the early modern science) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

- Socio-ultural Activity
. . -.
(Marina Vilchynskaya-Butenko. Corporate leisure as an element of organizational culture) . . . . . . . . . . .36
. . . 19501960- .:
(Tatyana Molchanova. Budget-time of students in Leningrad
on 19501960s: Building a model). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

,
Library science, Bibliography, Bibliology
. . . 19171921 .
2. (1918 1920 .)
(Galina Mikheeva. Recommendatory bibliography in Russia during 19171921.
Part 2. Out-of-school department of Narkompros (1918 the middle of 1920s)) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
. . . : 90-
(Dmitry Elyashevich. Joseph Yevseyevich Barenbaum. By his 90th birthday). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
. . . -
(Anna Gruzova. Organization
of texts in the Web to improve information services to users) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59

Art History
. . .
(Svetlana Makhlina. Specifics of Spanish traditional dwelling) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
. . . :
(Dmitriy Severjuhin. Art Market: how it should be understood in art history) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
. . . :
(Julia Arutynyan. Historiated capitals of deambulatories of auvernian
Romanesque churches: the question of program) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
. . .
(Vladimir Funtusov. Tradition of alive theater at the creative method by Lev Dodin) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
. . . : 130-
. . - (Liudmila Bakanova. Dreams attracting incarnation: to the 130th
anniversary of operas creation Snow Maiden by Rimskiy-Korsakov) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88

Philology
. . .
(Elizaveta Burmistrova. The symbolism of natural elements in Goethes poetry) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
. . . -
(Liudmila Devel. Competency approach in bilingual English-Russian lexicography) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

. Philosophy. Sociology
. . .
(Arcady Rusakov. Problems of modern culture in information society). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
. . . :
(Ilya Aleksandrov. Science and power.
Science studies project and the problem of justifying the cumulative concept of scientific progress) . . 109
. . .
(Pavel Klevtsov. Socialist idea in a present context) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
. . .
(Andrey Mukhin. Concept of skill and master in the architecture). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
. . . . .
(Elena Mastenitsa. Museum phenomenon in N. F. Fedorovs philosophical works) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
. . .
(Victoria Ippolitova. Philosophical bases of English aestheticism) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

History
. . . :
XVIII XIX . (Tatiana Yakushkina. Starting point: about the development
of the term Renaissance in Russia at the 18th and the first half of the 19th century). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
. . . ()
(Petr Bazanov. Kellomyaki (Komarovo) in the period
of the emigre Russian cultural life and abroad) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
. . . . .
(Raisa Slonimskaia. V. V. Shcherbachovs participation in the Institute of adult education) . . . . . . . . . . 166

Political Science
. . . , , :
(Albert Golikov. Liberal, conservative,
socialist ideas: the possible ways in political management of the Russian society) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
. . . :
(Elena Borzova. World politics and world culture: the problem of the relationship) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
. . , . . .
(Natalja Bogolubova, Julia Nikolaeva. To the question
of cultural links in the contemporary socio-cultural situation) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181

Reviews
. . .
(Petr Bazanov. Russian emigrants in the conditions
of the cold war the best research on the postwar emigration) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
(Information about authors) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189

Culture Studies

069:008
. .
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.
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Elena Mastenitsa
Cultural heritage interpretation in a museum: a humanitarian discourse
The humanitarian bases of heritage interpretation in a museum in a context of problems of humanitarian
knowledge, a paradigm of humanitarian thinking and ideas of philosophy of education are considered. Necessity
of strengthening of humanitarian basis in interpretation of cultural objects is proved, the humanitarian essence of
museum pedagogics as methodology of realization of museums educational function is revealed.
Keywords: humanitarian discourse, humanitarian thinking, humanitarian knowledge, cultural heritage,
cultural heritage interpretation, modern museum, the heritage centers, museum pedagogics
.
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(ICOM) , . .
(ICOFOM). , 2003. . 46.
2
Boniface P. Managing quality cultural tourism. London;
New York: Routledge, 1995. P. 92.
3
Tourism at world heritage cultural sites: The Site
Managers Handbook. Paris: ICOMOS, 1993. P. 8.
4
Fladmark J. M. The Wealth of a nation: heritage as
cultural and competitive asset. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon
Univ., 1994. P. 85.
5
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096(14)(44)
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Irina Kuklinova
The national museums of France in the regions
A special page in the history of the regional museums of France is the development of assembly, received
the status of national. The concept of national museum, which is conceived in the late 19th century, defines the
special status of a number of collections, representing significant historical and artistic points of view events and
phenomena. Important stages of the identification and conservation of the regional heritage steel 19201930s and
the end of the 19501960s. In our time, in connection with the intensification of trends of decentralization, not only
are previously formed the national museums in the regions, but also new ones are created.
Keywords: national museums of France, Association of national museums (RMN), a cultural heritage, regional
museums, art museums, historical museums

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Muses // RMN []. URL: http: // www. rmn. fr /


francais / musees / ( 21. 06. 2011).
5
Sallois J. Les muses de France. Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 2008. P. 6.
6
.: . . XVI : Lancien rgime, :
XVIII XIX . .: , 2007. . 251.
7
Chennevires Ph. Les muses de province // Gazette
des beaux-arts. 1865. Vol. 18. P. 118.
8
Houssaye H. Les muses de province // Nouvelle revue
des deux mondes. 1880. Vol. 38. P. 552; Pomian Kr. Muses
franais, muses europeens // La jeunesse des muses: Les
muses de France au XIX sicle. Paris: Muse dOrsay, 1994.
P.356.
9
1879 .
10
Poulot D. Une Histoire des muses de France. XVIIIXXe
sicle. Paris: Ed. La Dcouverte, 2005. P. 132.

