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2011

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2. .
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3. . , .
4. .
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5. . .
6. .

1. . .
.
:




6 .
:
T = 2600
n = 34 1
= 0.29

= 0.7
t1 = 0.25 t

t 2 = 0.35 t
t 3 = 0 .4 t

2.

.
.
([1]-1.2):
T n
= 2600 34 = 9.25
N =

9550
9550

([1]-1.8.),
.15:
=

= 0.95 0.97 0.99 0.99 3 = 0.859

()

, ([1]-1.7):
N
9.25
N = =
= 10.77

0,859

:
U =U

U=U2
min

=U

. min

. min

max

=U

. max

. max

U
U

min

= 2 3 2 = 18

max

= 4 6 2 = 144

U
U

:
n = n U

n
= 34 144 = 4896
max
n
= 34 18 = 612
min

2, 249.
: 413223; N=11; n=2900 -1.

56-57[1].
:
n
2900
U= =
= 85.3
n
34

U
U

85.3
= 28.43;
3

:
t = 6 365 24 K K = 10670

t = 0.25 t
= 2667,5
1

t = 0.35 t
= 3734,5
2

t = 0.4 t
= 4268
3

= t1 + t 2 + t 3 = 2667 ,5 + 3744,5 + 4268 = 10670

:
T1

= T = 9550

= 11 9550 = 36.2241
n
2900

T
= 2,2 T = 36.2241 2.2 = 79.693
max

T = T 0.6 = 21.734
2
1

T = T 0.4 = 14.489
3 1

Tmax=265.313
T1=36.2241
T2=21.734
T3=14.489

2667.5

3735
tc=10670

4268

3.

.
2.8.[1],

K =

1
= 1.37
0.73

N = 11
n = 2900 1

U = 3

APM WinMachine, :
:
:
:


11
2900.00 ./.
3.00 2.20 6
1200.00

S
Z
d1

4
180.00

d2
l
a
u
F

500.00
3550.000
1230.53
2.8201
301.87

536.3

= 3 .0

U
U

85.3
= 28.43
3 .0

:
T
=U
U

T = 3.0 28.43 0.95 0.97 36.2241 = 2847.023


T
= T = 2847.023

3
T =
2 U

T =
1 U

T
3
. .
T
2
. .

= 1299.59

= 315.451

4.


,
/
, *

,

34
2600
30.25
1.067e+004

1 -
, 182.3
/
, *
485
5.643
2 -
, 34
/
, *
2600
5.361

10

4.1
.

APM WinMachine.
:
:



,
,
./.

,

547.19
163.75
6.16
10670.00
1
1

3.000

28.000


26.000
:

11

1.

aw
m
b
d
db
dw
da
df
x
h
b
z

163.004
3.000
25.602
46.572
43.188
46.572
52.572
39.072
0.000
6.750
122.000
14

279.435
259.126
279.435
285.435
271.935
0.000
6.750
114.000
84

2.

sFa

296.471

sHa

499.091

275.294

28.0

26.0

HRC

sFr

51.244

44.589

sHr

497.926

12

3.


Ft

Fr

Fa
B


R

3916.395
1752.719
938.278
61.000

23.286

13

4.2.
.

APM WinMachine.
:
:



,
,
./.

,

3200.00
28.00
5.85
10670.00
1
1

4.000

28.000


26.000

14

1 .

aw
m
b
d
db
dw
da
df
x
h
b
z

310.000
4.000
0.000
92.000
86.452
92.000
100.000
82.000
0.000
9.000
158.000
23

528.000
496.158
528.000
536.000
518.000
0.000
9.000
148.000
132

2.

sFa

296.471

sHa

572.727

275.294

28.0

26.0

HRC

sFr

126.197

115.035

sHr

571.710

15

3.


Ft

Fr

Fa
B


R

12121.213
4411.759
0.000
79.000

46.000

16

5. .
.
APM WinMachine, :

, 42606 8328-35;

, 212 8338-35;

, 212 8338-35;

.
:

:

N
,
,
0
100.00
4108.02
1
250.00
402.00

N
, x
,
0
100.00
0.00

,
113.92
90.00
,
-180.00

17

0
100.00

N

0
100.00
1
250.00

N

0
25.00
1
175.00

, ,
0.00
, , x
85.96
-85.96

.,

.,

832.84
832.84

-1676.59
-2480.59

0.00
0.00

, ,

1872.05
2616.66

153.58
161.44

18

19

20

:

N

,
0
90.00
1
212.00

N

,
0
90.00
1
212.00

N

0
90.00
1
212.00

N

0
90.00
1
212.00

11247.41
4108.02

-110.00
-66.08

, x

0.00
0.00

-0.00
-180.00

, ,
0.00
0.00
, , x
485.02
-485.02

21


N

.,

0
9.00
2280.93
1
275.00
-99.77

.,

8240.08
6084.20

-0.00
-0.00

, ,

8549.94
6085.02

15.47
-0.94

22

23


N
,
,
,
0
200.00
11247.41
70.00

N
, x
,
,
0
200.00
0.00
-0.00

N
, ,

0
200.00
-0.00

N
, , x

0
50.00
2600.00
1
200.00
-2600.00

N

, ,
.,
.,
,

0
125.00 -1923.42
-5284.55
0.00
5623.70
-160.00
1
275.00 -1923.42
-5284.55
0.00
5623.70
-160.00

24

25

:
( 32508 8328-75)

80.000
40.000
10.000

26

14.000
14.000
1.000

0.020
0.015

2616.664
0.000
1028.432
1.100

1681409.862
798.558
24869.507
65078.716
10.950
-0.971
0.064
6.908

/.
/

.
.

:








:
() 208
8338-75

27

80.000
40.000
12.700
9.000
1.000

0.020
0.015

0.000
1.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

60337.885
2812.171
10952.171
32632.692
28.915
0.040
0.159
3.042

/.
/

.
.



.
.


.

28

80.000
50.000
6.350
18.000
1.000

0.020
0.015

0.000
1.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

29061.158
3507.559
1690.882
13507.788
37.305
-0.030
0.132
0.470

/.
/

.
.



.
.


.

29

6. . .

38.0
86.0

40
20
40X

10.0
8.0
5.0
3.3
8.0
196.0
188.596
98.0
56.579

42.0
485.0

40
20
40X

30

12.0
8.0
5.0
3.3
40.0
196.0
192.46
98.0
48.115

45.0
2600.0

40
45
40X

14.0
9.0
5.5
3.8
124.0
268.0
266.257
134.0
66.564

31

8. :
1. .., .. :
[ . ]. 3- ., . . .:
, 1991. 276 .:.
2. .., .. : .
.: . . 1975. 552 .
3. .. . .: 1993, 212 .
4.http://www.apm.ru/rus/support/documentation/ - APM

WinMachine