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13
Simonnot N. Entre filiation du modle thorique et
creation dun muse monographique indit: Le muse national
Marc Chagall // De nouveaux modles de muses? Formes et
enjeux des crations et rnovations de muses en Europe.
XIXXXI sicles. Paris: LHarmattan. P. 123.
14
Ibid. . 121.
15
. : URL: http: // www.
musee-europemediterranee. org / fr / Actividades-Eventos /
Manifestations / Rencontres-scientifiques-internationales-duMuCEM2426-mars2011 ( 21.06.2011).

2011

070:004.738.5
. .


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: , , , ,

Anton Gubankov
Prospects of development of the network of mass media
as an interpreter ofthe cultural space of the modern city
Network media are a specific form of culture, interpreting space of a modern city. Analysis of empirical
processes, connected with the establishment and functioning of the network mass media, allowed the author to
identify three potential scenarios of their development as the interpreter of the cultural space of the modern city.
Keywords: cultural space of a city, information communications, network community, mass media, a network
the Internet

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well.com/user/hlr/vcbook/index.html (
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23

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Svetlana Shkuropat
The Human and The Earth as a problem in Russian antropogeography:
the end of XIXXX century
A. A. Kruber, L. D. Sinitskii are Russian famous thinkers of an anthropogeographical school. Their ideas based,
on the one hand, in the research on European working out of geographical determinism, socilogy, German
Erdkunde and Russian tradition, which is connected with understanding of a special role of a territory. So, on the
other hand, special thing in understanding of a geographical aspects role in historical and cultural development,
and influence of Human on the Earth.
Keywords: antropogeography, culture, geographical determinism, Earth

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27

130.2:2+2767
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Ilya Aleksandrov
Christianity and esoterism in L. M. Kosarevas oncept
of socio-cultural genesis of the early modern science
According to Kosareva, the uniqueness of Early Modern Europe is that for the first time in history ideas and
moral practice (as a form of universal labor), developed before in the narrow esoteric societies, the public property,
the property of exoteric culture by associating them with the process of material and spiritual wealth, especially
with the economy and science.
Keywords: exoteric culture, esoteric culture, the esoteric path of spiritual development

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34

Sprat T. The History of the Royal Society of London.


London, 1667.
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2011

Socio-Cultural Activity

374.71
. . -


. . . . . , . . , .
. .
: , ,

Marina Vilchynskaya-Butenko
Corporate leisure as an element of organizational culture
This article focuses on the specific issue of corporate entertainment in the corporate culture of the
organization. Within the framework of the concepts of foreign researchers T. E. Deal and A. A. Kennedy, E. H. Schein,
H. M. Trice and J. M. Beyer clarified specific characteristics and functions of the corporate entertainment.
Keywords: corporate entertainment, the concept of organizational culture, elements of corporate culture

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3
Deal T. E., Kennedy A. A. Corporate cultures, the rites
and rituals of corporate life. New York: Perseus Books Publ.,
2000. 232 .
4
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professional effectiveness. 1st ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
Publ., 1974. 224 p.
9
. .
: . /
. . . . : - , 2009.
343 .
10
Trice H. M., Beyer J. M. Studying organizational cultures
through rites and ceremonials // Academy of management
rev. 1984. Vol. 4, 9. P. 653669.
11
Trice H. M., Beyer J. M. The cultures of work organizations. Englewood Cliffs (N. J.): Prentice Hall, 1992. 510 .
12
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M. B., Caffee G. L. (trans.). Rites of passage. Chicago: Univ. of
Chicago Press, 1960. 198 .).
14
Turner V. W. The Ritual process: structure and antistructure. 1st Cornell ed. Ithaca; New York: Cornell univ. press,
1977. 230 .
15
Moore S. F., Myerhoff B. G. Secular ritual. Assen: Van
Gorcum, 1977. 293 p.
16
Ibid. . 6.
17
. ,
-: . . .: , 2009.
240 . (- ).
18
Trice H. M., Beyer J. M. Op. cit. . 665.
19
Turner V. W. Op. cit. P. 80.

39

378(470.2325)19
. .
19501960- .:

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(, ), (), ( ,
), . ,
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Tatyana Molchanova
Budget-time of students in Leningrad on 19501960s: Building a model
This article is an attempt to analyze the time of students in Leningrad, namely the degree of their employment
during school hours and during hours of free time. The author attempted on the basis of various materials to
construct a model of everyday students life in Leningrad during time continuum. The article deals with the daily
one-hour costs to meet the physical needs (sleep, eating), the main work (study) needed free time (the way home,
the solution of everyday problems), as well as recreational activities. Study time budget allows students a more
comprehensive picture of the social group in the aspect of her life, lifestyle and outlook.
Keywords: time budget, student, leisure, learning, model, free time, daily


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2011

Library science, Bibliography, Bibliology

019.92219
. .
19171921 .
2. (1918 1920 .)
. . .
. , .
: , , , , , , ,
, , ,

Galina Mikheeva
Recommendatory bibliography in Russia during 19171921.
Part 2. Out-of-school department of Narkompros (1918 the middle of 1920s)
The main areas of work Narkompros on literacy and public education. We characterize the views of
N.K.Krupskaya, the development of library and bibliographic work of Extramural department. The methods and
forms of library and bibliographic work that contributed to the promotion of Soviet books.
Keywords: Narkompros, Extramural department, Bibliographic subdivision, Library Section, promoting books,
reference bibliography, reference catalogs, bibliographic posters, reference lists, programs and plans for reading,
libraries of political literature

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55

002.2
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. . . XIX ., - ,
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,

Dmitry Elyashevich
Joseph Yevseyevich Barenbaum. By his 90th birthday
I. E. Barenbaum Russian largest bibliologist and historian of the book. To its feather belongs over four
hundred works. The basic directions of I. E. Barenbaums scientific activity history of democratic book publishing
in Russia in the XIXth century, book publishing in St. Petersburg Petrograd Leningrad, history of the international
book relations, the bibliology theory. I. E. Barenbaum took part in the Second World War, subsequently long time
managed chair of the bibliography and bibliology of the Leningrad State Institute of Culture.
Keywords: bibliology, book history, book publishing of Russia, book publishing in St. Petersburg, the
international book relations, the bibliology theory

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Anna Gruzova
Organization of texts in the Web to improve information services to users
Difficulties reading and comprehension of texts in the Web change the style of reading and creating texts. For
the best perception of the information, personalize content and increase the comfort of information services in the
Web are considered principles of Web text as separate pieces of information related links, which are accessed using
the interface generated in accordance with the principles of usability.
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Art History

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Specifics of Spanish traditional dwelling
Dwelling is one of the forms of human defense against environmental forces. Climate, landscape, character of
the country affects forming of national-ethnical specifics and the character of dwelling. At the European territory
specific conditions for dwelling were formed due to climatic conditions of this region. Spanish dwelling has its
own specific traits. Moreover, Basque house is different from ones in Asturias and Galicia. Houses in Avila, Segovia,
Levante, Malaga and Seville differ from each other. Houses have their own specifics in Catalonia, where cave villages
surround many Southern towns of Spain.
Keywords: dwelling, house, interior, Basque house, Asturias-Galician house, house in Avila, Segovia, Levante,
Malaga, Seville, Catalonia

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In the article art market is studied as the phenomenon of the artistic life of the society therefore the
independent subject of the scientific analysis. The appropriate terms and definitions are given. The methodological
scheme of the market study is suggested.
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7.014
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Julia Arutynyan
Historiated capitals of deambulatories of auvernian Romanesque churches:
the question of program
The Romanesque churches of Auvergne are notable for the rational system of sculptural decoration of their
eastern part, including apse and deamdulatory historiated capitals. The deambulatory of Notre-Dame du Port de
Clermon is decorated with the relieves The history of Our Lady, Adam and Eva. The Fall, Psychomachia. In
Saint-Necter apse we can find eschatological and hagiographical scenes.
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5
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Swiechowski Z. La sculpture romane dAuvergne.
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, . . V. 19:1 //
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Brehier L. Op. cit. P. 349.
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. I, 556; . I, 1921.
18
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. I, 2638.
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. I, 1921.
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24

Porter . . Op. cit. Ill. 1169.


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. XIX, 110.
29
Rochais, labbe. Op. cit. P. 227228.
30
. XIV, 1521.
31
. XVII, 113; . IX, 212; . IX, 2836.
32

/ . , . . . . 1891 . [ ]: . - , 1990. . 852.
33
.
. ,
, , . Carlsson F.
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34
. VI, 2330.
35
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. VI, 4755; . IV, 4349; . II, 4753;
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37
. VII, 2631; . V, 1520; . XI, 13.
38
. III, 2731.
39
. , 2429.
40
. VIII, 112; . VI, 110; . IV, 111;
. , 113.
41
Rochais, labbe. Op. cit. P. 220.
42
Ibid. P. 223226.
43
. . , ,
( . .
. .: , 1989.
.94130).
44
. XXIV, 30; . I, 7.
45
. I, 1321.
46
Male E. Op. cit. P. 212.
47
Ibid. P. 213.
48
James M. R. Pictor in Carmine: arhlogie or miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity / publ. by the Society of Antiquaires of London. Oxford, 1951. Vol. 94. 2nd ser. P.141166.
49


, ,
. .
: . II . //
. , 1992. . 180.
25

81

792(091)(470)19
. .


. , , , .
.
, . .
. . , ,
. . . , , 1997 ., .
: , ,
, , , , ,
, , , , , ,

Vladimir Funtusov
Tradition of alive theater at the creative method by Lev Dodin
A question of a conservation of prinsiples of Russian traditional theater and traditional theatre school is one
of the most sharp and the most significant question of the modern scenic methodology. The main moment of the
methodology of realistic theatre art, beginning from Stanislavskys times, always was the problem of real, alive
stream of scenic process. The most successive and interesting variant of settling this problem today is the creative
method by Lev Dodin. The totality of wayes and means, forming this method, is examined at this article. On the
whole, Dodins methodological discoveryes are consonant with Stanislavskys discoveryes, but at the same time
this discoveryes train the Stanislavskys methode to another, quite new level of development. The article is based
on the notes of L. Dodins rehearsals, which the author was attending, begining from 1997, regularly being at the
rehearsals in the Maly Dramatic Theater The Theater of Europe.
Keywords: Lev Dodin, alive theater, scenic methodology, directing, directors methodology, actors skill, actors
methodology, ethude test, ethude methode, roles lining analogy


,

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6
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7
. . 230.
8
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. . : 2 . .: , 1978. . 2. . 17.
15
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87

792.5+78(091)18
. .
:
130- . . -
XXI .
.. . . - .

, . . .
, . . . -, , ,
, .
: , , , , , , ,

Liudmila Bakanova
Dreams attracting incarnation: to the 130th anniversary
of operas creation Snow Maiden by Rimskiy-Korsakov
Active interest of domestic theater in the beginning of the XXI century after long oblivion to Ostrovskys
Snow Maiden and Rimsky-Korsakovs is connected with postmodernist tendencies on a boundary of centuries.
It is possible to explain scenographic tendentiousness of modern interpretations by insufficient understanding
directors of substantial and musical features of a spring fairy tale, ignorance of history of its creation and a scenic
embodiment. Ostrovskys contemporaries couldnt consider its ideological essence, ambiguity of a theme and deep
lyricism under a fantastic cover of Snow Maiden. Rimsky-Korsakov created the opera with the same name on one
breath, and it was possible to overcome not scenic Snow Maiden with musical means. He transformed it into
the original musical drama, played important role in formation of Russian opera direction.
Keywords: postmodernism, opera art, Russian opera direction, synthesis of arts, scenography, musical drama,
folklore traditions, fantasy and reality

XXI .
. .
. . -.
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2011

41

Philology

821.112.2(091)17/18
. .

, - ,
, ,
,
. , , .
: , , , , ,

Elizaveta Burmistrova
The symbolism of natural elements in Goethes poetry
In his poetic heritage, including such cycles as the West-stlicher Divan and Zahme Xenien, Goethe uses
extensively the symbolism of natural elements in their traditional symbolic meaning, and reinterpreting these
images according to his own natural philosophical concepts, his research in natural science and in accordance with
his philosophical views. Every force of nature is meant as a complex, multifaceted phenomenon, and entails a series
of symbolic images, significantly enriching Goethes literary works on the structural and semantic levels.
Keywords: German literature, poetry, Goethes poetic cycle, natural philosophy, the images of natural elements,
the symbolism of natural elements


,

.
: ,
, ,
, .
.

,
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Strich F. Goethe und die Weltliteratur. Bern, 1946.
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.: Smital O. H. Goethes Zahme Xenien: Diss. Wien,
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Einem H. von. Das Auge, der edelste Sinn // GoetheStudien. Mnchen, 1972. S. 1124.
15
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101

81374
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-
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Liudmila Devel
Competency approach in bilingual English-Russian lexicography
Competency approach is described here at the level of up-to-date mega-, macro-, microstructures in bilingual
English-Russian learners dictionaries.
Keywords: competency approach, bilingual lexicography, megastructur, macrostructur, microstructur


- .
Oxford University Press.

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bilingual dictionaries // Kernerman dictionary news. 2005.
13. P. 1518.
2
Crystal D. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English language. Cambridge: ambridge Univ. Press, 2004.
P.446456.
3
.: . . -
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2011

Philosophy. Sociology

008:316.3
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Arcady Rusakov
Problems of modern culture in information society
Article is devoted to problems of modern culture and their actualisation in connection with a theoretical
contraction of an information society. In a material the various points of view on that influence which renders
development of information-communicative technologies on modern culture are considered. Problems of
unification of cultural space in the conditions of an increasing power of an information technology are mentioned.
Keywords: culture, information society, information and communication technologies

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1993. P. 6.

2011

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Science and power. Science studies project and the problem of justifying the
cumulative concept of scientific progress
Science studies has not established itself as a rigorous and all-encompassing science of science primarily
because the simplified cumulative image of science doesnt correspond to the real history of science. Contrary
to the informational neopositivist approach, the development of science should be considered in a broad
sociocultural context.
Keywords: science studies, accumulative science, accumulation of knowledge

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2011

141.8+321
. .

. XX .
, . .
: , , , ,

Pavel Klevtsov
Socialist idea in a present context
Socialist idea is still relevansed. In XX century we have had an alternative progress, when eastern countries
sought to develop on their own way. And that sought apparent in a socialism.
Keywords: socialism, socialist idea, progress, the theory of progress, alternative progress

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Andrey Mukhin
Concept of skill and master in the architecture
In the contemporary artistic culture of the need skill as a adeptness, a special kind of knowledge, is often
questioned. The master and skill are losing relevance as the concepts of artistic creativity. This trend seems to
be paradoxical on the background of the general technical progress of the information society, in which high
technology on the one hand and primitive use of a consumer on the other, generate the effects of dilettantism
in a global scale. Inability and simplicity are welcome in the actual art. However, there is a whole field of cultural
practices, where skill (professionalism) is key to their existence. Among those the architecture is inseparably
connected with the concepts of skill and master.
Keywords: architecture, art, master, skill, conveyor thinking, archetype, the creator, axiology, design, urban planning


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2011

1(=161.1)+069
. .
. .
. . , . , , , .
. . .
: , , , , , ,

Elena Mastenitsa
Museum phenomenon in N. F. Fedorovs philosophical works
The essence of N. F. Fedorovs original sights for a role and value of the museum in a context of ideas of
Christianity reveals in the article. The thought that not always consecutive and containing emotionally painted
terms the model of an ideal museum offered by the philosopher, has allowed to carry out a prediction and a
theoretical explanation of the modern museology, that does studying of Fedorovs philosophical works especially
actual is spent.
Keywords: a museum phenomenon, the museum project, an ideal museum, social institute, educational
functions of a museum, museum as school, museum as university

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821.111.01
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Victoria Ippolitova
Philosophical bases of English aestheticism
The article is devoted to one of the main philosophical and aesthetical problems contraposition beautyutility and its solution by the philosophers of different countries and ages, particularly by those of them, who
spoke about disinterested character of Beauty, which formed the philosophic base of English aestheticism.
Key words: English aestheticism, philosophy, beauty, utility, Pater



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: XVIII . . . . . .
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Tatiana Yakushkina
Starting point: about the development of the term Renaissance
in Russia at the 18th and the first half of the 19th century
The article is devoted to the earliest period of the term Renaissance development in Russia and covers
the period from the second half of the 18th c., when the names of Italian classics were mentioned first in some
periodicals, till the middle of the 19th c., when Kudryavtsev and Granovsky delivered their lectures on word history.
The idea of Renaissance was formed under the powerful influence of Voltaires concept of European civilization
development and slightly modified by the works of literary critics G. de Stael, S. de Sismondi and P. Ginguen in the
age of Romanticism. It was the period when aesthetical, not historical, criteria dominated in evaluation of the past.
Key words: term Renaissance, O. P. Kozodavlev, Voltaire

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1855 (Michelet J. Histoire de France.
Paris, 1855. T. 7: Renaissance).
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11
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// : .
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. .: , 1983. . 198239; ..
: XVIII XIX .
.: , 1978; . .
XVIII . // : .
. .: . . / . . . . . .: , 1967.
.110207.
20
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22

. .


//
. ., 1785. . . 6465.
23
. . . . . 180.
24
Bayle P. Dictionnaire historique et critique: [en 4 vol.].
5e ed. Amsterdam, 1740.
25
.: Dj le Dante, Florentin, avait illustr la langue
toscane par son pome bizarre, mais brillant de beauts naturelles, intitul Comdie; ouvrage dans lequel lauteur sleva
dans les dtails au-dessus du mauvais got de son sicle et
de son sujet, et rempli de morceaux crits aussi purement
que sils taient du temps de lArioste et du Tasse. On ne doit
pas stonner que lauteur, lun des principaux de la faction
gibeline, perscut par Boniface VIII et par Charles de Valois,
ait dans son pome exhal sa douleur sur les querelles de
lempire et du sacerdoce. <> Aprs le Dante, Ptrarque, n
en 1304 dans Arezzo, patrie de Gui Artin, mit dans la langue
italienne plus de puret, avec toute la douceur dont elle
tait susceptible. On trouve dans ces deux potes, et surtout
dans Ptrarque, un grand nombre de ces traits semblables
ces beaux ouvrages des anciens, qui ont la fois la force de
lantiquit et la fracheur du moderne. <> Ce Boccace fixa
la langue toscane: il est encore le premier modle en prose
pour lexactitude et pour la puret du style, ainsi que pour le
naturel de la narration. La langue, perfectionne par ces deux
crivains, ne reut plus daltration, tandis que tous les autres
peuples de lEurope, jusquaux Grecs mmes, ont chang leur
idiome (Voltaire. Essais sur les moeurs et lesprit des nation.
Paris: Garnery, 1821. Ch. 82: Sciences et beaux-arts aux XIIIe et
XIVe sicles).
26
. . . . . 93.
27
. . .

XVII .:
,
( . . .),
-
, XVII .? ,
XIV
?
, ,
? , ,
, ,
, , , , ,
, .
,
( . .
// . .: . ., 1936.
.733).
28
On fut redevable de toutes ces belles nouveauts aux
Toscans. Ils firent tout renatre par leur seul gnie, avant que
le peu de science qui tait rest Constantinople reflut en
Italie avec la langue grecque, par les conqutes des Ottomans.
Florence tait alors une nouvelle Athnes (Voltaire. Op. cit.).
29
,

157

. .
,
, 121
,
, -,
(. 81).
30
, ,
,
1760- .
18091811 ., 1775 .
31
. . . . . . 68.
32
, XIVXVI . .
,

:
(renaissance des arts),
XV ., ,
XVI . , gloire des art.
33

.
34
. . .
, ,
, .
,
:
( . . .
. .: 3 . ., 1819. . 1. . 300).
35
Ltat de la Moscovie ou Russie ntait depuis le
e
xi sicle quun assemblage de demi-chrtiens sauvages,
esclaves des Tartares de Casan descendants de Tamerlan. Le
duc de Russie payait tous les ans un tribut ces Tartares en
argent, en pelleteries, et en btail. Il conduisait le tribut pied
devant lambassadeur tartare, se prosternait ses pieds, lui
prsentait du lait boire; et sil en tombait sur le cou du cheval
de lambassadeur, le prince tait oblig de le lcher. Les Russes
taient, dun ct, esclaves des Tartares; de lautre, presss par
les Lithuaniens; et vers lUkraine, ils taient encore exposs
aux dprdations des Tartares de la Crime, successeurs des
Scythes de la Chersonse Taurique, auxquels ils payaient un
tribute (Voltaire. Op. cit. Ch. 119: tat de lEurope du temps
de Charles-Quint. De la Moscovie ou Russie. Digression sur la
Laponie).
36
. . . . . . 69.
37
. . . 78.
38
, .: . . , 1793. . 10: []. . 529.
39
, .
// . 1804. . 4. . 345.
40
. . . . .: [ 3 .]. .: .
. , 1819. . 1. . 172173.
41
. . . . . 93.
42
., , XIV: Le premier
de ces sicles qui la vritable gloire est attache, est celui

158

de Philippe et dAlexandre, ou celui des Pricls, des Dmosthne, des Aristote, des Platon des Apelles, des Phidias, des
Praxitle; et cet honneur a t renferm dans les limites de la
Grce; le reste de la terre alors connue tait barbare (ch. 1:
Introduction) : ils admirent les temples
que les Bramante et les Michel-Ange ont levs, les tableaux
des Raphal, les sculptures des Bernini (ch. 34: Des beauxarts en Europe du temps de Louis XIV). : LItalie, dans
ce sicle, a conserv son ancienne gloire, quoiquelle nait eu
ni de nouveaux Tasses, ni de nouveaux Raphals: cest assez
de les avoir produits une fois. Les Chiabrera, et ensuite les
Zappi, les Filicaia, ont fait voir que la dlicatesse est toujours le
partage de cette nation. La Mrope deMaffei, et les ouvrages
dramatiques de Metastasio, sont de beaux monuments du
sicle. Ltude de la vraie physique, tablie par Galile, sest
toujours soutenue, malgr les contradictions dune ancienne
philosophie trop consacre. Les Cassini, les Viviani, les Manfredi, les Bianchini, les Zanotti, et tant dautres, ont rpandu sur
lItalie la mme lumire qui clairait les autres pays (Idem).
: Cest ce qui arriva
dans lge qui produisit les Sophocle et les Dmosthne, dans
celui qui fit natre les Cicron et les Virgile Il ny eut, en
aucune province dItalie, dorateurs comme les Dmosthne,
les Pricls, les Eschine (ch. 121: Usages des XVe et XVIe sicles,
et de ltat des beaux-arts).
43

// .-. . 1798. . 1, . . 191192.
.
: , ,
! ,
:
: :
, ,
: , ,
(. . ., 1811. . 58. 13, .
.2021. . Magaz. Encycl.).
44
. . 192.
45
. . ,
// . . . . : [
7 .]. 2- . ., 1878. . 7. . 603.
46
.
. ., 1822. . 219.
47
.: . . .
.287291.
48
:
. -,
1803 ., 8 // . . 1803. . 4, 12,
. . 158159.
49
, . .
. . . , , 23 1807 . //
, . ., 1813. . 6. . 207.
50
. . . 1834 .
,

2011

:

:
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;

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( . . . .
.732).
51
le Dante ne pouvait tre jug que par les lois quil
stait donnes (Sismondi J.-Ch.-L. de. De la littrature du
Midi de lEurope. Paris, 1829. T. 1. P. 390).

159

94(470.23)19
. .
()

() 1920
1930 . , .
: , , , ,

Petr Bazanov
Kellomyaki (Komarovo) in the period of the emigre
Russian cultural life and abroad
The paper first gives the history of settlement and cultural life of the emigrants in Kellomyaki (Komarovo)
in19201930. The work is written on archival documents and nearly inaccessible, and rare printed sources.
Keywords: Kellomyaki, Komarovo, cultural life, the Russian emigration, the Russian abroad

( 1949 .
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. , 1987. 3. . 2933.
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13

19321936 . / ., . . . . . .
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14
: . ., 1999. . 574.
15
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16
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17
. . .
18
. . . . 30.
19
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20
. : . // : . . 2- ., . .
.: , 2010. . 84.
21
.
22
2040- .: .
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165

37.01:78+374
. .
. .
. , , .
. . . . . ,
.
, . . 1916 .
: , , . . , . . , . . ,
, . . , 19101920- .

Raisa Slonimskaia
V. V. Shcherbachovs participation in the Institute of adult education
The reliable data on the early educational work B. Shcherbachov in adult education institute, now SPbGUKI, as
a professor, is first published, confirmed by historical facts dating Vladimir Mayakovsky and Vladimir Shcherbachov
during the First World War. Office in a driving school, artistic interests of the poet and composer befriended them.
The result was the first musical opus laid on the poems of the poet. Written romance Shcherbachov Four heavy as
a blow to the poetry of Mayakovsky in the autumn of 1916.
Keywords: art education, the Institute of adult education, V. Shcherbachov-teacher, V. Shcherbachovs
creative school, V. Shcherbachovs beginning of educational work, leading figures of the St. Petersburg school of
composition, friendship with Vladimir Mayakovsky, the history of St. Petersburg 19101920s

,
.., . : 192122
. , 13
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. . . 1941 .

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. . . .
1993.
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: :
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2011

Political science

321(470)
. .
, , :

,

, , .
: , , , , , ,

Albert Golikov
Liberal, conservative, socialist ideas:
the possible ways in political management of the Russian society
In article the attention to the question on possibility of creative synthesis of positive elements of liberalism,
conservatism and socialism in political management of the Russian society on the basis of updated Russian idea
in which frameworks the idea of restoration of the Russian statehood and a social legal system will unite with values
of Orthodoxy, conciliarism or zemstvo is brought.
Keywords: liberalism, conservatism, socialism, the Russian society, Russian idea, a communicative discourse,
conciliarism


.
, ,
. , ,
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,
, .

. . :
. . ., 2002. . 2. . 92.
2
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3
, .: .
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4
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6
. .: 4 . ., 1984. . 4. . 162163.
7
., . . :
. ., 1996. . 100.

2011

327+008
. .
:
,
,
, ,
,
.
: , , , ,
,

Elena Borzova
World politics and world culture: the problem of the relationship
In the process of accelerating the dynamics of change in the political system of the world, propagation and
influence of mass culture on the cultures of all countries of the world community, the increase of contradiction
between the East and the West, the co-existence of peoples, nevertheless, assumes the succession from the past
to the present, self-determination and self-identification of every nation, the overcoming of incomprehension of
differences in traditions and creation of a basis for the dialogue between peoples of different cultures.
Keywords: world politics, world culture, politics of culture, globalization, world government, culture expansion


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2011

327+008
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Natalja Bogolubova, Julia Nikolaeva


To the question of cultural links in the contemporary socio-cultural situation
The article is devoted to a modern cultural contact and their place in foreign policy of the states. Authors
address to theoretical questions of a cultural exchange, consider history of formation of concept the cultural
policy. In article the basic models of foreign cultural policy and the form of the international cultural contact also
are considered.
Keywords: the cultural policy, the foreign cultural policy, a cultural contact, the soft power, the international
cultural exchange

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. . 45.
Cultural policy: a preliminary study. Paris: UNESCO,
1969. P. 57.
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Auswaertige Kulturpolitik Konzeption 2000. URL: http://
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185

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. . : 1940-
1960- .: / . . ; . . - .
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Petr Bazanov
Russian emigrants in the conditions of the cold war
the best research on the postwar emigration
A review is given in the generally positive assessment of the monumental, almost the first work devoted to the
postwar emigration from Russia. Of particular importance to the monograph consists in attracting a large number
of previously unknown documents from Russian and foreign archives. The empirical material, compiled by the
author, is of great interest not only to scholars specializing in research of immigration, but for anyone interested in
politics and culture of the second half of the 20th century.
Keywords: Russian emigration, the Peoples Labour Union (NTS), political organizations, Cold War

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2011


Information about authors

, ,

Aleksandrov Ilya Yurjevich, PhD of philosophy, associate professor of Department of Intercultural
Communications of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (ilyamir67@yandex.ru)
, ,

Arutynyan Julia Ivanovna, PhD of art studies, associate professor of Department of Art Studies of
Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (ArutyunyanJI@yandex. ru)
, , ,

Bazanov Petr Nikolaevich, doctor of history, professor of Department of Bibliography Studies of
Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (bazanovpn@mail.ru)
,

Bakanova Liudmila Nikolaevna, leader of Department of Russian National Song Art of SaintPetersburg State University of Culture and Arts (lusimba@gmail. com)
, ,

Bogolubova Natalja Michajlovna, PhD of history, associate professor of Chair of International
Humanitarian Connections at the Department of International Relations of Saint-Petersburg State
University (nmbog1@rambler.ru)
, , ,
,
Borzova Elena Petrovna, doctor of philosophy, professor, head of Department of Intercultural
Communications, dean of Faculty of History of World Culture of Saint-Petersburg State University of
Culture and Arts (fimk@yandex. ru)
, ,
(-)
Burmistrova Elizaveta Valerievna, PhD of philology, associate professor of Department of German
Language of the Institute of Foreign Languages (Saint-Petersburg) (burmel11@gmail. com)
- , ,
-
Vilchynskaya-Butenko Marina Eduardovna, PhD of pedagogical sciences, associate professor of
Department of Socio-cultural Activities of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (3055556@
rambler.ru)
, ,

. . . ,
,
(), -
Golikov Albert Konstantinovich, doctor of philosophy, professor of Chair of Political Science of
Department of International Communications of Baltic State Technical University Voenmeh named
of D.F. Ustinov, honored figure in Higher School of the Russian Federation, member of the Russian
Association of a Political Science, corresponding member of the International Academy of Sciences of
the Higher School (gswetik@mail. ru)
, ,

Gruzova Anna Andreevna, PhD of pedagogics, senior lecturer of Department of Management of
Information of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (gruzova@mail. ru)

189


Information about authors

,
Gubankov Anton Nikolaevich, The chairman of Committee on culture of the Government of SaintPetersburg (sv-spbizdat@mail.ru)
, ,

Devel Liudmila Aleksandrovna, PhD of philology, associate professor of Department of Foreign
Languages of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (miladevel@gmail.com)
, ,
,
Ippolitova Victoria Vladimirovna, PhD of philology, associate professor of Department of Foreign
Languages of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (vickyip@mail. ru)
, ,

Klevtsov Pavel Borisovich, PhD of philosophy, associate professor of Department of Intercultural
Communications of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (pavel-klevcov@yandex. ru)
, ,

Kuklinova Irina Anatolievna, PhD of culture studies, associate professor of Department of Museology
and Cultural Heritage of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (i_kuklinova@mail. ru)
, ,

Mastenitsa Elena Nikolaevna, PhD of history, associate professor of Department of Museology and
Cultural Heritage of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (elenamast@yandex. ru)
, ,
, ,
,
(AICA), ,
,
Makhlina Svetlana Teveljevna, doctor of philosophy, honored figure in Higher School of Russian
Federation, full member of International Academy of Informatization, corresponding member of
International Academy of Culture, member of the International Association of Art Critics (AICA), member
of the International Association of Art, member of the Union of Artists, professor of Department of Theory
and History of Culture of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (makhlina@pochta. tvoe. tv)
, , ,
,
Mikheeva Galina Vasiljevna, doctor of pedagogics, professor, honored figure in Culture of Russian
Federation, senior research assistant of Department of History of Libraries in National Library of Russia
(mikheeva@nlr. ru)
, - ,
; ,
, ,
-
MolchanovaTatianaViasheslavovna, leading librarian of Library of Saint-Petersburg State University
of Economics and Finance, competitor of a scientific degree of the candidate (PhD) of historical sciences;
supervisor of studies Starkov Boris Anatolevich, doctor of historical sciences, professor of Department of
History of Russia and Foreign Countries of Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics and Finance
(molchanova137@list.ru)
, ,

Mukhin Andrey Sergeevich, PhD, associate professor of Department of Museology and Cultural
Heritage of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (nebelwerfer@inbox. ru)

190

2011


Information about authors

, ,

Nikolaeva Julia Vadimovna, PhD in history, associate professor of Chair of International Humanitarian
Connections at the Department of International Relations of Saint-Petersburg State University (mollycat@mail. ru)
, , ,

Rusakov Arcady Jurevich, doctor of philosophy, associate professor, head of of Department of Philosophy
and Political Science of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (arkrus@rambler. ru)
, ,
, . . ,

Severjuhin Dmitryi Jakovlevich, doctor of art studies, associate professor of Department of Art Studies
of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts, co-ordinator of programs of Fund of a name
D.S.Lihachev, member of the Union of Artists (severuhin@yandex. ru)
, , ,
,
.
. . , ,
Slonimskaya Raisa Nikolaevna, PhD of art criticism, doctor of pedagogics, professor of Department
of the Theory and History of Music of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts, professor
of Department of Musical Education and Formation of the Russian State Pedagogical University of
A.I.Herzen, a member of the Union of Composers of Russia, the musicologist (Raisa1970@mail. ru)
, ,
; -

Funtusov Vladimir Pavlovich, PhD of art criticism, associate professor of Department of Direction and
Skill of Actor of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts; art director of the Saint-Petersburg
Theatre Under the Roof (funteatr@mail.ru)
, ,
-
Shkuropat Svetana Gennadievna, PhD of culture studies, associate professor of Department of
Social-Culture Service and Tourism of Institute of Tourism and International Economical Relations of
Saint-Petersburg State University of Service and Economy (svesku@rambler. ru)
, , ,

Elyashevich Dmitry Arkadevich, doctor of history, professor, head of Department of Bibliography
Studies of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (dmitry@elyashevich. ru)
, ,

Yakushkina Tatiana Victorovna, doctor of philology, associate professor of Department of Foreign
Languages of Saint-Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts (yaku0149@hotmail. com)

191

-
-


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:
1.
2.
3. -
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
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-
.
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-
15 19 2011
-
( ., . 2).
.
.
-
17 2011
:
-, . , . 7,
(. 220).
(812)312-96-07 12.00 16.00
(812)312-80-42
e-mail: 9394080@mail.ru

192

2011